TO ~nITI T.QN ICAS<t>T.

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TPIA fC6IM 6NA rIA

TO fCINHMA TH~ AYTOM6I.Q~H~ ~THN ITAAIA TH ~6fCA6TIA TOY '70

VOIl<XOlK6

~eALOO1tO("(JO'Yj XaL e;wqmAAo eywav a1tO 'to NOIl!XOLXO Epy(xa't~pL.

XP'YjaLIJ.01tOL~e'Yjxav OL ypa(.1.(.1.a'tOaeLpec;: GFS Didot XaL PFVertigo.

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Tot xd(le:vot '1'Yje; 1totpOOOote; exaooYje; (le:'1'ecppotootv ot: Ayye:AOe;, AUaLot, AM1;otvapoe;, ~a~~ote; XotL MLxaAYje;. To xd(le:vo '1'OU Bruno Ramirez (le:'1'otcppao'1'Yjxe: ot1tO '1'Yjv exaooYj '1'OU Radical America vol.IO #4 XotL (l1tOpe:L v« ~pe:8d O'1'Yjv YjAe:X'1'pOVLX~ aLe:08uvoYj http://www.prole.info/ texts/self-reductionitaly.html. To Xe:L(le:VO '1'WV Eddy Cherki XotL Michel Wieviorka (le:'1'otcppao'1'Yjxe: ot1tO otV80AOYLot xe:L(leVWV axe:'1'LXa (le: '1'Yjv L'1'otALX~ otU"t'OVO(lLot (le: '1'OV '1'L'1'AO: Autonomia: post-political politics, e:xa. Semiotextfe), intervention series #1. To xd(le:vo '1'Yje; AU'1'ovo(lYje; ~UV"t'OVLO'1'LX~e; Em'1'po1t~e; '1'OU Ilopro- Motpyxepot otVotaYj(lome:oe:'1'otL ot1tO ae:A'1'LO otV"t'L1tAYjpOcpOpYjoYje; '1'OU EAA.H (l1tpOOOOPot XUXAOCPOPYjoe: oe 1000otV"t'L'1'U1tot '1'0 Xe:L(lWVot '1'OU 2009. EUXotPLO'1'OO(le: ooe:e; XotL oooue; (lote; ~0~8Yjootv O'1'Yjv 1tPW'1'otPXLX~ (lote;, otU'1'~, e:XaO'1'LX~ 1tpOO1ta8e:Lot.

H Xp~oYj '1'WV xe:L(leVWV dvotL e:Ae:08e:pYj. yLot '1'OUe; OX01tOOe; '1'OU otV"t'otYWVLO'1'LXOO XLV~(lot'1'Oe; (le: '1'Yjv 1totpaxAYjoYj Vot otvotcpepoV"t'otL or 1tYjyee;.

not e:mxoLVWVLot: protovouliaxal@yahoo.gr

KINHMATA ArTOMEIQ~H~ ~TO~ TOPINO

'tWV Eddy Cherki, Michel Wieviorka

na va [lEAE't~OOU[lE 'tLS ESEALSELS 'twv xmvwvLxwV aywvwv a't'Yj dU1:LX~ Eupw7tYj a7to 'to 1968 XL E7tEL'ta, 7tPE7tEL va O'tPWpOU[lE a't'YjV haALa. H opyeXVWOYj 'tOU Epya'tLXOU XLV~[la'tOS, ouxveX OE [lasm~ XAL[laXa, EXEL 7tpOOAeX~EL auOEnLXES [lOpcpES. AO'tLXOL aYWVES oO~yYjaav OE opyaVW[lEVES (7tOAmXES) OUVOLxaALO'tLXES XaL 'tom XES opeXOELS[lE oLaXU~Eu[la'ta OUVOEoE[lEVa [lE 'tYj xa'taveXAwoYj.

A7to au't~v TfjV eX7tmjJYj, 'to xLvYj[la 'tYjS aU'to[lELwoYjS, 7tOU SEXLVYjOE o-ro TOPLVO 'to cpOLV07tWPO 'tou 1974, OUVLa't'eX [lLa ESEALSYj uqJLo'tYjsoYj[laoLas. AU'tO[lELWOYj ELVaL Yj EVEpYELa EXELVYj [lE 'tYjv 07tOLa ot xa'tavaAw'tES, oe E7tL7tEOO xa'taveXAwoYjS, XaL ot EPYeX'tES, OE E7tL7tEOO 7tapaywy~s, aVaAa[l~eXvouvm LOWL vrx [lELWOOUV, OE Eva OUAAOYLXeX a7tocpamO[lEVO E7tL7tEOO, 'tYjV 'tL[l~ -rcov OYj[lOOLWV U7tYjpEmwv, 'tYjS o'tEyaoYjS, -cou YjAEX'tPLXOU pEu[la'tosD ~ o-rrx Epyoo'teXma, 'to puO[LO 7tapaywyLxo'tYj't'as.

H ITAAIKH KPI~H

IleXvw XaL 7tEpa a7tO 'tLS xAaomxES [lOPCPES mXoVo[lLX~S XPLOYjS XaL 'tYjS XPEWX07tLas (~ xaAU'tEpa, a7tOUOLas) 'tYjS L'taALx~s XU~EPVYj't'LX~S mxo\JO[lLX~S 7tOAmX~S, ot 7tW EV~[lEpm 'tExvoxpa'tLxoL 'to[lELS xaL ava[lcpLa~~'tYj'tm YjYE'tES 'twv [lEyeXAwV L'taALXWV [lOV07tWALWV (07tWS 0 AVLEAL, Yj FIAT), ouyxEnpW[lEVm yupw a7to -rov Carli '- 7tpOEOpO 'tYjS TpeX7tEsas 'tYjS haALas - 7tPO'tELVOUV XaL, -cov Ioovto rou 1974, U7t0XPEWVOUV 'tYjv XU~EPVYjOYj va OEX'tEL Eva [lE'tappUO[lLa't'LXO axEowD 'to ~XEOW Carli. 0E[lEALW[lEVO a't'YjV xEcpaAaLWoYj U7tOOEOYj 'tYjS mW7tYjp~s ouvaLvEoYjS -coo haALXOU KO[l[lOUVLa't'LXOU KO[l[la'tos (IKK), ~ 'touAeXXLO'tOV 'tYjS OUOE'tEpO'tYj'teXS 'tOU, aU't'o 'to axEOW U7tOO'tYjpLSEL DUO OUOLWOELS o't0XOUS. ACPEVOS, va avaoLapOpwoEL 'tYjV 7tapaywy~ (oLacpop01tOLYjOYj [lEPLXWV ~w[lYjxavLxwv 'to[lEWV XaL E[lcpavws 'tYjS aU't'oxLvYj'tO~LO[lYjxavLas, oLa'tU7tWoYj EVOS 7tpoypeX[l[la'tos 7tUpYjVLX~S EVEpYELas) xoa, a7tO 'tYjV eXAAYj 7tAwpeX, va [lELWOEL, o-ro E7tL7tEOO 'tYjS xa'taveXAwoYjS, -tLS OYj[lOOLE<; Oa7t&vES - OUYXEXpL[lEVa va ouyxpa't~oEL 'tYjV 7tapaywy~ OUAAOYLXWV EpyaAELWV XaL PUO[lLOEWV (equipements collectifs). ~E Eva YEVLXO'tEPO E7tL7tEOO, 'to ~XEOW Carli EmOLWXEL va avaOEOEL 'to ~eXpos 'tYjS L'taALx~s mXOVO[lLX~S [lE'tappUO[lLOYjS o'tYjV Epya'tLx~ 'teXSYj [leow 'tYjS [lELwoYjS -rcov 'e:aW'tEPLXWV' OLEXOLX~OEWV, OUVE7tWS 'tYjS mXLax~s xa'taveXAwoYjS. ~UYXEXpL[lEVa, Yj aSLW[la'tLx~ apx~ 'tYjS XU~EPVYjOYjS 7tEPL 'oLxaLYjS xoo'toMyYjoYjS' 'twv OYj[lOOLWV U7tYjpEmwv EXEL WS E1taXOAOUOO [lLa [laSLX~ eXvooo 'tL[lWV O'tLS ouyxmvwvLES, o-ro YjAEX'tPLXO pEu[la, o-co 'tYjMcpwvo, a't'YjV La'tpLx~ 7tEpLeaAljJYj XaL a't'Yj o'tEyaoYj. Tov IOUAW, EX'tOS a7to EAeXXLa't'ES 'tpo7t01tm~OELS 7tOU 7tP0'teXOYjxav a7to'to I.K.K., 'to Kmvo~ouAW EVEXPLVE aU't'o 'to 7tpoypa[l[la ue aus~oELS 7tOU SE7tEpVOUOav 'to 50%.

5

H ANOLlO1: TOY KOINQNIKOY ArONA

OLxa 'wue; [.lE'"W,cpopLxa [.leo(XO (xAAa ouxva, 01tWe; ~o"'C'Yjv 1tEPL1t"'CWO'Yj "'C'Yje; <I>IAT, "'Co xoO"'Coe; [.lE"'C(xXLV'YjO'Yje; E1tW[.lLSOV"'CaL (x1tw8d(Xe; OL LOWL OL Epya"'CEe;.

To X(xAOX(xLPL XaL -co cp8LV01tWPO "'Cou 1974, 'Yj (x1tocp(Xo'Yj "'Cwv OUO LOLW"'CLXWV E"'CaLPELWV OUYXOLVWVLWV vrx (XuS1jOouv "'C'YjV "'CL[.l~ "'Cou EWL"'C'YjPLOU (x1t0 20% ewe; 50% 1tpoxeXAEoE "'C'Yjv a[.lEo'Yj (xV"'CLOP(xO'Yj (x1t0 "'C'Yjv 1tAWpa "'Cwv EPY(X"'CWV.

OL 1tpW"'CEe; (xV"'CLopaoELe; ~"'C(xv (Xu80p[.l 'Yj"'CEe;, (Xvopyavw"'CEe;: AEWcpopd(X [.l1tAOXapoV"'CaL O"'CO Pinerollo, ev(X O'Yj[.l(XV"'CLXO o'Yj[.ldo ouVa8pOLO'IJe; "'Cwv Epy(X"'CWV "'C'Yje; Rivalta XaL "'C'Yje; Mirafiori, [.lEpLxee; (Xv"'CL7tPOOW1tLEe; EPY(X"'CWV x(X"'Cw8UVOV"'C(xL 1tpOe; "'C(x o'Yj[.l(XPXd(X XaL "'C(x yp(Xcpd(X "'C'Yje; "'C07tLX~e; (XU"'COOWLX'YjO'Yje;, [.lEpLXa CPUAAeXOL(X [.lOLpaSOV"'CaL. 'OAO (xu"'Co OEV (xAAeXSEL 1tOAAeX ooov (Xcpopa O"'C'Yjv (XUS'Yjo'Yj. To ouvoLxa"'Co [.lE"'C(XAAOUPYWV (FLM) 0"'C'Yj Rivalta (x1tOCP(xOLSEL v(X 1tapEL 0"'C(x XePL(x -coo "'C'Yjv opyavwo'Yj -rou (Xywv(X 0"'C'Yj ~ao'Yj "'C'Yje; (xu"'Co[.ldwo'Yje;~ "'Co E~OO[.l(XOL(XLO 1taoo [.lE"'C(Xcpopae; 1tpe1tEL vrx (XyOpaSE"'CaL O"'C'lJv 1t(xALa "'CL[.l~.

H ECP(XP[.loy~ "'Cou OXEOLOU Carli 1tpoU1t08e"'CEL ev(X XAL[.l(X XOLVWVLX~e; ELp~V'Yje; x(X8we; XaL "'C'Yjv (x1tOUOL(x EPY(X"'CLXWV (Xywvwv. II(Xp' OA' (Xu"'Ca, "'C(x "'CEAEU"'C(xL(x XPOVL(X OL XOLVWVLXOL (xYWVEe; EV"'CdvoV"'CaL. KA(xOaLXee; [.lopcpee; opao'Yje; exouv EVLoxu8d OE O'Yj[.l(xV"'CLXO ~(X8[.l0 (X1t0 ALYO"'CEPO OU[.l~(x"'CLxee; [.lopcpee;: o(X[.l1to"'Cas O"'C'Yjv 1t(xP(XYwy~, (x1to[.laxpuvo'Yj -rcov 'YjYE"'CWV, [.lELWO'Yj "'C'Yje; 1t(XP(xYWYLXO"'C'Yj'"C(Xe;, eAErxOe; -cou pu8[.lou 1t(Xp(Xywy~e; XaL [.l(XSLX~ (X1tOUOL(x (x1t0 "'C'Yj oouAELa. Amo -ro XLV'Yj[.l(X EXcppaSEL "'C'Yjv LOL(x O"'CLY[.l~ "'C'Yjv ESeYEpo'Yj "'C'Yje; L"'C(xALX~e; EPY(x"'CLX~e; "'CaS'Yje; XaL "'C'Yjv EPLO"'CLxo"'C'Yj"'Ca "'C'Yje;.

T(X [.lE"'C(XAAoupYLxa ouvoLxa"'C(X (ro FLM) X(xL oLacpopEe; o[.laoEe; "'C'Yje; axp(Xe; (xpLO"'CEpae; (Lotta Continua, Avanguardia Operaia XaL (XPYO"'CEP(x n Manifesto) exouvev(Xv EVEPY'Yj"'CLXO POAO OE (xu"'Co "'Co XLV'Yj[.l(X. Ava[.lEo(x O"'CO 1968 X(xL -ro 1975 [.lopcpee; a[.lEO'Yje; opao'Yje; E1t(xVE[.lCp(xVLsoV"'CaL O"'CO 1tEOLO ([.laX'Yje;) rcov (Xa'"CLXWV (Xywvwv, exoV"'C(Xe; E7tLXEV"'Cpw8d XUpLWe; yupw (x1t0 "'Co 1tpO~A'Yj[.l(X "'C'Yje; o"'Cey(xo'Yje;. OL aO"'CEYOL X(X"'C(XA(X[.l~aVouv aOEL(x 01tL"'CL(x. EVOLxL(Xo"'Cee; XP(x"'CLXWV e:O"'CLWV [.lELWVOUV at LOWL "'CCX EVOLXLCX ~ CXV"'CW"'CEXOV"'Cat OE ESWOW;. AU"'COL OL CXYWVEe; dVaL 1tcxpavO[.lOL, [.lCXsLXOL XaL ouxva ~LCXWL.

MCXSLXOL CXYWVEe;: O"'C'Yjv h(xALCX cxva[.lEocx O"'CO 1969 XaL -co 1975 20.000 X(X"'COLXLEe; XCX"'C(XAcx[.l~avoV"'CaL. H cxmo[.ldwo'Yj -rcov EVOLXLWV ~"'C(xv 'Yj 1tpw"'C'Yj [.lopCp~ opao'Yje;, 'Yj 1tOAmX~ a'"C0xwo'Yj ~"'C(xv VCX 1tEPWPW"'Couv "'CCX EVOLXL(X 0';0 10% "'Cwv [.l'YjVL(XLWV CX1tOOOXWV xa1towu.

AU"'COL OL ~LaLOL (xYWVEe;! OEV [.l1tOpOUV vcx CX1t0[.lovw80uv (x1t0 "'Co XAL[.l(X "'C'Yje; XOLVWVLX~e; XaL (xO"'CUVO[.lLx1je; ~LCXe;, -ro 01tOLO OE01tOSEL o"'C'Yjv h(XALCX. To 7tL0 OpCX[.l(x"'CLXO E1tELOOOW ouve~'Yj 0"'C'Yj OUVOLXLCX "'Cou San Basilio (o"'Ccx 1tpOao"'CLcx "'C'Yje; PW[.l'Yje;). To ~E1t"'Ce[.l~p'Yj -rou 1974, evcxe; CXYWVLO"'C~e; "'C'Yje; axpcxe; cxpLO"'CEpae; oxO"'CW8'YjXE xcx"'Ca "'C'Yj oLapxELcx [.lLCXe; ouyxpouo'YjC; cxVa[.lEacx o"'C'Yjv cxO"'CUVO[.lLCX XCXL OE XCX"'CCXA'Yjtj> LEe;.

ELVaL OUOXOAO vcx Eyxcx8LOpu8d [.lLCX a[.lw'Yj ouvow'Yj [.lE"'CCXSU "'CWV CXO"'CLXWV (XYWVWV XaL "'CWV cxYWVWV "'CWV Epy(xSO[.levwv. LlEV dVaL EUXOAO vcx CXV"'CLA'Yjcp8EL xcxvde; 1tWe; -ro XCX7tL"'C(xALO"'CLXO oUo"'C'Yj[.lcx oeXE"'CaL, YEVLXO"'CEPCX, [.lLCX E1tWEO'Yj -rooo O"'CO E1tL1tEOO "'C'Yje; 1tCXpcxywy~e; 000 XaL O"'CO E1tL1tEOO "'C'Yje; xcx"'CcxvaAwO'Yje;. To XLV'Yj[.lCX "'C'Yje; cxu"'CO[.ldwo'IJe; O"'CO Toptvo 1t(XOXLSEL vcx EV01tOL'Yj80uv, [.leow OUAAOYLX~e; opao'Yje;, OL ooVa[.lELe; "'C'lJe; 1t(Xp(Xywy~e; XaL cxmee; "'C'Yje; xcx"'CcxvaAwO'Yje;.

ML(x oUv"'Co[.l'Yj 1tOAmX~ oUS~"'C'Yjo'Yj cxxoAou8d cxu"'C~v "'C'Yjv CX1tocpcxo'Yj. H apv'Yjo'Yj 01tOLCXOO~1tO'"CE 1tA'YjpW[.l~e; OE ACX[.l~avE"'CcxL 1tpcxx"'CLxa U1totj>'Yj XaL YLCX evcxv 1toM xcxM Myo: OL E"'CaLpdEe; OUYXOLVWVLWV 8cx o"'CCX[.l(x"'Couocxv, CX1tAa, vcx XLVOUV "'CCX AEWCPOPELCX -rouq, ~E xa8E AEWcpopdo ESOUOwoo"'C'Yj[.leVOL cxV"'CL7tPOOW1tOL exoov Aa~EL U1tOOELS'Yj vcx [.lCXSEUOUV "'CLe; Oovopo[.lee; O"'C'Yjv 1tCXALa "'CL[.l~ (.LE cxV"'CaAAcxy[.lcx [.lLCX CX1tOOELS'Yj 1tOU EXOLOE"'CaL CX1tO "'CCX ouvoLxa"'Ccx. Tee XP~[.lcx"'C(x 1tOU [.lCXSEUOV"'CaL, [.lE"'Ccx~L~aSoV"'CcxL xcx"'C07tLV O"'CLe; E"'CaLPELEe;. [1]

OL [.lLXpO"'CEpEe; E"'CaLpdEe; cxPVOUV"'C(XL "'CCX XP~[.lcx"'Ccx, yp~opcx o[.lWe; CXVaLpOUV cxu"'C~ "'C'Yjv (x1tocpcxo'Yj. A1tELAOUV VCX 1tEpLXOtj>OUV OUyxExpL[.leVEe; (AEWcpopELcxxee;) ypcx[.l[.lee;, we; (XV"'CL1tOLVCX. OL OL(xO'YjAWOELe; -rcov EPY(X:t"WV XaL OL 7tLeOELe; (x1t0 "'C'Yj FIAT oO'Yjyouv "'C'Yjv "'C07tLX~ xu~epv'Yjo'Yj v(X CX1taL"'C~OEL CX1tO "'CLe; (xVCX[.lE[.lLY[.leVEe; E"'CaLpdEe; v(x (x1tOOEX"'COUV "'C'Yjv (xV(xO"'COA~ "'Cwv 1tEPLX01tWV "'Coue; XaL VCX XP'YjaL[.101tOL~OOUV AEWcpopd(X o"'C'Yjv 1tCXALa "'CL[.l~ [.lexpL v(X E7tL"'CwX8d OU[.lCPWVLCX

7

TO KINHMA TH1: AYTOMEIn1:H1: KAI H TIMH TON

1:yrKOINQNInN

~"'CO Toptvo X(X8'Yj[.lEpLva oExaoEe; XLALaoEe; Epy(XsO[.levwv 1t'YjYaLvoepX0V"'CaL [.lE U1tEP(XO"'CLXO ~ 1tPO(xO"'CLCXXO [.leoo (pendolari). Au"'Co "'Co YEyovoe; CX1tO"'CEAd [.lL(x U1tOXPEW"'CLX~ E7tL[.l ~xuvo'Yj "'C'Yje; EpyaaL[.l 'Yje; 'Yj[.lepcxe; X(xL evcx O'Yj[.l(XV"'CLXO OLXOVO[.lLXO ~apoe;.

MEpLxee; E7tLXELp~OELe; E7tL~CXpuvoV"'CaL [.lE "'C(x [.lE"'CcxcpopLxa eSoo(X "'Cwv Epycxs0[.levwv "'Coue; - aAAEe; 1tpo~M1touv "'C'Yj [.lE"'CCXXLV'YjO'Yj "'Cwv EpycxsO[.levwv [.lE

6

[lE 'ta OUvBLX(X-Ca.

To YEyovoe; 1tWe; Yj a[lEoYj BpaoYj e:LXE oo» a1to'tEAw[la [lw, 't000 yp~yopYj Em'tUXLa e:LVaL uqnO'tYje; OYj[laOLae;, rxv xaL [lOVO 0't0 E1tL1tEBo 'tYje; BLa[laXYje; EnOe; 'tWV ouvBLxa'tWV XaL 'tWV opyavwoEwv 'tYje; apLO'tEpae;.

~EV EL[laO'tE 1t~a [lEoa 0't0 EpyOO'taow, O'tYjV LBLa 'tYjV 1tEPWX~ 'tYje; 1tapaywy~e;, aAM [laAAOV O'tYj OU[l~OA~ 'tOU EpYOO'taOLOU [lE 'tYj YEL'tOVLa ~ 'tYjV 1tOAYj. Au'to 1tpOBLaypa<pEL 'tYjV ava1t'tu~Yj 'tWV Aa'Lxwv aywvwv 0't0 E1tL1tEBo 't'l)e; xa'tavaAWOYje;, xWpLe; aXO[la va E[l<paVLsonaL .'ta mo xapaX'tYjpLO'tLxa yvwpLO[la'ta (BLa'ta~LXO'tYj'ta, BuoxoALa O'tYj ouvBwYj [lE 'tOUe; Epya'tLXOUe; aYWVEe;). TEAEU'taLo XaL 1tavw a1t' oAa, au't~ Yj [lOp<p~ aywva ouvLo'ta [lLa p~~Yj [lE 'tYjv 1tapaBoaLax~ 1tpax'tLx~. .

H au'to[le:LwoYj BEV E<pap[loO'tYjxE a1to a1tO[lOVW[lEVOUe; aywvLO'tEe;: opyavw8YjxE - XL aU'to e:LVaL Eva 8E[lEALwBEe; oYj[le:LO -a1tO ouvBLxa'ta 1tOU 't'l)V U1tOo't~pL~av EVEpyYj'tLxa, XaL 'tau't0xpova E1tE~aAav [lLa OUVE1t~ 1t0pe:La opao'l)e;. MLa 'tE'tOLa 8EOYj 8a ~av aBLavoYj'tYj [lEpLXa XPovLa VwpL'tEpa- ouvLo'ta [lLa p~~Yj OE ouyxEXpL[lEVa s'l)'t~[la'ta 'tYje; axpae; apLO'tEpae;. E[le:Le;, wO'tooo, 8a 1tpe1tEL va EX'tL[l~OOU[lE 'to 1tEPLEXO[lEVO aU't~e; 'tYje; p~~Yje;: Yj aU'to[lELwoYj -rcov 1tEPL<pEpELaxwv OUYXOLVWVLWV ~'tav aVExa8Ev Eva <paLVO[lEVO 1tEpWpLO[leVO OE OUyXEXPL[lEVO 't01t0, 'to 01tOLO 1tEpLAa[l~avE dftoxAELO'tLxa 'tOY [lYjxavLxo E~01tAto[lO (AEw<p0pe:La) 'twv 'tomxwv [lE'taAAoupyLxwv ouvoLxa'twv, YLa Eva ouvoAo o'tOxwv. IIo'tE BEV ~'tav 8E[la oUs~'tYjoYje; Yj YEVLXEUOYj 'tou XLV~[la'tOe; OE E8vLX~ xAL[laxa. To xLvYj[la YLa 'to YjAEx'tPLxo pEu[la 1tOU u1toXLV~8YjXE a1to 't'l)v E1tapXLaX~ YjYEoLa 'tou FLM 8a 1tPOOBWOEL [lLa vEa BLaO'taoYj o't'l)v aU'tO[lELWO'l), 'tOY aAYj8LVo 't'l)e; [lasLXO xapax't~pa.

EXOUV a1to'tuXEL. E1tmpo08E'ta, aU't~ Yj [lOp<p~ aywva BE BW[lEUEL 'toue; Epya'tEe; v« aU't00pyavw80uv. OL Epya'tEe; 1tapa[lEVouV 1ta8Yj'tLxoL, a<pou a1tAa 'toue; SYj'tEL'taL va [lYjv E~o<PA~OOUV 'toue; AoyapLao[lOue; 'toue;.

H aU'to[ldwoYj 'tWV AoyapLao[lWV -cou YjAEx'tPLxou pEU[la'tOe; OU[l~oALstL 'tYj BLa<pwVLa 'tWV 1tEAa'twv [lE 't'l) [lOV01tAEUpYj a1to<paoYj 1tOU 1tap8YjXE a1to 'tYjv XU~EPVYjOYj 'tOY IouAw. H a[lEoYj BpaoYj 1tPE1tEL va E~avayxaoEL 'tYjv XU~EPVYjOYj vrx BLa1tpaY[la'tEU'td XaL [l' aU'tov 'tOY 'tP01tO va xa80pLoEL 'to E1tL1tsBo 'tWV BLEXBLX~OEWV, yupw a1to 'tLe; 01tOLEe; [l1tOPOUV va Aa~ouv xwpa OL BLa1tpaY[la'tEuOELe;. To; [lEAYj 'tWV ouvBLxa'twv E8Eoav au'to 'to E1tL7tEBo o-ro 50% 'twv VEWV AoyapLao[lwv -cou YjAEx'tPLxou pEu[la'tOe;.

'Erot, 'ta [lEAYj 'twv ouvoLxa'twv EvO'taAasouv [lLa 1tapavo[lYj BLaO'taoYj 'tYje; '1tOAL'tLx~e; avu1taXO~e;' O'tYj opaoYj. L:'tLe; apXEe; aU'tou -cou aywva 'ta ouvoLxa'ta 1taLsouv Evav xa80pLO'tLXO pOAo. Arro 'tLe; 1tpW'tEe; [-tEpEe; 'ta ouvoLxa'ta YjAEx'tPLo[lou o~Awoav 1tWe; 8a apvouV'tav va xAELoouv 'to pEu[la O'ta X'tLpLa oLa[lEpLo[la'twv 1tOU E<pap[losav 'tYjv aU'to[lELwoYj, O'tLO~1tO'tE XL «v OUVE~aLVE.

Em1tAEov, ~'tav e'tOL[lm VaELBo1tm~oouv 'tOUe; EVOLXOUe; WO'tE va E~a1toAu8E~ XLVYj't01tOLYjOYj YLa va a1tO'tpa1tEL 'to XAELOL[lO 'tYje; YjAEx'tpooo'tYjoYje;. To oYj[laV'tLxo o'tOLXdo 1tOU OLa1tw'twvEL xavde; ELVaL 0 pOAoe; EVOe; Epya'tLxou ouvoLxa'tou o'tYjv Evap~Yj aywvwv E~W a1to 'to Epyoo'taow. Tee Epya'tLxa ouvoLxa'ta EXOUV <p'taoEL OE oYj[ldo va aV'tLxa8Lo'touV OE xa1tow ~a8[l0 'ta xO[l[la'ta ~ XaL 'tLe; 7toAL'tLXEe; opyavwOELe;.

H 1tpw'to~ouALa -rcov ouvoLxa'twv [l1topd va YLVEL xa'tavoYj't~ [lOVO av Aa~EL xa1tOWe; U1totjJYj 'tou 'toue; OUaxE'tLO[lOUe; ouva[lYje; ava[lwa o-ro 'tomxo/ 1tEpL<pEpELaxo (E1tL1tEOO) XaL 'to E8vLXO E1tL1tEOO 'twv oUVO[lOO1tOVOLWV. Y1tapXEL, 1tpay[la'tL, Eva OUYXEXPL[lEVO 1tAaLaLo ouvoLxaAL0[lou o-ro Toprvo, Trx ouvoLxa'ta 'tou Toptvo, CGIL (haALx~ L:uVO[lOO1tOVOLa L:uvoma'twv Epya'twv), CISL (rEVLX~ haALx~ L:uVo[lOO1tOVoLa· EpyaoLae;), UIL (haALx~ O[lOO1tOVOLa L:uvoLxa'twv) XaL 'ta ouvoLxa'ta FLM dVaL axE'tLxa aU'tovo[la ava<popLxa [lE 'tYjV E8vLX~ 'toue; YjYEoLa.

To CGIL 0't0 Toptvo, a[lwa OUVOEOE[lEVO 0't0 haALxo KO[l[lOUVLO'tLXO KO[l[la OE E8vLXO E1tL1tEOO, ~PLOXE'taL o-rrx apLo'tEpa 'tYje; E8vLX~e; -cou 'l)ywLae;D 'to CISL dVaL Eva 'avmx'to' ouvoLxa'to 0't0 01tOLO aywvLO'tES 'tYje; axpae; apLO'tEpae; U1tEpa01tLsoV'taL 'tLe; 1tOAL'tLXEe; 'tOue; LOEEe; XaL E~ao<paALsouv 8EOELe; EU8uvYje; OE 1tEpL<pEpELaxo E1tL 1tEOO.

Au'to OE 8a ~av 1tOU8EVa aAAou 'to s~'t'l)[la, ELoLxa 0't0 MLAavo, 01tOU Yj 1tEPL<pEpELax~ YjYEoLa 'twv. ouvoLxa'twv EXEL xaALVaywy~oEL 'to XLV'I)[la 'tYje; au'tO[lELWO'l)e; -cou YjAEx'tPLxou pEu[la'tOe; 1tOU ~EXL VYjOE a1to O[laOEe; 'tYje; axpae; apLo'tEpae;, ~ axo[lYj o'tYj Na1toA'I), 01tOU 'to xLvYj[la 't'l)e; aU'to[ldwoYje; dvaL 1tEPLOOO'tEPO au80p[lYj't0 xaL aouvoE'tO [lE xanma 1tpw'to~ouALa a1to ouvoLxa'ta.

H EVEPY~ U1tOO't~PL~Yj 'twv oW[la'tELaxwv 1tpw"to~ouALwv a1to OUOOW[lYj 'tYjv axpa apLo'tEpa 0't0 Toptvo a1tO'tEAEL Eva O'l)[lav'tLxo O'tOLXELO- 'to xLvYj[la OE 8a ~'tav 1tO'tE Lxavo va xLVYj't01tm~OEL 'tLe; yEL'tOVLEe; Evav'tLa 0't0 L:XEOW

9

\ H AYTOMEInL:H TOY HAEKTPIKOY PEYMATOL:

E1tw<pEAOU[.LEVYj a1to 'to xaAoxaLpL XaL o-rrx 1tAaLaLa -cou L:XEoLOU Carli, Yj XU~EPVYjOYj a1to<paoLSEL O'tLe; apxEe; IouALou va au~~oEL 'tYjv 'tL[l~ -rou YjAEx'tPLxou pEu[.La'tOe;. Au't~ Yj au~YjoYj 1tpoE~0<pAd [lLa oAOxAYjPYj oELpa a1to 1tapE[.L<pEp~ [lE'tpa XaL, we; a1to'tEAEo[la, a1to'tEAd Eva 1tOAL'tLXO -rso-r YLa 'tYjV E~ouoLa. ea dVaL LxavoL va Em~aAouv 'tLe; axoAou8Ee; aU~~OELe; - 't'l)AE<pwvLxa 'tEAYj, OYj[lOOLEe; OUYXOLVWVLEe; XA1t - 01..0 (yPYjyopO'tEpa XL EUXOAO'tEpa, rxv Yj aV'tLopaoYj O'tYjV 1tPW'tYj 'tOUe; aito<paoYj dvm aOUva[lYj XaL OLO'taX'tLX~. To; ouvBLxa'ta 1tPE1tEL va opaoouv- XaL vrx opaoouv yp~yopa.

L:E [lLa OLXOVO[lLX~ XPLO'l), Yj 1taAYj 0't0 EpyOO'taow OEV [l1topd va E~U1t'l)PE't~OEL we; ~aoYj XLVYj't01tOLYjOYje; YLa 'tYj ouvaV'tYjoYj OLEXOLX~OEWV axE'tLXWV [lE 'tYjV xa'tavaAwoYj. To; auvoLxa'ta -rou CISL - YjAEx'tPLxou pEu[.La'tOe;, XPYjaL[101tOLwV'tae; 'to 1tapaoELy[la -rou xLV~[la'tOe; 'twv 1tEpL<pEpELaxwv oUYXOLVWVLWV, 1tpo'tdvouv apyo'tEpa vrx EYXaLVLao'tEL Yj aU'tO[le:LWOYj. ea [lELW80uv OL AoyapLao[loL 1tOU Aa[l~avouv at xa'tavaAwiEe; xa'ta 50% ~, mo pLsLxa, 8a opyavw8d Yj apvYjoYj 'tYje; E~o<pAYjoYje; 'twv AoyapLao[lwv;

L:'tYjv 1tpay[la'tLxo'tYj'ta, au't~ Yj 'tEAEU'taLa MoYj oLaxLVouvEUEL va YUPLOEL EvaV'tLov au'twv 1tOU 'tYj XPYjaL[101tOWUV- oLa<popEe; 1taAaLo'tEpEe; 1tpOO1ta8ELEe;

8

Carli «v "fj cXxpa apLa'tEpcX, (.LE "w; OLacpopE"nXES Aa'r:x11S ~cXG"fjS opyaVWGELS YEL'WVLcXS, OEV dXE G't"fjPLSEL 't"fjV 1tPW'tO~OUALa 'tWV GUVOLXcX'tWV.

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H OEU'tEPYj cpcXG"fj 1tpay(.La'tEuE'tm 't"fjv 1tpay(.La'tLx11 oLw8E't"fjG"fj -rorv AoyapLaG(.Lwv. ~E amo 'to G'tcXOLO, (.LEGOAa~OUv 'ta GUVOLxcX'ta "fjAEX'tPLG(.LOU, 01tWS ELvm aVCX(.LEVO(.LEVO, (.LE 'to VCX 1tpO(.L"fj8EUOUV (.LE (.LLCX 1tA11P"fj Ex8EG"fj -rorv "fj(.LEP0(.L"fjVLWV 01t0'tCXV OL AOYCXPLCXG(.LOL 'tCXXuopo(.Lounav, CX1tO YEL'tOVLcX GE YEL'tOVLcX. Os a1to'tEAEG(.LCX cxu't11S 't"fjS AOYOOOGLCXS, OL Acx'LXES 0PYCXVWGELS 1tpOXWpouv GE aLao"fjAWGELS (.LE 1tCXVO (.L1tPOG'tcX CX1tO GUYXEXpL(.LEVa 'tcxXUOp0(.LLXcX ypcxcpELCX xm (.LOLPcXSOUV a'tOUS EpyCXSO(.LEVOUS Eva CPUAAcXOLO 'to 01tOLO ES"fjYEL 'tLS (.LE80oouS 't"fjS aU'to(.LELwG"fjS. OL EpycxsO(.LEVOL ESOCPAOUV 'touS (cxmo)(.LELW(.LEVOUS AoyapLaG(.LOUs (.LE 't"fj XP11G"fj 1tPOOXEOLWV 1tOU EXOUV E'tOL(.LCXG'td a1tO 'ta GUVOLXcX'tCX 11 'tLS E7tL'tp01tf::S cxywvcx.

~'to TOPLVO xm G'tO Piedmont, (.LEGCX GE (.LEPLXES E~OO(.LcXOES, 1tEpL1tOU 150.000 OLXOYEVELES (.LELWGCXV OL LOLES (.LE «urov -cov 'tP01tO 'touS AoyapLCXG(.LOUS 'tou "fjAEX'tPLXOU pEU(.LCX'tOS. ~'to (.LEycxM'tEPO 'touS XO(.L(.LcX'tL, CXU'tES ELvm OLXOYEVELES 't"fjSI::(lyCX"tLKnS xm 't"fjS (.LLXpOCXG'tLx11S 'tcXS"fjS - OL 1tEpLcpYJ(.LES (.LEGCXLES 'tcXSELS - xm 1tCXPEXOUV GE CXU'tO 'to (.LasLXO aywvcx (.LLCX 1tpay(.La'tLx11 oLcx'tCXSLx11 OLcXG'tCXG"fj. Oa'tOGO, 'to XLVYj(.LCX XcX'tw ooro cxu't.11 't"fj (.LixSLX11 (.LOpcp111tcxpa(.LEvEL xcx8apcX 1tEPLOpLG(.LEVO o-ro Piedmont.

~'t"fjV U1tOAOL1t"fj hCXALCX 8cx U1tcXPSOUV CXPXE'tES OEXcXOES XLALcXOES CXU'tO(.LELW(.LEVWV AoyapLCXG(.LwV G'tLS 1tOAELS Tarento, Varese, MLAcXVO xoa PW(.L"fj. I'trx 'to MLAcXVO xm 't"fj PW(.L"fj, "fj (.L"fj EScX1tAWG"fj -cou xLv11(.La'tos ELvm cX(.LEGCX GUVOEOE(.LEV"fj (.LE 'to 'XCXALVcXPL' 1tOU E7tL~A118"fjXE a1to 't"fjv "fjYEGLCX 'twv E8vLXWV GUVOLXcX'tWV (XaL E(.L(.LEGCX CX1tO 'tCX 1tOALCLXcX xO(.L(.La'ta, LOLm'tEpws a1to 'to IKK). ~'to MLAcXVO,"fj CX1tO(.LOVW(.LEV"fj cXxpa CXpLG'tEpcX 1tE'tUXCXLVEL, 1tCXP' OA' cxu'tcx, vrx (.LELw8ouv 1tEPL1tOU 10.000 AoyapLCXG(.LOL.

H GUVaEG"fj (.LE'tCXSU EVOS apLG'tEpOU GUVOLXaALG(.LOU OXE'tLXcX cxu'tOVO(.LOU avcxcpopLXcX (.LE 'tLS GUVO(.LOG1tOVOLES, (.LLas cxxpCXS apw'tEpcXS Lxcxv11S vcx 7tLEGEL 'tcx GUVOLXcX'tCX xoa 'tLS ACX'r:XES 0PYCXVWGELS 1tOU AEL'tOUpyouv GE E1tL1tEOO YEL'tOVLcXS xm "fj 't07tLXn U1tOG'tnpLS"fj 'tou IKK: "fj xcx'tcXG'tCXG"fj G'tO TOPLVO WVO"fjGE 't"fjv CXVcX1t'tUS"fj cxu'tou -roo xw11(.La'tos.

AAAcX 0 LOLcXSWV Xcxpcxx't11pas 't"fjS 1tOALCLX11S xcx'tcXa'tCXGYjS 'twv GUVOLXcX'tWV o-ro TOPLVO ~pLGXE'tm E1tLG"fjS xm G't"fj pLScx 't"fjS a1to(.LovwG11S 'tou- EcXV 'to XLV"fj(.La G'tO TOPLVO EXEL U1tOOCXUALGEL XW11(.Lcx'tcx 1tCXpO(.LOLOU 'tU1tOU a't"fjv hCXALCX, xa8ws xoa [J.La G"fj[J.CXVCLXn o"fj[J.OaLCX GUS11't"fjG"fj, OEV n'tcxv 1tO'te Lxavo va GUYXWVEUGEL

10

('tLS) LOWAOYLXES xm 1tOALCLXES OUVcX(.LELS 1tOU (.L1topouGav va E7tL~cXAOUV 't"fjv 1tPW'to~ouALa 't"fjS aU'to(.LELwG"fjS wS (.LLa (.LOpcpn OpcXG"fjS 1tOU OL "fjYE'tES 'tWV E8vLXWV GUVOLXcX'tWV XCXL 'twv xO[J.[J.cX'tWV 8a E7tLXUpwvav.

IIoAw[J.EV"fj a1to'to[J.a a1to 't"fjv EX8po't"fj'ta 'tOU IKK XCXL a1to 'tLS E7tLCPUAcXSELS 'tWV GUVOLxaALa'twV-"fjYE'tWV, "fj (o"fj(.LoaLa, G.'t.[J..) avcL1tcxpcX8EG"fj CPEPVEL CXVCL[J.E'tW1tOUS, GE E8vLXO E1tL1tEOO, 'touS U1tOG't"fjPLX'tES xoa 'touS cxv'tL-1taAOUS 't"fjS cxmo[J.ELwG"fjS·

Dtrxv 'to IKK 1tCXLPVEL 8EG"fj YLCX 'to XL v"fj(.La 't"fjS cxmo(.LELwG"fjS, 'to XcXVEL YLa vcx CXGX11GEL xPLCLx11 o-ro 8cxppcxMo xapcxx't11Pcx cxu't11S 't"fjS (.LOpcp11S cxywvcx, 0 01tOLOS GE xa[J.La 1tEPL1t'tWG"fj OE GUVLa'tcX (.LLa (.LOpcp11 OpcXG"fjS 't"fjS Epycx'tLx11S 'tcXS"fjS (xEvcpLx11 8EG"fj, xm "fj 1tcxpaAAcxY11 't"fjS: OL EpycX'tES OEV 1tapcx.~cxLVOUV 'to vouo). H [J.OV"fj xa'tcXAA"fjA"fj (.LOpcp11 EPyCX'tLXOU cxywva dvm "fj CX1tEPyLCX. ~L<iCPOPE'tLXES (.LOpcpES1tcXA"fjS (.L1tOpOUV vcx Xcx60o"fjyouvcaL xm va ELVCXL EX[J.E'tCXAAEUaL(.LES (.Lovo a1to 't"fjv cxxpcx apLG'tEpcX, EL'tE P"fj'tcX xaL xa't"fjyop"fj(.LCX'tLXcX, EL'tE x&'tW CX1tO 't"fjv 'XcXAUtj>"fj' 'twv GUVOLXcX'tWV 't"fjS (ro CSL o-ro TOPLVO 11 o-ro MLAcXVO).

H EX8p0't"fj'tcx 'tou IKK OXE'tLXcX (.LE 'to XLV"fj[J.CX 't"fjS cxmo(.LELwGYjS a't"fjpLsE'tm GE Eva E7tLXELP"fj(.Lcx ~CXaLG(.LEVO a't"fjv CXVCLA"fjtJ>"fj 'tou KpcX'touS XaL 't"fjS 'o"fj(.LoaLas U1t"fjPEGLCXS': "fj amo[J.ELwG"fj xm"fj LOWAOYLCX 't"fjS 1tOALCLX11S CXVU1tCXX011S 1tOU au't11 (.L1tOpEL vcx 1tPOXCXAEGEL GE [J.LCX [J.cxsLx11 xAL[J.cxxa GU[J.~cXAAOUV o-ro vrx 'tOVLG'tEL "fj CX1tOGUV8EG"fj -cou KpcX'touS xm "fjXpLG"fj 'twv 8EG(.LWV -cou. ~E Eva 1tOALCLXO 1tAaLGLO 01tOU XcX8E OpcXG"fj CX1tO 'ta OESLcX 'tELVEL vrx EsaG8EVEL 'to Kp,cX'toS ("fj 'a'tpcx't"fjYLx11 't"fjS EVCaG"fjS' U1t0a't"fjpLX6"fjXE a1tO 't"fjV L-ccxALx11 CXXPOOESLcX), Eva

11

'1'E'1'OW xi'-.rtlIlO(, OE LikoAOYLXO E1tL1tEOO, 1l1t0PEL 1l0VO VO( OUVEWCPEPEL O'1'YjV 1tEPo(L'1'EPW El;o(OOEVYjO~ '1'OU ('1'OU Kp<X'touc;).

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o ArONAI: THI: EPrATIKHI: TAEHI: ENANTIA I:THN KPII:H: H AYTOMEIOI:H TON TIMON I:THN ITAAIA

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19

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EnITAXIN~H ~TI~ aOYAEIE~ NOIKOKYPIOY

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18

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H vEIX OU(1.CPWVLIX yLIX EVIX E8vLXO 1tIXXE'CO 1tIXPOXWV IXvaAoyo (1.E 'Co xomoe; OLIX~LWOYje;, 1tOU 1tEpLAa(1.~lXvE IXVIX8EWPYj(1.EVYj CPOpOAOYLIX yLIX 'Co OLXLIXXO YjAEX'CPLXO pEU(1.IX, IX1tO'CEAEaE EVIX OYj(1.IXV'CLXO ~~(1.1X IX1tEvlXV'CL O'CYj OLIXOLXIXOLIX EVow(1.a'CwoYje; -cov ouvoLxa'Cwv O'CO (1.YjXIXVLO(1.0 -cou xlXm'CIXALo'CLXOU xpa'Coue;. H E1tItX'CIXOYj 'CYje; AEL'COUpYLIXe; 'COUe;, -rou '1tlXslXpE(1.IX'Coe;', O'CYjV 1tOAmXa EXPYjX'CLX~ 1tEPWX~ 'CYje; ~lXaLX~e; xlX'ClXvaAwOYje; (1.E'CIX'CpE1tEL 'CIX ouvoLxa'ClX OE EVlXv XpLaL(1.0 OUVEPYO 'Cou XlXm'CIXALO'CLXOU axEOLIX0(1.0U. 'OXL (1.0VO ouvxIX80PLSOUV 'COue; (1.L080ue; Xat 'CYjV XIX'CIXVO(1.~ 'COUe;, IXAAa OUV-OLIXXELPLSOV'Cat Em1tAEov -rov 'CP01tO, (1.E -rov 01tOLO XPYjaL(1.01towuV'Cat OL (1.L080L, IXVlXcpopLxa (1.E 'CYjV XOLVWVLX~ xlX'ClXvaAwoYj.

Ex 'Cwv oo-repcov, Yj 1topdlX 'CYje; opaoYje; 'Cwv ouvoLxa'Cwv dXE aAAEe; oYj(1.IXV'CLXEe; OUVE1tELEe;, 1X1t0 'CYjv a1totjJYj 'CYje; OUVIX(1.LX~e; 'CouIXYwvlX. H E(1.1tAOX~ 'Coue; AEL'COUPYYjOE O'CIX 1tAIXLaLlX, IXcpEVOe; 'Cou OLIXXWPLO(1.0U 'Cwv IXPXLXWV IXU'COVO(1.wV XPLXWV IXva(1.EolX O'CLe; XLVYj'C01tOL~OELe; OE E1tL1tEOO EPYOO'CIXOLOU xoa OE E1tL1tEOO YEL'CovLae;, IXCPE'CEpou 'CYje; 1tpOO1ta8ELIXe; va Em~aAOUV "1X1t0 'CIX 1taVW" EVIX VEO OUVOEa(1.0, OLIXXELPLSO(1.EVIX (1.IXSL (1.E 'Co xpa'Coe; 'CLe; XatVoupLEe; cpOPOAOy~OELe; 'COU YjAEX'CpLXOU pEU(1.IX'COe; Xat 'CYjV IX1tOOOX~ 'Coue;. To YEyovoe;

22

o Bruno Ramirez ~rlXv evat; atto roue; ouvtcoctec; rou ne:plOolxOU ZERO WORK, oro ottoio carte ro apepo npwroor;fJ,ome:urr;xe: ro 1975.

23

AIIO TOY:!: TAEIKOY:!: ArONE:!: TOY AAIKOY KINHMATO:!: :!:THN ITAAIA

To xeiuevo aura ypaqJTYjxe ana rYjv Aotovous; };uvrovtortx~ Emrpon~ rou Ilooto-Maorxepa xca npwrooYjf1.omevrYjxe oro odr{o aVrtnAYjpocpoprWYjC; rou EAA, oro revxoc; -too Mcaoo 1975.

To 1969 ue ''CO '1;eo1:o q:>8LV01tWPO' aVOLSe a1:Yjv haALa evae; veoe; xuxAoe; aywvwv 1:Yje; epya1:Lx1je; 1:aSYje; XaL 1:0U 1tpoAe1:apLa1:ou, 1tOL01:LXa oLaq:>ope1:LXOe;, av XaL oe ouvexeLa [-le 1:Yjv 1tpoYjyou[-levYj L01:0pLa 1:WV 1:aSLXWV aywvwv (H'Yj xwpa am1j.

A1to 1:'Yj ouvoLaMay1j XaL 1:0Ue; oU[-l~L~ao[-lOUe; YLa a1tAee; aus1joeLe; [-lL08wv, 1tOU a[-leoa 1:Le; xa1:e1:pwye 0 1tA'Yj8wPLa[-l0e; 1tEpVa[-lE OE 1tL0 OUaLa01:LXOUe; 01:0XOUe; aywva 1tOU OX01tEUOUV va a1toq:>epouv [-lOVL[-la XaL oLyoupa xepo'Yj YLa 1:a oU[-lq:>epona XaL 1:Le; avayxEe; 1:WV Epya1:Wv.

A1to 1:Yj ~aaLx1j [-lOpq:>1j 1t(XA'Yje;, 1tOU 1j1:av OL OLa1tpaY[-la1:EUOELe; [-lE 1:a aq:>EnLxa, 1:WV E1tLO'Yj[-lWV oUVOLXaALa1:WV oo» '[-lEooAa~'Yj1:WV' XaL OL EAEYXO[-leVee; a1tEpYLEe; 1tEpVa[-lE 01:'Yjv a[-lEa'Yj OU[-l[-lE1:0X1j OE aywvee; 1:WV Epya1;o[-levwv. Arro 1:'Yjv LOEoAoYLa 1:'Yje; oouAeLae; XaL 1:'Yje; aya1t'Yje; YL' am1j 1tEpVa[-lE a1:'Yjv 1toAmx1j OU[-l1tEpLq:>opa 1:'YjC; apv'Yjo'Yje; xaL 1:'Yje; '[-lL08w1:1je;' EpyaoLae;, 1tOU eLVaL 'Yj ~ao'Yj 1:0U oUa1:1j[-la1:0e; 1:'Yje; EX[-lE1:aAAwo'Yje; xaL 1:'Yje; [-lL1;EpLae; 1:'Yje; xa8'Yj[-lEpLv1je; [-lae; 1;w1je;.

o veoe; xuxAoe; 1:WV aywvwv SExLva XaL 1tpow8EL1:aL, XaL 01..0 XaL 1tL0 1tAOUaLEe; [-lOpq:>EC; aywva 1tOU YEvvavE a1:'Yj ~aoYj 1:WV uALxwv avayxwv 1tOU exouv oAOL OL Epya1;o[-lEvOL. Movo 1tOU 1:wpa, [-lE 1:0V aywva 1:0Ue; OE 1;'Yj1:0UV [-lLa a1tA1j LXaV01tOL'YjO'Yj aL1:'Yj[-la1:wv a1to 1:a LOLa 1:a aq:>EnLxa, aAAa 1tpoo1ta80uv

24

NA lIAPOYN oAa ama lIOY· TOY~ ANHKOYN, 1tPOXEL1:aL 1tLa 0XL YLa OLa1tpaY[-la1:EUOELe; aAAa YLa TAEIKO lIOAEMO.

Meorx 0' aU1:0 1:0 veo XUXAO aywvwv enaOOE1:aL xaL 0 yevLxoe; [-la 1:000 ouyxEXpL[-leVOe; aywvae; YLa 1:'YjV AYTOMEm~H 1:0U XOO1:0Ue; 1:WV XOLVWVLXWV U1t'YjPEaLWV.

AYTOMEIO~H O1:a EvoLxLa 1:WV o1tmwv 1tOU OEV 1tpe1teL va eLVaL 1t'YJY1j xOAooaLaLwv XEPOWV xaL A'Yja1:ELWV EvanLa 01:0Ue; Epya1;o[-lEVOUe;, aAAa oLxaLW[-la YLa 1:0V xa8E epya1;o[-lEvo. Amo ouVOUa1;E1:aL XaL [-lE 1:'YjV xa1:aA'Yjlj>'Yj 1:WV oExaowv XLALaowv aOELwv oLa[-lEpLo[-la1:WV 1tOU 1:a xpceroov aOELa YLa va [-l'YjV 1teq:>1:ouv 1:a evoixt«, a1to 1:'YjV 1tAwpa 1:WV a01:EYwv 1j EXELVWV 1tOU 1;ouv 01:Le; 1tapaYXEe; opLo[-levwv OUVOLXLWV 1:WV [-lEYaAwv ~LO[-l'YjxavLxwv xevtpcov,

H aU1:o[-lELWO'Yj a1:a vOLxLa opL1;E1:aL YEvLxa 01:0 01:L 0 xa8evae; 1tA'YjpwvEL 1:0 10% 1:0U [-lL080u 1:0U YLa VOLXL.

AYTOMEIO~H 01:Le; 1:L[-lee; 1:WV OUYXOLVWVLWV, 1tOU oAoeva auSavonaL. ~' am1j 1:'Yjv 1tepL1t1:Wo'Yj 'Yj aU1:o[-leLwo'Yj q:>1:aVeL [-lEpLxee; <popee; xaL 1:0 100%, o1:av 1tpOXEL1:aL YLa [-lE1:aq:>opee; Epya1:WV a1to 1:a 01tL1:La 1:0Ue; 01:0 Epyo01:aOLO YLa oouAELa, XWPLS Xa[-lLa aAAYj XP'YjaL[-lQ-t'Yj1:a.

rEVLxa YLVE1:aL 1tpOO1ta8ELa YLa ouvoucxo[-lO 1:Yje; aU1:0[-lELWOYje; 01:Le; OUYXOLVWVLEe; xaL 1:Le; [-lE1:aq:>opee;, [-lE 1:0 01:0XO YLa avayvwpLo'Yj otxv EpyaaL(lou Xpovou, 1:0 Xpovo 1tOU 1tEPVOUV 01:OL~ay[-leVOL oa oapoEAEe; [-leoa O1:a OUYXoLvwvLaxa [-leoa xaL 1tOU 1tOLXLAAEL a1to 1 ewe; 5 wpee; 1:'Yjv 'Yj[-lepa.

AYTOMEIO~H ~TOY~ AOrAPIA~MOY~ ITOY AYEANONTAI ME TO ~KOITO NA MEIONOYN TON ITPArMATIKO MI~00 TON EPrAZOMENON

~1:0Ue; AoyapLao[-loue;YLa 1:0 q:>we; 'Yj aU1:o[-lELwo'Yj YLVE1:aL OE OUO E1tL1tEoa: a) aU1:o[-leLwo'Yj xa1:a 50%, 1tOU ~aaLxa 1tp01tayavoL1;E1:aL a1to 1:a oUVOLXa1:a 01:'Yjv 1tpOO1ta8ELa 1:0Ue; va SavaE1tL~aAouv 1:0V EAEYXo 1:OUe; a1:0 xLv'Yj[-la.

~) amo[-lELwo'Yj 1:e1:OLa 1tOU va 1tA'YjpwvEL 0 Epya1;o[-lEVoC; 1:'Yjv 'YjAex1:pLx1j EvepYELa 000 1:'Yjv 1tA'Yjpwvouv OL ~LO[-l'YjxavLEe;, o'YjAao1j 4 oExapEc;lKWH anL 2- 2,5 opaX[-lec;lKWH.

APXLOE 1j0'Yj OE [-lepLxee; OUVOLXLEe; 1:'Yje; PW[-l'Yje; 'Yj 1tpOO1ta8ELa YLa 1:Yjv aU1:o[-leLwo'Yj xaL 01:0 1:'YjAeq:>wvo, [-lE1:a 1:Le; 1:EAw1:aLEe; eSwq:>pEVLXEe; aus1jOELe; 1:WV 1:L[-lWV XaL 1:Le; 'xAo1tee; 1:WV [-le1:p'Yj1:wv' 1tOU 1tapa1:'Yjp1j8'Yjxav. H apv'YjoYj am1j o'Yj(laLveL, OE aAAEe; 1tEPL1t1:WOELe; apvYjo'Yj 1tA'Yjpw[-l1je; 1:'Yje; aUSYjo'Yje;, XaL OE aAAEe; apv'Yjo'Yj 1tA'YjpW[-l1je; oAou 1:0U AoyapLao[-lou, (lE 1:'Yjv 1tA'YjPW[-l1j [-lovo 1:0U '1taYLou' .

~1:'YjV LOLa xa1:Eu8uvo'Yj XLVOUnaL xaL OL 1tpOO1ta8eLee; YLa 1:'Yjv amO[-leLwo'Yj 01:0 yxa1;L, 1:'Yjv T.V. XA1t.

25

AYTOMEIQI:H I:TII: TIMEI: 18 EldON AIATPO<l>HI:

aywvas YLa TYIV au"wflELwaYj -CYjS -CLfl~S -cwv ELaL-CYjpLWV.

Au-c~ -CYjv av<xyxYj, YLa aywva XaL YLa opyavwaYj Yj a1tOUoaa-CLx~ opyavwaYj -CYjS 1tEpLOX~S 1tpoana6d v« 1tpOW6~aEL. Acpou flE-ca a1to -cpLa XPovLa aywva EOLWSE -couS cpaaLa-cES 1tOU AUflaLvov-cav -CYjv 1tEPLOX~, OAOXAYjPO au-co -ro Xpovo 1tpoa1ta6d va E1tESEpyaa-CEL xaL va [3aAEL a-coxous aywva OE OXEOYj flE -CYjv aflEaYj 1tpaYfla-CLx~ U1tEpaomoYj -cou flw60u.

H au-covoflLa -rcov aywvwv, Yj flaXYj-CLxo-CYj-ca XaL OL opyavw-CLxES flOpcpES 1tOU dVaL ma flEaa a-cYjV La-copLa -cou xLv~fla-cos a-cYjv 1tEPLOX~ -eou TL[30AL, oO~yYjaav o-CYj a-ca6Ep01tOLYjOYj XaL -CYjv avayvwpLoYj -CYjS Em-cp01t~S XaL -CYjS auvEAwoYjS -cou aywva oo» aflE-caxAYj-CES xa-cax-c~aELS. E1tLOYjS -cwpa flE -CYjv wxaLpLa -rou aywva YLa -CYjv au-coflELWOYj -cwv ELaL-CYjPLWV OL opyavw-CLxES flOPCPES 1t~pav 1tLO auyxExpLflEVO xapax-c~pa XaL Excppaa-cYjxav ae opyavw-CLx~ Lxavo-CYj-ca oLaflEaou -CYjS 'Em-cp01t~S aywva YLa -CYjv au-cofldwoYj -COU xoo-couS -CYjS OUyxOLvwvLas XaL -cwv flE-cacpopwv'.

To; xa6~xov-ca au-c~s -CYjS Em-cp01t~S ELVaL:

a) -CEXVLX~ 1tpoE-COLflaoLa -CYjS au-coflELWOYjS (xa-caoxw~ LOLaL-CEpwv e:LaL-CYJPLWV, flaSEfla XPYJfla-cwv xaL a1too-coA~ -couS o'tYJV ATAK - CPUaLX~ 1tapOUOLa a-CLS a-caaELS YLa U1tEpaomaYj a1to -cuXov aa-cuvoflLXES Em6EoELS). [3) 1tOAmX~ 1tpo1tayavoas -CYjS OAYjS oouAELas a-ca Epyoa-caaLa XaL -CLS

ye:L-COVLXESOUVOLXLES

y) 1tpOO1ta6ELa YLa E1tEx-caoYj -cou aywva a-cous Epya-CES -CYjS [30PELV~S SWvYjS , 1tOU OEV XLVOUV-CaL O-CLS ypaflflES -CYjS ATAK aAAa -CYjS STEFER.

To XPOVLXO -CWV ye:yovo'twv flas OdXVEL 1tWS au-cos 0 oPOflOS dVaLowa-coS.

OL oExaoES -cwv EAEyX-CWV -CYjS ATAK 1tOU flE-cacpEp6Yjxav YLa va Efl1tOOLaOUv -cov aywva, OEV fl1tOpEaaV 1tapa v« oLama-cwoouv -CYjv V-CE cpax-co xa-cao-caaYj. dEV fl1tOpEaaV v« xavouv flYjvuaELS 1tpaYfla 1tOU -couS -ro a1tayopEljJE Yj flaXYj-CLxo-CYj-ca XaL Yj XLVYj-C01tOLYjOYj.

Em1tAEOV acpou Yj ATAK OEV fl1topd vrx XLV~OEL -couS EAEYX-CES -CYjS, -co floVO 1tOU fl1topd va xavEL dVaL va SYj't~OEL -CYjv 1tAYjpwfl~ -CYje; oLacpopas a1to -rov xa6E -caSLoLw-cYj ([3aoEL -cwv ovoflaa-cLXwv xa-caAOywv 1tOU EXEL a1to -ca fl1tAOX -ELaL-c~pLa).

To 1tpaYfla au-co, 1tOU dVaL -CExvLxa floVO ouva-co, OEV dVaL ma 1tpaYfla-C01tOL~aLflO, YLa-CL [3E[3aLa xavds -caSLoLw-cYjS OE 6a oEX-cd va 1tAYjPWOEL floVOS -cOU, au-co 1tOU flaSL fle: OAOUS -cous aAAous xa-cax-CYjaE IlE aywva.

TEAOS, OL 1tpOa1ta6ELES EXcpo[3Laflou 1tOU YLVOV-CaL IJ-E -CYjv 1tapOUOLa 'twv ao-cuvollLXWV ouvaflEwv, oe 1tA~pYj Esap-cYjoYj flaXYjS, a-cYJv acpE'tYjpLa XaL oLacpopES a-caaELS OEV 1tEpVaVE, OU-CE XaL a-cafla-CYjaav (01tWS -ro ~AmC;;E Yj

ATAK) -cov aywva. .

I:E flLa ouvav-cYjoYJ -CYjS Em-cp01t~S flE -CYjv ATAK, au-c~ ESEcppaoE -CYjV 1tA~PYj ava1tocpaaLa-CLxo-CYj-ca -CYjS YLa -co -CL vrx xavEL. EfldS -CYj oUIl[3ouAEuoullE va oEX-cd -CYjv xa-caa-caaYj, YLa vrx flYj OEL -CYj oUOOWPWflEVYj ayavax-cYjoYj, yupw a1to au-co -ro -cooo flaSLxo 1tpo[3AYjfla, vrx SEa1taEL evovrtov -CYje;.

Twpa flaALa-ca 1tOU XaL OL LOLOL OL tpyaSollEvOL a-cYjv ATAK OUIlCPwVOUV XaL EVLOXUOUV amov -cov aywva, -cwpa flaALa-ca 1tOU XaL OL aAAOL Epya-CES -CYjS

27

IIpoXEL-CaL YLa [3aaLxa doYj oLa-cpocp~s (ljJWIlL, xpEas, -CUPL, saxapYj XA1t) 1tOU oLa-CL6Ev-caL a-CLS Y1tEpayopES -cpoCPLIlWV, XaL rcourrx -CEAw-caLa OUO XPovLa EXOUV aUSYj6d ESWcpPEvLxa IlE flovaoLxo a-coxo -CYj AYjo-cda -cou1tpaYfla-CLxou flL060u XaL -CYjv -cpollax-CLx~ ausYjoYj -cwv XEpOWV -cwv flEyaAwv [3LOflYjxavLwv.

<l>uaLxa OL aywvES au-coL YLa au-cofldwoYj SExLvYjoav IlEflovwflEva XaL XUPLWS 1tavw a-co 6Efla -cou AoyapLaollou -CYjS YjAEX-CPLX~S EVEpYELas XaL -rcov EVOLXLWV, a1to opLaflEvES OLXOYEVELES OE 1tEpLcpEpELaxES OUVOLXLES -CYjS PWflYjS, 1tpLV a1tO 3 XaL 1tapa1tavw XPovLa. I:~flEpa 0llwS EXOUV E1tEx-ca6d 1toM, 'toa~ a-cLS aVE1t-CUYflEVES [3LOflYjxaVLXES 1tOAELS, 000 XaL flEoa a-cYjV LOLa -CYj PWflYj, opLaflEva OE odYfla-ca apXLoav va EflcpaVLC;;OV'"taL XaL rrrov xa6ua-cEpYjflEVO XaL cp-cwxo voro (Na1tOAYj).

Ilepuorxv a1to 1tOAAES avooous xaL 1t-CWOELS - IlEPLXES CPOPES flaAw-ca mO-CEu-CYjXE 1tWS ESacpavLa-cYjxav. I:~flEpaoflwsmaEXOUV apxE-caa-ca6Ep01tOL Yj6d XL EXOUV '1tapayEL' aU-COL OL aywVES oYjflaV'tLx~ 'au-coopyavwoYJ' flaSL flE -CYJ OUVELOYJ't01tOLYJOYJ -CYJS avayxYJS YLa OAo rtto a1tocpaoLa'tLxo XaL ouvaflLxo aywva -cwv Aatxwv flaSwv XaL -cWV opyavwflEvwV -cous 1tPW-C01t0PLWV, EvaV'"tLa a-co aua-cYjfla -CYjS xam-caALa-cLx~S EXflE-caAAWOYjS xaL xa-ca1tLEGYjS. IIapaxa-cw OLVOUIlE 000 1tapaodyfla-ca a1to -co aUYXEXpLflEVO aywva YLa -CYjV au-cofldwaYj o-ro Tivoli (axpaLa ouvotxtrx -CYjS PWflYjS) xaL o-ro Porto-Margera, XEV-CPO -CYjS XYjflLX~S [3LOfl YjxavLas a-cYjv haALa.

TIBOAI: AYTOMEmI:H TOY EII:ITHPIOY

'HoYj a1to -CLS apXES -rou rEvapYj -rou '75 OL a1tOUoaa-cES -CEXVLXWV OXOAwv -CYjS 1tEpLOX~S, 1tOU flE-caxLvouV'"taL xa6YjflEpLVa,. EcpapfloSouv -CYjv au-cofldwoYj 50%, o-ca fl1tAOX ELOL-CYjPLWV (ELaL-c~pLa flaSEflEva YLa flLa [3ooflaoa) -CYjS ATAK (aV'"tLo-coLXYj E-CaLpLa OUYXOLVWVLWV, as 1tOUflE oo» -co OLXO flas EHI: ~ KTEA).

H au-cofldwoYj YLVE-CaL EvaV'"tLa a-cYj AYjo-CELa -cou flLa60u, EvaV'"tLa a-cYj [3LaLYj aV'"tE1tL6EaYj -cwv acpEV'CLxwV, flE a-coxo va [3pE6d flE OUYXEXPLflEVO -CP01tO Eva 1tpax-CLxo OYjfldo E1tacp~s -cou XOLVOU aywva flE -cOUS Epya-CES, 1tavw oe flLa 1tpaYfla-CLx~ -caSLx~ avayxYj Sw~S.

Au-c~ Yj 1tpw'to[3ouALa, a1tO -CYj flLa flEpLa dVaL flLa 1tpw-cYj 1tpaYfla-CLxo-CYJ-ca aywva 1tavw a-co a-coxo YLa AMEI:H IIPArMATIKH YIIEPAI:ITII:H TOY MII:00Y, XaL -cau-coxpova dVaL Eva OUYXEXPLflEVO 1tapaoELYfla aywva, YLa OAOUS au-cous 1tOU xa6YjflEpLva flE-caxLvouV'"taL AOyw -CYjS oouAELas -cOUS a' au-c~v -CYjV 1tEPLOX~.

Mero; -CLS oLaflap-cupLES EvaV'"tLa a-cLS acpopYj-CES auyxoLvwvLaxES auv6~xES, EvaV-CLa o-CYjv axpL[3ELa -cwv -CLflwV -cwv EWL-CYjPLWV 1tOU -CPWVE oYjflaV'"tLxo xOflfla-CL -cou flLa60u, flE-ca -CYjV 1tLO EVEPyYj-CLX~ oLallap-cupLa flE -ro fl1tAOXapLofla -rcov oPOflwv, EPXOV'"taL aU-CES OL 000 ouva-co-CYj-CES: d-CE OL oLa1tpaYlla-CEuoELS -cwv PECPOPflLa-cWV 1tOU ~SEpav 1tWS 1taV'"ta xa-caA~Youv a-co va flas SEYEAavE, ~ 0 26

TeEPWX~<; (TeOU "t'OC~LOEUOUV 2-5 WPE<; TfjV 'Yj[.l.EpOC) ocTeocpaaLoocv voc ECPOCp[.l.ooouv XOCL OCU"t'OL "t''Yjv ocu"t'o[.l.e:Lwo'Yj "t'wv ELaL"t''YjPLWV XOCL voc oPyocvwoouv EmTeAEOV -cov ocywvoc YLOC voc TeA'YjPWVOV"t'OCL "t'L<; WPE<; '[.I.E"t'occpopa<;' oo» WPE<; EPYOCOLOC<;.

H ENEL ('Yj L"t'OCALX~ dEH) Tepo<; -co TeOCpOV xpoc"t'a o"t'ao'Yj OCVOC[.l.ov~<;.

IIpoOTeoc6e:L cpuaLxa voc OTeaOEL -co [.I.E"t'WTeO -cou ocywvoc, O"t'EAVOV"t'OC<; XLALaoE<; Tepoowmxa OUO"t''Yj[.l.EVOC ypa[.l.[.I.oc"t'oc XOCL s'Yj"t'wV"t'oc<; "t''Yjv TeA'YjPW[.I.~ "t''Yj<;. oLoccpopa<; XOCL [.I.E"t'a aAAE<; XLALaoE<; OUO"t''Yj[.l.EVOC [.I.E "t''YjV 'OCTeOOELS'Yj "t''Yj<; OLoccpopa<; AOyOCpLOCO[.l.OU' YLOC TeA'YjPW[.I.~.

MEXPL O~[.I.EpOC O[.l.W<; OEV EXOUV YLVEL UTeOXWP~OEL<; OCTeO "t'OV ocyWVOC, TeOU OLacpopE<; TeOAL"t'LXE<; OUVa[.l.EL<; TeEpL[.I.EVOCV.

o ocywVOC<; YLOC "t''YjV OCU"t'O[.l.e:LWO'Yj, ETeELO~ OCXPL~W<; OCV"t'OCTeOXPL VE"t'OCL O"t'L<; a[.l.EOE<; UALXE<; ocvaYXE<; "t'WV EpyocSO[.l.EVWV XL ETeELO~ [.I.TeOpe:L VOC e:LVOCL VLX'YjCPOpO<; a[.l.EOOC, OEV TePOXEL"t'OCL VOC O"t'OC[.l.OC"t'~OEL OU"t'E OCTeO 'XOUpOCO'Yj', OU"t'E OCTeO "t'L<; OTeOLEOO~TeO"t'E "t'pO[.l.OXpOC"t'LXE<; EVEPYELE<; "t''Yj<; OCO"t'UVO[.l.LOC<; XOCL "t'WV OLXOCO"t'LXWV OCPXWV.

IIOPTO-MAPrKEPA:AYTOMEHlEH, KOMMOYNI~TIKH~ IIPAKTIKH~

ENA

NEO

EIIIIIELlO

~"t'0 IIop"t'o-MocpyxEpoc e:LVOCL ~o'Yj 8.000 OL OCU"t'O[.l.EWU[.I.EVOL AOYOCPLOCO[.l.OL 'YjAEX"t'PLX~<; EVEPYELOC<;. H Tepw"t''Yj Em"t'pOTe~, OE [.I.OCsLXO ETeLTeEOO, YEvv~6'YjXE o"t''Yjv TeEPLCPEPELOCX~ OUVOLXLOC "t'ou AYLOU Mapxou, OUVOLXLOC TeOU OCTeO XOCLpO TePOOTeOC60UOE VOC TePOW6~OEL "t'thOLOU e:Loou<; OCyWVE<;.

IIocpaAA'YjAoc YLVOV"t'OCL OCYWVE<; YLOC "t''Yj [.I.e:Lwo'Yj "t''Yj<; "t'L[.I.~<; "t'ou tJ>w[.I.wu (OE 'TeOAL"t'LX~ "t'L[.I.~' 5 OpOCX[.l.E<; -ro XLAO OCV"t'L YLOC 15 OpOCX[.l.E<; -co XLAO TeOU TeOUALE"t'OCL O'1'L<; YTeEPOCYOPE<; "t'pOcpL[.I.WV) XOCL aAAwv TeEPLTeOU 18 ELOWV OLOC"t'pOCP~<; Tepw"t''Yj<; ocvayx'Yj<;. ~UVEX~<; TepoTeocyavooc YL VE"t'OCL [.I.EOOC XOCL ESW OCTeO "t'OC XOC"t'OCO"t'~[.I.OC"t'OC [.I.E TePOX'YjpUSEL<; XOCL OUS'Yj"t'~OEL<;, YLVOV"t'OCL . [.I.TeAOXOCpLO[.l.OC"t'OC E[.I.TeOpW[.I.a"t'wv, Em(3aAAE"t'OCL [.I.LOC OCPXLX~ [.I.e:Lwo'Yj 12% OE OpLO[.l.EVOC OCTeO "t'oc 18 ocyoc6a.

TocU"'C'oXpovoc OL Epya"t'E<; TeOU [.I.E"t'OCXLVOUV"t'OCL XOC6'Yj[.l.EpLva YLOCVOC cp"t'aoouv 0'1'0 Epyoo"t'aow (50 XA!i), apXLoocv ocywvoc Teavw O"t'L<; "t'L[.I.E<;' "t'wv ELaL"t''YjPLWV XOCL Em~aAAocvE "t'L[.I.~ "t'ou [.I.'YjVLOCLOU ELOL"t''YjPLOU 150 TeEPLTeOU OpOCX[.l.E<; OCV"t'L YLOC "t'L<; Teavw OCTeO 500 TeOU TeA'YjpWVOCVE. ~' ocu"t'~v "t''Yjv TeEPLTe"t'WO'Yj "t'o ouvoLxa"t'o "t''Yj<; TeEPWX~<; Ilopro- I'xpouapo, 0PYOCVWVEL XOCL ocu"t'o OCTeO "t''Yjv TeAWpa -cou "t''Yjv ocU"'C'O[.l.e:Lwo'Yj "t''Yj<; "t'L[.I.~<; "t'wv ELOL"t''YjpLWV.

M« -ro SEXLV'Yj[.l.OC [.I.LOC<; TePW"t'0(30UALOC<; OE [.I.OCSLXO ETeLTeEOO ~p6E

XOC"t'W6ELOCV [.I.EOOC OCTeO "t'o Epyoo"t'aow.

Eow 'Yj 6EA'YjO'Yj v« [.I.'Yj OEX"t'OUV OL Epya"t'E<; "t''Yjv OCUS'Yjo'Yj "t'wv "t'L[.I.WV YLOC "t'L<; XOLVWVLXE<; UTe'YjpE:aLE<;, OUYXEXPL[.I.EVOTeOL~6'YjXE [.I.E "t''YjV TeA'YjPW[.I.~ "t'WV 'AOyOCPLOCO[.l.WV' 'YjAEX"t'PLX~<; EVEPYELOC<; O"t'L<; TeOCALE<; "t'L[.I.E<;. ME"t'a OCTeO OCU"t'~V "t''YjV TePW"t'O~OUALOC 0 OUYXEXPL[.I.EVO<; OCU"t'O<; ocyWVOC<; ypYjyopoc ETeEX"t'a6'YjXE XOCL O'1'OC aAAOC EpyOO'1'aaLOC "t''Yj<; TeEPWX~<; XOCL "t'L<; OUVOLXLE<; "t''Yj<; TeOA'Yj<;, cp"t'avoV"t'oc<; [.I.EXPL XOCL "t''Yj BEVE"t'LOC. ~Yj[.l.EpOC e:LVOCL 8.000 ~o'Yj OL OCU"'C'O[.l.EWU[.I.EVOL AOyOCpLOCO[.l.OL.

To ouvoLxa"t'o UTe0XpEw6'YjXE voc ocxoAou6YjOEL OCU"'C'E<; "t'L<; TePW"t'O~OUALE<;, TepoOTeoc6wV"t'oc<; "t'ocU"'C'0Xpovoc O[.l.w<; VOC XOC[.l.'YjAWOEL -ro ETeLTeEOO TeOU ESECPPOCSE o ocywvoc<;. ~"t''Yjv TeEPLTe"t'WO'Yj "t''Yj<; OCU"'C'O[.l.e:LWO'Yj<; "t'wv ELaLTI1PLWV EmXe:Lp'YjoE XOCL EmXELpe:L voc "t'L<; TeapEL 'UTe' w6uv'Yj' "t'OU, YLOC"t'L TePOOTeOC6EL VOC OCTeOX"t'YjOEL [.I.EYOCAU"t'Ep'tJ OLOCTepocYfloc"t'W"t'LXYj ouvoc[.l.'Yj. T'Yj OLOCTePOCY[.l.OC"t'EU"'C'LX~ ocU"'C'~ O[.l.w<; ouvoc[.l. 'Yj OXOTeEUEL VOC "t''Yj XP'YjOL[.I.OTeOL YjOEL [.I.ovo XOCL [.I.OVO YLOC VOC [.I.E"t'OC"t'pEtJ>EL "t'L<; OUYXOLVWVLE<; OCTeO LOLW"t'LXE<; (LOLOX"t''YjOLOC<; "t'wv OCCPEV"t'LXWV o"t'oc Epyoo"t'aaLoc) OE O'Yj[.l.O"t'LXE<;, XOCL 0XL YLOC VOC EXTeA'YjPWOEL OE [.I.OVL[.I.'Yj (3ao'Yj "t''Yjv OCTeOCL"t''YjO'Yj "t'wv EPYOC"t'WV YLOC [.I.ELW[.I.EVO ELaL"t'~pW.

~"t'o [.I.E"t'OCSU XOCL 'Yj ELOOCYYEALOC "t''Yj<; BEVE"t'LOC<; apXLoE "t''Yjv ETeLeEO'Yj. ESEOWOE EVOC Tepw"t'o EV"t'OCA[.I.OC OUAA'YjtJ>'Yj<; YLOC EVOC OUVOLXOCALO"t'~ TeOU [.I.E"t'e:LXE EVEpY'Yj"t'Lxa O'1'ou<; OCYWVE<;, [.I.E "t''YjV XOC"t''YjYOPLOC O"t''Yj (3ao'Yj "t'OU CPOCaLO"t'LXOU KWOLXOC POXXO, 'TePOXA'YjO'Yj [.I.LOOU<; OCVa[.l.Eooc O'1'L<; "t'aSEL<;'.

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