You are on page 1of 2

MAPPING THE BRAIN- ANSWER KEY

1. This is a diagram of the left side of the brain.


Left side functions: The left hemisphere controls touch and movement of the right side of the body,
vision in the right half of the visual field, comprehension and production of speech, reading ability,
mathematical reasoning, and a host of other abilities.
Right side functions: The right hemisphere controls touch and movement of the left side of the
body, vision in the left half of the visual field, visual-spatial ability, map-reading, art and music
appreciation, analysis of nonverbal sounds, and a host of other abilities.
2. The front of the brain is on the left side of the diagram; the back of the brain is on the right.
3. The cerebrum is the sum of the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes. The cerebellum is
labelled on the diagram above.
The cerebrum is responsible for higher forms of thinking, including a variety of specific abilities
described under motor cortex, visual cortex, somatosensory cortex, and auditory cortex. The
cerebral cortex also contains vast association areas, whose specific functions are poorly defined but
may include reasoning and decision making, planning appropriate behaviour sequences, and
knowing when to stop. The limbic system, which appears to be strongly involved in regulating
emotions, is also part of the cerebrum.
The cerebellum aids in the sense of balance and motor coordination.
4. The frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes are labelled on the diagram above.

5. The motor cortex is labelled on the diagram above. The motor cortex in each hemisphere controls
movements on the opposite side of the body.
6. The visual cortex is labelled on the diagram above. The visual cortex in each hemisphere receives
information from the visual field on the opposite side.
7. The auditory cortex is labelled on the diagram above. The auditory cortex is responsible for
processing sounds.
8. The somatosensory cortex is labelled on the diagram above. The somatosensory cortex on each side
receives information about touch, joint position, pressure, pain, and temperature from the opposite
side of the body.
9. Brocas and Wernickes areas are labelled on the diagram above.
Brocas area is often referred to as the motor speech area. It is responsible for our ability to carry
out the movements necessary to produce speech.
Wernickes area is often referred to a sensory speech area. It is mainly involved in comprehension
and planning of speech.
10. Neurons would be found all over the drawing. (The brain is made up of billions of neurons.) Each
neuron is very tiny compared to the size of the brain, so no single neuron would be visible to the
naked eye in a drawing at this scale. The cell bodies of the largest neurons in the brain are about
1/20 of a millimeter in diameter!
11. The brain stem is labelled on the diagram above. Different parts of the brain stem are involved in
regulation of sleep and wakefulness, dreaming, breathing, heart rate, and attentional processes.