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Coir is defined as a natural fiber which is being extracted from the husk of coconut. It is used widely in products
such as floor mats, doormats and brushes. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, outer coat and
internal shell of a coconut. Coir is very identical to peat in appearance. It has range color of light to dark brown and
consist of particles in range from 0.2-2.0 mm. Coir has the following properties; which it is spongy, and it has short
fiber (<2mm) around to 2-13%.

Coir strongly absorbs liquids and gases. This property is due to its honeycomb structure. It is also
hydrophilic, which means it attracts water. The moisture will spread evenly on the surface of
coir. Capillarity is the most essential part in building an effective vertical drain. It is the property
in which enable the water to be drawn from soil. Capillarity is needed to distribute the water in
soil evenly, and hence, indirectly increase its shear strength. In this way, capillarity will influence
the maximum rate of water being discharged out from the soil.
Bamboo is the popular building material which grows in the Southeast Asian region, including
Malaysia. It has widely being used as material in traditional construction. Bamboo also has being
implemented in consolidation soil.
Bamboos are extremely strong and durable. It has higher compressive strength than many
mixtures of concrete. Even though bamboo is strong and able to withstand load, but it does not
have water attraction property, hydrophilic. This is where, the coir will plays an important part in
withdrawing the water out from the soil.
One of the most common method in ground improvement is prefabricated vertical drain
(PVD). PVD is any prefabricated material or any product that is being made from the synthetic
filter jacket surrounding a plastic core. It is being manufactured in 200-300 m rolls.
Economic factors in Malaysia nowadays have require the civil engineers to apply their
engineering knowledge to produce a method that is effective as well as economical. The bamboo
and coir can be used as the material to develop the new material for vertical drain.


6mm diameter of holes is being made to increase the rate of water intake from the soil. jute threads and jute fabric. and its center is being filled up with the coconut coir wicks.The materials that is being used are bamboos. so that coconut coir does not come out easily from the bamboo split. about 40mm diameter each. coconut coir strands. The bamboo is then being tied up with the jute thread about 3mm diameter along its length and then being wrapped with a layer of thickly jute fabric. The galvanized iron also being used to increase the wrapping strength. Figure 1: Elevation of Coconut Coir Drain Figure 2: Cross section . The bamboo is being split.

Figure 3: Complete elevation figure of Coconut Coir Drain .