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The Gospel of Mark

NT352 Fall 2016
Disciples in His Kingdom
Mark 9:30-50

Servants in the 

Kingdom 30-37
• Teaching Disciples about Suffering 30-32
● He wanted privacy to instruct disciples about God’s redemption plan
● “Son of Man” = messianic title of divinity and humanity (Dan 7:13-14)
● He is the unique one – dual nature of humanity and divinity (7:13)
● He is the One who with dominion in an everlasting kingdom (7:14)

● The messiah did come first to deliver but from sin not political powers
● The disciples did not understand about the resurrection

Servants in the 

Kingdom 30-37
• Progressive revelation from Genesis to Rev – i.e.
● Genesis 3:15 = the basic promise of the “seed” who will crush the serpent
●Deut 8:15 = God will send another prophet like Moses (Jesus)
● Isaiah 9:6-7 = presents the king born in line of David, mighty God
● Isaiah 53:11 = the suffering servant who takes our iniquities
● Psalm 22 = the crucifixion in detail – cited by Jesus on cross (Mk 15:34)
●Psalm 16:10 = prophesies the resurrection of Messiah
● Mark 9:30-32 = Jesus states it clearly here (and elsewhere)
● Acts 13:34-39 = later on, Paul explains this resurrection to the Jews

Servants in the 

Kingdom 30-37
• Teaching Disciples about Servanthood 33-37
● In the house Jesus asked for a confession to further teach them
● The disciples were silent under conviction for their selfish ambition
● If anyone wants to be first, let him be last of all and servant of all?
● Jesus declared himself the last of all by being servant of all! (Mark 10:45)
● Jesus takes a child in his arms - what is the object lesson?

Unity in the
Kingdom 38-41

Teaching on Unity 38-41
● They tried to stop a man who was not part of their group – lessons?
● Can’t stop it if it’s a genuine work of God – “not follow us?” (Acts 5:38-39)
● This man was succeeding where they had recently failed (Mk 9:18)

● Mighty work = authenticity is proven in power and truthfulness of action
● Jesus said not to stop the man but also did not say to join the man
● Cup of cold Water rewarded – not fragmented, how is this connected?

Stumbling vs. Salting in 

the Kingdom 42-50

The Severity of Stumbling 42-48
●Millstone = stumbling others is a terrible responsibility before God

Notice the
massive size of
this millstone
with the post in
the middle. A
person would
push the
horizontal beam
or a donkey
would be yoked
to it and would
pull it and circle
around the mill.

Stumbling vs. Salting in 

the Kingdom 42-50
●“These little ones” = actual children or the disciples?
●Better to cut off a limb = context of stumbling little ones

Stumbling vs. Salting in 

the Kingdom 42-50

The Saltiness of Salt 49-50
●Salted with fire = over a dozen interpretations
●Losing saltiness = the flavor of Christ has been diminished

A major commodity
for ancient
settlements in the
area, the salt that
crystalizes out of
the waters of the
Dead Sea was
regularly gathered
and traded to other
parts of the Levant
for use as
seasoning, in the
preservation of
food and in Temple
offerings (Leviticus
2:13).

Collecting
salt from
the lagoon
at the
Dead Sea

At the
lagoon of
the Dead
Sea,
loading salt
onto
donkeys.
Picture
taken circa
1910

The Gospel of Mark
NT352 Fall 2016
Disciples in His Kingdom
Mark 9:30-50

The Gospel of Mark
NT352 Fall 2016
Jesus is Questioned
Mark 10:1-52

Jesus and the 

Pharisees 1-12
▪ Jesus is Asked about Divorce 1-12
▪ Jesus is ready to teach a listening crowd that contrasts disingenuous Pharisees
▪ Goal = pit Jesus as liberal against Moses or conservative against Herod (Mt 19:9)
▪ Moses “regulated” divorce but did not encourage or command it (Deut 24:1-4):
▪ The certificate of divorce was for indecency (‫ עְֶרוַ֣ת‬- nakedness)
▪ The certificate of divorce was to hinder divorce not encourage it
▪ The certificate of divorce was to protect women as not adulterous

▪ Two interpretations of Deuteronomy (conservative and liberal) – like today:
▪ Shammai – moral uncleanness [Mary and Joseph (Mt 1:18-25)]
▪ Hillel – for any reason at all, nagging or bad cook (Matt 19:3)

Jesus and 

the Public 13-31
▪ Jesus is Asked to Bless the Children 13-16
▪ Parents would often bring children to the Rabbis for a blessing
▪ Disciples didn’t think the children were important enough to bother Him
▪ Children have a spiritual capacity and are open to the things of God

Jesus and 

the Public 13-31
▪ Jesus is Asked about Salvation 17-31
▪ Jesus hints at the answer with a question “why call me good?”
▪ Jesus identifies the man’s problem – he loved his possessions
▪ What commandment did this man violate?
▪ No one who has left house and lands for gospel = we get the better deal!

Jesus and 

His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection 32-34
▪ They were amazed and others were afraid – 2 emotions / 2 reasons:
▪ Amazed at teaching he just gave – so inverted to world’s philosophy
▪ Afraid to head to Jerusalem – Jesus said his death awaited there

▪ Delivered over to Gentiles in Jerusalem – the most explicit in gospels

Jesus and 

His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus is Asked for High Positions 35-45
▪ Not mindful of what God was doing but seeking own glory
▪ They don’t know what they are asking yet are confident they can do it
▪ The other ten heard it and were angry with James and John – why?

Jesus and 

His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus is Asked for Mercy 46-52
▪ He came to Jericho and as he left he was approached by Bartimaeus

Jesus and 

His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus is Asked for Mercy 46-52
▪ Bartimaeus knew Jesus the Nazarene was the Son of David!
▪ This healing of the blind and the other in 8:22-26 may be bookends?

The Gospel of Mark
NT352 Fall 2016
Jesus is Questioned
Mark 10:1-52