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Much debate surrounds the true methodology behind the construction of the Great Pyramids of

Giza. Many logical and well-thought out theories have been proposed, as well as completely
asinine proposals. Frankly, there has been Egyptologists that have proposed pieces to methods
that could have been used, however they have not stated a step-by-step process to which the
pyramids were built.
Some theories have claimed that over half a million people were needed to build these massive
structures and no less people would have even made sense. However, the Egyptians of the
Middle Kingdom used their access to the nature. The first endeavor of constructing the pyramids
was the transportation of the stone blocks to the location of the pyramids. This point is often
overlooked because we tend to think only of the final structure and how they were stacked. But
the blocks have to get there somehow right? The most plausible mechanism of this was simple
yet so elegant. Before the flood seasons workers would carve the stone blocks out of the quarries
of the Nile and place them in wooden boats. The waiting game began. When the Nile flooded it
would lift the boats into their waters where the men would sail the boats to the opposite side of
the river and come close to the base of the pyramids. During the Middle Kingdom threedimensional analysis of the current terrain shows the another channel of the Nile that leads to the
base of the pyramids. This theory presents the least amount of effort by the people, which must
be accounted for because most people were farmers and could not take off time during the
farming season.
Much of the stereotypical thinking of the construction of the Great Pyramids leaves us with the
evil emperor having slaves hauling blocks for days on end with men whipping them from behind.
Recent research has proven otherwise with a more logical sense. For one, Egypt is located in the
Sahara desert, which does not exactly have the best conditions for labor. Secondly, the weather in
ancient Egypt was hot and dry year-round and this constant employment of people for days on
end would have diminished the population of Egypt so greatly that the finishing touches of the
pyramids would not have occurred.
Considering the conditions of the weather and the comparatively small population of ancient
Egypt, they would need an efficient block transportation scheme to elevate the blocks. Much of
the theories surrounding the actual construction involve constructing a ramp, or a series of ramps
where the blocks would be hauled up them. This makes absolutely no sense. Why would a
supposedly extremely intelligent civilization choose one of the most inefficient methods of
construction? Constructing a larger ramp, or ramps, would have increased the amount of material
by three. With an already small pool of material to pull from this puts enormous limitations on
the plausibility of this theory. Secondly, the topography of the desert lessens the plausibility due
to the changes in elevation of the sand dunes and the fluid-like foundation of sand.
A more realistic method of construction is the theory of using levers to elevate each individual
stone block. This method would have drastically decreased the amount of supplies needed in
comparison to the other proposed theories. The technology would have included a team of four
using two levers on both sides of the pyramids and using a fulcrum and inserting a wooden block
to hold the stone in place. This would be repeated until the stone was placed in the desired
location. Utilizing this method would not only decrease the amount of material required, it would

lessen the amount of people needed. Thus it would enable for the construction of the pyramids as
well as the economy of the surrounding ancient Cairo area to function.
Clearly, the most economically and environmental feasible theory is the use of levers and
fulcrums to construct the pyramids. Any other theory does not present the most logical use of
materials and people and can be ignored. This theory may not have the evidence, but it makes the
most logical sense and as we explore and delve deeper into the culture of Egypt I am sure that
more evidence backing this theory will arise.