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Jesus and 


His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection 32-34
▪ They were amazed and others were afraid – 2 emotions / 2 reasons:
▪ Amazed at teaching he just gave – so inverted to world’s philosophy
▪ Afraid to head to Jerusalem – Jesus said his death awaited there

▪ Delivered over to Gentiles in Jerusalem – the most explicit in gospels

Jesus and 

His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus is Asked for High Positions 35-45
▪ Not mindful of what God was doing but seeking own glory
▪ They don’t know what they are asking yet are confident they can do it
▪ The other ten heard it and were angry with James and John – why?

Jesus and 

His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus is Asked for Mercy 46-52
▪ He came to Jericho and as he left he was approached by Bartimaeus

Jesus and 

His Kingdom 32-52
▪ Jesus is Asked for Mercy 46-52
▪ Bartimaeus knew Jesus the Nazarene was the Son of David!
▪ This healing of the blind and the other in 8:22-26 may be bookends?

The Gospel of Mark
NT352 Fall 2016
Jesus is Questioned
Mark 10:1-52

The Triumphal Entry
Mark 11:1-26

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016

The Triumphal 

Entry 1-11
▪ Mount of Olives 1-3
▪ Why is the Mount of Olives so significant here and in Eschatology?
▪ Jesus’ interactions at the Mount of Olives has special significance:
▪ Jesus announces destruction (Titus) of Jerusalem and weeps (Lk 19:41-44)
▪ Jesus gave apocalyptic instruction on the end times from here (Matt 24:3)
▪ Jesus ascended to heaven from here and will return to here (Acts 1:9-11)

▪ Why did the colt need to be one never sat on before? Four major reasons:
▪ Custom that only unused animals were appropriate for sacred use
▪ This is fulfillment of prophecy regarding Zion’s king (Zec 9:9)
▪ Symbol of peace – came in humility to offer peace with God by the cross
▪ Second coming on white horse to make war and judge (Rev 19:11)

The Triumphal 

Entry 1-11
▪ Day of Visitation 4-11
▪ They found it all just as Jesus had said and gave the answer He instructed
▪ The crowd worships as Israel’s hope enters with royal welcome (2 Kgs 9:13)
▪ Jesus visits the temple to inspect it before cleansing it in divine zeal

The Fig Tree and the 

Temple 12-26
▪ Jesus Curses the Fig Tree 12-14
▪ This is problematic for some scholars = easily understood as a living parable
▪ Jesus (God) was hungry for fruit from his fig tree (Israel) = finds only leaves
▪ Context = Jesus just went to the temple and found only “leaves” (v.11-12)
▪ Not the season for the full fig but leaves mean its edible buds are present

Jesus was seeking
fruit in April, the
month of Passover,
when fig trees
would have been
blossoming.

The Fig Tree and the 

Temple 12-26
▪ Jesus Purges the Temple 15-19
▪ Second time in the temple in two days – earlier found it lacking (Mk 11:11)
▪ Temple business was lucrative for Scribes and Pharisees = burdened people
▪ Cleansing temple His 2nd messianic act this week = prophetic (Mal 3:1-3)

The Fig Tree and the 

Temple 12-26
▪ The Withered Fig Tree 20-26
▪ Disciples are surprised at the destruction and what seems to be so sudden
▪ The lesson on faith is more “incidental” than connected to the tree

The Triumphal Entry
Mark 11:1-26

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016

Jesus in the Temple, Part One
Mark 11:27-12:27

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016

Authority of 

Jesus Challenged 27-33
• Jesus is Challenged 27-28
• The components of the Sanhedrin who were hostile to Jesus and Apostles:
• Chief priests represented the people before God, offered sacrifices
• Scribes – teachers (lawyers, experts) and transcribed Old Testament
• Elders – originally 70 (Moses) – their traditions became superior to Torah

• They challenge his authority over what He has done in Jerusalem this week

Authority of 

Jesus Questioned 27-33
• Religious Leaders Questioned 29-33
• Is John’s baptism from heaven or from man (God’s authority or own following)?
• They did not discuss what would be right or true but what was safe
• These leaders did not truly lead – they followed the approval of the public = Trap!

Parable of 

the Vineyard 12:1-12
• The Vineyard of God 1
• N.B. Archeologists have found records of such disputes with this scenario
• Old Testament typology that clearly refers to God and Israel (c.f. Is 5:1-7)
• Land Owner – the Lord who labored to plant them in the land
• The vineyard – Israel the people, placed in the land
• Tenants – Religious leaders (all of which are after Him)

• Servants sent to verify and collect the fruit of the vineyard = beaten and killed:
• Elijah was forced into the desert (1 Kings 19:1-10)
• Isaiah sawn in two (Heb 11:37; The Martyrdom of Isaiah 5:1ff)
• Zechariah stoned to death by the altar (2 Chron 24:20-22)

Vineyard
Vineyard
near the Tel
of Lachish.

WATCHTOWER

A watchtower
in the hills of
Samaria.

Parable of 

the Vineyard 1-12
• The Son of God 6-12
• With all the mistreatment of his servants, God shows mercy by sending the Son
• Destroy the tenants and give the vineyard over to Gentiles – AD 70 to Rome
• Knowing the parable is about them (v.12), they still try to kill the Son

Religious Leaders 

Come to Trap 13-27
• Paying Taxes to Caesar 13-17
• Pharisees and Herodians sent to catch him off guard in his words and trap him
• Note the qualities they acknowledge about Jesus - true of Him but not true of them
• With the question on taxes, the Pharisees and Herodians pretend to have a dispute
• Jesus makes his point with a denarius – notice he didn’t have a denarius to use!
• They understood that the coins were “property” of the one whose image they bore

(top) Silver
denarius with a
portrait of the
Roman emperor
Tiberius
(A.D. 14-37).

(bottom) A coin
depicting the
emperor Nero
(A.D. 54-68).

Religious Leaders 

Come to Trap 13-27
• Marriage in the Resurrection 18-23
• Sadducees were liberal theologians and part of Sanhedrin but only accepted Torah
• They refer to the Torah for a very unique scenario - levirate law (Deut 25:5-10)
• This question had stumped Pharisees for years – imagine disciples’ interest now!

Religious Leaders 

Come to Trap 13-27
• God of the Living 24-27
• Note two reasons for their grave error (lit. wandered far off) – usually these:
• They do not know the scriptures – what God has said
• They do not know the power of God – what God has done and can or will do

• Neither marry nor are given in marriage but are like the angels in heaven – what?
• This does not mean angels are or we will be genderless as some assume
• Marriage state does not continue after resurrection – no procreation

• Jesus goes to Moses and the bush (Exodus 3:6) = Sadducees only used Torah

Jesus in the Temple, Part One
Mark 11:27-12:27

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016