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Jesus in the Temple, Part Two

Mark 12:28-44

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016

Jesus One on One with
a Sincere Scribe 28-34
• The Scribe asks for the Single Greatest Command 28
• This question does not appear to be a trap for Jesus
• Scribes systematically divided the Torah into categories
• Similar question but different answer from Hillel (ca. 40 b.c.–a.d. 10)

Jesus One on One with
a Sincere Scribe 28-34
• Jesus Answers with Two “Greatest Commands” 29-31
• Scribe asked for one but Jesus gave two (Deut 6:5; Lev 19:18) = why?
• Remarkably Jesus declared Israel’s neighbor as EVERYONE (Lk 10:30-37)

Jesus Speaks with 

a Scribe 28-34
• The Scribe Agrees with Jesus 32-34
• Unique occasion when a scribe responds favorably to Jesus
• Jesus declares this Scribe is near to the kingdom of God – why?
• His agreement with the supreme commands indicates intention to obey it
• His receptivity to Jesus as a Rabbi and to his teaching indicates he is near

Scribe at work

An orthodox Jewish
scribe in Jerusalem
transcribing the Torah
on parchment (The
Matson Collection, The
Episcopal Home)
Norman L. Geisler and
William E. Nix, A General
Introduction to the Bible,
Rev. and expanded.
(Chicago: Moody Press,
1986), 348.

Jesus Teaches 

Again in the Temple 35-44
• Christ the Son of David 35-37
• Rabbinical teaching technique included questioning – active learning!
• Jesus quotes Ps 110:1 = the Christ who will govern Israel
• Jesus’ makes them think – how can David say “my Lord” (‫?)לַֽאֹדנִ֗י‬

Jesus Teaches 

Again in the Temple 35-44
• Scribes and the Praise of Men 38-40
• Their ministry was largely self-serving in recognition and special benefits
• Jesus makes a condemning list of their character and practices:
• Long white robes = to be noticed as separate from others, seen from distance
• Greetings in market (public exposure) = special titles of rabbi, master, father
• Best seats in synagogue and feasts = seats of honor with rich (special treatment)
• Devour widows houses = rich from ministry (greatest act to give to a Scribe)
• Pretense of long prayers = during prayer call to appear spiritual and godly

Jesus Teaches 

Again in the Temple 35-44
• A Widow as the Figure of Worship 41-44
• Jesus strategically chose to sit down opposite the treasury to teach this
• The widow gave less compared to others yet her offering was greater - why?
• She gave freely – a spontaneous expression of thanksgiving (true worship)
• She gave sacrificially – small portion to others but it cost her much
• She gave believing – nothing left, she trusted God would take care of her

A horde of lepta and
a terra cotta jar in
which they were
found.

Picture from David E.
Garland, “Mark,” in
Matthew, Mark, Luke (vol. 1
of ZIBBCNT, ed. Clinton E.
Arnold; Accordance
electronic ed. 4 vols.; Grand
Rapids: Zondervan, 2002),
276.

Jesus Teaches 

Again in the Temple 35-44

• The Lord sits and observes us too in our worship, service and heart of giving
• Money is not the only way to give – what other ways can we give?
• Attitude – gladly or begrudgingly
• Quality – best or worst
• Obedience – trusting God even when it is difficult
• Consecration – God has all of me? Where my treasure is, my heart follows (Mt 6:21)

Jesus in the Temple, Part Two
Mark 12:28-44

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016
Mark 13:1-37
Jesus and the End Times

JESUS PREDICTS THE TEMPLE’S
DESTRUCTION 1-4
• The Majesty of the Temple will not Last 1-4
• One of the seven wonders of the Roman world
• Jesus predicts the destruction of this great sight = fulfilled in AD 70 by Titus

The Temple
mount was
visible from
most views
in and
around
Jerusalem.

This view shows
the centrality of
its location,
with portions of
the original
structure
around the
Dome of the
Rock.

Note the size
contrast

JESUS ANSWERS WITH
WARNINGS 5-13
• Be Ready for Deception and Destruction 5-8
• His first answer for the last days is about great deception
• His second answer is about great destruction

JESUS ANSWERS WITH
WARNINGS 5-13
• Be Ready for Persecution and Preaching 9-13
• Jewish persecution against Jewish believers (beaten in synagogues)
• The Spirit will guide the witness in the courts - no need to worry what to say
• What are some of the types of persecution the church faces in our time?



Psychological – education institutions
Legislative – church losing freedom for employee selection, weddings, messages
Social – believers being despised (partly own fault for behavior)
Physical – Saeed was one example of many

• Those who persevere by the grace of God will prove to be children of God

JESUS EXPLAINS THE EVENTS OF
THE LAST DAYS 14-37
• The Abomination of Desolation 14-23

• Understood as a sinful act causing temple to be abandoned (Dan 9:27)
• Past fulfillment of Daniel = Antiochus Epiphanes (statue of Zeus and brothel)
• Near fulfillment = Romans in AD 70 entered holy of holies and took items
• Distant fulfillment = probably with man of lawlessness (2 Thess 2:1–12)

• False christs and prophets = false saviors and spokesmen (Isa 30:8-11)
• Up to verse 18, the context fits perfectly with what took place in AD 70

REMAINS OF
THE ROMAN
DESTRUCTION
OF JERUSALEM

JESUS EXPLAINS THE EVENTS OF
THE LAST DAYS 14-37
• The Coming of the Son of Man 24-27
• He contrasts “Abomination of desolation” and 2nd coming with “but”= why?
• The cataclysmic events preceding Jesus’ return = the Day of the Lord (Isa 13)
• After this chaos Jesus will return physically to judge and all will see it

JESUS EXPLAINS THE EVENTS OF
THE LAST DAYS 14-37
• Jesus Describes the End 28-37
• Watch the fig tree for its season – common practice (analogous to Israel)
• What does “This generation” and “These things” refer to?
• Generation = multiple possibilities but likely points to those alive “during” end
• These things = probably refers to v.v.5-23 and NOT v.v.24-27 (the END)

• He exhorts us to stay awake = alert and ready for His return (Matt 24:44)

THE GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352 FALL 2016
Mark 13:1-37
Jesus and the End Times