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Unit 3.

1 Test Review
1. What are the two separate groups at the bottom of the periodic table called? The
lanthanide and actinide groups.
2. What is the term for matter that is made up of two or more different kinds of
atoms joined by chemical bonds? Molecule
3. Which element is located at group 6, period 4? Chromium.
4. Which is NOT a transition element?
a. copper

b. rhenium

c. iridium

d. thallium

5. Whit is the Atomic Mass of Argon? 39.95


6. What types of elements make up the majority of the periodic table? Transition
metals
7. Most of the group 17 elements are metals. True or false? False.
8. Hydronium ion is a positively charged ion formed when an acid dissolves in water.
(H3O+)
9. Which element can be used as semiconductors? Metalloids.
10. Hydroxide Ion is a negatively charged ion that is formed when a base dissolves
in water. (OH-)
11. Which element has isotopes that usually contain 7 protons, 7 electrons, and 7
neutrons? Nitrogen 7
12. To which major classification do the elements sulfur and atomic number 35
belong?
a. Nonmetals

b. Lanthanide series

c. Actinide series

d. Alkali Metals

13. Which element is located at period 5, group 16? Tellurium


14. Who formed the first periodic table? Dimitri Mendeleev.
15. Which group of elements in the periodic table contains only noble gases? Group
18.
16. Malleability is the ability to be manipulated into a different shape.
17. Ductility is the ability to be pulled into thin wires.
18. What is H3O+? A hydronium ion, or a positively charged ion formed when an acid
dissolves in water.
19. What do acids and bases have in common? All acids and bases have hydronium
and hydroxide ions.

Unit 3.1 Test Review


20. How much more basic is a solution with pH 11 than a solution with pH 9? 100
times more basic.
21. What is the pH of a neutral solution? 7.
22. List 5 household items contain an acid? Lemon juice, vinegar, soft drinks,
tomatoes, and milk.
23. The chemical formula for a hydroxide ion is OH-.
24. Define hydroxide ion. A negatively charged ion that is formed when a base
dissolves in water
25. Define hydronium ion. A positively charged ion formed when an acid dissolve in
water
26. Define acid. A substance that produces a hydronium ion when dissolved in water
27. Define base. A substance that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water
28. Acids usually taste sour.
29. What is the scale used to indicate how acidic or how basic a solution is called?
pH Scale
30. An inverse measure of hydronium ions in a solution is called pH.
31. Bases usually taste bitter.
32. A compound that changes color at different pH values when it reacts with acidic
or basic solutions is called an indicator.
33. In an acid the hydronium concentration is greater than the hydroxide
concentration.
34. Acids have a pH that is low.
35. Bases have a pH that is high.
36. In a base the hydronium concentration is less than the hydroxide concentration.
37. As the concentration of hydronium ions in a solution increases, its pH lowers.
38. Evaporation, a physical change, could be used to separate the components of a
liquid mixture.
39. What is the difference between a heterogeneous and homogeneous mixture? A
heterogenous mixture is unevenly mixed while a homogeneous mixture is evenly
mixed.