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Chapter 3- Objective 2b

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
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1. ____ is a physical property.


a. Oxidation
c. Flammability
b. Density
d. Combustibility
2. Mass is a(n) ____ property.
a. natural
c. electrical
b. chemical
d. physical
3. The temperature at which a liquid becomes a gas is the ____ point.
a. freezing
c. condensation
b. boiling
d. melting
4. Density depends on ____.
a. weight
c. mass and volume
b. mass
d. volume
5. The melting point of silver is a ____.
a. chemical change
c. physical property
b. chemical property
d. physical change
6. You can separate sugar from sand because sugar is ____ and sand is not.
a. malleable
c. soluble in water
b. ductile
d. acidic
7. One approach to identifying something unknown is to use a ____.
a. dichotomous key
c. liquid layer
b. lightstick
d. control
8. A bonfire is an example of the property of ____.
a. malleability
c. solubility
b. combustibility
d. shape
9. An example of a chemical property is ____.
a. ability to be attracted by a magnet
c. boiling point
b. solubility
d. ability to react with oxygen
10. Titanium reacts less with oxygen than most metals do. This is a ____.
a. chemical property
c. chemical change
b. physical change
d. physical property
11. Matter may be found in the plasma state in ____.
a. blood
c. rivers
b. livers
d. lightning
12. The change that is NOT a physical change is ____.
a. freezing
c. burning
b. dissolving
d. evaporating
13. When a peeled banana turns black, it is a ____.
a. chemical change
c. change of state
b. physical change
d. thermal change
14. An example of a chemical change is ____.
a. a magnet sticking to the refrigerator
c. mashing potatoes
b. dew disappearing from the grass
d. frying a hamburger

____ 15. The mass of the products of a chemical reaction ____ the mass of the reactants.
a. is greater than
c. is the same as
b. is less than
d. may be more or less than
Essay
16. How does the energy of the particles differ in solids, liquids, and gases?
17. What chemical property does sliced fruit have? How do you know it has this property?
18. A dish of sugar and water solution is left in the Sun. After a few days, the solution has disappeared and a
white residue remains on the dish. Has a physical or chemical change taken place? Explain.
19. An antacid is placed in a clear solution. Bubbles form and the antacid disappears. The mass of the final
solution is less than the mass of the first solution and the metal. Is this an exception to the law of conservation
of mass? Explain.
20. How could you prove that the law of conservation of mass is obeyed when mixing two solutions?

Chapter 3- Objective 2b
Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
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8.
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10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:

B
D
B
C
C
C
A
B
D
A
D
C
A
D
C

PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:
DIF:

B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:
OBJ:

1/1
1/1
2/1
1/1
1/1
3/1
3/1
7/2
7/2
8/2
2/1
8/2
8/2
8/2
7/2

ESSAY
16. ANS:
All matter is made up of moving particles. The particles of a solid vibrate in fixed position. The particles of a
liquid move faster and can slide over each other. Gas particles move very quickly and are relatively far apart.
PTS: 1
DIF: A
OBJ: 2/1
17. ANS:
It has the ability to change when exposed to oxygen. You can tell because it turns brown when exposed to
oxygen.
PTS: 1
DIF: A
OBJ: 7/2
18. ANS:
A physical change. The water has evaporated and left the sugar. Neither substance has changed identity.
PTS: 1
DIF: A
OBJ: 3/1
19. ANS:
No, the missing mass escaped in bubbles as a gas.
PTS: 1
DIF: A
OBJ: 10/2
20. ANS:
Measure the mass of both solutions before mixing, and compare that with the mass of the resulting substance.
PTS: 1

DIF: A

OBJ: 10/2