11 views

Uploaded by Audrey Cheung

notes

- POGIL - kinematics
- PHY_BK_ANS_2
- Cambridge IGCSE Physics Teacher Pack
- Quiestion Bank Rectilinear Motion
- Chapter 12 Kinematics of a Particle
- Acceleration Lab
- Kinematics 5
- PH1011 Tut 2.pdf
- Physics- Velocity and Constant Acceleration Handout and Lesson
- AP Physics B - Kinematics
- Solution-Manual-for-Vector-Mechanics-for.pdf
- 2.1C Acceleration
- velocityandacceleration-110502131038-phpapp02
- Mec Vectorial
- Motion Applied mechanics
- 11 chapter11 166-185
- 1 - One Dimension
- Relative Motion
- 1 Units Kinematics
- pogil describing motion

You are on page 1of 18

Components

If we have an idea of the path of a vehicle, it is often convenient

to analyze the motion using tangential and normal components

(sometimes called path coordinates).

Components

= the instantaneous

radius of curvature

y

v = v et

en

v= vt et

dv

v2

=

a

e t + en

dt

et

x

The tangential direction (et) is tangent to the path of the

particle. This velocity vector of a particle is in this direction

The normal direction (en) is perpendicular to et and points

towards the inside of the curve.

The acceleration can have components in both the en and et directions

Components

To derive the acceleration vector in tangential

and normal components, define the motion of a

particle as shown in the figure.

particle path at P and P. When drawn with

respect to the same origin, et = et et and

is the angle between them.

et = 2 sin ( 2 )

et

sin ( 2 )

en = en

= lim

lim

0

0 2

det

en =

d

the particle

may be written

as

acceleration

dv dv

det dv

de d ds

= et + v

= et + v t

a=

dt dt

dt dt

d ds dt

but

det

ds

= en

d = ds

=v

d

dt

After substituting,

v2

dv

dv v 2

an =

at =

a = et + en

dt

dt

reflects change of speed and the normal

component reflects change of direction.

The tangential component may be positive or

negative. Normal component always points

toward center of path curvature.

SOLUTION:

Define your coordinate system

Calculate the tangential velocity and

tangential acceleration

Calculate the normal acceleration

A motorist is traveling on a curved

section of highway of radius 750 m

at the speed of 90 km/h. The

motorist suddenly applies the brakes,

causing the automobile to slow

down at a constant rate. Knowing

that after 8 s the speed has been

reduced to 72 km/h, determine the

acceleration of the automobile

immediately after the brakes have

been applied.

after the brakes have been applied

angle of the radar, air traffic controllers can

track aircraft.

Fire truck ladders can rotate as well as extend;

the motion of the end of the ladder can be

analyzed using radial and transverse

components.

The position of a particle P is

expressed as a distance r from the

origin O to P this defines the

radial direction er. The transverse

direction e is perpendicular to er

r = re r

SOLUTION:

Evaluate time t for = 30o.

Evaluate radial and angular positions,

and first and second derivatives at

time t.

Rotation of the arm about O is defined

by = 0.15t2 where is in radians and t

in seconds. Collar B slides along the

arm such that r = 0.9 - 0.12t2 where r is

in meters.

After the arm has rotated through 30o,

determine (a) the total velocity of the

collar, (b) the total acceleration of the

collar, and (c) the relative acceleration

of the collar with respect to the arm.

cylindrical coordinates.

Evaluate acceleration with respect to

arm.

Kinematic questions

An elevator is moving upward with a constant

speed of 4m/s

A man standing 10m above the top and throws a

ball upward with a speed of 3m/s

Determine when the ball will hit the elevator?

and,

Determine where the ball will hit the elevator with

respect to the location of the man?

Kinematic questions

A car moves with a constant speed v0=100km/h on the level portion of

the road. When going up the grade at tan=6/100, the car does not

change the setting and eventually the car decelerates at the constant rate

gsin. Find the speed of the car a) 10 seconds after passing point A, b)

when x =100m???

Kinematic questions

An object is released from rest in a tank of oil. The downward

acceleration of the object is g kv. Derive expressions for the velocity v

and vertical drop y as functions of the time t after release?

Kinematic questions

As shown, a projectile is fired horizontally into a tank with v0. Given that the

acceleration is kv2. Derive expressions for the distance (D) passed into the liquid

and the corresponding time t required to reduce the velocity to v0/2.

Kinematic questions

A helicopter is flying with a constant horizontal velocity of 180km/h and is

directly above point A when a loose part begins to fall. The part lands 6.5s later

at point B on an inclined surface. Determine a) the distance d between points A

and B, b) the initial height h.

Kinematic questions

An airplane used to drop water on brushfires is flying horizontally in a straight

line at 315km/h at an altitude of 80m. Determine the distance d at which the

pilot should release the water so that it will hit the fire at B

A motorist starts from rest at Point A on a circular entrance ramp when t = 0,

increases the speed of her automobile at a constant rate and enters the highway

at Point B. Knowing that her speed continues to increase at the same rate until it

reaches 100 km/h at Point C, determine (a) the speed at Point B, (b) the

magnitude of the total acceleration when t = 20 s.

A driver applies his brakes to produce a uniform deceleration. His speed is

100km/h at the bottom A of the dip and 50km/h at the top C of the hump,

which is 120m along the road from A. If the passengers experience a total

acceleration of 3m/s2 at A and if the radius of curvature of the hump at C

Racecar A is traveling on a straight portion of the track while racecar B is

traveling on a circular portion of the track. At the instant shown, the speed of A

is increasing at the rate of 10 m/s2, and the speed of B is decreasing at the rate

of 6 m/s2. For the position shown, determine (a) the velocity of B relative to A,

(b) the acceleration of B relative to A.

- POGIL - kinematicsUploaded bymagiclcj
- PHY_BK_ANS_2Uploaded bywingboxz
- Cambridge IGCSE Physics Teacher PackUploaded bybiofire
- Quiestion Bank Rectilinear MotionUploaded bypanayij
- Chapter 12 Kinematics of a ParticleUploaded byMuhammad Ahmad Khan Lodhi
- Acceleration LabUploaded byDominic Ebona
- Kinematics 5Uploaded byJuan Robinson
- PH1011 Tut 2.pdfUploaded byArya Adijaya
- Physics- Velocity and Constant Acceleration Handout and LessonUploaded bydaphetic
- AP Physics B - KinematicsUploaded byPraba Har
- Solution-Manual-for-Vector-Mechanics-for.pdfUploaded byYoshi Leong
- 2.1C AccelerationUploaded byncvpsCR
- velocityandacceleration-110502131038-phpapp02Uploaded byRonald A. Sato
- Mec VectorialUploaded byJesus E. Alvarado Salazar
- Motion Applied mechanicsUploaded byawasarevinayak
- 11 chapter11 166-185Uploaded byapi-258749062
- 1 - One DimensionUploaded bycarlos51952
- Relative MotionUploaded byKenneath Stockham Dejolde
- 1 Units KinematicsUploaded byDian Novi Wiyanah
- pogil describing motionUploaded byapi-259781257
- 12.1 Motion Cie Igcse Physics Ext Theory Qp (1)Uploaded byHelena Francis
- PSE3e_WKBK_Solutions_CH01.pdfUploaded byCunxi
- 3_094_Motion1DUploaded byShonnia Simin
- DY Lect4b_KinematicMotionOf2Particles_AbsoluteDependentMotion.pdfUploaded byAleli Loji
- Physics Motion 1Uploaded byindapants
- lesson plan-mehmet emirUploaded byapi-317161705
- 04 - motion along a lineUploaded byapi-291110607
- tqUploaded byLeanna Marie F. Olis
- Extra Solved Problems for Week 2.pdfUploaded byAhmed Attalla
- Tugas 2Uploaded byIssyariah Syukron

- Week 5 (Mar 2) - Lecture 4.pptxUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- Week 6 (Mar 9) - Lecture 5.pptxUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- Week 3 (Feb 17) - Lecture 2.pptxUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- Week 1 (Feb 3) - Lecture 1 - IntroductionUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- NotesUploaded byMayank Kumar
- Week 4 (Feb 24) - Lecture 3.pptxUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- Week 3 (Feb 17) Bellah et. al. - Individualism_Habits of the Heart [Required] (1).pdfUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- Week 5 (Mar 2) Liu - The Discourse of Individualism [Required].pdfUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- MECH2020 Notes 8 for StudentsUploaded byAudrey Cheung
- hw3solUploaded byAudrey Cheung

- CrashAnalysisCriteria 2.1.1 CopiaUploaded byJonathan
- SEJ Presentation to CIE Aust, 03-09Uploaded byjumancesu
- RULE IIIUploaded byKhyrwin O Hidalgo
- Real Estate property For sale, Brochure-DCNPL Hills Vistaa IndoreUploaded byDCNPL Hills Vistaa Indore
- 65-95_GBUploaded byLorena Hester
- Urban Planning in India(2)Uploaded bysainath010
- jasmin malhotra- folio task 1Uploaded byapi-287665202
- Portable Truck Scale Brochure EnUploaded bychicozs
- 2017 IATR Conference Program Reduced Size FINALUploaded bypreeti d
- Audi A6 Intro SSP_343Uploaded byfmonaghan99
- WAVESActionAgendaUploaded byQueens Crapper
- Opel Gt wiring diagramUploaded byMassimiliano Marchi
- John Deere 790 Ficha Tecnica FullUploaded bykiller958
- SEMINAR ON SENSORSUploaded byckd143
- Projekt No. 2010-3 - Performance Prediction Models for Flexible PavementsUploaded byTim Lin
- Enkei Catalog 2013Uploaded byHakim 'n Bilal
- Geotourism June 23rdUploaded byebehlmer
- DL45 SpecificationsUploaded byjleonos
- TomTom-XL-en-USUploaded byDarrell Ennis
- MOT Part 1 GENERAL.docUploaded byAris Tesoro
- pole collisionsUploaded byGeorge Tsakataras
- UMTRI-2014-21Uploaded byPatrick George
- TATA Motors ITSUploaded bybookofits
- Englanti.pdfUploaded byAinnabila Rosdi
- Timing Belt Replacement ChartUploaded bybakerman1987
- Pierce Custom Chassis Operation and Maintenance Manual - 2005 (2008 Test)Uploaded by40889335
- 12.AcronymsUploaded byg665013
- Mazda2 SkyActiv User ManualUploaded byfardani dzulhikam
- lipperiest-car-on-the-road.pdfUploaded bysriramkrishna28
- N Series Op's ManualUploaded byflorincostan