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# CENTRAL PHILIPPINE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
Jaro, Iloilo City, Philippines
GROU
P NO.

## GROUP MEMBERS (WITH SIGNATURE)

2.CARTAGENA, Jezza Ann
3.GUIRJEN, Charlmarie
5.SALINAS, Hans Dale

## MECH 412 FLUID MECHANICS

EXPR
T NO.

BOUYANCY
(Density of a Solid Material)

OBJECTIVE

## Determine the Density of a Solid Material Using the Principle of

Buoyancy.
APPARATUS

Concrete cylinder
iron block
bottle of softdrink
stone or any solid object
water container
Platform balance
wire mesh
digital balance
water enough to let the solid to submerge

DISCUSSION

## 1 The Archimedes principle states that a body wholly or partially

submerged in a liquid is buoyed up by a force equal to the
weight of equal volume of the liquid displaced.
2 When the solid body is fully submerged in water, its volume will
occupy portion of the liquid and water will be displaced. The
volume displaced by the liquid is exactly equal to the volume of
the solid body that is submerged.
3 To find the volume of the irregular solid that is submerged in
liquid is to determine the volume of the liquid displaced by the
body.
4 The weight of solid body when it is submerged in water is less
than the original weight in air. This loss of weight is called the
buoyant force which is the force that tends to push the
submerged body up and let the weight to become smaller in
water.
5 The buoyant force is also equal to the weight of the liquid
displaced. Interpreting the above statements using the formula.
Loss of weight of solid Wa -Ww = Buoyant force (BF)
Also since the volume of solid = volume of liquid displaced then
BF = Weight of water displaced

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## BF = unit weight of liquid x Volume = water Volwater -

wVolsolid

or

Vol =

BF
w

W aW w
w

M a M w
w

In CGS Units ,
Vol = Ma - Mw
since the density of water is 1 gm/cc
the density of solid body then is
Ma
mass
Density = Sp. Gr. = volume = M a M w

Wa
W aW w

In Metric Units,
Density = Sp.Gr. x = Sp.gr. x 1000
kg/m3.
Wa
W solid
Wa w
W
s olid =
a
W
= W aW w
Vol solid =
w
w

PROCEDURE

## The material being used here is a metal ring.

1. Weigh the material in air.
2. Weigh the knot string used for tying.
3. Weigh the material in water.
PICTURES / DIAGRAMS

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DATA / RESULTS

## Weight of material in air , Wa

300g(9.81)= 2.943N

## Weight of material in water, Ww

250g(9.81)= 2.4525N

Buoyant Force, BF

300-250= 50g(9.81)=
0.4905N

BF= Wa - Ww

50
8 1m
(9. 2 )
1000 kg
s
= 5.0 X
3N
9.81 x 10 /m3

Volume Submerged

BF
water

Vol sub =

10-5 N/m3
Density of Material

material =

mass
Vol displaced

Ma
Vs

50 g/1000 kg 1000 kg
=
m3
5.0 x 1 05

CONCLUSION

CARTAGENA:

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GUIRJEN: