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You are on page 1of 15

shaft diameter =400mm

recess diameter = 250mm

film thickness=0.15mm

viscosity of lubricant =30cP

specific gravity =0.86

specific heat = 1.75kj/kg c

supply pressure =5MPa

Calculate

(1) Load carrying of the bearing ;

(2)flow requirement

(3)pumping power loss

(4)frictional power loss

(5)temp. rise

assume that the total power loss in the bearing is convert in to frictional heat

Given data:

P1 = 5 N/mm2

R0 = 200 mm

Ri = 125 mm

Ho = 0.15 mm

= 30 cp = 30 10-9 Ns/mm2

P = 860 kg/m3

Cp = 1.75 kJ/kg c0

N = 720 rpm

W=

P( R 0 Ri )

R0

2 log 10

Ri

W=

5(20021252 )

200

2 log 10

125

W=

382881.634

0.9400

( )

( )

W = 407.32 kN

Pi ho3

Ro

6 log e

Ri

( )

Q=

630104 log

Q

2.3510 0.15

6300.47

Q= 0.006*10^9

mm3

sec

3

= 0.6266*10^6*10^-9

Q = 37.6 lit/min

Pumping power loss Pp:Pp:-

piQ

10 6 np

mm

sec

( 200

125 )

50.153

50.6266106

1061

Pp = 3.13 kw

1

6

58.0510 *

(r o r i )

ha

= pf = 2.42 kw

Temp rise T =

Total power loss p= pf+pp

= 3.13 + 2.42

= 5.55 kw

Rate of heat generation , hg = p

= 5.55 kj/s

Rate of heat dissipation Hg =

qcp t

Now hg=hd

5.55 = 860*0.6266*10^-3*1.75* t

t=5.88 c

(2) The developed view of hydraustatic bearing is shown in fig.16.35(a). Consider this

flow the flow in the other direction and over corners . The pressure distribution is linear

as shown in fig. 16.35(b). The thrust load is 500kN and the film thickness is 0.2 mm.

The viscosity of the lubricant is 500cP. Calculate the supply pressure and flow

requirement

Film thickness(h0) =0.2mm

2

=500*10 N.S/ mm

R0=250mm

Ri=200mm

Q=?

Pi=?

Supply Pressure(Pi)=

Pi ( Ro2 Ri 2)

W= 2 log R 0

e

Ri

( )

Pi ( Ro2 Ri 2)

250

2 log e

200

( )

W=

3

500* 10 =

Pi ( 250 2 Ri 200 2 )

250

2 log e

200

Pi = 3.15MP

Pi h 0 3

Q = log R 0

e

Ri

( )

3.15 (0.2)3

250

800109 log e

200

Q=

Q=

0.0792

669.4307

9

* 10

9

Q= 0.0001* 10

Q= 0.1183* 10

mm3 /s

mm

/s

6

9

Q= 0.1183* 10 * 10

3

Q= 0.1183 * 10

3

Q= 0.1183* 10

m3 /s

m3 /s

3

* 10

*60 l/min

Q= 70.9 lil/min

Example (3) A journal bearing with a diameter of 200 mm and length 150 mm carries a

load pf 20 kn when the journal speed is 150 r.p.m. the diameter clearance is 0.0015. if

possible the bearing is to operate at 35 c ambient temp. without external cooling with

max. oil temp. of 90 c if external cooling is required it is to be as little as possible to min.

the required oil flow and heat exchanger size.

1) What type of oil do you recommend?

2) Will the bearing operate without external cooling

3) It the bearing operate without external cooling the determine the operating oil

trmp.?

4) If the bearing operate with external cooling , determine the amount of oil in

kg/min required to carry away the execess heat generated over heat dissipated

when the oil temp. rise from 85c to 90c when passing through the bearing

Given data :-

d= 200mm=0.2m

i=150mm=0.15m

3

w=20kN=20* 10 N

N=150rpm

c

d

=0.0015

0

ta = 35 C

tb = 90

At 90

Z=0.005

P =

ZN

6

4.7510

P=

0.005150

4.75106

d

* (c )

l

* ( dl )

2

0.15

1

(

)

* 0.0015

* ( 0.2+ 0.15 )

P=

0.11251

0.00150.354.7510.6

2

P = 0.030N/ mm

But P =

w

ld

20103

150200

2

P= 0.67 N/ mm

ZN

P

0.005150

0.03

= 25

ZN

P

=28

The minimum value of the bearing modeling at which the oil film will break is ,

3K =

ZN

P

1

K = 3 *28 =9.33

Since the calculating value of bearing characteristic no. is more than 9.33 therefore the

bearing will operated under hydroganic conditions.

Coefficient of friction ,

ZN

P

d

)( c )+K

33

10 8

33

251

8

= 10

0.0015

+ 0.002

= 0.0055 +0.002

= 0.0075

Here as we can see than the value of oil viscosity is very less so we can recommended the oil

which has low viscosity

=w(

dN

60 ) watt

3

= (0.0075) * 20* 10 * (

= 235.6194 watt

0.2150

)

60

= 230*0.2*0.15*(90-35)

= 462 watt

We seen that the heat dissioated is after the heat generated when indicates that the bearing

will not operated without external cooling.

Example :- 4

Design of a journal bearing for cetftrifugal pump running at 1440rpm. The diameter of

journal is 100 mm and load on is bearing is 200kN. The factor ZN/P may be taken as 28

for centifrugal pump bearing. The bearing is running at 75c temp. and the atm. Temp is

30 c . the engey dissipation co effect is 875W/m^3/c. take diamante clearance is 0.1 mm.

Given data

N= 1440 rpm

D= 100mm = 0.1 m

W =156 KN

Zn

p

= 28

C = 0.1 mm

2

C = 875 w/ m c

Tb = 75

Ta = 30

First of all lets find the length of the journal (l)

L = 1.6d

L = 160 mm

We know all that the bearing pressure,

W

ld

P=

1.50103

160100

P = 9.37 N/ mm

Zn

p

= 28

0.051440

28

P=

2

= 2.57 N/ mm

2

Since the bearing pressure for the pump is 2.57 N/ mm , therefore the above value of P is

The operation value,

Zn

p

= 28

The min. value of the bearing modulus of when the oil film will break is given by

3K =

Zn

p

K= 9.33

Coefficient of friction

=

33

Zn

d

8 *

*

p

c *k

10

33

100

8 *12.24*

0.1 *0.02

10

= 0.0060

Heat generated ,

Qg =

wv

wdn

60

0.00601500.1114010 3

60

Qg = 6785.84 watt

Heat dissipated,

Qd= Ca(tb-ta)

= c*l*d*(tb-ta)

= 875*0.16*0.1*45

= 630 watt

Amount of artificial cooling required = heat generated heat dissipated

= 6785.4-630

= 6255.84 watt

Mass of lubricating oil required for artificial cooling ,

Qt = m*s*t

6155.84 = m*2100*30

M=

6155.84

63000

= 0.0977 kg/s

4)

Given data

h = 60mm

bi = 60mm

bo =30mm

3

P= 20 * 10 N

A= (

bi+bo

)*h

2

A= (

60+ 20

) * 60

2

2

A = 2700 mm

C=x P

C = x/8 *- 20

C = 80mm

Ri = Qs * C = 0.5 * 80 =40mm

Ro = 0.56*4 = (0.5V80) * 60

=100mm

Radius of natural axis (Ro)

Rd =

(bi e bo2 ) h

Ri

( bi Robo

) log ( RoRi )(bibo)

60

e

Rd =

(60 e 302 ) 60

o40

10 o

log (

(1630)

( 6010 o3

)

60

40 )

e

Rd = 62.35

Radius of centroid axis (Rn)

Ra =Ri +

h(bi+2 bo)

3 (bo+bi)

= 40 +

60 (60+60)

3(60+bi)

Ra = 66.67

= Rch RN

= 66.67- 62.35

= 4.32mm

P

A

Mhi

ACRi

20000

2700

20100062.3522.35

210004.3240

= 7.4074 + 57.33

2

. =67.14 N/ mm

b=

P

A

20000

2700

Mho

ACRo

20100062.3537.65

210004.32100

= 7.40774 + 40.7400

b

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