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( 1) The following data is given for a hydrostatic thrust bearing .

Shaft speed =720rpm


shaft diameter =400mm
recess diameter = 250mm
film thickness=0.15mm
viscosity of lubricant =30cP
specific gravity =0.86
specific heat = 1.75kj/kg c
supply pressure =5MPa
Calculate
(1) Load carrying of the bearing ;
(2)flow requirement
(3)pumping power loss
(4)frictional power loss
(5)temp. rise
assume that the total power loss in the bearing is convert in to frictional heat

Given data:
P1 = 5 N/mm2
R0 = 200 mm
Ri = 125 mm
Ho = 0.15 mm
= 30 cp = 30 10-9 Ns/mm2

P = 860 kg/m3
Cp = 1.75 kJ/kg c0
N = 720 rpm

Load carrying capacity ( w )

W=

P( R 0 Ri )
R0
2 log 10
Ri

W=

5(20021252 )
200
2 log 10
125

W=

382881.634
0.9400

( )

( )

W = 407.32 kN

Flow rate of lubricant ( Q )


Pi ho3
Ro
6 log e
Ri

( )

Q=

630104 log
Q

2.3510 0.15
6300.47

Q= 0.006*10^9

mm3
sec
3

= 0.6266*10^6*10^-9
Q = 37.6 lit/min
Pumping power loss Pp:Pp:-

piQ
10 6 np

mm
sec

( 200
125 )

50.153

50.6266106
1061

Pp = 3.13 kw

Viscous power loss ( pf) :Friction power loss pf -

1
6
58.0510 *

(r o r i )
ha

= pf = 2.42 kw

Temp rise T =
Total power loss p= pf+pp
= 3.13 + 2.42
= 5.55 kw
Rate of heat generation , hg = p
= 5.55 kj/s
Rate of heat dissipation Hg =

qcp t

Now hg=hd
5.55 = 860*0.6266*10^-3*1.75* t
t=5.88 c

Sliding contact Bearing


(2) The developed view of hydraustatic bearing is shown in fig.16.35(a). Consider this
flow the flow in the other direction and over corners . The pressure distribution is linear
as shown in fig. 16.35(b). The thrust load is 500kN and the film thickness is 0.2 mm.
The viscosity of the lubricant is 500cP. Calculate the supply pressure and flow
requirement

Given Data:Thrust load (w)=500Kn


Film thickness(h0) =0.2mm
2
=500*10 N.S/ mm

R0=250mm
Ri=200mm
Q=?
Pi=?
Supply Pressure(Pi)=

Pi ( Ro2 Ri 2)
W= 2 log R 0
e
Ri

( )

Pi ( Ro2 Ri 2)
250
2 log e
200

( )

W=

3
500* 10 =

Pi ( 250 2 Ri 200 2 )
250
2 log e
200

Pi = 3.15MP

Flow requirement (Q)

Pi h 0 3
Q = log R 0
e
Ri

( )

3.15 (0.2)3
250
800109 log e
200

Q=

Q=

0.0792
669.4307

9
* 10

9
Q= 0.0001* 10

Q= 0.1183* 10

mm3 /s

mm

/s

6
9
Q= 0.1183* 10 * 10

3
Q= 0.1183 * 10
3

Q= 0.1183* 10

m3 /s

m3 /s
3

* 10

*60 l/min

Q= 70.9 lil/min

Example (3) A journal bearing with a diameter of 200 mm and length 150 mm carries a
load pf 20 kn when the journal speed is 150 r.p.m. the diameter clearance is 0.0015. if
possible the bearing is to operate at 35 c ambient temp. without external cooling with
max. oil temp. of 90 c if external cooling is required it is to be as little as possible to min.
the required oil flow and heat exchanger size.
1) What type of oil do you recommend?
2) Will the bearing operate without external cooling
3) It the bearing operate without external cooling the determine the operating oil
trmp.?
4) If the bearing operate with external cooling , determine the amount of oil in
kg/min required to carry away the execess heat generated over heat dissipated
when the oil temp. rise from 85c to 90c when passing through the bearing

Given data :-

d= 200mm=0.2m
i=150mm=0.15m
3
w=20kN=20* 10 N

N=150rpm
c
d

=0.0015

0
ta = 35 C

tb = 90

Assuming SAE 10,


At 90

C the absolute viscocity 0.005 kg/m.s

Z=0.005

Minimum operating Pressure

P =

ZN
6
4.7510

P=

0.005150
4.75106

d
* (c )

l
* ( dl )

2
0.15
1
(
)
* 0.0015
* ( 0.2+ 0.15 )

P=

0.11251
0.00150.354.7510.6

2
P = 0.030N/ mm

But P =

w
ld

20103
150200

2
P= 0.67 N/ mm

Since the given bearing pressure for the pump is 0.03 N/ mm

therefore the above value of

Pis safe and hence. The dimenstion of l and d are same


ZN
P

0.005150
0.03

= 25

From table we find the operating value


ZN
P

=28

The minimum value of the bearing modeling at which the oil film will break is ,
3K =

ZN
P

1
K = 3 *28 =9.33

Since the calculating value of bearing characteristic no. is more than 9.33 therefore the
bearing will operated under hydroganic conditions.

Coefficient of friction ,

ZN
P
d
)( c )+K
33

10 8

33
251
8
= 10
0.0015

+ 0.002

= 0.0055 +0.002
= 0.0075

Here as we can see than the value of oil viscosity is very less so we can recommended the oil
which has low viscosity

Heat genereated (Qg) = wv


=w(

dN
60 ) watt

3
= (0.0075) * 20* 10 * (

= 235.6194 watt

0.2150
)
60

Heat dissipated (Qd) =CA (tb- ta) watt


= 230*0.2*0.15*(90-35)
= 462 watt

We seen that the heat dissioated is after the heat generated when indicates that the bearing
will not operated without external cooling.

Example :- 4
Design of a journal bearing for cetftrifugal pump running at 1440rpm. The diameter of
journal is 100 mm and load on is bearing is 200kN. The factor ZN/P may be taken as 28
for centifrugal pump bearing. The bearing is running at 75c temp. and the atm. Temp is
30 c . the engey dissipation co effect is 875W/m^3/c. take diamante clearance is 0.1 mm.
Given data
N= 1440 rpm
D= 100mm = 0.1 m
W =156 KN
Zn
p

= 28

C = 0.1 mm
2
C = 875 w/ m c

Tb = 75
Ta = 30
First of all lets find the length of the journal (l)
L = 1.6d
L = 160 mm
We know all that the bearing pressure,

W
ld

P=

1.50103
160100

P = 9.37 N/ mm
Zn
p

= 28
0.051440
28

P=

2
= 2.57 N/ mm
2
Since the bearing pressure for the pump is 2.57 N/ mm , therefore the above value of P is

state & hence the dimension of l & d are safe.


The operation value,
Zn
p

= 28

The min. value of the bearing modulus of when the oil film will break is given by
3K =

Zn
p

K= 9.33
Coefficient of friction
=

33
Zn
d
8 *
*
p
c *k
10

33
100
8 *12.24*
0.1 *0.02
10

= 0.0060
Heat generated ,
Qg =

wv

wdn
60

0.00601500.1114010 3
60

Qg = 6785.84 watt
Heat dissipated,
Qd= Ca(tb-ta)
= c*l*d*(tb-ta)
= 875*0.16*0.1*45
= 630 watt
Amount of artificial cooling required = heat generated heat dissipated
= 6785.4-630
= 6255.84 watt
Mass of lubricating oil required for artificial cooling ,
Qt = m*s*t
6155.84 = m*2100*30
M=

6155.84
63000

= 0.0977 kg/s

4)
Given data

h = 60mm
bi = 60mm
bo =30mm
3
P= 20 * 10 N

Cross section area (A)

A= (

bi+bo
)*h
2

A= (

60+ 20
) * 60
2

2
A = 2700 mm

C=x P
C = x/8 *- 20
C = 80mm

Inner and outer radius ,


Ri = Qs * C = 0.5 * 80 =40mm
Ro = 0.56*4 = (0.5V80) * 60
=100mm
Radius of natural axis (Ro)

Rd =

(bi e bo2 ) h
Ri
( bi Robo
) log ( RoRi )(bibo)
60
e

Rd =

(60 e 302 ) 60
o40
10 o
log (
(1630)
( 6010 o3
)
60
40 )
e

Rd = 62.35
Radius of centroid axis (Rn)
Ra =Ri +

h(bi+2 bo)
3 (bo+bi)

= 40 +

60 (60+60)
3(60+bi)

Ra = 66.67

Distance b/w centroidal axis and neutral axis,

= Rch RN

= 66.67- 62.35
= 4.32mm

Resulatant stress at inner sureface,

P
A

Mhi
ACRi

20000
2700

20100062.3522.35
210004.3240

= 7.4074 + 57.33
2
. =67.14 N/ mm

Resultant shear stress at outer surface ( b


b=

P
A

20000
2700

Mho
ACRo

20100062.3537.65
210004.32100

= 7.40774 + 40.7400
b

32. 833 N/ mm2