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Active voice

In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence
and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.
Formula:
S + to be + V3 ( past participle )
Examples:
1. The professor teaches the students
2. John washes the dishes
Passive voice
In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the
sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the
sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action
is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you
do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing
the action.
Formula:
to be + V3 ( past participle ) + S
Examples:
1. The students are taught by the professor
2. The dishes are washed by john
Tense

Active

Passive

Simple Present

Once a week, Tom cleans the
house.

Once a week, the house is cleaned
by Tom.

Present
Continuous

Right now, Sarah is writing the Right now, the letter is being
letter.
written by Sarah.

Simple Past

Sam repaired the car.

The car was repaired by Sam.

mechanic's license. the work has been being done by John. Future Continuous will At 8:00 PM tonight. Present Perfect Many tourists have visited that castle. going to be being washed by John. A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight. The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. They are going to have Future Perfect The project is going to have been completed the project before the be going to completed before the deadline. Simple Future Sally is going to make a be going to beautiful dinner tonight. That castle has been visited by many tourists. the dishes will washing the dishes. Past Perfect George had repaired many cars Many cars had been repaired by before he received his mechanic's George before he received his license.Past Continuous The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. Future Perfect The famous artist will have been The mural will have been being Continuous painting the mural for over six painted by the famous artist for . John is At 8:00 PM tonight. John has been doing Continuous the work. John will be At 8:00 PM tonight. The project will have been completed before the deadline. PM. be being washed by John. deadline. Past Perfect Continuous Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris. Future Continuous be going to At 8:00 PM tonight. Simple Future Someone will finish the work by The work will be finished by 5:00 will 5:00 PM. The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris. Present Perfect Recently. Future Perfect They will have completed the will project before the deadline. Recently. the dishes are going to be washing the dishes.

Future in the Past Would I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.will months by the time it is finished. Future in the I thought Sally was going to I thought a beautiful dinner was Past make a beautiful dinner tonight. over six months by the time it is finished. The bills used to be paid by Jerry. finished. I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM. going to be made by Sally tonight. The famous artist is going to The mural is going to have been Future Perfect have been painting the mural being painted by the famous artist Continuous for over six months by the time it for over six months by the time it is be going to is finished. by my mother. Was Going to . Would Always My mother would always make The pies would always be made the pies. Used to Jerry used to pay the bills.