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FINAL EXAMINATIONS HYDRAULICS

Name: _______________________________________________________ Course/Yr: _________ ID#


_____________
Test I. MULTIPLE CHOICE.
1. Flow is said to be ___________ when the paths of the individual particles do not cross or
intersect
a. Laminar
b. turbulent
c. steady
d. none of the above
2. Flow is said to be turbulent when its path lines are irregular curves which continually cross
each other and form a complicated network.
a. Laminar
b. turbulent
c. steady
d. none of the above
3. The volume of fluid passing a cross section of a stream in unit time is called the
___________.
a. velocity
b. discharge
c. head loss
d. none of the
above
4. A(n) __________ is used to denote an opening with a closed perimeter, made in a wall or
partition.
a. Weir
b. nozzle
c. Orifice
d. none of the above
5. A(n) _________ is an overflow structure extending across an open channel normal to the
direction of flow and widely used for the purpose of flow metering and control.
a. Weir
b. nozzle
c. Orifice
d. none of the above
6. If the mean velocity of water is 2.6 m/sec, the discharge through a 75-mm pipe is:
a. 11.5 lit/sec
b. 10.5 lit/sec
c. 9.5 lit/sec
d. none of the
above
7. Water is flowing in a pipe 20 cm in diameter with a mean velocity of 3 m/sec. The pressure
at the center of the pipe is 35 kPa and the elevation of the pipe above the assumed datum
is 5 m. The total head, E, in meters is:
a. E = 10.5 m
b. 9.03 m
c. 8.3 m
d. none of the
above
8. SAE oil at 68F ( = 1.68, = 1.70x10-3) flows in a 9-in diameter pipe. The maximum
velocity for which the flow will be laminar is: (v=2.70 fps)
a. 1.70 fps
b. 0.70 fps
c. 2.70 fps
d. none of the
above
9. Water at 10C ( = 1.30x10-6) flows in a 150-mm diameter pipe at a velocity of 5.5 m/s.
What is the Reynolds number? (634615)
a. 634615
b. 534615
c. 434615
d. none of the
above
10.For laminar flow conditions, what size of pipe will deliver 90 gpm of medium fuel oil at
40F? ( = 6.55x10-5 ft2/s) (p.201 schaum,9.20- d = 1.95 ft
a. D = 1.95 ft
b. D = 0.95 ft
c. D = 1.95 inches d. none of the
above
Test II. APPLICATION.
1. A calibration test of a 12.5 mm circular sharp-edged orifice in the vertical side of a large
tank showed a discharge of 590 N of water in 81 sec at a head of 4.70 m. Measurement of
the jet showed that it travelled 2.35 m horizontally while dropping 30 cm. Compute the
three orifice coefficients. (p.262, dela fuente)
2. Two pipes, one circular and one square, have the same cross-sectional area. Which has the
larger hydraulic radius, and by what percentage? (circular pipe,12.8%) (p202, schaum
9.29)
3. Determine the uniform flow through a trapezoidal concrete lined canal having side slope of
3 Horizontal to 4 Vertical and bottom width of 2 m if the depth of flow is 2 m. The channel
A
is laid on a slope of 3 m per 2 kilometers. Use n = 0.013 and Manning formula, Q = A

1 2 /3 1/ 2
R S
. (p501, gillesania)
n
1
4. Determine the flow in each pipe in the three reservoirs shown. (p.467 gillesania)
B

3
C

Pipe
12

Length
1800 m

Diameter
400 mm

f
0.020

Water Elev
@A: 80 m

2
3

2000 m
4000 m

500 mm
800 mm

0.025
0.03

@B: 50 m
@C: 10 m