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Ayudanta N1

SEP
Gua N1 Circuitos Trifsicos

Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva


que consume cada carga, y la corriente por el neutro.
Z1=2+j5
Z2=-j6[V]
Z3=12

&
&I = Van ` = 2200 = 40.85 68.2[ A]
a
Z&1
2 + j5
V&
220 120
I&b = bn ` =
= 36.67 30[ A]
&
Z
j6
2

&
&I = Vcn ` = 220120 = 18.33120[ A]
c
Z&3
12

S&a =V&an` * I&a* = 898768.2 = 3337.5 + j8344.3[VA]


&S =V& * I&* = 8067,490 = 0 j8067.4[VA]
b

bn`

&S =V& * I&* = 4032.60 = 4032.6 + j0[VA]


c
cn`
c

Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume


cada carga, y las corrientes de lnea.
Z1=1+j3
Z2=j5
Z3=5-j6

&
&I = Vab = 38030 = 76 60[ A]
ab
Z& 2
j5
&
&I = Vbc = 380 90 = 48.65 40[ A]
bc
Z&3
5 j6
V&
380150
I&ca = ca =
= 120.1778.43[ A]
&
Z
1 + j3
1

I&a = I&ab + I&ac =184.0785.67[A]


I& = I& + I& = 34.5591.21[A]
b

ba

bc

I&c = I&ca + I&cb =149.5895.05[A]

*
S&ab = V&ab * I&ab
= 2888090 = 0 + j 28880[VA]
S& = V& * I&* = 18487 50 = 11883.21 j14161.86[VA]
bc

bc

bc

S&ca = V&ca * I&ca* = 45664.671.57 = 14436.67 + j 43322.5[VA]

Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume


cada carga, y las corrientes que circulan.
Z1=5+j5
Z2=6+j3
Z3=4+j2
Zn=10+j3

Usando el teorema de Millman

1 &
1
1
Van + V&bn + V&cn
Z&1
Z& 2
Z&3
&
Vnn ` =
= 20.4161.89[V ]
1
1
1
1
+
+ +
&
&
Z1 Z 2 Z&3 Z& n

Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume


cada carga, y las corrientes que circulan.
Z1=5+j5
Z2=6+j3
Z3=4+j2
Zn=10+j3

V& V&
2200 20.4161.89
= 33.87 46.52[ A]
I&a = an nn ` =
&
5 + j5
Z1
&
&
&I = Vbn Vnn ` = 220 120 20.4161.89 = 32.31 141.28[ A]
b
Z&
6 + j3
2

&
&
&I = Vcn Vnn ` = 220120 20.4161.89 = 45.989.63[ A]
c
Z&3
4 + j2

In =

Vnn ` 20.4161.89
=
= 1.954145.2[ A]
Zn
10 + j 3

Para el siguiente circuito, calcule la potencia activa y reactiva que consume


cada carga, y las corrientes que circulan.
Z1=5+j5
Z2=6+j3
Z3=4+j2
Zn=10+j3

&S = Z& * I 2 = (5+ j5)*33.872 = 8111.7745= 5735.89 + j5735.89[VA]


a
1
1
&S = Z& * I 2 = (6+ j3)*32.312 = 7007.326.57= 6267.5+ j3133.75[VA]
b
2
2
&S = Z& * I 2 = (4 + j2)*45.92 = 9421.9426.57= 8427.24 + j4213.62[VA]
c
3
3
&S = Z& * I 2 = (10+ j3)*1.9542 = 39.8616.7= 38.18+ j11.45[VA]
n
n
n

Datos:
Sa = 5+j2 kva
Sb= 10 kw fp=0,93i
Sc=20 kva fp=0,85c
Cargar equilibrada:
kw fp=0,95i
C= 200uf
L= 0,1 H

60

Calcular las corrientes In , Ia , Ib , Ic , I3


Calcular la potencia activa y reactiva
total absorbida por las cargas.

[V]

S 2 = P2 + Q2
Q
tan( ) =
P
P
cos( ) =
S
Q
sen( ) =
S

[V]

S&a = 5 + j 2 = 5.3921.8[kVA]
10
S&b =
cos1 (0.93) = 10.7521.6[kVA]
0.93
S&c = 20 cos1 (0.85) = 20 31.8[kVA]

S 2 = P2 + Q2
Q
tan( ) =
P
P
cos( ) =
S
Q
sen( ) =
S

[V]

S&a = 5 + j 2 = 5.3921.8[kVA]
10
&
Sb =
cos1 (0.93) = 10.7521.6[kVA]
0.93
S&c = 20 cos1 (0.85) = 20 31.8[kVA]
& *
S
5.39 k 21.8
I&an ` = a * =
= 24.545 21.8 [ A ]
&
V an `
220 0
S&b *
10.75 k 21.6
I bn ` =
=
= 49.01 141.6 [ A ]
*
&
Vbn `
220 120
S& c *
20 k 31.8
I cn ` =
=
= 91.161151.8 [ A ]
*
&
V
220 120
cn `

[V]

& *
S
5.39 k 21.8
I&an ` = a * =
= 24.545 21.8 [ A ]
&
V an `
220 0
S&b *
10.75 k 21.6
I bn ` =
=
= 49.01 141.6 [ A ]
*
&
Vbn `
220 120
S& c *
20 k 31.8
I cn ` =
=
= 91.161151.8 [ A ]
*
&
V
220 120
cn `

I&n = I&an ` + I&bn ` + I&cn ` = 96177.9[ A]

[V]

S3 =

P
60k
cos 1 (cos( )) =
cos 1 (0.95) = 63.1618.19[kVA]
cos( )
0.95
S 1 =

I
I
I

S 1*
=
V an*

= 2 1 .0 5 1 8 .1 9 [ k V A ]

3
2 1 .0 5 k 1 8 .1 9
=
= 9 5 .6 8 1 8 .1 9
220 0

2 1 .0 5 k 1 8 .1 9
S 1*
=
=
= 9 5 .6 8 1 3 8 .1 9
V an*
220 120
S 1*
2 1 .0 5 k 1 8 .1 9
=
=
= 9 5 .6 8 1 0 1 .8 1
V an*
220 120

[V]

Primero, hay que pasar estos elementos a


impedancias en el dominio fasor
XL = 2 fL = 2 *50*0.1 = 31.416[]
XC =

1
1
=
=15.92[]
6
2 fC 2 *50*200*10

&
&I = V a b = 3 8 0 3 0 = 1 2 .0 9 6 6 0 [ A ]
L
Z& L
j 3 1 .4 1 6
&
V
380 90
I&C = c b =
= 2 3 .8 7 7 1 8 0 [ A ]
&
j 1 5 .9 2
ZC

[V]

S1 = Sa + Sb + Sc = 32 j 4.6[kVA]
S2 = S3 = 60 + j19.721[kVA]
S3 = Vab * I L* + Vcb * I c* = 0 j 4.476[kVA]
STotal = S1 + S2 + S3 = 92 + j10.645[kVA]

Resumen
Secuencia Positiva
  30

  90

  150
Secuencia Negativa
   30

 90

   150

Carga Equilibrada

  3 
Triangulo de potencia

Teorema de Millman
1 &
1 &
1 &
V
V
Vcn
+
+
an
bn
&
&
&
Z
Z2
Z3
V&nn ` = 1
= 20.4161.89[V ]
1
1
1
1
+ & + & + &
&
Z1 Z 2 Z 3 Z n
S 2 = P2 + Q2
Q
tan( ) =
P
P
cos( ) =
S
Q
sen( ) =
S