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Multiple Choice Questions (Marks 1)

(1) On

the basis of which component are businessmen and industrialists preparing the schedule of sales and
production ?
(a) Trend
(b) seasonal fluctuations
(c) cyclic fluctuations
(d) random fluctuations
(2) By which mathematical function is the trend line element of yt, the t-th term of the time series denoted ?
(a) a + bt
(b) a + bw
(c) a + bt
(d) a - bt
(3) Base year is ..
(a) Any year
(b) Average year
(c) Normal year
(d) None of the above
(4) How many points are to be considered for determining the size of the sample?
(a) 3
(b) 4
(c) 5
(d) Uncertain
b .
b yx 2
(5) For two perfectly linearly related variables, if
, then state the value of xy
(a) -2
(b) 2
(c) 2
(d) 0
(6) How many methods are for fitting of regression lines?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) Many
(7) What is the common ratio r of the G.P. 2, -4, 8, -16, 32, ..?
(a) 2
(b) 4
(c) -2
(d) -4
(8) The mean of a normal distribution is 10. If its variance is 10 times the mean, then what will be its
standard deviation ?
(a) 10
(b) 100
(c) 1
(d) 10
(9) The differences of which differences are called the differences of order two?
(a) First order
(b) Leading order
(c) Average order
(d) Equal order
r .
(10) If y ax b;a 0 , state the value of xy
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) -1
(d) -1 to 1
p0q1 : p1q1 3 : 4 then what will be the Paache's Index number?
(11) If
(a) 0.75
(b) 75
(c) 130.3
(d) 133.33
(12) Which formula is extensively used for the constuction of consumer's price index number in most of the
countries including America and Britian?
(a) Fisher
(b) Laspeyre
(c) Paasche
(d) Marshall
(13) Which Statistician gave the least squares method of fitting a regression line?
(a) Fisher
(b) Laplace
(c) Tippett
(d) Gauss
(14) Write the sequence formula for a

(a) Tn a r

n 1
(b) Tn a r

n 1
(c) Sn a ar ar .. ar
(d) Tn Sn Sn1
(15) What is the value of coefficient of skewness in normal distribution ?
(a) zero
(b) 1
(c) 0.5
(d) -1
(16) If the purchasing power of money for the year 2004 is 0.8 with reference to the base year 1999 then
what is the price Index number for the year 2004?
(a) 80
(b) 100
(c) 125
(d) None
(17) In the probability density function of normal distribution, state the constant e.
(a) 1.1278
(b) 2.1782
(c) 2.278
(d) 2.7182
(18) What is the recurrence formula of binomial probability distribution ?

(n x )p
(n x ) p

(a) ( x 1)
(b) ( x 1)q
(c) ( x 1)q
(d) ( x 1) q
(19) Which is the scientific method of selecting a random sample?
(a) Rank method
(b) Method of lottery
(c) Method of random numbers
(d) Method of first come first
(20) What is called the method of obtaining the estimate of the independent variable x corresponding to the
value of the dependent variable y ?
(a) interpolation
(b) extrapolation
(c) inverse interpolation
(d) inverse extrapolation
(21) What is called the value of standard normal variate ?
(a) Normal score
(b) Standard score
(c) Normal variate
(d) None
(22) If the values of two random variables varies in the same proportion then correlation between them
(a) Perfect positive (b) Perfect negative (c) Perfect
(d) Partial
(23) In Paasche's formula, which year's quantity is taken into consideratino to get the total expenditure?
(a) Quantity consumed in base year
(b) Quantity consumed in current year
(c) Quantity consumed in selected year
(d) Quantity consumed in average year
(24) State the symbol for the probability density function of normal distribution.
(a) p(x)
(b) C(x)
(c) f(x)
(d) F(x)
(25) Trend is known as .
(a) Long term fluctuations
(b) Seasonal fluctuations
(c) Cyclic fluctuations
(d) Random fluctuations
(26) What is the probability of a certain event?
(a) 0
(b) -1
(c) 1
(d) between - 1 and 1
(27) What will you say about a kewness, if in binomial distribution value of p = 4 ?

(a) Positive skewness

(b) Negative skewness
(c) Zero skewness
(d) Infinite skewness
(28) Population of graduates of Gujarat University, which type of is the population?
(a) Infinite
(b) Real
(c) Hypothetical
(d) None of these
(29) Which average is considered as an ideal average in the construction of index number?
(a) Simple mean
(b) Weighted mean
(c) Geometric mean
(d) Arithmetic mean
(30) If, a, 8, 32 are in G.P., what is the value of a?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 4
(d) None of these
S na , what is the value of r?
(31) When n
(a) 0
(b) -1
(c) < 1
(d) 1
(32) How many methods are there to fit the linear trend of the time series ?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
(33) How many are the important elements of a time series ?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
(34) Two events are A1 and A2. If A1 A2 is an impossible event, then what is the value of A1 A2
(a) A1 A2 = 0
(b) A1 A2 = f (c) A1 A2 = (0)
(a) A1 A2 = {f}
(35) In the Binomial expansion method how is the missing value obtained ?
(a) Dyn = 0
(b) Dny0 = 0
(c) Dy0 = 0
(d) Dnyn = 0
(36) The population for industrial survey which type of is this population?
(a) Finite
(b) Infinite
(c) Real
(d) Hypothetical
(37) Fisher's index number formula is ..



IF IL IP 100

I IL IP 100
(c) F
(38) If A and B are mutually independent events, then the value of P (A B) is equal to which?
(a) P(A B)
(b) P(A) + P(B)
(c) P(A) x P(B)
(d) P(A) - P(B)
(39) What expenditure of an item is taken as the weight in family budget method?
(a) Base year's expenditure
(b) Current year's expenditure
(c) Expenditure of selected year
(d) Average year's expenditure
(40) What is used to obtain the co-efficients of the terms of expansion (a + b) n, (where n is a positive
integer) ?
(a) log table
(b) random numbers' table
(c) Pascal's triangle
(d) tables of area
(41) A and B are mutually exclusive events. Hence A-B is which event?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) A B
(d) A B

(42) Write

the formula to find the common ratio of the G.P.

(a) Tn
(b) Tn1
(c) Sn
(d) Tn
(43) Which is an appropriate average for the construct the cost of living Index number?
(a) Simple average
(b) Weighted average
(c) Arithmetic mean
(d) Geometric mean
(44) If any two events A and B occur together, hence they are events of which type?
(a) omplementary event
(b) Union of events
(c) Intersection of events
(d) Mutually exclusive events
(45) In a binomial distribution, n = 8 and q = 4 , what is the value of its mean ?
(a) 6
(b) 2
(c) 0.5
(d) 1
(46) State the linear regression model representing the regression between two random variables Y and X.

(a) Y a bX
(b) X c bY
(c) Y X u
(d) Y X
(47) U and f are mutually which events ?
(a) Elementary
(b) Complementary
(c) Independent
(d) Exhaustive
(48) What is called the future values of variable quantity obtained by studying the time series ?
(a) trend
(b) estimation (c) forecast
(d) fitting
(49) In a binomial distribution, if p = q, then it is .
(a) Symmetrical distribution
(b) Skewed distribution
(c) Positively skewed distribution
(d) Negatively skewed distribution
(50) What is the value of p in the probability density function of normal distribution ?
(a) 3.1416
(b) 3.1614
(c) 2.1416
(d) 2.7183
(51) What is the base of accuracy for Newton's formula for interpolation ?
(a) Table of differences
(b) Differences of first order
(c) Differences of second or higher order
(d) None of these
b .
(52) State the maximum value of the product of regression coefficients yx and xy
(a) 1
(b) 0
(c) 3
(d) 2
(53) Which Index number's formula is considered as an Ideal Index number's formula?
(a) Laspyeyre (b) Paasche
(c) Fisher
(d) Trippett
(54) What type of measure is the correlation coefficient?
(a) Absolute
(b) Relative
(c) Average
(d) Ratio



(55) If
then what is the value of
(a) 0.1
(b) 0.4
(c) 0.2
(d) 0.8
(56) State the term representing the error of approximation in linear regression.

(a) E Y Y
(b) e y Y
(c) e x X
(d) e y Y
(57) 'The time series of a price of a commodity during week days.' Which type of the time series is ?

(a) Discrete
(b) Continuous
(c) Simple
(d) Moxed
(58) What is the common ratio for the consecutive five terms in the G.P.?
(a) r
(b) r
(c) r
(d) a
(59) State the range for the value of coefficient of determination R2.
(a) 1 R 1
(b) 0 R 1
(c) 0 R 1
(60) State the interval of probability of success P(S).
(a) (-1, 1)
(b) (-1, 0)
(c) (0, 1)
(61) What is the duration of oscillation for cyclic fluctuations ?
(a) 0 to 5 years
(b) 5 to 10 years
(c) 10 to 15 years
(d) 10 to 20 years
(62) Estimate of stratified mean Y is

(d) 1 R 0

N1 y1 N2 y 2

n1 y1 n2 y 2

N1 Y1 N2 Y 2
n1 Y1 n2 Y 2
r 1
(63) If the common ratio
, write the series formula.

(d) (-3, 3)

a[r n 1]
a[1 r n ]
rn 1
[1 r n ]
r 1
1 r
r 1
1 r
(64) Which is the important component of a time series ?
(a) Time
(b) variable quantity
(c) trend
(d) Constant (a, b)
(65) What is the common ratio for the first four consecutive terms assumed in the G.P.?

(a) r
(b) r
(c) r
(d) a
(66) By which method the cost of living Index number is constructured?
(a) Total Expenditure Method
(b) Paasche's Method
(c) Marshall's Method
(d) Family Budget Method
(67) How is the common ratio r in the G.P.?
(a) Equal
(b) Unequal
(c) Decreasing (d) Increasing
(68) Dy0 means
(a) y - y0
(b) y0 - y1
(c) y1 - y0
(d) y2 - y1
(69) What is the value of Sp(x) for the probability distribution p(x) of a disrete random variable ?
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) -1
(d) 2
(70) In a discrete time series which type of the variable time t is ?
(a) Random
(b) Continuous
(c) Discrete
(d) none of these
(71) How is a random variable represented symbolically defined on sample space U ?
(a) X : U R
(b) X : R U
(c) U : X R
(d) R : U X
(72) In Lagrange's formula what type of is each polynomial ?
(a) n degree of y
(b) n degree of x
(c) quadratic of x
(d) n degree of xy
(73) Which method of interpolation can be used when the distance between the consecutive values of the
independent variable x is not equal ?
(a) Newton's method
(b) Binomial expansion method

(c) Lagrange's method

(d) Fisher's method
(74) Who initiated first the scientific approach of probability? (March 06)
(a) Fisher and Yate
(b) Pascal and Fermat
(c) Smith and Kenddal
(d) Sir Francis Galton
(75) If the population contains real units then which type of is the population called?
(a) Finite population
(b) Infinite population
(c) Real population
(d) Hypothetical population
(76) In standard normal curve what percentage of observations of the distribution lie in the interval Z = 3 ?
(a) 98%
(b) 98.73%
(c) 99.73%
(d) 100%
(77) State the minimum value of r.
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) -1
(d) -3
(78) The mean of the normal distribution is 52. What will be the mode ?
(a) < 52
(b) > 52
(c) = 52
(d) 52
(S S y )?
(79) What is the value of r if, Covariance (x, y) = x
(a) 0
(b) -1
(c) 1
(d) None of three
(80) State the correct value of correlation coefficient from the following:
(a) 1.2
(b) -1.2
(c) 1.05
(d) -0.981
(81) In a binomial distribution, n = 6 and p = 0.6, what is the value of its variance ?
(a) 3.6
(b) 1.44
(c) 2.4
(d) 0.24
(82) A balanced die is thrown twice. What is the number of elements of its sample space?
(a) 6
(b) 12
(c) 36
(d) 24
(83) How many parts are contained in the sampling method?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
(84) What is not Indicated by the procedure of selecting the sample from the population?
(a) Statistician method
(b) Rules of selecting the units
(c) Probability of selecting the units
(d) Estimation procedure
(85) If

correlation coefficient between X and Y is

rxy 0.8,

then what is the value of correlation coefficient

between 2 and 2
(a) -0.8
(b) 0.2
(c) 0.4
(d) 0.8
(86) What Is the value of P (A) + P (A') ?
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) -1
(87) What is the symbol of probability distribution of a random variable X ?
(a) P(S)
(b) P(F)
(c) P(x)
(d) P(n)
(88) Write the first three consecutive terms of the G.P. whose first term = a and common ratio = r.
a a
, a, ar
a, , 2
(a) r
(b) ar, ar , ar
(c) a, ar, ar
(d) r r
(89) If the given values of the dependent variable y are y 0, y1, y2, ...., yn, then how many are the differences
of order one ?

(a) n
(b) n - 1
(c) n + 1
(d) none of these
(90) Which term is minimized in the method of least squares?
(a) Error term
(b) Sum of error term
(c) Square of error term
(d) Sum of squares of error term
(91) Which cannot be first term of the G.P.?
(a) Non-zero positive
(b) Non-zero negative
(c) Fraction
(d) Zero
(92) What is index number of base year?
(a) 0
(b) 10
(c) 100
(d) 1000
(93) U any two events A and B do not occur together, then they are events of which type?
(a) Complementary events
(b) Union of events
(c) Intersection of events
(d) Mutually exclusive events
(94) A B = 0. Hence, what is the value of P (A B) ?
(a) -1
(b) 0
(c) 1
(d) between -1 and 1
(95) State the assumption for three consecutive terms of the G.P.
, a, ar
, ar, ar 2
a, , ar
ar, a,
(a) r
(b) r
(c) r
(96) Write the co-efficient of n = 5 in Pascal's triangle.
(a) 2, 5, 10, 10, 5, 2
(b) 1, 5, 10, 5, 1
(c) 1, 5, 10, 10, 5, 1
(d) 1, 4, 6, 4, 1
(97) State the parameters of normal distribution.
(a) x and m
(b) x and s
(c) z and m
(d) m and s
(98) What types of distribution is the binomial distribution ?
(a) Continuous(b) Discrete
(c) Mixed
(d) Symmetrical
(99) Differences operator D is known by which name ?
(a) distance
(b) difference
(c) forward difference operator
(d) primary operator
(100) 'Group of natural numbers' which type of is the population?
(a) Finite
(b) Infinite
(c) Real
(d) Hypothetical