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1)

Two waves of equal frequencies have their amplitudes in the ratio of 3:5. They are

superimposed on each other. Calculate the ratio of maximum and minimum

intensities of the resultant wave.

2)

reflected and partly transmitted. The linear mass density of the second string is

four times that of the first string, and that the boundary between the two strings is

at x = 0. If the expression for the incident wave is,

yi A i cos(k1x 1t)

a) What are the expressions for the transmitted and the reflected waves in terms

of A i ,k1 and 1 ?

b) Show that the average power carried by the incident wave is equal to the sum

of the average power carried by the transmitted and reflected waves.

3)

y2 A sin(kx t)travelling on a string in opposite directions. Mass density of the

string is and area of cross-section is S. Find the total mechanical energy between

two adjacent nodes on the string.

4)

A string fixed at both ends has consecutive standing wave modes for which the

distance between adjacent nodes is 18cm and 16cm respectively.

a) What is the minimum possible length of the string?

b) If the tension is 10N and the linear mass density is 4g/m, what is the

fundamental frequency?

5)

between two rigid supports 60cm apart.

a) If the string is vibrating in its second overtone so that the amplitude at one of its

antinodes is 0.25cm, what are the maximum transverse speed and acceleration of

the string at antinodes?

b) What are these quantities at a distance 5.0cm from a node?

6)

A 2m wire fixed at both ends is vibrating in its fundamental mode. The tension in

the wire is 40N and the mass of the wire is 0.1kg. At the midpoint of the wire the

amplitude is 2cm.

a) Find the maximum kinetic energy of the wire.

b) At the instant the transverse displacement is given by (0.02m) sin (x / 2) , what

is the kinetic energy of the wire?

c) At what position on the wire does the kinetic energy per unit length have its

largest value?

d) Where does the potential energy per unit length have its maximum value?

7)

same cross-sectional area. This compound wire is stretched on a sonometer pulled

by a weight of 10kg. The total length of the compound wire between the bridges

is 1.5m of which the aluminum wire is 0.6m and the rest is steel wire. Transverse

vibrations are set-up in the wire by using an external source of variable frequency.

Find the lowest frequency of excitation for which the standing waves are formed

such that the joint in the wire is a node. What is the total number of nodes at this

frequency? The density of aluminum is 2.610 3kg/m3 and that of steel is 1.04104

kg/m3 (g 10m/ s2)

8)

obstacle the ratio of the amplitude at an antinode and a node is 1.5 . What

percentage of the energy passes across the obstacle?

9)

Two wires of different densities are soldered together end to end then stretched

under tension T. The wave speed in the first wire is twice that in the second wire.

a) If the amplitude of incident wave is A, what are amplitudes of reflected and

transmitted wave?

b) Assuming no energy loss in the wire, find the fraction of the incident power that

is reflected at the junction and fraction of the same that is transmitted.

10)

resonance with a vibrating tuning fork. The vibrating portion of the sonometer

wire has a length of 10cm and a mass of 1g. The vibrating tuning fork is now

moved away from the vibrating wire with a constant speed and an observer

standing near the sonometer hears one beat per second. Calculate the speed with

which the tuning fork is moved. The speed of sound in air is 300 m/s.

11)

A light string is tied at one end to a fixed support and to a heavy string of equal

length L at the other end as shown in figure. Mass per unit length of the strings is

and 9 and the tension is T. Find the possible values of frequencies such that

point A is a node/antinode.

12)

A string fixed at both ends is vibrating in the lowest possible mode of vibration of

which a point at quarter of its length from one end is a point of maximum

displacement. The frequency of vibration in this mode is 100Hz. What will be the

frequency emitted when it vibrates in the next mode such that this point is again a

point of maximum displacement?

13)

y1 10cos(5x 25t)

A wave is represented by

Where x is measured in meters and t is seconds. A second wave for which

3

14)

Find the ratio of the fundamental tone frequencies of two identical strings after one

of them was stretched by 1 2% and the other by 2 4% . The tension is

proportional to elongation.

15)

both ends. The separation between any two consecutive points where the

displacement amplitude is 3 2 mm is 20cm.

a) Determine the overtone is which the string is vibrating

b) Find also the maximum displacement amplitude.

16)

homogeneous medium of density . Find the expressions for the space density of

a) Potential energy p(x,t) ;

b) kinetic energy k (x,t).

17)

A string 120 cm in length sustains a standing wave, with the points of the string at

which the displacement amplitude is equal to 3.5mm being separated by 15.0 cm.

Find the maximum displacement amplitude.

To which overtone do these

oscillations correspond?

18)

Determine in what way and how many times will the fundamental tone frequency

of a stretched wire change if its length is shortened by 35% and the tension

increased by 70%.

19)

A string of mass m is fixed at both ends. The fundamental tone oscillations are

excited with circular frequency and maximum displacement amplitude amax . Find:

a) the maximum kinetic energy of the string:

b) the mean kinetic energy of the string averaged over one oscillation period.

KEY:

1)16 :1

3) E

2) a) yt

A 22s

k

2

Ai

A i cos(2k1x w1t), I

cos(k1x w1t)

r

3

3

4) a) 144cm

11)

1 T 1 T 3

,

,

22 L 2L

antinode.

8) 96%

9) a)

c) x = 1cm

A 2

, A

3 3

b)

1 8

,

9 9

T

3

etc when A is a node.

4L

T 5

,

4L

12) 300 Hz

13) 26.46m, (5x 25t 0.714) rad

over tone) b) 6mm

16) a) wp

1 2 2

a sin2 kx. cos2 t

2

b) wk

17)

19)

a) Tmax

Ai

cos(k1x w1t )

3

b) 17.36 Hz

1

2

2

m 2amax

b) T 1,8m2amax

4

d) x = 1m

T

etc when A is an

1 2 2

a cos2 kx. sin2 t

2

T

T 2times

18) Will increase

l

1

l

1

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