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SNOW THROWER.

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SNOW THROWER PROBLEM FLOW CHART


MODEL YEARS 1992 THROUGH 1996
600 & 700 SERIES MODELS (Small Frame)
(Drive System Related Problems)
1. Clutch lock system not functioning correctly. Either it is staying in the locked mode or it is not locking at all.
Answer
a. Refer to Service Kit No. 753-0532. On units manufactured between 1993 and 1996 it is important to
make sure the handle panel and handle assemblies are fastened squarely to the rest of the unit. Try
loosening off the left and right handle assemblies and aligning the entire assembly. Re-tighten the left
and right handle assemblies and recheck the operation of the clutch lock system.
2. Auger and wheel drive cables failing prematurely.
a. Ensure that both cables are correctly set. The correct tension is when there is about 1" of deflection in
each cable. The measurement should be taken half way between the lever and the frame assembly.
CAUTION: Do not overtighten these cables. The clutch lock system must function properly.
3. Auger or wheel drives slipping under minimal loads.
a. Ensure that the cables are set to the correct tension as indicated above. If wheel drive is still slipping
check that the aluminum friction disc and friction wheel are clean and dry.
NOTE: Make sure the hex jam nuts are also tight on each cable. If the cables are overtightened the friction
wheel rubber will crack and distort.
4. Unit is difficult to turn in confined areas.
a. Remove one of the wheel axle click pins and relocate it to the outer hole in the wheel axle. The unit will
turn much tighter.
5. Cracked drive wheel part no. 631-0002 on track drive models only.
a. Replace component with a new drive wheel.
NOTE: The part number is the same even though the part is now reinforced.
6. Steerable track system not functioning correctly in very cold damp weather.
a. Remove lower frame cover and thaw out the ice that has formed on the right and left hand dog assemblies.
NOTE: Check the left and right ring gear assemblies at this time for ice buildup as well. If excessive
amounts of ice are forming, it is likely that the unit is being backed up through deep snow which is
entering the frame assembly.
7. Aluminum drive disc part no. 656-0009 (1992 through 1996) or 656-0012 (1996 wheel drive models only)
coming loose.
a. If the drive disc is damaged it will have to be replaced. If it is just loose then apply some loctite to the
threads and reinstall the belleville washer and hex lock nut.
8. 79 tooth gear part no. 717-1288 breaking teeth and also damaging hex shaft part no. 717-1290.
a. Replace components with new part no. 717-1415A. The hex patch bolt will also have to be replaced
with part no. 710-0538.
NOTE: Torque to 13 ft. lbs.

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9. Friction wheel assembly part no. 718-0231 (1992 only) failing either by separation of the rubber friction
material or the brazed hub separating.
a. Replace component with new friction wheel service kit no. 753-0628 track models and 753-0629 wheel
drive models.
NOTE: Torque patch bolts in the hexagon shaft to (13 ft. lb. only) not 23 ft. lb. as shown on ST-117 and
ST-118.
10. Friction wheel assembly part no. 684-0042A (1996) separating at the splined hub.
a. Replace component with either a new 684-0042A or a 684-0042 and also a 716-0185 snap ring which
was used in 1995.
11. Auger pulleys part no. 756-0572 not staying secured to the pulley mounting adapter on 1992 units only.
a. Replace auger pulleys with new pulleys part no. 756-0957 and adapter part no. 748-0360.
12. Units encountering extremely stiff shifting.
a. Ensure that the hexagon shaft has been properly cleaned and lubricated. On retailed units this must
be performed every spring and fall. In extremely cold weather -35 to -50, the hexagon shaft can be
cleaned and lubricated with a light coating of diesel fuel.
13. Bolts shearing in the ends of the hexagon shaft. This was caused by waste materials from phosphating
and heat treating being left in the threaded holes. When the bolts are driven in they fracture from the inside
diameter of the holes being smaller than they should be.
a. If the bolt has broken off then it may have to be extracted with an easy out. If the hexagon shaft has
been damaged by falling into the transmission then replace with part no. 717-1415A. It now has holes
that are 5/16" in diameter instead of 1/4." The fasteners have been upgraded to grade (5). The new
part number is 710-0538.
(Other Miscellaneous Problems)
14. Chute adapter part no. 731-1306 (1992 only) failing.
a. Replace component with service kit no. 753-0535.
15. Chute cable guide part no. 731-1313 breaking.
a. Replace component with new part no. 731-1313B.
NOTE: Both chute control cables must be adjusted as per owners manual.
16. Head lamp bulb part no. 725-1645 failing prematurely (1992 through 1994).
a. Replace failed component with new bulb no. 725-1645. On units built between 1994 and 1996 use
bulb no. 725-1658.
CAUTION: The new bulb burns much hotter than the previous bulb. A new lamp housing has heat reflecting tape installed inside by the vendor. The part number is 725-1672. If replacement bulb burns
out, have a service dealer test the alternator output of the Tecumseh snow king engine. Units
have been found that have voltage spikes up to 50 volts.
17. Weld nuts inside the transmission frame missing or breaking off.
a. Install lock washer part no. 736-0119 and hex nut part no. 712-0267 in place of the weld nut.
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18. Auger housings 26", 28" and 30" cracking in each front corner at the bottom.
a. If the cracking is only less than 1" then you can install support brackets part no. 705-5238 and 7055239. If the cracking is more serious then the housing must be replaced.
NOTE: Beginning in 1995 the shave plate was changed. It now wraps up at each corner firmly securing the
auger housing.
19. Auger welds failing prematurely. This is generally caused by excessive loads or sudden impacts with ice
chunks or other hard pieces of debris.
a. The affected auger must be removed and re-welded and painted. If the flytes or spokes have been
damaged then the component must be replaced.
20. Premature failure of the auger gear box keys part no. 714-0388 (1992 through 1995) and 714-0161 (1995
through 1996).
NOTE: Failure of these keys is generally related to severe usage and impacts with hard debris or ice
chunks.
a. Replace broken key with new key part no. 714-0161.
CAUTION:Service dealer must take a close look at the condition of the augers and the fan assembly to
determine if the unit has been subject to severe use and possible ingestion of rocks or large
ice chunks.
21. Impeller fan paddles bending on part nos. 784-5187 (1992) and 784-5187A (1993 through 1996).
NOTE: This condition is generally related to severe usage or the ingestion of gravel into the fan area.
a. Replace component with new fan part no. 784-5187A.
NOTE: Service dealer must take a close look at the condition of the augers and the fan assembly to determine if the unit has been subject to severe use and possible ingestion of rocks or large ice chunks.
22. Frame assembly part no. 684-0030 (1992 through 1996) cracking around the engine mounting bolts and
also at the front left and right sides where the auger housing fastens to the frame.
a. Replace the component with part no. 684-0030. This component has undergone a series of changes.
The most recent changes are as follow: 1) The material composition has changed. 2) There has been
additional embossing added to the top of the frame. If you view the frame from the top you will see (3)
long embosses running from the front to the rear of the frame and an additional emboss at the rear of
the frame that joins the (3) long embosses together. This looks like the letter E. Finally there are (2)
additional circular embosses around the front two engine mounting holes.
NOTE: If the snow thrower is a 1992 model experiencing repeated cracking make sure the service dealer is
aware that Tecumseh Products Co. made a significant change to the crankshafts in both HM80 and
HM100 engines. They have added material to the counterweights to improve the harmonic balance
on these engines. The balance of the connecting rod and crankshaft are now equalized reducing
overall engine vibration. This information can be found in the 1992/1993 Tecumseh Technicians
Seminar Handbook on page 12.

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MODEL YEARS 1992 THROUGH 1996 900 SERIES MODELS


(Large Frame)
(Drive System Related Problems)
1. Stiff shifting from low speed to high speed and back.
a. There are (2) possible solutions to this problem. First check the drive clutch shaft assembly part no.
784-5563. Some were inadvertently painted with black powder paint instead of being phosphate
coated. The painting process increases the overall diameter of the shaft causing it to bind inside the
sliding linkage bracket assembly part no 784-5137. The drive clutch shaft assembly must be removed
and have the paint buffed off. The raw surface must be coated with a light film of lithium grease or an
equivalent substance.
NOTE: The bushings that are pressed into the ends of the sliding linkage bracket assembly sometimes collapse.
Open the I.D or inside diameter by running a round file around the opening. This will allow free movement
of the drive clutch shaft. The second thing you may want to look for is the friction wheel bearing part no.
741-0301 which is secured to the sliding linkage bracket assembly part no. 784-5137. The bearing assembly may not have been centered when the transmission was assembled at the factory. Loosen the (3) 1/4"20 fasteners on the bearing housing and rotate the wheels several times. The bearing will center itself. It is
then very important that the service dealer or consumer sequentially tighten the 3 fasteners. This will
ensure that the bearing is centered on the hexagon shaft.
2. Difficulty in rolling the unit forward or backwards.
a. This problem is usually limited to new production however it is possible to surface on retailed units.
Check the alignment of all of the chains and sprockets within the transmission. Varying tolerances on
the sprockets can cause a misalignment condition whereby the alignment of the upper and lower
sprockets is off by a bit. The drive chains being much harder than the sprocket material will eventually
wear the sprocket down to a point where the unit will roll much easier. Also check the chain support
bracket part no. 05520 to make sure it is not warped at all. A slight bend in this component will definitely affect the rolling motion of the chains.
(Other Miscellaneous Problems)
3. Auger welds failing prematurely. This is generally caused by excessive loads or sudden impacts with ice
chunks or other hard pieces of debris.
a. The affected auger must be removed and re-welded and painted. If the flytes or spokes have been
damaged then the component must be replaced.
4. Auger gear boxes leaking oil.
a. This problem is generally encountered on units that are still at the retail level or have been in storage
at the customers home. The problem often looks a lot worse than it really is especially on units that
are still in the carton. During extended periods of storage either in a heated warehouse or during the
summer, the grease inside the gear box will separate and break down into a mixture of grease and oil.
A very minute amount of oil tends to seep out past the cork gasket. This is entirely normal and will not
harm the internal components in any way at all. Once the snow thrower is started and the augers are
engaged the grease and the oil will be thoroughly mixed once again. This problem will be rectified in
1997 because the gear boxes will now be sealed with Loctite Ultra Grey Sealer and the cork gasket
will be removed.

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SNOW THROWER PROBLEM FLOW CHART


MODEL YEAR 1997
600/700 Series Snow Throwers Model Year 1997
Problem:

Friction wheel rubber traction disc part number 735-0243 becoming separated from between the two
side plates part number 784-5617. This problem was caused by the retooling of the side plates for
manufacturing on a progressive die. The embossed height of the side plates was .030" to .035" too
deep causing the plates to not grip the rubber friction disc properly.

Solution:

Replace the rubber traction disc and torque the 6 self tapping screws to between 6 and 9 foot/lbs.
each. If the aluminum drive plate part number 656-0012A has been scored it must also be replaced.
Recheck the drive wheel cable for correct tension.

Problem:

Auger welds failing prematurely on all 600/700 series snow throwers. The spokes and flytes are separating from each other as well as from the auger tube area.

Solution:

First visually verify whether the unit has been subjected to any abnormal conditions. Look for evidence
of impacts on the leading edge of each flyte. Also, check the left and right edges of the housing for evidence of impact. If there is no evidence of this then you should proceed with replacing the affected
auger.

Problem:

Misalignment between the engine pulley and auger pulleys on 600/700 series snow throwers. In
severe cases on 8 and 10 hp units, one of the two drive belts will roll off the rear auger pulley.

Solution:

Remove the fuel from the unit. Stand the snow thrower on end and remove the left and right wheel
assemblies. Remove the bottom frame cover and remove the hardware securing the bearings to the
hex shaft. With the hex shaft loose in the housing, remove the friction wheel bearing assembly and
remove the lower drive disc spring. Flip the pressure plate up out of the way and remove the bolt and
hardware securing the pulleys. Lift the pulleys off the auger shaft and remove the pulley adapter.
Install flat washer 736-0188 behind the pulley adapter. Reassemble in reverse order and check for correct alignment and test the operation of the unit.

Problem:

Reports from the field indicate that some customers with model 190-621 40" snow thrower attachment
have experienced premature drive belt failure. Investigation has revealed that excessive travel in the
lift handle latch bracket part number 703-2728A could allow the drive belt to become slack and fail prematurely.

Caution:

Select a firm level surface that is large enough to accommodate both the snow thrower and rider.
Engage the tractors parking brake and block the wheels. Follow all safety instructions contained in
the owners manual.

Solution:

Replace the existing idler extension spring with part number 732-0478 and ensure that the idler
bracket is tightened up to reduce any unwanted movement. Also make sure that the customer is not
placing the deck lift lever any further down than the fourth notch from the disengaged position. If it is,
the long drive belt will begin to whip excessively.
Check all four tires for proper inflation. Recommended tire pressure is 13 psi front and rear. 1) Raise
the rider by putting 2" wooden blocks under all four wheels. 2) Lower the blower attachment to its lowest position and measure the distance between the shave plate and the floor. If the distance is less
than 1" or the shave plate is on the floor proceed to step 4. Refer to illustration no. 5-1.

3)

Using 1" blocks as a guide, raise the snow thrower and put blocks between the shave plate and the
floor. Lower the snow thrower.
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4)

Refer to illustration no. 5-2. (Service Bulletin W-102) Place hex bolt with four flat washers through the
slot in the lift handle bracket. Secure with four flat washers, lock washer and nut. Four washers should
go on each side of the bracket with the hex nut on the outside of the bracket. The outside diameter of
the flat washer will limit the excessive travel of the lift handle latch bracket.

5)

Order and install drive belt part number 754-0455. Lower the attachment and check for proper operation.

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OVERVIEW OF 1995 SNOW THROWER CHANGES


1. Failure of the 735-0243 friction wheel rubber. Failure of the rubber ring is directly related to improper
adjustment of the wheel drive cable. Ideally we are looking for the cable to be set so there is around 1"-11/2" of deflection when the cable is set and the clutch lever is not engaged. We have seen many instances
where the cable is so tight you can strum a tune on it. This causes severe cracking and chunking of the
rubber. As the clutch lever is depressed it tilts the aluminum drive plate 656-0009 back into the friction
wheel. Since the wheel has no place to go, the rubber ring is squashed out and deformed. Under all this
added stress the rotating aluminum drive plate causes the cracking and chunking takes place.
2. Failure of either left or right auger assemblies on 26-30" units. What we saw here was the actual flytes separating from the spokes. It appears that the welds would pop off under severe loads. In many cases the
bead of weld would not be sufficient. Welding staff were notified and advised that the bead of weld must be
full length as per the print.
3. Failure of the 725-1645 halogen bulb. Up until 1995 this bulb was used. We would see failures where the
filament inside the bulb appeared to have broken. We would also see failures where the bulb had definitely
blown. The resulting arc was caused by Snow King engines that were creating voltage spikes often
approaching 50 volts. The alternators were specd out at 12.8 volts. This phenomenon was very difficult to
catch but with the correct type of voltage tester you could capture this. Tecumseh has acknowledged this
problem. what we have done is changed the filament within the halogen bulb. It is now much heavier and
better able to resist voltage spikes. The part number is 725-1658.
4. Failure of the 731-1313 cable guide. This part is used exclusively on units equipped with the remote tilt
chute feature. We were seeing many of these guides failing where they were secured with the 710-0776A
screw. The cable guide would under certain situations become frozen or extremely stiff to operate in the
very cold weather. When the lever on the control panel was pushed forward or pulled backwards the guide
would simply crack at the mounting area.

OVERVIEW OF 1996 SNOW THROWER CHANGES


General
In order to transfer more of the available power to the ground, changes were made to the major components of the drive train for both track and wheel drive units. While the individual components may not
appear to be much different, the combined effect of these changes provides the desired results. The inventory of some of the components is a major factor on the implementation of the following changes for 1996.
1. A new friction disc assembly 656-0012 replaces 656-0009. It is larger in diameter and is not compatible
with previous hexagon shafts. The new hexagon shaft 717-1444 has only 7 teeth and the roll pin location
which limits the travel of the friction wheel assembly has been changed to take advantage of the new
larger diameter drive disc. The new hex shaft now mates up with an 80 tooth gear 717-1445 instead of the
previous 79 tooth gear 717-1288. These changes significantly improve the gear reduction of the transmission.
2. Shear bolt 710-0890A replaces 710-0890. Its stress has been decreased approximately 17% by cutting
the groove deeper. This will provide greater protection to the worn drive assemblies.
3. Friction wheel assembly 684-0042A replaces 684-0042. The new assembly is wedged together instead of
being held together by a snap ring.

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4. Chute tilt cable guide 731-1313A replaces 731-1313. The new guide has significant reinforcement ribs on
each side of the mounting area.
5. The new 684-0042A friction wheel assembly that is wedged together has in some instances separated.
Testing has found that the powdered metal splined hub is not gripping the inside diameter of the friction
wheel bearing. The vendor will be increasing the density of the powdered metal for 1997. If this failure
occurs the dealer can take the bearing which has slipped off the splines and reinstall it onto last years hub
assembly 684-0042. It will have to be secured with snap ring 716-0185.
6. Clutch lock components binding during operation. This problem has been traced back to when the unit is
put into service. If we loosen the fasteners for the handle bar mounts and also the fasteners on each side
of the handle panel and give the assembly a slight tweak and ensure that the handle panel is sitting square
to the rest of the unit, this will allow the clutch lock components to pivot freely.
7. Something new for 1996 concerns the large frame 900 series snow thrower. We have had concerns
around extremely stiff shifting. This has been traced to 2 completely different areas. In the first case we
have found some 784-5563 drive clutch shaft assemblies that have been inadvertently painted instead of
phosphate coated. The painting process increases the overall diameter of the shaft causing it to bind
inside the 784-5137 sliding linkage bracket assembly. The only way to correct this is to remove the painted
part and grind or buff the powder paint off and coat the surface with either lithium grease or an equivalent
lubricant. Second is a problem with the friction wheel bearing which is secured to the sliding linkage
bracket assembly. It is not being centered 100% when assembled. By loosening all (3) 1/4"-20 fasteners
on the housings and rotating the wheel assemblies several times the bearing will center itself. It is then
very important to sequentially tighten the 3 fasteners. This will ensure that the bearing is centered on the
hexagon shaft.

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NEW FOR 1998 SNOW THROWERS


All new 800 series large frame wheel drive snow thrower. This new unit is very similar to the new style
900 series large frame units except it utilizes the new high profile auger housing and the new 16" impellor.
The 800 series snow thrower also has a redesigned transmission very similar in design to the new 900
series units without the steerable feature.
All new steerable wheel drive 900 series large frame snow thrower. The transmission utilizes many common components found on the 600 series steerable track drive snow thrower along with some brand new
parts unique to this model. This model is totally redesigned for 1998. This unit also has the new for 1997
high profile auger housing and 16" impellor (largest in the industry).
Both of these models have totally new friction wheel drive system utilizing an assembly very similar to
the 600 series units.

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SNOW THROWERS
5-1.

21-INCH SNOW THROWERS MODELS 180


THROUGH 191.

5-1.1

5-10

The only difference between Models 180 and


181 is Model 181 is an electric start unit. See
Table 5-1.

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5-1.3

Belt Removal or Replacement.

1. Remove belt cover by removing screws with a


3/8 inch wrench and (if applicable) a Phillips
screwdriver. See Figure 5-6.

5-1.2

Operating Controls.

1. Squeeze control handle to engage augers and


drive unit forward. Pushing downward on handle will raise augers off the ground and stop
the forward motion. See Figure 5-5.
NOTE
Excessive upward pressure on the handle will
cause premature wear on rubber auger blades.
The depth of snow will affect the forward speed
(e.g., the deeper the snow, the slower the forward speed).

2. Pull upward on idler pulley and slip belt off


engine pulley. See Figure 5-7.
3. Push down on idler pulley and slip belt off
auger pulley. See Figure 5-7.
4. Reassemble new belt in reverse order.

2. Release control handle to stop snow throwing


action.

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5-1.4

Belt Adjustment.
NOTE
Periodic adjustment of belt tension may be
required due to normal stretch and wear on the
belt. Adjustment is needed if augers seem to
hesitate while turning but the engine maintains the same speed.

1. Remove belt cover.


2. There are three adjustment holes provided in
the idler brake bracket assembly for belt tension adjustment. The front three holes are for
Model 191, and the rear three holes are for
Models 180 and 181. Move extension spring
on the end of the clutch cable to the next
higher adjustment position on idler brake
bracket assembly. See Figure 5-8.

5-12

3. Reassemble belt cover.

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GASOLINE AND OIL MIXTURE


The snow thrower uses a two cycle engine that
requires a mixture of gasoline and oil for lubrication of bearings and other moving parts. The
correct fuel/oil mixture ratio for the five horsepower engine is 50 to 1. Use fuel/oil mixture
chart shown below.
4. Unscrew cap and fill container with gasoline.
Shake container again.

CAUTION
Observe recommended gasoline to oil mixture
ratio to prevent engine damage.

DANGER
Always fill fuel tank outdoors and use a funnel
or spout to prevent spilling. Never fill the gas
tank while the engine is running or is hot.
Immediately wipe off any spilled gasoline
before attempting to start engine. DO NOT
SMOKE while filling the fuel tank.
5. Remove fuel tank cap and carefully pour mixed
gasoline into fuel tank, filling to 1/2 inch below
filler neck to allow room for expansion. Never
put plain, unmixed gasoline into fuel tank.
Shake gasoline container each time before filling fuel tank.

NOTE
DO NOT USE GASOLINE CONTAINING
METHANOL (WOOD ALCOHOL). Gasoline
containing up to 10% ethanol or grain alcohol
(Gasohol) may be used but requires special
care when engine is unused for extended periods. See STORAGE instructions in engine
manual.
Gasoline and oil must be pre-mixed in a clean
gasoline container. Always use fresh,
unleaded, winter grade gasoline. Never use
stale gasoline left over from last season or
stored for long periods.

NOTE
The snow thrower engine is designed to operate at cold temperatures. Avoid operating the
snow thrower if air temperature is 40 C or
warmer since engine may vapor lock and stop
running after a short time. Engine will be difficult to start in warm weather.
AUGER CLUTCH CABLE

1. Fill approved clean container one quarter full


with fresh unleaded gasolineone quart in a
one gallon container.
2. Pour recommended amount of high quality two
cycle oil2.5 oz. into gasoline container for
one gallon of gas.
NOTE
DO NOT USE MULTIVISCOSITY OILS, SUCH
AS 10W-30 or 10W-40.
3. Reinstall cap on gasoline container and shake
container vigorously so oil mixes with gasoline.

The length of the auger clutch cable is adjustable, however, it will seldom be necessary to
change the cable length since the operating
tension on the drive belt is maintained by the
clutch engaging spring on the end of the cable.
If the auger turns slowly under heavy load or
momentary squealing of drive belt is heard
when entering heavy snow, pressure applied to
drive belt by idler pulley must be increased by
reducing length of cable.
The engine cover and cowling must be
removed to gain access to the cable adjusting
nuts.
To determine that proper pressure is being
applied to the drive belt by the clutch idler pul-

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ley, measure the spring while the clutch control


on the handle is in the disengaged position.
RECORD THIS MEASUREMENT.
Pull the clutch control against the handle and
again measure the spring. The measurement
obtained with the spring extended should be 7/
16 inch greater than with the spring unextended.
If cable adjustment becomes necessary, use
the adjusting nuts on the cable to alter the
length. Reducing the cable length will increase
idler pulley pressure on the belt.
Start the snow thrower engine and pull back on
clutch control to operate auger. Release clutch
control and check to be sure auger stops turning.
If auger continues to turn after clutch control is
released, cable is too tight and will have to be
adjusted to make it longer. Cable must be
slightly slack when clutch control is released
(away from handle).
Reinstall the engine cover/cowling.

1. Remove key from ignition switch.


2. Remove belt cover as explained under Belt
Cover.
3. Remove engine cover/cowling.
4. Move the auger control bail on the handle and
slip the belt out from between the brake lever
and roller and away from the idler pulley.
5. Remove the belt from the engine and auger
pulleys.
6. Install new belt around engine and auger pulleys and underneath idler pulley. The ribbed
side of the belt must be to the inside, against
auger and engine pulleys. Slip belt into place
between brake lever and roller.
7. Start engine and engage and disengage auger
clutch control to be sure that auger stops turning when clutch control is released.
8. If auger does not stop turning when control is
released, tension of clutch control cable must
be adjusted.
9. Reinstall belt cover and engine cover/cowling.

REPLACING DRIVE BELT

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5-2.
20-INCH SNOW THROWER MODEL 225
(See Figure 5-11).

5-2.1

5-2.2

Auger Clutch Control Adjustment. To check


for correct adjustment, squeeze auger clutch
grip against handle so lockout rod is engaged.
With lockout rod engaged, you should be able
to get a matchbook cover between the coils of
the compression spring (spring should not be
compressed tightly). If there is no space
between spring coils, adjust lock nut using a 7/
16 inch wrench until correct adjustment is
reached. See Figure 5-13.

5-2.3

Shift Rod Adjustment. With both shift lever


and shift rod in neutral, thread shift rod in or
out of the ferrule as necessary until the end of
the rod lines up with the hole in shift lever.
Insert end of rod into hole in shift lever and
secure with hairpin cotter. See Figure 5-14.

Drive Clutch Control Adjustment.

1. Hold clutch grip so that grip is approximately


1/4 inch away from handle. See Figure 5-12.

CAUTION
Do not overtighten control wire. Too much tension may cause it to break.
2. Adjust clutch control cable so that the slack is
taken out of control wire by adjusting two hex
nuts at cable support bracket.
3. After tightening the two hex nuts the control
wire should now be straight; if not, readjust.

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5-2.4 Rear Axle Chain Adjustment.


3. Tighten hex bolts.
1. Tip snow thrower forward so it rests on auger
housing.

4. If chain is still loose, readjust.

2. Loosen two hex nuts at wheel axle on the right


hand side of snow thrower housing. See Figure 5-15

NOTE
Lubricate all chains, bearings, gears and shifting mechanism with engine oil at least once a
season or after every 25 hours of operation.
Avoid getting oil on V-belts and pulleys.

3. Lift up on right wheel to take slack out of chain


as you retighten nuts.
5-2.6

Belt Removal and Replacement.

4. If chain is still loose, readjust.


WARNING
5-2.5

Auger Chain Adjustment.

1. Loosen hex bolts on each side of auger housing.


2. Place a screwdriver on chain adjuster and
pivot by lifting up on the screwdriver to take the
slack out of the chain.

5-17

Remove spark plug wire from spark plug and


ground. Drain gasoline from fuel tank, or place
a piece of plastic film underneath gas cap to
prevent gasoline from leaking.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 18 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

1. Remove three self-tapping screws from belt


cover using a 7/16 inch wrench. See Figure 516.

2. Remove belt keeper by removing self-tapping


screw. A 9/16 inch wrench is required. See Figure 5-17.

5. Removing large shoulder bolt which acts as a


belt keeper by removing hex nut and lock
washer on the outside of frame assembly. A
9/16 inch wrench is required. See Figure 5-19.

6. Remove auger drive belt as follows:


3. Tip snow thrower forward so that it rests on
auger housing.
4. Remove two self-tapping screws in bottom
cover with a 1/2 inch wrench. Lift cover out.
See Figure 5-18.

5-18

a. Slip auger drive belt off engine pulley. See


Figure 5-20.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 19 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5
b. Lift belt out of sheave of bottom pulley.
c.

Slide belt out of bottom of chain case.

d. Install new belt.


7. Remove drive belt as follows:
a. First slip auger drive belt off engine pulley.
See Figure 5-21.
b. Slip drive belt over double engine pulley.
c.

Slide belt off bottom pulley and out of bottom of chain case.

d. Install new drive belt.


e. Reinstall auger drive belt.
8. Reassemble by reversing steps 1 through 7.
9. Remove plastic film from gas cap.
CAUTION

5-3.1

Model Specifications. For a summary of


specifications for these models, see Table 5- 2.

Check engine and snow thrower frequently for


loose nuts, bolts, etc., and keep these items
tightened.

5-3.2

Shift Rod Adjustment. Refer to Model 225 in


paragraph 5-2.3.

5-19

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 20 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-20

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 21 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-3.3

Drive Clutch Adjustment.

1. Unhook spring at the lower end of engagement


rod from drive bracket. See Figure 5-23.

5
3. Squeeze auger clutch grip all the way down
against handle and check the position of brake
linkage. It should be against idler pulley. If necessary, adjust ferrule on end of auger rod until
the slot on brake linkage is over against idler
pulley with auger clutch grip all the way down
against handle. See Figure 5-25

2. Adjust nut on engagement rod until hook is


aligned with center of hole in drive bracket.
3. Hook spring into drive bracket. (Spring should
be loose.)
4. Engage clutch grip. The spring should tighten
and bracket should raise. The bracket in the
raised position engages the drive to the
wheels.
5-3.4

4. Secure ferrule to auger level with flat washer


and hairpin cotter.

Auger Clutch Adjustment.

1. Remove belt cover which is held in place with


four self-tapping screws.
2. Locate brake linkage assembly (bracket with
slot). See Figure 5-24.

5. Replace belt cover using four self-tapping


screws. Be careful not to overtighten self-tapping screws to prevent stripping.
5-3.5

5-21

Drive System. The drive system on this unit is


similar to the drive system used on Models
600, 800 and 960 snow throwers. However,
this drive system is not as complex as on the
other models and therefore requires fewer
moving parts. See Figure 5-26.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 22 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-3.6

Changing Friction Wheel.

1. Move shift lever into reverse position. This will


move friction wheel over to the extreme left
side inside the frame.
2. Tip snow thrower up and forward so that it
rests on housing or optional drift cutters.
3. Remove bottom frame cover by using a 3/8
inch wrench to remove six self-tapping screws.
4. Using a 1/2 inch wrench, remove three hex
bolts holding friction wheel to friction wheel
adapter. See Figure 5-27.
NOTE
It may be necessary to tap friction wheel with a
hammer to knock it loose.

6. Fasten friction wheel to friction wheel adapter


with three hex bolts. Tighten each nut in rotation until they are finger tight.

5. Assemble new friction wheel so cupped side is


opposite friction wheel adapter.

7. Spin wheel to see that it is not cocked on hub.


Then using a 1/2 inch wrench, tighten securely.
8. Replace bottom frame cover.

5-22

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 23 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-3.7

Drive Wheels (Models 550 and 586 Only).


The wheels on the Models 550 and 586 snow
throwers may be adjusted for three different
methods of operation. The adjustment is made
by placing the klik pins in one of the two different holes on each side of the unit as follows.
See Figure 5-28.

3. Remove two engine pulley belt guards. See


Figure 5-30.

1. Free wheeling operationPlace both klik pins


in the outside hole in axle. This position allows
easier movement when engine is not running.
2. Both wheels drivingPlace both klik pins in
the hole in hub next to rim. This position is
good for heavy snow as there is power drive in
both wheels.
3. One wheel drivingPlace klik pin in the outside axle hole on one side and in the hole in
hub next to rim on the other. This position gives
power drive to one wheel only making the unit
easier to maneuver.
4. Disconnect auger drive belt from engine pulley.
5-3.8

Belt Removal and Replacement.


5. Separate the snow thrower into two halves as
follows:

WARNING
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug
and ground. Drain gasoline from fuel tank or
place a piece of plastic film underneath the gas
cap to prevent gasoline from leaking.

a. Using a 9/16 inch wrench, remove top


bolts which attach auger housing to frame
assembly. Loosen (do not remove) bottom
bolts.

1. Remove chute crank at chute assembly by


removing cotter pin and flat washer.

2. Remove plastic belt cover by removing hex


bolts and flat washers. See Figure 5-29.

5-23

Lift up on auger drive belt to pull auger


housing off frame assembly. The snow
thrower will separate into two halves. See
Figure 5-31.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 24 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

6. To remove auger drive belt, remove four shoulder bolts and belleville washers at auger pulley. A 3/4 inch wrench is required. See Figure
5-32.

7. Remove and replace auger belt.


8. To remove drive belt, disconnect extension
spring at engine plate.
9. Remove drive belt from engine pulley and bottom of drive pulley. See Figure 5-33.
10. Replace belt and reassemble in reverse order.
11. Reassemble two snow thrower halves.

5-24

NOTE
Be sure auger arm assembly pin is into slot of
auger clutch bracket before inserting top bolts
into auger housing and frame. See Figure 534.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 25 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-4.

SNOW THROWERS MODELS 552 AND 588


(See Figure 5-35).

5-4.1

Drive clutch adjustment. Refer to Models 440


and 450 in paragraph 5-3.3.

5-4.2

Auger clutch adjustment. Refer to Models 440


and 450 in paragraph 5-3.4.

5-4.3

Shift rod adjustment. Refer to Models 440 and


450 in paragraph 5-3.2.

5-4.4

Belt removal and replacement. Refer to Models 440 and 450 in paragraph 5-3.8.

5-4.5

Track Chain Replacement.

1. Block up frame of the unit so tracks are off the


ground.
2. Loosen hex nut on track adjusters. Move track
adjusters so that all tension is removed.
3. Roll track off. See Figure 5-36.
4. Remove chain by disconnecting master link.
See Figure 5-37.
5. Reassemble in reverse order with new chain.
When reassembling track, be certain the
thread on the track is assembled in the proper
direction. See Figure 5-38.

5-25

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 26 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-4.6

2. Loosen hex bolt on track adjuster.

Track Adjustment.
WARNING

NOTE

Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug


and ground against engine. Drain fuel from fuel
tank.

The track is properly adjusted when there is


approximately 1/2 inch deflection in the track
(track can be raised 1/2 inch).
3. Insert a screwdriver between tab on adjuster
and heavy washer and pivot track adjuster to
tighten or loosen track.

CAUTION
The tension on the tracks of the snow thrower
can be adjusted. There are track adjusters on
each side of both tracks. It is important that
each track is adjusted equally on both sides.

4. Tighten hex bolts.


5-4.7

1. Tip snow thrower forward so that it rests on


housing or optional drift cutters and skid
shoes.

5-26

Track Lock Lever Adjustment. See Figure 539.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 27 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-27

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 28 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

The track lock is located on the right side of


snow thrower and is used to select the position
of the housing and the method of track operation. Move the lever to the right, then forward
or backward to one of the three positions. Use
lever positions to meet different operating conditions as follows.

after every 10 hours of operation. Avoid getting


oil on friction wheel and drive plate. See Figure
5-41.

1. TransportRaises front end of snow thrower


for easy transport. May also be used to gravel
driveways to clear snow and leave gravel
undisturbed.
2. Normal snowAllows tracks to be suspended
independently for continuous ground contact.
3. Packed snowLocks front end of snow
thrower down to the ground for hard-packed or
icy snow conditions.
5-5.

DOUBLE AUGER SNOW THROWERS MODELS 345, 355 AND 385 (See Figure 5-41).

5-5.1

Drive clutch adjustment. Refer to Models 440


and 450 in paragraph 5-3.3.

5-5.2

Auger clutch adjustment. Refer to Models 440


and 450 in paragraph 5-3.4.

5-5.3

Shift rod adjustment. Refer to Models 440 and


450 in paragraph 5-3.2.

5-5.4

Chain and Shifting Mechanism. Lubricate all


chains, bearings, gears and shifting mechanism with engine oil at least once a season or

5-28

WARNING
Remove spark plug wire from spark plug and
ground. Drain gasoline from fuel tank, or place
a piece of plastic film underneath the gas cap
to prevent gasoline from leaking.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 29 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-29

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 30 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-5.5

Auger Belt Removal and Replacement.

NOTE

1. Remove chute crank at chute assembly by


removing cotter pin and flat washer.

Upon reassembly, make certain spacers are


on the carriage bolts inside the side cover.

2. Remove side and rear belt covers from right


hand side of auger housing as follows:

c.

a. Model 345: Remove hex nut and belleville


washer from front of skid shoe. Remove
two self-tapping screws. See Figure 5-43.

b. Models 355 and 385: Remove upper hex


nut and lock washer on drift cutter on the
right side of the unit. Remove hex nut and
belleville washer from the front of skid
shoe. Remove two truss machine screws
on top of the unit. See Figure 4-44.

All models: Remove belt cover on the back


of auger housing by removing two self-tapping screws on Model 345. On Models 335
and 385, remove one self-tapping screw.
Lift off belt covers. See Figure 5-45.

3. Remove top plastic belt cover by removing four


self-tapping screws and flat washers. See Figure 5-46.

4. Remove top bolts which attach auger housing


to frame assembly. A 9/16 inch wrench is
required. See Figure 5-47.

5-30

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 31 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5
5. Loosen (do not remove) bottom bolts which
attach auger housing to frame assembly.
6. Remove two engine pulley belt guards and
shoulder bolts. Disconnect fan belt from engine
pulley. See Figure 5-48.

9. Remove belt from auger pulleys as follows:


a. Model 345: Remove center bolts from both
idler pulleys. Slide auger pulleys out
enough to slide belt off.
b. Models 355 and 385: Place a block of
wood between housing and augers to
keep auger pulleys from turning. Remove
pulleys by turning center hub. See Figure
5-50.

7. Separate auger housing from frame assembly.


8. Unhook idler spring. See Figure 5-49.

5-31

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 32 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-6.

28-INCH SNOW THROWERS MODELS 840


AND 850 (See Figure 5-51).

5-6.1

Drive and Auger Clutch Adjustments.


Adjust drive and auger clutch as follows:

NOTE
The lockout rods are labeled L and R for the
left and right hand sides of the unit.
1. Approximate initial settings for the lockout rods
are as follows: the left hand lockout rod for the
drive clutch should have approximately 1-1/2
inches of thread showing below the nut. The
right hand lockout rod for auger clutch should
have approximately 1/4 inch of thread showing
below the nut.
2. If 1/4 inch of thread is not showing below the
nut, adjust nut on lockout rod by sliding spring
up. Use a 7/16 inch wrench to move nut on the
end of rod up or down as necessary until the
hook on the spring aligns with the center of the
hole in the bracket. See Figure 5-54.

3. If left hand lockout rod is not adjusted correctly,


shift lever cannot be shifted past neutral. If
right hand lockout rod is not adjusted correctly,
augers will not stop rotating. Readjust as necessary.
CAUTION
There must not be any tension on either clutch
rod spring with the drive or auger clutch grip in
the disengaged (up) position. These clutches
are a safety feature and their function can be
overridden if there is tension on either spring
with the clutches disengaged.

5-32

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 33 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-6.2

Shift Rod Adjustment Check. Check shift rod


adjustment as follows:

5. Insert end of rod into hole in shift lever and


secure with hairpin cotter.

WARNING

6. Recheck the adjustment.

Disconnect spark plug wire and ground it


against engine.

5-6.4

Changing Friction Wheel. Change friction


wheel as follows:

1. Place shift lever in the neutral position. Push


the unit back and forth. It should move freely.

1. Tip snow thrower forward and let it rest on the


housing or optional drive cutters.

2. Engage drive clutch grip (located on left handle) by squeezing clutch grip against handle.
Push the unit back and forth. It should still
move freely. If wheels tend to lock up, adjustment is necessary.

2. Remove four self-tapping screws holding rear


cover.

5-6.3

Shift Rod Adjustment. Adjust shift rod as follows:

1. Place shift lever in the fastest forward position


(5th speed).
2. Remove hairpin cotter which secures shift rod
to shift lever and remove rod from lever.
3. Push shift rod all the way forward.

3. Slide out rear cover.


4. Using two 1/2 inch wrenches, loosen and then
remove three hex nuts and lock washers holding friction wheel to friction wheel adapter.
NOTE
It may be necessary to strike the friction wheel
with a soft hammer to knock it loose.
5. Slide friction wheel off the end of hex shaft.
See Figure 5-55.

4. Thread shift rod in or out of ferrule one or two


turns as necessary, until the end of the rod
lines up with the hole in the shift lever.

5-33

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 34 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-34

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 35 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

6. Assemble new friction wheel so the cupped


side is towards friction wheel adapter.
7. Fasten friction wheel to friction wheel adapter
with three lock washers and hex nuts. Tighten
each nut in rotation until they are finger tight.
Spin wheel to see that it is not cocked on hub.
Then tighten using two 1/2 inch wrenches.
8. Replace rear cover.
5-6.5

Belt Removal and Replacement. Remove


and replace belt as follows:

1. Remove chute crank at chute assembly by


removing cotter pin and flat washer.

2. Remove plastic belt cover on the front of


engine by removing three self-tapping screws
and flat washers. See Figure 5-56.
4. Slip auger drive belt (front belt) off engine pulley. See Figure 5-58.

3. Remove large shoulder bolt and spacer on


right hand side of engine pulley with an adjustable wrench. Remove shoulder bolt and
spacer from idler bracket assembly with one
hand. Use the other hand to catch belleville
washer which is on shoulder bolt between idler
bracket and engine plate. See Figure 5-57.

5-35

5. Remove top screws and lock washers which


attach auger housing assembly to the frame
assembly. A 9/16 inch wrench is required. See
Figure 5-59.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 36 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

6. To separate auger housing from frame assembly, two people are required. One person is in
the operating position. Squeeze auger clutch
grip (right hand) as you raise up on handles.
The other person is in front of the unit. Push
down on housing or optional drift cutters. The
unit will separate into two pieces. See Figure
5-60.

2. Remove auger drive belt.


NOTE
If drive belt needs to be replaced, skip to paragraph 5-6.7 before proceeding to step 3.
3. Reassemble pulley to auger housing with hex
screw and belleville washer (cupped side is
toward the pulley). Be certain key is in place on
shaft.
4. Reassemble the two halves of unit. Two people
are required.
NOTE
If the two halves do not reassemble easily,
idler pulley and/or brake shoe may be behind
large pulley.
5. Secure the two halves with two screws and
lock washers.
6. Slip auger drive belt over engine pulley.

5-6.6

Auger Belt Removal. To remove auger belt,


proceed as follows:

1. Remove hex screw and belleville washer from


the center of pulley on auger housing. Remove
pulley. Be careful not to lose key. See Figure 561.

5-36

7. Reassemble large shoulder bolt, spacer and


belleville washer as shown. Belleville washer
goes on shoulder bolt between idler bracket
assembly and engine plate (cupped side
toward engine plate).

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 37 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

NOTE
Shoulder of the bolt must go through both
sides of idler bracket assembly.
8. Reassemble belt cover and chute crank.
5-6.7

Drive Belt Removal. To remove drive belt,


proceed as follows:

1. Remove cotter pin which holds linkage rod to


idler bracket assembly.
2. Unhook extension spring from engine plate.
See Figure 5-62.

3. Remove drive belt from engine pulley and bottom drive pulley.

5-7.2

Drive clutch adjustment. Refer to Models 840


and 850 in paragraph 5-6.1.

5-7.3

Auger clutch adjustment. Refer to Models 840


and 850 in paragraph 5-6.1.

5-7.4

Shift rod adjustment. Refer to Models 840 and


850 in paragraph 5-6.3.

5-7.5

Changing the friction wheel. Refer to Models


840 and 850 in paragraph 5-6.4. See Figure 555.

4. Replace belt and reassemble in reverse order.


5-7.

33-INCH SNOW THROWER MODEL 960


(See Figure 5-63).

5-7.1

Model Specifications. For a summary of


specifications, see Table 5-3.

5-37

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 38 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

1. The augers are secured to spiral shaft with two


hex bolts and hex lock nuts. If you hit a foreign
object or ice jam, the snow thrower is designed
so that the hex bolts will shear. See Figure 566.

5-7.6

2. If augers will not turn, check to see if hex bolts


have sheared. Two replacement hex bolts and
hex lock nuts have been provided with the
snow thrower. For future use, order part number 710-0891 (hex bolt 5/16-18 x 1.75 inch
long) and 712-0429 (hex insert lock nut 5/1618 thread).

Gear Case Lubrication. The gear case is


lubricated with 4 ounces Shell Alvania grease
EPR00 (order part number 737-0168). See
Figure 5-65.

5-7.8

Differential. The differential is sealed at the


factory and does not require checking. If disassembled for any reason, lubricate with 3/4
ounce of Plastilube #0. Order part number
737-0166. See Figure 5-67.
NOTE
The differential assembly can be serviced as a
complete assembly (717-0306).

5-7.7

Auger Mounting Bolts. Augers are attached


with special bolts as follows:

5-38

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 39 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-39

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 40 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-8.

SNOW THROWERS MODELS 610E, 640F,


660G, 616E, 646F AND 666G (See Figure 568).

1994 to Present:
1. With the snow thrower tipped forward (be certain to drain the gasoline or place plastic film
under the gas cap if the snow thrower has
already been operated), remove the frame
cover underneath the snow thrower by removing six self-tapping screws.
2. With the traction drive clutch released, there
must be clearance between the friction wheel
and the drive plate in all positions of the shift
lever. With the traction drive clutch engaged,
the friction wheel must contact the drive plate.
See Figure 5-69.
3. If adjustment is necessary, loosen the lock nut
on the traction drive cable and thread the cable
in or out as necessary. Tighten the lock nut to
secure the cable when correct adjustment is
reached. Reassemble the frame cover.
NOTE

5-8.1

Traction Drive Clutch Adjustment. Adjust


traction drive clutch as follows: 1993 and Prior:

If you placed plastic under the gas cap, be certain to remove it.

1. To check the adjustment of traction drive


clutch, move shift lever to the fast reverse position then all the way forward to sixth (6) position. It should move freely.
NOTE
Before 1992 there was a neutral position and
only 5 forward speeds and 1 reverse speed. In
1992 neutral was removed. Forward speeds
were increased from 5 to 6. Reverse was
increased to 2 speeds. To obtain neutral on the
later models, release the clutch lock or the
handle.
2. If it does not move to all positions, adjust as
follows:
a. Loosen lock nut and loosen the cable several turns.
b. Check movement of shift lever again.
c.

Tighten lock nut against cable when correct adjustment is reached.

1. To check adjustment of auger drive clutch,


push forward on the left hand clutch grip
(depress rubber bumper). There should be
slack in the cable. Release clutch grip. The
cable should be straight. Make certain you can
depress auger drive clutch grip against left
handle completely.
2. If adjustment is needed adjust as follows:

5-40

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 41 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

NOTE

WARNING

Auger drive and traction lockout rods replaced


by cables in 1992.

Disconnect and ground spark plug wire against


engine.

a. Loosen hex nut and thread cable in or out


as necessary. See Figure 5-70.

a. With clutch grips released, push the unit


back and forth. You should be able to
move it.
b. Engage traction drive clutch by squeezing
clutch grip against right handle. Push the
unit back and forth. The wheels should
lock up.
2. If adjustment is needed adjust as follows:
a. Remove hairpin clip which secures shift
rod to shift arm assembly.
b. Place shift lever in the sixth (6) speed position (all the way forward).
c.

Push down on shift arm assembly as far as


it will go and shift rod into ferrule until end
of shift rod lines up with hole in shift arm
assembly.

d. Secure with flat washer and hairpin clip.


Recheck adjustment.
e. Recheck adjustment.

b. Recheck adjustment.
c.

5-8.3

Tighten lock nut against cable when correct adjustment is reached.

5-8.4

Shift Rod Adjustment.

1. Check for correct adjustment of shift rod as follows:

5-41

Drive System Changes.

1. Previous to 1992 gear boxes were a bevel


gear style. In 1992 they were changed to a
worm gear drive style.
2. In 1992 the wheel drive changed from chain
driven to gear driven. The friction disc slides on
gear shift shaft to determine direction and
speed when engaged against the drive plate.
See Figure 5-71.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 42 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5-8.5

Blade impellers, in 1991 and prior years, were


a 4-blade style. In 1992 they were changed to
a 3-blade style. See Figure 5-72.

5-8.6

Augers were also changed in 1992. They are


now notched to break up ice and packed snow.
See Figure 5-73.

5-8.7

Replacing Friction Wheel Rubber. The rubber on the friction wheel is subject to wear and
should be checked after 25 hours of operation,
and periodically thereafter. Replace the friction

5-42

wheel rubber if any signs of wear or cracking


are found.

WARNING
Drain gasoline from snow thrower or place a
piece of plastic under gas cap.
1. Tip snow thrower up and forward so that it
rests on the housing.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 43 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

2. Remove self-tapping screws from frame cover


underneath snow thrower.
3. Remove klik pins which secure the wheels,
and remove wheels from axle.
4. Remove gear shaft from the unit by removing
bolts, lock washers and flat washers from each
side of the frame. See Figure 5-74.

5
8. Slide the friction wheel assembly up onto shift
mechanism and slide gear shaft back into the
unit.
9. Reassemble in reverse order.
10. Remove plastic from under gas cap, if used.
5-8.8
5. Hold friction wheel assembly and slide gear
shaft out of the unit toward right hand side.
See Figure 5-75.
6. Remove the six screws from the friction wheel
assembly (three from each side). Remove the
friction wheel rubber from between the friction
wheel plate.

Belt Removal and Replacement.

WARNING
Disconnect spark plug wire and ground it
against engine.
1993 and Prior:

7. Reassemble new friction wheel rubber to the


friction wheel assembly, tightening the six
screws in rotation and with equal force.

1. Disconnect chute crank at chute assembly by


removing cotter pin and flat washer.
NOTE
On some 1992 units, reports from the field indicate that some of the plastic chute adapters
are breaking on Models 610E, 640F and 660G
snow throwers. The parts were found to be
made with inferior plastic. Install service kit
753-0535. The kit contains an improved chute
adapter and reinforcement bracket with hardware.

5-43

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 44 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

2. Remove plastic belt cover on the front of


engine by removing two self-tapping screws.
See Figure 5-76.

6. To remove front auger drive belt, push idler


pulley to the left and lift front auger drive belt
from front auger pulley. See Figure 5-79.
3. Unthread the bottom of auger cable from the
top of cable leaving hex nut in place.
4. Remove six hex bolts, lock washers and hex
nuts which attach auger housing assembly to
the frame. See Figure 5-77.

7. Replace both auger drive belts by following


instructions in reverse order.

5. Separate housing from frame assembly by


standing in the operating position and lifting up
on the handles. The frame and housing will
separate and rear auger drive belt will come off
the pulleys. See Figure 5-78.

5-44

8. When reassembling the two halves of the unit,


auger drive cable must be routed through
cable roller guides. See Figure 5-80.

SNOW THROWER.fm Page 45 Wednesday, February 20, 2002 10:28 AM

5
5. Roll the front and rear auger belts off the
engine pulley. See Figure 5-82.
1994 to Present:

6. Unhook the idler spring from the hex bolt on


the auger housing.

NOTE
It is necessary to remove both belts in order to
change either one. If changing just one belt, be
certain to check the condition of the other belt
(model 616E has only one auger belt).
1. Remove the plastic belt cover on the front of
the engine by removing the two self-tapping
screws. See Figure 5-81.
2. Drain the gasoline from the snow thrower, or
place a piece of plastic under the gas cap.
3. Tip the snow thrower up and forward so that it
rests on the housing.
4. Remove six self-tapping screws from the frame
cover underneath the snow thrower.

5-45

7. Unhook the support bracket spring from the


frame.
8. Lift the front auger belt from the auger pulley,
and slip belt between the support bracket and
the auger pulley. Repeat this step for rear
auger belt (except model 616E).
9. Replace both auger drive belts by following
instructions in reverse order.

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5-9.

STEERABLE TRACK DRIVE MODELS 612E


AND 642F (See Figure 5-85).

5-9.5

Track Adjustment. Adjust track as follows:


WARNING
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug
and ground against engine. Drain fuel from fuel
tank.
CAUTION
The tension on the tracks of the snow thrower
can be adjusted. There are track adjusters on
each side of the unit. It is important that each
track is equally adjusted on both sides.

1. Tip snow thrower forward so that it rests on


housing or optional drift cutters and skid
shoes.

5-9.1

Traction drive clutch adjustment. Refer to


model 610E in paragraph 5-8.1.

5-9.2

Auger drive clutch adjustment. Refer to model


610E in paragraph 5-8.2

5-9.3

5-9.4

Shift rod adjustment. Refer to model 610E in


paragraph 5-8.3.
The left and right track controls are located on
the underside of the handles and are used to
assist in steering your snow thrower. Squeeze
the right track control when turning right;
squeeze the left control when turning left.
Operate your snow thrower in open areas until
you become familiar with these controls. See
Figure 5-86.

5-52

2. To adjust track tension, loosen or tighten hex


nut on eyebolts at the front of track side plates.
There is approximately 1/2 inch deflection in
track. (Track can be raised 1/2 inch.) Adjust
each track equally. See Figure 5-87.
NOTE
Prior to 1992 a half-moon plate adjuster was
used.
3. When properly adjusted, there should be
approximately one inch deflection in the track
with a 15 pound weight on top of the snow
track, between the idler wheel and the drive
wheel assemblies. See Figure 5-87.

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5-9.6

Drive System. Completely new drive system


with fewer moving parts combine PTO friction
drive that prolongs transmission life and
increases durability with quieter operation.
Note ring gear and planetary drive system that
allows operator to control each drive track for
quick easy change of direction. See Figure 588.

5-9.7

Replacing Friction Wheel. Refer to Model


610E in paragraph 5-8.7.

5-9.8

Belt Removal and Replacement. Refer to


Model 610E in paragraph 5-8.8

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