Music Theory (7) dominant seventh chord

A dominant seventh chord (or Mm7*) is a chord built on a major triad, with a minor seventh added above the root note. Dominant seventh chords are built on the fifth scale degree – the dominant. In the key of C major, the dominant seventh is G7. This chord is comprised of the G-major triad plus a minor seventh interval from the root of G up to F. The notes in the G7 chord are G – B – D – F. Dominant seventh chords want to resolve to the root. The G7 also has a sense of resolution by going to the vi chord, A minor. The formula for all the dominant seventh chords is a sequence of a major third, minor third, and minor third. Dominant seventh chords are also used in harmonic minor keys. In the key of E=harmonic minor, the V chord is B major. In that case, B jajor becomes B7 by adding the note A: V: E minor (B7): B - D# - F# - A Informally, a dominant seventh can be called simply a “seventh chord”; but technically, a seventh chord can refer to a number of similar variations, such as the major 7th and minor 7th chords. Because of this verbal abbreviation, a dominant 7th chord is abbreviated using the root note and 7; as in G7, or F#7. In the key of F the V dominant 7th chord: C7 chord: C - E - G - Bb

(http://piano.about.com/od/chordskeys/ss/piano_chords_Maj7.htm) Some dominant seventh chord examples: V: A or E7: E - G# - B - D V: Bb or F7: F - A - C - Eb V: C or G7: G - B - D - F V: D or A7: A - C# - E – G V: Eb or Bb7: Bb - D – F – Ab V: F or C7: C - E – G – Bb Here is an excerpt from http://musiced.about.com/od/pianoarticles/f/dominant7th.htm

A dominant 7th uses the symbol of a note name + 7. For example: C7, D7, E7, etc. It is different from the symbol used for a major 7th which is maj7. A dominant 7th is not the same as a major 7th chord. But, to form a dominant 7th you must know how to form a major 7th chord first because these two types of chords are related. A major 7th chord is formed by playing the root (1st) + 3rd + 5th + 7th notes of a major scale. A dominant 7th is formed by simply lowering the 7th note a half step. As an example, Cmaj7 = C - E - G - B (7th note). Lower the 7th note a half step, from B to Bb, thus Dominant 7th = C - E - G - Bb. Here are the dominant 7th chords in every key: C7 = C - E - G - Bb D7 = D - F# - A - C E7 = E - G# - B - D F7 = F - A - C - Eb G7 = G - B - D - F A7 = A - C# - E - G B7 = B - D# - F# - A C#7 = C# - E# (F) - G# - B Db7 = Db - F - Ab - B Eb7 = Eb - G - Bb - Db F#7 = F# - A# - C# - E Gb7 = Gb - Bb - Db - E Ab7 = Ab - C - Eb - Gb Bb7 = Bb - D - F - Ab
C Isackson

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