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1

Overview: Excellence and equity in education

Figure I.1.1Snapshot
Snapshot of performance in science, reading and mathematics
Countries/economies with a mean performance/share of top performers above the OECD average
Countries/economies with a share of low achievers below the OECD average
Countries/economies with a mean performance/share of top performers/
share of low achievers not significantly different from the OECD average
Countries/economies with a mean performance/share of top performers below the OECD average
Countries/economies with a share of low achievers above the OECD average

Science

Reading

Mathematics

Mean score
in PISA 2015

Average
threeyear trend

Mean score
in PISA 2015

Average
threeyear trend

Mean score
in PISA 2015

Average
threeyear trend

Mean

Score dif.

Mean

Score dif.

Mean

Score dif.

Science, reading and mathematics


Share of low
Share of top
performers in at achievers in all
three subjects
least one subject
(below Level 2)
(Level 5 or 6)
%

OECD average

493

-1

493

-1

490

-1

15.3

13.0

Singapore
Japan
Estonia
Chinese Taipei
Finland
Macao (China)
Canada
Viet Nam
Hong Kong (China)
B-S-J-G (China)
Korea
New Zealand
Slovenia
Australia
United Kingdom
Germany
Netherlands
Switzerland
Ireland
Belgium
Denmark
Poland
Portugal
Norway
United States
Austria
France
Sweden
Czech Republic
Spain
Latvia
Russia
Luxembourg
Italy
Hungary
Lithuania
Croatia
CABA (Argentina)
Iceland
Israel
Malta
Slovak Republic
Greece
Chile
Bulgaria
United Arab Emirates
Uruguay
Romania
Cyprus1
Moldova
Albania
Turkey
Trinidad and Tobago
Thailand
Costa Rica
Qatar
Colombia
Mexico
Montenegro
Georgia
Jordan
Indonesia
Brazil
Peru
Lebanon
Tunisia
FYROM
Kosovo
Algeria
Dominican Republic

556
538
534
532
531
529
528
525
523
518
516
513
513
510
509
509
509
506
503
502
502
501
501
498
496
495
495
493
493
493
490
487
483
481
477
475
475
475
473
467
465
461
455
447
446
437
435
435
433
428
427
425
425
421
420
418
416
416
411
411
409
403
401
397
386
386
384
378
376
332

7
3
2
0
-11
6
-2
-4
-5
m
-2
-7
-2
-6
-1
-2
-5
-2
0
-3
2
3
8
3
2
-5
0
-4
-5
2
1
3
0
2
-9
-3
-5
51
-7
5
2
-10
-6
2
4
-12
1
6
-5
9
18
2
7
2
-7
21
8
2
1
23
-5
3
3
14
m
0
m
m
m
m

535
516
519
497
526
509
527
487
527
494
517
509
505
503
498
509
503
492
521
499
500
506
498
513
497
485
499
500
487
496
488
495
481
485
470
472
487
475
482
479
447
453
467
459
432
434
437
434
443
416
405
428
427
409
427
402
425
423
427
401
408
397
407
398
347
361
352
347
350
358

5
-2
9
1
-5
11
1
-21
-3
m
-11
-6
11
-6
2
6
-3
-4
13
-4
3
3
4
5
-1
-5
2
1
5
7
2
17
5
0
-12
2
5
46
-9
2
3
-12
-8
5
1
-8
5
4
-6
17
10
-18
5
-6
-9
15
6
-1
10
16
2
-2
-2
14
m
-21
m
m
m
m

564
532
520
542
511
544
516
495
548
531
524
495
510
494
492
506
512
521
504
507
511
504
492
502
470
497
493
494
492
486
482
494
486
490
477
478
464
456
488
470
479
475
454
423
441
427
418
444
437
420
413
420
417
415
400
402
390
408
418
404
380
386
377
387
396
367
371
362
360
328

1
1
2
0
-10
5
-4
-17
1
m
-3
-8
2
-8
-1
2
-6
-1
0
-5
-2
5
7
1
-2
-2
-4
-5
-6
1
0
6
-2
7
-4
-2
0
38
-7
10
9
-6
1
4
9
-7
-3
10
-3
13
18
2
2
1
-6
26
5
5
6
15
-1
4
6
10
m
4
m
m
m
m

39.1
25.8
20.4
29.9
21.4
23.9
22.7
12.0
29.3
27.7
25.6
20.5
18.1
18.4
16.9
19.2
20.0
22.2
15.5
19.7
14.9
15.8
15.6
17.6
13.3
16.2
18.4
16.7
14.0
10.9
8.3
13.0
14.1
13.5
10.3
9.5
9.3
7.5
13.2
13.9
15.3
9.7
6.8
3.3
6.9
5.8
3.6
4.3
5.6
2.8
2.0
1.6
4.2
1.7
0.9
3.4
1.2
0.6
2.5
2.6
0.6
0.8
2.2
0.6
2.5
0.6
1.0
0.0
0.1
0.1

4.8
5.6
4.7
8.3
6.3
3.5
5.9
4.5
4.5
10.9
7.7
10.6
8.2
11.1
10.1
9.8
10.9
10.1
6.8
12.7
7.5
8.3
10.7
8.9
13.6
13.5
14.8
11.4
13.7
10.3
10.5
7.7
17.0
12.2
18.5
15.3
14.5
14.5
13.2
20.2
21.9
20.1
20.7
23.3
29.6
31.3
30.8
24.3
26.1
30.1
31.1
31.2
32.9
35.8
33.0
42.0
38.2
33.8
33.0
36.3
35.7
42.3
44.1
46.7
50.7
57.3
52.2
60.4
61.1
70.7

1. Note by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to Cyprus relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and
Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Turkey recognises the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of the
United Nations, Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the Cyprus issue.
Note by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Union: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception
of Turkey. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
Notes: Values that are statistically significant are marked in bold (see Annex A3).
The average trend is reported for the longest available period since PISA 2006 for science, PISA 2009 for reading, and PISA 2003 for mathematics.
Countries and economies are ranked in descending order of the mean science score in PISA 2015.
Source: OECD, PISA 2015 Database, Tables I.2.4a, I.2.6, I.2.7, I.4.4a and I.5.4a.
12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933431961

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OECD 2016 PISA 2015 RESULTS (VOLUME I): EXCELLENCE AND EQUITY IN EDUCATION