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Solutions - Data Interpretation]

[1

Data Interpretation
1.

(c) Family X :
Percentage Expenditure on light

L18 5000 / 5000

100

360

Family Y :
Percentage Expenditure on light

L18 7000 / 7000

2.

18
18
100 :
360
360

Ratio

100

12.

= 11.8% = 12% most nearly


(d) 240 : 1200 = 1 : 5

Family Ys expenditure on Miscellaneous

13.

(b) Percentage =

36 6400
= 640
360

(b) Family X : Expenditure of Education


48
= 1306.67
360

Family Y : Expenditure on Education


= 6400

72
= 1280.00
360

Difference
= 26.67
= Rs. 26, most nearly
4.

(d)

5.

(c) Family X : Expenditure on Food


96
= 4900
= 1306.67
360
Family Y : Expenditure on Food

6400 :

4900 = 80 : 70 = 8 : 7

108
= 6400
= 1920.00
360

Percentage

7.

5400
100
45600

48 4900
=
= 653.33
360

= 9800

6.

= 1 :1
(a) Family Xs expenditure on Miscellaneous

3.

100

360

Miscellaneous
= 640.00
Difference
= 13.33 least
8.
(d) No item satisfies this condition.
9.
(b) Family X spends Rs. 653.33 on
Miscellaneous while family Y spends
Rs. 640/10. (c) Present expenditure on Education
= Rs. 1280
Changed expenditure on Education = Rs. 3840
= Rs. 2560
Difference
11. (a) Percentage expenditure on maintenance

1306.67
100 = 68%
1920

(b) Food & Miscellaneous :


Family X = 96 + 48 = 1440
Family y = 108 + 36 = 1440
(a) Family X : Expenditure
on Miscellaneous
= 653.33
Family Y : Expenditure on

2400
45600

100 = 5.26%

Note : Overall expenditure 45600 & not 16000


14. (b) Ratio of heat & light expenditures
= 100 : 300 : 40 : 200 : 160
= 2.5 : 7.5 : 1 : 5 : 4
15. (d) The items with expenses over the ma
chine groups are :
Total 1
2
3
4
5
Heat & light : 800 100 300 40 200 160
Rent & Rates: 4800 600 1800 240 1200 960
Ratio of each = 1 : 6
16.

(a) Existing rate =

9675
= 0.48
20000

With the rate doubling and the machine hours remaining the same the total expenditure should be
= 9675 2 = Rs. 19350 / -

17.

(c) Percentage expenses on power


=

845
100 = 6.35%
13305

= 6% most nearly
18. (d) The amounts spent on Depreciation- Machinery &
Supervision and the total expenditures on each
machine group are
1
2
3
4
5
Depreciation
2400 4000 1600 2000 6000
Machinery
Supervision
1200 3600 480 2400 1920
Total
5592 12232 4796 9675 13305

[Solutions - Data Interpretation

2]

19.
20.

21.

22.
23.
24.

25.
26.

27.

28.

29.

(d) None is the answer : In machine group 4, supervision amount exceeds depreciation-Machinery.
(b) Machine hour rates of
Machine 2 = Rs. 0.31
Machine 3 = Rs. 0.30
Difference = Rs. 0.01 the least
(d) Between December 1975 and December 1980,
Metropolitan population registers the least percentage increase in deposits.

31.
32.

33.
34.

Metropolitan.
(c) For example, for the semi-urban group the average per office advances doubles from 0.36 to
0.72 whereas the total moves from Rs. 1221
crores to Rs. 4368 crores.
(b) Largest Percentage increase in deposits between
1970 & 1980 is
3504 435
100 = 705.5 %
435

displayed by Rural group.


(a) The least is 162 & the largest is 17484
Ratio = 162 : 17484 = 1 : 107.9
= 1 : 110 most nearly
(d) No. with more than 20 years experience is
3000 + 340 + 60 + 1760 + 160 + 80 = 5400
(a) No. of Officers with more than 30 years service
= 160
No. of Managers with 10-20 years
service = 160
(c) Add the frequencies corresponding to first two
rows 4600 + 6600 = 11,200
(b) 10% of 16600 is 1660
No. of Officers : 1660

35.

6600 + 3400
100
16600

= 60.2% = 60% most nearly

Ans. 36. (c)


Ans. 37. (d)
Ans. 38. (d)
Ans. 39. (a)
Ans. 40. (b)
Ans. 41. (b) There are 2 married couples, hence 2
males. E is an engineer, hence cannot be
female. Total males = 3.
18135 15618
Ans.
42.
(a) From the above, E can be either engineer
100 = 16.1%
i.e., =
15618
or housewife. Since she is not a housewife, E
(c) Average increases continuously
is an engineer.
(b) Metropolitan Population group.
Ans. 43. (d) We have 2 couples : Lawyer D (housewife) and C (accountant) F (professor).
(d) Percentage Advance :
Since A is married to a housewife, one of the
Semiurban : 11.3, 14.8, 14.5
couples is AD.
Urban
: 20.0 , 22.7, 21.6
Ans.
44.
(c) G cannot occupy a position next to B.
(b) Observe the last line in Rural population group.
Ans. 45. (d) E can be only on 2nd or 3rd position,
(c) Average variation in Advances
from the above.
19392
Since A is on 6th or 7th position, E and A
=
= 4848 crores
4
canot be together.
(a) During each year deposits and advances both Ans. 46. (c) From the given information, we get
increase from Rural to Semiurban to Urban to
C or D

30.

3
= 498
10

(d) Percentage with 10 to 30 years service

B
A or G
We note that C or D can be on the left end
while G can be on the right end. Hence (c).
47.

(d)

48.

(c)

49.

(b)

50.

(d)

What we get from (1) and (2) is that P is either


the grandfather or grandmother of Q. Hence a
definite answer is not possible.
We note from (1) that C, who is the son of A, is
the father of B. So we get from (1) that A is
either the grandfather or grandmother of B.
We get from (2) that A is a man.
Hence it follows from (1) and (2) that A is the
grandfather of B.
Both (1) and (2) are needed. Hence (C)
We note from (2) that K is a woman. So we get
the answer from (2) alone. (The answer is No).
Hence (b).
We note from (1) and (2) that the weight of
Sukumar is less than that of Sridhar. But this
does not necessarily mean that Sukumar is
leaner than Sridhar. (Other factors like height
etc. also come in).
We cannot give a definite answer.

Solutions - Data Interpretation]

51.

[3

205)/7

(b) Value per kg of tea exported during


(i) 2002-03 :

359.8 10
= 18.49 / kg
194.6

= 210.39
56. (b) 10 million = 1 crore
In 2004-05 price per sq. metre of cloth

(ii) 2001-02 :
In 2005-06 price per sq. metre of cloth

(iii) 2000-01 :

42550
=
= 18.56 / kg
2292

Durng 2001-02 value per kg of tea exported was minimum., Hence the answer is 2001-02
52. (c) Value of tea exported during first four years
= 425.5 + 395.2 + 359.8 + 515.2
= Rs. 1695.70 crores
Value of tea exported during last three years
= 766.7 + 711.0 + 615.0
= Rs. 2092.70 crores
Value of tea exported during last three years
was more by Rs. 397 crores.
Hence answer is (c).
53. (c) From the chart we find that increase in exports
took place only in 2003-04 and 2004-05 and in
425.5
10
=395.2
398.12
356.77
= 41.35
/ 356.77
3488.6
the rest,
10
= 18.48
/ kgonly decrease in exports as compared to
=
= 9.78
229.2
213.8
the previous year had taken place
356.77
Percentage increase during 2003-04 from
2002-03 :
(515.2 - 359.8)
155.4

100
359.8
= 43. 19
Percentage increase in 2004-05 from
2003-04 :
(766.7 - 515.2)

251.5
100
515.2

= 48. 82
Hence during 2004-05 percentage increase in value
of exports was maximum.
54. (c)
2001-02
2004-05
Value
395.2 crores
766.7 crores
Quantity
213.8 million kg
213.9 million kg
Value per kg

39520
76670
= 18.48
= 35.84
2138
2139

Increse per kg of tea exported = Rs. 17.36.


55. (a) Average quantity of tea exported during the period
in million kgs.
= (229.2 + 213.8 + 194.6 + 193.9 + 213.9 + 222.3 +

3616.2
= 9.08
398.12

In 2006-07 price per sq. metre


=

3837
= 7.67
500

Hence in 2004-05 price per square metre of cloth exported was maximum.
57. (a) Average price per sq. metre

Total export value in crores 10


Total quantity exported (in million square metres)
(348.86 + 361.62 + 383.70) 10
356.77 + 398.12 + 500

1094.18 10
10941.8
=
1254.89
1254.89
= 8.72 per square metre.
58. (c)
Fractional increase in production
during 2005-06
=

Fractional increase in production


during 2006-07
= 500 398.12 = 101.88 / 398.12

Fractional increase in export value in


2006-07
= 383.7 361.62 = 22.08 / 361.62

Hence fractional increase in both production and exports was maximum in the year 2006-07
59. (C)
Exports for the year =
383.7 crores
2006-07
Exports for the year =
348.86 crores
2004-05
Increase for the two =
34.84 crores
year period
Average increase for = 17.42 crores
one year
Exports for the year =
348.86 crores
2004-05
Add average increase :

[Solutions - Data Interpretation

4]

In 2005-06
=
17.42 crores
In 2006-07
=
17.42 crores
In 2007-08
=
17.42 crores
In 2008-09
=
17.42 crores
17.42 crores
In 2009-10
=
435.96 crores
Value of exports in 2009-10 =
It is approximately equal to 436 crores
60. (D)
Each countrys expenditure :
U.S.S.R.
=
$ 160 billian
U.S.A.
=
$ 120 billion
China
=
$ 50 billion
(i.e., 10% of $ 500 billion)
West Germany
=
$ 26 billion
France
=
$ 20 billion
Britain
=
$ 15 billion
Iran
=
$ 10 billion
$ 8 billion*
South Arabia
=
$ 409 billion
Total expenditure
=
409
100
* (1.6% of $ 500 billion =
500
= $ 8.0)

Percentage of total world expenditure


500
= 1 .6
100
= 81.8%
61. (C)
Chinas total expenditure = $ 50 billion
Ratio of Chinas expenditure on Army,
Airforce and Navy = 35 : 39 : 26.
If 100 was the total amount spent, expenditure on
Navy is

Money spent by U.S.A. on Airforce


= 40% of 120 = $ 48 billion
Money spent by Britain on Airforce
= 50% of 15 = $ 7.5 billion
Hence ratio = 48 : 7.5
1
= 48 : 7
2

= 6.4 : 1
65. (c) Amount of G.N.P. in 2000-01 = 120000
Amount of G.N.P.in 1999-2000 = 98000
Increase = 22000
22000
100 = 22.45
Percentage increase =
98000
Percentage increase from
2000-2001 to 2001-2002
10000 100
(130000 120000)
= 8.33
120000
Percentage increase for
2002-2003 to 2001-2002

Percentage increase for


2003-2004 to 2002-2003
25000 100
(170000 145000)
= 17.24
145000
Percentage increase for
2004-2005 to 2003-2004

= 13 billion dollars (given)

Expenditure on Airforce is
=

64. (b)

39
of total
100

39
100
39
13
=
= 1 9 .5 billion dollars
100
26
2

Hence amount spent by China on Airforce = $ 19.5 billion.


62. (c)
From the table itself it is obtained that France
spends only 12% of its expenditure on Navy which is the
least. Hence the answer is France.
63. (a)
Total world expenditure = $ 500 billion
U.S.S.R. and U.S.A. spend = $ 280 billion
(160 + 120)
Rest of the world spends = $ 220 billion
Hence percentage of expenditure made by U.S.S.R.
and U.S.A. as compared to the rest of the world =

Percentage increase for


2005-2006 to 2004-2005

Percentage increase for


2006-2007 from 2005-2006

Hence in 2000-2001 G.N.P. increased maximum as


compared to the previous year.

Solutions - Data Interpretation]

[5

66. (d)
Year
Defence
GNP
Ratio
1999-2000
3400
98000
3.4 : 98 = 1 : 28 (app.)
2000-2001
3800
120000
3.8 : 120 = 1 : 32 (app.) (least)
2001-2002
4500
130000
4.5 : 130 = 1 : 29 (app.)
2002-2003
5400
145000
5.4 : 145 = 1 : 27 (app.)
2003-2004
6200
170000
6.2 : 170 = 1 : 27 (app.)
2004-2005
7200
182000
7.2 : 182 = 1 : 25 (app.)
2005-2006
8000
212000
8 : 212 = 1 : 27 (app.)
2006-2007
10000
240000
10 : 240 = 1 : 24 (app.
Hence it was during 2000-01 that the ratio was minimum between Defence expenditure and GNP.
67. (c) Average additional taxation during the period
= 685 + 282 + 271 + 533 + 716 + 273 + 431 + 488
75. (c)
From the chart we find only in four years the additional taxation was more than the average additional taxation.
Hence answer is 4 years.
68. (b) The year in which fractional change in GNP was
minimum was in 2001-02 from 2000-01 the change
being
130000 120000 = 100000
(In all the other years the change was more than
25
6720
=
4500
Rs.
63
700
= +
Rs.
crores
= 3679
360104
3800
(45
+= 10,000
90
120)
in6552
GNP).
=
= Rs. = 459.88
crores
= Rs.
1680 Corresponding to this, fractional
8
100 change in Defence expenditure in 2001-02 from
.
2000-01 was
69. (d) (i) From the table we observe that percentage
increase in both defence expenditure and GNP
did not always increase (though in obsolute
terms they increased).
(ii) Additional taxation was not maximum in 19992000 but only in 2003-04
(iii) Increase in defence expenditure was not in the
same proportion as GNP.
(iv) Hence the answer is none of the above.
70. (c) Population of city A is 3 x 100000 = 300.000
71. (c) Population of city
D
= 600000
Population of city
C
= 400000
Difference
= 200000
Population of city D is more by 200000 than city
C.
72. (c) Population of city
E
= 800000
Population of city
B
= 500000
Difference
= 300000
Population of city B is less by 300000 than city E.
73. (a) Obviously city D and city E have population of
600000 and 800000. Hence the answer is : Cities
D and E have population of more than 500000.
74. (b) Angle represented by yellow

76. (b)

= 360 255 = 105 0


Angle representing persons who choose green =
450
45
5
1
=
=
Hence
360
40
8
Price of refrigerator = Rs. 6720
At discount counter

15
= Rs. 1008
100
Hence at discount counter, price will be

(15% discount) = Rs. 6720

Rs. (6720 1008) = Rs. 5712


77. (d)

On hire purchase 25% of shop price

+ 104 weekly payments of Rs. 63 each =

78. (c)

Hence if bought on hire-purchase, price will be Rs.


(1680 + 6552) = Rs.8232.
In the previous question we saw that in a hire-purchase, the total price will be Rs. 8232.
25% deposit = Rs. 1680,
+ 52 weekly payments of Rs. 63 each = 3276
Total = 4956
Hence balance amount payable will be
8232 - 4956 = Rs. 3276

Ans. 79. (b)


Ans. 81. (c)
Ans. 83. (d)
Ans. 85. (d)

Ans. 80. (c)


Ans. 82. (b)
Ans. 84. (b)
B

C
H

[Solutions - Data Interpretation

6]

Ans. 86. (e) With respect to population,


F>D>B =G>C=K>H>A
Ans. 87. (c)
Ans. 88. (e)
Ans. 89. (d)
90.

91.

92.

93.

94.

95.

(d)

We cannot give a definite answer as we do not


know anything about the other sources of income, if any, of these two people.
(c)
We do not get the answer from (1) alone or (2)
alone.
The lamp is lighted up [(2)]. Hence it follows
from what is given in the introductory part that
one and only one of the two parameters (pressure or temperature) is low. At this stage, we
do not know which one is low.
We note from (1) that the temperature is low.
Hence the other parameter, namely pressure,
is not low.
Both (1) and (2) are needed. Hence (C)
(c)
The pressure is low [(1)], but still the lamp is
not lighted up [(2)]. The only possible reason is
that the temperature is also low.
Thus we get the answer (the answer is yes)
from (1) and (2). Hence (C)
(d)
We note that Asha failed in English. But this
does not necessarily mean that Kanchana
passed in English. (What is given in the introductory part means that if Asha failed in three
subjects Kanchana passed in three subjects.
But the subjects in which Kanchana passed
need not be the same as the subjects in which
Asha failed.
Hence a definite answer cannot be given.
(b)
We get from (2) that K is not a tourist spot. (If it
were a tourist spot there would have been to
beggars in that city).
[We do not get the answer from (1). All tourist
spots have colour fountains but cities which are
not tourist spots may also have colour fountains].
(b) WPI for food products = 338.3
in 2005-06
WPI for food products = 313.0
in 2000-01
Increase as a

percentage
96.

(d) WPI for all commodities in January 2007


WPI for all commodities in January 2008
Increase as a

= 8.08%
= 377.1
= 415.5

percentage
97.

(a)

WPI for food articles


in 2001-02
WPI for food articles
in 2003-04

38.4
100
377.1

= 283.00

Increase as a

48.00
100
235

percentage
= 20.43
Since others show less increase in WPI than food articles answer is (a).
98. (d) WPI for fuel, power
= 559.6
and lub in 2004-05
WPI for fuel, power
= 509.0
and lub in 2003-04
Increase as a

50.6
100
509

percentage
= 9.94
Similarly if we calculate for other years, we will find that
only in 2004-05 the rise is higher than the previous year,
compared to other years. Hence answer is (d).
99. (d) WPI for chemical
= 353.00
products in Sept. 2007
WPI for chemical
= 336.4
products in March 2007
Increase as a

16.6
100
336.4

percentage
= 4.95
If we calculate the increase in WPI for the other three
commodities we will find that only chemical products has
shown the lowest increase.
100. (d) WPI for all commodities = 405.9
in Sept. 2007
WPI for all commodities = 401.5
in July 2007
Increase as a

4.4
100
401.5

percentage
= 1.09
This is the lowest increase in a month as compared to
the previous month.
101. (d) Food products WPI
= 365.0
in March 2007
Food products WPI
= 385.4
in January 2007
Difference

= 10.18%
= 235.00

Decrease
This is the highest decrease.

20.4
100
385.4
= 5.29%

Solutions - Data Interpretation]

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[Solutions - Data Interpretation