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KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0001

Rev.: 04
Project Title:

Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project

Document Title:

Full System Metering Philosophy

Page 1 of 3

Full System Metering Philosophy


Table of Contents
1

Scope and Functional Requirements .................................................................... 2

Assumptions ......................................................................................................... 3

Design Requirements ........................................................................................... 5

Mandatory References.......................................................................................... 7

Supporting References ......................................................................................... 7

Kingsnorth CCS Demonstration Project


The information contained in this document (the Information) is provided in good faith.
E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information and neither E.ON UK
plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers or DECC shall have any liability whatsoever for any
direct or indirect loss howsoever arising from the use of the Information by any party.

KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0001
Rev.: 04
Project Title:

Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project

Document Title:

Full System Metering Philosophy

Page 2 of 3

Scope and Functional Requirements


CO2 metering will be required in the system to measure plant
performance, potentially as a means of demonstrating compliance
with environmental regulation, to control flows and to provide a
basis for payment under whatever transportation and sequestration
performance contracts that prevail in the longer term. To achieve
this the following need to be addressed:

Identify the points at which metering will be required.


Define the purpose of each metering location
Identify likely metering performance requirements
Identify the parties who may have either an interest in
particular metering stations and for what reason
Propose accuracy specifications for discussion
Overall lifecycle costs.

Kingsnorth CCS Demonstration Project


The information contained in this document (the Information) is provided in good faith.
E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information and neither E.ON UK
plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers or DECC shall have any liability whatsoever for any
direct or indirect loss howsoever arising from the use of the Information by any party.

KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0001
Rev.: 04
Project Title:

Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project

Document Title:

Full System Metering Philosophy

Page 3 of 3

Assumptions

Fiscal or custody transfer metering should be included at


only one place in the system, measuring flow into the
transport system.

Fiscal metering will be located at Kingsnorth in the first


instance, measuring CO2 exported into the pipeline for
sequestration.

When other (new) CO2 sources are added to the CO2


collection system, then custody transfer metering for that
new source will be included within the fence line of the new
source measuring CO2 exported into the pipeline system to
sequestration.

Pipeline (transport) operator will need to account for any


venting losses at the pipeline transport operators cost
(including cost of emissions). Such losses to be based on
venting estimates maintained by the operator.

Accuracy requirement of the custody transfer metering


system will be similar to that required for fiscal metering of
oil and gas +/- 0.51.0%, details are to be investigated.

Meter proving of fiscal meters must be carried out in situ


using a loop that puts the fiscal meter in series with a
proving meter for short periods of flow. Proving meters
cannot pass pipeline pigs.

Fiscal accuracy metering cannot be provided at the offshore


location because of maintenance limitations.

Meters will not be used for small leak detection in the


pipeline. Separately gas in/out/station pressure (+/- 0.75%),
gas + ground in/out/station temperature (+/- 2.0%) and gas
in/out flow measurements (+/- 2.0%) are needed in the
model-based leak detection system.

Modern fiscal meters need straight runs of pipe for around


15 diameters upstream and 10 diameters downstream.

Modern fiscal meters use ultrasonic transducers measuring


and analysing the Doppler Effect on flowing molecules
averaged across a flowing area. That does not interfere with
pigging and can be located as full size meters in the main
pipeline flow between the pig launcher and the fence line.

Kingsnorth CCS Demonstration Project


The information contained in this document (the Information) is provided in good faith.
E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information and neither E.ON UK
plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers or DECC shall have any liability whatsoever for any
direct or indirect loss howsoever arising from the use of the Information by any party.

KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0001
Rev.: 04
Project Title:

Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project

Document Title:

Full System Metering Philosophy

Page 4 of 4

Less accurate metering will be required at the 4 inch inlet to


each well (initially 4). The well injection meters will be used
to measure and monitor the injectivity of each well over time.
WHAT WE DO NOT KNOW

What will be required as an acceptable measure of


sequestered CO2 for calculating unitary payments?

Potential future environmental regulatory monitoring


requirements.
Regulation is currently under
development, expected to be issued for consultation
in 2010.

Will estimates be sufficient of venting between meter


and injection well?

Will there eventually be a different owner of the


pipeline and of the storage site eventually requiring
two transfers of custody?

Will one fiscal metering location be enough?

Will the cost of metering uncertainty be shared at


custody transfer points?

Who will carry the cost benefit of replacing meters


with more accurate ones as technology advances?

Will it be proven that fiscal grade metering at each


end of the pipeline for leak detection is likely to lead
to excessive cost?

What is the next best position for leak detection?

What metering is required in the capture plant?

Will we need to meter flow to/from compressors if we


have say 2 or 3 compressors per 400MWg capture
unit?

Kingsnorth CCS Demonstration Project


The information contained in this document (the Information) is provided in good faith.
E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information and neither E.ON UK
plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers or DECC shall have any liability whatsoever for any
direct or indirect loss howsoever arising from the use of the Information by any party.

KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0001
Rev.: 04
Project Title:

Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project

Document Title:

Full System Metering Philosophy

Page 5 of 5

Design Requirements
Fiscal Export Meter (one required):

Maximum Design Pressure: 150 barg

Measurement of saturated vapour flow at up to 40bar and


later saturated liquid (dense phase) flow at pressures
between 80 bar initially and up to 150 bar at end of life
Temperature of Flowing fluid 30 Deg C
Design temperature plus 40 deg C to minus 72 deg C
Redundancy provided by spare ultrasonic probes held on
site with pre-determined calibration charts.
Same meter to be used for vapour phase flow (initially first
8 to 10 years) then converted to dense phase flow by
changing the non-intrusive ultrasonic transducers only.
Automatic sampling system required, with automatic
processing of samples to be confirmed in FEED 2
Accuracy +/- 0.51.0%
Meter body deign life 40 years

Meter Prover (one required):

Ballistic Type to be confirmed in FEED 2


Installed to operate in series with fiscal meter when flow is
directed to it on one run per day? Week? basis
Design and operating temperatures and pressures as
above
No pigging while proving
Meter prover may need to be changed after 8 to 10 years
when CO2 vapour flow changes to dense phase
Capable of proving accuracy within an estimated
uncertainty.

Kingsnorth CCS Demonstration Project


The information contained in this document (the Information) is provided in good faith.
E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information and neither E.ON UK
plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers or DECC shall have any liability whatsoever for any
direct or indirect loss howsoever arising from the use of the Information by any party.

KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0001
Rev.: 04
Project Title:

Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project

Document Title:

Full System Metering Philosophy

Page 6 of 6

Wells Injection Meters (4 required):

Balancing flows only one in each active side arm


Orifice plate type accuracy with senior orifice plate box type
accessibility
Vapour phase flow at less than 40barg first 10 years then
convert to dense phase flow at up to 130barg for remainder
of life
Analogue signal from transducer suitable for informing a
flow control device if necessary

Kingsnorth CCS Demonstration Project


The information contained in this document (the Information) is provided in good faith.
E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information and neither E.ON UK
plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers or DECC shall have any liability whatsoever for any
direct or indirect loss howsoever arising from the use of the Information by any party.

KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0001
Rev.: 04
Project Title:

Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project

Document Title:

Full System Metering Philosophy

Page 7 of 7

Mandatory References
BS EN 7965:2000

The selection, installation, operation, and calibration


of diagonal path transient time ultrasonic flow meters
for industrial applications.

ISO-5168:2005

Measurement of Fluid Flow Procedures for the


evaluation of uncertainties

ISO-10715:2001

Natural Gas Sampling guidelines

ISO-10723:2003

Natural Gas Performance evaluation for on-line


analytical systems.

AGA Report 8

Calculation of Compressibility

AGA Report 9

Measurement of Gas by Multipath Ultrasonic Meters

IGE/GM/4

Institution of Gas Engineers Flow metering Practices


Inlet pressure exceeding 38bar and not exceeding
100bar. Communication number 1719

EEC Directive
71/316

Gas Meters

Supporting References
ASME B16.5

Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

ASME B31.3

Process Piping

BS EN 61000-64:2007

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Generic


standard.
Emission
standard
for
Industrial
environments.

Kingsnorth CCS Demonstration Project


The information contained in this document (the Information) is provided in good faith.
E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC) make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information and neither E.ON UK
plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees, advisers or DECC shall have any liability whatsoever for any
direct or indirect loss howsoever arising from the use of the Information by any party.