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Schwitzgebel 1

David Schwitzgebel
Mrs. Yeyna
Lit/per. 0
30 November 2016
Annotated Bibliography
“2016 Point-In-Time Homeless Count Report.” Riverside Homeless Count, Riverside County,
Department of Public Social Services, 9 May 2016, Accessed 30
Nov. 2016.
This document - published by the Riverside County Department of Public Social Services provides the detailed results, data, and analysis of an extensive survey conducted across the
county in 2016. This data was gathered by volunteer staff taken from an abundance of Riversidebased organizations (over 100, including UCR, California Baptist University, religious
organizations, non-profit groups, and various municipal departments), and provides a detailed
picture of the homeless of Riverside County, including (but not limited to) geographic
distribution, ethnicity, experience with crime, gender, and mental illness. This is vital to my
project - a comprehensive understanding of how the homeless are distributed across Riverside
will allow me to identify feasible and safe areas to conduct interviews, find participants, etc.
Additionally, the extensive data contributes to my understanding of the pervasiveness of mental
illness, previous occupation, ethnicity, and crime among homeless - which provides a foundation
for my ultimate goal: to give them a voice, and account for their origins and stories.

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Callstrom, Peter. “Why Are You Homeless? Answers Surprised, Saddened and Inspired.”
Patch, La Mesa Patch, 18 Mar. 2011, Accessed 30 Nov. 2016.
In this article - written by Peter Callstrom, published in the La Mesa Patch in 2011 - the author
recounts his experiences interviewing the homeless, and defends the notion that the tragedy of
homelessness is rarely the fault of the homeless - he concludes that it is our responsibility to
provide the homeless with necessary support. The author utilizes ample anecdotal evidence,
referring to several of his interviews with the homeless to illustrate a general truth: homelessness
is a tragedy which our society must strive to resolve. He refers to various statistics, utilizing the
frequency of homelessness among veterans, youth, and the unemployed to further defend this
point. Callstrom concludes that, although homelessness is a tragedy, it is solvable - we must
recognize the origins of homelessness to empathize, change public policy, volunteer, and provide
support for the homeless. This article reflects a fundamental goal of my project - to act as a voice
for the homeless, bringing their origin (a product of fate, not fault) into public light. Additionally,
Callstrom’s demand that we provide support for the homeless aligns with a personal ideal that I
hope to incorporate into the project: we must empathize rather than ignore.
"Helping the Homeless." Gale Student Resources in Context, Gale, 2014. Student
Resources in Context,

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Accessed 30 Nov. 2016.
This article - written and published by Gale Student Resources in Context - discusses the
prominence of homelessness in the US, proposes possible causes, and outlines efforts by
volunteer organizations and the US government to minimize homelessness. In order to paint a
complete picture of the nature of homelessness in the US, the article cites data from various
national organizations (including the Corporation for Enterprise Development, the National
Coalition for Homeless, and others) and discusses the goals and impacts of federal influence and
volunteer organizations. Although this article does not delve deeply into the effectiveness of
these efforts, its general outline of the nature of homelessness in the US (and the
federal/volunteer resources available to the impoverished) is valuable to my project: it will
further my understanding of the origin of homelessness, and provide context for my interaction
and interviews with the homeless. This will support and refine any broad conclusions I draw
from my experiences.
“Mental Illness and Homelessness.” National Homeless, National Coalition for the Homeless,
July 2009, Accessed 30 Nov.
This article - published by the National Coalition for the Homeless in 2009 - discusses the
prevalence of mental illness among the homeless, the relationship between mental illness and
homelessness, and public policy designed to alleviate the issue. Its arguments are primarily based
on data collected from various national organizations (including the NMHO) and laws/programs
developed by the US government. The first section of this article (prevalence) discusses the

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prevalence of mental illness among the homeless, and notes its disproportionate presence relative
to other groups. The second section (relationship) discusses the possible reasons for this
prominence of mental illness, and indicates that it detracts from competence in work, encourages
erratic behavior, and often goes untreated. The last section (policy) discusses previous and
current policies designed to alleviate mental illness among the homeless, and concludes that rehousing and financial support is not enough - funding must be provided for extensive treatment
for the homeless. This article provides a detailed analysis of a significant aspect of my project:
the influence of mental illness on the inability of the homeless to find a voice. I hope to
incorporate mental health policy into my project - this article provides a framework for an
understanding of the issue.
Raphel, Adrienne. "Lit Mag Gives Voice To Homeless." Poets & Writers Magazine, vol. 44, no.
6, 2016, p. 14+. Student Resources in Context,
&source=Bookmark&u=k12_srcg&jsid=a60b1119feef52bb623b18f15ed77a0d. Accessed
30 Nov. 2016.
In her article - published in the Poets & Writers Magazine in 2016 - Adrienne Raphel discusses a
fascinating organization: the Black Seed Writers Group, which produces a regular literary

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magazine called the Pilgrim. This magazine is entirely dedicated to showcasing the work of the
homeless - it provides a venue for them to recount their experiences through poetry, story, and
stream of consciousness. After outlining the structure and nature of the group, Raphel illustrates
its success by referring to its diversity of authors (all homeless) and its expansion into the public
eye. Ultimately, she effectively conveys the vast swath of positive effects the organization has on
its homeless authors and on society - it provides them with a means to place their stories into
public light, without fear of being callously shoved away. This article provided me with a
powerful spark of inspiration for my project: not only will I interview the homeless, but I will
write with them. Poetry and fiction are powerful mediums for conveying origins, stories, and
experiences - based on the success of the organization portrayed in this article, I hope to find a
sliver of the same success in providing a voice to this marginalized group through writing.