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1 En MANUAL

Product Group 47

llA32

Two Channel Amplifier


Service Reference

WARNING
The following servicing instructions are for use by qualified personnel only. To avoid personal injury, do not perform any servicing
unless you are qualified to do so. Refer to the Safety Summary
prior to performing any service.

P/ease check for CHANGE INFORMATION at the rear of this manual.

First Printing OCT ,887

- .

<
. .

-m.-..

.--..e

TEK .INTER-OFFICE COMlvllJNlCATlON


..

TO
FWW
M3KC.T

Sohn

94-540

Martin

3:.' t

Juno 25, 1991

Frank Gray, SO-PAT


GIDEP permit

request

In response to the request to grant permission to the


Industry Exchange Pro ram (GPDEP) to reproduce
Tektronix
operator,
service and P nstruction
manuals,
Tektronix,
Inc. hereby grant6 such permission for distribution
of such documents to any GTDEP user that is a full
participant
in the Metrology
Data Interchange Data Base of GIDEP provided
that
all
copies
of the original
work include the entire
copyright
notice and ownership statement exactly a-& it appears
in the original,
together with the Legend "Reproduded with
Government

pemieeion,a

This permission has been approved by the Intellectual


Committee
of Tektronix
and
a copy
of this
memo
aeon% 1[ded to GIDEP to provide'the requested
permission.

g:&dy
Group Pat&t

Coun&al

may

INSTRUMENT

SERIAL

NUMBERS

Each instrument has a serial number on a panel insert, tag, or stamped on the chassis. The first number or
lattsr
designates the country of manufacture. The last five digits of the serial number are assigned sequentially and are
unique to each instrument. Those manufactured in the United States have six unique digits. The country of manufacture is identified as follows:
E000000

1woooo
2oMx300
3000000
7000000

Tektronix, Inc. Beavenon, Oregon, USA


Tektronix Guernsey, Ltd.. Channel Islands
Tektronix United Kingdom, Ltd., London
Sony/Tektronix, Japan
Tektronix Holland, NV, Heerenveen, The Netherlands

Copyright D Tektronix, Inc., 1987. All rights reserved. Tektronix products are covered by U.S. and foreign patents,
are registered trademarks.
issued and pending. TEKTRONIX, INC., SCOPEMOBILE and

TEKPROBE@ is a registerad trademark of Tektronix, Inc.


Printed in U.S.A.

Contents
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .._............

Section I-General Information


Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plug-in to Mainframe Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lnitial Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing and Removing the Plug-ln
..........................
Instrument Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
_, . . . . .
Packaging for Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plug-In Memory Backup Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Opuating Tempcraturc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Section 2 -Checks and Adjustments


UsingThisProcedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Menu Selections and Mensurcmcnt Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plug-In Unit Installation and Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Initialixd Wing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ProcedureParts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part 1 -Initial Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part 2a -Exnmiw/Adjust Sfep Response: Standard Pr~cdurc . . . . .
Examine Mainfrrsmc Step Responzc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ExaminciAdjust Plug-ln Step Rzsponsr (AIR1015, AlR1025)
Pan 2h-Exnmine/Adjust Step Rl;sponse: Allemative Procedure . . .
ExaminciAdjust Plug-In Slcp Response (AIRIO15, AlR1024)
Part &Check Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part a-Check Enhnnccd Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parts-ChcckDCBalancc
....................................
Part h-Cheek AV DC Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pan 7-Cheek DC Offszl AccuraLy .............................

Section 3-Maintenance
Preventive
Maintenance
P l u g - i n Shield R e m o v a l
C l e a n i n g
Extuior
rn1ctior
V i s u a l
Inspation
Periodic Electrical Adjustment

I IA32 Service Reference

..........
..........
........ .
..........
..........
..........
..........

3-1
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-2
3-2
3-2

CorrectiveMaintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..........t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
OrderingParts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
Static-Sunsitivc Device Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*. *. . . . . . . . . 3-3
3-5
Removingand Replacing FRUs.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SenliconductorFRURemoval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
Housekeeper Integrated Circuit (Slam-Pack 10). , .........................................
3-7
AmplifierHybrids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 3-R
EPROM IC, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, , . . . , .. , , , *. . . . . . 3-12
ProccssorIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..~........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Circuit Board and Attcnualor FRU Removal . . . . . . . . . , . . . , , , .. , . *. . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-15
Programming The Unit Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-20
Multi-PinConnectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-21
Troubleshooting............................................................,., . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Diagnostic froublcshootiny .. t *. . . . . . . . , . , . . . . . . . , , , , t., . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-22
DiagnosticsOverview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-22
KernelDiagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..t...tt . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Self-TcstExtended Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . , , , , *,. , .. , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-24
New Configuration Calibration . . . . . . . . , , . . . . . . , . , , , , , . , , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-25
Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) Guide , , . . . . . . . , . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-25
Abbreviations of FRU Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-26
Abbreviations of Component and Module Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, . , 3-26
ErrorIndexCodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-26

Section 4-Theory of Operation


BlockDiagram
Dcscriplion...................................................................
Signal Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..l.t.1...t........................................_.
controlFlow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..*...............
Powcr.....................................,..,....................................

4-1
4-l
4-3
4-3

Section S-Replaceable Parts


Change

Information

Related

Documentation
Tbc Replaceable Parts Section at rhe rear of this manual lists the Tektronix part
numbers for all Standard Accessories provided with rhis product.

Manuals

(Standard

Accessories)
1 IA32 Users Rcfwence Manual
llA32 Incoming Inspection Procedure

ii

llA32 Service Reference

Figure 1-I.
Figun: 2-I.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-L
Figure 3-7.
Fiyurc 3-8.
Figure 4-l.

Installing a plug-in h a mainframe oscilloscope. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Al Main board adjustment locations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Field Rcplaceahle Units (FRU) locator and Al Main board securiny hardware. . . . . . . . . . . .
Scmiconductnr indexing dingram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hypwn assembly removal and replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IC Insertion-Extraction Pliers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Localion of 5crews and pans for removal of an attenuator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Location of a nut block securing the circuit board to the frame section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indexing of multi-pin connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample LED fault code timing diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11~32 Two-Channel Amplifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

l - 3
2-9
3 - h
3 - 8
3-10
3-14
3-17
3-18
3-21
3-23
4-2

List of Tables
Tilhlt:
Tnhlr
Table
Table
Table
Tnhlc

2-I
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
3-l

TestEquipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
l l A 3 2 BandwidthTable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.........................................................
11A32DCBala.nceTahle
llA32aVDCAccuracyTable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
llA32 DC Offset Accuracy Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Relative Susceptibility to Damagc: From Static Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-3
2-14
2-18
2-20
2-22
3-4

1 lA32 Service Refwznce

Safety Summary
The ycneral safety information in this part of the summary is for both operating and
servicing personnel. Specific warnings and cautions will bc found throughout the
manual where they apply, but may not appear in this summary.

Terms
In This Manual

CAUTION Statements identify conditions or practices that could result in damagc to


the equipment or other propwty.
WARNING statements identify wnditions or practices that could result in personal
injury or loss of life.

As Marked on
Equipment

CAUTION indicates personal injury hazard not immediately accessible as one reads
the marking, or a hazard to property including the cquipmcnt itself.
DANGER indicates a personal injury hazard immcdiatcly
marking.

accessible as one reads the

Symbols
In This Manual

Static-Sensitive Dcviccs.

As Marked on
Equipment

I IA32 Service Reference

This symbol mdlcates where applicable cautionary ot alher informalion is


tobe-found.
DANGER-High

Voltage.

Protective ground (earth) terminal.

AMENTION-refer to manual.

Warnings
Power Source

This product is intended to operate in a mainframe connected to a power SOUKC that


will not apply more than 250 V rms between the supply conductors or bctwccn
tither supply conductor and ground. A protective ground connection, by way of the
&rounding conductor in the mainframe power cord, is essential for safe operation.

Grounding
the Product

This product is grounded through the grounding conductor of the mainframe power
cord. To avoid clcctric shock, plug the mainframe power cord into a properly wired
rcccptacle &fore connecting to the product input or output terminals. A protcclivcground connection, by way of the grounding conductor in the mainframe power cord,
is essential fat sale operation.

Danger Arising from


Loss of Ground

Upon loss of the protective-ground connection, all accessible c?nductivc parts (including knobs and controls that may appear to be insulating), can render an electric
shock.

Do Not Operate
in Explosive
Atmospheres

To avoid explosion, do not operate this product in an atmosphere of explosive gasses.

Do Not Service Alone

Do not perform internal service or adjustment of this product unless another person
capable of rendering first aid and resuscitation is present.

Use Care When


Servicing with
Pawer On

Dangerous vollages exist at several points in this product. To avoid personal injury,
do not touch exposed connections and components while power is on.

vi

Disconnect power before removing protective panels, or replacing components.

1 lA32 S&cc Reference

Section 1
General information
This section gives all the information needed to apply power to the 1 IA32 Two
Channel Amplifier.
Information on installing and removing the plug-in, instrument options, packaging
for shipment, as well as environmental conditions such as operating lempcraturc and
ventilation requirements is included here.

Introduction
This manual is designed for use by qualified service pcrsonncl. It contains informalion necessary to check, troubleshoot, and maintain the llA32 Two Channel Amplifier. Troubleshooting is primarily based upon internal diagnostics. These diagnostics idenrify suspect FRUs (Field Replaceable Unit). Once the faulty FRU is idcntificd, use the instructions provided in this manual to remove and replace it. Section
5, Replaceable Parts gives a complete lisl of the FRWs in this instrument.
The llA32 plug-in is a two-channel, wide-bandwidth plug-in amplifier that plugs
into any of the 11000-series plug-in mainframes. Commands from the mainframe
control all the plug-in functions. The plug-in front panel has a momentary pushbutton and a back-lighted display on* indicator for each input channel. Orher controls
and statw. indicators are located on the mainframe.
Input impedance of each channel is set independently to either 1 Ma or 50 R.
Bandwidth can be limited to 20 MHz or 100 MHz. Each channel provides a display
and a trigger output to the host mainframe. Each of these outputs is comprised of
any mainframe-specified combination of the input signals. The plug-in also provides
an auxiliary output from each channel to rhe mainframe.
Each channel has a TEKPROBE@ input connector. The TEKFROBE~II input connector accepts a Level 1 or Level 2 TEKPROBEB, a probe with a bnc connector, or
a bnc connector. The plug-in detects the probe-encoding information and uses lhis
information to automatically achiwe the desired settings.

Plug-in to Mainframe Compatibility


The system bandwidth depends on the host mainframe. Details about bandwidth are.
included in Part 4, Specificarion, of the Users Reference Supplcmcnt, and in the
Tektronix Corporate Catalog. Refer to rhe Tektronix Corporate Catalog for complele compatibility information.

General Information - 1 lA32 Service Reference

I-l

Initial Inspection
This instrument was inspected mechanically and electrically before shipment. Therefox, tbc instmmcnt should not have any mars or scratches and should meet all electrical specifications.
Inspect the plug-in for possible physical damage incurred in transit. Use the Incoming Inspection Procedure shipped with the instrument to verify instrument performance. If you find damage or deficiency, contact your local Tektronix Firlcl Office or representative.

lnstalling and Removing the Plug-In


To install the plug-in in any 11000~series oscilloscope mainframe:
I,.

Set the mainframe ON/STANDBY switch to STANDBY to prevent damage to


the instrument.

If

the green indicator light remains ON when the STANDBYposition


is selec6ed, 6hen the switch has been left internally disabled afkr the
servicing of the power supply. To enable the ONlSTANDBY$witch,
refer m the Maintenance section of the muirrframe Service Manual.

2.

Align the grooves in the top and bottom of the plug-in with the guides in the
mainframe plug-in compartment.

3 . Insert the plug-in into the mainframe until its front panel is flush with the
front panel of the mainframe.
To remove the plug-in from a mainframe.
1.

Set the mainframe ON/STANDBY switch fo STANDBY to prevent damage to


the instrument.

2.

Pull the release latch (see Fig. I-l) to disengage the unit fmm the mainframe.

3.

Pull the plug-in straight out of the plug-in compartment.

General Information - 1 lA32 Service Reference

MAINFRAME

\ RELEASE
LA03

Figure l-l. Installing a plug-in in * mainframe oscilloscope.

Instrument Options
The ~u~fmner can order Option 22, which includes two P6134 probzs.

General Information- llA32 Service Kcfcrence

1-3

Packaging for Shipment


If possible, save and reuse the original cation and packaging to package the insttument when shipping it by commercial transportation. Package and ship plug-in units
and mainframes separately.
Attach a tag to the plug-in if it is shipped to a Tektronix Service Center for service
or repair. Include the following information on the tag:
l

Name and address of the instrument owner;

* Name of a person at your firm who can be contacted about the instrument;
* Complete instrument type and serial number, and
. A description of the service required.
Package the plug-in as follows, if the original package is not available or is not fit for
use:
1.

Obtain a corrugated cardboard carton with inside dimensions at least six inches
greater than the instrument dimensions. Use a carton with a bursting test
strength of at least 2CO pounds per square inch.

2 . Fully wrap the plug-in with anti-static sheeting, or its equivalent, to protect the
finish.
3 . Tightly pack dunnage or urethane foam between the carton and the instrument
to cushion the plug-in on all sides. Allow three inches of packing on each side.
4 . Seal the carton with shipping tape or with industrial staples.
5 . Mark the address of the Tektronix Service Center and your return address on
the carton in one or more prominent places.

Plug-In Memory Backup Power


The non-volatile RAM (AlU801 NV RAM) within the plug-in allows retention of
the data in memory when the mainframe power is removed.
NV RAM stores system-configuration data such as the plug-in, mainframe, and
probe IDS as well as the calibration constants. The dala that the NV RAM stores,
enable the plug-in to resume Enhanced Accuracy performance from a powereddown condition, without performing a full calibration (Enhanced Accuracy) operation.
The rated lifetime of the NV.RAMs integral power source is ten years. If, on system power-up, the plug-in habitually loses Enhanced Accuracy status without a system configuration change (that is, the plug-in remains plugged into the same slot in
the same mainframe), then the NV RAM might require replacement.

General Information- llA32 Service Referencc:

and long inst;ument life.

Operating Temperature
Operate the plug-in where the ambient air temperature is between O0 and +50 C.
Store the plug-in unit in ambient temperatures from -40 to + 75 C. After storage
at temperatures outside the operating limits, allow the chassis to reach the operating
temperature range before applying power.
Enhanced system accuracy is available after a 20-minute warmup period. After entry into Enhanced Accuracy, lhc instrument reverts to non-enhanced accuracy if the
internal mainframe temperature changes more than 5O C.

General Information- 1 lA32 Service Reference

l-5

Section 2
Checks and Adjustments
This seclion wntain$ proccdurcs to check clecttical specifications and to manunlly
set all internal adjustments. This procedure provides a logical sequence of cheek and
adjustment steps, and is inlcnded to return the instrument to spccificd operation
following repair, or as a part of a routine mnintcnancc program. Consult the Users
Rcfcrcncc manual for more information about adverlised specificnlions and
in~lrument operation. Consult the test equipment manuals for information
concerning test rquipmcnt rctup or intcrconncction. The specifications or
measurement limits are given at the hcginning ofcach procedure.

Using This Procedure


In these procedures, cnpital letters within the body of text identify front-panel
controls, indicators, and connectors (for example, MEASURE) on the mainframe
and plug-in. Bold Icttrrs iduttify menu labels and display messages. Initial capital
letters identify connectors, cantrols, and indicators (for example, Position) on
associated lest equipment. Initial capital letters also identify ad,justments inside the
plug-in (for example Vert Pas).
A heading system is used to readily identify the steps that contain pcrformancc
verification and/or adjustment instructions. For example, if CHECK is the first word
in the title of a step, an elec~tical spccifiication is chcckcd. If ADJUST nppears in the
title, the step involves an electrical adjustment. IfEx4MINE is the first word in the
step lille, the step concc~s measurement limits that indicate whether the instrument
is opernting properly; these limits WC not to be interpreted as electrical
specifications.

Menu Selections and Measurement Techniques


Details on mex.uremcnt techniques and instructions fur making menu xlcctions arc
gcncrally not included in this procedure. Comprehensive drscriptions 01 mcnw and
instrument fcaturrs arc located in the Users Reference manual.
The mainframe tutorial manual is strongly recommendrd to funiliatizc Lhc tirst-time
user wilh the mainfrnmc controls and features.

Cheeks and Adjustments- I ],A32 Service Reference

Plug-h Unit Installation and Removal

To avoid insmrmeot dumage, set the mainframe ON/STANDBY


switch to STANDBY before installing or wmovi~lgplttg-in tmits.

Initialized Setting
At the beginning of most steps, the user is instructed to Initialize the instrument as
part of the setup. The Initialize feature, available through the Utility menu, presets
all instrument controls and functions to known values. Initializing the instrument at
the beginning of a step eliminates the possibility of settings from previous steps
causing erroneous or confusing results. For more information on inittahzation, refer
to the mainframe Users Reference manual.

Test Equipment
Table 2-l contains suggested test equipment used with the Checks and Adjustment
Procedure. Procedure steps are based on the test equipment examples given, but
other equipment with similar specifications may be substituted. However, using other
equipment could alter the test results, the setup information, or the related
connectors and adapters required.

Procedure Parts
The procedure is divided into the following parts which
sequentially:
1.

Initial Setup

2.

Examine/Adjust Step Response

3.

Check Bandwidth

4.

Check Enhanced Accuracy

5.

Check DC Balance

6.

Check AV DC Accuracy

1.

Check DC Offset Accuracy

should

be petfottned

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Reference

TABLE 2-1
Test Equipment

Leveled

Minimum
Specificntion

Exanlples of
Applicuhlc
Test Equipment

Tektronix four-cornpart.
mcnt power module.

TEKTRONIX TM SO4
Power Module.

250 MHZ to 1000 MHZ,


Leveled variable
amplitude, 50 kHz or
I 6 MHz rcfuence.

TE K T R O N I X S G 504
Lwelvzlcd Sine Wave
Generator with a
TM 500~scrics
Powr Module.

250 kHt to 250 MHz,


Leveled variable
amplitude, 50 kHz
rcfuxce.

TEKTRONIX SC ,503
Leveled Sine Wave
Generator with a
TM 500-series
Power Module.

Two supplies,
continuously variable
from O-20 V; current
limit, adjustable from
O-500 mA.

TEKTRONIX PS 503A
Dual Power Supply
with il TM 500-scrics
Power Module.

250 mV amplitude;
gl2.5 ps rise time;
< 1% aberrations

TEKTRONIX 067-0681-01
Tunnel Diode Calibration
Fiixturc.

Digital Voltmeter
(w/rest leads)

<O.Ol% Accuracy.

Fluke XX42A Di~itol


Voltmeter.

Signal Standardrzcr

Tektronix Calibration
Fixture with interface
connector modified for
11000-scrics use.

TEKTRONIX 067-0587-02
Signal Slandardizcr.

Calibration
Gcncrator

Period, 0.1 ms,


Amplitude, -60 V.

TEKTRONIX PG 506
Calibration Gcncrator
with a TM SO+series
Power Module.

50 R, 36-inch, male
BNC connectors.

Tektronix Part 01,2-0482-00.

BNC Female to Clip


lends.

Tektronix Part 013-0076-00.

Impedance: 50 tI,
one male and one
female BNC connector.

Tektroniv Part Oil-0059-02.

BNC Female to
Dual Banana

Tektronix Part 103-fJO90-00.

Sine Wave
Generators

--I
7
Power Supply

Adapter, BNC to
Alligator Clips

Connector, T

Cheeks and Adjustments-11A32 Service Reference

BNC T: Two female and


Tektronix Parr 103-OO30-00.
one male BNC wnnecto~ :

2-3

TABLE Z-1( cant)


Test Equipment

Minimum

Examples of
Applifahk
Test Equipment

Description

Speritication

50 R Termination

Impcclancc: 50 n;
Accuracy, within 2%;
connectors, BNC.

Tektronix Part 011-0049-01.

Resistor

510 R, 10% tolerance;


power rating, 1 W.

Tektronix Part 303-0511-00.

Alignment Tool
(insulated slat)

Insulated slot.

Tektronix Part 003-0675-01.

Magnetic

Holder for Ton; tips.

Tektronix Part 003-0293-00.

#G tip
#7 tip
#8 tip
#IO tip
#15 tip

Tektronix
Tektronix
Tektronix
Tektronix
Tektronix

IC Insertion-Extraction
Pliers 28-pin type

General Tool P/N


W505BG or equiv.

Screwdriver
Tot% Screwdriver
Tips

Integrated Circuit
Extracting Tool

Part 003-1415-00.
Part 003-1293-M].
Part 003-0964-00.

Part 003-0814-00.
Part 003-0966-00.

Needle-nose pliers
Tweezers

2-4

Static Control Mat

Tektronix Part 006-3414-W.

wrist strap

Tektronix Part 006-3415-00.

Checks and Adjustments-llA32 Service Reference

Pufurm the Cheeks and Adjustment procedure wilhin the ambient temperature
range of + 18 and +28 C, to assure proper instrument operation.

Procedure

8.

Power on the following test equipment, so that it is wnrtned up with the


instrument to be tested.
Power Supply
Calibration Generator
Leveled Sine Wave Generators
Digital Voltmeter

b.

With the ON/STANDBY switch set to STANDBY, connect the mainframe to a


suitable power source.

c.

Install a Signal Standardizer in the Center plug-in companmcnt


in the Left plug-in compartment.

d.

Set the front-panel ON/STANDBY switch to ON.

c.

Allow the rquipment lo warm up for 20 minutes bcforc continuing.

Cheeks and Adjustments- 11 A32 Service Referenct:

and the 1 IA32

2-S

Part 2a - Examine/Adjust Step Response:


Standard Procedure
Description

The Amplifier high frequency peaking is adjusted so that the bandwidth is adequate
and that the aberrations are not excessive. The Standard Procedure requires the use
ot an 11402 mainframe to assure that the plug-in perfomx properly in any
mainframe. If an 11402 mainframe is not available, use an 11401 to perform this
procedure. If neither the 11401 nor 11402 mainframe is available, then use the
Alternative Procedure at the end of this part.
First, the Signal Standardizer provides a reference waveform to characterize the
mainframe. Mainframe aberrations are displayed at 2% per division.

Measurement Limits

men, the waveform is compared with the characterizations of the waveform in the
Examine Mainframe Step Response section to determine the plug-ins contribution.

The difference between the two waveform aberrations should not exceed 4.5% peak
(2.25 divisions) and 7% (3.5 divisions) peak-to-peak. One major grnticule division

= 2%.

2-6

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Reference


I

Parl Za-Examinc/Adjusl

Step Response: Standard Procedure

Examine Mainframe Step Response


Setup
Oscilloscope
Mainframe

EDs
0

First lnitializc the oscilloscopes settings, then perform the fallowing in the or.
der listed:
Oscilloscope Meinfrnmc
Utility
menu
Instrument
Options
Waveform Scaling (Forced)
aer
Wfrn
c
(cenler)
T
r
i
g
g
e
r
m
e
n
u Source De==
Maln
Trigger
Source
Description
menu
C
(center)
IA Plug-h
Not used in this step.
Signal Standnrdizcr
T
e
s
t
Ven o
r
Hoti?.
+ Step Resp
Rep
Rate
_,
_,
_,
100
kI,Iz
12 oclock
Pusition
Amplitude
. 9 oclock
Oscilloscope Mniefrnme
.,,..,...,
M
a
i
n
Sire2 nsldlv
Trig Level ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,...............,..,..,,..,.....,..
40%
MainPas............................ position positive pulse wansirion
one division from left edge of graticulc
Acquire Description

bmplilude

Orcilloscopc
Veti

div

vertical

Step

Mainfrume
Pos:

ven

Wfm
Mag:

position

top
Wfrn

of

step
on
ccntcr
horizontal graticule lint
100
mv
8182,205

Procedure

a.

Record rhe displayed waveform on graph paper or make a hardcopy of lhe


display. This waveform is used in the following Examine/Adjust Plug-In Step
Rcsponsc procedure for comparison against the plug-in step response.

b.

Sat the mainframe ON/STANDBY witch to STANDBY.

c.

Remove the Signal Standardizer from the Center plug-in compartment.


Rcmovc the llA32 from the Left plug-in compartment.

Cheeks and Adjustments-t LA32 Service Reference

2-Y

Part 2s-ExaminrlAdiust

Slev Resvonse:

Standard Procedure

Examine/Adjust Plug-h Step Response (Al RI 015,, Al R1025)


setup

Coaxial Cable
Perform the following settings in the order listed:
1. Remove the left side cover from the llA32.
2. hen the I IA32 into the mainframe Center plug-in compartment.
3. Connect the 067-0681-01 Pulser to the CH I input connector.
4. Connect a 50 R coaxial cable from the Calibration Generator High Amp1
Output connector to the Pulser.
Calibration Generator

TD
Triggered
Level
Fully
clockwise
Oscilloscope Mainframe
ON/STANDBYswitch ..,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,..........,.,,..ON
Wait for calibration qcle to complctc
Utility
menu
lnitiali~
Utility menu Instrument Options Waveform Scaling (Forced)
center Plug-In
CH IDisplayon/off ,,._.................,...,,,,,,.._.......... on
Oscilloscope Mainframe
Verl
Size
50
mV/dlv
lmpedance.................................................50R
1 ps/dlv
MalnSlze..................................-...-..
MalnPos .,,.,..,................ position positive-going edge to first
graticule lint from left edge of graticulc
Pwer
TD
Triggered
Level
rotate
control
countercloclcxise
to
the point where a step just starts to appear
on the lower part of the positive-going edge.
Oscilloscope Mainframe
Acquire Description
AverageN..........................................~.....
on
SetAvgN ,,.,.................,,,,,,,.,,.,................. 8
MalnSize...............................................2ns/div
Maln Pas p o s i t i o n p o s i t i v e - g o i n g e d g e b e t w e e n t h e tint a n d
second graticule lines from the left edge of the
graticulc.
Verl
Onsol
position
top
of
step
to
the
center
horizontal graticule lint
Numeric
Entry
&
Knob
Res
menu
Fine
Vari
Size.
5
div
step
amplitude
display
Vert Size, set readout for 10% of present readout (-4 mV/div)
Vetf
Offset
position
tight
side
of
trace
to
the
center horizontal graticule line
8182-208

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Rcfercnce

a.

EXAMINE-compare the displayed waveform with lhc WWC~O~I rccordcd in


the previous Examine Mainframe Step Response procedure and cxaminc the
plug-ins contribution for aburations within 4.5% peak (2.25 divisions) and
7% peak-to-peak (3.5 divisions).
I
a

DO NOT attempt to optimize the aberrations if they are within the


stated limits. Proceed to step c.

b.

ADJUST-WI, RI015 on the Al Main board, 50 that the CH 1 aberrations


arc within 4.5% peak (2.25 divisions) and 7% peak-to-peak (3.5 divisions).
Refer to Figure 2-l for adjustment locations.

c.

Remove the displayed waveform,

(1.

Move the Pulser to the CH 2 input connector. Then, repeat the Setup
Procedure beginning at the Center Plug-In settings and proceeding through
step a, b, and c in this procedure (the adjustment is performed using the HFZ
adjustment, R1025).

Figure 2-l. Al Maln board adjustment locations.

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Rcfcrence

Alternative Procedure
Description

The Amplifier high frequency peaking is adjusted so that the bandwidth is adequate
and lhat the aberrations are not excessive. This procedure is used when neither the
11401 nor the 11402 mainframe is available. Performance is assured only for the
particular plug-in and mainframe combination examined and adjusted in this
procedure.
Plug-in and mainframe aberrations are displayed at 20% per division.

Measurement Limits

Z-10

The waveform aberrations should not exceed 4.5% peak (0.225 division) and 7%
(0.35 division) peak-to-peak. One major graticule division = 20%.

Checks ,and Adjustments-IL432 Service Reference

Examine/Adjust Plug-h Step Response (Al R1015,. Al RI 025)


Setup

F r

PUlSer

Coaxial Cable

Perform the following settings in the order listed:


I. Remove the left side cover from the 1 lA32.
2. Insert the 11A32 into the mainframe Center plug-in campanment.
3. Cunncct the 067-0681-01 Pulser to the CH 1 input connector.
4. Connect a 50 II coaxial cable from the Calibration Geoeratv High AmpI
Oulput wnncct~r to the Fulser.
Calibration Generator
Function
switch
High
hmpl
Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..0.1ms
Pulse
Amplitude
_,
Mw
Pulrer
TV
Ltiggc;rcd
Lcvcl
_,
Fully
clockwiac
Oscilloscope
Mainframe
ONISTANVBY
switch
_,
_,
_,
_,
ON
Wait for calihrarion cycle to complete
lltiliry
menu Initialize
Center Plug-h

Verl
Size
.,
.,
,,
.,
50
mV/div
Impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..50~
MainSize...............................................r
&div
Main
Pos
position
positive-going
edge
to
fitw
graticule line from let1 edge ofpraricule
Putser

I
D
~Triggcrcd
rotate I,,xvcl
cmtrol cuuntcrckJckwisc to
the point where B step just stans to appear
on the lower pan of the positive-going edge.
Oscilloscope Mainfmme
Main
Size
_,
.,
..,
..,
5
ns/div
Vert
Offset
position
top
of
step
2.5
divisions
above
the center horizontal graticulc lint
Veri
Size:
Fine
5
div
step
amplitude
display

Checks and Adjuslments-11A32

Setvice Rcfwxcc

2-u

Part 2-Examine/Adjust Step Response: Standard Procedure

Procedure

a. WINE-that the displayed waveform aberrations arc less than 4.5% peak
(0.225 division) and 7% peak-to-peak (0.35 division).
DO NOT attempt to optimize the aberrations if they are within the
stated limits. Proceed to step c.

b . .UJK?T-HEl, RlOlS on the Al Main board, 50 that the aberrations are


within 4.5% peak (0.225 division) and 7% peak-to-peak (0.35 division). Refer
to Figure 2-I for adjustment locations.
c.

Remove the displayed waveform.

0.

Move the Pulser to the CH 2 input connector. Then, repeat the Setup
Procedure begining at the Center Plug-In settings and proceeding through
steps a, b, and c in this procedure (the adjustment is performed using the HF2
adjustment, R1025).

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Reference

Part a-Check Bandwidth


Description

At SO kHz the Leveled Sine Wave Generator amplitude is scl for a displayed
relercncc. The frequency is set to the specified bandwidth, and the displayed
amplitude is checked for less than a 3 dB decrease.
Specified performance of the ulur-in in all mainframes is sssurcd only if the nlun-in
. y
ii tested in an ,I 1402 mainfr&.-If the plug-in is tested in a mainframe of lower
bandwidth, specified performance is assured only in mainframes of equal or lower
bandwidth.

Specification

Refer to Table 2-2.

Setup
Oscilloscope

l -@ H
Leveled
Sine Wave
Generator
output
P
n

\
10X Attenuator
(not connectad yet)

---

Coaxial Cable

First Initialize the oscilloscopes settings then perform the following seui~lgs in
the urdcr listed:
Center Plug-in
CHI
Display
on/off..
nn
o~cillomqbe
Mninrrnme
Impedance ,.,,.~..................._,.,,,,.,,,,,,..,.,,.,,
50 IL
MainSize
Leveled Sinf Wave Generator
A m p l i t u d e ..__..,,,,,,,,,.,..........................
Frequency ,,,,,,.,,.,,......................,.,,,,..,,,

lOfls/div
4Vp-p
RCf~crCW

If the Levclzd Sine Wave Generator has a remote lcvcling head, you must connect it
to the plug-in input connector without addilional coaxial cables.
The Reference frequency musl bc between 50 kHz and 6 MHz.

Cheeks and Adjustments-

llA32 Service Reference

Part 3-Check Bandwidth

Procedure

Perform this procedure for each Vertical Size listed in Table 2-2; then repeat for CH
2.
This procedure may require the use of more than one Leveled Sine Wave Generator
to test all the frequencies listed in Table 2-2.
If the Leveled Sine Wave Generator is not equipped with internal attenuators, then
use two 10X Attcnualots at the plug-in unit input when setting amplitude.
To measure the amplitude, either count the divisions, use the AV cursors, or use the
peak-to-peak measurement function (11400 series mainframes only).
a.

Set the Leveled Sine Wave Generator amplitude as shown in the Reference
Amplitude columns.

b . Set the Leveled Sine Wave Generator frequency as shown in the Frequency
column (according the mainframe type you are using).

Vertical
Size
V/diV
1
500m
so m
20 m
10 m
5m
2m
lm

2-14

Reference Amplitude
div

V
4
3
300m
120 m
6Om
30 Ill
12 m
6m

c.

CMJCK-that the displayed amplitude is at least the value shown in the


CHECK Amplitude column.

d.

Set the Leveled Sine Wave Generator to the Reference frequency.

E.

Set Vertical Size as shown in the next line of Table 2-2.


TABLE 2-2
llA32 Bandwidth Table

Frequency,MHA (Mainframe type:)

u402
%i
400
400
400
400
300
250

T CHECK Amplitude

WOl

div

300
300
300
300
300

2.83
4.24
4.24
4.24
4.24
4.24
4.24
4.24

2.83
2.12
212 m
84.8 m
42.4 m
21.2 m
8.48 m
4.24 m

iit
200

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Sewice Reference

Part 4-Check Enhanced Accuracy


Descriotion

When disnlavcd. the Enhanced Accuraw svmbol (EAI indicates that the instrument
is at its h&h&t &racy state. The in&mcnt sksthe time of calibration and
ambient temperature for use in maintaining the Enhanced Accuracy state.
For more information about the Enhanced Accuracy state, see Enhanced
Measurement Accuracy Indicator in the mainframe Users Rcfcrence manual.
While Enhanced Accuracy is in efFect, to verify the DC mcasurcment Accuracy of
the plug-in and mainframe system, apply and monitor lest voltages, and compare
these test voltages with the measurements made on the screen.

Specification

When invoked the self-calibration Activity executes successfully.

lnilializc

the oscilloscopes settings

Center Plug-in
No setting changes.
Oscilloscope Mainframe
No sating changes.

Cheeks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Reference

Part 4-Enhanced Awlran/

Procedure

a.

Twenty minutes after power up, the instrument must twalibratc itself to
achieve the Enhanced Accuracy state. Press the ENHANCED ACCURACY
button. Another prompt then appears on the display. Press the ENHANCED
ACCURACY button again. Self-calibration takes a couple of minutes.

Turning the insmrmentpower off during se[f-cnlibralion may result in


losing some of the Non-Volatile RAM dnta. This could cause
diagnostic errors at the ntw power-up and affect normal in.wrw?wnt
operation in unpredictable ways.

2-16

b.

CHECK-for the message, Callbratlon In Progress or Enhanced


Accuracy in Progress, indicating that the instrument began self-calibration.

c.

CMfXK-for the message, Calibration completed and, passed or Self


calibration completed successfully, indicating successful self-calibration.
The EA,indicator apwars on the display when calibration is finished.

Checks and Adjustments-llA32 Service Reference

Part 5-Check DC Balance


Description

The position of the displayed tract with no input signal applied is examined.
The system must hc in Enhanced Accuracy mode during this procedure.

Specification

Refer to Table 2-3.

Setup

First Initialize the oscilloscopes


the order listed.
Cfntcr Plug-in

settings then perform the fullowing settings in

VeltSize...............................................
10 V/div
BW
Limit
or
HF
Limit
_,
20
MHz
Impedanc:e................................................
SOn

Procedure

Perform this procedure for each channel.


CIfECK- that the displayed trace position is at the center graticule line, within the
value Shift listed in Table 2-3 for each Vert Size xtting.
If you are using the 11301 or 11302 mainframe, USC Vertical Cursors to help
measure the trace psition.
If you arc using the 13401 or 11402 mainframe, set Average N to ON and we
Mean (whole zone) in the Measurement menu to help measure the tract position.

Cheeks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Reference

2-17

Part 5-Check DC Balance


TABLE 2-3
UM2 DC Balance Table
40: !Shift
(f mV)

vet-t size
10 V/div
5 V/div
2 Vldiv
1 V/div
0.5 V/div
0.2 V/div
0.1 V/div
50 mV/div
20 mV/div
10 mV/div
5 mV/div
2 mV/div
1 tnV/div

0.063
0.065
0.073
0.085
0.065
0.073
0.085
0.065
0.073
0.085
0.110
0.185
0.310

630
330
146
85

I:.:
8.3
3.3
1.4B
.83
.55
.37
.31

U301,ll302Shift
(f div)
0.093
0.095
0.103
0.115
0.095
0.103
0.115
0.095
0.103
0.115
0.140
0.215
0.340

Checks and Adjustments-llA32 Service Reference

Part 6-Check AV DC Accuracy

Description

The system AV DC Accuracy is checked using a precision Digital Voltmcler and a

Power Supply.
The system must be in Enhawd Accuracy mode during this procedure.

Saecification

Rcfcr to Table 2-4.

Oscilloscope

I
power
SUPPlY

000

I
50 fi Termination
(not connected yet)

connect&a yet)

- 510 n Resistor
(not connected yet)

,., First Initialize the oscilloscopes settings then perform the fallowing

settings in

the order listed.


Center Plug-in

CH 1 Displayonioff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..on
Oscillorcope
Mainframe
VertSize...............................................
lOV/div
BWLimiturHFLimit
Power supply

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Scwice Reference

20MHz

Part &Check AV DC Accuracy

Perform this procedure for each channel.


a.

If you use the 11301 or 11302 mainframe, then Select Vertical Cursors and
position the cursors for readouts of Veti Ref = -30.0 V and Avert = 60.0 V.
If you use the 11401 or 11402 mainframe, then set Average N to ON and use
Mean (whole zone) in the Measurements menu to help set the trace to the
graticule marks.

b . Connect the alligator clipsto the Power Supply and set the voltage so that the
trace is coincident with the 11301/11302 cursor at -3 divisions or the
11401/11402s fourth graticulo mark below the center of the screen. Read the
Digital Voltmeter (DVM) and record this value (Vl) on a copy of Table 2-4.
c.

Connect the alligator clips to the Power Supply and set the voltage so that the
trace is coincident with the 11301/11302 cursor at +3 divisions or the
I14Ol/11402s fourth graticule mark above the center of the screen. Read the
DVM and record this value (V2) on a copy of Table 2-4.

(1.

Subtract V2 - Vl = AV and write the absolute value of the difference on the


copy of Table 2-4.

e.

C1YECK-that AV is within the tolerance given in the specification column of


Table 2-4.

I.

CHECK-each Ven Size setting listed in Table 2-4 by repeating steps b


through e. Set the Verl Size as directed. When testing with small voltages, it
may help to install a resistor in series and a 50 II termination in parallel
between
the. power
and the coaxial cable so that you can set the
.,
. . supply, output
..

llA32

TABLE 2-4
AV DC Accurani Table

Voltmeter Readings

Vertical

vl

Size

(from step b)

10 V/div
5 Vldiv
2 Vidiv
1 Vldiv
0.5 V/div
0.2 V/div
0.1 V/div
50 mV/div
49 mV/div
23 mV/div
20 mV/div
10 mV/div
5 mV/div
2 mV/div
1 mV/div

V
-V

Z-20

- V
V
\I
>V

mV
mV
-mV
--IV
-mV
mV
-mV
-IV
-mV
-

v2
(from step c)

AV= 1%MI

V
V
V
-V
-V
mV
-tV
-mV
mV
mV
mV
ImV
mV
mV
- mV

1;V

(from step d)

V
-V

h
Specificnlion
ll4om4u2

(Av) *L-T

80f0.504
40 f0.252

V
V
16 fO.lO1 v
8 f0.0504 v
4f0.0252 V

1.6 fO.0101 v

_mV
mV
--IV
-Iv

800f5.04mV
4OOf2.52mV
392f2.47 mV

mV
--IV
-mV
ImV

184 j9.16 mV
16U f1.01 mV
80 f0.504 mv
40f0.252 mV
16 f0.101 mV
8 fO.0504 mV

q lV
IV

Limit

60 f0.720 V
30 fO.3rn v
12 f0.144 v
6 f0.0720 v
3 fO.03W v
1.2 f0.0144 v
600 f7.20 mV
3oof3.6OmV
294&3.53 mV
138f1.66 mV

120 f1.44 mV

60f0.720mV
30*0.36OmV
12 f0.144 mv
6f0.0720 mV

Checks and Adjustments-HA32 Service Reference

Part 7-Check DC Offset Accuracy


Description

The system DC Offset is checked using a Precision Digital Voltmctcr snd B POWI
SUPPlY.
The system must be in Enhanced Accuracy mode during lhis.procedure.

Specification

Refer to Table 2-S.

setup

Digital Voltmeter

50 R Termination
(not connected yet)

-WV- 510 R Resistor


(not connected yet)

First Initialize the oscilloscopes settings then perform the foXlowingsettings in


the order listed.
Center Plug-in
CH IDisplayonloff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..un
Osfillorfopf Mainfrnme
BW
Ltmit
or
HF
Limit 20 MHz
l%wr Supply
Voltage...................................................
+4ov
uigiw1 V0ltlttctfr
Mode
DC
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Aut~

Checks and Adjustments- 1 IA32 Service Reference

Part 7-Check DC Offset ACCU~~LY

Procedure

Perform this procedure for each channel.


a.

Note the position of the displayed trace (it should be near the center of the
graticule).
XI you are using the 11301 or 11302 mainframe, use Vertical Cursors to help
measure and set the trace position.
If you are using the 11401 or 11402 mainframe, set Average N to ON and use
Mean (whole zone) in the Measurement menn to help tneasure and set the
trace position.

b . Connect the BNC T Connector to the CH 1 input connector, with the DVM
connected.
c.

Set the Vett Offset to 40 V. Connect the alligator clips to the Power Supply
and set the voltage so that the displayed trace returns to the position noted in
step a.

cl.

CHECK-that the difference between the Vet? Offset reading and the DVM
reading is less than that shown in Table 2-5.

e.

Disconnect the Power Supply and set Vetl Offset to 0.

f.

Repeat steps a through e for each Ven Size and Offset shown in Table 2-S.
When testing with small voltages, it may help to install a resistor in series and a
SO R termination in parallel between the power supply output and the coaxial
cable so that you can set the voltages with better resolution.
,,.. ^.
.._n

Vertical Size
1 V/div
0.1 V/div
,. ,.,-m.m 1 mv/ojiv
1 mV/div
1 mV/div
c-- ,., 1 mV/div
, , , ., ,
1 mV/div

Vertical OfYset

(Vertical Offset - DVM


Rendha) Limit (h Volts)

40 v
10 v
, 1v
800 mV
600mV
400 mv
200 mV

Checks and Adjustments- llA32 Service Reference


I

Section 3
IMaintenance
This section contains information for performing preventive maintcnancc, corrective
maintenance, testing and diagnostics. All support-related items mentioned in this
manual are listed in Table 2-1.

Preventive Maintenance
Prwentive maintenance performed regularly can prevent or forestall instrument
breakdown and may improve instrument reliability. The severity of the environment
to which the instrument is subjected determines the frequency of maintcnancc.

Plug-in Shield Removal


The side shields, top-and-bottom frames. and front panel reduce radiation of clectromagnclic interference (EMI) from the instrument. The side shields are held in
place by grooves in the frame.
To remove a shield, pry it out with your fingers, beginning at the rear of the appropriate side. To install a shield, position it over the frame rail grooves, then press
down with your fingers until the shield snaps into place. Pressure must bz applied
along the full length of the frames to secure the shield.
The plug-in will not slide into the mainframe if the side shields are not fully seated
in the frames.

Cleaning
The pluc-in should be cleaned as often as operating conditions require. Accumulation of din on components acts as an insulating blanket and prevents efficient heat
dissipation, which can cause overheating and component breakdown. Din also provides an electrical conduction path that can result in instrument failure.
The cabinet panels of the mainframe, in which the plug-in is installed, rcducc the
amount of dust reaching the interior of the instrument. Keep the cabinet panels in
place for safety and cooling.

Maintenance- I IA32 Scrvicc Reference

3-1

Preventive Maintcnancc

Exterior
Loose dust accumulated on the outside of the instrument can br removed with a soft
cloth or small brush. The brush is particularly useful for dislodging dirt in and
around the side-shield ventilation hales and front-panel switches. Remove the side
shields before cleaning them.

Interior
Cleaning the interior of the instrument should seldom be necessary. The best way to
clean the interior is to blow off the accumulated dust with dry, low-velocity air (such
as from a vacuum cleaner). Remove any din that remains with a soft brush or a
cloth dampened with a mild solution of detergent and water. A cotton-tipped swab
is usfful for cleaning in narrow spacus, or for cleaning more delicate circuit wmponcnts (refer to the topic Amplifier Hybrids, under Corrective Maintenance later in
this section, for more information on Hypcon connectors).

Circuit boards und components mtrst be dry before applying power to


prevent damage from elecnical shorn.

Visual Inspection
The plug-in should be inspected occasionally for loosely-seated or heat-damaged
components. The corrective procedure for most visible de&s is obvious. However,
particular care must be taken if heat-damaged parts are found. Overheating usually
indicates other problems in the instrument. Therefore, correcting the cawe of Overheating is important to prevent recurrence of the damage.

Periodic Electrical Adjustment


To ensure accurate measurements, check the electrical adjustment of this instrument
after each 2,ooO hours of operation, or every 24 months if used infrequently. Instructions are given in Section 2, Checks and Adjustments.

3-2

Maintenance - Il.432 Service Reference

Corrective Maintenance
Corrective maintenance consists of Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) replacuncnt and
instrument repair. Special techniques required to replace ERUs in the plug-in art:
given hcrc.

Ordering Parts
When ordering replacement parts from Tektronix, Inc., including the following infw
matio:
1. Instrument type
2. Instrument serial umber
3.

A description of Ihe part (if clccttical, icludc circuit number)

4. Tektronix part umber

Static-Sensitive Device Classification

This instrument contains electrical components that arc susccptiblc to damage from
static discharge. Table 3-1 gives relative susceptibility of various classes of wmiconductors. Static voltages of I kV to 30 kV are ammo in unprotecled environments.
O~SCTYL. the following precautions to avoid damage:
I.

Minimize handling of static-sensitive components.

2.

Transport and store static-sensitive componcnls or assemblies i their otiginal


containers on a metal surfxc, or conductive foam. Label any package that
contains static-sensitive assemblies or components.
Discharge the static voltage from your body by wearing a wrisl strap while handling these components Servicing static-sensitive assemblies or components
should be perfonned only at a Static-free work station by qualified smvice personnel. We recommend the use of the Static Control Mat and Wrist Strap.
Allow nothing capable of generating or holding a Static charge on your work
station surface.
Keep the component leads shorted together whcncvcr possible.

Maintenance- 1 IA32 Service Reference

3-3

Corrective Maintenance
6.

Pick up components by the body, never by the ICWJS.

7 . Do not slide the components over any surface.


8.

Avoid handling components in areas that have a floor or


capable of generating a static charge.

work-surface coveting

TABLE 3-l
Relative Susceptibility to Damage From Static Discharge
Relative
Susceptibility
LW&

Semiconductor Classes

MOS or CMOS microcircuits. and discrete or


linear microcircuits with MOS inputs
(most sensitive)

1
I

ECL
Schottky signal diodes
Schottky TTL
High-frequency bipolar transixors
JFETS

Linear microcircuits

Low-power Schotrky TTL

TTL (least sensitive)


Voltage equivalent for levelr.
1 = 100 to $00 v
2=2ooto5OOv

6 = 6OOto800V
7 = 400 to 1000 v (est)
s=9OOv
9 = t2oov

3 = 2.5ov
4=5aov
5 = 400to600v
(Voltage discharged from B LOO pF tapncitor through a r@sirtance of IOU ohms.)

Maintenance - 1 lA32 Service Reference

Corrcctivc Mainlcnance

Removing and Replacing FRUs

To avoid instmment damage, set the mainframe ONISTANL~~Y


switch to STANDRY and rernow the plug-it1 from the rnuinjiarne
before remoting or replucing FRUs.
To determine lhc location of a FRW, refer to Figure 3-1.
The side shields will have to be removed to gain access to the circuit boards and
other FRUs.
The exploded-view drawing associaled wilh the Replaccahlc Partr list may be helpful
in the disassembly procedures that follow. This drawing is located in Section 5, at
the end of this manual.

!f the gwen I@6 irulicator remains lit when rhe STANDBYposition is


selected, then the switch has been left internally disabled ofto he
servicing of the power supply. To enable the ON/STANDBY switch,
rqfrr to the Maintenance section of the mainframe Setsice Manrrai.

Maintenance- I lA32 Setvice Reference

3-5

Comcctivc

Maintenance

A.
AlU310
AMP 1

Al410
AMP 2

AILMOO
HOUSEKEEPER
IC

EPROM
IC

ATTENUATOR

A2
FRONT
PANEL
BO*.Ro
?.liN
BOARD

B.

J&
UID
JUMPER

NUT

Al-U700
PROCESSOR
IC

ATTENbATOR

BLOCKS (3)

NUT BLOCKS (2)

Figure 3-1.

3-6

Field Replaceable Units (FRU) locator and

Al Main board securing hardware.

Maintenance- HA32

Service Reference

Corrwtive Mnintenunce

Semiconductor FRU Removal

Observe all the ~speciol prcamtiom tnerztiomd under the heading, Static-Sensitive Device Churi~cntiotz, in this sectiort

Housekeeper integrated Circuit (Slam-Pack ICs)


The Housekeeper IC (A I UCflO) is indexed to its socket by a bw:vclcd corner, a$
shown in Figure 3-2. The other corners are notched to fit the edges of the socket.
The beveled corner aligns with a spring (small metal tab) at one corner of the socket.

Remove the Housekeeper IC as follows:


1.

Unfasten the retaining clip by moving it across the tabs. ft may help to push
down slightly on the MYCT.

2.

Rcmovc the cover slowly to prevent the TC from falling out. Obsawe the index
of the IC before removing it.

.3

Rcmovc the IC with tweezers.

B
Avoid touching the IC or the rocket ao~octs with your Jbzgers.
oils can lessen reliabiliry.

Finger

Install the Housekeeper IC as follows:


1.

Using tweezers, place the bevclcd corncrof the rcplacemrnt IC against the
index spring.

B
Do not dornuge the spring with the beveled corner. Shonitzl:
two comer comtcts could wtdt.

of the

2.

Arrange the other XC comers, with the tweezers, to fit evenly at the cdycs of
the socket.

3.

Set the cover flat on the IC with its end tabs properly aligned wilh the mating
recesses in the socket. (The cover is not symmetrical.)

4.

Push the cover down, keeping it flat on the IC, and slide into place. Hold the
cover in place while moving the retaining clip over the tabs on the other end.

Mnintenance- llA32 Service Refucncc

3-7

Corrective Maintensncc

I
N
BEVEL

CLIP

END TABS

MATING
RECESSES

INDEX
SPRING

EXPLODED VIEW OF BE-PIN SLAM PACK

HOUSEKEEPER IC

INDEX

EPROM
IC

PROCESSOR +
IC
INDEX

INDEX
X-PIN AMPLIFIER HYBRID
MICROPROCESSOR

INTEGRATED

Figure

CIRCUITS

3 - 2 . SemiCOndUCtor i n d e x i n g d i a g r a m .

Amplifier Hybrids
Figure 3-3 shows an exploded view of the Hypcon (Hybrid-printed circuit connector)
and gives disassembly and replacement instructions. When replacing the hybrid, do
not touch the elastomers gold-plated contacts with your fingers. Use a cleaner
which will not lessen contact reliability. The Hypcnn socket contacts are fragile.
Use caution when removing and replacing a Hypcon to avoid damaging these contacts.

3-8

Maintenance- llA.32 Service Reference

Corrective Maintcnancc

III
3
t
I

B&n: reinstallation, WI: a 4X (or greater) magnifying glass to examine the hybrid,
elastomer, and the Hypcon contacts under light for dust, hair, lint, etc. If the
clchcd circuit board surfaces require more cleaning, scrub with a soft tuhhcr eraser.
Blow or vacuum clean, while dusting the surface with a small clean brush.
If the hybrid and elastomer contact holder are contaminated, clean them by flushing
or spraying with alcohol and wcn dty at + 50 C. Do not scrub with a wttnntipped swab or similar device. (Cotton fibcrs may adhere to Ihe contacts.) If the
ccmtact holder is cxwssivcly wntaminatcd, replace il with a new one.
Tighten the mounting sctwvs with two inch-pounds of torque (in the English Unit
System) or 2.3 centimeter-kilograms (in the MKS Unit Systrm) to secure the Hyp
con to the circuit board.
Make SUE lhal lhe elastomer is properly wtcd in the contacl holder before remounting the assembly to the circuit board. Use care when mounting the whole
scmbly to the circuit board to prevent misalignment between the connector and
board.

as-

Corrcctivc Maintenance

EXPLODED VIEW OF HYPCON CONNECTOR

3 PLASTIC FRAME

REGISTRATION PINS
ELASTOMER
0 (CONTACT HOLDER)

MICROCIRCUIT STIFFENER/
HEAT SINK
CROSS SECTION VIEW OF HYPCON CONNECTOR
ELASTOMER
CONTACT HOLDER

CONDUCTOR

Figure 3-3. Hypcon assembly removal and replacement.

3-10

Maintenance- llA32 Service

Reference

DISASSEMBLY AND REMOVAL


Notrce Index on circuit board (arrow) and plastic frame (pointed tab).
2 Unscrew
00
and remove the 4 screw/washer assemblies.

0,
3

04

Lrft plastic frame from board.


Nottce
Index location of hybrid and remove from circuit board with tweezers.
NOTE

05

Nottce Index location of elastomer contact holder and remove from plastic frame by grasping
.
corner with tweezers and lifting up. Do not touch the gold-plated contacts with your fingers,

REASSEMBLY AND REPLACEMENT


a.

Grasp a corner of the elastomer with tweezers and place it into plastic frame. Align keyed corner
of elastomer with keyed corner of plastic frame. Tamp elastomer into plastic frame uniformly.
NOTE

Cleaniness is wry important. Smull hnirs and elastomerflash under the conacts.
which are almost bwisihle to the naked eye, wi// prevent good eiechicol contwt. Most
apparent failures of the hybrid are nctrraliy due to contaminution of the Hypcon. Ilo
not tortch the gold-plated contmts with fingers.
b.

Place the hybrid into the square hole in circuit board. The hybrid is keyed so that it will fit into
the circuit board in only one orientation. When the back of the hybrid rests on the heat sink pedestal, the top of the hybrid should be flush with the top of the circuit board.

c.

Place the plastic frame with elastomer installed over hybrid such that key (pointed tab) align with
the corner arrow on the circuit board.

d.

Insert mounting hardware and apply two inch-pounds of torque (2.3 cm-kg) to secure connector assembly. Do not overtighten. To do so will strip the microcircuit stiffener/heat sink mounting threads.

Figure 3-3 (cant). Hypcon assembly removal and replacement.

Maintcnancc- llA32 Service Reference

3-u

EPROM IC

Do not mnow the label afied to the top of EPROMs. Removing


this label will allow light into the chip, and mny catrs~pat?ial mxttre
of irr dm
The EPROM IC is mounted on top of the Processor on the Al Main board. (Refer
to Fig. 3-l for the localion of this IC.)

Remove the EPROM IC as follows:


1. Use Insertion-Extraction Pliers (such as General Tools Part Number
W505BG, a 28-pin type) to remove the IC. An illustration of the pliers is
shown in Figure 3-4.
2 . Position the pliers around the outside of the IC. Squeeze the handles to
the IC and slowly pull it from the socket.

Avoid tonching the KC pim or socket contacts with yoarfinges.


ger oils coti lessen contact reliability.

g&p

Fin-

Install the EPROM IC as follows:


1. Grasp the IC with the Insertion-Extraction Pliers. Check that all the
are straight and evenly spaced.

IC pins

2 . Do not use the IC label as an index. Look for Ihe index on the IC body. Align
the index slot with that of the AlU700 Processor IC underneath it. (Fig. 3-2
gives an illustration of this indexing.)
3 . Align the pins with their rcspcctive socket contacts and slowly seat the IC.

3-12

Maintenance-

llA32 Service Reference

Corrective Maintcnancc

Processor IC
The Pro~cssor IC (AlU700) is located on the Al Main board. Refer to Figure 3-I
for its location. The EPROM IC is mounted on top of lhe Processor JC.

Remove the Processor IC as follows:

1.

Remove the EPROM JC. Follow the removal instruclions given in Ihe prcocdiny pan of this section.

2.

UK: Insertion-Extraction Pliers (such as General Tools Part Number


USOSBG, a Z-pin type) to remove the Processor IC.

3.

Position the pliers around the outside of the IC. Squeeze the handles to grasp
the IC and slowly pull it from the sockcl.

Install the Processor IC as follows:

I.

Grasp the rrplacemcnt IC with the Insertion-Extraction Pliers. Check that all
its pins are straight and evenly spaced.

2.

Align the index ~101 on the IC with the corresponding index on its socket

3.

Align lhe XC pins with their respective socket contacts. Push down slowly and
evenly on the IC to seat it.

4.

Rcplacc the EPROM IC on top of the Processor IC. Follow the EPROM rc.
placement instructions given in the preceding part of this section.

X.

Reinstall the jumper 5611 to its vertical posilion on the Al Main board

Maintenance- 1 IA32 Servict: Reference

3-w

Figure 3-4. IC Insertion-Extraction Pliers.

3-14

Maintenance-llA32 Sctvice Reference

Circuit Board and Attenuator FRU Removal


How to Remove the Front Panel
I.

Unhook lhe relur spring from the ~CIE~SC bar, ad se1 il aside.

2.

Use B Torx T-8 screwdriver to cemwc the four zcrcws lhal fasten the front
subpanel to the top and bottom frames.

.3

Pull the rclcasc bar as far out of lhe instrument as it will come, und leave it i
[hat position.

4.

Insert a slender, sharp-pointed tool. such as a scribe, between the fro1 pacl
and the subpanel at the notch around the release bar. Gently separate Ihc
front panel from lhc subpanel. Use care to prevent bending the fro1 panel.

How to Install the Front Panel


1.

Check that the four screws that fasten the front subpancl lo the top and bottom
frames are removed.

2 .Check
3 .Set

that the release bar return spring is runovcd.

lhe plug-in on its side with the front

panel facing you.

4.

Pull the rclcaze har as faroul of lhe instrument as it will come, and leave il itl
lhal position.

5.

Position the front panel so that the notch in lhe hollom fits over the rcIciw
bar, then carefully inserl lhe four front-panel tabs into the slots i lhc fro1
subpanel. (You may need to pull the top and botlom frames away from lhe
subpanel to allow the front-panel tabs to fit helwcen lhe casting and lhc
frames.)

6.

Gently snap the edges of the front panel into place


ton and the outer edges of the panel.

7.

USC a Torx T-S screwdriver lo inslall the four screws that fastc Ihc fro1 subpanel to the top and holtom frames.

8.

Install lhe release bar return spring. Orient the spring so lhal ils loop fits ovcr
the frame hook com;ctly (flat against the frame section).

around the input concc-

How to Remove and Install an AZ Front-Panel Board


1.

Remove the front panel as outlined in How to Remove the Front Panel.

2.

Unplug the conneclor that provides electrical connection to lhe Al Main


board.

.3

Use a Torx T-6 scrcwdrivcr to EXOYCIhe two screws that fasten thL: A2
Front-Panel board to the front subpanel, and remove the A2 Front-Panel
hoard.

4.

To replace a A2 Front-Panel board, follow the preceding steps in rc~~r.w order.

Maintenance- I IA32 Service Rcfcrence

3-15

Correck Maintcnancc

How to Remove an Attenuator


The CH 1 and CH 2 Attenuators are identical.
1.

Remove lhe front panel as outlined in How to Remove

2.

Unplug Ihe cahlc that connects the attenuaror to the Al Main board.

3.

Use a Tot% T-S screwdriver to remove the two screws from the component side
of the Al Main board that Casren the subject attenuator (refer to Fig. 3-S).

4 . Set the plug-in on its side with the attenuator bodies

the Front Panel.

up,

5.

USC a Ton: T-6 screwdriver to remove the four screws thar Fasted the front of
the attenuator to the front subpanel.

6.

Lift up the rear end of the attenuator about l/4-inch from the board then carefully withdraw the attenuator from the instrument.

7.

Note that the two metal-an-elastomer (MOE) strips are sitting free in the
MOE holder.

How to Install an Attenuator


1.

Set the plug-in on its side with the pushbuttons down.

2.

Put a metal-on-elastomer (MOE) strip holder on the Main board in the


propriak location (refer to Fig. 3-5).

3.

Put the two MOE suips in the holder. The exposed elastomer side of each
strip should face the center of the holder.

4.

Insert the BNC end of the attenuaror through the hole in the front subpanel,
then let it rest on the Al Main board.

ap

5 . While holding the attenuator against the MOE assembly, turn the plug-in so
that you can install the two screws thar fasten the attenuator to the Al Main
board. These screws require a Totx T-8 screwdriver; do not tighten them yet.
6.

Use a Tom T-6 screwdriver to install the four screws that fasten the attenuator
to the front subpanel.

I.

If oresentlv insralled. remove the four screws that fasten the top and bottom
f&es to ihe front kbpanel.

8.

Install the front panel as outlined in How to Install the Front Panel.

9,

Tighten the screws you installed in step 5.

10.

Reauach the cable that connects the auenuaror to the Al Main board. Figure
3-l shows Ihe proper connection of the attenuator cables and the reCeptaCleS.

Maintenance- 11.432 Service Refenncc:

Corrcctivc Maintcnancc

SINGLE CHANNEL SHOWN

ATTENUATOR

MOE STRIPS (2)

MOE HOLDER

CIRCUIT

ROAR0

Figure 3-5. Locatlon of screws and parts for removal of an attenuator.

How

Mh~~~nance-

to

Remove the

Al Main

Board

I.

Unplug the connector(s) from the Front-Panel board(s) at the AL Main board.

2.

USC a Torx T-8 screwdriver to remove the screws attaching Ihc altcnwtors lo
the Al Main board.

3.

Unplug the cables that connect the attenuators to the Al Main board.

4.

Unhook the retrn spring from the release bar.

.5

Use a ToreX screwdriver to remove the four screws that fasten lhe front panel
to the top and bottom frames.

-5.

Remove the front panel and attenuators.

1 lA32 Scrvicc Rcfcrence

3-17

Corrective Mainrenancc
I.

Remove the metal-on-elastomer

8.

Use a Torx T-15 screwdriver to remove the scrws that attach the heat sink
bracket to the Al Main board.

9.

Use a Torx T-IO scrcwdtiver to remove the five scrws and nut blocks that secure the Al Main board to the top and bottom frameas. Figures 3-1. and 3-6
show the nut blocks. USC a screwdriver wilh a narrow shaft because the wews
have wiy little offset from the top and bottom frames.

(MOE) strips and holders,

10.

Use a Tom T-15 screwdriver to remove the four screws that fasten the plastic
rear panel to the top and botlom frames.

1 I.

Carefully withdraw the Al Main board from between the frames

12.

Remove the rear panel from the Al Main board.

How to Install the Al Main Board


1. Align the notches in the rear panel with the notches in the top and bottom
frames. Reattach the rear panel to the replacement Al Main board.
2.

Carefully insert the Al Main board between the frames until the plastic rear
panel contacts the top and bottom frames. The board fils on the top of the
center ridges of the top and bottom frames.

3.

Use a Tom T-15 screwdriver to start the four screws that fasten the rear panel
to the top and bottom frames.

4.

Use a Tom T-10 screwdriver to start the five screws and nut blocks that clamp
the Al Main board to the top and bottom frames.

TOP OF
PLUG-IN

Flgure

3-B

3-6. Locatkm of a nut block securing the circuit board to the frame sectIOn.

Maintenance- 12A32 Service Reference


!

5.

Use a Torx T-1,5 scrcwdtiver to start the screws fastening Ihe heat sink bracket
to the Al Main board.

h.

Tighten the screws that you installed in steps 3, 4, and 5.

I.

Replacc the MOE holders on the bottom of the Al Mother board and pul
MOE slrips i the holders as shown in Figure 3-5.

8.

Slide the front panel and attenuator assembly into position, being careful no1 lo
dislodge the MOE strips or holders.

9.

Hold the attenuators against the MOE strips and start all of the wws which
attach the attenuators to the Al Main board.

10.

Use a Ton: T-8 screwdriver to install the four ZGWVS that fasten the front
panel lo lhe top and bottom frames.

11.

Use a Torx T-8 scrwdriver to tighten the screws installed in step 9.

12.

Connecl lhc cable(s) from the A2 Front-Panel board to the rcceptaclc(s) on


the Al Main board.

13.

Install the rrleasc bar return spring. Orient the spring so that its loop fits over
the frame hook correctly (flat against the frame section).

14.

If the Al Main board has been replaced, the the Unit Identification (UID)
umber needs to be re-entcrcd. Refer to instructions in the Programming
The Unit Identification scctio, which follows.

Maintenance- IlA32 Service Reference

3-19

Corrcotivo Maintenance

Programming The Unit Identification


The Unit Identification (UID) is identical to the instruments serial number and is
stored in NV RAM. It is necessary to enter this number if the Al Main board is
replaced or if data in NV RAM becomes corrupted. If confirmation only of the UID
is needed, then u5c: the following procedure except skip step 4.

To enter the UID, use this procedure:


1.

Connect a Terminal to the mainframes RS-232-C port. (Refer to the mainframe Users Reference Manual for instructions on setting up the RS-232-C
parameters.)

2 . Inside thL: plug-in, move the jumper 5611 (shown in Fig. 3-1) on the Al Main
board. The jumper should be vertical in its normal position. Remove the
jumper and install it horizontally.
3 . Install the plug-in into any compartment. Turn the power on. Wait until the
Diagnostics checks arc completed.
4 . At the Terminal, type the command:
UID [Left ICcnterIRight]:<
.

Serial Number>

Left 1Center 1Right refers to the name of the compartment.

5 . At the Terminal, type the command:


UID? [Left 1Center 1Right]
6.

Set the ON/STANDBY switch to STANDBY.

7 . Remove the plug-in.


8 . Reinstall the jumper 5611 to its vertical position on the Al Main board.

3-20

Maintenance- 1 lA32 Service Reference

Multi-Pin Connectors
Pin I OII a multi-pin connector is designated with a triangle (or arrowhcad) on the
holder. A syuarc pad on the circuit board denotes pin 1. When a connection is
made to a circuit board, the indexing of the triangle on the multi-pin holder is detcrmined by the square pad.
The multi-pin. connector is keyed by a gap between pins 1 and 3 in the holder. (A
small plastic plug COVE. the pin 2 position on the end of the holder.) There is a COTresponding gap bolwccn pins 1 and 3 on the circuit board as shown in Figure 3-7.
The female connector is illustrated by this view. (The male connector also has a
similar pin arrangement, but it is not shown.)
Align the holder plug with the gap between the circuit board pins. Thc conncctnr is
then ready to be installed.

Figure 3-7. Indexing of multi-pln connectors.

Maintenance- I IA32 Service Refcru~e

3-21

Troubleshooting
Diagnostic Troubleshooting
This section provides the information necessary lo troubleshoot a faulty instrument
to the Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) level. FRUs are circuit boards, attenuator
modules, and integrated circuits or hybrids that are replaceable without soldering.
The primary means for troubleshooting is lo use the error index code output from
the Diagnostics or Self-Tests and cross-reference them to the suspect FRU(s) in the
FRU Guide tables. After an FRU is &placed, some recalibration of the instrument
is normally required (this is discussed further below).

Diagnostics Overview
The processor runs a set of Kernel Tests prior to the S&Tests. If this is successful,
then the Self-Tests run to verify the functionality of each of the subsystems. Any
failure causes the instrument to enter Extended Diagnostics and to display the error
index code(s) in a diagnostic menu. Extended Diagnostics tests are a superset of the
Self-Tests.
The Kernel Tests and Self-TestsiExtcnded Diagnostics produce and format error
index codes differently, so they are covered separately.
Some of these tests that may indicate faulty FRUs are not run automalically during
the Sclf-Tests (that is, some errors codes are only generated by manually selecting
tcsls).
The next two subsections provide a quick oietview of Kernel Tests and Extended
Diagnostics.

Kernel Diagnostics

Each time the front-panel ON/STANDBY switch is set to ON, the mainframe and
plug-ins perform Kernel Tests on their microprocessor subsystems and Self-Test
Diagnostics on all of their major circuits.

After the plug-in is powered-up and the MPU has reset, the plug-in begins a sequence of test routines to determine if its kernel systems are operating properly. If
any of these tests fails, then it is unlikely that the plug-in can communicate failure
information to the mainframe. The flashing of a fault code on the front panel CH 1
anti CH 2 LEDs indicates a particular failure. This fault code indicates which Kernel
Test is failing.
The following description explains how to read the fault code:

3-22

Maintenance - 1 IA32 Service Reference

If the plug-in Kernel Tests dctcct a faull, then the CH 2 LED is flashed eight
times to display a fault code. Each time the CH 2 LED turns on, count Chc
occ~~rrences. If the CH 1 LED is lit during a qcle uf the CH 2 LED, then the
Tess corwsponding to the current count accumulated is the one which f*ilcd.
Refer to the riming diagram in Figure 3-8 for an cxamplc LED fault code.
The timing diagram illustrates a test number 2 failure.

CH2

LEO OFFON

l-l l-l n n l-l J-l l-l i-l

ON
CHl LED

OFF

Figure 3-8. Sample LED fault code timing diagram.


The Kernel Tests are:
1. ROM Checksum Test
2. Non-volatile RAM T~SI
3. Howkeeper

IC Test

1.

The ROM Checksum Test computes a checksum of the conrenl of the firmware ROM. This calculaled checksum is then compared with a checksum
stored in the ROM. If the checksums do not malch, the test fails, and fault
code 1 is reported. Afler the fault code is reported by Ilashing the front-paw1
LEDs, the plug-in attempts to begin normal operation, hul it is unlikely that
Ihe instrumenl can function properly with a had ROM Checksum.

2.

The non-volatile RAM (NV RAM) Test verifies that the NV RA,M is functions
ing properly. Since lhe NV RAM contains calibration information which muS1
remain undamaged, this test dots not alter crilical data. If Ihc tcsting algorilhm detects a failure, then Ihe plug-in reports B fault code of 2, und ncpcatedly loops Ihe NV RAM Test. The instrument continues looping the NV
RAM Tess until the power is removed. Until the condition causing thz NV
RAM Test to fail is corrected, the mainframe does not recogniw the plug-in.
The NV RAM Test could comrpt calibration data stored in Ihe NV RAM if
the power is cycled or removed during this test. If corruption occurs, then the
Calconstant Checksum is corrupted as well. Futthcmmre, at the next poww
up, the plug-in resets the calibration constants to default ROM settings and
reports a plug-in calconstant checksum error during mainframe-invoked,
Power-up Wiagnostics. After the mainframe/plug-in system is run through an
Enhanced Accuracy cycle, the plug-in is once again pcopzrly calibrated.

Maintenance- llAR2 Service Reference

3-23

Troublcshootiny
3 . The Housekeeper IC Test verifies lhe functionality OC the Housekeeper IC.
The Housekeeper IC performs many housekeeping chores of the amplifier,
including channel sequencing, refreshing the analog control voltage system,
latching amplifier step gain settings, and the communications with the mainframe. This test exercises lhis IC and records lhe ICs reactions using an algorithm similar to the algorithm that signature analysis uses. If the resulting signature of the Housekeeper IC does not match a known good signature, then
the test fails and reports a fault code of 3. Also, the test is executed repeatedly
if it fails. The instrument continues looping the Housekeeper IC Test until
power is removed. Until the condition causing the Housekeeper IC Test to fail
iscorrected, the mainframe does not recognize the plug-in.
After all power-on Kernel Tests have completed and successfully passed, the
plug-in initializes its settings and communicates with the mainframe.

Self-Test/
Extended
Diagnostics

First, the plug-in must successfully power-up, initialize its settings, and establish
communication with the mainframe. Then, the mainframe requests that the plug-in
execute its Self-Test routines (unless the mainframes Self-Tests are disabled, in
which case all the Self-Tests are ignored). Return lo normal operation or entry into
the New Configuration calibration, as discussed below, indicates successful completion of Self-Tesl Diagnostics. Any failures cause the instrument to display the Extended Diagnostics menu. Record the displayed error codes for the failed circuit
block(s). You may have to step through several pages of the menu Uisplay to find all
the failure codes.
The format of the error index codes is based on the Extended Diagnostics menu
structure. The Extended Diagnostics menus are in a three level hierarchy with the
Block menu at the highest level. Each plug-in is one Block. A Black is broken into
a number of parts or circuit areas in the Area menu, the second level. Touching Ihe
Area label at the bottom of the menu displays the Area menu for the selected Block.
Each circuit Area has a Routine menu, the third level, associated with it that has one
or more selectable Routines. Routines are the smallest test units that are selectable
and tunable. This Block, Area, and Routine menu hierarchy generates the error
index codes.
Emended Diagnostics error index codes are five digit codes whose first character indicates the subsystem or plug-in unil tested. The lasl four digits are hexadecimal
(hex) numbers that indicate the Block, Area, Routine and specific failure mode. For
example, R1241 is decoded as follows:
R

Right Plug-in

Block name - plug-in

Area name - Group I

Routine name i Checksum Probe

Failure Identity - specific failure mode

The subsystem character of an error index code is one of the following, and indicates
the compartment in which the plug-in is installed. In the tables in this section, only
the four digit failure code is listed; the prefix L, C, or R is omitted.

3-24

-Left

-CetW

-Right

Maintewnce- DA32 Service Reference

Trouhlcshootinp
Front-panel timtroh ztre active dutiny the Self-Test scqucnce and any disturbance
CIlUSCS a tes1 failure.
Self-Test Diagnostics test the following:
Attenuator relay driver
Probe coding
Calibration constant checksums
Calibration constant values
AID and D/A converters
Probe power fuses
Signal path

Using the Self


Tests/Extended
Diagnostics

After all Extended Diagnostic/Self-Tents have run, any resultant error index codes
appear
on the display
..
. . next to the associated circuit block names in the Extended Diagnostics menu. Each circuit block that had a failure gives the first error encountered and the number of failures in the Block. Sclcct the label of a failed Block then
select the Area lahcl to get a tnox complete list of the error index codes in a Block.
Selecting the Routine label shows the lowest level test routines in the selected Arcn.
The currently selected Block, Area, and Routine are shown. Several operating mod
selectors are available on the screen. When certain test routines arc selected, some
of these operating modes are unsclectable.
Refer to the mainframe Users Reference manual for information on Extcndcd Diagnostics or Extended Test menus and operation.

New Configuration Calibration


When a plug-in unit is first installed in a mainframe or when one is moved to tt different compartment in the mainframe, the instrument is in a now configuration
mode. After the instrument runs the Power-Up Diagnostics, it rocalihrates itself for
the new confiyurntion. Duriny this calibration, lhc message Powerup new configuration partial calibratiort occurlng appears. If the calibration is successful
(as indicated by a message), the insttumcnt enters the normal operaling mode.

Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) Guide


This section corrclatcs error index codes resulting from Diagnostic lesls with the hybrid, integrated circuit (IC), module, or hoard FRU(s) suspected of causing each
error. The FRU(s) in each category are listed in most-to-least probable cause order
(nssuminp only one error is indicated). If any diagnostic errors occur, inspect the
suspect FRU for loose connections and components. Repeat the Diagnostic test. If
any diagnostic errors occur again. replace the suspect FRU(s) with a known good
FRU(s). Verify that the new FRU is a correct replacement for the old FRU. If the
old FRU contains firmware, then verify that the new firmware version is either the
same version as, or an upgraded version of, the old fitrnware version.

Maintenance- I IA32 Setvice Reference

3-25

Troubleshooting

Abbreviations of FRU Names


All boards are listed here with the abbreviation used in the FRW tables below:
Abbreviation

Name

Designntor

Main
Front

Main board
Front Panel board

Al
A2

Abbreviations of Component and Module Names


All active components and modules are listed here with the abbreviation used in Ihe
FRU tables below.
Abbreviation
MPU
EPROM
HK
Attl
At12
Amp1
Amp2

1Name

Designator

Processor
Firmware
Housekeeper
Attenuator, channel 1
Attenuator, channel 2
Amplifier, channel 1
Amplifier, channel 2

AlU700
on AlU700
AlU600
AlU310
AlU410

Error Index Codes


This table lists the error codes possible in the Kernel Tests.
Error Code

Suspect Module, Hybrid,


or IC FRU(s)
EPROM, MPU

3-26

HK, MPU

Suspect Board
FRU(s)
Main
Main
1Main

Maintenance - IL432 Service Reference

This table lists the error messaycs possible in the Self-Tests and Extcndcd Dingnos~
tics.
Error Index

Suspect Module,
Hybrid, or IC FRU(s)
Att

Att
HK
Amp, HK
Att, Amp, HK

I-

Suspecl Board
FRU(S)
Mill
Main
Main
Main
Main
MCI
Main
Main
Main

Interconnections are not listed but should he considered as possible problem


MTiXS.
This table lists the error messagcs resulting from Enhanced Accuracy. Enhanced
Accuracy is available after the system has a 20-minute warmup period.

Test

Suspect Hybrid/
xc FRU(S)

Suspect Board
FRU($)

-1411
-1421
-1431
-1441
-1451
-1461
-1471
-1481
-1491
-14Al

At11
Attl
Amp1
Amp1
Attl, Amp1
Amp1
Attl, Amp1
Amp1
Amp:1
Amp1

Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main

-1511
-1521
-1531
-1541
-1551
-1561
-1571
-1581
-1591
-ISA1

AU2
At12
Amp2
Amp2
Att2, Amp2
Amp2
Att2, Amp2
Amp2
Amp2
Amp:!

Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main

Maintenance - 1 lA32 Service Reference

3-27

Section 4
Theory of Operation
This section describes and illuslra~es (refer to Fig. 4-l) the plug-in block diagram;
including signal flow and control flow. This section also discusses the power supplies
for the plug-in,

Block Diagram Description


Signal Flow

The CH 1 and CH 2 Amplifier circuits are identical, therefore this section dcscrihcs
only the CH 1 Amplifier.
The display of a signal begins with the inputting of a signal directly to lhc CH I input
connector (perhaps with a probe) and proceeds as follows:
CH 1 input connector -+ CH 1 Attenuator -+
-t CH 1 Aux Signal
CH I Amplifier + CH 1 Triger Signal
+ CH I Display Signal
The input coupling mode is either AC, DC, or Off. In the AC and DC coupling
modes, the input signal is coupled to the Attenuator. In the Off Coupling mode, the
signal path is open.
During self-calibration, the mainframe supplies the signal to the CH 1 Atlcnualor.

a
I
I

The CH I Attrnualor contains resistive dividers, capacitive dividers, an ac coupling


capacitor, relays, and a buffer amplifier. The CH 1 Amplific:r .oroviJcs ywin switching and bandwidth limit filters.
The plug-in contains a microprocessor (MPU) that communicates with lhe mainframe. The MPU also constantly monitors the input Overload Sense and the Probe
Data communication lines. The operation of the MPU is through the internally
stored program in its read only memory (ROM). The MPU stows the plug-in calibration constants in random access memory (RAM). A battery backs- -u!J
. mem*P(;
Ihcrcforu the intcmal calibration constants arc not lost upon power-down. Also,.
when powering-down, the mainframe stores the oscilloscopes settings. When the
system ro-powers, the mainframe restores and transmits those settings lo the plugin.
The MPU communicates with the mainframe through a peripheral IC called the
Housekeeper. The Housekeeper converts the S-bit data hyres from the MPU into a
serial data signal. This signal is sent to the mainframe. Conversely, the Housekccpcr converts the serial data signal from the mainframe into g-bit data bylcs for
the processor to read. The MPU stores the channel switching sequence in the
Houwkreper. The Housekcqw al5o updalcs the analog control voltages.
The MPU uses an analog-to-digital (A/D) oonvctter to read the value of the Overload Sense and Probe Data lines. The AID converter is also used in the Self-Tests.

Theory of Operation- 1 IA32 Scwicc Rcfcrence

4-x

Calibration Reference Voltage


CH 1 Aux Signal
Trigger Signal
Display Signal

+
--)
lb+
Probe
Offset

CH 2 Aux Signal
CH2
Amplifier

Variable Gain, Offset

Overload Sense, Probe Data

h-

3andwidth

Main:rame

AD, D/A
Conversion

Control,

L-r

EPROM

c_JMPU

r
H ousekeeper

Channel Switch Sequence

Al Main Board

Figure 4-1. 1 IA32 Two-Channel Ampllfler.

Thcoty of Operatiorl - llA32 Service Reference

channel. The mainf&ne lhen Iells IhE plug-in what action to take (for cxrmplc,
display Ihe sdec~ed channel and turn on that channels respective front-panel LED).

Control Flow

Under the control of the mainframes channel swilch sequencing signals, rhc Housckeeper sequentially turns a channel on or off. The MPU and Housckucpcr contrid
the swings of the amplifier and the attenuator.

Power

The mainframe supplies 811 the power 10 lhe plug-in.

Theory of Operation - llA32 Scrvicc Reference

Section 5

REPLACEABLE PARTS

ABBREVIATIONS

?eplaceable

Parts llA32

CROSS INDEX - MFR. CODE NUMBER TO MANUFACTURER


Mr.
code
01536
06383

22599
mom
83385
91260
1K1326
TK1918

Hantiactumr
TEXTRON INC
CAMCAR 01"
SEMS PRODUCTS "NIT
PANOUlT COUP
MERACE WRP ESNA D,V
TEKTRONIX INC
MICROCOT FU\NUFACTu?(ING INC
GREER-CENTR4L 01~
CONNOR SPRING AND MFG CO
NORThWEST FOL!?SLIOE INC
SHIN-ETSU POLYMER PMEAICA INC

AdheSS

City. State.
FDCKFMlD

1818 CHRISTINA ST
17301 RIffiElAND
15201 BURBANK BLYD SUITE C

4903s w GRIFFITH OR
P 0 BOX 500
3221 W BIG DEAVER

1729 JUNCTION AVE


5858 WILLOW LANE
,181 NMlTH 47, ST

RD

Zirr code

IL 61108

TINLEY PARK IL 60477


VAN NWS CA 91411
BEAVERTON OR 97077
TROY M1 48098
SAN JOSE CA 95112
LAKI OSWEGO OR 97034
SAN JOSE CA 95112

Replaceable Parts - llA32

OPTIMJAL ACCESSORIES
070-6782-K

WWAL,TECH:SERVICE

REF.llA32

6Wo9

070-6782-00