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IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed

Low-Voltage Power Circuit Breaker


Switchgear
Amendment 2: Additional Requirements
for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in
DC Traction Power Switchgear

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IEEE Power Engineering Society


Sponsored by the
Switchgear Committee

IEEE
3 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10016-5997, USA

IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006


(Amendment to
IEEE Std C37.20.1-2002)

20 April 2007

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IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006 (R2007)


(Amendment to IEEE Std C37.20.1-2002)

IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed


Low-Voltage Power Circuit Breaker
Switchgear
Amendment 2: Additional Requirements
for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in
DC Traction Power Switchgear

Sponsor

Switchgear Committee
of the
IEEE Power Engineering Society
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Reaffirmed 26 September 2007


Approved 6 December 2006

IEEE-SA Standards Board

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Abstract: This amendment addresses additional requirements of auxiliary power wiring and control
wiring within dc switchgear of traction power substations with rated maximum voltage up to 3200
volts dc. This amendment provides control and power wiring methods for dc traction power
switchgear intended to increase reliability of the operation of the equipment, improve protection,
reduce maintenance cost and initial cost, and improve overall performance of the dc traction power
switchgear.
Keywords: control wiring, dc switchgear, dc traction power switchgear, traction power substation

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5997, USA
Copyright 2007 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
All rights reserved. Published 20 April 2007. Printed in the United States of America.
IEEE is a registered trademark in the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, owned by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Incorporated.
NEC is a registered trademark of the National Fire Protection Association, Inc.
Print:
PDF:

ISBN 0-7381-5327-3 SH95619


ISBN 0-7381-5328-1 SS95619

No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior
written permission of the publisher.

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IEEE Standards documents are developed within the IEEE Societies and the Standards Coordinating Committees of the
IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board. The IEEE develops its standards through a consensus
development process, approved by the American National Standards Institute, which brings together volunteers
representing varied viewpoints and interests to achieve the final product. Volunteers are not necessarily members of the
Institute and serve without compensation. While the IEEE administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness
in the consensus development process, the IEEE does not independently evaluate, test, or verify the accuracy of any of the
information contained in its standards.
Use of an IEEE Standard is wholly voluntary. The IEEE disclaims liability for any personal injury, property or other
damage, of any nature whatsoever, whether special, indirect, consequential, or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting
from the publication, use of, or reliance upon this, or any other IEEE Standard document.
The IEEE does not warrant or represent the accuracy or content of the material contained herein, and expressly disclaims
any express or implied warranty, including any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a specific purpose, or that
the use of the material contained herein is free from patent infringement. IEEE Standards documents are supplied AS IS.
The existence of an IEEE Standard does not imply that there are no other ways to produce, test, measure, purchase, market,
or provide other goods and services related to the scope of the IEEE Standard. Furthermore, the viewpoint expressed at the
time a standard is approved and issued is subject to change brought about through developments in the state of the art and
comments received from users of the standard. Every IEEE Standard is subjected to review at least every five years for
revision or reaffirmation. When a document is more than five years old and has not been reaffirmed, it is reasonable to
conclude that its contents, although still of some value, do not wholly reflect the present state of the art. Users are cautioned
to check to determine that they have the latest edition of any IEEE Standard.
In publishing and making this document available, the IEEE is not suggesting or rendering professional or other services
for, or on behalf of, any person or entity. Nor is the IEEE undertaking to perform any duty owed by any other person or
entity to another. Any person utilizing this, and any other IEEE Standards document, should rely upon the advice of a
competent professional in determining the exercise of reasonable care in any given circumstances.
Interpretations: Occasionally questions may arise regarding the meaning of portions of standards as they relate to specific
applications. When the need for interpretations is brought to the attention of IEEE, the Institute will initiate action to prepare
appropriate responses. Since IEEE Standards represent a consensus of concerned interests, it is important to ensure that any
interpretation has also received the concurrence of a balance of interests. For this reason, IEEE and the members of its
societies and Standards Coordinating Committees are not able to provide an instant response to interpretation requests except
in those cases where the matter has previously received formal consideration. At lectures, symposia, seminars, or educational
courses, an individual presenting information on IEEE standards shall make it clear that his or her views should be considered
the personal views of that individual rather than the formal position, explanation, or interpretation of the IEEE.
Comments for revision of IEEE Standards are welcome from any interested party, regardless of membership affiliation with
IEEE. Suggestions for changes in documents should be in the form of a proposed change of text, together with appropriate
supporting comments. Comments on standards and requests for interpretations should be addressed to:
Secretary, IEEE-SA Standards Board
445 Hoes Lane
Piscataway, NJ 08854
USA
Authorization to photocopy portions of any individual standard for internal or personal use is granted by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., provided that the appropriate fee is paid to Copyright Clearance Center. To
arrange for payment of licensing fee, please contact Copyright Clearance Center, Customer Service, 222 Rosewood Drive,
Danvers, MA 01923 USA; +1 978 750 8400. Permission to photocopy portions of any individual standard for educational
classroom use can also be obtained through the Copyright Clearance Center.

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Introduction
This introduction is not part of IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006, IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage Power
Circuit Breaker SwichgearAmendment 2: Additional Requirements for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in
DC Traction Power Switchgear.

Notice to users
Errata
Errata, if any, for this and all other standards can be accessed at the following URL: http://
standards.ieee.org/reading/ieee/updates/errata/index.html. Users are encouraged to check this URL for
errata periodically.

Interpretations
Current interpretations can be accessed at the following URL: http://standards.ieee.org/reading/ieee/interp/
index.html.

Patents
Attention is called to the possibility that implementation of this standard may require use of subject matter
covered by patent rights. By publication of this standard, no position is taken with respect to the existence or
validity of any patent rights in connection therewith. The IEEE shall not be responsible for identifying patents
or patent applications for which a license may be required to implement an IEEE standard or for conducting
inquiries into the legal validity or scope of those patents that are brought to its attention.

iv
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Not for Resale

Participants
At the time this amendment was completed, the Switchgear Assemblies subcommittee of the Switchgear
Committee had the following membership:

Ted A. Burse, Chair


T.W. Olsen, Vice-Chair

Ted P. Bandy
David J. Dunne
David E. Groves

Nancy M. Gunderson
Deepak Mazumdar
Charles A. Morse
George R. Nourse

Gus Orphanidis
Nick Rassias
Charles Ross

The following members of the individual balloting committee voted on this amendment. Balloters may have
voted for approval, disapproval, or abstention.
William J. Ackerman
Steven Bezner
Wallace B. Binder, Jr.
Ted A. Burse
Eldridge R. Byron
Suresh Channarasappa
Tommy P. Cooper
Gary L. Donner
Donald G. Dunn
Gary Engmann
Keith Flowers
Kenneth E. Gettman
Randall C. Groves

Nancy M. Gunderson
Jose A. Jarque
James H. Jones
Harry W. Josten
Joseph L. Koepfinger
Jim Kulchisky
Albert Livshitz
Frank W. Mayle
Gary L. Michel
Georges F.Montillet
Charles A. Morsech
Jerry R. Murphy

v
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Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved.


Not for Resale

Michael S. Newman
George R. Nourse
T. W. Olsen
Miklos J. Orosz
Lorraine K. Padden
Bartien Sayogo
James E. Smith
S. H. Telander
Dennis R. Thonsgard
Waldemar G. Von Miller
Michael W. Wactor
James W. Wilson
James L. Wiseman
Ahmed F. Zobaa

When the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved this guide on 6 December 2006, it had the following
membership:
Steve M. Mills, Chair
Richard H. Hulett, Vice Chair
Don Wright, Past Chair
Judith Gorman, Secretary
Mark D. Bowman
Dennis B. Brophy
William R. Goldbach
Arnold M. Greenspan
Robert M. Grow
Joanna N. Guenin
Julian Forster*
Mark S. Halpin
Kenneth S. Hanus

William B. Hopf
Joseph L. Koepfinger*
David J. Law
Daleep C. Mohla
T. W. Olsen
Glenn Parsons
Ronald C. Petersen
Tom A. Prevost

Greg Ratta
Robby Robson
Anne-Marie Sahazizian
Virginia C. Sulzberger
Malcolm V. Thaden
Richard L. Townsend
Walter Weigel
Howad L. Wolfman

*Member Emeritus

Also included are the following nonvoting IEEE-SA Standards Board liaisons:
Satish K. Aggarwal, NRC Representative
Richard DeBlasio, DOE Representative
Alan H. Cookson, NIST Representative
Michelle D. Turner
IEEE Standards Program Manager, Document Development
Matthew J. Ceglia
IEEE Standards Program Manager, Technical Program Development

vi
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Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


Provided by IHS under license with IEEE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved.


Not for Resale

IEEE Standards documents are developed within the IEEE Societies and the Standards Coordinating Committees of the
IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board. The IEEE develops its standards through a consensus
development process, approved by the American National Standards Institute, which brings together volunteers
representing varied viewpoints and interests to achieve the final product. Volunteers are not necessarily members of the
Institute and serve without compensation. While the IEEE administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness
in the consensus development process, the IEEE does not independently evaluate, test, or verify the accuracy of any of the
information contained in its standards.

The IEEE does not warrant or represent the accuracy or content of the material contained herein, and expressly disclaims
any express or implied warranty, including any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a specific purpose, or that
the use of the material contained herein is free from patent infringement. IEEE Standards documents are supplied AS IS.
The existence of an IEEE Standard does not imply that there are no other ways to produce, test, measure, purchase, market,
or provide other goods and services related to the scope of the IEEE Standard. Furthermore, the viewpoint expressed at the
time a standard is approved and issued is subject to change brought about through developments in the state of the art and
comments received from users of the standard. Every IEEE Standard is subjected to review at least every five years for
revision or reaffirmation. When a document is more than five years old and has not been reaffirmed, it is reasonable to
conclude that its contents, although still of some value, do not wholly reflect the present state of the art. Users are cautioned
to check to determine that they have the latest edition of any IEEE Standard.
In publishing and making this document available, the IEEE is not suggesting or rendering professional or other services
for, or on behalf of, any person or entity. Nor is the IEEE undertaking to perform any duty owed by any other person or
entity to another. Any person utilizing this, and any other IEEE Standards document, should rely upon the advice of a
competent professional in determining the exercise of reasonable care in any given circumstances.
Interpretations: Occasionally questions may arise regarding the meaning of portions of standards as they relate to specific
applications. When the need for interpretations is brought to the attention of IEEE, the Institute will initiate action to prepare
appropriate responses. Since IEEE Standards represent a consensus of concerned interests, it is important to ensure that any
interpretation has also received the concurrence of a balance of interests. For this reason, IEEE and the members of its
societies and Standards Coordinating Committees are not able to provide an instant response to interpretation requests except
in those cases where the matter has previously received formal consideration. At lectures, symposia, seminars, or educational
courses, an individual presenting information on IEEE standards shall make it clear that his or her views should be considered
the personal views of that individual rather than the formal position, explanation, or interpretation of the IEEE.
Comments for revision of IEEE Standards are welcome from any interested party, regardless of membership affiliation with
IEEE. Suggestions for changes in documents should be in the form of a proposed change of text, together with appropriate
supporting comments. Comments on standards and requests for interpretations should be addressed to:
Secretary, IEEE-SA Standards Board
445 Hoes Lane
Piscataway, NJ 08854
USA
Authorization to photocopy portions of any individual standard for internal or personal use is granted by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., provided that the appropriate fee is paid to Copyright Clearance Center. To
arrange for payment of licensing fee, please contact Copyright Clearance Center, Customer Service, 222 Rosewood Drive,
Danvers, MA 01923 USA; +1 978 750 8400. Permission to photocopy portions of any individual standard for educational
classroom use can also be obtained through the Copyright Clearance Center.

Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


Provided by IHS under license with IEEE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

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Use of an IEEE Standard is wholly voluntary. The IEEE disclaims liability for any personal injury, property or other
damage, of any nature whatsoever, whether special, indirect, consequential, or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting
from the publication, use of, or reliance upon this, or any other IEEE Standard document.

Introduction
This introduction is not part of IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006, IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage Power
Circuit Breaker SwichgearAmendment 2: Additional Requirements for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in
DC Traction Power Switchgear.

Notice to users
Errata
Errata, if any, for this and all other standards can be accessed at the following URL: http://
standards.ieee.org/reading/ieee/updates/errata/index.html. Users are encouraged to check this URL for
errata periodically.

Interpretations
Current interpretations can be accessed at the following URL: http://standards.ieee.org/reading/ieee/interp/
index.html.

Patents
Attention is called to the possibility that implementation of this standard may require use of subject matter
covered by patent rights. By publication of this standard, no position is taken with respect to the existence or
validity of any patent rights in connection therewith. The IEEE shall not be responsible for identifying patents
or patent applications for which a license may be required to implement an IEEE standard or for conducting
inquiries into the legal validity or scope of those patents that are brought to its attention.

--`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

iv
Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved.
Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Provided by IHS under license with IEEE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

Participants
At the time this amendment was completed, the Switchgear Assemblies subcommittee of the Switchgear
Committee had the following membership:

Ted A. Burse, Chair


T.W. Olsen, Vice-Chair

Ted P. Bandy
David J. Dunne
David E. Groves

Nancy M. Gunderson
Deepak Mazumdar
Charles A. Morse
George R. Nourse

Gus Orphanidis
Nick Rassias
Charles Ross

William J. Ackerman
Steven Bezner
Wallace B. Binder, Jr.
Ted A. Burse
Eldridge R. Byron
Suresh Channarasappa
Tommy P. Cooper
Gary L. Donner
Donald G. Dunn
Gary Engmann
Keith Flowers
Kenneth E. Gettman
Randall C. Groves

Nancy M. Gunderson
Jose A. Jarque
James H. Jones
Harry W. Josten
Joseph L. Koepfinger
Jim Kulchisky
Albert Livshitz
Frank W. Mayle
Gary L. Michel
Georges F.Montillet
Charles A. Morsech
Jerry R. Murphy

v
Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved.
Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Provided by IHS under license with IEEE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

Michael S. Newman
George R. Nourse
T. W. Olsen
Miklos J. Orosz
Lorraine K. Padden
Bartien Sayogo
James E. Smith
S. H. Telander
Dennis R. Thonsgard
Waldemar G. Von Miller
Michael W. Wactor
James W. Wilson
James L. Wiseman
Ahmed F. Zobaa

--`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

The following members of the individual balloting committee voted on this amendment. Balloters may have
voted for approval, disapproval, or abstention.

When the IEEE-SA Standards Board approved this guide on 6 December 2006, it had the following
membership:
Steve M. Mills, Chair
Richard H. Hulett, Vice Chair
Don Wright, Past Chair
Judith Gorman, Secretary
Mark D. Bowman
Dennis B. Brophy
William R. Goldbach
Arnold M. Greenspan
Robert M. Grow
Joanna N. Guenin
Julian Forster*
Mark S. Halpin
Kenneth S. Hanus

William B. Hopf
Joseph L. Koepfinger*
David J. Law
Daleep C. Mohla
T. W. Olsen
Glenn Parsons
Ronald C. Petersen
Tom A. Prevost

Greg Ratta
Robby Robson
Anne-Marie Sahazizian
Virginia C. Sulzberger
Malcolm V. Thaden
Richard L. Townsend
Walter Weigel
Howad L. Wolfman

*Member Emeritus

Also included are the following nonvoting IEEE-SA Standards Board liaisons:
Satish K. Aggarwal, NRC Representative
Richard DeBlasio, DOE Representative
Alan H. Cookson, NIST Representative
Michelle D. Turner
IEEE Standards Program Manager, Document Development
Matthew J. Ceglia
IEEE Standards Program Manager, Technical Program Development

--`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


Provided by IHS under license with IEEE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

vi
Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved.
Not for Resale

Contents

2.

Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 2

7.

Construction......................................................................................................................................... 2

8.

Application guide for LV switchgear .................................................................................................. 4


8.7 Associated devices often used in LV switchgear......................................................................... 4
8.10 Grounding of dc traction power systems ..................................................................................... 4

9.

Guide for handling, storage, and installation ....................................................................................... 5


9.2 Handling....................................................................................................................................... 5

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vii
Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved
Not for Resale

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Not for Resale

IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed


Low-Voltage Power Circuit Breaker
Switchgear
Amendment 2: Additional Requirements
for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in
DC Traction Power Switchgear

The editing instructions are shown in bold italic. Four editing instructions are used: change, delete, insert,
and replace. Change is used to make small corrections in existing text or tables. The editing instruction
specifies the location of the change and describes what is being changed by using strikethrough (to remove
old material) and underscore (to add new material). Delete removes existing material. Insert adds new
material without disturbing the existing material. Insertions may require renumbering. If so, renumbering
instructions are given in the editing instruction. Replace is used to make large changes in existing text,
subclauses, tables, or figures by removing existing material and replacing it with new material. Editorial
notes will not be carried over into future editions because the changes will be incorporated into the base
standard.

Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.


Provided by IHS under license with IEEE
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1
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Not for Resale

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NOTEThe editing instructions contained in this amendment define how to merge the material contained herein into
the existing base standard and its amendments to form the comprehensive standard.

IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006


Amendment 2: Additional Requirements for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in DC Traction Power Switchgear

2. Normative references
Insert the following reference alphabetically into Clause 2.
NEMA WC71-1999 / ICEA S-96-659, Standard for Non-Shielded Cables Rated 20015000 Volts for Use
in the Distribution of Electric Energy

7. Construction
7.1.3 Control and secondary circuits and devices, and all wiring
7.1.3.1.2
Insert the following new paragraph at the end of the subclause.
Wire connected directly to the main power circuit of the dc traction power switchgear bus system shall be at
least No. 14 AWG.
7.1.3.1.4
Change the first paragraph as follows:
Wiring shall be rated for 600 V, 90 C, be flame-retardant, and shall meet the requirements of NEMA
WC70-1999 / ICEA S-95-658. Preferred wire is type SIS as listed in NFPA 70-2002 (NEC)1 or an
equivalent such as XHHW, RFHH-2, or the like. Other wires which meet the requirements of this clause are
also acceptable.
Insert new subclauses as follows:
7.1.3.10 Instrument and control circuit connections in LV dc traction power switchgear
7.1.3.10.1 Logic level and low level analog signal wiring in dc traction power switchgear
The grounded shield of a shielded wire, originating outside a dc switchgear assembly that is intentionally
isolated from ground, shall not be introduced to the switchgear.
Shielded wiring originating outside the high-resistance grounded dc switchgear shall be installed and
terminated in accordance with 9.2.6.6.1.

For high-resistance grounded dc switchgear, the voltage isolation for the external wiring and any shield shall
withstand the test voltages shown in Table 2 between the external wiring with shield and the switchgear
enclosure.
1NEC

is a registered trademark of the National Fire Protection Association, Inc.

2
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Shielded wire may be used within a dc switchgear assembly if the shield is connected to the switchgear
enclosure or to a device mounted on the enclosure, and the shield does not run external to the switchgear
assembly.

IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006


Amendment 2: Additional Requirements for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in DC Traction Power Switchgear

7.1.3.10.2 LV dc traction switchgear control circuit wires connected to the main power
circuit
All instrumentation and control circuit directly connected to the main bus shall be provided with short circuit
protection. This includes connections from shunt terminals and the main bus to instruments, meters, and
relays. Voltage and interrupting ratings of the short-circuit protection device shall be equal to or greater than
the ratings of the switchgear. The wire shall not contact metallic enclosure parts prior to the short circuit
protective device. The connection from the main bus to the short circuit protective device shall be kept to a
minimum length and grouped separately from wiring of other components. The short circuit protective
device shall be located in the same vertical section as the connection to the main bus. The short circuit
protective device shall be located in such a manner that normal operation of the device can be accomplished
without contact to the main bus.
Control circuit wire connected directly to the main power circuit of the dc traction power switchgear shall be
of a color different from the color used for other switchgear wiring. Wire connected directly to the main
power circuit of the dc traction power switchgear shall be non-shielded.
7.1.3.10.3 Communications circuits in LV dc traction power switchgear
Fiber optic cables or other voltage isolation devices shall be used for communication circuits from highresistance grounded dc switchgear to external devices or circuits. The voltage isolation of the isolation
devices used for these communication circuits shall withstand the test voltages shown in Table 2 between
the external circuit terminals and the switchgear enclosure.
7.1.3.10.4 Terminal blocks connected to the main circuit of LV dc traction power switchgear
Terminal blocks used in control wiring circuits that are connected to the main circuit of LV dc traction
power switchgear, as installed, shall be rated for the full dc system voltage and shall withstand the test
voltages shown in Table 2 between the terminals and the switchgear structure. If this capability is not
inherent in the terminal block itself, the terminal block shall be mounted on insulating supports to achieve
this capability.
Insert new subclauses as follows:
7.1.3.11 Surge arresters in LV dc traction power switchgear
When dc surge arresters are provided in dc traction switchgear that is intentionally isolated from ground, the
connections to the main bus and ground shall be isolated and restrained. The connections shall be restrained
to prevent the positive conductor or the ground connection from contacting the enclosure under any normal
or abnormal condition of the arrester.

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IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006


Amendment 2: Additional Requirements for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in DC Traction Power Switchgear

8. Application guide for LV switchgear


8.7 Associated devices often used in LV switchgear
8.7.2.2 Surge arresters in switchgear assemblies
Insert the following new paragraph at the end of subclause 8.7.2.2
When dc surge arresters are provided in dc traction switchgear that is intentionally isolated from ground, the
connections to the main bus and ground shall be isolated and restrained. The connections shall be restrained
to prevent the positive conductor or the ground connection from contacting the enclosure under any normal
or abnormal condition of the arrester.
8.7.5 LV dc switchgear enclosure ground/live relays (e.g., for traction applications)
Change the first paragraph as follows:
In dc transit applications, the LV dc switchgear enclosures are may be isolated from the station ground and
operated with a surrounding clearance distance sufficient for operator safety. This is done in order to
minimize the possibility of a dc main bus fault to enclosure. In these instances, the LV dc switchgear
enclosure is maintained at a known reference voltage to ground by use of an enclosure ground/live relay.
Typically, this relay initiates an alarm if the enclosure is accidentally connected directly to station ground.,
and the The relay will remove main bus voltage and trip both local and remote feeder circuit breakers so as
to remove the voltage source in the case the enclosure is accidentally raised to bus potential because of
insulation or component failure.
Change the second paragraph as follows:
Among the system configurations in use are the following:
a)

In a low-resistance grounding scheme, a sensor is connected between the switchgear enclosure and
ground. A relay is connected to the sensor to monitor the condition. enclosure normal, enclosure
grounded and enclosure energized or faulted conditions.

b)

In the high-resistance grounding scheme, a relay is connected directly between the isolated
switchgear enclosure and ground. to monitor enclosure normal, enclosure grounded and enclosure
energized or faulted conditions.

Insert new clause as follows:

8.10 Grounding of dc traction power systems


Transit systems typically operate with the dc traction power supply ungrounded, or insulated from ground.
There is no direct electrical connection between the negative electrical system (negative running rail,
negative cables, and negative bus) and ground. The system is not completely isolated, as there is a finite
resistance between the negative bus and ground, which is determined by the insulation level of the running
rails, the cables and track ballast.
Experience on traction systems with grounded negative conductor indicates that significant arc flash hazard
exists in the event of a failure from the positive conductors to a grounded enclosure. To reduce this risk,
transit systems typically operate with the system ungrounded, and with the switchgear isolated from ground.
Such switchgear typically employs enclosure ground / live relays (see 8.7.5) to detect ground faults.

4
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

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Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved


Not for Resale

IEEE Std C37.20.1b-2006


Amendment 2: Additional Requirements for Control and Auxiliary Power Wiring in DC Traction Power Switchgear

9. Guide for handling, storage, and installation


9.2 Handling
9.2.6 Connections
Insert new subclauses as follows:
9.2.6.6 LV dc traction power switchgear connections
9.2.6.6.1 Logic level and low level analog signal wiring connected to dc traction power
switchgear
The grounded shield of a shielded wire, originating outside a dc switchgear assembly that is intentionally
isolated from ground, shall not be introduced to the switchgear.
Shielded wiring originating outside the high-resistance grounded dc switchgear shall terminate in a nonmetallic splice box located at a minimum distance of 1.5 m (5 ft) from the switchgear.
For high-resistance grounded dc switchgear, the voltage isolation for the external wiring and any shield shall
withstand the test voltages shown in Table 2 between the external wiring with shield and the switchgear
enclosure.
Fiber optic cables or other voltage isolation devices shall be used for communication circuits from highresistance grounded dc switchgear to external devices or circuits. The voltage isolation of the isolation
devices used for these communication circuits shall withstand the test voltages shown in Table 2 between
the external circuit terminals and the switchgear enclosure.
9.2.6.6.2 AC control power
AC control power should not be connected to dc traction power switchgear. However, if ac control power is
necessary (e.g., for space heaters), then ac control power shall be provided to the switchgear through an
isolating transformer located at least 1.5 m (5 ft) from the switchgear, or otherwise isolated from the
switchgear by equivalent insulating barriers or physical isolation. The secondary circuit from the isolating
transformer to the switchgear shall be ungrounded. The isolating transformer shall have insulation adequate
to withstand the dc system voltage, and the ac secondary wires and all termination points within the
switchgear must be insulated to withstand the full system dc voltage, in accordance with the values indicated
in Table 2.
9.2.6.6.3 Ground or negative connections to dc traction power switchgear
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It is preferred that ground or negative wires or conductors not be connected to dc traction power switchgear.
9.2.6.6.4 Positive transit circuit conductors entering dc traction power switchgear
The positive transit cables entering the dc traction power switchgear shall be insulated for the maximum
voltage for their entire length within the switchgear in accordance with the voltages shown in Table 2.

5
Copyright The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Provided by IHS under license with IEEE
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Copyright 2007 IEEE. All rights reserved


Not for Resale