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TESA: MENEJO INTEGRAL DE LA CUENCA VITICHI

ESTIMACION DE CAUDALES MAXIMOS VITICHI


ANALISIS DE CRECIDAS - HIDROGRAMA DE LA CUENCA
METODO DE LA SOIL CONSERVATIN SERVICE

Trabajamos con valores ponderados de las estaciones de Mosoj Llajta.


Moda ponderada
Caracteristica ponderada

Edp = 24.47
Kdp = 0.49

ALTURA DE LLUVIA MAXIMA DIARIA PARA UN DETERMINADO PERIODO DE RETORNO


Ley Gumbell Modificada

hdT = Edp ( 1 + Kdp log T)

Ed = moda ponderada
Kd = caracteristica ponderada
HdT = altura de lluvia maxima diaria para un determinado periodo "T"

Perido de Retorno
"T" (aos)

Altura lluvia maxima


diaria Hd (mm)

10
20
50
100
500
1000

36.44
40.05
44.81
48.42
56.79
60.39

LLUVIAS MAXIMAS CORRESPONDIENTES A DIFERENTES TIEMPOS ( t ) INFERIORES A LAS DIARIAS


PERIODOS DE RETORNO ( T ) EN AOS

Usando la distribucin de mximo valores segn Ley de Gumbel, se obtine las precipitaciones correspondientes a
tiempos inferiores a 24 hrs.
Utilizando la ecuacin que relaciona la moda de los valores mximos diarios, con la moda correspondiente a otros
valores.
b
Et = E d * ( t / t d )
Donde:
ht =
Ed =
t=
=
b=

Altura de lluvia para un tiempo t en horas


Altura de lluvia mxima diaria
Tiempo en horas
Tiempo correspondiente a la lluvia diaria
Exponente que varia de 0.20 a 0.30

t
h t Hd

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Se considera que la lluvia diaria es igual a la lluvia de 12 hrs., un exponente de 0.30 para tiempos menores a 2
horas y 0.20 para tiempos mayores a 2 horas.
En nuestro medio se suele emplear el valor de
= 0.3
B=0.20
LLUVIAS MXIMAS HORARIAS ( mm ) PARA DIFERENTES TIEMPOS ( t )
Tiempo en horas

Perido de Retorno

"T" (aos)

0.5

12

10
20
50
100
500
1000

14.05
15.44
17.27
18.66
21.89
23.28

17.29
19.00
21.27
22.98
26.95
28.66

21.29
23.40
26.18
28.29
33.18
35.28

24.04
26.42
29.57
31.95
37.47
39.85

26.21
28.80
32.23
34.82
40.84
43.44

29.60
32.53
36.40
39.33
46.13
49.06

36.44
40.05
44.81
48.42
56.79
60.39

PRECIPITACIONES MAXIMAS HORARIAS (mm)


70.00

Precipitaciones Horarias (mm)

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00

0.00
1.00

10.00
t=0.5 h

100.00
Periodo De Retorno T (aos)

t=1.0 h

t=2.0 h

t=3.0 h

1000.00
t=4.0 h

10000.00
t=6.0 h

t=12 h

TIEMPO DE CONCENTRACIN DE LA CUENCA


A = Area de la cuenca (km2)
H = Desnivel entre punto ms alto y punto ms bajo del ro principal (m):
L = Longitud del ro principal de la cuenca (km)
J = Pendiente del ro principal de la cuenca (%)
FORMULA CHEREKE

L3

Tc 0 . 871 *
H

Tc=
Tc

13.77

2618.43
2000
127.76
12.51

0 . 385

hrs

4 A 1 .5 * L

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Tc

FORMULA DE GIANDOTTI

Tc=

4 A 1 .5 * L
25 .3 * J * L

0.98

hrs

L
Tc 0.066

FORMULA DE CALIFORNIA

Tc=
FORMULA VENTURA Y HERAS

6.15

hrs
A
J

Tc 0 .05

Tc=

0.77

7.23

hrs

SHERMAN
L
Tc 0 . 3 * 0.25
S

Tc=

17.76

0 . 76

hrs

KIRPICH
Tc 0.0003245* (

Tc=

L 0.77
)
S

6.18 hrs
|

Despus de haber calculado el tiempo de concentracin de la cuenca por varias formulas elegiremos aquellas
que no presentan mucha dispersin y obtendremos el valor promedio.
FORMULA
Chereque
Giandotti
California
Ventura - Heras
Sherman
Kirpich
Promedio

Tc (hrs)
13.77
0.98
6.15
7.23
17.76
6.18
11.77

CAUDALES MAXIMOS
Tp = D/2 + 0.60 * Tc
Tb = 2.67 * Tp
D=
1
S = ( 1000 / CN ) - 10

Tiempo al pico
Tiempo base
Periodo de lluvia neta en hr
Diferencia potencial mxima entre P y Q en pulgadas, a la hora que comienza
(3)
la tormenta.
CN = Nmero de curva dado por las caractersticas del tipo de suelo que existen en la cuenca
2

Hd = (P - 0.2*S) / (P + 0.8 * S)
DESCRIPCIN
GRUPO
comprende suelos poco profundos con subhorizontes casi impermeables con
D
pastisales sin tratamiento con mala condicion para la infiltracin

CN
82

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Tiempo de concentracin Tc =
11.77
Tiempo al pico Tp =
7.56
Tiempo base Tb =
20.19
Area de la cuenca A =
2,618.43
Longitud del curso principal L = 127,760.00
Desnivel o altura H =
Pendiente del curso i =

hr
hr
hr
2
Km
m

2,000.00 m

2.76 t %

h t Hd

Altura de precipitacin mximas para diferentes perodos de retorno y Tc

Perido de Retorno

"T" (aos)

10
20
50
100
500
1000
Para un tiempo de retorno T = 10 aos
Precipitacin P = 36.30
S = 2.20
Hd = 7.14
Hd/h = 0.28

Tiempo en horas
11.77

36.30
39.89
44.64
48.23
56.57
60.16

mm

1.4293

Dato

mm

0.2810

Que viene a ser la escorrentia directa.

Precipitacin P =
Escorrentia directa Hd =
q p = (484 * A * h) / Tp =

36.30 mm
7.14 mm
3
1829.37 m /seg

Q = (484 * A * Hd) / Tp =

514.24 m /seg

1.4293 pulgadas.
0.2811 pulgadas.
3
64,603.62 pie /seg

18,160.23 pie /seg

Datos:
qp =
Q=
Tp =

Relacin Tiempo
T /Tp
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40

64,603.62 pie /seg


3
18,160.23 pie /seg
7.56 Hr
Relacin
Descarga
q /q p
0.000
0.015
0.075
0.160
0.280
0.430
0.600
0.770
0.890
0.970
1.000
0.980
0.920
0.840
0.750

1829.37 m /seg
3
514.24 m /seg

Tiempo
Hrs

Desc. Unit

0.000
0.756
1.512
2.269
3.025
3.781
4.537
5.293
6.050
6.806
7.562
8.318
9.074
9.831
10.587

0.00
27.44
137.20
292.70
512.22
786.63
1,097.62
1,408.61
1,628.14
1,774.49
1,829.37
1,792.78
1,683.02
1,536.67
1,372.03

m /seg

Q=(Hd/h).q
0.00
7.71
38.55
82.23
143.91
221.00
308.38
395.75
457.43
498.55
513.96
503.69
472.85
431.73
385.47

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1.50
1.60
1.80
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00

0.660
0.560
0.420
0.320
0.240
0.180
0.130
0.098
0.075
0.036
0.018
0.009
0.004

11.343
12.099
13.612
15.124
16.636
18.149
19.661
21.174
22.686
26.467
30.248
34.029
37.810

1,207.38
1,024.45
768.34
585.40
439.05
329.29
237.82
179.28
137.20
65.86
32.93
16.46
7.32

339.22
287.82
215.87
164.47
123.35
92.51
66.82
50.37
38.55
18.50
9.25
4.63
2.06

Qmx:
513.96

HIDROGRAMA DE CRECIDAS PERIODO DE RETORNO 10 Aos


Mtodo: Soil Conservatin Service

600

Caudal Q (m3/seg)

500

400

300

200

100

0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

35.0

40.0

Tiempo (hrs.)

ANALISIS DE CRECIDAS - HIDROGRAMA DE LA CUENCA


METODO DE LA SOIL CONSERVATIN SERVICE
PERIODO DE RETORNO 20 AOS
Precipitacin P = 39.89
S=
2.20
Hd = 9.71
Hd/h = 0.38

mm

1.5657

pul. Dato

mm

0.382

pul. Que viene a ser la escorrentia directa.

Precipitacin P =
Escorrentia directa Hd =
q p = (484 * A * h) / Tp =

39.77
7.14
1154.51

mm
mm
3
m /seg

Q = (484 * A * Hd) / Tp =

441.21

m /seg

Datos:

qp =

3
40,771.14 pie /seg

Q=

15,581.06 pie /seg

1.566
0.382
40,771.14

pulgadas.
pulgadas.
3
pie /seg

15,581.06

pie /seg

3
1154.51 m /seg
3

441.21 m /seg

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Tp =
Relacin Tiempo
T /Tp
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.80
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00

8.02 Hr
Relacin
Descarga
0.000
0.015
0.075
0.160
0.280
0.430
0.600
0.770
0.890
0.970
1.000
0.980
0.920
0.840
0.750
0.660
0.560
0.420
0.320
0.240
0.180
0.130
0.098
0.075
0.036
0.018
0.009
0.004

Tiempo
Hrs
0.000
0.802
1.604
2.406
3.208
4.010
4.813
5.615
6.417
7.219
8.021
8.823
9.625
10.427
11.229
12.031
12.833
14.438
16.042
17.646
19.250
20.854
22.458
24.063
28.073
32.084
36.094
40.104

Desc. Unit
3

m /seg
0.00
17.32
86.59
184.72
323.26
496.44
692.71
888.97
1,027.51
1,119.87
1,154.51
1,131.42
1,062.15
969.79
865.88
761.98
646.53
484.89
369.44
277.08
207.81
150.09
113.14
86.59
41.56
20.78
10.39
4.62

Q=(Hd/h).q
0.00
6.62
33.09
70.59
123.54
189.72
264.72
339.73
392.67
427.97
441.21
432.38
405.91
370.61
330.90
291.20
247.08
185.31
141.19
105.89
79.42
57.36
43.24
33.09
15.88
7.94
3.97
1.76

Qmx:
441.21

HIDROGRAMA DE CRECIDAS PERIODO DE RETORNO 20 Aos


Mtodo: Soil Conservatin Service
500
450
400

Caudal Q(m3/seg)

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

35.0

40.0

45.0

Tiempo (hrs)

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ANALISIS DE CRECIDAS - HIDROGRAMA DE LA CUENCA


METODO DE LA SOIL CONSERVATIN SERVICE
PERIODO DE RETORNO 50 AOS
Tiempo de concentracin Tc =
Tiempo al pico Tp =
Tiempo base Tb =
Precipitacin P =
Escorrentia directa Hd =
Area de la cuenca A =
Longitud del curso principal L =
Desnivel o altura H =
Pendiente del curso i =
Precipitacin P = 46.10
S = 2.20
Hd = 13.46
q p = (484 * A * h) / Tp =
Q = (484 * A * Hd) / Tp =

11.77
7.56
20.19
44.64
13.46
2,618.43
127,760.00
2,000.00
1.57

hr
hr
mm
mm
2
Km
m
m
%

1.815
0.530
675.663

pulgadas.
pulgadas.
2
millas

mm

1.815

pul. Dato

mm

0.530

pul. Que viene a ser la escorrentia directa.

64,603.62 pie /seg

34,245.02 pie /seg

1829.37 m /seg

969.71 m /seg

Datos:
qp =
Q=
Tp =

Relacin Tiempo
T /Tp
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.80
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00

64,603.62 pie /seg


3
34,245.02 pie /seg
7.56 Hr
Relacin
Descarga
q /q p
0.000
0.015
0.075
0.160
0.280
0.430
0.600
0.770
0.890
0.970
1.000
0.980
0.920
0.840
0.750
0.660
0.560
0.420
0.320
0.240
0.180
0.130
0.098
0.075
0.036
0.018
0.009
0.004

1829.37 m /seg
3
969.71 m /seg

Tiempo
Hrs

Descarga

0.000
0.756
1.512
2.269
3.025
3.781
4.537
5.293
6.050
6.806
7.562
8.318
9.074
9.831
10.587
11.343
12.099
13.612
15.124
16.636
18.149
19.661
21.174
22.686
26.467
30.248
34.029
37.810

0.00
27.44
137.20
292.70
512.22
786.63
1,097.62
1,408.61
1,628.14
1,774.49
1,829.37
1,792.78
1,683.02
1,536.67
1,372.03
1,207.38
1,024.45
768.34
585.40
439.05
329.29
237.82
179.28
137.20
65.86
32.93
16.46
7.32

m /seg

Q=(Hd/h).q
0.00
14.55
72.73
155.15
271.52
416.98
581.83
746.68
863.04
940.62
969.71
950.32
892.13
814.56
727.28
640.01
543.04
407.28
310.31
232.73
174.55
126.06
95.03
72.73
34.91
17.45
8.73
3.88

Qmx:
969.71

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HIDROGRAMA DE CRECIDAS PERIODO DE RETORNO 50 Aos


Mtodo: Soil Conservatin Service
1,200

1,000

800

600

400

200

0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

35.0

40.0

ANLISIS DE CRECIDAS - HIDROGRAMA DE LA CUENCA


MTODO DE LA SOIL CONSERVATIN SERVICE
PERIODO DE RETORNO 100 AOS

Tiempo de concentracin Tc =
Tiempo al pico Tp =
Tiempo base Tb =
Precipitacin P =
Escorrenta directa Hd =
Area de la cuenca A =
Longitud del curso principal L =
Desnivel o altura H =
Pendiente del curso i =

Precipitacin P = 48.23
S = 2.20
Hd = 16.53

11.77
7.56
20.19
50.88
16.53
2,618.43
127,760.00
2,000.00
1.57

hr
hr
mm

2.003
0.651
675.663

Km
m
m
%

pulgadas.
pulgadas.
2
millas

mm

2.003

pul. Dato

mm

0.651

pul. Que viene a ser la escorrenta directa.

64,603.62 pie /seg

42,049.57 pie /seg

q p = (484 * A * h) / Tp =

1829.37 m /seg

Q = (484 * A * Hd) / Tp =

1190.71 m /seg

3
3

Datos:
qp =
Q=
Tp =

64,603.62 pie /seg


3
42,049.57 pie /seg
7.56 Hr

1829.37 m /seg
3
1190.71 m /seg

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Relacin Tiempo
T /Tp
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.40
2.50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90
3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40
3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90
4.00
4.10
4.20
4.30
4.40
4.50
4.60
4.70
4.80
4.90
5.00
5.10
5.20
5.30

Relacin
Descarga
q /q p
0.000
0.015
0.075
0.160
0.280
0.430
0.600
0.770
0.890
0.970
1.000
0.980
0.920
0.840
0.750
0.660
0.560
0.485
0.420
0.365
0.320
0.276
0.240
0.207
0.180
0.151
0.130
0.110
0.098
0.085
0.075
0.065
0.058
0.050
0.041
0.036
0.030
0.027
0.023
0.020
0.018
0.016
0.013
0.011
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.003
0.003

Tiempo
Hrs

Descarga

0.000
0.756
1.512
2.269
3.025
3.781
4.537
5.293
6.050
6.806
7.562
8.318
9.074
9.831
10.587
11.343
12.099
12.855
13.612
14.368
15.124
15.880
16.636
17.393
18.149
18.905
19.661
20.417
21.174
21.930
22.686
23.442
24.198
24.955
25.711
26.467
27.223
27.979
28.736
29.492
30.248
31.004
31.760
32.517
33.273
34.029
34.785
35.541
36.298
37.054
37.810
38.566
39.322
40.079

0.00
27.44
137.20
292.70
512.22
786.63
1,097.62
1,408.61
1,628.14
1,774.49
1,829.37
1,792.78
1,683.02
1,536.67
1,372.03
1,207.38
1,024.45
887.24
768.34
667.72
585.40
504.91
439.05
378.68
329.29
276.23
237.82
201.23
179.28
155.50
137.20
118.91
106.10
91.47
75.00
65.86
54.88
49.39
41.16
36.59
32.93
29.27
22.87
20.12
18.29
16.46
14.63
12.81
10.98
9.15
7.32
6.59
5.85
5.12

m /seg

Q=(Hd/h).q
0.00
17.86
89.30
190.51
333.40
512.01
714.43
916.85
1,059.73
1,154.99
1,190.71
1,166.90
1,095.45
1,000.20
893.03
785.87
666.80
577.49
500.10
434.61
381.03
328.64
285.77
246.48
214.33
179.80
154.79
130.98
116.69
101.21
89.30
77.40
69.06
59.54
48.82
42.87
35.72
32.15
26.79
23.81
21.43
19.05
14.88
13.10
11.91
10.72
9.53
8.33
7.14
5.95
4.76
4.29
3.81
3.33

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5.40
5.50
5.60
5.70
5.80
5.90
6.00

0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.001
0.001
0.001

40.835
41.591
42.347
43.103
43.860
44.616
45.372

4.39
3.66
3.29
2.93
2.56
2.20
0.91

2.86
2.38
2.14
1.91
1.67
1.43
0.60

Qmx:
1,190.71

HIDROGRAMA DE CRECIDAS PERIODO DE RETORNO 100 Aos


Mtodo: Soil Conservatin Service
2,000
1,800
1,600
1,400
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

35.0

40.0

45.0

50.0

You created this PDF from an application that is not licensed to print to novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com)

You created this PDF from an application that is not licensed to print to novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com)

You created this PDF from an application that is not licensed to print to novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com)

You created this PDF from an application that is not licensed to print to novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com)