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4 Matter, Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Review

When matter is changed into something new, what has happened?


A
B
C
D

Anything that has mass and takes up space is


A
B
C
D

work
energy
volume
matter

The following sentence is a type of change written as a formula. Oxygen plus iron will turn
to rust.
4Fe + 3O2-----> 2Fe + O3
Something new is made. What type of reaction has occurred?
A
B
C
D

a physical change has happened.


a physical property has occurred.
a chemical change has happened.
both a chemical and physical change has occurred.

none
physical
chemical

If the atomic number of radium is 88, this is the same number as the

A
B
C
D

no. of neutrons
no. of protons
no. of electrons
mass

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6.4 Matter, Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Review

Water is one of the few compounds that commonly exist on earth

A
B
C
D
6

The center of the atom is called the

A
B
C
D
7

9
4
5
none of the choices.

Look at Beryllium on the periodic table. According to this model, what is the atomic
number.
A
B
C
D

the atomic mass


photon
the atomic number
nucleus

Look at the periodic table, what is the atomic mass of Beryllium?


A
B
C
D

in all compounds
in all three states of matter
in the same density

7
4
6
3

The smallest part of an element that still has the properties of an element is called
A
B
C
D

a compound
a molecule
an atom
a photon

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6.4 Matter, Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Review

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What would be the correct formula for a water compound?

A
B
C
D
11

A change in matter that produces a new substance is called


A
B
C
D

12

ice melting in water


burning coal
decomposition of food
iron rusting

How many atoms of hydrogen are in the following compound, 3Na H 5 O 2


A
B
C
D

14

physical change
physical property
chemical change
chemical property

Which is not an example of a chemical change?


A
B
C
D

13

H20
HO 2
O2H
2HO

3
7
1
5

Which of the following statements are true?


A
B
C
D

Neutrons have a negative charge and protons have positive charge.


Electrons have a negative charge and protons have a positive charge.
Neutrons and protons have positive charges.
The atomic mass is made up of electrons and protons

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6.4 Matter, Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Review

15

What are the most common elements in the earth's surface ( crust) according to this circle
graph?

A
B
C
D
16

oxygen, silicon, and iron


oxygen, silicon, and aluminum
oxygen, iron, and aluminum
oxygen, aluminum, and sodium

What do the little numbers in a chemical formula represent? For Example: Fe 2 O 3


A
B
C
D

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The number of atoms of the element


The number of protons of the element
The number of electrons
the number of molecules

This model could represent what molecule?

A
B
C
D

CaO2
CO2
O2C
C2O

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6.4 Matter, Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Review

Page 5

Answer Key : 6.4 Matter, Atoms, Elements, and Compounds Review

Question:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

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Answer
C
D
C
B
B
D
A
B
C
A
C
A
D
B
B
A
B