- "'"

.... ,..

SCOPE OF . SOVIET .··ActIVITY IN. THE--. UNlTEDSIATES '.

- . . .' "' . ~. '.. .

~ .. +

.'-~

"

HEARING'

. ~9RETHm .

. " :.:> -c.~: -StIBC()MMrlTEE~::To.·· ·iNvESTIGATE .T..m~ ~t.. v- ',' .

. {:"'?'. MntiNmTMTION. OFTHE.1NtmiAL.' sEcuiuTi '."" ~ ... ,,:,:

-: ', >~ . ~. .~_ .. ~:- ':! : ..... ~:~ v .._ ,,:. • •••.. ..:~ ... : .:.:. _.~_j~.' ... :.;"_'~'., .:-I." •. :'~' , __ "",~.:,." ... • ':; I

.-. ·ACT.AND ·OTHEB 'INTER"NAL SECURITY LAWS-· ', :

. ,"_ ", ..

e ;

......

. ',

',:. :\::.: . . : : .: ;: ~. : .-

.c· .. • .

~. ~"" ~"

. ".'

. :,'

CONTEN,TS

<'

....

. _:"- .. -

/.

., .. }

.'

'.'<;::>'

.... :, .. :;! ......

...• j. : ::~ .. ~ . .:::-

" "'

. : -~ ..

.. ~'" ' ..

.. -

>;\:~i!.i:~'-II(·;"'-'j;;1:,,~··":::::1<;;~!;;*;i~:?3($, ;~h'~< ?,:

.' . -v-' ~

}if5;;i~;;;r··~i,: t~8j::,~~;'~'~i*i;~~~f~·Vij;1Y'y,<,:;,·. '-;'::h"~.:t;M:!'~~~~;:*~~'··. , w~if~~~~t'l~,:.~~,.?~~;·:t:~-: .. '~~"~::-~~.~~:~~~!~':; ~~, .. ~:~~~'l' .. ~~~~.;,~. 'D: .. :'0::~' :~rt?~~,: .. \ ,.' r.'··.

~~~~*<L!:4:,: . ~',. . " ., '- Th~;~~ni¥1si.on iSreqmre4. ~~ report ~<i the 1egisl!lmt:e at.~ach. bi~ ~on, - . . :~'~'!~:: ., :." :: :.:.::, .c, '.;.~ '< and,may repol't -at_apy otller ,fune •. _.l3ith':I". to .the le_wsla:tore. ,if ~nvened. or ,to tl:le·

.. . .,' '.' . . '_'" . ::Go",!ern.or. ~guIarl reports were ~b~tted to 'Qle .legJ.Slatu~e ill Mar$. :1.95\ ~d .

, . ~l'~"""" ~iIi March l001k' ',A special report on the United Public Workers was sublIlltted

'.. . 1': t -: .' r , to _j;he GpY~rJ;!or in March 1,954: an~.wa.s later ma~e p~bJ,ie bY.~ .. The purpose of

-:, .:.' .... ~t, 1."'.:::=; .:' :.·~e :t:eJHm;:·J'74at<:l,D;lW .. ~ya:il~ble·to.the.,,~~l:!>rl_¥,.~d~,t:~~~Y g~V~~b!.

'.: ' ~l. r .: , , . " tliroUgh.:the.:Gov.ernor( the facts concerm.ng·, the Commumst leadership of th~

~: '. Pnited'~blie Workers, whi~h recruits members fro:m among the ranks of Tern-

. ;', .. ' 11. t i. . , tortal and"counzy ~:mployees. Copies of th~ report were furnis_hed to all members

,:~.?:~~.~.,~_C".': 1 fi , . e-; • -of the'legislature, the'mayor of the city and county of Honolulu and the eounty

.. ,''', ", 'n' , chainnen of the other counties, Copies also are being furnished to the newly

,:<.-'::: 11 I, . electe" mem~er~ of the legislature. .....'. .

.. ' ,,' ii! !t . . .~ The'coJllllllSSIOn bas found no material errors m any of the three reports. It

:"~",.' :,~ .. d1! 1: '. .' . has tried diligently to avoid' errors of every type, and nas made it known that

.. , ,L ~; any person, organization or institution feeling aggrieved by any statement in any

.(i:;~':'·:'·'~J jl.,· ., .. J."~port·qf the co~sion ~o:uld·be R~eorde(!. a pr~mpt. h~aringQ!l thematter, No "'.

. .. ." 'm' ~,1..:. .' .nne has requested' a 'bearIng, 'D,or has even· a letteJ:: of complamt been- reCeived. . .

',; j '. . Comm.nIrlst attempts to discredit the commtsston, charging it with illegal .pro-

~! ii. _ eedurss, h'ave _continued. . Although the courts .are readily available to redress

~;:; ~; the alleged wrongs, no legal action has -been instituted. In that regard,. it . is

,!; t, - pertinent to recall the Communist agitation against the public body which dis-

.~;' ,! '. ~ " . !Xl~Sed .. ~Ohn E .... Reinecke and wife from publie emplo~ent ~ l:94~. ,I~. that

. .', .. .: ~se, although complaining IlubliclY and at great length, the dismlSl3ed Oommn-

'., .;:. . IiiiifSdfd not even 'IlvaI[ themselves of their statutory right'of appeal. .'

ill !.l: _ In 11}51·the l~gislat1ire passed acts 130"'154, 177" and 256, dea1iJJg ~th loyalty

• {! L '. of public employees an_d with subversive activities. On the ~l readUigs of.the

~IJ! r>: ... ;4 'bills;' a. ~biJ.·of.l67 .votes. :were. -east in' faJor of ena~tin.~!.lt; 'witlJ, ~nly 6 votes

~li! -.' . opposed.. '. . .

• .~) [' ••• ". > '. ~ln!:' sum. of $75,000 w~ .appropriated. for the connnission in 1949. but 'less

~J. .. . ··than $45,000 was spent In-the firstbienniUln. The original appropzlatfon did not -

~: i.~·. . lapse, ~d Was supplement~ by appropriations of $32,000 in 1951, and $2(),OOO

~l"" . in ·1953., ', " /. .

i'.,',·'·. . ~ . ~".,,: :-':: . Sinc~ 'Suh~tting its .1953repOl:t, the"commission has hel~ 28' meetings. In

:fI', add!tion; its Oahu eommit~e~ has met five times for the so~e purpose of ta.k.i?g

~'l' testtmonz,: ·More· than 20' W1tnesses were heard. only a mmorlty of whom In-

, voked the1r:privilege against selI-incrlmination.. . '. .

I~' . Au personal history statements filed by publie officers and publie employees

<!~! in compliance with· act ~6 of 1951 have been examined and evaluated by the'

. ~I~~ commission. It·is estimated that more than 24,000 of these sworn statements have

~,::. ',~. ,.'::". j~, been processed since Act 256 became effe~tlve. -

:,;,." :;., . ,. ."'[';'1.1 The..instlll).t. renortfs chiefly eonfined to the'years 1953-55. In. some Instances

"';f;::::.:~:>::<;. } .. ' ":~ot.matiOD;.deYcl.opeddarlnirthis·perjod,"alnplifying mat~ ~viouslyrep:orte4;

.,:: :_<.,:.~., .• [.~, h8,SbeeRinelud!!d~.'··:-'::->' : ', ,. .. .. - , .

.. ;,::?.~';::::~:. ,. :". <Many ,local and mainland; sources of information· .have been ut~d, In

:J:i~",::"._>-,· r~porting local matters, the commission generally .has based its finding.s ~llon

!!®rNfg~~~.'; I sworn .. te~timollY,. much of i.t given before. the ecmmlsston.: Othe: so~c~s of

~~ , ',"':' ~ -, '!: ." :'_, t : . information have melnded reports of· official Government agencies, IDveS1;lgative

~!'iliterviews, and material originated by or emanating from the Communist party and its fronts and Oommunfst-dommated labor unions,

;,'.

COMMUNl:sT REACTIONS TO 1953 REPORT

. The Coinmunist Honolulu Record devoted an Inside-page .a,rticle to the 1953 report, au'd its eornmntst, Frank Marshall Davis; on August Q, 1953, wrote aliout 'the eoininission and tile report. . In his column 'Davis was guiltY of the usual Communist edttorlal dishonesty. The :!;olloWing is eopied from his column, and

purports to be a-qnetation from the 1953 report: . ..

.. ~ Or. has Davis confined his inflamma.tory raelal propaganda to the columns of the Honolulu Record alone. His story. Hawaii's Plain People Fight·White 'Stipremacy, appeared in the November 1951 issue of Freedom; a tabloid publication emanating from New York City. * * * Chairman Of tbe editorial board of Freedom is Paul Robeson!'

However, the eommission actually reJ)orted: _. ,:'

"Nor has Davis confined his Inflammatory racial propaganda to the columns of the Honolma Record alone. His storg, Hawaii'S ~-'PeoPle Fight White Supremacy', appeared in the November 1951 isSi.ieo:f-Jrre!!dom, a. tabloid publication emanating from 'New York City, whose treatment 01 int6'N'acia~ problem8

:-: ,:. "'-. ~ ':~> >' :" L.·}: .)', :~::~~~.: . '.- " . strikingl1l' c

. -. board ... ot F

'P..l1II'.tY/' ';'[Ii ~ .: Again~ on

u* * * :

NegrQ,e~ :o:f .. ia:ureate of comIllains . defended." .

:;The e~mI muntst sym literature. committee I March 1953 believed in

, very largeI~ b1.ssympatb "The'CHl mst line. I world,with "Mr. HUf priseg; am .' Hughes'l1 . Ilroposedpli

sioners of E public schoo I:iJ.. faime longe£ adhe:

"Tbe.Ow to.he ;that y in Russia, ~ a sYInpathi~ n~th~amc

'"Mr:HuG' A news it that Robert the Oommu articlEfMcE PllrtY tunc MeElrathw

The· COlIlI! rath was ex . also aware·:l a'subl!onurii

to a subpem ''M;r.:TAVl ·.''Mr .. McE (The sam A:8 long .: ~ exponent; of ~arty depel

AS was E taken cogni (l) .l libertie Oonstit (2) • crt the 1 folm~ (3) •

Territo

However, cipally. con: sion has no aetivities a

~r ', ""'_::--",":,:::",,-~", ~.'~>':-~-~·'-:A' .. '·

.' .' p'!

.'

.. ~'.: ~~ ~~j.:'::':,~~~~~:;j~.:j.:f:':';;'~':'_~~~';":'~:'--"_;' ~-_~ • .:.-:.. ~:.:,:_,.'::'~~~~.~~~:~~.~~:~~.:;· :'·:t:-i':-·:':"::"·~:'::':~-~>';}'~~~_:';';;"'':3- .. '':-"";.~ ',.- ._

SC~PEi ~~~VIET ACTIVITY' iN THE UNITE'D STATES 2783

.r

/

strikingl-y oonfmfms to (lommUn48t Party policy. The chairman of the editorial

board of' Freed/lm. is Paul Robeson, an. iden.t-£fiect member 'ot the 'Oommwn-inst P(1.ri'I!." [ItaliSC ~cates the words omitted by DavIs.] .

.. AIDtin;' on.A st 20, 1953; Davis had this to SaY: .'. .'.

'u* * * Lang on 'Hughes; inCidentally, has the largest following' .'among .

;. :NegJ:oes of any Negro writer.. He is also described by leading critics as the poet

.r Iaureate Of the Negro people. I might add he is the same Langston Hughes who,

~} complains the local commission on subversive activities, I. have .s._tanchlY

':: defended."

;i The commlsslon in the 1953 report referred to Langston Hughes as a Oom-

0; inunist.sympathizer, and quoted his poem, Goodbye Christ, as an example of his

ill litera~_e. . Hughes appeared, voluntarily, before the Senate I',ermanent Bub-

~ coininittee on. Investigations of the' Commitj;ee on Goverlllhent Operations _,in

;'J; March 1953. He-testifled that there was a period Qftiine in bis-.life when·he

I;; - beUev.ed.in the. Soviet form of government, and that books authored by hlm

;. ,,:. Y.f:rY 'Jai:o_ge1y' followed at tiIIies some' as~ts, of the Oommunlst line. reil~ting

his ~pathy with them .. Concerning these books he waS' asked:' " .. , "

~ . "The OHAiRMAN. Now, let us take those that you .think followed the Oommn-,

n . Dist line.·Do you feel th,at those books should. b.e OD.Our ,~h4;l1 ves tnrougnout- .the

J . world. with the apparent stamp of .approval of the United States Governm:ent?

~ , '. '.; "'Mr. HUGII'ES. I was certainly amazed to hear tbat .they were. I .was sur-

," -~;.~ ' .. ,l?rlse!L;. '~d.1 .would certainly say "No.' 'Ill • . . "

s '." ~_.: ':·ih~~es·.wasone :Qf~e _ a~thor.a whose, 'wri~_ w¢re ·~clud~. ~."a~I1:p~.ft :t1f :~

\ _ ~ _ "'pr-()iIDse:d: :pamphlet· OD . .Amerl(~anislXt. w.hicP.. the.'I:&WU' su,Qm1tted: .to::tA~ CoJqID.1~:'.:·

f=~"~1',~i:~,.€i:~;;;1~~;~;;g\i1~;~; " ""'"

.: .'~he CB:A..piMAN:··Let me ask you this ·question. I Understand yourtestbD.ony to b~ that you never actually joined the Communist party; that while YQlJ were ··:.-Jn~~~saia, -you·were solicited·to join it; tb.at,you.ha,ve"a long perio,d .. of.time. been - .: idJjfnpat-.liber with tbe·Oonimnnist cause, .and. that as of .to~ you' definit~ axe . .. ;. ..- neither a member of the narty nor a sympathiier with the cause. 'Is that COtrect?

.. , . ·',;·;~,~~:HUGJ;[i!s.Tbatiscorrect,sir."/. ,.', , ..... : .'. ,"'.,' : J.' ...... ~- .•.

. ,.' '1',' • '~A news i.tem'in tlie-July 10, 1953;--edition of the' Honolulu Star·Bulletiil. 'related:

v: " ',' :-'~.:.~~. ~li!lJ!'t-F" :M:~th.- IL~WlJ);adi9·~qm;meIJ,~tor, h~d denled membreship i,n

..... '.~·.09~um.st._Party as a~lbuted· to biriI.. m- ~e 19~ rellort. " ~f.!ording -toj;~~ , , r ·.~a.$c~~McElrath Qb~eCtedto the commtsstonrs reference ·to hiin. 'ail' a. ~mmUnist

. 'Par.ty, 'fUllCtionary. pointing out that .. Jack H. Kawano had· testified that·

r ' .. ,:,· ... !tfeEIi::athwas.CXIJellE:dfromt;hepar.t;ybefore1951. .. :,,;: ': .-;' .. : .... ,. :',' .. ,'. ~ .

;~~ ... ~~~/, ::. :.':;~e-·cominission'wa:s .. aware of the'fact that-KawanO·ha~rtestified·tbat )feEl': .... ' ."

)'~hl~ ., ~"'d; '. . ..': .. ::~i~:.r.ii@. .. \was ~~. from ~e OOinni~t,:PaitY:m' ;rulY·.l94s.-.,.~~e~sioi:i'.'w~,

UOJ..8 l'epor~.,. ~:. -. .. -' '. ';. ,1 .. ·:-:8,iiG:~':Wii:re::tha.t' on' Ap~il:17:;::J.950; almos~;2: ye~n:,s. ~1J;teJ;," • .' ~clilltath,'ap~~ .. d·1iet:or¢·

, ut~d, '.··.k.-, '. .. : .... ; ~::~l\~~~M~ttee.of ~e House, qQ~t~e ~~, U~--~~ari Activitie§, ip' respo~se:

..,- .. ;~.;. . .. :. ' .. :;~t9·I;I...sul)pen~. and!7as a~~ed 1;hefollowmgqUE)stion: . '. .. . .. _ ... ' : .... ,,' '\ .

................ s, )lpon' . :.' .. ' . ",.,. . .' "'. ffiMr" .. ' . ' :Ax 'T'!'-. . . . b :fl th C •

ler" s(jnr~.(j{: -!. " "': 1~~.~~~~:):~f{;;.1ri@.· ~1i.~~"R':~~'~I.~~:t:~~:~oe;~~·;s . .:m_·'·:==:-~,~~~,::.~:~<;~,{_ .. ;':; .. :.;.o~;":'!:., '.,2' .. ;' ., ', .. : ">-

I, lnve!;itigative .'. ,_. ; , "., "(The sam.egroundS:'beui.gtlie fifth Iimendnient.) ': ,." .. " ..... ; ,..,:: ":'.': .. ' .. ' .- "

nmantst P~:rty ~':c.As·10Ilg.-as,MCEJ.rath functions as a prQpagandi$t. f(tJ; .communlsm and as an

. ...,:, ~onent:pf:1:he.party.~~,·ltJs.not C9JlSid.er:e~ ·that:his.v~rie to t:ne COJ'nn'!.nnlst , 'P~o/ d~pends on 'R -cOntinuance of-formal' i:lie'm:berShip ·!ti·"the .party .. ' . ~,: : : ....

<~j~~~~t i;~~:~~;'\·;:P::{~Ji~;·;jr!~:~t'·":" . i~:1~L::~ ~~2;i;~Sl~i~,t:; :':'. f .'

,,~.:!~~?1J ',~~~~1JI~~~~~O~f'~:thr3.~~:·i~:~~:I~~~~: (It· activities:, .'

:": sel~k'to':de5tI'~~'ty thr~al:aoi'Babota~;

the Unij;_~. ·.St!ltes

\.TES

ennial session, .. ened, 01' to the arch 1951 arid vas submitted the purpose of 'governments,

.ershlp of ·the auks of Ter,ri-' o aU members nd the county

to the newlY

~e rePorts. . It it known that .tement ill Spy Ie matter .: -No been' reeelved, tho illegal _pro· ble to redress ; regard;.it.is Idy which dis~ t948. . III .that LissEid' 'Col:Ii.tttD~

1949, butrless dation did not ;1. and $20.!lOO

meetip.gs. ·In )OSe ·Qf, takiilg. , of whom in-

'b~i~~~;i~~~~

rluated by' the atements have

:0 the columns

~~~~:=~(:~.:.'~,:,~" '.

:ditoljal .ooa:ra· ..

J{~~~i~tr~;~~;~~~,·::~,:··

.~

... m:, .

t··,_; e ,

. ..

~.;j" ;;i; 'f;{.

~ ~~

:','"'; •. :

-, ::. . .~'.

,:-: ~.

UNITED STATES

the Communist Farty has uUy create a revolutionary the islands. However, they ~y forces tiere which prevent iable future and are content talents elsewhere wbile bidTsis on· more than one ceca- . !presentitives of district:" 13,· ;eneralized fashion."

lined additional jnformation he post-World War II period.· arty. meetings jn l!&waU, in. ~here--_'poteDtial·~i~.and ,. ~leared ~y party secnnty au-

but alWays a~ so tbat Itside would notsense that a .- materi3.1s were kept out of on-eo~u!liS1; llOQkS, records, J:i,ec~s ~O;f Jh~pr~e.s~.o~tslile apers,notes,- ete., were to be ~ffll party cards. y!~e issued :rU"ted not··to'.~fil.e':ea~ds· . r·~ .me~tiii' .. ~.Oili.ciaL:1!a:t;ty· ~-ty. .. ,. w.:.,.,., ;,r'"Oo'" ~ ~irel~·.and names u .. mmuty meD;lbers iil ottier cells.

0. late'l947, a general reorgauBures were. reemp:qa~ .an_d len' 'su'ght 'breache_sof tl;I.es~

)~'. to: thi~rid' of oo!!h 'iesir. f~r

;0 issuance of new cards, In lllymS ("party names") to be y carda:,was disContinued' in

..' ' ••• -: -_. \' 'r

, meeting dates staggered. In =e8' W8s·.Ol'o.eroo; and all partY mtrols ioi.-pOssibleb'reaches·of

~ ".:', '~., :-,_": 'I"~:-- :i~~' ;' .. : ":~"'... ": "

3ioJ;l::l06li1 pli1e~,"ilf ··the "e)id,:Of:," . , turned In. at that:tilne. .:: ity measures took plate;:· The :neetlngs: l~.hI:im~ O'r;buildings, suclr as· parks .J)~ :tieaches; :01:'.~ -tection in such use {)f antcmoleir'hoines, and a predetermined fferent Places was to be- used. 1 chairmen, were- glVen· a .. type~

9.Iia,n .' po~llP:lst Party:duri~~ , lii'_pQi1:s'~': 'IIbls (}utUn~genertU-: : "artia~vi~es during a ·])e:rlod men were- instruqted to dlse~s well understood by all mem1,l~~ '~ bere.rand were:Ord~'i:~~in:otJe~ .

~·~~1yr~~~~~~ ... ~ti~~ty gro,iipS·were·;i1.(&ID.- . lentified-by.il.umbers (1 thrOU.lI'l! . ri~JltWf!Q:,~S-:'baYing"ll'e~im$n~.· .: n· Qfujfi(JM'CEb~8.tli;· .~e:~#k~ .

;I~m~:~~~~'

SCOPE OF SOVIET ACTIVITY IN THE UNITED STATES 2'8-01

i

I

am, Stephen Murin, Evelyn Murin,_ Aiko T. Reinecke,' Claude. White, Wilfre4 M. Oka, Esther Bristow, Robert M. Kempa,D. Helen e. Davis, ·Henry Epstein, Frank

MRJ;'Shall Davis, Davia E. Thompson, and Charles K. FujImoto. -,

Each group was headed 1,ly a chairman who carried on business concerning the gJ:oup through a "contaet" at a higher level •. · This "contact" received oral reports and dues collected from group members, Dues reports did not include the names of party membel'S' supplying the t:unds. . Securlty rules prohibited .the keeping of membership lists at the lower party levels,

COMMUNIST~FRONT ORGANIZATIONS

~WAII CIVIL RIGR'l'S 'CONGRESS

,. . The Hawaii.Civil Rights Congress is, as far .as js known, the only Oommunlst-,"

.- front organization now operating in Hawaii. It came into be~ng late l,li 19407. as

: .,: the' Hawaii 'Oivil 'Liberties, Oommtttee, . ;!:Iince. its .formation .. 1;he J::ontroLot~ tlliS r.

-. organisation has remained 'firJilly ih the hands O'f idehtlftedmembers tJf the:CO,-n- . t ' munist PartY. Since 194~, the' offices of chairman, secretary,~· and treasure!': al-

::;">c. Wlfj'S have been held by persons identifie4 as having been l(I.eID,~rs·of ·the Com.-"

munlst Party. . .... . . , . ."

Thirty personS' known to have been members .-of this organization have 'been ' ~dentified as having· been members of the Communist Farty. Five oi these,

,~f.;{:.]Qwi1lht.·JiamleS:~ll'ree·1 :119.lI4' '9bLarl:e8 K. ·Fnjlmoto.,EUeen l". Fujimot9.dllek 'w;,·Hau,:' ' . .-

been' convicted of vtol8.tlng the.Srnith Act: _ .~ .. ';_'.' .. ' .: ". . ,.:- : .~?"'j;~ the activities of the HCRe nave been. ~otieea~Iy'

~;~~~~~~ l3o;(!alledc;-Ha,w.aii· 7,.nopnapy: Wo~ld;.b,II:v:e p~~~~ , ...... ';:>: '.' i ':,

~; .OP~l~W1Ii~~f;;.f(.th).J; e?:bR~;{'~~W-~\1~:::I~~=~~~~{~::~, ;:··;',~i;.\\,.~;;i{

vetoed by the party: HO'wever. HORG' contiliueq_' its· -.... ~. _

to' raise for 'defense oitha Hawaii 7_ On March 7. 1958.· a IllJ-r.ty,

'.atHo's ,P~ce, '636 Panni Street, Honolulu,. ~r t~~ purP9Se ,of}~l!ismg:} , ,,,,._;~ __ for the Hawaii 'f, and on:Jwy"l8, _1~!i3, a &aturday:n1g~tpart,:Y:w;~s·:l1eld·: . 'z.""";!:I<!;~:!!.I}U'LJ .. Sherman Park 'Flac;e-, ·Honoluhi, .. ·,~to' .. br~g . out tlJ.!:,se- fightilfg. 9-o~~3·: '~i.~~~~~!t,~delitlliled memliers 'of_'the cOIll~uniBtJ?arty, inclWli,ng:f~'!ir..<!Uh.~ Sp:p8.l!~.,tr: . 11 'attendedthese parties .. A.copy.of the HeRe·N~ws .. ~4ted: ~ QctO'-' . stated tna $400 was raised in cash and. pledges. at the Hawaii 7. fv.ila··.

, held recimtlY.,·· '. ,-' ... , ". > : •• _.... • '.: ';- .' '_'·.l:/- _,:;::·\·i'i ~ ,,' :':,\'r'

Deeel![lbE~r·26. 1953. HORe h!'lld'its sixth.anniveraar-y party"at tb,~,~~o~e,< '. ' .... <'.-,,"

Maunakea: Street,<EEonolu~u, wlth approxi~a:tely lO~,pe'rsons··prf!ieD.t; .' .', . ""

';~.l4'lll!; ,March :lH54,-:~HCItP. :c.ircula~(HQl_;..app.ea~, t-qr. cOJ!.~i~ritiQils, fpj,d.,j~j .' .' :.; ... :\

mem~r~~Q¥..~:·~ibU~ ;~~tion~, ~~~.~~~ .~io; ~~ .. ~~i~~¥Q~\>< <, /:':' i~~ ·;·.:··:Si

. .requesJ;iiJ.g :tbat,. . .'Q~ .. fQhn:!Paia,kiko';:ana:. J:am.es:f~) ':.:~.~: v ' :" ,.;

'he commuted to life .', . pe!itiQ'ili(w~re ,reprodu~ed, ( , :-:.-, - .. ;. :\

oifsel method of a.nd used for' the :pentlo\i :~1i1! .' .. '.'~: .:,,",'.:

!~i~~i~~~~~~a'~Cji~~~r:;:~~~!~~~~ifd·;~:~Q.iil,l.~~~~&~!:f~~~?riii~~~t~'~ ~: '.~.~~ ~;,:.- ;~.-:]

,·.,tJ~lt.·con·tiD.ued e:q>oSure of its true cJ,t~_r::ter. and of. the ~9ommuni!?t ~~ord .

.;'~~iri~~;'t~:~an"ittef::c:r~v~~r~ectiven~ fif th~ ~fRC to .a· small ,:~,~/f.; . :'_: ~:~

.: ::i:~.;'::':·\':~~~.~~~·~~;~~~~:;::;'"}':':~~:>2;·.;c'':;;··.::~/~;····:;~;'~:/;~t~:~.;:·X:/:.:',\,:~:;~

I.:VJl!o'UULIC"" was formed 'for the'purPo~eof l'iUslng fUJldS; fortli~ d.efeii~~.~ ... " '0., ' .. ' '<" .0DJy. kn.9wn activity 'was SPOnso;,i~ . of. an exhibi~on:of·~

.~d 'Kis ~<:cord,inglY·.conSid~f:~.in:the fro4t;.ca~gOq~,:: . -' .. ".' '-';

~ • ':,' :_.", .r ••• ~.:: .... '_.r 10.. ~ I .... :~:"?-~~l'-'-~ ~ .. :..: "!":"-:: .~

, ". ~

~

. -". '.~: S.~ .: ,'~':~].;

-_ ~.

in .1952 and aPI!eared.as a ehre! G.overnment witness to. the Smtih Aet tdal

, .:. -'~. ' •• : .... ; -;: .",:.:' • ..;_ .:,,_ ~ -:: .~:~~ ">;.' 'J. ~ ~':~,' .. _ ~:.:_ ~'t- ._J : .. _.~.: :.~-":. ', ~I :_.- ;-:.~ ~:.-. ··;t~.··.~~·:~.\:.~·· ~ _" ~ '"i; ', •• -, , .- :"-:: -r ; '- ,:: .• : • ~ .,:-'.",

_. '. .":. ..' .: r~···" ;" ..... :::~._;_.~ .. ~~':.." ~<,~\;

. .' ._ •• t '.' ""'. • • ~::- -... •.

~~~c.~~OS~~~~:~~~::~7,<,e.?~~o~,.::=::.~~:~~:~~::;~t~~>5'~";:~~~~·~.·"',·._,~·oe:.:~'

._~_" -! __ c_.", I

\

NITED STATES

til)

;rag expended to maintain 1is sum was itemized. as'

_ $00. 946. 60, .: 39, &17. 56 31.868.20 14.946.51

_~_-------- t14T,378.81

• $85. 704. 41 _ 16;521.16

I 52; 221'1. 63 . 199.61)4:;50

--- .. ----';"'- ...... -

rldum, id~tifi~ by. the 'ranetseo). InStro.Ctor at ,.4ttorn~y,Gene~. Qfthe,

.. : ... <' _' :"':, -.:-- _ T"' ;" .; •• , _.

'ranciseo).: ,,'tdelitifl~;~· -. .ts, S of 'which' have been ' ,g as subversive. ntifted as having been. a Inty executiv-e comndttee. zazfne ,entitled "Winner," ~ as sub~ve: by' Ple"

.). Identified.aS 'having , lent and rt.w-U: :B.ellOJ;ter , ~ eo-mn:iuntst PaTty. One

;y the Iiiwri' in ,ili~ 'paSt e Rall; regio~al '~ec~r ' )licly jd¢rituied, as:haY.iJlg"· , 3: ptopaganda"effort was '; ~e from San Francisco. ' .s of the dailY Pr9ceedingS l- th~' Erigli~h, ,,;ra~anese,,:, ,,' jf tlie:'ILWU TIispatchet ing storY and ~ w,:eldy ,WIT Defense co~ttee mizatiOD.!!, l0tally. and' on Ding story',W~,~d in

coPies,,'w:~~,e,~tf,,~:~' ices, leadi!fg ;n~llcn:s' and alsb to' all m~inland uals in the is1B.n¢!. , Thf!) ~, 3,000 'addresSees: " '" ' ' ganda, the defense com- ' Is at which Han. other iimees With. theil; 'version " ,. ·Oceetfuigs;!I'he, ',HawiUi·" ,tection of spe8kers to tl)"e '

N~~~tr

FORMATION QF o:t:HE lLWU BOO;S: CLUB

, In its issue of Febru8.:1:Y 13, 1953, the Dispatcher, official organ of the International Longshoremen's' and Warehousemeb.'s Union, carried a full-page spread

wniCh announced "ILWU Book Club Founded." ' A caption, under a photographic reproduetibn of four boOk covers, stated: ".A..s a new service to, its, members, ILWU announces the. formation of 'the XL WU book club." The :first four saleettons,

brlclly reviewed on the same page, were:

The Big Strike, by Mike Quin... ..; __ ~---------- $(), 5'0

. .Tohn,L. ,Lewis, ,An UnauthOrized Biography, by Saul.Alin-\lk:y-:.~-.:.:.----"', 1, 00

We' Can: Be· Friends, by Carl Mal'zsbi __ ~ .:. _: - ..,---- . 15

" Jack London, Ameliean Rebel, edited'by Philip S. Foner_:- .,..,___ 1.00 ... ,',' ','.',

,,:An,'order: blank in the lower ritht-handoonie~,was,addres:sed W ILWUBook :,' ",'

C1,Ub,'l~:Golden Gate Avenue. San'Franc1sc,o:2, ,c~",!Uid'colltiIl1ied: ,·.please;" , "".':,

send me (poStage .paid). the-books I Mve cheeked off ontli:e list below. I enclose

the correct sum in check Or money order to cover my purchase," The initial four

bookS, with their prices, were then listed.., ' , ' , '

, ~~ ,mai:q'~ounCeJnent, in a box, at 'the le;ft-Mnd sid~ of the p,age, was sIgDed: hy,B;arry Bridges, and reads : .', " ..,", " ,:',: . ': "Th!,} for~ft.tion, 'of "a·eQoperl;l.t.ive book ' club for'ILWU members is som'etb.irii

,the mternatiOnal otncers hope Wiltbe a. real success.' " ,

.. '''The problem of bringing good books witb.in the' reach of ,working men. and women is ~otan,easy one to solve. ,The ,book publi~,indus'try, like 80 mw.y" ot~ers, ',ia rapi,dly becoming a ~onopoJ.y •. apparenUy 'more' ·interested in profits

- ,th~ in sernce'andfactual info~tioIi. to readers. '. . . ,.'

. '''Starting with, the four qtles' announced on this' page, the, ILWU .Book Club

. will try, to;bJ;wg its' members books written in the' spirit and practice of A.t.tterican

'. deIn6;cratlc'and'1Ill1On ideals. " ' ;. , ,- .:: " , .,' '

, ~'B~t it mugt tie unflerstood frOm tTie Qut8et tftat many 'oooka' 'r~:inUZ ' -

. ~ed donot.fWc68sar.:fElI-an4 i,,; 80me 00868' do nOt, at',a~eftiict 'the views

anapoEicie8of'tkeILWll., : ":,', -". ','. ,:,:',,",' "'., '~ "The QPp<:irtnnity to get books arid to read them is comparative:I;y'new to wor~g' p'eop~e.,and .one fo~ Which we, ar~' ~ll grateful, for It 'is,~ '~ple,fa,ct ,that ~~ .. ~JOp.tY '0£, th~, ',world'lil' people,''D.ot onlY cannot buy ',books' 'but cannot' even

'read them.: c • ,-'

. "]:LWU officers believe,that tp,e more sources of information that are avanabl~ to ourmsmbers and the more, informat19n ~y can; get hoI!! of, the-better and

, :stronger our union will be. ' , . " , , ,

"", ;~:~e,~WU~Ol.ub"w~,~t.uP.:.;f~r th,e ~ole;~0l!p.r<l~t p1irpose:<lf:,brlngfug .. ' , ." to'lts, readers- ,"gQod ,'i:iJ1ormative" b,ooks ,.by writers';' devoted, .to the'. cause' ,of ' ',' 8;dy~~ : JD," .. mffuy ,wa,y~{ the "'ill8.i-e 'of" workini men' 'and womeh 'every~

, wliete.-HAlmY BlUOOES. -' , , ' ' " ' '

',: :'T¥,t<!nrtlJ:pa~~apl:i(i.ll ita1i<:.f~~" elI!:PhaSiS, iiJ Ijfjreti':eXcUIPlitorY..:.:a',~,~vowaI',of reswrudbility<f'or the-obvloUSijr'ConwitiniSt-inSptred book seleettons

" whleli appear in this and successive issues Qf the ILWU Dispatcher. If any of

the books reviewed, recommended are contrary 'm the :dews,and policies:of -.

. , " cOilltratO,r."i';';tPauspee'tive; v:

. '.~'

SCOPE OF SOVIET ACTIVITY IN THE UNITED STATES 2819

.::.

general. the propaganda bore a striking resemblance to that used during other Smith Act trials on the mainland. Such mainland propaganda emanated fJ:'om

- the Communist Party and its front organizations. Starting with the line that the gran.d jury which indicted the defeudants was rigged and undemocratic, and that the jury list was composed almost exclusively of residents of a silk stod1:ng district, the ILWU propagandists ran the gamut of party·lin~ propaganda. '

Radio Moscow, in a ;rune lfl53 broadcast criticizing the conviction of Jaek Hall and otners in the Smith Act trial in Honolulu, repeated propaganda appearing

in the ILWU Dispatcher. '

The international union accelerated its propaganda program when, on February 13, 1953. it was announced in tlle Dispatcher that the ILWU Book Club had

,- been founded. - , '

ILWU BOOK CLUB

.,...

,

, ,

, I

, "

. -; '-~ ;-v:~.-~., ~:;S~\.:,~j:. :~.' ., ;::Y:~}/!::~~~~"~ -~ '.

_~.~~:>::~p~f~:?:. ~:(.,.;~~~~:'.,: : ~ :">~~:;:&.~ ::... '.' .: .: .. s: :;:,<,.~': .: ; ,<:>::,,:: ;.-:: ' .. :.

···.:·: . .:..282Q··: soo"Pl!l' op':'Se'VIET'\\'CrIVrn' 'iN "THE· :u;NlTED; ~T.ATES .

..•• Y':~" .. " '.~ -..".,": , ': ' ":' .:.'-'_i~:;~~.~~~. ~itere~" i -~re -~ri~.Q~::p~r~,o~ ;~~~~~:as h~~"tWen!lii~- .' ..

,'. bers.:.ofthe OommUDiSt.P.arty.· se~etj1l' o(..f;he ~Qlci')isted in later issues.i~ive .":,.:\:':\ '"( " the;·Wi~si/cirvet~ge.'to'mterIiatiODat affairs;" Had one, only one of these shown

'. . :::. :i:tn "element' of 'anticommunism or evenobjeetivity. it mig4t have ~'led as. an, ·antidote. But these books on matters of world ip.terest, 'Without exceptiozi, p'a:rri>t the', nation~ 'imd international Coinmitirlst' 'liri~' with all of its Vicious and

.' s18:Dd§:-ous'at!;ack$ on the United States. ,

'The ILWU Book Club has not only failed to provide good, Informative books, but has foisted on .the rlink. and file a reading program\vhieh is p:nidoDliriantly

~ Communist In autliorshlIi and content.' . " . . r . ..

. .:' " . TestlIiionY' before a Senate subcommittee on September 2:1, 1954, .b' Maj: :W!l~ Iiam-B, Shadish, a former ,prisoner of' war of. the Communists, revealed thai: '. certaiD'book.s.·(inchiding some'o{those listed by'the' iLWU Book OIub) were

, ' .. used' in the forced indoctrination o:f prisoners: '. .

"Thel;e were a large number of books. . William Z. Foster, of the United States, had a. number of' books in camp. * * '" TIwre were a large number of books by

Howard Fast. '" '* "". '. ,

As wm be seen in subsequent pages of this report oil.:.the.lLWU Book Club. tp~.wDr1q! .~f Communist Howilril Fast are represented by three selections, Free-,

, dom Road, The AmeticaIl, Ilnd Spartacus. . .'

'The :following I.lre es:traets from testimony by another United StatE*! prisoner,

of war before'llie same subcommittee on September 28, 1954: . . . '.

"TheOl;!:AmM.A.N., This in.d.octrinaqon .eonrse you sp.ea.k of, certain magazines

and:newspaller publicatioDs, what books or no-yels came into. your camp? '

. ''Captain Q'COlmOB. We had quite a few bOl>ks and novels '" * "'.n

" .

..

"

*.' * .. " * * * ... '"

"Captain O'CONNOR. '0' * .. We also had Howard Fast's Citizen Tom Paine, .

We had to read this during our 'course of indoctrination * * *"

-* *' ~ * * * *'

"Mr. C~PEN:l'ER. Will yon identify more of those books, tlYO~ can, CaptaiD'i -, "Captain O'CONNOli., Well, Citizen Tom prune.' Clnna 'Fights Back. This .. I

- ·believe. is another 'of Agiles Smedley's books. The Twilight of World Capital-

ism, by Foster, was a textbook. The American, by Howard Fast. we bad *' '" *."

Also on September 28, 1954, Ii United States AU- Force officer, who like tbe 2 other officers cited above had l)el:n a prisoner of war for almost 3 years, stated that The American, by Howal'd ll'ast, had been used.In his "~ndoctrin'ation" by

the Communlsts, ,:£6 contmue :, . , ' ..., '. .'

"C?ptain BEImY.·* *' '" And therewas a book (:bat I am sorry I can't remembel' the titIe;·whilfu· the Communists were'real1y pushtng a lot. It was written

by ViCtor Perlo,' He wrote that bODE. ..'

"Mr, C~EN~. Was it .American Imperialism?

"Cap~ai;n ~Y."~t is it.· '. .

"Mr. CAl'Il'ENTER. By Vidor Perlo?

"Captain BERET -. j"es."

As not~d above; Howard Fasrs The American.-and other works are ILWU 13W)k.,Club .seJectioDs. Victor Perll)'s American lmp'erialism has also been recommended and listed in the ILWU.Dispatcher with the rather inno-cuous de~ tion': "an economist's analysis of Amelican.investments throughout' the world and bow tb~y in.1l17eD:ce· the .ltves of American workers." Its true character as an attlt~ .on the' United States and its .support of the Soviet Union will be seen

in subsequent pages of this report. .

. It bas been Observed that the ILWU Book Olub is known to New York Collk munist Party headquarters-and not unfavorably.' According to the DailY Worker or MarchB, 1953 (p. 7), Saul Alitlsky's biography, John L. Lewis, was offered' by the newly organized ILWU Book Club. The Daily'Wol'ker.has been described variously by eongresstonet committees as "the chief journalistic mouthpiece of the, Oommuntst Party," and the "official Communist Party, U. S. A.,

organ." . .

AVTHoRS :REPRESENTED IN ILWU DOOK CliO» LIm'S

Individual books publicly:U offered for sale by the ILWU Book Club will be d1scuss~d later in. some detail. At this point, it ts'eonstdered highly iniQrmative

. 1; The JLWU Book Club, Lo<!111 142. circulates Commnnlst literature other than that Hated in the DIspatcher axld the Reporter. A noteworthy exslXlIlle is Born of the Pe()ple, It partlcnlarly .,iclou& and anti-AmerIcan book by LUis Ta.rue. convicted RukballlhsQ (Filipino Communtst gllllJ'rllla), leader now sel."nng It 12-yea:r 'Prison term in the Pbmppinea.

.. '

. '.: ' ;;":~b~~~:~'~~' E

'. '" to liSJ;.the·suthP,is.r.¥li

, 01' 'statUre iii" the I..J(,lIIl

. itallc letters bave. beel

.Tho!se marked 'w1th_ 0 "gi-e.ssional cotlllD.lt1

~ose with 2 asterlS~~ 10 or Dl(\re Co'!lmuDlst

*~~kY, Saul Austin, Aleine Bolton,'Willispn _(DI bolton •. Samuel ,) ' .. DaVidson, Basil

:nDs.viS, Jerople .' Fast, H fYWIJ,rd Feder, Sid and Turkus. Burton, eoa FcmfJ1', PMUp·S •. "'Ginge.r, .Ray ,

.BarriS, Mark

Rearr~n:ged, ~e auf . 'CO~Dl~nist f~rty mel '. Fast, nowaxd Foner" Philip S. :Marzani, Carl 'Perlo. Victor QuiD, Mike Starobin, Joseph

" steuben. John.

(Attehtion is ag~ . 'bave been publiely ld organizations. )

D~identified : .

Austin, .A.l~l.ne

_ Bolton, Willia~ ( . Colton, Samuel DavidsOn, BasU

. Feder, Sid and ~ HopkinS, Ernest ~ kinnaird, .Clark Jones, O. Garfield Lo-rant, Stefan. Travers, Robert

. The term "unidentif bY the commission,. hit ati(lns,. It J!lay be n.ol 'British sUbject, wh~~ bi.nd. ·AlthOugh he IS' his book is a·long and

There is yet anothel Book Club. This cODE to Ol'gani.zations rathl issued, sponsoJed, or

Labor: Research Asso(

California: '.

cftizens COIDlllltt(

Califolnians for t , Bill of Rights D~

New Republic magazll

The Lab!)r Researc) a bearjng before the 'search department .of 1 General as subversIVe .

The Citizens ComIm was listed in the .11 tb

!l UNITED STATES

lentified as having been memoks listed 1n later issues . give one, only one of these shown • it might have served as an . :est, without excepti~ti, parrot

with all of its vicious and

vide good, informative books, ~am which. is pre"d6minantly

tember 27, 1954, by Maj: \Vil~ ~ Communists, revealed that the ILWU Book Club) were

. Foster, of the United states, l a. large· number of books by

Irt on··the.lI.iW1! Bpok Cl~b, .ted by three selectionS, Free-

,other United StateS: Wisone1;,

28,1954: . . .

speak of, certain maga.zi.OOs· .. came tnto your camp?

tnd novels * ~ *. n .. .

~ .".': " ... , .",,"" . ", : ...... * .

i Fast~s Citizen Tom Paine ..

!~:.~t:·. ::L~~ :'~: .. ~ ;::«.~~.~ ... ::., .. :' .. ~' : .' . :: .. '

j b<foks;-lf:yoU' can;' Oaptafu? '. Jliil;la Fights Back. This •. I

Twilight of World CapitalI-Qward'Fast, we had •. ": .~" Force officer, who like the.2 U' foi a,linost s y~rs,'$ri:ed d··fn·:his ·.'indo~biliation" by

.... ' ",'

~t ~ am S01"I;'Y I Can't'remeqt~biIig. :a: l~t.. ~t was written

." .. ;.: ....

..... ,.

' ..

,~·~:~~~~r:~~~~:·a~~:dw.ri .:

[l~ri~liSm.. has' also- beeu-ree-

he rather innocuous descrip-' n~' :th't~ugh9U,f·#!-~.·· ~Q.1tf~·· .. ers," .: Its true .ebaraeter as .

ie Soviet 'Onion will.be seen

~ •• ' •• :.- .. ,,+.~ •

SCOPE OF SOVIET ACTIVl'l'Y IN '!'HE UNITED STA.TES 28~1

to list the authors, alphabetically, with distinguishing marks to show their place' or stature in the Oommunlst "literary" apparatus. Those whose names are in italic letters have been publicly i.dentified as members of the COIlllll.unist·_Party. Those marked with one asterisk: ha.ve been affiliated,' according to records of congressional eommlttees, .wIth one, or more Communist-front -organtsanons . Those with 2 asterisks have been affiliated, according to the same sources, with-

10 or .mqre Commui:tist-front ·organizations. .

*Allnsky, Saul HOllkins,Ernest Jerome

Austin, .Aleine **Hube.rman, Leo

Bolton, William (Dr.) J"ones,·O. Gal'1i.eld

. Colton, Samuel Lorant, Stefan

Davidson. Basil *Lowenthal, Ma.x

*"Davis; Jerome !.Madison, Oharles A..

Ji'a8t, H()W(f,Ta Afarzani, Carl

Feder, Sid and Perla, Victor

Turkus; Burton., coauthors Quin, Mike

Frmer, PhiUp S. ·.~t!Lrabin" JW6ph

. *Glnge,r, ,Ray.'· Steuben,. JaMs.

*Harris, Mark Travers,; Robert

· R_earra,nged, the authors Jiue up as :

· :C~mm~nist P~rty members: -' Communist-Fronters ~

. Fast, B;owa.rd . . . Minsky, SaUl

Foner,.. Phtllp s. .. Davts; Jerome..-. .. .,. .. -. :' "'.'~ ~'. .

}4arza,nl •. Carl,~:·.~.. :"< .. \," ". ·.-Ginger. Ray --: .

Perlo. VictOr ' .. ~',,, . Harris,'Mark .

. Quin, Mike . . ".~ .. J ~u:I:?e1"man, ~, r • ,.";., ' •• :' •• :"',.": .'

_' , Staro.bin,.Joseph ,,:: ":'~::-: .: .. :.: -: : . '"Lowenthal, .Max~·· i . - .

x .>, :'-::~~~.OO~ Jo~ :":." .; ':;:.'~/.-'-, ;:".~, :;,.:, ;'. ': )ladi~9Il;:' Clhit:ri!lS .. :. ~"':)' '.: '" : ~: -, :. (A.ttention ls agaiIt in:Vi.fiid to ;the'facdhat those authors liSteil dire~tly above have been publicly identified. with the Communist Party or 'Comrilullist-front

organtsatlons.) .

'.

~ '-. :

• ........ c·

':.' . .,. L,"',\

Unidentified !'

. Austin, .. :Al~ne .. , :. : '. . .' .:0' :Bolton; .William (Dr.) ..... \." .

.' 001t6n., Siuiluel' ..' . ~

Davidson, Basil. :" ' .. : .~ . .. : ..... -: ..... ' ..

Feder. Sid and Turkus,'BrirtOn(ci>authors) ~: , .. ,' .

:J:[opkiIls, ·Ernest det'ome '. ....., . . .. .

.. ~:s~Q.' ~~~d', ';:":':':<: '.',: - .. ;-.:-: :.~ : .v, :~ .. :.:';.'.;.::'~'::: ~;:~:" ,:f~;.:>~/j

. <··; .. J;;\~~~~·i~:: ;<>.~.; .. ,-:.~'J. ···.~:.·::···,:/.':~:::·:.·r~:;./~; '~>'i :·,~.:':~rl:.,/~·;·i:;;:·~'}~;.·, ,~.':/ ::;/4

.~ : ,The term "Unide'ntifiedH mew:tliat the fudiVidnals nazn:e<t 'as .far''HS.iei·JriiQwn· .

· by:ilie comml"ssion.'have not·:neeD."publicly ·identified -as having -, Com&tmiS£:~~

. ~ 'aHons.. It!p.Ry be noted here· tliat one- mlidentUled author; Basll.:Da.:ddsoIi,·:.j_s 'a"~ _ .:.\ C. ~ .'British· sUbjee!; "wh"OSe'book- DaybreakAn Cw.na. was;pnblishea::in"LOn:do'n;~..':;· . '": _ ' ::~,:ii" ~·':·land .. ,"-.Although he is :qnick to' state. ~ 'the . forewa.~d that h"ns 'D:ot7a' dOlll1iLumst;'·· .' ... '.'~' . 'his book is a 'l{lng and blatant·adulation of Red China and '~Iao ~tung~, :'" '.:'

There is yet another !!ategOl'Y':of(liteI:lltilre advertised .and SOld b-y~the'.ILW:U· .:

· Bj}{lk Olub .. This ~si.sts of, bOilks, booklets, or pamphlets whiehare.attributed·. ~.

to' Organizations l"atheJ:··th:n.nto:ln:dirtdual· authors, Five;·orgrudzations. have·! .... ' .. ': . ''-'::' .: of

!j~;=:~,~~'~-;":;~;;r',:~',:_~-~~:

'. :. :-. nnroe Rfgh~·.nefen!le."C9mmittee· . . "

New Republic magazine. . . .. :, !

>.''-'':'''*:~'''''' . .''

T •• _L

"',.

i·.··C!~,~?~i::.~{ t: >' ~:. ',::;i~;~;< .:C~,~, :i":;:<''-.:,';,)::'~~,<: ~.?",;.;,::.::.,'/::;.:"::: :::.">::, ~ .~;~_.... .; -; (/;,:<~:~ >, -: ,. .' 2822'·. 'SCOPE' OF~ SOv:rET <AC'l'IVITf:. nc;'THE ,U,!inTED STATES

.~:"':.~~r".'_~~:' r : :\~ .:~;_i_~:" ~!:',.;..~~ ~'~:' ... ~ -, '~~' ".'_" .'. :', " " '~." .. !, s : ',: ,.: ... : :~L."/', "~" ... ~ .. -;:. : :'i .. ,l,.: .... ,: .. : ... ~L~ .: ~~ :.

.... _ ._: ·.·;:)m· -, Edir,c:a!;i~ri. .(1953-)A.S:.i!._·!'Dew. fi;i)nt'" 8mop.'g ~~-do~a.tep.' aildQm:n!-' .

· DiUliiBt-inspired organizations, in !!outhern·Qalifornia. .. ..'.. .: ,

," : -. .... : ". ~~~ .Ne'Y)lepublic ,~g!lZiilEd~· d~~,aB;'fOll~W9:in .the. 5t1;l', ;teltOrt:p:L' '~e' .

. ,. . , ' .. SeiJ.!l~, F~c~diD.g· Committ~ on Un-A.meriean ..Activities ll ... ·califo~ (1949) :" ,.

. "The Nation and the New Republic have Iongreeords as liberal publications ..

They cannot be d~scribed as C<mlmllnist, but they· are so il;lfiltrated- with ~e '. ConnnUDist,Party policy .that tb~y ~ve the' interests of tJl,e ~iiJ.mlmistS .. and·, . eonruss liberals on: IDWlY issues, muCh more than do, some of "the Com.xnnnist publieatio.ns."

. CaliforxrlaDS for the Bill of-RIghts, of 435 Dnboee Avenu.e; San Frand8co: 17. -

. ·.Calif., was listed among,27 orgIDlizationl:J which·were notified. by AttorneY:Gen.

· eral Brownell on D~ember 30, 1954, that they were to be added to bls list ot .subversive o~izations on tl!.e grounds that they are Communist-dominated. '., .. :Bm,ot·Righ.t~ Defense Oolnmitwe; of 648.;Robinsan Avenue; San Dieg03iCalif.· ·:·Cannotbe'identliieti. '. . . >' .' .•.• -. , • ". '. :--' '.:' -

· .A.cco~fug .~o the above listings, the Ruthors break. down into: Communist Party members, 7; Communist-fronte!'9, 7: llllide.ntified, 10. By Organizations: -'-ColDIllunist,:l; Oommunist,tront, 2. 'others: (liberal snd unidentified), 2. Thus in the general catego.ry of "allthorship," including orgaalsatlons, a total o,f 17 ,flJiOWB affiliation, ~:a.grcii.ter or'lesser degr~ wi~the.Communlst farty. /Th<1Se , . w:dden:tl.fied number 12. . These statistics do not l!egm to measure the :Ilrepower

· of the ILWU Book Club's propag·anda. ForexrunPJe, Oommuntst HQWard Fast

· is listed as one author: but the ILWU BOOk Olnb has sele<iteQ and recommended '.

· ~3. of his books.· "The COmmunist~fl'Ont Citizens Conunittee,to·"PreseiYe·.Am~can ,.

· '. ~edoms, &ted as 1. 'Orgamzati~,. has beeIi responsible for 2 pampblef& " Propa-' -e, i . ..-' ganda methods;' and content of varlo~ ~ooks constitute fur't;b,er· variants.. TQ: . illustrate: the subversive propaganda dispensed by an unidepti:Hed -autnor may equal or exceed that of an identi1led Communist or Communist-tronter. Fo~ 'these reasons. it has I!een considered necessaiy to examine ea.retu~y and report

· on. each book, insofar a~ it is amUlable t.or- stu."y;·, '. , ,... ' . .' . ,.

· '. Before leaVing'the subject of authors, let us revert brle1!.Y to Hairy Bridges' , announcement of the fOl'lllation of the IL WU Book Club. The last paragraph

states· " .' .,

-, f:Tll~ ILWlJ ~ok Oiub was Set Up for the sole: nonprofit pnipose of b~g to tts readers gOOd informatiYe books by 'Writera deooted. to the cause 01 a4vanoing in many 'lD41/" the w.e"t/are ol.working men aM women evergwher9!' "[Itaiic -.

added.] ,

'Binee the works of "devoted writeJ'," Howard Fast, have been singled out for

! .• ". . recognition three times by the lLWU Book (llub (Freedom Rood,· The American, -"

j' \,. ,.,.., .' "Spaitil.cbS), "it is peItinent to examlile Fast's language and phllosophY as 'a}5plied' ,

, . :.' . t~· ~e. Government .of. the United. states. ' These are stated. in Ids :intrOduction ., . .: to '~'i~ entitled "Ten" Simple Facts" in the Communist SundaY'Worker of

. J~UIWIl'Y 31, 1954 (magazine section, }). 2). ' .' .' '. . ' ..

- .. : ','The:most'savage'irony 00: today's America lies in the fact that a 'Govermnent -, . in 'Washington, and the venal men who 'Serve it should be able to turn all vh-tue an~"mQrality into their opPOsites. Every ethical prop upon which this Nation·

was bnilt is being officially sheared away; good has become bad.' patriotism

· transmuted into treason, loyalty into subversion-;-and· all manner ·of evil :Into ,virtue. Thereby, the age of 'Truman and tbe -age of EisenhoweJ',' the age of Euden,;, and the age of ,Whlttaket Chambers, the age of the liar, the pimp, tbe

· U;1or.m.er, the.betJ::ayer-the age Of Walter Wm.chelland Senator McCarthy."

•• ,-?-

. -."

-.

. ~ ".

:..,--'

DEVELOPMENT.AND AO'l'rVlTIES OF 'l'RE n:wu BOOK CLUB

The following extracts from an article in The Dispatcher of July 10 1953 are quoted to show the ILWU's continuing officlal interest ln, and promotion of

the book qub :" '

"BOOK CLUB SALES AB;E BOOMING NOW

"The ILWU ~ook Club has been going for about 4 months. It hlLS·proved. to be a successtul venture. Over 1,400 books have been sold.

"Jack .London, American RebeZ bas been consistently the best seller D with the biography of John L; Lewi8 running a close second. TAe Big Strike a';d We Oan

Be Friena8 Rlewell up in front. * * .. .' ,

P'hnru1t will be reeaDed that this book was one of the four original selections Its author.

p S. FOllf'r. is an identified member of the CommunIst party. .

. <, "", •. : /,:~>.;i':<i-':('?':

· .,._ ·~The~~t.ia: r- ~

· . educatwn' or. pubUcj.

" , /..:!!.' a~v~ cj)~~~.' · ' "', ani'J,' fo eDllst, m~~ ei1~ set'i,p a. ZeM{n, Cfl.8.rlon group" to ~iB! . If is . not clear jut!"

l:L wu BOpkl Olub .p~ 18, 1953, when the .1:

, "the. DIspatcb~ 9.~o; ·:BOOks,forUmonisi:S •

. ;Jlicltl;.()n~o~. Aifi~ Jl,hn·L.~,.~ AIDeri.Ci1n.~~r'Lel 'The Big s.triJ:(e, ~Y ~

-". The' clrlef differen n.WU Dispatcher a: 1. Ameri~an Lab( .haS· been'substitu~eI , Conununist party. ]I '. 2. The .: pri~e of'M

. cents. . .. :

'. '3. TWo other ',list up-to:.aate liSt of b~ cl,ntainS .14 addit~o The "other'~ R. list SerVice, 451 Atkinl . titles. .. . ..

, - . ~The' ~am blibk Unsigned. but th'e t months' b~;re. . ':t; . thi'Qugh its edueati bny1D.g slk'vice,for David Evans ThOI

ILWU bOnght 10,0 through the HaWE pamphlets were de bi "the ~9n to it retained bY th~ pa " To sb.I>w thIl:t, tlI:~ nsblllent of union. of The Di,spatcher , ''Tl.!e :n.:WU Bo; Local 142 (HawaJ Territorial local E

''Twenty book ( 'Will cost $~.10, 0: them. from their cb3Sed by'each ill

Twoinonths la1 item under the be "The Koloa Un recently. Invita' munity . .., * *"

u"A study of C, allows tha.t in tnos tlODII, the 'develoPI eftect1valy througb discusSion grou~.tI

Enrlv dIscUSSIOD isslled by Internat selections emanate professional. ASlloci tional politi~s. ant Book Club group "II Goods, A:01erican l win 'automatically line.

72723-1$1-

SCOPE OF SOVIET ACTIVITY IN THE. UNITED ST.ATES2823

ITTED STATES

"The. essential ingredient of a successful campaign to sell the books is a ZDca~ education or publicity committee which takes a real interest in the book club, An active committee will lind all sorts of ways and means-to advertise the books and to enlist interest. It may plug the books in the local bulletin 01." U mig1l.t e'IJEm set up a lending library. Most 'VtUua1JZ8 mlg1l..t be the inaugurotion of Iii&-

CU8siOtj groups to di8cuu.tlte book seleclion!':IlI {[Itanc.s added.]· .

It is not clear jnst when Hawaii local 142 became officially involved in the ILWU Book' Club program. Loeall42's publicity did not begIn until November 18, 1953, when the ILWU 'Reporter carrfed a fUll·page spread similar.to .that of the Dispatcher 9 months previously. -The headline .was: "Available Now'--Good Books for UnIonists." The photographic layout showed four books:

Jack London, .American Rebel, edited'by Philip S. Foner ..:..: $1.00

dOhn L. Lewis, an Unauthorized Biography. by Saul Alinsky____________ 1.00

American Labor Leaders, by Charles A. Madison____________________ 2.75

.The Big Strike, by Mike QuiiL · .; __ .; ;,.~ ..• 10

. The. chief diffexenees between this intrOductory offer and .the firBt; one in :the .

ILWU Dispatcher are: ....., " !:.... .

1. "American LabQr Leaders, by Charles ..A.. Madison (it CommuniSt.;fro~ter) b'as been substituted for We. oan Be Friends, by cad Ma.~ (iden~ed·,as:a

<,' .... cCommmiist Party member). . . .' . ..' . .", ; " . . .

2. The price of·Mike Quln's The Big Strike has beencut'fr<im OO·cenaf.to',lO

cents. . .- ~. .

8. Two o1;her lists of books available appear on the' I!am~' page.. .. .(>ne: 1s- t;he .: up-to-date llilt of'bookS available ftom. the .b:ihln·.book~~ .m.San 'Fr~C(j; and .. cantains 14 additiOnal titles (includ.ing. We Can ~e "Frien~.:rdentiOIl.ed:. 8bo~)... . , The other "is a·list Of 'additionat bOoks 'available from 'Local'142:: E(lilcatlonaL - "".' ... ; .. a'ei-Vi~'451'AiJqnson:'D1ive, ·'Ho:D.OlUi!l-. '-$hl$ ~ppleili~tiUj ·lliIt·.~n~·~4re. :'.'.,: r , ••. :: ' ..

.. : '. }~~~ ,~$.~ ·~~~'·~~i·' ·~~d~~~~~t··i~ t;;~~:";~J~~ '::r¥~:·;~tJri~~~/i~·"·· :.:~>' .. ,.;

unsigned, but the text. in the main, is 8; paraphrase of Bridges' statement of 9 .

months before. The second paragraph. however, states, in 'part":. '.'Local 142· '. thtQugh its education. (lePar~en:t has for arverSl yeaFB pciformed'a. similfir :lK)b~~ bnying Service .for its members," (The education depw:tin~~ is.now. h~~e4 I!.Y' "

David . Evans Tfiqmpson; an identified CoIllDillniBt PartY member. _ '1I(194!T- J;lit!, . .' c

.IL"WQ' hQilght :1,0,000 c~Pi.es of iL PrunpWet en~tled·,"~e.:Red. Bal~-Ra;~~' " . ~. ".:., throug~ ~e ~waiiCommuniat.Party!s 1itera~~ ~parttn~t.,,¥o~t . .'~~;Ql~e. :: :,_, '.

· . ',~phlets were delivered ~ theIL~by the.'Hawatl.Pat!~:>:~d·W.~"clr.~~~ ':.~' .. ~. "

· .. ,by:th6 untonto its lllemberlilhip •. ~ A :PO.rtlon· o.f these:palnph.lets··were-,.hoWever. ' ..

r- .. retalnsd by the party and circUlated by the party appar~) .:. i • t. .... -

., .. ' TOslJ,owtha.t.~hesuggestion (or:difectj.v~) fro~.~~cls"o.~ga.x::~,~b-·,. - .':.~ '.. . .', ':lls~ent .of·~o~ 1ibJ;ati.~ w~ not dis~prQ.ed,.~. item: iIi.tb~:APrir~,:~, .. ~ ' .. ' ... , =::,

. . of ~e Pi,spa,ti!her •. date~ed San Fr~cisc.o, *~.:;~;:,;::; >:'. ·,:·li~·.:' :.':,~ ,:!.;,' .• ,'.y. ,,!,' :.::,t ... ,,·: ••. '

· .... :': ~'T~e.:IL:WU Bo_qk:Cl~b'was r~:rm~;lll,.St.:w:~:tPa:t:by"~~U(jnc·~:.~~~u.:.:W;p.; '." ',.:~:: ~Loca1: 142 (Bawau), conyention, It was ~!).~~ll~Eldth~t ~ch.llnl,t-m:· .~.e;big·", :-.:., .... ..

, :Terril:91:iallOcal.set up a Ubr3J.'ly·for its ;W.eD:!.JJerllbip., : :', ; :., .... ":': .r .' i. "'~ .. -;' .. ':;--

.. <'TWenty book cb~b books ww;e recomm..e.p,~:.t(t~I;.· ... ~<:li::yilit;liln'a&l,JU~lid!, :.: .. >_ .'

COl;!t. $24:10;. or·,Si. tot;aI. of~ ~;. ;l)iI~.$',alo .. ·U~e· ~,9il,.:wP.l!l)lf 1!hl~~~lljq#Q.W, .: >'~;" . .

"':',"~ .... ".'- 'frOm -tlieir unitlilnaiies;' and" as "new' bOOkS: ·ar·e :·ad.doo· tliey,wl_.ll:OO 'pf.tr:. . , '.' .' ,

chased by eaehunlt, * * *" , . .., ' .. :." . ' ... '" .. ".:., , .... y",: "

. TwQ montna latei: (;rune 3. 1954), ·the CQmnipnW- B;onolulu Recol1I catrl.~ ... an .~teD1' under- the·heading. ~'Kami,i NQ~'~, whicll state.d·:,.'.f"':'_ '.,. ;: :'. .' ':"i-:'- ,:~t ./! ',I .. ,. ~<~: •. _ . "The K"oloa.lJni9I!, Ll~rary M8~ed,. by. S~t~{!elQ ~ .. ~~~.S9~e goO!t:.~. ." ,'.' (;,~~.: .. :.I.I!.vlta~o~!l. to::I:. l()~~ ,;Qf.:1;4!! .. b90ks;.,,~: ~ ... , ~~'4~:" .~.'-t!q\cOpi..> ;:.~: ''';: .

;.~~~~ •• ~'i *'~. . -+, . '. ..' .:. ':_, :':~., .~.: :~-~;-;-.~. ·:·::~:··.:·.·:~~·~:-:':fi:~-:".:.:;:i;·~··" \-,'

dst-domlnated and oom-

in the 5th report of the ~ in California (1949) : ~ as liberal publications. , so infiltrated, with the of the Com.uw.ni.sts and some of the Communist

'enue, San FraJieisco 11, Dtified by AttorneY Gen. be added to. his list of )omm,onist-dominated. enue, San Diego 3,. Calif.

down into: CommnDist

10. By o.rganiza,tiOll9:

_ ·uriidentitfudl. 2. Thus' .nisatlons, . Ii'total 01:11 ~mm.unist Party. Those

o measure the firepower ommunlst; Howard'Fast ectad and reeoml:n.ended

!e to Presel'Ve American or 2 pairipbJe~ . '~ropa-: e further ,~ian.ts.. To"

~;f~~~i.~.~ .

.ne cai:eflilly. and repiJ;rt ._

~i~fIi·~~~·tzaf~ ~~i ..

lb. The last paragraph

'ofit pu.rpose of briliging .. to the ceuse of ad~a:~

m' 6'D6rywhet:'e:" lI;taliC:."· .

rve been swg~ '~~t for _ .' m: Road,· The::Amerlcan;

ld philosophy 81:i"applied" lted in: his lntro~lJ.ction nist Sunday -Worker of'

","" "-. Or' ...' ....

fact that;:a ~~ent . 9. able' to .turn aU virtue ' lPon whf.ch ~·1!{a.tion~ iecome bad, ~tri6~m

,,11 manner. '0;1: evil,.intO . llisenb.ower;-·jiie,' 8.8'tl' ;of·· '. , the Iiar, 'the pimp; 'the Senator McCarthy.'~· .

B~bX CLUB - .. ' "'0'.. '.'-'. -,'

tclier.· of ·J~:lo;;:i9a3.' 'st ·m,.:a'n:d ·PrOni~~*':~f

W· ..

. . ',~ " ..

ntbs. it ~ p~ci~ed. to 1~·~iiSt\~~.~~jti~~~·.·: . llig:8tfflCe'alid We qan

0~0Irl:r

~. ~'.' ' .. :':~" .: /.0.- ",,:.-.,' .~.'~~;,:.~.:; '. ':;'.:;<~'.j~;~~'~"':; :<~~;: .: :':~"':';/);X ,;'{;:;.~~./;;> .

·'Zl~z,:f.~··' SCOPE' OF SOvIET ':ACTIVITY ·IN. THE ",UNl'rED 'STATES"· ' .: ,.".

L."'_:-~} .:(::~~.~~.~:.:~ .. ; ..... '~ .. \" ,r' .... : _ ••••• ,:", _ : •• t-~":'- .;.'. "', .... - .• ,:'''L~~ "'>:;:"~~!.'-'.:.: .....

",' .~~: .. T.he·:ftem·,llstedo2fbookS. 'at-Iea'Sf; 14 of wincli 'have. been tidv~sed'

", .. '. :' -·j.i,wu 'Book ffitIb in' isslieS ·of tM lLWU 'Repi'ider\alid the' DrspatchM.,"··'~~i>l:v"',;~S

. of the bo.oks have been examined and reviewed })y this commiaslen, and are listed

,c' :,', <~~~~~tqi~~~~~?~r ~~t~~t~l?i~~fer~a~~~t<,;,,·'::t~t \~}:_:,~~:~·t:>~/> .

. :'. ." <, .. ~.~~G ~~~, !DS;r~BU~~ '~y ?c6 .~QAL. ·142 .. R~TSi.<.;-;">.': <.

-; "Si:rieel::i'lIilitS" of local i42:bave established lending' librarieS; as reeoinr.ilended .in ~e ed:ucation report Of the local convention. Designed to make gOQd res,diIrff .. :: :avai1abl~.to"our members, tile·libraries are -stocked witll.'books·oll, rabor.'history,.· I, problems and personalities in the Iabormovement.iand 'other issues of importance ~.' ·to ILWU members. In addition there is a liberal sprinkling of gripping novels. ". Theiibraries"now boast a selection of.24"title.s, including most of ~o.se.li$ted Jjy . . : ·:tAll.:t-=,WlJ B6QkGIu.b• ',": L •• -r .: : • .'~: _". :~.\ .... .: ,,: .. ,.~" >. ; .'..... ..C':',·':·: .;j:;,.~~.'.~~':'_'o' . : l'J1iiit llbi'arl~ have lleen'selected to.eare for the books and enconrage'tl).eir· cifc:uIatioD. T:O asstst them in their job, the local education department. has SUpplied tHem with complete librarians' supplies, and' prepared all bo~ks with·

file cards. ", .

. . ."U~, purchase the books from the local . ..New. titles are added from .time

"', ito··tii;rie,by . .tb.e'.eihication dep·a.rtIDent.· .Latest .titles~·to. ·beo·.added to'the-llntarteS': .: '.' 'are The 'Sou.~pa w; by Mark Ha"rris, a DQvel about big ::teague' b!lseball~ lind' FDB' .'·QY''StefaitLOrant, &_,yirtd piSlture bisto·ry. of .the great.;President and What the'

New Heal meant to .Alirerica's common man;" .', . . . '. : . -:: ..

, \. , ·~:C~2·:·:+:/:{:·:··> .':" .0 .THE Bo~i~"1N~:'~~ AUTHOBB. .: .... :. ;.~ ~.>"':'>/"'" ... , .: ',:._. ", : .. ~. :,,:'~e:01ciJioWing·ls;a::list:Of·bOoks.and''JiaiD.pbleis· ~hich ha~e 'lie~re~~~ed ~~ ..

'~.~' .·!ee?:D;iriiend~d 'b;y ILWU . Book Cl)lb.):umilqu,arters in San ··Fr~D.cisco. dllIing tl:te

! ':.,' . :penod' Feb'tJlary 13, ·1953 to September 17, 1954. After- the original 4-book aii-

· j-' ,p.o~Cem~l!t.Md~tionaLboo~ .. haVe l.leen.lillted 'QD;m:a,!,erage '0.:( t·per month: .

'.).~.~'.:'.:.,>:",,:: " ~ ?'EiosKbooks:whichbave:been.dropped'()l;-ijm.itted lil: the i:·Oprse.of·tl1is·is.;in:oxith·· .'0

. . . ·,p.Ii:r.l()'I1: '#e ~ma,k,ed ~th 'an 'asterisk: . TPer£i:"iS_ :probabiyno· partiewar·:¢.gnifl.-·

',~ll:e: to .. tl:lese .omissions. One '. b90~ . .the· .. .Mooney . Case, by Ernest . Jerome, . ",: .: ; . Hoj,ikiD.l3, w~ orlghially announced as bemg:. aVailable ol:iiy.in a limited slipply-

'_1. - about 100 eopiee, . . .. '

. '*Tlle-iBig Strike, by Mike Quin (later 10 cents) :.:. __ ., .: '$0,50

J.:ohn L. Lewis, an Unauthorized Biography, by Saul Alinsky___________ 1.00

l . We Can Be Friends, by Carl Mar:,%wL______________________________ .75.

1 :' " ~' ~ 9'"ilek' Lo~dollJ American. RE;:~, edited by .Pbllip~.Et -FoIi~r.:.·-.:.-~..:.-:.: .... :--·-· :.:..~ - .: .. 1.: 00 ' .......

\ .. ' ...... :;. . ".. ..:Man's Worldly .G'oodS;:·bY Leo'H~.l)erirul.n:..:~:,.;....:;.:.·~-;~ ... -..:.--,:,-:.:...:.--::.-:...:.~.:., ;L~OO '

· . - ,,-. , ·1tftitder~ IDC:.~ by'Sid:-Feder and ~ Burton Tur~_-::.::..::..'~:.-~-.:..----·...:-:~..:.:.!..:.-.:.~· :':';"~ 40

, I . . A ·Fruier8.I for 'Sabella,: by Robert Tr~Vel"s------..:------------.--'---:.....:- 1. 00

· j' ... ' . :F •. 1;>. R .• a. Pictorial Biogr~phy~· by Stefan ·w:r:ariL_._·- . ..:._:.._..: __ -----:.....:.:.::.:. . ..50

· r': .'. '. '. ,,*~li(f,1WIil· F:'Di R.,·ediied:bY blRtlt·1llirD:itirlL.!.._:.. .:.-.::_·.:..:: __ .. :.:.::. :.. __ " . ;'50

. ·FteE!doin Road. by Howard Fast.. :..._:... ..: . 75

·The American, by Bowatd Fas~;..--.:-----~-...:..----.:--~--------~-----.:.:..- 1.'00 ~SPartac~. ~Y H<?vr:ard' F~:--_:_:,...~--::'.7----:---::"------------------.:. . . 75.

··TlieBendiDg CrOSs, by Ray Gmger __ ;.:._:..;....:. ..:: ~· .75

Americlln Labor Leaders, by Charles A.. MadisoD .:.________________ 2.75

Peace, War, and You, by Jerome Davig :. ~ . I; 00

~eric'an . Imperialism, by .Victor Perlo_'-'_~_:.. __ .:. :.. · _.:.._ .. , 1.00

The FBI, by Max LowentbaL .:.______________________ 3,75

*Repol'tof tM Kefauver Crime Committee' (pamphlet) _.:. __ . .-------___ .10

Courage Is Contagions (paxupblet)_:... 'o~5

McCarthy Report Pamphlet ~_________________ . 10

Labor Fact Book XI, by Labor Research AssociatioD..._________________ I, 50 *The Mooney ~se, by Ernest Jerome Hopldns_________________________ '1.00 Daybreak in China, by Basil pavidson______________________________ 1. 50

The Southpa~, by Mark lIarris ~ 1.00

Wbat.ToDo Until the Doctor Comes, by William Bolton, M. D_________ 1.50

Smear and Run (pamphlet) ._______________________________ .05

lo/ewitness in Indochina, by Joseph Starobin_ "'" ~_..:. __ .:.___ 1: 00

As noted previously, Hawaii local 142 began publicity for its own book club on :r;ovember 18, 1953. Issues of the ILWU Reporter during !;he period November 18, 1953, to October 20, 1954, have carried, in addition to the San Francisco ILWU Book Club list, a supplementary list of books available at local 142 head-

f".:

. f." >

!

.: l::~ '. oJ,' '.

, .

:

.;

1

. .'

-: .. ~ ..

1. The Big ~trike, ; Tbe 'original am

'.' of course .: ~efers t ·geJlEwal. ··st:ril!;e . .8.11;0 in .reporting a pn< said, in. part: "Tt which' ILWU was 1 "Llsted under ,"b:

(195_4t~a~-citeul , .. MikiirQUlll, ·.alS! umtiist for the WI . tiDed 'with-'severa . 'people'I?:w~rld;91

Foster; ::.;ta~9n9.\'> - miIDist. party;. 11 . Peopl~.s ,~QI;'ld 0:

. -, :>····l'·T·".·

·S. 'Jokn.L -, Lewis, Tms' bOQ~ on ~ M·iJl.e· workers d author gener~lY . and.cb,araet.e:1~e ': :Vloli1.t~o:n of ~vil,.'< ' .. ;In(follOWinI

'aefiedA.he 'Piesii' Alinsky cites on

"'chi~of th~.UM - .Dcl.aD:O ·l,lOoseve sition to COlllmu

. Saul Alilisky· born 1909. in C1 saulAllpskY 'as munist· franter, BO:rJ;!. He."wRS . tion, 'C1ii~go,

(witb'Which' tl and communisi Un-American .b in the United S

s, WeGanBeJ

A book whic the Soviet Un' the ·united Stu theU. S. S. R. irig it a murdel

A.dvertised 1 16 1953; in ( "Carl Marza: ployee a~d ic S-year prISon

"'--::~-~:-:-::::=:'::-:'-:'7'c~<:~;.::-,".,-:-,-~:o,~:,;-~--.::<'?;:"'~:~~~';:%-~J2~0~~~W.f%~~~iS~~o/.111t~~~~~:~~~~~~~c;'-'::-.c~'·~- ':'-"'_" --- .. ' .

... _·c_:'_~..:.~,.",·,.,·._,._:=.~/ . .-:' r : .. ;;-:<.~~"'~~;;:';~':i.~,s,·':::ic..:.~;.:':,::,"'-: .• ~~.;:,.;.~,,;;;~:"~::2,,'i..;.~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ED STATES

aeen advertised by the ae Dlspateher, Twelve 1llliSS:ion, and are listed rt.

r.. 142 UNrI'S

:acies,' as recommended I to make good reading books on labor historY, .er issues of importance ing of gripping novels. most of those listed by

IS and encourage their

. cation depru;tmeot. hag repared 8.l.I. books with-

. -..

I are added from· time '.~dded· tothe libraries gue baseball, and FDR resident and what the

j': : ", ,:-r -. ". ' .. ' ':., z-. .. ' '"

.::.' ';.' ;' , '.' ;:

have 'I;li!eri ·reviewed - or ~:Ji'i:~il~Q :4~in~' .. ~J?~

he . orJ,ginal -4-iiook :an-

eraga - of 1 Per month. oursa of this 19-month. no, partfeular. signi1ise, by Ernest .Jerome· z.tn a limi,ted supply", -

- ..... , " - -" ..

SCOPE OF' SOVIET ACTIVITY IN THE UNITED STATES 2825

quarters on Atklnson.Drive.~Hon:olulu. These have been consistently 5 in num~ bero'with only 1 replacement or substitution.

Parliamentary Procedure at a Glance, by O. Garfield .rones~ ..;. $2.· 00

The Labor Story, by Aleine AUStiIL_- :...::-'-__________ 1. 25

*Sag!lS of Struggle, by Samuel Oolton, __ ,.;_:. .: __ :... .:.:.. :.. '-'. '15

Robert's Rules of Order____________________________________________ 2.. 00 Man's Worldly GoOdS, -by Leo Huberman (J'apall:ese translation) _-_______ 1,' 00

Strike Strategy" by ,John Steuben ($1.09), replaced Sagas of Struggle;which was no longer available, in the .July,at, 1954, issue of the ILWU Reporter, and still held the same' position in the list as of October 20,1954,

A brief evaluation of each available book and its author is- submitted herewith for information_ In general, .the titles are In the order of their appearauce in succes"sive issues of The Dispatcher.

. ILWU BOOR;:Cr.UB BELE_CTlONS

1.. The Big Strike, by Mike Quiti ... .. . _..

Tite. original announcement in the IL-YVU ~porter. !3j;at~d : "'.1:'hls b.09k!~. title, of course. 'refers to tlle 19.34 'west coast longshore strike. tbatdeveloped. ~nto. a

gen!:U"a~ strike and sjJ.ook thE! entireN!ltion.'~ . The D~patcher ot .[u!z ~,19~. '-

in reporting a pri~e reduction -for QuiD's book, "owing to special arrangementS/"

said, in part: "The Big Strike is the.~ss~c book on_ tp.Et great &tI'1l_gg~~ o.ut 9_f· .> .r: , whi?b ;rr.WU was born, ap.d con~ains ·~l1cb.-.-of· t,he.~r1y'bistQry- ()~ ·.~e,,~i~~'~ .:.:~ :~':'::.:: , . Listed under "iiarga~ lJooks" in CommunISt Work~s 'BQoksho'p' h'Ohday 'Beasolf_~

· ~.~~fik;Q~~ir!g;:}:e:~~~iili~: RY~"1W'ho~ 4icii,~hti~?,.~;{J.~1~· :::. -,.,'~~:::- ..

·u~t '_or. the,·w:est:COli,st·Commll.niSl; ~aily:::I>eople's .W9tld;.·lp1d htUl :I:!e'en:~td'~:.l, .: ,,:.~_ . . ., t1fted-witb:--'several" COnuD.l1nist··fr;onts..···Qn the. occaslon -of his' 'death, ·.the -DailY"-'

'. People's World of August 18, 1947, carried messages of tribute from William Z ..

Foster, national chairman, an~ Eugene Dennis, general secretary of the Coni-_

- mtn:ii.!\t Party. Unit~d St~tes .of. America, --_ A mamorial : a.rti~le· ·in-:- the:' Daily:': ' People's World of January 2, 1953i:Spi,mkS of him' as a wtiter"and a Commm:ililt. '

',: - _,. (~-~' ". -:, - \_.:'",. . "_ - . '-' .• <~. .: ' .. --: .+.: :<.' ~:;~ ;,:.;.t(,"<.::- .~ .: z:

.. reo John L:.L6W1JJ, afl, Unaut1J.oNooc't.Bwgrapky, 1J'g' BaiaAl~7/,8lW· '" ,. '_" - ..... ;.·--.'v ," . - -. '-: .

....: . ~~ ·l.lf)Qk. on, ·the :lluShy~;6rQytM ·8,n«:l.nop.~.G~m~~s~. pre~i9~nt. Of)h~)jDl~~~ .'. -~ .~ .: - lWP-~ Worker~dQeE! J:lQt- carzy 1;lJ.'l:. ~romt,IP.~ .. F~r~· ;tgt~('p.~_:.~ei:.~:~~~~!~~, tD:~ .. :. ':: '«'. ; Q..1itl;l.or'·.genel:a.lly -. :pl~B'; do~ or igb,orefJ' the.:&l.lby¢s_iY~: ~ec~;~f: CO~~j' .... _ - ,.-_':

.. ' and eharacteriscs Governnient countermeasures 'as hysterical :feat and'sbame;fur' _. .

" .nQlationofcivilliberties. _ ' . ," :- . . - ", '."-:, :i;',' _ .

· .. .: - In ,folloWing the .career. of ..ToM. :t.: LewIs, .. w~o {In ,;variQUs :;occg:si0i!S: lias: .: :-

·defi~d;the'President. Members o{'Gong,ress; and-~e cotir~-of tti~.!Uriitea Statesi~, ','

· - Alinslry cites onlY two major points. on which he was in. dis~ent·-With~.1;he.· .v-, t: .' . .:

-. 'chief Of' the UMW-his isolationist ·.stand in'1941, and ·hi~: break :wi.t~ ·-li'riuililln r ~ .:, ,

- :-Delal!.O RQosevelt.. _poincidenj;ally.;,Le~!s' position o_.n-.those issue~ was, in: opp{i= __ ...

'. sttton to'CoDlDluilist'Pa:rty'policY'ofthe"tiine;,' - .. '-'.' '. -. c, .':- . ~,.,.'" '._.:".-' , ...• _ .

· "'-.: ·.:Sa~ ,Minsky is lis.teti. In.- WhO't;:}WhO ~ Amei'icl:\- 'f(lr 195~a_ as a,gOCio.lO~St;._: '.' .', : i " bom :_1909. tn- Ohicag9.' ~E¥ Oo~~t. _l)~;:W9J:k~~."9f Ap,ru-.6,;1900;·~nsIlW~i ,,:-,_. }:',: .

· Saul Minsky 'as' one of the'sponsors- of a dinner fot: Pearl Hart, notoriolis' Com-- ,. munist fronter, arranged by the Midwe§t COmmittee, for Protection of Fore~ga Born, Be was identified. ip. this source as ehatrman, Public Housing ASsoci,a- .

· -tton, 'Cliicago, Ill,' - TM'"A'.in.erii:im. CoIn:(ilitwe for ·Prote·(ftioIi (jf Wi:eigif BoiiJ.·

the has-been <:ited as subversive"- .

Cd:iiriIiWllist: . 'tliltaP"eclai U6mmitt't'ie1diii '.:,'

auXiliaries·: 0:( ~e·:coni~Wiist:;f.~tf· . ,,:' ,.

·'····,~·;·:~~:·28&.k. s~im'~,~i.~;'~~~_E~-.'AmiVtfi~~~·.:,~:·· -, ~~~:··,~'rA~~·.~~:~: .

. ' '. ~:.-:.'?< ::',:~,:~~erieI;npi~yee oHp.e:JI~p.~iul1i.~GO);d:~ Elpili!l O>:Yad;rQ;.;WhO is A.!~jo~~:: . .' ... -, ..... ". edi.torl.a! .. assi$.nt -b.l ;the.]l.qbliea,p.<\n .. ~1; <~. ~,gyuna,; thf IJo_~o' ;eountei:_P1tJ:;:t:" '.

, o:tthe·Record:- This is in addition to ·his.duties as -editor. 9fthe Filip~o-·~e}'i7s-; .. "2:

,,::. . l~t~,andafl ap\wl.q--rel~tioDS.empJ.Qyee o~.the ILWU- .' .. .. , '" '. : .:-'. -: ,"

.: . .: .. ~ .' y._:Xhe:RfCord'!'! fw~re~ ~yline;d;.coritrt:Qp.tors ~.1d~tifiedJ1Qni!ri~;"',;i?~~.::':.' ~s'Frank Marsl1Ml:Davis, who pnbliShesa.week!y .column of·comment·o-n;:Wlltica:t: '.

. ·:.and, .. soeiat' questions. The other is Wilfred M. Oka;. who writes a cOltnnn:.of

·.:.·,.Sp9rt;:r;J.ey;,s.·~;:' :. ' .. -: .,:. '--".:-:' _',.,.;.," ; :' . ~-. ";' ... ",.,.,.;.! ·'·:':~':'_"'';:·:i '.

. _ The pClpal repOrter of the Honolulu ~ec()rd.ls Edward Rohrboug~ whose.· . ' history was detailed in the Bou,se Com~ittee on Un-American Activities 'rePort '.

on.the "Record: as follows: .' -' . .

"Edw~d RolJr:bough, who Iias_aI8o contiibufedarti~ to.sueh outright":dO!ri-. munist publications on the mainland as the Dally Pe'opIe's world .and tblle' New.'" 'M;~-:: ~e.Dally·People·s World is cited as tIl.e official organ of the Communist ' .. '" '.' .:' p'arty ,OD the west coast by tbe .SpectaJ,. Committee on. tJn~Americ·an. Acti'vities;, • the committee. cited New Masses as the nati{Ill8l1y' cil'colated weeklijo-QrnaI,c)f .. ,

_ . ·of .. the Communist Party. Former Attorney General Francis Biddle'aISo cited :.-' .

New MkSses M a Communist periodical.'. - . . . .

'1fi'. RohrbOugh was a speaker at the California Labor School, cited as sub-

. y.er¥3-iye ang Communist by Attorney General Tom Olark. Mr. RohrbOugh in . . . -. - .. 19i8·and.1949.-was listed as.aconsultant to the .Committee for a Democratic Far

. Eastern Policy, ~ted as .Communist by Attorney GIDletalToni. Clark:':' . :. ~ ..... : r . ·Y:<F·'

•. "Dn~ing the "l!at·Mr. Rohrbough served in China asapress correspondent and .' .(;!mploye~ of the Office of War Information. His writings ill the New Masses ;.': .. ,:~~·tpE\;J)~'.People~s World, .rily.eal-.that.he:is to c()mp1ete sympathy wii1{the ..... : .... . ., ClPneEle,Communi$ts w~o, HI. Robr~ugb~s eyes, are liberating Chbla·and.~,. '; .~>. , deino"cracy,to that land .. '. . .... .' -' '. -.' . ,'. . i·.,;;!1'

· . J'Mr. 'lWhrboug1i's ':Wlfe,' Jeanette Nak'ama RohrbOugh, has been identified as -: -. :_";":, 'an. active Communist Party member by five fOrmer Communists ,who ieSiified -v: ".:;.~ .. be1'J;l~e a subcommittee of the Committee OIl Un-American Activities In Apl'ill950."·· · The office:rs ortne Hollolulu Record pUblishing·Co., J_,-td,,,as of August 81, 19M

were: .' • ::->:

.... ", ~ji .Ariyoshi, president

". .::, ..... :R.·J •. B9,k~ .. vice president.· '. . ·,]ldward Rohrbough, secretary-treasurer

, .. -, Yu_go. Okubo, dir~tor L

. Emilio C. Yadao, director

-" ,Sh1zUko Wakidarl'O' director ..

, .. Jtphrbou~ is ~e prlnclpalstockholder, havirig in his name 7,361 of the 8,356

.,. ~~;~\l~!J:.,~l,E!S •. ~j;b, 1I,.~lU: yalv.e,o:t.$36,~.; O~ tb.is"he ~as,pai!1 in $?,OlO, .

.,' ._. .' _D.urm~ the -year ena~g A~~ 31; 1954, the co@rati~n.$o~ed,. a.'PJ;:Q1it··after "

' , taxes ~f· $1,795.90, which redueed- ihe deficit ,of, the corporation to $4,300:08. . ''''.'''' ' .• r:·

· Tlie corporation'e Income, as shown,in its statement, wss'{jetived':as folloWS: <.

.r , L

19M

Ithough the 1954 income was only about $300 less than 'the 1958 income 'the. a ?v~. fi~res show ~at subscription income ~creased in 1954, wher.eas:' job-=-. pr nting IDeo-me dropped sharply, and advertising was off slightly, HoWever' in

1 .!I, some 62 candidates for public office advertised in the Record, as agabiJt 8; tot of {)Illy 3& candidates so advertising in 1952.

.' . e:circulatIon of the Honolulu Record is estimated to be about 8 500 per issue

whil that of Ti .MangyuIia is about 1.500.per issue. _. • . •

. A,lthoug!I the. story' o~ how the Oommunfsts fOUDQ,ed the HOllOlulu'Record was': du~cussed In thia eommisston's 1953 report; new information on this subject has been received. A former official of the Communist Party of Hawaii has given the

follOwing Information under oath: . - . .

,. Shl.zulro Wakida is J~ck Deniebi Kimoto's sister.

· .. ·q~;~~·\·,~·~!;!~::·.:·~:~W~~fl>~~;: .

:t,: :':'\~IIJ!lJ!!:"~9481,Wetiit6l: " .: .: : :f~r~~ flIf.iliO'...,~·ce:aJ ' ... pa~. "SbortiY.~E

: ' ,::.' .boa~~,·~hi.!!hJnclllded ... ', .. ';' KifOOf93 .WIlS: its,;ilrat':

, -~awaii·Star. under"C( l'!ll'~y ~tockbolders. w . J)i1Di~ iEntlliqr.,pu PIU'ty.liile Or issues' it;

• in English was aecid~

.' :'~ par~ groups,w :~urq.·9f: 10 Shares were issued by. ·the 'p' ho14ers. , .A~ ~t;ill a llt issued· to: ..... :-..h.. ....~

::':: .Ad~~onHlstbclt ~~;fu

, leftiSts; .with :care tlit baste 'tactic of a. mass I in ,part;y han~s,. howe"

Subscription quota .S\l~iption ~~,!,es.WI Pa.n.)'.; Einphams wac .. !'In 'lI:ddition to the' .m~. llSSlgJ,Unents· were :the·:press commiSSio" , ti~. ,and lil$O iot' tb:i when' eaCh edition 'wez

--; - . .:~~. 'primaljr. 'soill'c

~en:Ptid~n 'fund; and "8 .. ceeor s operational e Th.e .ILWU Reporter' 9 the Job printing' and: I

for the.necord. .

:'~:~.'aPI a: ~pmo. snpp~~'eiii ScnptUI.J;l,~~eS. Were' ,0: : .. ~e . S8.I!l,l!' .f9l'rilei. ·.Ot continued 'CommuniSt (

"During Ap:cll of 195 .1W,u. .. ~; convention .

. ' the Dii~I-;":-P"· . -'1 F'· ...... 'I'U' " , ......... ~. ~ ~s 'YYO

.VQmm~-'pj "'W' U·"

res'~nlfeni 'faf~"D'a' lead' . ,

b· , ... J:F.'Oj.. the .. loCal C . o~"t. ·that, ··while in' bOll!d Where policy 'of policy of the. 'OOlxunW: by' .the executive· board policy oii the ReCord ed he, (Richmond) critlc:l tlcular, AriyOSlii was.( q~nl1mlst_lilie';' the"il

. ~'It' is interesting '-to ( p~hed by Frank .DayiJ; ~ve~ ~e ~!l:ace Ilne .by) . Strong .ties. b~tween t

. In~singly .app~rent, Rohrbough, served wit!: ~d Were separated fro; m Chilia •. they. came to the, Chinese COmmuiIis; regune. Consequently States :pQsitioo in the (, p'eiplng v~ewson the SlJ .

The Honolulu ~( .. {l!-e. Cbina MonthlY .Re until the summer of 1:

. ..

. ," ; .. :"~;T. -: .-:.._:;-:: .• :,::,"::;::::,_,<,-.-_~-~:~;:::_;.:: ,,:,-,::.'.;'::;';."':"<:':-;_-::f-:;r-'~~:';_~ff::::''Ff.~;'~ :"':;::::'7."::'0'~:"!.':" ..

-- -', - ..... _.'

___...~-------- _",.--

lTED STA.TES

- Shr's ladao WbO is ArlYo t

the n~cano ~oun.te-.:par ft of tbe FlliplnO NewS-

. ts One ;lil.ed CommUnIS . tical

of comment on poll, . f rhO: writes a column·, 0

-liard llohrtibo~:S :::ri

le~1can AC Vl. .

s to such (l-utright ~lllte'sworld and tb~ n~ organ of the Com:n~. . J _American ACb.Vl.tleG.

n ted weeklY jour~ -of ~:ncis Biddle also cIted

School, cited 8.S su~ ~k :Mr. B,obl:bougb in ae for a ~tl.IDOcratiC Far ~omClark. . d

rsss correspondent au P. in the New M;al?ses ngs . p!\-.thy: :wi~ !he l~te ~ '. . d brwgtng· lting .OhJ.n9. .an

, has been ,id.en~~ .. asd '. . ts .who tegLLUe . }mmun~ ""A IT 195<1''' . Activities m. llr .'

d,;, as of A.ugust si, 1.tl54,

, name 7.,36~ of the :S,356 .. tias paid in $3;(}10. '

,Qn sllOwed a profit aftel' poration to $4,36().08, • was deriv.ed s.:' f~now~ .

-_ Y

..

. 1953. -

liM

. . : I .. ,.' _' .. ":- "

.. ""_ --

,

i'

SCOPE OF SOVIET AC'l'IVITY IN THE UNITED STATES 2865

"The 1948 Territorial Convention of the Communist Ps,l'ty of HawaIi·called for the furthera.nce and establishment of a bilingual or English newspap~ by the party. Shortly thereafter a press eommtsslon was apPOinte4 by the executive boa.rd. which included. and was controlled by, the ex~lltive board members. Ja~ Kimot() was its fust chairman. DIfficulty was-met in attempting to place the Hawaii Star under complete party control. as there was a large group of nonplirty stockholders who resisted p8.l'ty eiforts to turn the Hawaii' Star tnto a primarily J!,"'nglish publleation. Further opposition. was foreseen' in regard to pa1;tY line or issues, and the establishment of a completely party.-eontrdlled paper

-, lnIEnglish was decided upon. '.

" ".AU party groups were assigned blocks of stock for the Hon,olulu Beeord at the . minimum 9f 10 shares at $50 per member, At a later date. blank vllting proxies !were Issued by the press eommiss~on for signatures of respective party _stock)l.olders. At still a later date. blank certificates; signing over stock shares were i,ssued to party l!iembcrS bwn1ng stock: in the Honolulu Record fOJ:signature. A,dditional stock shares weJ.'e solicited outside party ranks - from. ,liberalS and leftists. with 'care tllat complete control rema1ned' in" party hands. . Again the b8Sie taetic of.a mass base W'mrapplied. with the restriction of retention of control

in party bands, however. ' '. . .:'., -

"SubscrIption quotas were assigned to allllartY groups at ~equen,t inter\Tals.

Subscription drives were coordinated by the press commission of t~ Communist Party. Eml-!hasis was placed on 'hOUSing areas andworJdng-cla.ss,dis.l;J;ic~;"

. "In addition to the work o~ the regular staff.of tHe Honolw.u'Reootd; working assignments were often ·made·to party· members, particularly ·members of th-e- 'PreSs ~sion and 'grOUP press' ·agentS, for work on ,tl).e .aetnal. publl.ca., tion. and also for the ILWU BepoJ;ter. Weekly·party work. groups were in·.:;forc~· when' each ,ed~t~on went'to PJ;eSS. ~.; :. .' ," '-. -; ... , . ':- . .' .. ,; ... '-c: ';,::;":; :.-. ,\. _, .. r,::.<.

~ - ·,-~'Th~· primary-'soUl'C(l of working 'capita!,' In additioi:l;··to.lnitial'capital; ,SU}}:: ~cr~Ption. -·fund;· :arid' ·advertisl.rig :Cunds;' wliieh alone cOllld not .maintain' the Record's operational costs, came from job printing done in the, Recprd's pIQ-nt;. Th~ ILWU Reporter and various other ILWU printi,ng ·jobs formal the bulk of. the job printing and supplied the matn source 'of additional· operating capital for the Record. ". . . ' - -' .'.- '." '. " ~, .. .' ,,:

''Tt M:angyunR, a partl': n~o 'publication,-was organlzed ::by 'llie'partY as a Filipino sup'pl~¢ to'the',Honolulu llecOi-IL '·Paify:'RssigIiments on s:ub-

scription drlveS wel"e often given."· , . "._., : -. r., ",' ". . .--:

-. The _ same f'?J:'m.er _ ,C?mm~~t,.~~ttY"officiala:Ii~, ::6a,~-4i~ed: :~me .. ~~t,on .It'he -.

CQntinuE!(i 'ConirimniBtcontrbl of'tbe'Reco.ru·s editoriB.l poliey·;.:·· ". - .: . _ '.

. _ . .-'inuring Apiil of 191)1; a national convention of the :U:;WP w.as,held ln' HO~9-·. , Iulu, This convention was a~ded, am,G~stot~ers, py:A1 RiclrriioJ,l.'d;·;f4i~~:ot" .

. th~I?ailtPeople's Wor14 and:chail:'rl:l~ ·o~i;J,lepresSc0iD.l;lli~s,iOJ;l.))k:~t1fcl;· .• !;_., -,'.:: '., .OO~~st:·P~rty; U. S. A. ~ ~e :reported .atten<lin; t~ cony~p.otl:.~~:'J(~0.t~. - .' ie8P9I!-d0lit for tlie .Daily People's World:' It has' been' stated by"sev~rar\>f =the'. ~~~r&.:,ot the lOcafOoniplumst 'Party; ,lD.cludir.ig, a rom,ber, Qf ·~li~.~~.uil~

b<jatil, . tWit,. 'while in . "lticbml>Jid "att&i.ded meetiDgs- <it:: the ',eiect;ltL.'ii'~' .

bQard where poU!!Y' ()f . '~rd, as, an a"g:itatio~1·Q~4et,.~:(tiiec-~.- :'::"

policy of tb~ Communist diSCUSSed., PoUW: lin~: W'~I'e' sef:d6wn

. by 't1J,e. ~~e~lli!ye ·.boa:rd at 'ii;I. 'regard"'fu ReCord pOliejr~The editorial

, -, .poliCy i>f the'Reoord editor. came under fire by Iticliinop.4m that

b.e (:s,iebmond) criticized as. ~: devi.lltJ~~ , :In, : i'mr.:.

· tic_uIar; AriYoshi was the',biggest issue 'of th(i.·(!urren1;

'. OoD;lllluniSt Jili.e; the em hasis lli,:th ".:::R.eCiii:I.1,,~::,,:::, - ~,

· ""rt is .interesting to , ·&e)~i.i~:M;;ea~:~f-OM,'i'·:

· I!1lShed by Fmnk Da Is .. In' ' ... ·d .. ···· hli"~' ,." ,.

, g_(ven"thi;l:~oo line'bithe' . ~se. emp. Sl~ was

_ . 'Strong' ties b~tween the H()D.C~lUlLU

- in~~ ,a~t. .• ·EditOr, K;oji .. '

,~~h,.serv~ with th~ {fIiited States and,-were separated from the servl~ there

in China,. they came to admire

. QOinmWrlSt have;'p"'rlf:i-nn,~lI •

., .: .. __ C~")..=;!;.,;.;;.t~;~:::;~~~";;;fu~i~"~~~~;~'s.~~;i:;;"';:;i.s.,,.,i·,};;;';;h;.~~~;,;!;f.':;;;·.;: -i.'';-.~~'j.m';;~>:iii£W~t~:' ~* "~"

,If .

\'TES

ennial sessioD,-med, 01' to the arch 1951 a:ri.d vas' submItted rhe pllI'pose of -g6vernroents._el;'~bip.of .the

anks oj! Ter.ri:0 all members nd- the :cOUnty . to '1;b,~.-~ewlY_

ae rePorts. . It "

it known that . .teJ;D.~llt.in,8P.Y _. _. ' . ie-malter: ' No' / -,.

b~eJi- reeeived.

~b'.; illegal :_prO-

ble to redress

t regal'd,. itAs

Idy 'wl::!ich dis~

£948; .~In.~t

lia~'ed' tJO~ti~ (:. ':,t

~'~;7 '. ':~i'r;ty ;~ .-i ".!'

.:L.'

1949, . but "less' dation'"dtd -not ;1,', and. $2(},OOO .

.. ' '. L,~ 1. • ':-'_:'T

:pl.ee~.,·It!~os~ ,ot{"1~kiil.g'· .

: ,:;o.~: ~P:0In:!'.in-

:";,";?;:t::. C!l:~~~~~ff~;.. . -,

blfe: en:i,pioyees dnated 'by'the' ,ate~.ents have

j~~e~r~~~~~s·J;: ,::,:.~

)u'Sljr',repeliWd,:,-.· 00". : '. .. _

~a;;';i:"";·

;, mVegtlgative"~' : .:-' nmunist Par~ .

. . -, ~ .~'::' ',;:;. '. _,

", .j

2'783'

.8h-UGinglf{ conffn(ms to ()'omm-u~t Party ~oliCY: The chairman o~ .t~e, e~tor~al board of Freedpm is' Paul Robeson, an- id6nh/ietZ metnoer of t1i.e G'Otn11lwm-st

P.M:tv.". [.ItaliC fn41cates the words oroitted.b;V ::pavial ... ' _ _ . .

':~n;o!l~~st20J 1953;"]~a"!.is~d·t~J~ S\lY: .. ': «:.':.:.' ' .. _.

i'*·.of; * Lang$on -Hughes, mCldentally, 'has ~e ·largest fo~q_wJ,Dg·~.am9ng··· Negr~ of any Negl"o writer; He is also described by leading critics"as·the_'llo~t

laureate or the Negro peojlle. I 'might add he is the same, Langsto:q. .Hlighes-\w.ho,: '.

~{jfu.pIilins . the: local commission on .. s!l~versive. a;;;tivities;I. . have sj:ap.cb;ly defended." .... -". : -., ...

:·The commission in the 1953 report referI:ed to Langston Hughes as a ComtD.i$ist sympathizer, and quoted his poem; .QoQdpye; Chr~t, as an··~x-ampl.e. Q~~.: _ ; li~)l~e. _ .I!-"~ghes. app~are.9, voluntari}Y". b~(lfe the S~n.~~, ~e~~t ;13~t!~~

.. committee OR .. Investigations of the Comn;uttee on Goverxiti1en~~:Ope_J;'a~~{)Jl.Bi@:: . : .':/.~._': . : . ; :Mitftih'l95S. -He-testified that there' was ,~::rre.rio!l· Qt·:tiW:e··in' :qis)g¢.i,wM.n.:h~ ";. '_ ...... .: • > :~~~.4t _th~ .Soviet form of government, l4ld· tb:Rt b.oo1fs '; ,1l.tl~f!~~~ ):jy, .~i~ ,: . :~'.~>:V;~l\Y.;:~g~ foUQw~d R_t tll11~' so~e\.as~~ts;or. the (!Q~urust:~et. ~@~

hIs 'sY!Rpathy with theJ;ri: Concernw&, thes~ bO"Oks he'wa~' .!l.~ed:' '"' ,",. '".-·.t ._.; ':".:-~"'" " . .

··~!T1;te··C:ru.ml.(A.N. Now, -let us take thoss ~at YO:U _thplk:.fOP,OW~~· ~e. QQ~m1,l~\ . i.: '

-'·.Dis.HiIie.,'Do you··fee1.t;Mt th(is~·boo~:shQU!dJ)~·9n.'Q,W',-$h~~!J·i~911Z~m.!t::;t4~, " .', '-

.' with the apparent stamp of .approval of tp.e United States Gov¢tn~EW-t?.-· .

HUGlms. I was . certainly· amased- to: hear tbaLtheY 'were. _'II·;w~'.l;"Iu~'. _ ..., . ~d -would' .. .... . '-

i

r :

: .. : .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful