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- classes notes solution aakash institute
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Solutions

SECTION - A

Objective Type Questions

1.

A body in one dimensional motion has zero speed at an instant. At that instant, it must have

(1) Zero velocity

Magnitude of velocity = Speed

So, if the speed is zero then it must have zero velocity also.

2.

A particle is moving along a circle such that it completes one revolution in 40 seconds. In 2 minutes 20 seconds,

the ratio

displaceme nt

is

distance

(1) 0

(2)

1

7

(3)

2

7

(4)

1

11

T = 40 s

If t = 2 minute 20 second

= 2 60 + 20

= 140 s

So, it has completed 3

1

revolution.

2

Distance travelled = 3 2R + R

= 7R

Displacement = 2R

|Displacement|

Distance

2R

7R

2

1

=

22

11

7

7

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38

3.

Solution of Assignment

Consider the motion of the tip of the second hand of a clock. In one minute (R be the length of second hand),

its

(1) Displacement is 2R

The second hand of the clock in minute covers an angle of

360 and the initial and final positions are same.

B

A

So, Displacement 0

4.

The position of a body moving along x-axis at time t is given by x = (t2 4t + 6) m. The distance travelled

by body in time interval t = 0 to t = 3 s is

(1) 5 m

(2) 7 m

(3) 4 m

(4) 3 m

x = t2 4t + 6

dx

2t 4

dt

x |t 0 6 m

x |t 2 s 2 m

x |t 3 s 3 m

4m

1m

Distance = (4 + 1) m = 5 m

Displacement = 3 m

5.

(1) Its acceleration is negative

If the speed of body is increasing then acceleration is in the direction of velocity.

It may be positive or negative.

If acceleration is in negative direction then acceleration is increasing but in negative side, so it will be called

as decreasing.

6.

At any instant, the velocity and acceleration of a particle moving along a straight line are v and a. The speed

of the particle is increasing if

(1) v > 0, a > 0

(4) v > 0, a = 0

For increasing speed both velocity (v) and acceleration (a) are in the same direction.

7.

A particle moves along x-axis with speed 6 m/s for the first half distance of a journey and the second half

distance with a speed 3 m/s. The average speed in the total journey is

(1) 5 m/s

(3) 4 m/s

(4) 2 m/s

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Solution of Assignment

39

If a body travels equal distance with speed v1 and v2 then average speed is given by

v av

8.

2v1v 2

263

4 ms 1

v1 v 2

63

If magnitude of average speed and average velocity over a time interval are same, then

(1) The particle must move with zero acceleration

(2) The particle must move with non-zero acceleration

(3) The particle must be at rest

(4) The particle must move in a straight line without turning back

The magnitude of average speed and average velocity can only be equal if object moves in a straight line without

turning back. In that condition distance will be equal to displacement.

9.

(1)

dv

dx

(2) v

dv

dx

(3) x

du

dx

(4) v

dx

dv

dv dv dx

dt

dx dt

vdv

dx

dx

velocity

dt

(1) Must be zero

Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity. The magnitude of velocity (i.e., speed) is constant but it may

change in direction. So, acceleration may be variable due to change in direction.

11. When the velocity of body is variable, then

(1) Its speed may be constant

If velocity is changing they may change in magnitude or direction or both.

(i) So, if velocity is changing in direction only the magnitude is constant so speed is constant.

(ii) If only direction of velocity is changing and magnitude is constant then acceleration will also be constant

in magnitude (in case of uniform circular motion).

(iii) Average acceleration may be constant.

aav

v 2 v1

t 2 t1

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40

Solution of Assignment

(1) Its velocity may be zero

If speed is changing then velocity must change.

13. The position of a particle moving along x-axis is given by x = 10t 2t2. Then the time (t) at which it will

momently come to rest is

(1) 0

(2) 2.5 s

(3) 5 s

(4) 10 s

x = 10t 2t2

v

dx

10 4t

dt

10 4t = 0

t 2.5 s

14. A car moves with speed 60 km/h for 1 hour in east direction and with same speed for 30 min in south direction.

The displacement of car from initial position is

(2) 30 3 km

(1) 60 km

(3) 30 5 km

(4) 60 2 km

Displacement of car =

60 km

602 302 30 5 km

V = 60 km/h

t=1h

60 1 h = 60 km

30 km

B

15. A person travels along a straight road for the first

t

2t

time with a speed v1 and for next

time with a speed

3

3

(1) v

v 1 2v 2

3

(2)

1

1

2

v 3v 1 3v 2

(3) v

1

2v 1v 2

3

(4) v

3v 2

2v 1

v av

Time

Time

v

av

v1 2v 2

3 v1 2v 2

3

1

3

v1

t

2t

v2

3

3

t 2t

3 3

v av

v1 2v 2

3

Solution of Assignment

41

x t 7 , then

(2) Velocity of the particle is proportional to t2

(3) Velocity of the particle is proportional to

Sol. Answer (4)

x t 7

x (t 7)2

t 2 49 14t

(squaring)

dx

2t 14

dt

v 2t 14 v t

Acceleration :

a

dv

dt

a 2 ms2 constant

17. A boat covers certain distance between two spots in a river taking t1 hrs going downstream and t2 hrs going

upstream. What time will be taken by boat to cover same distance in still water?

(1)

t1 t 2

2

(3)

2t1t 2

t1 t 2

(4)

t1t 2

tstill

d

v

t still

2t1t 2

t1 t 2

For upstream, Speed v u

t up

t2

d

v u

t down

d

v u

d (v u ) t2

t1

...(i)

d

v u

d

v u

d (v u ) t1

...(ii)

(v u) t2 = (v + u) t1

vt2 ut2 = vt1 + ut1

v(t2 t1) = u(t1 + t2)

u

v (t2 t1 )

t2 t1

v (t2 t1 )

t t t t

So, d v

t2 vt2 1 2 2 1

t

t

t1 t2

1

2

2t t

d

12

v t1 t 2 Remember as shortcut

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42

Solution of Assignment

18. A particle starts moving with acceleration 2 m/s2. Distance travelled by it in 5th half second is

(1) 1.25 m

(2) 2.25 m

(3) 6.25 m

(4) 30.25 m

(distance travelled in 5th half second)

S2.5 S2 = ?

S2.5 ut

1 2

at

2

S2.5

1

2 (2.5)2 6.25 m ( u 0)

2

S2

a = 2 ms2

1

t=0

1

24 4 m

2

2

t

1

2

3

t=1

4

t

3

2

5

t=2

5

2

19. The two ends of a train moving with constant acceleration pass a certain point with velocities u and 3u. The

velocity with which the middle point of the train passes the same point is

(1) 2u

(2)

3

u

2

(3)

5u

(4)

10 u

Final velocity

Initial velocity

v 2 u2

2

Given, v = 3u, u = u

9u 2 u 2

10u 2

2

2

So, v mid

v mid 5u 2

5u v mid

20. The initial velocity of a particle is u (at t = 0) and the acceleration a is given by t3/2. Which of the following

relations is valid?

(1) v = u + t3/2

(2) v u

3 t 3

2

(3) v u

2 5/2

t

5

(4) v = u + t5/2

a t 3/2

v

dv adt

3/2

dv t dt

Solution of Assignment

v

u

43

t 3/2 1

3

1

2

0

2

(v u ) 5

t 5/2 0

2 5/2

v u 5 t

v u

2 5/2

t

5

Note : The equations of kinematics are valid only for constant acceleration, here a is a function of 't' so

we didn't apply those equations.

21. A train starts from rest from a station with acceleration 0.2 m/s2 on a straight track and then comes to rest

after attaining maximum speed on another station due to retardation 0.4 m/s2. If total time spent is half an

hour, then distance between two stations is [Neglect length of train]

(1) 216 km

(2) 512 km

(3) 728 km

(4) 1296 km

1 2

T

2

Acceleration

Shortcut : S

Deceleration

(magnitude only)

T Time of journey

S Distance travelled

Given,

= 0.2 ms2

= 0.4 ms2

T = half an hour = 30 60 s = 1800 s

1 0.2 0.4

2

(1800)

2 0.2 0.4

S = 216000 m

S 216 km

22. The position x of particle moving along x-axis varies with time t as x = Asin (t) where A and are positive

constants. The acceleration a of particle varies with its position (x) as

(1) a = Ax

(2) a = 2x

(3) a = A x

(4) a = 2 x A

x = Asin t

dx

A cos t

dt

d2x

dt 2

A 2 sin t

a 2 x

( A sin t x )

44

Solution of Assignment

23. A particle moves in a straight line and its position x at time t is given by x2 = 2+ t. Its acceleration is given

by

(1)

2

x3

(2)

1

4x 3

(3)

1

4x 2

(4)

1

x2

x2 = t + 2

1

x

1

t2

x t2

1

dx 1

(t 2) 2

dt 2

dx 1

(t 2) 2

dt 2

....(i)

d2x

dt 2

1

1 1

(t 2) 2

2 2

3

1

a = (t 2) 2 =

4(t 2)

4

1

(t

1

2) 2

1 1 1

4 x2 x

1

4x3

24. A body is projected vertically upward direction from the surface of earth. If upward direction is taken as positive,

then acceleration of body during its upward and downward journey are respectively

(1) Positive, negative

Whether body move upwards or downwards

the earth tries to pull it downwards only.

Hence during both the motion g will negative.

25. A particle start moving from rest state along a straight line under the action of a constant force and travel

distance x in first 5 seconds. The distance travelled by it in next five seconds will be

(1) x

(2) 2 x

(3) 3 x

(4) 4 x

Body starts from rest and moves with a constant acceleration, then the distance travelled in equal time intervals

will be in the ratio of odd number. (Galileo's law of odd number)

x1 : x2 1 : 3

x : x2 1 : 3

x

1

x2 3

x2 3 x

Solution of Assignment

45

26. A body is projected vertically upward with speed 40 m/s. The distance travelled by body in the last second

of upward journey is [take g = 9.8 m/s2 and neglect effect of air resistance]

(1) 4.9 m

(2) 9.8 m

(3) 12.4 m

(4) 19.6 m

As the motion under gravity is symmetric, so distance travelled in last second of ascent is equal to first second

of descent.

(1st second)

t=1s

v=0

1

x2 ut g 12

2

x1

x2

1

9.8 12 ( u 0)

2

x2 4.9 m

x2

This distance is constant for every body thrown with any speed.

27. A body is moving with variable acceleration (a) along a straight line. The average acceleration of body in time

interval t1 to t2 is

a[t 2 t1 ]

(1)

2

(2)

a[t 2 t1 ]

2

(3)

t2

t2

t1

t1

a dt

t 2 t1

(4)

a dt

t 2 t1

t2

a dt

t1

Change in velocity

aav

Average acceleration =

t2 t1

Time

28. A body is projected vertically upward with speed 10 m/s and other at same time with same speed in downward

direction from the top of a tower. The magnitude of acceleration of first body w.r.t. second is {take g = 10 m/s2}

(2) 10 m/s2

(1) Zero

(3) 5 m/s2

(4) 20 m/s2

The acceleration of first body

a1 = 10 ms2

a2 = 10 ms2

arel = a1 a2 = 10 ms2 10 ms2 = 0

29. The position of a particle moving along x-axis given by x = (2t3 + 3t2 +5)m. The acceleration of particle at

the instant its velocity becomes zero is

(1) 12 m/s2

(2) 12 m/s2

(3) 6 m/s2

(4) Zero

x ( 2t 3 3t 2 5) m

dx

6t 2 6t v

dt

d2x

dt 2

12t 6

(for v = 0, 6t = 6t2 t = 1 s)

a t 1 s 12 6 6 ms 2

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46

Solution of Assignment

30. A car travelling at a speed of 30 km/h is brought to rest in a distance of 8 m by applying brakes. If the same

car is moving at a speed of 60 km/h then it can be brought to rest with same brakes in

(1) 64 m

(2) 32 m

(3) 16 m

(4) 4 m

ds

u2

ds u 2

2a

u 2u

d (2u )2

d

u2

d

4

8

d 32

31. A particle is thrown with any velocity vertically upward, the distance travelled by the particle in first second of

its decent is

(1) g

(2 )

g

2

g

4

(3)

g

1

g 12 s

2

2

32. A body is thrown vertically upwards and takes 5 seconds to reach maximum height. The distance travelled

by the body will be same in

(1) 1st and 10th second

The motion under gravity is a symmetric motion and the time taken to go up is same as time taken to come

back to the initial position.

t=5s

4s

1st second

6s

3s

7s

2s

8s

1s

9s

0

10th second

10 s

So, clearly the distance travelled in 1st second is same as that travelled in 10th second.

33. A ball is dropped from a bridge of 122.5 metre above a river. After the ball has been falling for two seconds,

a second ball is thrown straight down after it. Initial velocity of second ball so that both hit the water at the

same time is

(1) 49 m/s

Solution of Assignment

47

1

h gt 2

2

122.5

1st ball

1

9.8 t 2

2

t 2 25 t 5 s

Another ball is dropped after 2 second so it took only (5 2) = 3 s

122.5 u(3)

1

9.8 32

2

122.5 = 3u + 4.9 9

3u = 78.4

u 26.1 s

34. A balloon starts rising from ground from rest with an upward acceleration 2 m/s2. Just after 1 s, a stone is dropped

from it. The time taken by stone to strike the ground is nearly

(1) 0.3 s

(2) 0.7 s

(3) 1 s

(4) 1.4 s

u = 0, a = 2 ms2

The velocity of object after one second

v = u + at

1

2 12 1 m

2

v 2 ms1

Now after separating from the balloon it will move under the effect of gravity alone.

h vt

1

9.8 t 2

2

1 = 2t 4.9t2

4.9t2 2t 1 = 0

t 0.7 s

35. A boy throws balls into air at regular interval of 2 second. The next ball is thrown when the velocity of first

ball is zero. How high do the ball rise above his hand? [Take g = 9.8 m/s2]

(1) 4.9 m

(2) 9.8 m

(3) 19.6 m

(4) 29.4 m

T=2s

v=0

2u

u

2T

2

u = 19.6

g

9.8

H

u2

19.6 19.6

=

2g

2 9.8

H 19.6 m

2s

48

Solution of Assignment

36. A ball projected from ground vertically upward is at same height at time t1 and t2. The speed of projection of

ball is [Neglect the effect of air resistance]

(1) g [t 2 t1 ]

(2)

g [t1 t 2 ]

2

g [t 2 t1 ]

2

(3)

(4) g [t1 t2 ]

t1 + t2 = total time of flight

t1 + t2 = 2T

u

t1 t2

, also T

g

2

u t1 t2

g

2

1

g (t1 t 2 )

2

37. For a body moving with uniform acceleration along straight line, the variation of its velocity (v) with position

(x) is best represented by

(2)

(1)

(3)

(4)

v2 = u2 + 2as

v2 x

( u rest)

38. The position-time graph for a particle moving along a straight line is shown in figure. The total distance travelled

by it in time t = 0 to t = 10 s is

x (m)

10

2

(1) Zero

(2) 10 m

10

t (s)

(3) 20 m

(4) 80 m

x (m)

The total distance travelled from 0 to 2 s is 10 m

2 s to 8 s Zero distance

10

and from 8 s to 10 s 10 m

So, distance = 10 + 0 + 10 = 20 m

10

t (s)

Solution of Assignment

49

39. The position-time graph for a body moving along a straight line between O and A is shown in figure. During

its motion between O and A, how many times body comes to rest?

x

A

O

(1) Zero

(2) 1 time

(3) 2 times

(4) 3 times

As there are two extremes in the graph one is maxima and other is minima. At both maxima and minima the

slope is zero. So, it comes to rest twice.

40. Which one of the following graph for a body moving along a straight line is possible?

Speed

Speed

(2)

(1)

Time

Speed

(3)

(4)

Position

This graph is possible.

41. A body is projected vertically upward from ground. If we neglect the effect of air, then which one of the following

is the best representation of variation of speed (v) with time (t)?

(2)

(1)

(3)

(4)

The speed of an object is directly proportional to time v t .

42. Which one of the following time-displacement graph represents two moving objects P and Q with zero relative

velocity?

d

d

Q

P

(1)

O

(2)

t

P

Q

(3)

O

P

Q

t

O

(4)

t

Zero relative velocity means that both of them have same slope.

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50

Solution of Assignment

vA

43. The displacement-time graph for two particles A and B is as follows. The ratio v is

B

Y

Displacement

15

15

45

t

(2) 1 : 3

(1) 1 : 2

3 :1

(3)

(4) 1 : 3

15

1

v A tan30

v B tan 60

3 1 v :v 1: 3

A

B

3 3

15

45

44. For the acceleration-time (a-t) graph shown in figure, the change in velocity of particle from t = 0 to t = 6 s

is

2

a(m/s )

4

2

t(s)

4

(1) 10 m/s

(2) 4 m/s

(3) 12 m/s

1

1

So, v 4 4 2 4 8 4

2

2

v 4 ms1

a(m/s )

4

t(s)

along x-axis as a function of time. Average velocity during

t = 0 to 6 s and instantaneous velocity at t = 3 s respectively,

will be

(1) 10 m/s, 0

(2) 60 m/s, 0

(3) 0, 0

(4) 0, 10 m/s

(4) 8 m/s

x

(m)

20

10

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

t (s)

From 0 to 6 s Displacement = 0

so, average velocity = 0

at t = 3 s, the displacement = 0, so v = 0

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Solution of Assignment

51

46. Position-time graph for a particle is shown in figure. Starting from t = 0, at what time t, the average velocity

is zero?

10

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

(1) 1 s

x (m)

t (s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1112 13

(2) 3 s

(3) 6 s

(4) 7 s

If we look at the graph very carefully at t = 0, x = 6 m

The average velocity will be zero if it comes back to the initial position.

It is evident that at t = 6 s, x = 6 m

So, vav at t = 6 s is zero.

47. The velocity versus time graph of a body moving in a straight line is as

shown in the figure below

v (m/s)

(2) The acceleration of the body in 0 to 2 s is 4 ms2

4

2

0

3

t (s)

v (m/s)

Distance covered = Area under v-t graph =

Acceleration t 0 to 2 s

1

34 6 m

2

40

2 ms 2

2

1m 2

t (s)

48. Acceleration-time graph for a particle is given in figure. If it starts motion at t = 0, distance travelled in 3 s

will be

a

2

(m/s )

2

0

t (s)

(1) 4 m

(2) 2 m

(3) 0

(4) 6 m

Draw the v-t graph from a-t graph.

Area under v-t graph =

2 m/s

1

2 (3 1)

2

=4m

1s

2s

3s

52

Solution of Assignment

function of time

(m)

20

(2) The velocity at t = 8 s is negative

10

(4) The particle moves with a constant velocity

t (s)

50. A particle moves along x-axis in such a way that its x-co-ordinate varies with time according to the equation

x = 4 2t + t2. The speed of the particle will vary with time as

(1) O

(2)

(3) O

(4) O

dx

2 2t

dt

v = 2t 2 Straight line

x = 4 2t + t2

Slope Positive

Intercept Negative

51. Two balls are projected upward simultaneously with speeds 40 m/s and 60 m/s. Relative position (x) of second

ball w.r.t. first ball at time t = 5 s is [Neglect air resistance].

(1) 20 m

(2) 80 m

(3) 100 m

(4) 120 m

1

arel t 2

2

= (60 40) 5

Srel Urel t

Srel

(arel = 0)

Srel 100 m

x (m)

52. The position (x) of a particle moving along x-axis varies with time (t)

as shown in figure. The average acceleration of particle in time interval

t = 0 to t = 8 s is

(1) 3 m/s2

(2) 5 m/s2

(3) 4 m/s2

40

2 4 6

t (s)

t = 0 to t = 2

t = 6 to t = 8

v = 20 m/s

v = 20 m/s

aavg

v 20 20 40

5 ms2

t

8

8

aavg 5 ms 2

x (m)

40

2 4 6

t (s)

Solution of Assignment

53

53. The position (x)-time (t) graph for a particle moving along a straight line is shown in figure. The average speed

of particle in time interval t = 0 to t = 8 s is

x (m)

20

10

0

(1) Zero

(2) 5 m/s

t (s)

8

(3) 7.5 m/s

Distance 40

5 ms 1

Time

8

54. A ball is dropped from a height h above ground. Neglect the air resistance, its velocity (v) varies with its height

above the ground as

(1)

2g (h y )

(2)

2gh

(3)

2gy

(4)

2g (h y )

(h y)

Reference

Ground

v 2g (h y )

55. A train of 150 m length is going towards North at a speed of 10 m/s. A bird is flying at 5 m/s parallel to the

track towards South. The time taken by the bird to cross the train is

(1) 10 s

(2) 15 s

Time =

(3) 30 s

(4) 12 s

5 m/s Bird

150

150

10 5 15

Train

T 10 s

150 m

10 ms1

56. Two cars are moving in the same direction with a speed of 30 km/h. They are separated from each other by

5 km. Third car moving in the opposite direction meets the two cars after an interval of

4 minutes. The speed of the third car is

(1) 30 km/h

(2) 25 km/h

(3) 40 km/h

(4) 45 km/h

30 kmh1

30 kmh1

v

C

5 km

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54

Solution of Assignment

The distance of 5 km is in between A and B is covered by C in 4 minute with relative velocity (v + 30).

So, drel v rel t

4

60

= v + 30

5 km (v 30)

75 kmh1

v 45 kmh1

57. Two cars A and B are moving in same direction with velocities 30 m/s and 20 m/s. When car A is at a distance

d behind the car B, the driver of the car A applies brakes producing uniform retardation of 2 m/s2. There will

be no collision when

(1) d < 2.5 m

(3) d > 25 m

v2 = u2 + 2ad

0=

(10)2

a = 2 ms2

2 2 drel

100

drel

4

drel 25 m

A

1

20 ms

30 ms

58. Two trains each of length 100 m moving parallel towards each other at speed 72 km/h and

36 km/h respectively. In how much time will they cross each other?

(1) 4.5 s

(2) 6.67 s

(3) 3.5 s

(4) 7.25 s

When two trains are moving in opposite direction then

t

200

6.67 s

30

59. A ball is dropped from the top of a building of height 80 m. At same instant another ball is thrown upwards

with speed 50 m/s from the bottom of the building. The time at which balls will meet is

(1) 1.6 s

(2) 5 s

(3) 8 s

(4) 10 s

t

h

80

v rel 50

t 1.6 s

60. A particle move with velocity v1 for time t1 and v2 for time t2 along a straight line. The magnitude of its average

acceleration is

(1)

v 2 v1

t1 t 2

(2)

v 2 v1

t1 t 2

(3)

v 2 v1

t 2 t1

(4)

v1 v 2

t1 t 2

aavg

v 2 v1

Change in velocity

t1 t2 =

Time interval

Solution of Assignment

55

SECTION - B

Objective Type Questions

1.

If average velocity of particle moving on a straight line is zero in a time interval, then

(1) Acceleration of particle may be zero

(2) Velocity of particle must be zero at an instant

(3) Velocity of particle may be never zero in the interval

(4) Average speed of particle may be zero in the interval

If average velocity = zero, then displacement is zero it means particle takes a turn in the opposite direction

and at the time of turning back velocity has to be zero.

2.

A car moving with speed v on a straight road can be stopped with in distance d on applying brakes. If same

car is moving with speed 3v and brakes provide half retardation, then car will stop after travelling distance

(1) 6 d

(2) 3 d

(3) 9 d

(4) 18 d

u2

2a

ds

ds u 2

ds u 2

ds u 2

u 3v

u=v

So,

ds

v2

2

ds 9v

ds 9ds

3.

ds 9d

The initial velocity of a particle moving along x-axis is u (at t = 0 and x = 0) and its acceleration a is given

by a = kx. Which of the following equation is correct between its velocity (v) and position (x)?

(1) v2 u2 = 2kx

(2) v2 = u2 + 2kx2

(3) v2 = u2 + kx2

(4) v2 + u2 = 2kx

a = kx and

v

vdv

a

dx

x

u

2 v

v

2

2 x

kx

2

v2 u2 = kx2 v 2 u 2 kx 2

4.

The velocity v of a body moving along a straight line varies with time t as v = 2t2 et, where v is in

m/s and t is in second. The acceleration of body is zero at t =

(1) 0

(2) 2 s

(3) 3

56

Solution of Assignment

v = 2t2 et

dv

2[t 2e t ( 1) e t 2t ]

dt

Put, a = 0,

2t 2e t 4te t 0

5.

2t 2 4t 0 t2 = 2t t 2 s

The relation between position (x) and time (t) are given below for a particle moving along a straight line. Which

of the following equation represents uniformly accelerated motion? [where and are positive constants]

(1) x t

(2) x t

(3) xt

(4) t x

For uniformly accelerated motion,

2

v = u + 2as

1 2

at

2

s ut

or

Constant

Constant

1 2

at ut

2

Or the maximum power of t has to be two.

x

So, 4 .

6.

The velocity v of a particle moving along x-axis varies with its position (x) as v x ; where is a constant.

Which of the following graph represents the variation of its acceleration (a) with time (t)?

a

(1)

(2)

t

(3)

O

(4)

O

v x

Comparing above equation with 3rd equation of kinematics.

v 2 u 2 2ax

2 x 2ax

2

2

a

So,

t

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Solution of Assignment

7.

57

The velocity (v) of a particle moving along x-axis varies with its position x as shown in figure. The acceleration

(a) of particle varies with position (x) as

v (m/s)

4

(1) a2 = x + 3

x (m)

(2) a = 2x2 + 4

(3) 2a = 3x + 5

(4) a = 4x 8

vdv

dx

dv

slope

dx

v 4 04

x 0 20

4

2

2

v u 4

x

2

Intercept = + 4

v 4 = 2x

a Negative

v = 2x + 4

dv

2

dx

a 4x 8

So,

So, a

8.

vdv

dx

vdv

( 2 x 4)( 2)

dx

A ball is dropped from an elevator moving upward with acceleration a by a boy standing in it. The acceleration

of ball with respect to [Take upward direction positive]

(1) Boy is g

(2) Boy is (g + a)

(3) Ground is g

Upward direction Positive

Negative direction Negative

If a person is observing from ground then, for

him the acceleration of ball is in the

downward direction.

ELEVATOR

2

u=0

g

a (Positive)

1

abG g

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58

9.

Solution of Assignment

The velocity (v)-time (t) graph for a particle moving along x-axis is shown in the figure. The corresponding position

(x)- time (t) is best represented by

v

(1)

(2)

O

(3)

t

(4)

t

The graph of v-t can be converted into the x-t (parabolic) graph.

t

10. The speed-time graph for a body moving along a straight line is shown in figure. The average acceleration of

body may be

speed (m/s)

20

0

(2) 4 m/s2

(1) 0

t(s)

10

(3) 4 m/s2

The acceleration from zero to 5 s is

0 20 20

4 ms2

50

5

From 5 s to 10 s

a

20 0

4 ms2

10 5

Time

speed (m/s)

20 m/s

10 s

20 20

0 ms2

10 0

Solution of Assignment

59

11. The acceleration (a)-time (t) graph for a particle moving along a straight starting from rest is shown in figure.

Which of the following graph is the best representation of variation of its velocity (v) with time (t)?

a

O

v

(1)

O

(2)

O

(3) O

(4) O

From the graph it is evident that the acceleration is decreasing with time.

Also, a t

a = kt

a

(decreasing with time)

To find velocity,

dv

kt

dt

dv ktdt

v t 2 or graph of velocity should be parabolic with a decreasing slope.

12. A ball is thrown upward with speed 10 m/s from the top of the tower reaches the ground with a speed

20 m/s. The height of the tower is [Take g = 10 m/s2]

(1) 10 m

(2) 15 m

(3) 20 m

(4) 25 m

v u 2 2gh

(20)2 = 102 + 2 10 h

300

h h 15 m

2 10

13. A ball dropped from the top of tower falls first half height of tower in 10 s. The total time spend by ball in air

is [Take g = 10 m/s2]

(1) 14.14 s

(2) 15.25 s

(3) 12.36 s

(4) 17.36 s

u=0

H

1

ut g 102

2

2

H

2

H = g 102

1

H gt 2

2

t = 10 s

(Full journey)

60

g 102

Solution of Assignment

1 2

gt

2

t2 = 200

t 10 2 s

t = 10 1.414 s

= 14.14 s t

14. An object thrown vertically up from the ground passes the height 5 m twice in an interval of 10 s. What is its

time of flight?

(1)

28 s

(2)

86 s

104 s

(3)

(4)

72 s

h=5m

(given)

t2 t1 = 10 s

T Time taken to reach the highest point.

t1 T T 2

2h

2h

2

, t2 T T

g

g

t1

2h

2h

t2 t1 T T

T T 2

g

g

t2

2

10 2 T

25

10

5 T2 1

25 = T2 1

T2 = 26

T 26

4 26 104 s

15. A ball is projected vertically upwards. Its speed at half of maximum height is 20 m/s. The maximum height

attained by it is [Take g = 10 ms2]

(1) 35 m

(2) 15 m

(3) 25 m

v=0

H

v B2 v A2 2g

2

0 400 2 10

40 m H

(4) 40 m

H

2

H

2

20 m/s

H

2 A

H

Solution of Assignment

61

16. A particle starts with initial speed u and retardation a to come to rest in time T. The time taken to cover first half of

the total path travelled is

(1)

(2) T 1

2

T

2

(3)

T

2

a

u

Retardation a

Initial velocity u

(4)

d

2

3T

4

C

B

d

Time = T

d

1

ut at 2

2

2

v = u + at

...(iii)

0 = u aT

u = aT

...(i)

1 2

aT

2

Dividing by 2 on both sides

d uT

d uT 1 aT 2

....(ii)

2

2 2 2

On comparing equation (i) & (iii)

uT 1 aT 2

1

ut at 2

2 2 2

2

Put u = aT

aT 2 aT 2

1

aTt at 2

2

4

2

T2

t2

Tt

4

2

Multiplying by 4 on both sides

On solving this quadratic equation,

t T

t T 1

2

2

v

(2)

(1)

(3)

None of the graph is physically possible.

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62

Solution of Assignment

18. A particle travels half of the distance of a straight journey with a speed 6 m/s. The remaining part of the distance

is covered with speed 2 m/s for half of the time of remaining journey and with speed 4 m/s for the other half of time.

The average speed of the particle is

(1) 3 m/s

(2) 4 m/s

(4) 5 m/s

From C to B the time interval of travelling is same.

So, v av

v v3 2 4

2

3 m/s

2

2

v1 = 6 m/s

C

v2 2 m/s v3 4 m/s

t

6 m/s

Now, A

B

3 m/s

Now, first half is covered with 6 ms1 and second half with 3 ms1. So when distances are same.

v av

2v1v 2

263

4 ms 1

v1 v 2

63

v av 4 ms 1

19. The acceleration-time graph for a particle moving along x-axis is shown in figure. If the initial velocity of particle is

5 m/s, the velocity at t = 8 s is

a (m/s2)

10

8

10

(1) +15 m/s

t (s)

(3) 15 m/s

(4) 20 m/s

The area under a-t graph gives change in velocity.

Given, u = 5 m/s

1

6 10 = 30 ms1

2

Area on negative side =

1

2 10 = 10 ms1

2

v = Area

v ( 5) = 20

v 15 ms1

20. A body thrown vertically up with initial velocity 52 m/s from the ground passes twice a point at h height above at an

interval of 10 s. The height h is (g = 10 m/s2)

(1) 22 m

(2) 10.2 m

(3) 11.2 m

(4) 15 m

Given, t2 t1 = 10 s

t2 t1

2u 2 52

10.4

g

10

Solution of Assignment

63

2t2 = 20.4

t2 = 10.2 s

t1 = 0.2 s

So, t1t2

2h

g

0.2 10.2

2h

10

1 10.2 = h 10.2 m h

21. A body falling from a vertical height of 10 m pierces through a distance of 1 m in sand. It faces an average

retardation in sand equal to (g = acceleration due to gravity)

O

10 m

1m

(1) g

(2) 9 g

(3) 100 g

(4) 1000 g

If the ball is dropped then x = 0, the velocity with which it will hit the sand will be given by

v2 u2 = 2(g) ( 9)

v2 0 = 18 g

v 2 18 g

O u=0

...(i)

for 1 m and comes to rest. So, v initial for sand

and final velocity = 0

9m

10 m

1m

v 2 v 2 2(a) ( 1)

18 g = 2 a

a9g

22. When a particle is thrown vertically upwards, its velocity at one third of its maximum height is

10 2 m/s. The maximum height attained by it is

(1) 20 2 m

(2) 30 m

(3) 15 m

v=0

v 2 u 2 2g

2H

3

100 2 2 10

H 15 m

(4) 12.8 m

2H

3

2H

3

v 10 2 ms 1

10 2 m/s

H

3

64

Solution of Assignment

23. A body is dropped from a height H. The time taken to cover second half of the journey is

(1) 2

2H

g

H

g

(2)

H

g

(3)

2 1

(4)

2H

1

g

( 2 1)

The total time of journey

s ut

H

1 2

gt

2

1 2

gT

2

u=0

...(i)

H

1

ut gt 2 T

2

2

H 1 2

gt

2 2

1 2

gT gt 2

2

2H

g

H

T

(T t)

( ut 0)

T

2

= T 1

=

2

2

2H

1

1

g

2

H

g

2 1

5

24. A stone dropped from the top of a tower is found to travel of the height of the tower during the last second of

9

its fall. The time of fall is

(1) 2 s

(2) 3 s

(3) 4 s

u=0

Time taken to cover the

So, st st 1

5h

is = last second

9

5h

1 2 1

5 1

gt g (t 1)2 gt 2

2

2

9 2

1

1

5

g (t 2 t 2 1 2t ) gt 2

2

2

9

(2t 1)

(4) 5 s

(t 1) s

t

5h

9

1 2

h 2 gt

5 2

t

9

18t 9 = 5t2

5t2 18t + 9 = 0

5t2 15t 3t + 9 = 0

5t (t 3) 3 (t 3 ) = 0

(5t 3) (t 3) = 0

t

3

, t 3s

5

(t

3

, doesn't satisfy the given criterion, so we neglect it)

5

Solution of Assignment

t2

20 . The body is undergoing

10

(2) Uniform retardation

65

t2

20

10

So, a

dv

dt

dv 2t

0

dt 10

t

at

5

a is a function of time so it is not constant, rather it is non-uniform.

26. The displacement (x) - time (t) graph of a particle is shown in figure. Which of the following is correct?

(2) Particle starts with non-zero velocity and variable acceleration

(3) Particle starts with zero velocity and uniform acceleration

(4) Particle starts with non-zero velocity and uniform acceleration

Sol. Answer (1)

From the graph it is clear that the x is a function of time and speed/velocity is also changing. So, if velocity

is changing then definitely the acceleration also changes with time. So, at t = 0, x = 0, so v = 0 but it is

function of time and hence non-uniform.

27. A stone thrown upward with a speed u from the top of a tower reaches the ground with a velocity 4u. The height of

the tower is

(1)

15u 2

2g

(2)

7u 2

2g

(3)

16u 2

g

(4) Zero

v u 2 2gh

(4u )2 u 2 2gh

15u 2

16u 2 u 2

h h

2g

2g

28. If magnitude of average speed and average velocity over an interval of time are same, then

(1) Particle must move with zero acceleration

(2) Particle must move with uniform acceleration

(3) Particle must be at rest

(4) Particle must move in a straight line without turning back

Sol. Answer (4)

Particle should have same distance and displacement in order to have final average speed and average velocity

which is only possible only in case of an object moving on a straight line without turning back.

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66

Solution of Assignment

29. A body is dropped from a certain height h (h is very large) and second body is thrown downward with velocity of 5

m/s simultaneouly. What will be difference in heights of the two bodies after 3 s?

(1) 5 m

(2) 10 m

(3) 15 m

(4) 20 m

urel u1 u2 0 ( 5) 5 ms1

t=3s

arel a1 a2 g ( g ) 0 ms2

srel urel t

1

arel t 2

2

srel 5 3 15 m

( arel 0)

So, srel 15 m

30. Ball A is thrown up vertically with speed 10 m/s. At the same instant another ball B is released from rest at height

h. At time t, the speed of A relative to B is

(1) 10 m/s

(2) 10 2 gt

(3)

10 2 2gh

(4) 10 gt

v A 10 ms1 10t

v B 0 10t

v AB v A v B 10 (10t ) ( 10t ) 10 10t 10t = 0

v AB 10 ms 1

31. A man moves in an open field such that after moving 10 m on a straight line, he makes a sharp turn of 60 to

his left. The total displacement after 8 such turn is equal to

(1) 12 m

(2) 15 m

(3) 17.32 m

(4) 14.14 m

60

60

Displacement = AB

60

102 102 2 102

1 10 3 m

2

60

10 m

60

17.32 m AB

60

10 m

32. A body starts from origin and moves along x-axis so that its position at any instant is x = 4t2 12t where t

is in second and v in m/s. What is the acceleration of particle?

(1) 4 m/s2

(2) 8 m/s2

(3) 24 m/s2

(4) 0 m/s2

x 4t 2 12t

v

a

dx

8t 12

dt

d2x

dt 2

a 8 ms2

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Solution of Assignment

67

33. Position time graph of a particle moving along straight line is shown which is in the form of semicircle starting

from t = 2 to t = 8 s. Select correct statement

x(m)

(0, 0) 2

t(s)

(2) Velocity of particle is opposite to acceleration between t = 2 to t = 5 s

(3) Velocity of particle is opposite to acceleration between t = 5 to t = 8 s

(4) Acceleration of particle is positive between t1 = 2 s to t2 = 5 s while it is negative between t1 = 5 s to

t2 = 8 s

x(m)

(i) From 0 to 2 s the velocity = 0 as displacement

is zero.

(ii) From 2 to 5 s velocity is decreasing but nature

is positive, but acceleration is negative.

(0, 0)

t(s)

34. Two bodies starts moving from same point along a straight line with velocities v 1 = 6 m/s and

v2 = 10 m/s, simultaneously. After what time their separation becomes 40 m?

(1) 6 s

(2) 8 s

(3) 12 s

(4) 10 s

srel urel t

1

arel t 2

2

arel = 0,

40 (10 6) t

40

t t 10 s

4

SECTION - C

Previous Years Questions

1.

A particle of unit mass undergoes one-dimensional motion such that its velocity varies according to v(x) = x2n,

where and n are constants and x is the position of the particle. The acceleration of the particle as a function of

x, is given by

[AIPMT-2015]

(1) 2n2 e4n + 1

(4) 22 x2n + 1

2.

A stone falls freely under gravity. It covers distances h1, h2 and h3 in the first 5 seconds, the next

5 seconds and the next 5 seconds respectively. The relation between h1, h2 and h3 is

[NEET-2013]

(1) h1

h2 h3

3

5

(3) h1 = h2 = h3

68

Solution of Assignment

When a body starts from rest and under the effect of constant acceleration then the distance travelled by the

body in final time intervals is in the ratio of odd number i.e., 1 : 3 : 5 : 7

So, h1 : h2 : h3 1 : 3 : 5

h1 1 h1 1

h2 3 , h3 5

3.

h1

h3

h2

, h1

3

5

So, h1

h2 h3

3

5

The motion of a particle along a straight line is described by equation x = 8 + 12t t3 where x is in metre

and t in second. The retardation of the particle when its velocity becomes zero, is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2012]

(1) 6 ms2

(2) 12 ms2

(3) 24 ms2

(4) Zero

x = 8 + 12t t3

dx

12 3t 2

dt

If v = 0, then 12 3t2 = 0

4 = t2 t 2 s

a

d2x

dt 2

6t

a t 2 s 12 ms2

| a | 12 ms 2

4.

A boy standing at the top of a tower of 20 m height drops a stone. Assuming g = 10 ms2, the velocity with

which it hits the ground is

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2011]

(1) 5.0 m/s

s ut

1 2

gt

2

20

1

10 t 2

2

u=0

( u 0)

20 m

40 = 10t2

t2s

v = u gt

v 20 ms1

| v | 20 ms 1

( u 0)

Solution of Assignment

5.

69

A particle covers half of its total distance with speed v1 and the rest half distance with speed v2. Its average

speed during the complete journey is

[AIPMT (Mains)-2011]

(1)

v 12v 22

v12 v 22

(2)

v1v 2

(3) v v

1

2

v1 v 2

2

2v1v 2

(4) v v

1

2

As the distances are same so,

v av

6.

v1

v2

2v1v 2

v1 v 2

A ball is dropped from a high rise platform at t = 0 starting from rest. After 6 seconds another ball is thrown

downwards from the same platform with a speed v. The two balls meet at t = 18 s. What is the value of v?

(Take g = 10 m/s2)

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2010]

(1) 60 m/s

(2) 75 m/s

(3) 55 m/s

(4) 40 m/s

u=0

1st body t

2nd body (t 6) as theorem after 6 s.

1st body

2nd body

1

h gt 2

2

h v (t 6)

1 2

gt

2

...(i)

h v (t 2)

1

g (t 6)2

2

1

(t 2)2

2

...(ii)

v = 75 m/s

For fitst body, t = 18 s

For second body, t = (18 6) = 12 s

1

10 (18)2 5 324

2

h = 1620 m

For second body

1

10 (18 6)2

2

1620 = v 12 + 5 144

1600 = v (18 6) +

1620 720

v

12

900

v

12

v 75 ms1

70

7.

Solution of Assignment

A particle moves a distance x in time t according to equation x = (t + 5)1. The acceleration of particle is

proportional to

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2010]

(1) (Velocity)3/2

(2) (Distance)2

(3) (Distance)2

(4) (Velocity)2/3

x = (t + 5)1

d n

n 1

dx ( x ) nx

dx

( 1)(t 5)2

dt

v = (t + 5)2

a

dv

( 1)( 2)(t 5)3

dt

a 2(t 5)

2(t 5)

(t 5)

1

1

2

v

v

2

t 5

(t 5)

2(v ) v 2

3

a 2v 2

3

a (velocity) 2

8.

A bus is moving with a speed of 10 ms1 on a straight road. A scooterist wishes to overtake the bus in

100 s. If the bus is at a distance of 1 km from the scooterist, with what speed should the scooterist chase

the bus?

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2009]

(1) 40 ms1

(2) 25 ms1

(3) 10 ms1

(4) 20 ms1

10 ms1

T = 100 s

Srel = 1000 m

Srel = Urel t

( arel 0)

1 km

v 20 ms1

9.

A particle starts its motion from rest under the action of a constant force. If the distance covered in first

10 seconds is S1 and that covered in the first 20 seconds is S2, then

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2009]

(1) S2 = 3S1

(2) S2 = 4S1

(3) S2 = S1

(4) S2 = 2S1

u = 0, a Constant

S1

1

1

a (10)2 , S2 a (20)2

2

2

S1

102

100

2

S2 (20)

400

S2 4S1

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Solution of Assignment

71

10. A particle shows distance-time curve as given in this figure. The maximum instantaneous velocity of the particle

is around the point

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]

Distance

D

C

S

A

B

Time t

(1) A

(2) B

(3) C

(4) D

Maximum instantaneous velocity will be at that point which has maximum slope.

As clear from the graph 'C' has maximum slope.

11. A particle moves in a straight line with a constant acceleration. It changes its velocity from 10 ms1 to 20 ms1

while passing through a distance 135 m in t second. The value of t is

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]

(1) 9

(2) 10

(3) 1.8

(4) 12

Using 3rd equation, we first find acceleration,

v2 u2 = 2as

202 102 = 2a 135

300

a

2 135

10

20

ms2 a

9

18

v = u + at

20 10

10

10

t

9

10

t

9

t 9s

4

ms2, in the third

3

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]

12. The distance travelled by a particle starting from rest and moving with an acceleration

second is

(1)

19

m

3

(2) 6 m

(3) 4 m

(4)

10

m

3

n th

a

(2n 1)

2

n = 3, (given), a

n th

a

(2n 1)

2

Sn th 0

4

ms2

3

4 1

2

(2 3 1) = 5

3 2

3

10

m S rd

3

3

72

Solution of Assignment

13. A particle moving along x-axis has acceleration f, at time t, given f f0 1 , where f0 and T are constants.

T

The particle at t = 0 has zero velocity. When f = 0, the particles velocity (vx) is

(1)

1

f0T

2

(2) f0T

(3)

1

f0T 2

2

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2007]

(4) f0T 2

14. A car moves from x to y with a uniform speed vu and returns to y with a uniform speed vd. The average speed

for this round trip is

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2007]

(3)

2v u v d

(2) v v

d

u

vu v d

2

(4)

vuvd

vd vu

(4) v v

d

u

Repeated.

15. The position x of a particle with respect to time t along x-axis is given by x = 9t2 t3, where x is in metres

and t in seconds. What will be the position of this particle when it achieves maximum speed along the positive

x-direction?

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2007]

(1) 24 m

(2) 32 m

(3) 54 m

(4) 81 m

x = 9t2 t3

dx

18t 3t 2

dt

v = 18t 3t2

To find the maxima of speed,

dv

18 6t

dt

dv

0

Put,

dt

18 6t = 0

t 3s

x t 3 s 9(32 ) 33

x 54 m

16. A particle moves along a straight line OX. At a time t (in seconds) the distance x (in metres) of the particle

from O is given by x = 40 + 12t t3. How long would the particle travel before coming to rest?

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2006]

(1) 24 m

(2) 40 m

(3) 56 m

(4) 16 m

x 40 12t t 3

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Solution of Assignment

73

v

dx

12 3t 2

dt

v=0

12 = 3t2

t2 = 4 t 2 s

x t 0 40 m ,

x t 2 s 40 12 2 8 = 40 + 24 8 = 40 + 16 56 m

Distance travelled = (56 40) = 16 m

17. Two bodies, A (of mass 1 kg) and B (of mass 3 kg) are dropped from heights of 16 m and 25 m,

respectively. The ratio of the time taken by them to reach the ground is

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2006]

(1)

5

4

(2)

12

5

(3)

5

12

(4)

4

5

2H

T H

g

T1

T

2

H1

H2

T1

T2

T1 4

T2 5

16 4

25 5

(Given, H1 = 16 m, H2 = 25 m)

18. The displacement x of a particle varies with time t as x = aet + bet, where a, b, and are positive

constants. The velocity of the particle will

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2005]

(1) Go on decreasing with time

(2) Be independent of

x ae t bet

dx

a( ) e t b () et

dt

v bet ae t

As we increase time et increases and et decreases.

So, v keeps on increasing with time.

Aakash Educational Services Pvt. Ltd. - Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

74

Solution of Assignment

19. A ball is thrown vertically upward. It has a speed of 10 m/s when it has reached one half of its maximum height.

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2005]

How high does the ball rise? (Taking g = 10 m/s2)

(1) 15 m

(2) 10 m

(3) 20 m

(4) 5 m

20. The displacement 'x' (in meter) of a particle of mass 'm' (in kg) moving in one dimension under the action of a

force, is related to time 't' (in sec) by t x 3 . The displacement of the particle when its velocity is zero, will

be

(1) 2 m

(2) 4 m

(3) 0 m (zero)

(4) 6 m

t

x 3

x x (t 3)2 t 2 9 6t

(t 3)

dx

2t 6

dt

v

If v = 0,

2t 6 = 0

At, t = 3 s,

t 3s

x=?

x (t 3)2 (3 3)2

x0

Speed (ms1)

21. The speed-time graph of a particle moving along a solid curve is shown below. The distance traversed by the

particle from t = 0 to t = 3 is

2

1.5

1

1

2

Time (second)

(1)

9

m

2

(2)

9

m

4

(3)

10

m

3

(4)

10

m

5

Speed

1.5 ms1

1

1 ms

t=0

1s

2s

t=3s

Area =

1

9

3 1.5

m

2

4

Solution of Assignment

75

Displacement

22. The displacement-time graph of a moving particle is shown below. The instantaneous velocity of the particle

is negative at the point

E

Time

(1) E

(2) F

(3) C

(4) D

x

The angle made by the tangent at point 'C' is obtuse hence

tan QE = negative, so slope = negative

QE

23. Two bodies A (of mass 1 kg) and B (of mass 3 kg) are dropped from heights of 16 m and 25 m, respectively.

The ratio of the time taken by them to reach the ground is

4

5

Sol. Answer (1)

(2)

(1)

24.

5

4

(3)

12

5

(4)

5

12

A particle moving along x-axis has acceleration f at time t given by f f0 1 , where f0 and T are

T

constants. The particle at t = 0 has zero velocity. In the time interval between t = 0 and the instant when

f = 0, the particles velocity (vx) is

(1)

1

f0T 2

2

(2) f0T2

(3)

1

f0T

2

(4) f0T

f f0 1

T

f Acceleration

f0 Initial acceleration

Initial/lower limit of time = 0, u = 0

Upper limit of time = T, v = ?

dv

a

dt

vx

dv adt

dv f0 1 dt

T

vx

vx

0

f0 t

T

0

f t2

0

T 2

T

0

v x 0 f0 (T 0)

v x f0T

vx

f0

(T 2 0)

2T

1

f0T

2

1

f0T

2

76

Solution of Assignment

25. A bus is moving with a speed of 10 ms1 on a straight road. A scooterist wishes to overtake the bus in 100

s. If the bus is at a distance of 1 km from the scooterist, with what speed should the scooterist chase the

bus?

(1) 10 ms1

(2) 20 ms1

(3) 40 ms1

(4) 25 ms1

Repeated

26. A ball is dropped from a high rise platform at t = 0 starting from rest. After 6 seconds another ball is thrown

downwards from the same platform with a speed v. The two balls meet at t = 18 s. What is the value of v?

(Take g = 10 m/s2)

(1) 60 m/s

(2) 75 m/s

(3) 55 m/s

(4) 40 m/s

Repeated

27. The velocity of train increases uniformly from 20 km/h to 60 km/h in 4 hour. The distance travelled by the

train during this period is

(1) 160 km

(2) 180 km

(3) 100 km

(4) 120 km

v2 u2 = 2as

v = u + at

60 = 20 + a 4

40 = 4a

a 10 km/h2

602 202 = 2 10 s

3600 400

s

20

s 160 km

28. A particle moves along a straight line such that its displacement at any time t is given by s = (t3 6t2

3t + 4) metres. The velocity when the acceleration is zero is

(1) 3 m/s

(2) 42 m/s

(3) 9 m/s

(4) 15 m/s

s = t3 6t 3t + 4

v

ds

3t 2 12t 3

dt

dv

6t 12

dt

Solution of Assignment

Put a = 0

77

6t 12 = 0

t2s

v t 2 s 3(2)2 12(2) 3

= 12 24 3

= 12 3

v 15 ms1

29. A car accelerates from rest at a constant rate for some time after which it decelerates at a constant rate

and comes to rest. If total time elapsed is t, then maximum velocity acquired by car will be

(1)

( 2 2 ) t

(2)

( 2 2 ) t

( ) t

(3)

(4)

v max

v max

In ABC, tan slope t

1

In BCD, 1

v max

T t1

t1 T t1

t1

vmax

t1 C

T

v max t1

v max

30. The water drops fall at regular intervals from a tap 5 m above the ground. The third drop is leaving the tap

at instant the first drop touches the ground. How far above the ground is the second drop at that instant?

(Take g = 10 ms2)

(1) 3.75 m

(2) 4.00 m

(3) 1.25 m

(4) 2.50 m

x = 3x = 5 m

4x = 5 m

x 1.25 m

So, second drop is at 3x

5m

3rd drop

2nd drop

3x

1st drop

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78

Solution of Assignment

31. The acceleration of a particle is increasing linearly with time t as bt. The particle starts from origin with an

initial velocity v0. The distance travelled by the particle in time t will be

(1) v 0 t

1 2

bt

3

(2) v 0 t

1 2

bt

2

(3) v 0 t

1 3

bt

6

(4) v 0 t

1 3

bt

3

a = bt

u = v0

a

dv

dt

v0

dv adt

v

dv btdt

v0

v v0

bt 2

2

v v0

b 2

(t 0)

2

v v0

1 2

bt

2

Now, v

dx

dt

dx vdt

x

1 2

dx v 0 2 bt dt

0

0

x v 0t

1 3

bt

6

32. If a car at rest accelerates uniformly to a speed of144 km/h in 20 s, it covers a distance of

(1) 1440 cm

(2) 2980 cm

(3) 20 m

(4) 400 m

u = 0, a constant

v = 144 km/h1 = 144

5

= 40 ms1

18

1 2 1

at 2 400

2

2

t = 20 s

v = u + at

s 400 m

40 = a 20

a 2 ms2

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Solution of Assignment

79

33. The position x of a particle varies with time, (t) as x = at2 bt3. The acceleration will be zero at time t equal to

(1)

a

3b

(2) Zero

(3)

2a

3b

(4)

a

b

x = at2 bt3

dx

2at 3bt 2

dt

dv

2a 6bt

dt

2a = 6bt

a

3b

s = (3t3 + 7t2 + 14t + 8) m

The value of acceleration of the particle at t = 1 s is

(1) 10 m/s2

(2) 32 m/s2

(3) 23 m/s2

(4) 16 m/s2

s = 3t3 + 7t2 + 14t + 8

ds

9t 2 14t 14

dt

d 2s

dt 2

18t 14

a t 1 s 18 14

a t 1 s 32 ms2

35. If a ball is thrown vertically upwards with speed u, the distance covered during the last t seconds of its ascent

is

(1) ut

(2)

1 2

gt

2

(3) ut

1 2

gt

2

(4) (u + gt)t

As the motion is symmetric the distances covered during the last t seconds of ascent is same as that travelled

during 1st t seconds of descent.

At highest point, v = 0

1

s gt 2

2

1 2

gt

2

80

Solution of Assignment

36. A man throws balls with the same speed vertically upwards one after the other at an interval of

2 second. What should be the speed of the throw so that more than two balls are in the sky at any time?

(Given g = 9.8 m/s2)

(1) More than 19.6 m/s

For move than two ball in air, time of flight should be

Total time of flight

2u

g

2u

g

2 9.8 u

u 19.6 ms1

37. A particle is moving such that its position coordinates (x, y) are

(2 m, 3 m) at time t = 0,

(6 m, 7 m) at time t = 2 s and

(13 m, 14 m) at time t = 5 s

Average velocity vector (Vav ) from t = 0 to t = 5 s is

(1)

1

(13i 14 j )

5

(2)

7

(i j )

3

(3) 2(i j )

(4)

11

(i j )

5

Vav

rf ri

13 2 i 14 3 j 11 i j

=

5

t

5 0

SECTION - D

Assertion - Reason Type Questions

1.

R : Accelerated body cannot have constant velocity.

2.

R : A ball projected upward reverse its direction under the effect of gravity.

3.

A : When the velocity of an object is zero at an instant, the acceleration need not be zero at that instant.

R : In motion under gravity, the velocity of body is zero at the top-most point.

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Solution of Assignment

4.

81

R : The speed of body decreases, when acceleration of body is opposite to velocity.

5.

R : Distance is a scalar quantity and never decreases with time for moving object.

6.

A : If speed of a particle is never zero than it may have zero average speed.

R : The average speed of a moving object in a closed path is zero.

7.

A : The magnitude of average velocity in an interval can never be greater than average speed in that interval.

R : For a moving object distance travelled | Displacement |

8.

R : For an object moving with constant acceleration, position-time graph is a straight line.

9.

A : The motion of body projected under the effect of gravity without air resistance is uniformly accelerated

motion.

R : If a body is projected upwards or downwards, then the direction of acceleration is downward.

10. A : The relative acceleration of two objects moving under the effect of gravity ,only is always zero, irrespective of

direction of motion.

R : The acceleration of object moving under the effect of gravity have acceleration always in downward direction

and is independent from size and mass of object.

Sol. Answer (1)

11. A : In the presence of air resistance, if the ball is thrown vertically upwards then time of ascent is less than the

time of descent.

R : Force due to air friction always acts opposite to the motion of the body.

Sol. Answer (1)

path length

time

Sol. Answer (1)

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82

Solution of Assignment

13. A : The displacement (s) time graph shown in the figure represents an accelerated motion.

t

R : Slope of graph increases with time.

Sol. Answer (1)

14. A : Average velocity can be zero, but average speed of a moving body can not be zero in any finite time interval.

R : For a moving body displacement can be zero but distance can never be zero.

Sol. Answer (1)

15. A : For a particle moving in a straight line, its acceleration must be either parallel or antiparallel to velocity.

R : A body moving along a curved path may have constant acceleration.

Sol. Answer (2)

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