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StudentBook4AnswerKey
13. am wearing / m wearing
14. applied 15. knew 16. was 17. wanted
18. like
19. miss 20. feel

Unit1
Page3
QuickCheck
A

1. c

2. b

3. d

4. a

1. false (Sputnik was a satellite, or Laika was a


space dog.)
2. true
3. false (It has 27 members.)
4. false (It came into use in 2002.)
5. false (They are something of the present.)

Answers will vary. A sample answer:


A: Have you ever eaten fish and chips?
B: Yes, I have.
A: Do you like it?
B: Do you eat it often?
A: Yes, I do. Its cheap.
Page6
Listening

1. true 2. false 3. true


4. false 5. true 6. true

Page4
Grammar
A

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

am living / m living
is boiling
do not understand / dont understand
Does it snow
goes
do you think
is increasing
do not remember / dont remember
does not use / doesnt use
is not working / s not working / isnt working

Page5
B

1.
2.
6.
10.
12.

Page7
Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. They are from Leipzig, Germany.
2. Her family has been in the western part of
Germany since soon after the reunification.
3. No, he hasnt.
4. Hes allowed to work legally in Germany
because his grandparents were from Germany.
5. No, he isnt. He is happy in Germany.
Page9
Reading
A

are not working / arent working


is
3. live 4. help 5. meet
was 7. arrive 8. got 9. have
is
11. have not seen / havent seen
are swimming / re swimming

1. a 2. c 3. b 4. b 5. c 6. b
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. lose consciousness
2. a large number of different products
3. makes someone feel dizzy

228
cameras, and theyre interested in becoming
cinematographers.
3. Lenas been working in a nursing home for two
years. Shes good at helping people, and shes
interested in becoming a nurse.
4. Joes been working for a newspaper for a while.
Hes good at interviewing people, and hes
interested in becoming a reporter.

All three stories are about people who return to


society after being asleep or unconscious for a long
time. The stories of Rip Van Winkle and Kathrin Sass
are made up, but Jan Grzebskis story is true.

Unit2
Page11
A

QuickCheck

Answers will vary.


B

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

false (She makes models.)


true
false (He creates ice-cream flavors.)
true
true

Page12
Grammar
A

1.
2.
3.
4.

Ive been looking for, havent found


has worked
has been making, hasnt received
have you read

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Ive been studying English for six years.
2. Ive three teachers.
3. Ive used six books.
4. Ive been using this book for three weeks.
C

1. Sallys been working in a restaurant for six


months. Shes good at making things, and
shes interested in becoming a chef.
2. Nancy and Paul have been working at a film
studio for a year. Theyre good at using

Page13
E

Answers will vary: Sample answers.


A: What has the utility worker been doing during
the rain?
B: Hes been trying to repair the stoplight.
A: What has the man at the newsstand been doing?
B: Hes been eating candy bars.
A: What has the traffic crop been doing?
B: Hes been detecting traffic.
A: What has the driver in traffic been doing?
B: Hes been listening to music.
A: What has the taxi driver been doing?
B: Hes been talking to his passenger.
A: What has the bride been doing?
B: Shes been crying because she is late for
her wedding.
A: What has the dog been doing?
B: Hes been barking at people.
A: What has the people in the caf been doing?
B: Theyre been drinking coffee.
A: What has the man under an umbrella been
doing?
B: Hes been waiting for the rain to stop.
A: What has the child been doing?
B: Hes been playing in the rain.

229
3. wont run / arent going to run / wont be running
/ arent going to be running
4. wont control / arent going to control / wont be
controlling / are going to be controlling
5. will listen / are going to listen / will be listening /
are going to be listening
6. will be / are going to be

Page14
Listening

Answers will vary. Sample answers:.


Candidate = Name: Michael; Education: majored in
architecture, courses in marketing; Skills: good at
communicating with people architectural skills;
Experience: 3 years as architect in apartment
building company, part-time sales job in college
Job Applied for = Working hours: 50-60 hours a
week; Salary: high-paying; Job description: be
involve in work through all stages, from selling to
clients, to designing an putting up exhibit stands
Page15
Conversation

1. true
5. true

2. false 3. false 4. true

1. true
5. true

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


People probably will be using ballpoint pens. People
will always need to write. We cant use computers for
everything. People wont be readings magazines like
we have today. I think people will only read them
electronically.
C

Page17
Reading

Page21

2. false 3. false 4. true


6. false

Unit3
Page19
QuickCheck
A

1. adventure
4. kitchen

2. fast food 3. used


5. hair

The fallowing should be marked: 1,2,4 and 6


Page20
Grammar

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


A: Do you think there will be enough food for
everyone in the world?
B: I believe there will be. Scientists will figure out a
way to feed more people with the resources we
have.
Page22
Listening

Name:
Past:
Future:
Name:
Past:

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. will live / are going to live / will be living / are
going to be living
2. will study / are going to study / will be studying
/ are going to be studying

Future:
Name:
Past:
Future:

Luke
He was a good runner in school races.
He will be a physical education teacher.
Miriam
She was a captain of the debate team,
and good at defending her point of view.
She will be a lawyer.
Jeff
He was the first violinist in the school
orchestra.
He will be a professional musician/violinist.

230
Name:
Past:
Future:

Olivia
She raised money and worked for good
causes.
She will be a social worker.

Page23
Conversation

1. The intelligent house will monitor lighting,


security, ventilation, heating, and audiovisual
system
2. When someone enters the house, the lights
will come on at night, the climate control will be
activated, and music will play.
3. You will be able to call your refrigerator and
find out about things in it.
4. The reporter would like robot to do the
cleaning, washing, and cooking.

2. live long enough to win the prize


3. will find a womans purse and its contents

ExpansionUnits13
Page26
LanguageReview
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Have you been waiting for the bus a long time?
2. Have you been eating chocolate?
3. Have you been cleaning the house?
4. Have you been skiing?
5. Have you been jogging?
6. Have you been sleeping?
B

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Page25
Reading
A

1. a 2. c 3. c 4. b 5. b 6. c
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The purpose was to show how people lived in
Tulsa in 1957.
2. They included the gas in case the combustion
engine became obsolete.
3. The microfilm is obsolete.
4. The winner of the contest was going to be the
one who guess the population of Tulsa in 2007.
5. Water got into the vault, and the car was
covered in rust. The microfilm for the contest
wasnt found.
C

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. see what Tulsa was like in 1957

has stolen
have been living / ve been living
have you been waiting
havent slept
Have you been using
have been painting, have only finished / ve
only finished

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. have you been acting in movies
2. books have you written
3. cakes have you made
4. have you been playing the piano
5. have you been studying English
Page27
D

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. People have been styling there hair for 30,000
years.
2. Woman have been using corsets for almost
4,000 years.

231
3. Men have been wearing a neckties for more
than 300 hundred years.
4. Men have commonly been wearing top hats for
more than 150 years.
5. People have been wearing athletic shoes with
rubber soles for about 50 years.
6. Woman have been wearing pedal pushers for
more than 50 years.
7. Woman have been wearing miniskirts on and
off for 50 years.
E

Answers will vary.

used to show the community that a person


belongs to.
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. to decorate their bodies
2. to be attractive to the opposite sex
3. in the rituals before marriage
4. they want to show the community they belong
to and their place in the community
Page31
Vocabulary
A

1. d

Page29
Reading
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The latest trends mentioned in the reading are
colored hair and tattoos.
2. People have been decorating their bodies for a
very long time, perhaps for 80,000 to 100,000
years.
3. Egyptians have been wearing makeup for
10,000 years.
4. The ancient Egyptians ground colored stone
like green malachite into powder.
5. The Celts used to dye their hair bright red or
bright blue.
6. At the beauty contest in Niger, men paint their
faces and wear bright costumes. Women from
neighboring groups judge the men on their
looks and personality.
7. Body painting is used in different ways in
different cultures. In some cultures, It is used
for rituals such as marriage. In others, It is

2. e

3. b

4. a

5. c

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. to show a person what to do and how to do
something
2. something that is worthless and easily
destroyed.
Comprehension

AA

1. true
5. true

2. false 3. true

4. false

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. that I will be alive when my children are grown
up
2. what my children will be like when they grow up
3. not be alive when my children are grown up
4. pray that my children will have love in their own
homes

Unit4
Page33
QuickCheck

232
11. has been enjoyed

Answers will vary. Sample Answers:


Car: tiny classic, new
Suitcase: most expensive, friendly, lighter than any
other bag, price as high as a car
Bike: portable, smaller and less bulky, attractive
B

Perfume ad: most refreshing


Toothpaste ad: cleaner, brighter
Pet Food ad: healthier
Hand-held device ad: most reliable
D

1. true
5. true

2. false 3. false 4. true


6. true

Answers will vary.


E

1. sounds (or looks)


4. taste

Page34
Grammar
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The fist car was made by Karl Benz in 1886.
2. Cars are produced (by companies) all over the
world nowadays.
3. In the future, smaller and smaller cars will be
driven (by people).
4. Perfume, watches, and jewelry are made by
Cartier.
5. The perfume industry was started by Francois
Coty in the late 1800s.
6. Famous perfumes have been produced by the
French for many years.
7. In the future, more and more hybrid cars will be
bought (by people).
8. In the past, bikes were used by many people
to go to work.

1.
3.
5.
7.
9.

are made
was used
was invented
was worn
was packaged

2.
4.
6.
8.
10.

were considered
was opened
were sprayed
was named
was launched

3. smells
6. look

Page36
LanguageinContext

Answers at bottom of page in Student Book


1. d
2. g
3. e
4. a
5. i
6. h
7. j
8. c
9. f
10. b
Listening

1. b

2. d

3. a

4. c

Page37
Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answer:


The scooter has a frame at the back. The dog is tied
inside the frame. The scooter is pushed toward the
dog walks. A person stands on the scooter as the
dog pushes it.
Page39
Reading
A

1. b
6. c

Page35
B

2. look
5. sound

2. a
7. a

3. b

4. c

Answers will vary.


C

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Since the 1950s.

5. a

233
2. He didnt have enough money to pay for a
business dinner.
3. He thought people should be able to spend
what they could afford.
4. charge it
5. Hollywood made a film about it, and a board
game called Diners Club was created.
6. It became a status symbol.
7. It started for using in restaurants and then
expanded to other businesses and to other
countries.

The child got an electric shock because he put


his finger in the socket.
4. There wasnt any water to put out the fire, so we
had to use sand.
We had to use sand because there wasnt any
water to put out the fire.
5. Johanna was riding too fast, so she fell off her
bike.
Johanna fell off her bike because she was
riding too fast.
6. I didnt read the Wet Paint, so I got my hands
all blue.
I got my hands all blue because I didnt read
the Wet Paint sign.

Unit5
Page41
QuickCheck
A

1. so
4. so

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


hurt, got a shock, injured, cut yourself

2. because
5. because

3. because
6. so

1. true
5. true

2. false 3. false 4. true

Page42
Grammar

1. herself
4. himself

2. yourself
5. themselves

3. myself
6. ourselves

Page43
B

1. The floor was wet, so Michelle slipped and fell.


Michelle slipped and fell because the floor was
wet.
2. Julian wasnt wearing a seat belt, so he hit his
head on the windshield.
Julian hit his head on the windshield because
he wasnt wearing a seat belt.
3. The child put his finger in the socket, so he got
an electric shock.

1.
3.
5.
7.
9.

Neither have I.
So do I.
Neither do I.
So do I.
Neither am I.

2.
4.
6.
8.

So do I.
Neither did I.
So am I.
So did I.

Page44
LanguageinContext

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

b
c
f
d
a
e

He sprained his ankle.


She poked herself in the eye.
She broke her arm.
He burned his hand.
She cut her finger.
He broke his nose.

Listening

pill, stove, windows, sockets, pots and pans,


superheroes

234
1. You should call the counselors on the website.
2. They shouldnt avoid food.
3. Some young people avoid food to look
attractive.
4. You might take up a sport or work out.
5. They should go out in couples and stay in
public places. They should carry a cell phone.

Page45
Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Javiers motorcycle skidded on a patch of oil,
and it crashed into a car.
2. He was lucky because he was wearing a
helmet, and it probably saved his life.
3. Elena was cycling in the park. A squirrel and a
dog ran in front of her, so she swerved to avoid
them and hit a tree.
4. Elena is sorry for Javier because he is going to
be stuck in a wheelchair for a while.
5. He says that with two casts, he has enough
room for all his friends to write their names on
his casts.

Page50
Grammar
A

1. filled it out
2. took it back 3. cut it off
4. threw them away 5. turn it off
Page51
B

1. throw away
3. put off
5. break up with

Page47
Reading
A

2. put up with
4. take up, give up
6. dont get along, put up with

1. d 2. e 3. f 4. b 5. a 6. c

1. You shouldnt stay home. You ought to go out


with friends. You might take up a hobby.
2. You could go to clubs, or you might take a
class.
3. You shouldnt blame yourself. You ought not to
be depressed.
4. You ought to get a nicotine patch.
5. Youd better give up sweets. You ought to eat
more vegetables.
6. You should have more confidence in yourself.
7. You should go out and have fun. You might
volunteer to help others.
8. Youd better bring your cell phone.

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Aeschylus was killed
2. should be careful of lighting
3. she fell on top of her husband and he died
4. it didnt open
5. couldnt believe her survived

Unit6
Page49
QuickCheck
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


youd better, you should, you ought to, you could,
you might
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Youd better go home.
2. Id better take a vacation.

235
3. Theyre better go to bed.
4. Were better buy a new sofa.

2. He says that Mizuki should talk to her parents


and explain to them that they can trust her.
3. He says that Mizukis parents are protective
because they are concerned about her wellbeing.
4. He gets along well with his parents.
5. He says that all parents are the same.

Page52
LanguageinContext

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


He ought to work less. He shouldnt work on
weekends. He ought not to drink a lot of coffee. He
should move closer to work. Hed better start to
exercise. He should go out with friends more. Hed
better take a vacation.

Page55
Reading
A

1. true

Listening

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Harvey
Problem: Hes gaining weight.
Doctors advice: He should change his diet and
take up a sport or do some other physical
activity.
2. Cindy
Problem: She doesnt like her nose.
Doctors Advice: She might want to talk to her
parents. She shouldnt try to look like someone
else.
3. Mike
Problem: He doesnt feel confident about
himself. He is afraid to talk to girls and ask
them for a date.
Doctors Advice: He should get involved in
activities where he has to talk to other people.
He ought to act naturally with girls.
Page53
Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Mizukis parents always want to know where
she is and what shes doing.

2. false 3. true

4. false

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. trust, honesty, and respect between the
partners
2. verbal or physical abuse
3. reach your personal goals and dreams
4. break up
5. feel sorry for yourself

ExpansionUnits46
Page56
LanguageReview
A

1.
2.
3.
4.

You should take a math course.


You shouldnt skate without a helmet.
The police should do more about crime.
You shouldnt travel without a hotel reservation.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Youd better take a math course.


Youd better not skate without a helmet.
The police had better do more about crime.
Youd better not travel without a hotel
reservation.

236
shorter, and the line between the childhood
and adulthood is less and less clear.
3. You should avoid unnecessary worry and
become better organized. You should see if
you have a problem with stress and you should
try to deal with your problems one step at a
time.

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. she ought to study for it tonight
2. You ought to put on a jacket
3. you ought to go home
4. The driver ought to get a ticket
D

1. myself
4. herself
7. himself

2. yourself
5. itself

3. themselves
6. ourselves

1. gave up
2. took up 3. turned down
4. put off
5. broke up 6. didnt get along
7. throw away 8. broke down
F

is located
are offered
is surrounded
are prepared
will be designed
will be improved

Vocabulary
A

Page57

1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
11.

Page61

2.
4.
6.
8.
10.
12.

was built
are decorated
is dedicated
are used
will be created
will be reduced

Page59
Reading
A

1. d 2. f 3. c 4. e 5. a 6. b
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Teen can experience stress related to money,
family problems, self-esteem, acceptance by
peers, getting acceptance into college,
choosing a career, and pressure to do well in
school, sports, or clubs.
2. Stress among teens is more common
nowadays because childhood has gotten

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. something that is currently very popular, such
as a fashion or a type of clothing
2. the entire family; a large group of people who
are often together
3. theyre the very best
B

b
Comprehension
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The latest craze is to wear flip-flops.
2. Theyre made of rubber, plastic, or leather.
3. Theyre good for kids, mom and dad. This
means theyre good for everyone.
4. They can be worn everywhere.
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. They can come in all colors, sizes, and styles.
2. Theyre made of rubber, plastic, or leather.
3. Theyre light.

Unit7
Page63
QuickCheck

237
b. change the meeting to Friday at the same
time
2. a. visiting New York
b. having friends stay with her
3. a. coming to Rons birthday party
b. bringing his cousin to Rons party
4. a. hanging on his history project
b. hand the project in a couple days late

To start: Dear Mr. Silva, Hi Olivia


To end: Best regards, Love
B

1. true 2. false 3. true 4. false


5. false 6. true
Page64
Grammar
A

1. In spite of
4. in spite of

2. Although
5. Although

3. although

Page67
Conversation

1. Liz was looking forward to going to Ericas


birthday party.
2. Liz has to go to a family party for her parents
wedding anniversary.
3. She wants Liz to leave the party early.

Page65
B

1. during
3. in spite of
5. Although

2. because
4. As soon as
6. but

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. b 2. e 3. a 4. f 5. d 6. c
D

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. studying aboard
2. going away on vacation
3. studying engineering
4. going to your party
5. speaking in public
6. doing homework every night
7. arriving late
8. waking up early in the morning
9. going to bed late at night
10. going to the beach today
Page66
Listening

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. a. changing the time of an appointment

Page69
Reading

Answers will vary. Sample Answers:


1. the Stone Age
2. they knew the war party was returning and that
it was successful
3. can understand the drum language
4. starting a revolution in communication
5. there were 263 email boxes
6. being in constant touch with people who are
long distances away

Unit8
Page71
QuickCheck
A

1. d

2. c

3. e

4. a

1. true 2. false 3. true


5. false 6. true

4. true

5. b

238
Id build a sports complex.
Id have a library in every neighborhood.
Id encourage builders to build more houses
and apartment buildings.

Page72
Grammar
A

1. d 2. f 3. e 4. a 5. b 6. c
B

Answers will vary.


Page73
C

Answers will vary. Sample Answers:


1. If someone took my shopping cart by mistake,
Id just say, Sorry. Thats my cart.
2. If I were in a hotel and saw a famous musician
at a nearby table, I wouldnt bother the
celebrity and ask for an autograph.
3. If I lent a friend some money. Id politely ask
the money back.
4. If I lent a friend a dress for a special occasion
and the friend returned it with a spot, I wouldnt
say anything. Id just take the item to the dry
cleaners.
5. If I saw someone cheating on a test, I might tell
the teacher.

Answers may vary.


1. didnt /wouldnt smoke in the house
2. knew how to dance
3. would let me go out tomorrow night
4. werent raining
5. had enough money to buy a present
6. didnt have to wear a uniform to school
Page74
Listening
A

1. Robin: She wishes she didnt gain so much


weight and that she could eat all the sweets
she wanted.
Gina: She wishes she could put on some
weight.
2. Lynn: She wishes that she had a maid.
Mark: He wishes he had two maids.
3. Oscar: He could spend more time with his
family.
Sofia: She wishes she could spend more time
with her family.

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


If I were a mayor,
Id put more buses on the road.
Id have more shelters for the homeless.
Id pass laws against pollution by factories.
I have more police officers on the street.
Id limit access to the downtown area to buses
texis.
Id have more computers in schools.
Id build a new city hospital.
Id improve the telephone service.
Id have the garbage picked up more often.

Why?
1. Robin: She wants to eat sweet and still be slim.
Gina: She has trouble finding clothes that look
good on her.
2. Lynn: She doesnt like to do chores.
Mark: He has to clean before the maid comes
to clean.

239
3. Oscar: He has to work long hours to get ahead
at work. But he wants time to take his children
to places like the zoo.
Sofia: She has to work to make money. At
home, she is busy doing things and helping
her children. Sometimes when she gets home,
the children are already in bed.

3. Bob Bradley gave huge amounts of money to


charity. He didnt buy things for himself. He
gives money to make the dreams of his family
and friends come true.
C

Answers will vary.

Unit9

Page75

Page79

Conversation

QuickCheck

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. A guy won a million-dollar prize on TV game
show. A family won a $ 100 million in the
lottery.
2. Michael says that he wouldnt know what to do
with so much money.
3. Jennifer would give one third of the money to
her family on the condition that they wouldnt
ask for money ever again. She would spend
one third on traveling to places shes always
dreamed of visiting.
Page77
Reading
A

winning millions, bankruptcy, financial decisions,


investments, went, broke, spent his fortune, fine
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Bud Post tried to help his family, but his brother
tried to kill him. He invested money in business
but they failed.
2. Michael Carroll spent his fortune in 18 months.
He bought things like Mercedes and a villa in
Spain. He was in trouble with a law and paid
fines.

1.
2.
3.
4.

The walls are dirty and need to be repaired.


He says hell have the engine checked.
The sleeve of the jackets is torn.
The computer crashed.

Page80
Grammar
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


2. The air conditioner isnt working. It needs to
be repaired.
3. The pants are torn. They need to be sewn.
4. The knife doesnt cut. It needs to be
sharpened.
5. The car has a dent. The dent needs to be
repaired.
6. The button on the shirt is gone. It needs to be
sewn back on.
7. The heel on the shoes is broken. It needs to
be replaced.
8. The tire on the car is worn. It needs to be
replaced.
Page81
B

Answers will vary.

240
2. Kiko designs tight-fitting clothes in faded
colors.
3. The mother thinks that the jeans are torn and
that the material is falling apart.

Answers will vary.


D

1. have had / ve had


2. doesnt start / is not starting / s not starting /
isnt starting
3. might be
4. to be recharged
5. had, put in
6. to be repaired
7. is falling
8. to be fixed
9. have, fixed
10. said
Page82
LanguageinContext

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


Hair dryer: The instructions say that you should not
use the hair dyer while youre sleeping or use it in
water. The first part of the instructions is silly
because you cant use a hair dryer when youre
sleeping. The second part is important because a
hair dyer can be dangerous if it falls into water. It
can give you an electric shock.

Page85
Reading

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. It illustrates things seem to be wrong at
precisely the wrong time.
2. If anything can go wrong, it will.
3. Because the chances of getting in the fastest
lane arent that high. For example, if there are
five lines, our chance of getting a slower lane
is four out of five, or 80 percent.
4. He wanted to show that bad things always
happen according to the law of probability.

ExpansionUnits79
Page86
LanguageReview
A

1. when
4. so

Listening

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The shower isnt working. Theres no hot water.
2. The bathtub leaks.
3. The neighbor snores so loudly that the walls
shake and the guests cant sleep.
4. The towels and sheets arent changed every
day.

3. Although

1. I wish my family were rich.


2. I wish my boyfriend didnt talk about sports so
much.
3. I wish Betty could come to the party.
4. I wish I were tall.
5. I wish I could speak German. / I wish I spoke
German.

Page83
Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The salesperson wanted to be helpful, but she
didnt understand the problem with the jeans.
The jeans were in the latest style.

2. in spite of
5. as soon as

1.
2.
3.
4.

need to have it sharpened


need to be cleaned
need to be refilled them
need to have it recharged

241
5. needs to be checked
6. need to have them repaired

For better and for worse


Comprehension

Page87

1. The singer would live in a mansion if he were a


millionaire.
2. He would sail the seven seas. This means all
over the world.
3. They would eat pizza and Big Macs if they were
poor.
4. Hed give her pearls and diamonds.
5. He wants to know if she would stay by him if he
had no money.

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Id take piano lesson
2. Italy, Id eat pasta every day
3. Id like to have blue eyes
4. Id like to be a famous writer
5. Id go to China
E

1.
4.
7.
10.

sold
make
torn
playing

2.
5.
8.
11.

were
are
broken
working

3.
6.
9.
12.

playing
cracked
retiring
living

Unit10
Page92
ListenandDiscuss

a. 5
e. 7

Answers will vary, but all should start with a


preposition + a gerund. Sample answers:
1. for arriving late
2. to going on vacation
3. of waiting for my friend
4. on driving you home
Page89
Reading

1. true 2. true
5. false 6. true

3. false 4. true

d. 2

QuickCheck
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


must have been, cant be, must be, might have
teased, must have lost control, might be, could have
fallen, could be
B

1. true
2. false (The crash happened while they were
out.)
3. false (Neighbors heard a terrific noise.)
4. true
5. false (It was heavier than a tennis ball.)

2. pearls, diamonds
4. Cadillacs
5. bride

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. pearls
2. diamonds
3. champagne
4. caviar
5. mansion

c. 3
g. 4

Page93

Page91

1. millionaire
3. mansion

b. 1
f. 6

Page94
Grammar
A

1. felt, had seen

242
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

arrived, had stopped


had been, appeared
had never traveled, went
arrived, had already taken
had never seen, broke into

Page95
B

1. must 2. cant 3. must 4. might


5. must 6. cant
C

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The girl must not have passed an important
test. The girl might have had bad news. The
girl could have had a flight with her best friend.
2. The dog must have scared the girl. The girl
might want to pet the dog. The girl could be
hurt.
3. The girl must have heard some good news.
The girl might have heard a funny joke. The
girl could have gotten an A on her test.
4. The man must have tripped on something and
fallen. The man might have fallen while he was
running. The man could have slipped on some
water.
5. The boy must have seen a ghost. There could
be an earthquake. The boy might have seen a
horror movie.
Page96
LanguageinContext

Answers will vary.


Listening
A

Answers will vary. Sample answers:

Erikas house
People saw a man in dark pants, white shirt, and a
black tie in Erikas house. Erika and her husband
also heard noises in the night.
Fred and Mildreds ranch
Fred and Mildred saw a bright glow from some
bushes. As they got closer, they saw thousands of
tiny lights on the bushes
B

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


Erikas house
The man might have been a ghost.
Fred and Mildreds ranch
They must have been fireflies.
Page97
Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. A crowd had gathered around a weird object
that must have fallen from the sky.
2. Steve thought the object could be a satellite.
3. At first Greg thought it might be a weather
balloon. But then he changed his mind and
thought it must be a communications satellite.
Page99
Reading
A

1. b
6. c

2. d

3. e

4. a

5. f

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. An asteroid that fell to the Earth might have
caused the extinction of the dinosaurs.
2. It destroyed half a million acres of the forest,
and trees as far away as 25 miles were
knocked over.

243
3. The NEAR monitors objects such as asteroids
near the Earth to reduce the effect of the
damage in case one of these objects fall to the
Earth.
4. Scientists believe that the asteroid Eros might
strike the Earth in 1.5 to 5 million years.
5. Because nearly three-quarters of the Earth is
covered by water and large areas are
uninhabited.

Page103
C

1. e
6. d

2. a
7. c

3. g

4. f

5. b

Unit11
Page101
QuickCheck
A

1. e

2. c

3. b

4. d

1. true
5. true

2. true

3. false 4. true

5. a

Page102
Grammar
A

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

4. If Id been Emilio, I would have been upset too.


If Id gone out to eat, I would have gone to a
French restaurant.
5. If Id been Mr. Johnson, I would have gone to
the meeting.

I shouldnt have lent April the money.


Brad should have had an extra key.
Rita should have gone to the doctor.
We should have asked Emilio to go out with us.
We shouldnt have gone to Ginos restaurant.
Mr. Johnson should have been at the meeting
last night.

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. If Id been Aprils friend, I would have asked
her for my money.
2. If I forgotten my key, I would have climbed in
the window.
3. Id been sick, I would have gone to the doctor
right away.

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. If I had known it was going to rain,
I wouldnt have gone to the beach.
2. If she had asked me for advice, I would
have told her not to buy that car.
3. If I had had enough money, I would have
gone to Spain last summer.
4. If you had been home, I would have shared the
cookies with you.
5. If they had told the truth, their parents
wouldnt have grounded them.
6. If I hadnt moved out of the way, the
baseball would have hit my arm.
7. If the referee hadnt made a bad call, our
team would have won the big game.
E

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. I would have taken my key if I had gone out
at night. I might have waited until morning to
take out the garbage. I would have explained
the situation to the police officer.
2. I would have apologized to the person. I would
have said that the person looked like a friend of
mine. I might have continued the conversation
and introduced myself to the person.

244
1. The letter writer saw her best friends boyfriend
out with another woman.
2. The letter writer wishes that she hadnt said
anything to Sue about the incident.
3. The driver found a passengers diamond
bracelet.
4. The driver returned the bracelet to the
passenger.
5. The driver thinks that he should have sold the
bracelet and bought his own limo or started his
own business.

3. I would have told my boyfriend the truth about


the dent. I might have had the dent fixed.
4. I would have explained the situation to my
friend and ask him to pay. I might have asked
the restaurant if it accepted checks. I could
have called my roommate and asked him to
bring my wallet to the restaurant.
Page104
LanguageinContext

Answers will vary.


Listening

Sue Ann
Regret: Her boyfriend was very possessive of
her, so she left him. Now she thinks she
shouldnt have.
Reason: The boyfriend was very good-looking.
Ethan
Regret: He was in love with a woman, but they
separated.
Reason: They separated because of what other
people thought of their age difference.

Unit12
Page109
QuickCheck
A

3. b

1. true

2. false 3. true

4. a
4. true

Page111
Grammar
A

1. Bob said that he might work late that night and


that he had to finish a report.
2. Luke told Lucy that the game started at eight
and that he would pick her up at seven.
3. Evan asked Alex what the math assignment for
the next day was.
4. Julia told Elaine that she had had a wonderful
time in Bermuda. She said that she was going
to come by Elaines house to show her the
video.
5. Sean asked Bob if the game was still on for the
night.

Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Joe thinks that he should have listened to his
parents and gone to college. He thinks that he
should have taken courses in business
management.
2. Lara went to college and got a masters
degree. Then she got married and had kids.
Now she has a career and a family. She says
that shes lucky.
Page107

Answers will vary. Sample answers:

2. d

Page105

Reading

1. c

1. called

2. were

245
3.
4.
6.
8.
10.

didnt call / hadnt called


left / had left
5. told
wasnt
7. was
had
9. would come
would take
11. couldnt call

1. Einstein said that a long time with a nice


woman seemed like a short time, but even a
short time on a hot stove seemed like a long
time.
2. Plato said that fools talked because they had to
say something even if it was worthless.
3. Woody Allen said he was not afraid of the death
but that he didnt want to be there when he
died.
4. Charles H. Duell said in 1899 that everything
that could be invented had been invented.

Page112
LanguageinContext

Answers will vary.


Listening

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. He said that he would raise unemployment.
2. He said that he would ask his staff to wake him
up at anytime, even during meetings.
3. He said that people who couldnt read and
write shouldnt be in school.

ExpansionUnits1012
Page116
LanguageReview
A

Page113
Conversation

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Lynn and Amy are complaining about
telemarketers.
2. The woman on the phone with Lynn tied to
persuade her to open an account at the bank.
3. Lynn lost her patience and hung up.
4. The man told Amy that she had won a free
trip to the Bahamas.
5. Amy would have to pay a huge amount of
money to join a club to go on the trip.
Page115
Reading
A

1. false 2. true
5. false 6. true

3. false 4. true

Answers will vary. Possible answers:

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. If Michael hadnt answered his cell phone, he
wouldnt have had a car accident.
2. If my mother had known we were coming, she
would have made lunch.
3. If I hadnt gone to see a movie, I would have
finished my homework.
4. If Peter had seen his boss, he would have
greeted her.
B

Answers will vary. Possible answers:


1. It could be the cat.
2. She might not have seen me.
3. It must be the mail carrier.
4. Our team must have lost.
C

1.
3.
5.
7.

noticed
had locked
had been
had broken

2.
4.
6.
8.

had left
smelled
couldnt have been
moved

246
9. heard

10. stared

5. l asked how it was possible that they spoke


English. He said they had translators in their
brains that could translate to and from any
language.

Page117
D

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. Louise told Tony that she would meet him at
seven the next day.
2. Mr. Jenkins told his employee, Ms. Raines, that
she had to arrive on time.
3. Robert told his teacher that he hadnt caught
his usual bus.
4. The customer asked the salesperson if the
jacket come in a bigger size.
5. Mr. Timms told the judge that he had never
seen that man before.
6. The captain told the co-pilot that it might be a
falling star.

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The boy should have worn knee pads.
2. The girl should have bought an umbrella.
3. The man should have remembered to bring the
tickets.
4. The woman should have closed the window
before she left the house.
Page119
Reading
A

1. eerie
4. blasting

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


Questions:
1. How long did it take your spaceship to get to
Earth?
2. Do you have a family?
3. What do you eat?
4. How long do you live?
5. How is it possible that you speak English?
Answers:
1. l asked how long it had taken his spaceship to
get to Earth. He said that it had taken his
spaceship 27 days to get to Earth.
2. I asked if he had a family. He said he had a
large family-54 children.
3. I asked what he ate. He said he ate only fruit
and vegetables.
4. I asked how long they lived. He said they lived
150 years.

2. alien
5. warned

3. wriggling

Answers will vary. Sample answers:


1. The Broadcast first said that the meteor had
fallen on a farm in New Jersey. The meteor was
actually a kind of spaceship.
2. The alien had a body as large as a bear and its
body glistened like wet leather. The aliens eyes
were black and gleamed like a serpent. The
aliens mouthy was V-sharpen with saliva
dripping from it.
3. They moved in a machine with three legs.
4. The Martians blasted people and things with
heart rays that released a poisonous black gas.
5. Listeners were terrified and they began to
panic. They tried to defend themselves against
the aliens. They thought that the radio report
was real.

247
6. If I hadnt heard the warning that the broadcast
wasnt real, I might have thought that Martians
were invading the Earth and I would have been
scared.
Page121
Vocabulary

1. gone away (go away)


3. forgive
5. forsaken (forsake)

2. run after
4. plea

Comprehension
A

1. true
5. true

2. false 3. true 4. false


6. true

1.
2.
3.
4.

He should have written her a letter.


He should have called her on the phone.
He should have asked her to forgive him.
He should have asked her to come home.

Related Interests