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Appendix E

Conceptual Wetlands Mitigation Plan

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS


MITIGATION PLAN

UPSTATE NY POWER CORP,

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD,

JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

October 2009

C&S Engineers
499 Col. Eileen Collins Blvd.
Syracuse, New York 13212

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0

Introduction............................................................................................................................... 2

2.0

Project Description ................................................................................................................... 2

3.0

Existing Wetlands Functions and Values.................................................................................. 4

3.1

NYSDEC Methodology........................................................................................................ 4

3.2

USACE Methodology .......................................................................................................... 5

4.3

Permittee-Responsible ........................................................................................................ 12

4.0

Existing Waterway Functions and Values .............................................................................. 10

5.0

Mitigation Option Selection .................................................................................................... 13

5.1

Mitigation Bank .................................................................................................................. 11

5.2

In-Lieu-Fee Arrangement ................................................................................................... 12

5.3

Permittee-Responsible ........................................................................................................ 12

6.0

Proposed Mitigation ................................................................................................................ 13

7.0

Conclusion .............................................................................................................................. 13

ATTACHMENTS

Figures
Figure 1

General Project Location and Topographic Map

Plans
Wetland Mitigation Plans WM-2-5
Appendices
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C

OCTOBER 2009

Wetland/Stream Impact Tables


Functions and Values Evaluation
Mitigation Site Photographs

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WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

1.0

INTRODUCTION

Upstate NY Power Corp (Upstate Power) proposes to construct the Hounsfield Wind Farm (Project),
a wind-powered electric generating facility on Galloo Island in the Town of Hounsfield, Jefferson
County, New York. The project will consist of the installation and operation of 84 wind turbine
generators (WTG) for the purpose of generating 252 Megawatts (MW) or less of electricity. The
project is located in the Lake Ontario Watershed (USGS Cataloging Unit: 04150200). The location
of the project area is depicted in Figure 1.
The proposed project involves impacts to State and federally regulated wetlands and waterways, and
as a result compensatory mitigation will be required. Permits, including compensatory mitigation, for
work in and around these resources from the New York State Department of Environmental
Conservation (NYSDEC) and the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) will be required.
This document discusses potential mitigation options available to Upstate Power including use of
credits from a mitigation bank, use of credits from an in-lieu fee program, permittee-responsible
compensatory mitigation developed using a watershed approach, on-site and/or in-kind permitteeresponsible mitigation, and off-site and/or out-of-kind permittee-responsible mitigation. Of the
options discussed herein and at this time, the preferred alternative is on-site wetlands creation.
Project plans depicting the location for on-site mitigation have been included as an attachment.
2.0

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The project includes:


I.

The proposed WTG will be a 3.0 MW generator with a 90 meter blade rotor diameter and
a hub height of 80 meters, for a total maximum height of 125 meters (410 feet) from
blade tip to ground.
II.
Installation and operation of associated 34.5 KV electrical collection system (ECS)
connecting all WTG to an on-island electrical substation. The ECS will be both overhead
and underground.
III.
Construction of 18.3 miles of private service roads (up to 36 feet wide) between each
WTG.
IV.
Construction of one permanent meteorological tower, approximately 80 meters in height.
V.
Construction of three staging areas encompassing between 15 to 20 acres.
VI.
Construction of operation and maintenance facilities.
VII. Construction of a temporary mining operation to generate bedrock for access roads, a
temporary rock crushing facility and a temporary concrete batch plant.
VIII. Construction of permanent and temporary housing facilities for construction, operation
and maintenance staff. Permanent residential facilities include two three-story structures
of 12 units each, and a community building housing kitchen and dining facilities,
infirmary, laundry and recreational facilities. Temporary housing consists of 4 modular
buildings, each having 32 rooms.
IX.
Construction of a potable and fire protection lake water intake system.
X.
Construction of a potable water treatment system.
XI.
Construction of a sewage treatment system.
XII. Construction of an auxiliary power generating system.
XIII. Construction of a closed loop geothermal heating and cooling system for permanent
residential facilities. The closed loop system will utilize approximately 36 - 400 footdeep wells located within the residential and support facilities complex. A temporary

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WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

offloading facility will be constructed for the initial delivery of equipment, labor and
materials during the time period when the slip is under construction.
XIV. Construction of a channel slip and offloading/storage area, which together make the
offloading facility, to allow for delivery and storage of materials and equipment.
Included as part of the offloading facility are mooring points and a floating breakwater.
Included in the temporary off-loading facility are two dolphin piers.
XV. Construction of a helicopter pad.
The project also involves the construction of a 50.6-mile transmission line (approximately 2.6 miles
on island, 9 miles under Lake Ontario, and 39.0 miles across the mainland), together with
interconnection facilities (substations) and other related facilities. The submarine portion of the
transmission line will consist of a single 230 kV cable that will be installed using a combination of
methods, including water jet blasting and/or hydro-plowing. It is anticipated that the cable will have
three cores and will be buried at a depth of up to 6 feet. A sea bed survey has been conducted to
determine the appropriate methods of cable installation and cable depth. The cable route has been
planned to avoid New York Department of State designated Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife
Habitats.
This Conceptual Wetlands and Waterways Mitigation Plan has been created specifically to address
impacts to wetlands and waterways on Galloo Island. An addendum to this mitigation plan will be
prepared to address impacts associated with the transmission line portion of the project. The
following is summary of impacts to wetlands and waterways based on agency regulatory authority:
NYSDEC Jurisdictional Impacts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Clearing (and Maintaining) within Forested NYSDEC Regulated Buffer:


0.950 ac.
Clearing (and Maintaining) within Forested NYSDEC Regulated Wetland:
0.043 ac.
Clearing (and Maintaining) within Non-forested NYSDEC Regulated Buffer:
0.570 ac.
Clearing (and Maintaining) within Non-forested NYSDEC Regulated Wetland:
0.007 ac.
Permanent Cut/Fill within Forested NYSDEC Regulated Buffer:
0.180 ac.
Permanent Cut/Fill within Non-forested NYSDEC Regulated Buffer:
0.125 ac.
Permanent Cut/ Fill within Forested NYSDEC Regulated Wetland:
0.064 ac.
Permanent Cut/ Fill within Emergent NYSDEC Regulated Wetland (& Stream):
0.076 ac.
Permanent Cut within NYSDEC Regulated Navigable Waterway:
18,894 cu. yds.
Permanent Fill within NYSDEC Regulated Navigable Waterway:
358 cu. yds.
Temporary Fill within NYSDEC Regulated Waterway:
7,450 cu. yds.

USACE Jurisdictional Impacts


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Clearing (and Maintaining) within Forested USACE Regulated Wetland:


0.087 ac.
Permanent Cut/ Fill within Forested USACE regulated Wetland:
0.007 ac.
Permanent Cut/ Fill within Emergent USACE Regulated Wetland:
0.030 ac.
Permanent Cut/ Fill within USACE Regulated Stream:
105.8 lin. ft. (0.037 ac.)
Permanent Cut within USACE Regulated Navigable Waterway:
18,894 cu. yds. (1.62 ac.)
Permanent Fill within USACE Regulated Navigable Waterway:
358 cu. yds. (0.06 ac.)
Temporary Fill within USACE Regulated Navigable Waterway:
7,450 cu. yds (0.65 ac.)

Wetland and stream impacts are shown in the separately bound Wetland Impact Plans. Tables
depicting the proposed impacts have also been included in Appendix A.

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WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

3.0

EXISTING WETLANDS FUNCTIONS AND VALUES

3.1

NYSDEC Methodology

Based the NYSDEC mapping, impacts will occur to NYSDEC Freshwater Wetlands GL-1 (Wetland
F), GL-2 (Wetland A), GL-3 (Wetland J), and GL-4 (Wetland Q). NYSDEC Freshwater Wetlands
GL-1 and GL-4 are mapped as Class II Wetlands, while wetlands GL-2 and GL-3 mapped as Class III
Wetlands. A description of these NYSDEC Classes is provided below.
Class II Wetlands
A wetland shall be a Class II wetland if it has any of the following seventeen enumerated

characteristics:

Cover Type
1. It is an emergent marsh in which purple loosestrife and/or reed (phragmites) constitutes
less than two-thirds of the cover type
Ecological Association
2. It contains two or more wetland structural groups
3. It is contiguous to a tidal wetland
4. It is associated with permanent open water outside the wetland
5. It is adjacent or contiguous to streams classified C(t) or higher under article 15 of the
environmental conservation law
Special Features
6. It is traditional migration habitat of an endangered or threatened animal species
7. It is resident habitat of an animal species vulnerable in the state
8. It contains a plant species vulnerable in the state
9. It supports an animal species in abundance or diversity unusual for the county in which it
is found
10. It has demonstrable archaeological or paleontological significance as a wetland
11. It contains, is part of, owes its existence to, or is ecologically associated with, an unusual
geological feature which is an excellent representation of its type
Hydrological and Pollution Control Features
12. It is tributary to a body of water which could subject a lightly developed area, an area
used for growing crops for harvest, or an area planned for development by a local
planning authority, to significant damage from flooding or from additional flooding
should the wetland be modified, filled, or drained
13. It is hydraulically connected to an aquifer which has been identified by a government
agency as a potentially useful water supply
14. It acts in a tertiary treatment capacity for a sewage disposal system
Distribution and Location
15. It is within an urbanized area
16. It is one of the three largest wetlands within a city, town, or New York City borough
17. It is within a publicly owned recreation area
Class III Wetlands
A wetland shall be a Class III wetland if it has any of the following fifteen enumerated

characteristics:

Cover Types
1. It is an emergent marsh in which purple loosestrife and/or reed (phragmites) constitutes
two-thirds or more of the cover type

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WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

2. It is a deciduous swamp
3. It is a shrub swamp
4. It consists of floating and/or submergent vegetation
5. It consists of wetland open water
Ecological Associations
6. It contains an island with an area or height above the wetland adequate to provide one or
more of the benefits described in section
Special Features
7. It has a total alkalinity of at least 50 parts per million
8. It is adjacent to fertile upland
9. It is resident habitat of an animal species vulnerable in the major region of the state in
which it is found, or it is traditional migration habitat of an animal species vulnerable in
the state or in the major region of the state in which it is found
10. It contains a plant species vulnerable in the major region of the state in which it is found
Hydrological and Pollution Control Features
11. It is part of a surface water system with permanent open water and it receives significant
pollution of a type amenable to amelioration by wetlands
Distribution and Location
12. It is visible from an interstate highway, a parkway, a designated scenic highway, or a
passenger railroad and serves a valuable aesthetic or open space function
13. It is one of the three largest wetlands of the same cover type within a town
14. It is in a town in which wetland acreage is less than one percent of the total acreage
15. It is on publicly owned land that is open to the public
It is the opinion of C&S that based on the NYSDEC Classification system, Wetlands GL-1 (Wetland
F) and GL-4 (Wetland Q) are considered Class II Wetlands based on meeting the following criteria as
previously referenced:
x It is an emergent marsh in which purple loosestrife and/or reed (phragmites) constitutes less
than two-thirds of the cover type
x It contains two or more wetland structural groups
x It is associated with permanent open water outside the wetland
It is the opinion of C&S that based on the NYSDEC Classification system, Wetlands GL-2 (Wetland
A) and GL-3 (Wetland J) are considered Class III Wetlands based on meeting the following criteria as
previously referenced:
x It is a deciduous swamp
3.2

USACE Methodology

C&S has chosen to review the USACE jurisdictional impacted wetlands within the project area to
assess the functions and values they exhibit. C&S has chosen to conduct this evaluation using a
variation of the Descriptive Approach as presented in The Highway Methodology Workbook
Supplement. Wetland Functions and Values: A Descriptive Approach (USACE, 1999).
The Descriptive Approach recognizes eight functions and five values that are essential for the
representation of wetland resources associated with a proposed project. These 13 functions and
values are presented below:
x Groundwater Recharge/ Discharge
x Floodflow Alteration
x Fish and Shellfish Habitat

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HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

Sediment/ Toxicant/ Pathogen Retention


Nutrient Removal/ Retention/ Transformation
Production Export
Sediment/ Shoreline Stabilization
Wildlife Habitat
Recreation
Education/ Scientific Value
Uniqueness/ Heritage
Visual Quality/ Aesthetics
Threatened or Endangered Species Habitat

A comprehensive functions and values evaluation form for each impacted wetland on Galloo Island,
including an evaluation key, have been included in Appendix B. Further information regarding each
of these functions and values is provided below.
GROUNDWATER RECHARGE/ DISCHARGE
This wetland function considers the ability of the wetland to serve as a groundwater recharge and/or
discharge area in specific regards to wetland and aquifer interactions.
Galloo Island is essentially a limestone bedrock outcrop formed as the result of the differential effects
of lacustrine and glacial ice erosion over many glacial periods. This is evident by the shear cliff along
the northern side of the Island and visibly exposed bedrock throughout the Island. In addition, of the
87 test pits conducted during the wetland delineation, 52 of them encountered bedrock within 14
inches of the surface. Based on the geology of Galloo Island, the potential for a confined aquifer and
the potential for groundwater recharge do not exist.
Direct precipitation and runoff are the only water sources for Wetlands A (NYSDEC GL-2), AI, FB, J
(NYSDEC GL-3), and U. In addition to precipitation and runoff, Wetlands D, F (NYSDEC GL-1)
and Q (NYSDEC GL-4) have shallow subsurface hydrological interchange with Lake Ontario. Given
the shallow bedrock conditions, during high precipitation effects, Wetlands AI, J (NYSDEC GL-3),
U, VLM all have the potential discharge to Lake Ontario through shallow subsurface and overland
sheet flows. Wetland A is the only impacted wetland with a direct surficial flow to Lake Ontario.
Based on the geology of Galloo Island and the hydrology of the impacted wetlands, the potential for
groundwater discharge does not exist.
FLOODFLOW ALTERATION
This function accounts for the ability of the wetland to serve in reducing flood damage through
prolonged periods following precipitation events and gradual release of floodwaters.
The ability of the existing wetlands to serve in attenuating floodwaters is limited given the acreage of
upgradient land resources, their storage capacity, lack of direct association with major waterways, and
their proximity to Lake Ontario. However given the size of the wetlands in relationship to the local
watershed, and the high percentage of upgradient impervious surfaces and presence of overland flow
due to exposed bedrock and shallow soil conditions, all impacted wetlands can be considered
moderately locally significant in floodflow alteration. Given limited amount of permanent impacts to
existing wetlands, the continued ability of these wetlands to perform this function should not be
significantly affected.

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WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

FISH AND SHELLFISH HABITAT


This wetland function evaluates the effectiveness of seasonal or permanent watercourses associated
with the wetland to provide fish and shellfish habitat.
The portions of the impacted wetlands do not have the potential to provide fish and shellfish habitat.
Proper sediment and erosion controls will be in place during construction to mitigate any potential
down gradient impacts that could affect fish or shellfish
SEDIMENT/ TOXICANT/ PATHOGEN RETENTION
The function refers to the effectiveness of the wetland in acting as a trap for sediments, toxicants, or
pathogens in runoff water from surrounding areas.
Given that Galloo Island is an isolated land resource located within Lake Ontario, the ability of the
impacted wetlands to serve in sediment, toxicant, and/ or pathogen retention is limited. Minor
agricultural activities do take place on the island and given the size, types of soils present, and
hydrological characteristics of the wetlands and the proximity of the site to Lake Ontario, the
wetlands sediment, toxicant, and/ or pathogen retention abilities can be considered to be moderately
locally significant. However, given the acreage of permanent impacts to existing wetlands, the
continued ability of these wetlands to perform this function should not be significantly effected.
NUTRIENT REMOVAL/ RETENTION/ TRANSFORMATION
The ability of a wetland to this function, considers its ability to trap nutrients in runoff water from
surrounding uplands or contiguous wetlands and to process them into others forms or higher trophic
levels.
Given that Galloo Island is an isolated land resource located within Lake Ontario, the ability of the
impacted wetlands to serve in nutrient removal, retention and transformation are limited. Minor
agricultural activities do take place on the island and given the size, types of soils present, and
hydrological characteristics of the wetlands and the proximity of the site to Lake Ontario, the
wetlands nutrient removal, retention and transformation abilities can be considered to be moderately
locally significant. However, given the acreage of permanent impacts to existing wetlands, the
continued ability of these wetlands to perform this function should not be significantly affected.
PRODUCTION EXPORT
This wetland function is a measure of the ability of the wetland to produce food or usable products for
humans and other living organisms.
The ability of the wetlands to produce food or usable products for humans or other living organisms is
supported by the presence of wildlife food resources and evidence of wildlife utilizing the wetlands.
Given the isolated nature of Galloo Island, this function is considered to be locally significant.
However, given the acreage of permanent impacts to existing wetlands, the continued ability of these
wetlands to perform this function should not be significantly affected. In addition, mitigation is being
proposed to offset these minor impacts.

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WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

SEDIMENT/ SHORELINE STABILIZATION


The function is a measure of the ability of a wetland to provide streambank or shoreline erosion
protection.
Although some of the impacted wetlands provide this function, the actual wetland impact areas do not
directly abut watercourses or other significant waterbodies, and therefore do not provide this function.
The overall ability of the impacted wetlands to continue to provide this function should not be
affected.
WILDLIFE HABITAT
This wetland value evaluates the effectiveness of a wetland to provide habitat for wildlife typically
associated with wetlands and wetland edge.
Old Bird, Inc conducted a winter bird survey in the winter 2007/ 2008 and a breeding bird survey in
spring/ summer 2008. The breeding bird survey indicated the potential for numerous bird species that
are typically associated with wetlands and wetland edge habitats. Additional information regarding
the bird surveys and the bird species identified is provided in the in the DEIS for this project.
An ecological study was performed by Terrestrial Environmental Specialists, Inc. in the
spring/summer 2008 to identify vegetation and wildlife resources on the Island. This survey
documented six amphibian species on the Island. Those six species were: eastern red-backed
salamander (Plethodon cinereus), eastern American toad (Bufo a. americanus), American bullfrog
(Rana catesbeiana), northern green frog (Rana clamitans melanota), northern leopard frog (Rana
pipiens), and pickerel frog (Rana palustris). In addition, three species of turtles were observed on
Galloo Island. The three turtle species were the eastern snapping turtle (Chelydra s. serpentina),
painted turtle (Chrysemys picta), and northern map turtle (Graptemys geographica). The ecological
study also documented two snakes on the Island. The snakes identified included the northern
watersnake (Nerodia s. sipedon) and the common gartersnake (Thamnophis sirtalis). Further
information regarding the ecological study is presented in the DEIS for this project.
Based on the general lack of a significant human presence and observations made during numerous
wildlife surveys, coupled with the sizes, types and characteristics of the wetlands, the impacted
wetlands on Galloo Island can be considered to provide habitat for a variety of resident and migratory
wildlife that are typically associated with wetlands or wetland edge. However, the size and nature of
the proposed wetland impacts should not exclude the continued use of the impacted wetlands by
wildlife. Impacts associated with potential loss and change in cover type of wetland habitat available
to wildlife will be mitigated.

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HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

RECREATION
This wetland value considers the suitability of the wetland to provide public recreational opportunities
such as hiking, canoeing, boating, fishing, hunting, and other active or passive recreational activities.
The majority of Galloo Island is held under sole private ownership and public access is forbidden.
Two parcels on the Island are under State ownership. These parcels include the old lighthouse site at
the southwest end of the Island and the old Coast Guard Station on the east side of the Island.
Together these parcels account for approximately 29 acres of Galloo Islands 1,987 total acres.
According to the NYSDEC February 2002 Publication Lake Ontario Islands Wildlife Management
Area Management Plan, these parcels are not currently suitable for public use. The lighthouse parcel
is inaccessible by boat due to shoals, and the former Coast Guard facility no longer has suitable
docking facilities. There is also approximately one acre of land associated with the old lighthouse
that is held under ownership by a private individual. The ability of the wetlands to serve public
recreational values does not exist at this time. None of the proposed wetland impacts are in plain
view of potentially public accessible areas.
EDUCATION/ SCIENTIFIC VALUE
This value considers the suitability of the wetland to be used as an outdoor classroom, location for
scientific study, or research.
As previously mentioned, based on restricted access, the ability of the wetlands to provide public
educational or scientific values does not exist at this time. However, the isolated nature of the project
area does make it an ideal candidate for scientific study should access be allowed. Based on the size
and nature of the wetland impacts, the continued ability of the impacted wetlands to continue to
provide this potential value should not be significantly affected. In addition, mitigation is being
proposed to offset these impacts.
UNIQUENESS/ HERITAGE
This wetland value is a measure of the wetlands ability to provide certain special values. These
special values include archeological sites, critical habitat for endangered species, its role in the
ecological system of the area, its relative importance as a typical wetland class for this geographic
location, and its overall health and appearance.
In January 2002, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)
published a draft for review report entitled Ecological Communities of New York State, Second
Edition (Ecological Communities) as part of the New York Natural Heritage Program (NYNHP)
inventory. The report is a revised and expanded version of the original 1990 version that lists and
describes ecological systems, subsystems, and communities within New York State. Based on the
classification system outlined in Ecological Communities, wetlands impacts will occur to shallow
emergent wetland and silver maple- green ash swamp community types. The NYNHP has established
a global and State ranking system to reflect the relative rarity of the ecological community. A
shallow emergent wetland community is ranked as G5/ S5, while a silver maple- green ash swamp
community is ranked G4/ S3. Based on this ranking a shallow emergent wetland community is
considered demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially
at the periphery, and is demonstrably secure in New York State. The silver maple- green ash swamp
community is considered on a global theater as apparently secure globally, though it may be quite rare
in parts of its range, especially at the periphery. On a state basis, a silver maple- green ash swamp

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HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

community is considered to be typically 21 to 100 occurrences, limited acreage, or miles of stream in


New York State.
Based on the sizes, types and characteristics of the wetlands, and their local functions and values, the
impacted wetlands can be considered to have a level of local uniqueness. In addition, silver maplegreen ash swamp communities have a level of State uniqueness. As a result, mitigation is being
proposed to offset these impacts.
VISUAL QUALITY/ AESTHETICS
This wetland value considers the visual and aesthetic qualities of the impacted wetland to the general
public. None of the proposed wetland impacts are in plain view of potentially publically accessible
areas.
THREATENED OR ENDANGERED SPECIES HABITAT
An ecological study was performed by Terrestrial Environmental Specialists, Inc. in the
spring/summer of 2008, and did not identify rare, threatened, or endangered species specifically
associated with wetlands or wetland edge habitat. It should be noted that although troublesome sedge
(Carex molesta) was documented on the Island, this plant is known to occur in wetlands as well as
uplands.
Old Bird, Inc conducted a breeding bird survey in spring/summer 2008. The breeding bird survey
indicated the potential for two State-listed threatened species, northern harrier (Circus cyaneus) and
upland sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda), and two State-listed species of special concern, American
bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) and Cooper's hawk (Accipiter cooperii), to utilize the Island for
breeding purposes. Additional State-listed species that were noted in the breeding bird survey, but
deemed not utilize the Island for breeding purposes included one State-listed threatened species, bald
eagle, and three State-listed species of special concern, common loon, common nighthawk, and whip
poo-will.
It is C&Ss opinion that the wetland impact areas do not provide critical habitat to known State or
federally-listed rare, threatened, or endangered species. In addition, the wetland impacts will be

mitigated.
4.0

EXISTING WATERWAY FUNCTIONS AND VALUES

Permanent impacts to waterways are limited to the roadway crossing of Stream A and the following:
x
x
x

Construction of temporary and permanent offloading facilities, including an inlet slip to allow
for equipment delivery, and offshore breakwater and mooring dolphins.
Construction of a potable and fire protection lake water intake system.
Construction of a potable water treatment system and a sewage treatment system, including a
sewer outfall structure to Lake Ontario.

Stream A serves as the discharge from Wetland A (NYSDEC GL-2) to Lake Ontario. This stream is
a vegetated drainage swale with intermittent flow and a gravel/ cobble bed that was likely
manipulated by man to assist in providing additional drainage of Wetland A (NYSDEC GL-2).
Based on the classification system outlined in Ecological Communities, Stream A is considered an
intermittent stream and G4/ S4 Wetland A (NYSDEC GL-2) receives water entirely from direct

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TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

precipitation and adjacent runoff. Wetland A (NYSDEC GL-2) lacks contiguous surficial water flow
to the stream and lacks areas of year long inundation to depths that would support cold water or warm
water fish species. In addition, Stream A does not have year round flow or contain permanently
inundated pools capable of supporting a residential fish population.
Geologically, the shoreline of Galloo Island is typically bedrock, and thin veneers of soil overlay the
rock inland. Bedrock material is limestone. Steep slopes with rock outcrops exist along the Lake
Ontario shoreline on portions of Galloo Island. Information regarding the local conditions of Lake
Ontario including lake depth, water levels, and wave heights during the design of the docking facility
were obtained from United States Coast Pilot 6 (NOAA 2008). The surface area of Lake Ontario
comprises approximately 7,550 square miles, and its maximum depth is approximately 803 ft. The
water surface elevation varies as a function of season, storm activity, and wind. In general, the lowest
water level stages occur during winter months, and the highest stages, during the summer months.
The waters of Lake Ontario in the vicinity of the project are classified by NYSDEC as Class A with a
standard of quality and purity for Class A. (6 NYCRR Part 847) Class A waters have best usages as a
source of water supply for drinking, culinary or food processing purposes; primary and secondary
contact recreation; and fishing. The Class A waters must be suitable for fish propagation and survival.
Standards are contained in 6 NYCRR Part 703.
5.0

MITIGATION OPTION SELECTION

The Department of Defense and Environmental Protection Agency joint Compensatory Mitigation for
Losses of Aquatic Resources; Final Rule (Fed. Reg. Vol. 73, No. 70, April 10, 2008) establishes a
hierarchy of preferred wetland mitigation options for impacts to USACE regulated wetlands. These
options are presented below:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Use of credits from a mitigation bank.


Use of credits from an in-lieu fee program.
Permittee-responsible compensatory mitigation developed using a watershed approach.
On-site and/or in-kind permittee-responsible mitigation.
Off-site and/or out-of-kind permittee-responsible mitigation.

The NYSDEC publication Freshwater Regulation Guidelines on Compensatory Mitigation provides a


different approach to preferred mitigation options for NYSDEC regulated wetlands. This hierarchy is
summarized below:
1. Compensatory mitigation should preferably be "in-kind".
2. Compensatory mitigation preferably should be "on-site".
3. The preferred order of compensatory mitigation is wetland restoration, then creation, and
finally enhancement.
Given the differences in preferred mitigation options between the USACE and NYSDEC
compensatory mitigation guidelines, C&S has initially reviewed all potential mitigation options prior
to choosing the preferred alternatives. These potential wetland mitigation options are further
elaborated on below.

5.1

Mitigation Bank

The use of a mitigation bank for the purpose of mitigation involves the purchasing of credits from an
approved banker who has previously enhanced, restored, and/or created wetlands for the purpose of

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 11

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

offsetting future wetland impacts. The use of a mitigation bank requires that the discharge occur
within the approved geographic service area of the bank.
There are currently no USACE approved commercial wetland mitigation banks with geographic
service areas that cover the project location. In addition, the NYSDEC is still currently exploring the
use of mitigation banks as a viable compensatory mitigation option for impacts to NYSDEC regulated
wetlands. Based on the aforementioned information, the use of a mitigation bank for compensatory
mitigation is not a viable option at this time.

5.2

In-Lieu-Fee Arrangement

This type of mitigation involves the permittee providing funds to an in-lieu-fee sponsor, which are
typically non-governmental and governmental resources management organizations, for the purpose
of enhancing, restoring, and/or creating wetlands.
C&S has preliminarily identified several non-governmental and governmental resource management
organizations that may wish to partner with Upstate Power to meet their mitigation needs:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation


New York State Department of Conservation
Natural Resources Conservation Service
Ducks Unlimited
Ontario Bays Initiative Land Trust

Further consultation with these respective groups would be needed in order to assess the applicability
of this type of mitigation option for this project. In addition, the NYSDEC does not currently have in
place regulatory guidance that acknowledges the use of in-lieu-fee arrangements as potential
compensatory mitigation option for impacts to NYSDEC regulated wetlands. Given that this
alternative is a feasible method of mitigating impacts to USACE regulated wetlands pending further
inquiry, this option remains potentially available to Upstate Power.
5.3

Permittee-Responsible

ON-SITE MITIGATION
On-site mitigation involves the enhancement, restoration, and/or creation of wetlands in the same
general vicinity of the proposed wetland impacts. On-site mitigation can be in the form of in-kind or
out-of-kind mitigation. In-kind mitigation replaces the structure and function of the impacted
wetland, while out-of-kind may replace either structure or function, or neither.
Opportunities for wetland enhancement, restoration, and/or creation on Galloo Island do exist.
However, due to soil and bedrock conditions and presence of invasive species the potential for
wetland mitigation only exists within certain portions of the island that are not currently wetlands or
are forested. C&S initially reviewed three sites prior to designating the preferred mitigation location.
The preferred on-site wetland mitigation on Galloo Island would generally involve excavation of an
upland area adjacent to existing Wetland Q (NYSDEC GL-4) at depths suitable to provide the
hydrology requirements of the specific type of wetland resource being mitigated. The USACE and
NYSDEC typically requires a 2:1 or greater (wetland creation: wetland impacts) ratio for impacts to
palustrine emergent wetlands, and a 4:1 or greater ratio for impacts to palustrine forested wetlands.

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 12

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

The impacts to functions and values of the impacted wetland areas as previously described should not
require mitigation ratios that exceed these.
Given that this alternative is an approved mitigation option by both USACE and NYSDEC, feasible
and cost effective, it is Upstate Powers preferred alternative.
OFF-SITE MITIGATION
This type of mitigation involves the permittee undertaking the task of enhancing, restoring, and/or
creating wetlands at an off-site location, preferably within the same watershed. Off-site mitigation
can also be in the form of in-kind or out-of-kind mitigation.
Based on NYSDEC mitigation guidelines this mitigation option would not be a preferred option given
that on-site mitigation is possible. Given that this alternative is a feasible method of mitigating
impacts to USACE and NYSDEC regulated wetlands, pending additional research, this option
remains potential available to Upstate Power.
6.0

PROPOSED MITIGATION

Impacts to Stream A involve the installation of three culverts to allow for a roadway crossing. The
total linear footage of disturbance is 105.8 ft. As currently proposed, one of the three culverts will be
installed at stream bed grade in the location of the streams thalwag for typical low water conditions,
while the other two will be installed at higher elevations to handle stormwater flows. In stream work
shall be conducted via land based equipment and proper soil and sediment erosion controls shall be
utilized during construction. Based on the size and nature of the impacts, no mitigation is currently
being proposed.
The work in and around Lake Ontario includes construction of a docking facility, a wastewater
discharge utility line, and a water intake line. Mitigation of these impacts involves protecting
adjacent waters from an increase in turbidity or suspended solids. This will be addressed through
appropriate installation and maintenance of soil erosion and sediment controls. In addition, the work
associated with the construction of the docking facility will start on the Island, and the last step in the
excavation/blasting will be to broach the barrier between the mainland portion of the docking facility
area and Lake Ontario. Construction sequencing for the docking facility is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Mobilize initial onshore excavation equipment.


Install turbidity, sediment and erosion controls.
Begin onshore rock excavation and processing.
Construct temporary offloading facility.
Install breakwater and permanent offshore mooring points.
Finish onshore excavation.
Start offshore excavation.
Finish permanent offloading facility.
Remove turbidity, sediment and erosion controls.
Remove temporary offloading facility and associated fill.

The proposed in-kind on-site mitigation will involve the creation of additional wetland acreage in the
form of shallow emergent (NYSDEC Class II) and deciduous forested wetland (NYSDEC Class III)
cover types immediately adjacent to the NYSDEC Freshwater Wetland GL-4 (NYSDEC Class II).
The mitigation area is currently vegetatively managed through periodic mowing. In an effort to offset

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 13

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

impacts to forested NYSDEC regulated wetland buffer, upland trees will be planted immediately
upgradient of the wetlands creation site in an effort to eventually provide a forested wetland buffer.
The upland tree plantings will also serve to enhance and restore the upland area surrounding the
wetland creation site. To mitigate for impacts to non-forested NYSDEC regulated wetland buffer,
additional acreage outside of the existing NYSDEC Freshwater Wetland GL-4 regulated wetland
buffer will be protected against future development. The following is an anticipated breakdown of
wetlands construction that would offset impacts to NYSDEC and USACE jurisdictional wetlands
based on the maximum impact, regardless of jurisdictional control.

Impact Type

Impact
Acreage

Mitigation Type

Mitigation
Acreage

Clearing (and Maintaining) and


Permanent Cut/ Fill within Forested
NYSDEC Regulated 100' Buffer

1.130

Upland Buffer Protection and


Restoration/ Enhancement

2.260

Clearing (and Maintaining) and


Permanent Cut/ Fill within Non-forested
NYSDEC Regulated 100' Buffer

0.695

Upland Buffer Protection

1.390

Clearing (and Maintaining) within


Emergent NYSDEC Regulated Wetlands

0.007

Emergent Wetland Creation

0.007

Clearing (and Maintaining) within


Deciduous Forested NYSDEC and
USACE Regulated Wetlands

0.047

Deciduous Forested Wetland


Creation

0.047

Permanent Cut/ Fill within Deciduous


Forested NYSDEC and USACE
Regulated Wetlands

0.087

Deciduous Forested Wetland


Creation

0.348

Permanent Cut/ Fill within Emergent


NYSDEC and USACE Regulated
Wetlands and Stream

0.078

Emergent Wetland Creation

0.156

TOTAL EMERGENT WETLAND CREATION

0.163

TOTAL DECIDOUS FOREST WETLAND CREATION

0.395

TOTAL WETLAND CREATION

0.558

Project plans for wetlands creation have been included as an attachment to this report. Please note
that the plans depict areas in excess of the quantities identified above. Upstate Power proposes at a
minimum to meet the goals identified in the above table, and any excess wetland/upland restoration is
considered an overall benefit but not a requirement for permitting.
The proposed wetland mitigation area does not contain invasive wetland species. The contributing
drainage area is large enough and the peak stormwater discharges are large enough such that the
proposed wetland mitigation should remain adequately saturated or inundated with water during the
growing season. The wetland mitigation area should be saturated or inundated throughout the
growing season at depths ranging from zero to 24 inches. Surface water control structures will be

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 14

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

permanently reinforced with sediment and erosion control structures including riprap and plantings.
Plan view and section view drawings of existing and proposed conditions are found in Appendix A.
The wetland mitigation area receives stormwater runoff from approximately 113 acres of primarily
meadow and woodlands. All soil types belong to one of four hydrologic soils groups, with A
producing the least stormwater runoff and D producing the most stormwater runoff. Specifically,
the drainage area contains soils belonging to hydrologic groups C and D. The peak stormwater
discharges and runoff volumes to the wetland mitigation site as calculated using TR-55 are shown in
Table 1.
Table 1 - Peak Stormwater Discharges and Runoff Volumes
Return Period
Peak Stormwater Discharge
(ft3/s)
26
1 yr
42
2 yr
65
5 yr
89
10 yr
115
25 yr
132
50 yr
154
100 yr
It should be noted that this project will not substantially modify the drainage patterns either upstream
or downstream of the site. The existing conditions of the upslope contributing drainage area and the
proposed conditions of the upslope contributing drainage area will be approximately equal in size and
character. This will minimize losses in the wetland mitigation areas water budget. These factors
should result in proposed condition hydrologic and hydraulic characteristics that are very similar to
those of existing conditions. The runoff volumes flowing into the wetland mitigation area should not
change following development. The runoff volumes leaving the wetland mitigation area should not
change other than by losses from evapotranspiration.
The proposed wetland mitigation area will be constructed adjacent to an existing wetland area.
Excavation will occur to produce elevations based upon the adjacent wetland areas. The proposed
emergent portion of this wetland will be at a slightly lower elevation that the surrounding wet
meadow/emergent wetlands. The proposed forested wetland will be constructed at grades similar to
the adjacent wet meadow wetlands. In addition, a low flow channel will be constructed throughout
the wetland. This channel will connect an existing upstream drainage swale, and re-connect to that
drainage swale upon exiting the wetland creation area. The depth of water captured in the wetland
creation area will be set to promote the establishment of the desired vegetation.
As stated previously, it is assumed that the constructed wetland will replace and exceed the functions
and values of those wetlands lost as a result of the project, and that the proposed mitigation plan is
consistent with applicable regulatory requirements. In addition, given the size of the constructed
wetland, the created wetland should also provide greater flood retention, nutrient removal, and
sediment toxicant retention. The wetland buffer enhancements should also help improve wildlife
habitat, amplify the functions and values of existing and proposed created wetland, and provide a
greater overall benefit to the watershed and Galloo Island itself.
The soils within the wetland creation site are mapped as Madalin silt loam. The Madalin series
consists of very deep, poorly drained soils on lake plains and depressions in the uplands. They formed
in water-deposited materials. Permeability is slow or very slow throughout the soil. Slope ranges from

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 15

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

0 to 3 percent1. The soil mapping reveals that the soils within the creation area are suitable for
wetland creation. In addition, subsurface investigation utilizing hand auger exploration was
completed on August 12, 2008. The subsurface was characterized through field descriptions. Based
on field classification of the soils in the mitigation area, the upper ten inches of topsoil was generally
silt loam, from ten to sixteen inches the soil is best described as silty clay loam, and from depth
greater that sixteen the soils were described as clay loam. It was apparent that the existing topsoil
exhibited preferred organic content for re-introduction into the wetland. In addition, it was apparent
that the substratum exhibited preferred soils for retaining water.
Prior to finalizing the wetlands creation design, laboratory analysis will occur including tests for
topsoil organic content, sieve, hydrometer, standard compaction, specific gravity, and hydraulic
conductivity analyses. This will determine whether or not the topsoil contains appropriate
percentages of organic content (10 to 20%) for re-introduction into the created wetland, or whether
the soils need to be augmented with organic material or brought in from off-site. The substratum soil
testing will determine whether or not a lining is required to mitigate for hydrological losses through
the substratum. Photographs that characterize existing conditions of the site are found in Appendix C.
The shallow emergent wetland area would be planted with herbaceous plugs and seeded with native
wetland plant species that have been currently documented to occur on the Island. In addition,
ryegrass (Lolium spp.) will also be included in the seed mix to provide initial vegetative cover and to
assist reducing unwanted invasive or noxious species. A listing of suitable species is provided below.
Wetland Herbaceous Plant Species

Scientific Name

Common Name

Lolium multiflorum
Lolium perenne
Eleocharis erythropoda
Eleocharis acicularis
Carex lurida
Carex projecta
Carex granularis
Carex leporine
Carex aquatilus
Carex lenticularis
Carex crinita
Carex lacustris
Scirpus microcarpus
Scirpus atrovirens
Scirpus cyperinus
Sparganium eurycarpum
Poa palustris
Leersia oryzoides

Wetland Seeding
Annual ryegrass
Perennial ryegrass
Bald spikerush
Needle spikerush
Shallow sedge
Necklace sedge
Limestone meadow sedge
Eggbract sedge
Water sedge
Lakeshore sedge
Fringed sedge
Hairy sedge
Panicled bulrush
Green bulrush
Woolgrass
Giant burreed
Fowl meadowgrass
Rice cutgrass

Wetland
Indicator Status
UPL
FACUOBL
OBL
OBL
FACW
FACW+
FAC
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL
FACW+
OBL
FACW
OBL

Soils information derived from USDA-NRCS Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) Database, and USDA-NRCS
Official Soil Series Descriptions [Online] Available URL: http://ortho.ftw.nrcs.usda.gov/cgi
bin/osd/osdname.cgi [Accessed October 13, 2009]

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 16

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

Calamagrostis canadensis
Asclepias incarnata
Onoclea sensibilis
Alisma plantago-aquatica
Peltandra virginica
Pontederia cordata
Scirpus validus

Blue-joint reedgrass
Swamp milkweed
Sensitive fern
Wetland Plug Planting
Broad-leaf water plantain
Arrow arum
Pickerel weed
Soft-stem bulrush

FACW+
OBL
FACW
OBL
OBL
OBL
OBL

The deciduous forested wetland creation area will be seeded with the emergent wetland plants species
identified above and be planted with native tree species that have been currently documented to exist
on the Island. C&S proposes using root production method (RPM) trees as available in an effort to
expedite initial tree growth and to enhance survivability. A listing of suitable species is provided
below.
Wetland Tree Species

Scientific Name

Common Name

Wetland
Indicator Status

Acer rubrum
Acer saccharinum
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Fraxinus nigra
Ulmus americana

Red maple
Silver maple
Green ash
Black ash
American elm

FAC
FACW
FACW
FACW
FACW-

In addition to wetland creation, upland tree planting around the wetland creation site is being
proposed off set the impacts associated with upland tree clearing within NYSDEC regulated 100 ft.
wetland buffers. C&S proposes using RPM trees as available in an effort to expedite initial tree
growth and to enhance survivability. A listing of suitable species is provided below.
Upland Tree Species

Scientific Name

Common Name

Wetland
Indicator Status

Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
Carya ovata
Carya cordiformis
Quercus rubrum
Quercus alba
Quercus macrocarpa
Fraxinus americana
Prunus serotina
Tilia americana

Red maple
Sugar maple
Shagbark hickory
Bitternut hickory
Northern red oak
White oak
Bur oak
White ash
Black cherry
Basswood

FAC
FACUFACUFACU+
FACUFACUFACFACU
FACU
FACU

Actual species to be utilized at the mitigation site are subject to change depending on species
availability at the time of construction. In addition, due to the likely intense grazing pressure by
Canada geese (Branta canadensis) and whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus), the use of exclusion
fencing/ netting and the use of tree protectors is planned.
Wetland construction would be scheduled to commence prior to or commensurate to wetland impacts.
The mitigation site would be permanently deed restricted to prevent future construction activities and

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 17

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

to limit the types of activities that can take place in the area. The wetland mitigation site will be
inspected immediately following construction and be monitored on an annual basis for a period of 5
years after that. Reports documenting the wetland mitigation site would be prepared following each
monitoring event and be submitted to the NYSDEC and USACE for approval.
The post-construction baseline report will include the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.

An as-built topographic survey of the mitigation area at 0.5 foot contour intervals.
Photographs from fixed locations with a photo location map.
A list of plants introduced through seeding and/or planting.
Water depth and the date of measurements from representative locations within the
mitigation area. The sample points are to be fixed locations and shall be plotted on a
map.
5. A list of modifications that were made from the original mitigation plan.
The annual monitoring reports will include the following:
1. A drawing including elevations in mitigation areas, water level elevations, and acreage of
wetland/open water. A full-size drawing and an 8.5 x 11 inch version will be provided.
Monitoring stations and/or transect locations and planting zones will also be identified.
2. Color photographs from set locations and a photo location map.
3. A biological survey of existing flora within sampling quadrants or transects. A plant
species list that gives USFWS Wetland Indicator Status and strata (e.g. herb, shrub, tree)
separated by plant dominance. Dominant plants will be highlighted and the percent of
the aerial cover will be noted. Plants introduced through seeding or planting will also be
indicated. The date of the field inspection will be noted.
4. Water depth and the date of measurement from representative locations within the
mitigation area. The sample points will be fixed locations and will be plotted on a map.
5. A quantitative assessment of monitoring data and a statement as to whether or not the
goals of the mitigation project are being met and a plan with an implementation time
table to correct any deficiencies.
Specific objectives will be used to assess the success of this compensatory mitigation project. These
objectives include:
1. The wetland should have soil saturation and/or evidence of inundation via water potential
or water height measurements during the growing season during the required monitoring
period.
2. The created wetland areas should have at least 85 percent vegetative cover throughout,
and should contain at least 80 percent FAC, FACW, and OBL plant species, with no
more than 50 percent FAC species.
3. That any areas within the mitigation wetlands that are found to be bare of vegetation or
dominated by undesirable or noxious species should be reseeded or replanted after the
first year of monitoring.
4. At the end of the fifth monitoring year, no more than ten percent of the vegetation should
consist of the following invasive species: purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), reed
grass (Phragmites sp.), and reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea).
7.0

CONCLUSION

The proposed project involves unavoidable impacts to federally and State regulated wetlands. Given
the nature and extent of the wetlands impacts, the project location, and current NYSDEC and USACE

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 18

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

wetland mitigation guidelines, in-kind on-site compensatory wetlands mitigation is being proposed.
Based on a review of the functions and values of the impacted wetlands, the combined primary
functions and values of the impacted wetlands in relation to the local setting (Galloo Island) are
floodflow alteration, sediment/ toxicant retention, nutrient removal, production export, sediment/
shoreline stabilization, wildlife habitat, recreation, uniqueness/ heritage, and visual quality/ aesthetics.
Based on the size of the individual effects and the locations where they are proposed, significant
effects to the impacted wetlands abilities to continue to provide these function and values is not
anticipated, however through the use of in-kind on-site mitigation, the overall ability of Galloo Island
wetlands to provide these functions and values, and others, will increase through the creation of
additional wetland resources.

F:\Project\I80 - Watertown Development of NY LLC\I80001001 - Galloo Wetlands Mitigation\Design\NYSDECWMP 10-09.docx

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 19

FIGURE

Figure 1 General Project Location and Topographic Map

Limit of Disturbance
Mitigation Area

Source: USGS 7.5 Minute Topographic Maps (2000).


New York State. Department of Environmental
Conservation. Galloo Island

General Project Location and Topographic Map


Hounsfield Wind Farm
Hounsfield, Jefferson County, New York

Figure 1
0

750

1,500

3,000

Feet
4,500

F:\Project\G74 - Babcock & Brown\G74001001 - Galloo Island Wind Farm\GIS\Projects\GallooIsland_topoI.mxd

PLANS

Wetland Mitigation Plans WM-2-5

CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCE:
1.
2.

3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
\

8.

9.
\

10.
11.

INSTALL STABILIZED CONSTRUCTION ENTRANCE.


INSTALL SILT FENCING AS SHOWN ON THE PLAN AS PER DETAIL
ON SHEET WM-5.
EXCAVATE WETLAND PLUG PLANTING AREA.
IMMEDIATELY UPON ACHIEVEMENT OF FINAL GRADES IN EACH
WETLAND AREA, STABILIZE THE WETLAND CREATION AREA WlTH
EITHER TEMPORARY MULCHING OR PERMANENT PLANTINGS.
EXCAVATE WETLAND TREE PLANTING AREA.
INSTALL UPLAND TREE PLANTINGS.
EXCESS MATERIAL SHALL BE GRADED AND STABILIZED AS SHOWN
ON THE PLAN.
INSTALL ANY REMAINING WETLAND PLANTINGS ACCORDING TO THE
PLANTING PLAN AND PLANTING DETAILS.
UPON ACHIEVEMENT OF 80% SlTE STABILIZATION AND INSPECTION
BY THE OWNERS REPRESENTATIVE, REMOVE TEMPORARY EROSION
CONTROLS.
COMPLETE REMAINDER OF SlTE STABILIZATION AND PLANTINGS.
INSTALL DEER FENCE AS SHOWN ON THE PLANTING PLAN.

COMPANIES
C&S Engineers, Inc.
499 Col. Eileen Collins Blvd
Syracuse, New Yark 13212
Phane: 315-455-2000
Fax: 315455-9667
WWW.C8C0s.COIL1

NOTES:
1.

1
2.

THE STABILIZED CONSTRUCTION ENTRANCE SHALL BE LOCATED


AND THE SlTE SHALL BE ACCESSED FROM THE NETWORK OF
WlND TURBINE ROADS AS SHOWN ON THE PLAN. THIS SHALL
BE THE ONLY ACCESS POINT TO THE SITE. WHEN ENTERING
THE PROPERTY, ON-SITE VEHICULAR TRAFFIC SHALL REMAIN ON
THE ACCESS ROAD UNTIL ENTERING THE UPLAND TREE PLANTING
AREA.
GRADES SHOWN ARE FINAL ELEVATIONS. PROPOSED EARTHWORK
SHALL REQUIRE EXCAVATION BELOW FINAL GRADES TO
ACCOMMODATE THE PLACEMENT OF ORGANIC TOPSOIL. TOPSOIL
SHALL BE AS DEFINED IN ASTM D 5268. ALL EXISTING TOPSOIL
FROM PROJECT AREA SHALL BE STRIPPED AND STOCKPILED FOR
RE-USE IN THE WETLAND AREA. THE PROJECT REQUIRES A 1 2
INCH COVERAGE OF TOPSOIL WlTHlN THE WETLAND. THE
CONTRACTOR IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ACQUIRING 1 2 INCHES OF
TOPSOIL FOR COVERAGE OF THE WETLAND CREATION AREA. THE
CONTRACTOR MAY USE ON-SITE SOILS IF SUITABLE. ANY
ON-SITE TOPSOIL MUST BE OBTAINED FROM A NON-WETLAND
AREA WlTHlN THE PROJECT'S LIMIT OF DISTURBANCE, AND MUST
NOT CONTAIN ANY INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES. IF ON-SITE
TOPSOIL IS NOT AVAILABLE, THE CONTRACTOR MUST PROVIDE
TOPSOIL STHAT MEETS ASTM D 5268.

UPSTATE NY

Consulting Professid
70NiqnmSqum, S u i t o 4 1 0 ~ N e w Y a k 1 4 2 0 2
716-3624116 (O&e Line) 716-362-1166 (Fax)

TOPSOIL SHALL BE THE SURFACE LAYER OF SOlL WlTH NO


ADMIXTURE OF REFUSE OR ANY MATERIAL TOXIC TO PLANT
GROWTH. TOPSOIL SHALL BE SCREENED PRIOR TO PLACEMENT
SUCH THAT THERE ARE NO STONES WHICH ARE GREATER THAN
1 INCH IN DIAMETER. ALL TOPSOIL SHALL BE REASONABLY FREE
FROM SUBSOIL AND STUMPS, ROOTS, BRUSH, CLAY LUMPS OR
SIMILAR OBJECTS. BRUSH AND OTHER VEGETATION WHICH WlLL
NOT BE INCORPORATED WlTH THE SOlL DURING HANDLING
OPERATIONS SHALL BE CUT AND REMOVED. ORDINARY SODS AND
HERBACEOUS GROWTH SUCH AS GRASS AND WEEDS ARE NOT
TO BE REMOVED BUT SHALL BE THOROUGHLY BROKEN UP AND
INTERMIXED WlTH THE SOlL DURING HANDLING OPERATIONS.
THE TOPSOIL OR SOlL MIXTURE, UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
OR APPROVED, SHALL HAVE A PH RANGE OF APPROXIMATELY
5.5 PH TO 7.6 PH, WHEN TESTED IN ACCORDANCE WlTH THE
METHODS OF TESTING OF THE ASSOCIATION OF OFFICIAL
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF INVITATION
OF BIDS. THE ORGANIC CONTENT SHALL BE NOT LESS THAN 1 0
PERCENT NOR MORE THAN 20 PERCENT AS DETERMINED BY
THE WET-COMBUSTION METHOD (CHROMIC ACID REDUCTION).
THERE SHALL BE NOT LESS THAN 20 PERCENT NOR MORE
THAN 80 PERCENT OF THE MATERIAL PASSING THE 200 MESH
SIEVE AS DETERMINED BY THE WASH TEST IN ACCORDANCE WlTH
AASHTO T 11.

TEMPORARY IMPACT TO EXlSTlNG


WETLAND
0.114 AC.

CONTRACTOR
ACCESS ROAD. AREA
TO BE RESTORED.

INTO MITIGATION

3.

TOPSOIL SHALL BE SPREAD TO A THICKNESS OF 1 FEET WlTHlN


THE LIMIT "LIMIT OF NEW WETLAND ELEVATION" AND
FINE-GRADED TO FORM "MICROTOPOGRAPHY". THE BO-TTOMS OF
THE WETLAND CREATION AREA SHALL BE ROUGH GRADED TO
PRODUCE MICROTOPOGRAPHY AS DIRECTED BY THE OWNER'S
REPRESENTATIVE. THE BOTTOMS OF THE PROPOSED WETLAND
CREATION AREA SHALL NOT BE FLAT. THE BASINS SHOULD
HAVE HUMMOCKS AND HOLLOWS THROUGHOUT. THE DIFFERENCE
IN HEIGHT BlWEEN THE HIGH ELEVATIONS OF HUMMOCKS AND
LOW ELEVATIONS OF HOLLOWS SHOULD NOT EXCEED 1 2 INCHES.

4.

ANY EXCESS MATERIALS NOT DISPOSED OF IN DESIGNATED


SPOILS AREA CAN BE DISPOSED OF AS DIRECTED BY THE
OWNER IN ADJACENT AREAS WITHIN 1/4 MILE OF PROJECT SITE.

TEMPORARY IMPACT TO
EXISTING WETLAND -

TEMPORARY 18-INCH
DIAMETER CULVERT TO BE
REMOVED AND AREA TO
BE RESTORED FOLLOWING
REMOVAL OF ROAD.
WIND TURBINE ROAD

APPROXIMATE DISTURBANCE
TEMPORARY IMPACT TO EXISTING
WETLAND - 0.011 AC.

5. SURVEY INFORMATION PROVIDED BY URS CORPORATION TO BE


VERIFIED BY CONTRACTOR. ADDITIONAL SURVEY WlLL BE
REQUIRED PRIOR TO FINAL APPROVAL OF WETLAND MITIGATION
PLANS.
6.

FINISHED GRADE IN SOlL STOCKPILE/SPOILS AREA NOT TO


EXCEED 5:1 H:V.

7. CONTRACTOR TO LOCATE EXISTING UTILITIES PRIOR TO


CONSTRUCTION; CONTACT DIG SAFELY NEW YORK
(1 -800-962-7962)
AND RECORD FILE #. NOTIFY OWNER
IMMEDIATELY IF SlTE CONDITIONS ARE NOT AS NOTED.

a
TEMPORARY IMPACT TO EXISTING
WETLAND - 0.029 AC.

8. CONTRACTOR SHALL PROVIDE AN "AS-BUILT" DRAWING OF


WETLANDS MITIGATION AREA. THE "AS-BUILT" SHALL SHOW
POST-CONSTRUCTION TOPOGRAPHIC CONTOURS AT 0.5 FOOT
CONTOUR INTERVALS. THE "AS-BUILT" BE SIGNED BY A NEW
YORK STATE LICENSED PROFESSIONAL LAND SURVEYOR. THE
"AS-BUILT" SHALL SHOW EXISTING PROPERTY LINES.

9.

60
60'

60

120 Ft.

IT IS ASSUMED THAT SOlL CONDITIONS AT THE SlTE WlLL


PROMOTE THE RETENTION OF WATER WlTHlN THE EXCAVATED
AREAS. IF WATER IS NOT RETAINED BY THE SOILS IN THE
EXCAVATED AREAS, IMPROVEMENTS TO THE SOlL WlLL BE
REQUIRED IN THE FORM OF A MEMBRANE, CLAY LAYER, OR
OTHER APPROVED METHOD.

MARK

.Y

DATE

0,

(3

1
>

DESCRIPTION
REVISIONS

8- 1 PROJECT NO:

s
E

180.001.001

DATE:

OCTOBER 2OW

DRAWN BY:

JTC

DESIGNED BY:

CHECKED BY:

BB

NO ALTERATION PERMlllED HEREON


EXCEPT AS PROVIDED UNDER SECTION
7209 SUBDIVISION 2 OF THE NEW YORK
EDUCATION LAW

W L A N D MmGATlON PLANS

.,0

GRADING PLAN

Section A - A

PROFILE

Station

COMPANIES
C&S Engineers, Inc.
499 Col. Eileen Collins Blvd
Syracuse, New Yark 13212
Phane: 315-455-2000
Fax: 315455-9667
WWW.C8C0s.COIL1

URS Corporation
UPSTATE NY

Consulting Professid
70NiqnmSqum, S u i t o 4 1 0 ~ N e w Y a k 1 4 2 0 2
716-3624116 (O&e Line) 716-362-1166 (Fax)

Section B-B

PROFILE

1 00

1 00

200 Ft.

Station

O+OO
260

1+00
I
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I
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2+00
I
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6+00
I
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I
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I
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I
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7+00
260

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

255

255
--

--

EXISTII\IG GRADE

--

--

--

--

250--

--

;;/

-MARK

250

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

PROPOSED

GRADE 1

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

240
O+OO

I
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I
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1+00

2+00

3+00

4+00

5+00

6+00

1+OO

2+00

3+00

4+00

5+00

6+00

I
I

I
I

DATE

.Y

0,

s
E
C3

245
--

240
7+00

DESCRIPTION
REVISIONS

8- 1 PROJECT NO:

--

245

180.001.001

DATE:

OCTOBER 2OW

DRAWN BY:

JTC

DESIGNED BY:

CHECKED BY:

BB

NO ALTERATION PERMlllED HEREON


EXCEPT AS PROVIDED UNDER SECTION
7209 SUBDIVISION 2 OF THE NEW YORK
EDUCATION LAW

WETLAND MmGATlON PLANS

SECTIONS

Seed Mix 1

T I

Botanical Name
Common Name
Mixture Percent by Weight Percent Pure Live Seed
Lolium multiflorum
Annual ryegrass
20
100
Lolium perenne
Perennial ryegrass
15
100
Eleocharis erythropoda
Bald spi kerush
12
100
Eleocharis acicularis
Needle spi kerush
12
100
Carex lun'da
Shallow sedge
10
100
Carex projecta
Necklace sedge
5
100
Carex granularis
Limestone meadow sel
5
100
Carex lepon'ne
Eggbract sedge
3
100
Carex aquatilus
Water sedge
3
100
Carex lenticulan's
Lakeshore sedge
1.5
100
Carex crinita
Fringed sedge
1.5
100
Carex lacustn's
Hairy sedge
1.5
100
Scirpus microcarpus
Panicled bulrush
1.5
100
Scirpus atrovirens
Green bulrush
1.5
100
Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass
1.5
100
Sparganium eurycarpum
Giant burreed
1.5
100
Poa palustris
Fowl meadowgrass
1.5
100
Leersia oryzoides
Rice cutgrass
1.5
100
Calamagrostis canadensis Blue-pi nt reedg rass
0.5
100
Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed
0.5
100
Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern
0.5
100
Note: Seed Mix 1 application rate is 15 pounds per acre

UPLAND TREE PLANTING


WETLAND PLUG PLANTING SEED MIX 1, AND SEED MIX 2
WETLAND TREE PLANTING, SEED MIX 1 AND SEED MIX 2

P M N Q AND 8EEDINQ SCHEDULE


LOCATION
UPLAND TREE PLANTING, SEED MIX 2
WETMND PLUG PLANTING, SEED MIX 1, AND
SEED MIX 2
WETMND TREE PLANTING, SEED MIX 1, AND
SEED MIX 2

COMPANIES
C&S Engineers, Inc.

499 Col. Eileen Collins Blvd


Syracuse, New Yark 13212
Phane: 315-455-2000
Fax: 315455-9667

ACREAGE

2.877 ACRES
0.243 ACRES
0.884 ACRES

WWW.C8C0s.COIL1

PLANTING NOTES:
1.

UPLAND TREE PLANTING INCLUDES ACER RUBRUM, ACER SACCHARUM, CARYA


CORDIFORMIS, CARYA OVATA, QUERCUS RUBRA, QUERCUS ALBA, QUERCUS
MACROCARPA, FRAXINUS AMERICANA, PRUNUS SEROTINA, AND TlLlA AMERICANA. TREE
PLANTING WlLL OCCUR IN A GRlD LAYOUT WHEREBY TREES WlLL BE PLANTED 2 0
FEET FROM THE NEAREST TREE (20 FEET ON CENTER). THE TEN TREE SPECIES
WlLL BE PLANTED RANDOMLY WlTHlN GRlD LAYOUT. THIRTY-TWO (32) OF EACH TREE
SPECIES WILL BE PLANTED (TOTAL OF 3 2 0 TREES).

2.

WETLAND PLUG PLANTING INCLUDES ALISMA PLANTAGO-AQUATICA, PELTANDRA


VIRGINICA, PONTEDERIA CORDATA, AND SCIRPUS VALIDUS. PLUG PLANTING WlLL
OCCUR IN A GRID LAYOUT WHEREBY PLUGS WILL BE PLANTED 5 FEET FROM THE

Seed Mix 2
Botanical Name
Common Name
Mixture Percent by Weight Percent Pure Live Seed
Lolium perenne
Perennial ryegrass
100
100
Note: Seed Mix 2 application rate is 5 pounds per acre

UPSTATE NY

Consulting Professid
70NiqnmSqum, S u i t o 4 1 0 ~ N e w Y a k 1 4 2 0 2
716-3624116 (O&e Line) 716-362-1166 (Fax)

NEAREST PLUG (5 FEET ON CENTER). THE FOUR SPECIES OF PLUGS WILL BE


PLANTED RANDOMLY WlTHlN THE GRlD LAYOUT. ONE HUNDRED-THIRTY (130) OF
EACH PLUG SPECIES WlLL BE PLANTED (TOTAL OF 5 2 0 PLUGS).
3.

WETLAND TREE PLANTING INCLUDES ACER RUBRUM, ACER SACCHARINUM, FRAXINUS


PENNSYLVANICA, FRAXINUS NIGRA, AND ULMUS AMERICANA. PLANTING WlLL OCCUR IN
A GRlD LAYOUT WHEREBY THE NEAREST TREE WlLL BE PLANTED 1 0 FEET FROM THE
NEAREST TREE (10 FEET ON CENTER). THE FlVE TREE SPECIES WlLL BE PLANTED
RANDOMLY WlTHlN THE GRlD LAYOUT. SEVENN-SEVEN (77) OF EACH TREE SPECIES
WlLL BE PLANTED (TOTAL OF OF 3 8 5 TREES).

4.

ALL AREAS WlTHlN THE WETLAND MITIGATION AREA AND NOT INCLUDED IN PLANTING
AND SEEDING SCHEDULE SHALL BE SEEDED WlTH SEED MIX 1. SOlL STOCKPILE
AREA SHALL BE SEEDED WlTH SEED MIX 2.

5.

NO FERTILIZER IS TO BE APPLIED IN WETLAND MITIGATION AREA.

6.

SEEDING METHOD SHALL BE HYDROSEEDING. SEEDING PROCEDURE SHALL ENSURE


EVEN COVERAGE. SEEDING SHALL OCCUR BY HYDROSEEDING. SEED SHALL BE MIXED
TO ENSURE BROADCAST AT THE RATE SHOWN ON THESE DRAWINGS. SEED, AND
MULCH SHALL BE ADDED TO WATER AND THOROUGHLY MIXED TO MEET THE RATES
SPECIFIED. THE TlME PERIOD FOR THE SEED TO BE HELD IN THE SLURRY SHALL
BE A MAXIMUM 2 4 HOURS. WOOD CELLULOSE FIBER MULCH AND TACKlFlER SHALL
BE ADDED AT THE RATES RECOMMENDED BY THE MANUFACTURER AFTER THE SEED
AND WATER HAVE BEEN THOROUGHLY MIXED TO PRODUCE A HOMOGENEOUS
SLURRY. SLURRY SHALL BE UNIFORMLY APPLIED UNDER PRESSURE OVER THE
ENTIRE AREA. THE HYDROSEEDED AREA SHALL NOT BE ROLLED.

PROPOSED DEER

MULCH SHALL BE BY HYDRO-MULCHING. MULCHING SHALL BE WOOD FIBER


PROCESSED SO THAT THE FIBERS WlLL REMAIN IN UNIFORM SUSPENSION IN WATER
UNDER AGITATION AND WlLL BLEND WlTH GRASS SEED AND OTHER ADDITIVES TO
FORM A HOMOGENOUS SLURRY. IT SHALL HAVE THE CHARACTERISTICS WHICH, UPON
HYDRAULIC APPLICATION, SHALL FORM A BLOTTER-LIKE GROUND COATING WlTH
MOISTURE ABSORPTION AND PERCOLATION PROPERTIES AND THE ABILITY TO COVER
AND HOLD GRASS SEED IN INTIMATE CONTACT WlTH THE SOIL.

7.

REMOVE ALL CONTAINERS AND PACKAGING MATERIAL BEFORE PLANTING AND REMOVE
FROM SITE. SET PLANTS PLUMB BY EITHER HAND OR CORING DEVICE TOOL.
BACKFILL WlTH EXISTING TOPSOIL AND TAMP TO ENSURE GOOD CONTACT BETWEEN
SOlL AND PLUG. DO NOT DAMAGE ROOT STRUCTURE. THE CONTRACTOR SHALL BE
RESPONSIBLE TO KEEP THE PLUGS ADEQUATELY WATERED, IF NECESSARY, TO
ENSURE THEIR SURVIVAL.

8.

ALL TREE PLANTING SHALL OCCUR CONSISTENT WlTH DETAILS "DECIDUOUS TREE
PLANTING DETAILn.

9.

FURNISHED PLANT MATERIAL SHALL HAVE A WARRANTY FOR PLANT GROWTH TO BE


IN A VIGOROUS GROWING CONDITION FOR A MINIMUM 1 2 MONTH PERIOD. A MINIMUM
1 2 MONTH CALENDAR TlME PERIOD FOR THE WARRANTY OF PLANT GROWTH SHALL
BE PROVIDED REGARDLESS OF THE CONTRACT TlME PERIOD. THE PLANT
ESTABLISHMENT PERIOD FOR MAINTAINING EXTERIOR PLANTINGS IN A HEALTHY
GROWING CONDITION SHALL COMMENCE ON THE FIRST DAY OF EXTERIOR PLANTING
WORK UNDER THlS CONTRACT AND SHALL CONTINUE THROUGH THE REMAINING LIFE
OF THE CONTRACT AND END 1 2 MONTHS AFTER THE LAST DAY OF EXTERIOR
PLANTING REQUIRED BY THlS CONTRACT. WHEN PLANT MATERIAL IS DETERMINED TO
BE UNHEALTHY BY OWNER, IT SHALL BE REPLACED ONCE UNDER THlS WARRANTY.

I MARK I
2- I
.h

8- 1 PROJECT NO:

s
E
C3

10.

11.

12.

50
50'

50

100 Ft.

Alisma plantago-aquatica
Peltandra virginica
Pontederia cordata
Scirpus validus

Broad-leaf water plantain


Arrow arum
Pickerel weed
Soft-stem bulrush

2"
2"
2"
2"

plug
plug
plug
plug

130
130
130
130

WOODY PLANT MATERIAL SHALL BE INSTALLED FROM APRIL 1 5 TO MAY 15.


HERBACEOUS PLUG PLANTINGS SHALL BE INSTALLED FROM APRIL 1 5 TO MAY 15,
OR SEPTEMBER 1 TO OCTOBER 15. PLANTING OPERATIONS SHALL BE PERFORMED
ONLY DURING PERIODS WHEN BENEFICIAL RESULTS CAN BE OBTAINED. WHEN
DROUGHT, EXCESSIVE MOISTURE, FROZEN GROUND OR OTHER UNSATISFACTORY
CONDITIONS PREVAIL, THE WORK SHALL BE STOPPED WHEN DIRECTED. WHEN
SPECIAL CONDITIONS WARRANT A VARIANCE TO THE PLANTING OPERATIONS,
PROPOSED PLANTING TIMES SHALL BE SUBMITTED FOR APPROVAL.
ALL WETLAND AND UPLAND TREES SHALL BE PURCHASED FROM RPM ECOSYSTEMS
LLC (OR APPROVED EQUAL).
LlVE PLANTS AND SEEDS WlLL BE OBTAINED FROM A REGIONAL DISTRIBUTOR TO
ENSURE PLANT HARDINESS. SEED SHALL CONFORM TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF
FEDERAL SPECIFICATION JJJ-S-181.
AREAS TO BE PLANTED AND HYDRO-SEEDED
WlLL BE TILLED TO A DEPTH OF FlVE INCHES. THE TOLERANCE FOR PURE LlVE
SEED WlLL BE THOSE CALLED OFFICIAL AND TABULATED ON PAGES 22 AND 23 OF
THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SERVICES AND REGULATORY
ANNOUNCEMENT NO. 156.

DATE

o
0

A?
>

DESCRIPTION
REVISIONS

180.001.001

DATE:

OCTOBER 2OW

DRAWN BY:

JTC

DESIGNED BY:

CHECKED BY:

BB

NO ALTERATION PERMlllED HEREON


EXCEPT AS PROVIDED UNDER SECTION
7209 SUBDIVISION 2 OF THE NEW YORK
EDUCATION LAW

WETLAND MmGATlON PLANS

.,0

PLANTING PLAN

I
I

COMPANIES
C&S Engineers, Inc.
499 Col. Eileen Collins Blvd
Syracuse, New York 13212
Ph-: 315-455-2000
Fax: 315455-9667
WWW.C8C0s.COIL1

URS Corporation

I T
50'MIN.

UPSTATE NY

EXISTING

TRUNK FLARE MUST BE


EXPOSED AT THE TOP
OF THE ROOTBALL
SET TOP OF ROOTBALL
FLUSH TO GRADE OR
1-2" HIGHER IN SLOWLY

3/4" POLYPROPYLENE
WEBBING; ARBORTIE
OR APPROVED EQUAL

10' MAX C. TO C.

1%" X 1%" HARDWOOD


STAKES DRIVEN OUTSIDE
THE EDGE OF THE ROOTBALL

CONT: CAREFULLY REMOVE


FROM CONTAINER.

TAMP SOlL AROUND


ROOT BALL BASE FIRMLY
WlTH FOOT PRESSURE
TO PREVENT SHIFTING
PLACE ROOT BALL
ON UNEXCAVATED
OR TAMPED SOlL

DECIDUOUS TREE PLANTING DETAIL


NOTES:
1. STAKE TREES ONLY WHEN DIRECTED BY OWNER'S REPRESENTATIVE.
STAKING WlLL BE REQUIRED WHEN ROOT BALLS HAVE VERY SAND OR
WET CLAY SOIL, WHEN ROOT BALLS ARE PLACED ON VERY SOFT SOIL,
OR WHEN TREES ARE LOCATED IN AREAS WlTH EXTREMELY WINDY
CONDITIONS.
2.

TIGHTEN WEBBING ONLY ENOUGH TO KEEP FROM SLIPPING.


FOR SOME TRUNK MOVEMENT.

ALLOW

3.

DO NO HEAVILY PRUNE TREE AT PLANTING; PRUNE ONLY CROSSING


LIMBS, CO-DOMINANT LEADERS AND BROKEN OR DEAD BRANCHES.

4.

TREE PROTECTOR SHOULD BE INSTALLED AT TIME OF PLANTING AND


REMOVED 1 2 MONTHS AFTER PLANTING, OR AS DIRECTED BY OWNER'S
REPRESENTATIVE.

COMPACTED SOlL

EMBED FILTER CLOTH


A MIN. OF 6" IN GROUND.

11 I

BERM

(OPTIONAL)

$1

EXISTING
GROUND 7
%
\I/ \

,,w/&

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

7
1
1
- 5 4I 4

/ MOUNTABLE

70NiqnmSqum, S u i t o 4 1 0 ~ N e w Y a k 1 4 2 0 2
716-3624116 (O&e Line) 716-362-1166 (Fax)

HEIGHT OF FILTER
= 16" MIN.

36" MIN. FENCE POST


WOVEN WlRE FENCE (MIN. 1 4
1/2 GAUGE W/ MAX. 6" MESH
SPACING) WITH FILTER CLOTH

Consulting Professid

. . :.::.

E X I S T I N G FILER
~ ~
GROUND
CLOTH

8- MIN.

6' DIA. MULCH RING,


2" DEPTH. DO NOT
PLACE MULCH IN
CONTACT WlTH TRUNK

36" MIN. LENGTH FENCE


POSTS DRIVEN MI1rl. 16"
INTO GROUND.

4" HIGH EARTH


SAUCER BEYOND
EDGE OF ROOT BALL

B&B: REMOVE ALL TWINE,


ROPE, WlRE AND BURLAP FROM
THE TOP HALF OF ROOT BALL.

WOVEN WlRE FENCE


(MIN. 1 4 1/2 GAUGE
W/ MAX. 6" MESH
SPACING)

....:......
. .
....... . .
. .:. .

PROFILE

I
EXISTING
.
.
. . PAVEMENT

zI
20gMlN.

PLAN VIEW
UNDISTURBED GROUND
16-MIN.

J4wY

SILT FENCE DETAIL


CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS

STABILIZED CONSTRUCTION ENTRANCE DETAIL


CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS
1. STONE SIZE

USE 2" STONE, OR RECLAIMED OR RECYCLED CONCRETE EQUIVALENT.

2. LENGTH - NOT LESS THAN 50 FEET (EXCEPT ON A SINGLE RESIDENCE LOT WHERE
A 30 FOOT MINIMUM LENGTH WOULD APPLY).
3. THICKNESS

NOT LESS THAN SIX (6) INCHES.

1. WOVEN WlRE FENCE TO BE FASTENED SECURELY TO FENCE POSTS WITH WIRE TIES
OR STAPLES. POSTS SHALL BE STEEL EITHER "T"' OR "U" TYPE OR HARDWOOD.

4. WIDTH - TWELVE (12) FOOT MINIMUM, BUT NOT LESS THAN THE FULL WIDTH AT
POINTS WHERE INGRESS OR EGRESS OCCURS. TWENTY-FOUR (24) FOOT IF SINGLE
ENTRANCE TO SITE.

2. FILTER CLOTH TO BE TO BE FASTENED SECURELY TO WOVEN WlRE


FENCE WITH TIES SPACED EVERY 24" AT TOP AND MID SECTION.
FENCE SHALL BE WOVEN WIRE, 1 2 1/2 GAUGE, 6" MAXIMUM MESH OPENING.

5. FILTER CLOTH
OF STONE.

3. WHEN TWO SECTIONS OF FILTER CLOTH ADJOIN EACH OTHER THEY SHALL BE OVERLAPPED BY SIX INCHES AND FOLDED. FILTER CLOTH SHALL BE EITHER FILTER X,
MlRAFl 1OOX, STABlLlNKA TI 40N, OR APPROVED EQUIVALENT.

4. PREFABRICATED UNITS SHALL BE GEOFAB, ENVIROFENCE, OR APPROVED EQUIVALENT.

WlLL BE PLACED OVER THE ENTIRE AREA PRIOR TO PLACING

6. SURFACE WATER - ALL SURFACE WATER FLOWING OR DIVERTED TOWARD CONSTRUCTION ENTRANCES SHALL BE PIPED ACROSS THE ENTRANCE. IF PIPING IS
IMPRACTICAL, A MOUNTABLE BERM WITH 5: 1 SLOPES WILL BE PERMITTED.

7. MAINTENANCE - THE ENTRANCE SHALL BE MAINTAINED IN A CONDITION WHICH WILL


PREVENT TRACKING OR FLOWING OF SEDIMENT ONTO PUBLIC RIGHTS-OF-WAY,
ALL
SEDIMENT SPILLED, DROPPED, WASHED OR TRACED ONTO PUBLIC RIGHTS-OF-WAY
MUST BE REMOVED IMMEDIATELY.

.Y

8. WHEN WASHING IS REQUIRED, IT SHALL BE DONE ON A AREA STABILIZED WlTH


STONE AND WHICH DRAINS INTO AN APPROVED SEDIMENT TRAPPING DEVICE.

8- 1 PROJECT NO:

9. PERIODIC INSPECTION AND NEEDED MAINTENANCE SHALL BE PROVIDED AFTER EACH


RAIN.

MARK
0

DATE

0,

s
E
C3

0
0
0

A?
>

DESCRIPTION
REVISIONS
180.001.001

DATE:

OCTOBER 2OW

DRAWN BY:

JTC

DESIGNED BY:

CHECKED BY:

BB

NO ALTERATION PERMlllED HEREON


EXCEPT AS PROVIDED UNDER SECTION
7209 SUBDIVISION 2 OF THE NEW YORK
EDUCATION LAW

WETLAND MmGATlON PLANS

.,0

DETAILS

APPENDIX A

Wetland/Stream Impact Tables

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

WETLAND/STREAM IMPACT TABLES


TABLE 1 Proposed Stream Impacts

Stream Identification

Stream A
(NYSDEC
Article 24)

Sheet
Number

Stream
Type

NYSDEC
Stream Class

Intermittent

C
(Ont. Galloo
Island 1)

USACE 23
NYSDEC 3

Permanent
Impacts
(acres, lf)

Temporary
Impacts
(acres, lf)

0.037, 105.8

0.011, 26.6

(road crossing /
culvert)

(road crossing /
culvert)

TABLE 2 Proposed Lake Ontario Impacts

Action Type

Excavation

Fill

OCTOBER 2009

Action Description
Permanent Slip Dredging
Raw Water Intake
Wastewater Discharge
TOTAL
Temporary Slip Fill &
Blasting Platform
Raw Water Intake
Wastewater Discharge
TOTAL:

Cut/Fill Quantity
within OHW/MHW
(Cu. Yds.)
18,660
104
130
18,894
7,450
228
130
7,808

PAGE 1

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

TABLE 3 Proposed USACE Wetland Impacts


Permanent
Wetland
Impacts
(acres)

Sheet Number

Wetland
Community
Type Effected

Wetland A

USACE 23

PEM

(access road /
culvert)

Wetland A

USACE 34/38

PFO

(access road /
culvert)

Wetland D

USACE 40

PEM

Wetland Identification

0.015

Temp. Wetland Impacts


(acres) 1

0.013
(access road / culvert)

0.064

0.015
(access road /
culvert)

Wetland Q

USACE 9/12

PEM

0.043
(access road / culvert)

0.009
(access road / culvert)

0.007
(underground ECS)

0
4

Wetland U

USACE 4

PFO

(0.0001 acres of
PFO will be
cleared for ECS)

Wetland AI

USACE 4

PEM

Wetland AM

USACE 17

PFO

0.0001
(underground ECS)

0.006
(underground ECS)

0.055
(clearing for rotor laydown
area)

0.023
7

Wetland FB

USACE 41

(access road /
culvert)
(0.025 acres of
PFO will be
cleared for ECS)

(access road, underground


ECS)

TOTAL
ACRES:

0.117

0.180

TOTAL PEM:

0.030

0.035

0.0

0.0

PFO

TOTAL PSS:

0.047

0.087
TOTAL PFO:

(0.025 acres of
PFO will be
cleared for
overhead ECS)

0.145

1. Temporary impacts will be restored post construction. Note that impacts due to road crossings/culverts
shall be restored 18 months after the entire project construction is completed. The acreage shown for
temporary impacts is equivalent to the acreage restored. Restoration efforts will include restoring these
wetlands by re-grading to pre-existing grades. In an effort re-establish vegetation and to provide soil
stabilization and erosion control, impacted areas will be seeded with native plant species. The seeding
effort will be conducted via hydro-seeding methods and will include fertilization and mulch components to
expedite plant growth and establishment. It is anticipated that existing scrub/ shrub upland and wetland

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 2

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

habitats will revert to pre-existing conditions through plant regeneration, recruitment from the undisturbed
adjacent areas, and re-growth from the existing seed bank. It should be noted that no vegetation restoration
efforts will take place in locations that are inundated. It is presumed that these areas will naturally
recolonize themselves through plant re-growth, recruitment from the undisturbed adjacent areas, clonal
propagation, and new growth from the existing seed bank. In an effort to re-establish vegetation to the
disturbed areas, the following seed mixtures will be used:
Percent
By Weight
20
20
10
10
10
10
10
10

OCTOBER 2009

Species

Pure Live
Seed (PLS)

Virginia Wild Rye (Elymus virginicus)


Fox Sedge (Carex vulpinoidea)
Lurid Sedge (Carex lurida)
Riverbank Wild Rye (Elmyus riparius)
Annual Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum)
Fowl Bluegrass (Poa palustris)
Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
Rice Cutgrass (Leersia oryzoides)

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

PAGE 3

WETLANDS AND WATERWAYS MITIGATION PLAN

HOUNSFIELD WIND FARM

TOWN OF HOUNSFIELD, JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK

TABLE 4 Proposed NYSDEC Wetland Impacts

Wetland
Identification

Wetland A/
Stream A
(NYSDEC
GL-2)

Sheet
Number

Wetland
Community
Type
Effected /
Class

Cut/Fill
Wetland/
Stream
Impacts
(acres)

Cut/Fill
Wetland
Impacts to be
Restored
(acres)

NYSDEC 3

PEM
Class 3

0.052
(access
road /
culvert)
0.064
(access
road /
culvert)

1
Wetland A
(NYSDEC
GL-2)

Wetland F
(NYSDEC
GL-1)

Wetland J
(NYSDEC
GL-3)

Wetland Q
(NYSDEC
GL-4)

NYSDEC 6

PFO
Class 3

NYSDEC 8

PEM
Class 2

Wetland and
100 Buffer
Utility Line
Crossing with
no Veg.
Removal
(acres) 1

ECS
Wetland
Impacts
(acres)

100' Buffer
Impacts
(Cut/Fill)
(acres)

100' Buffer
Impacts
(Veg.
Removal)
(acres)

0.024
(access road /
culvert to be
restored)

0.125
(access road)

0.428
(access
road to be
restored)

0.378
(overhead ECS)

0.029
(access road /
culvert to be
converted to
PEM)

0.014
(under
ground
ECS to be
converted
to PEM)

0.080
(access road)
&
0.049
(underground
ECS converted to
turf)

0.278
(access
road,
under
ground
ECS)

0.003
(access
road to be
restored)

0.255
(overhead ECS)

0.339
(clearing
for access
road and
ECS)

0.100
(access road)
&
0.284
(underground
ECS converted to
turf)

PEM
Class 2

0.007
(underground
ECS to be
restored)

0.139
(underground
ECS)

TOTALS:

0.116

0.06

0.014

0.777

1.048

0.633

NYSDEC 4, 5

PFO
Class 3

NYSDEC 2

1. This column accounts for overhead ECS in State regulated wetland and buffer area. Impacts to
vegetation are not anticipated. The acreages provided are equal to the length of the ECS by a 50 foot wide
corridor.

OCTOBER 2009

PAGE 4

APPENDIX B

Functions and Values Evaluation

183.58

Human made?

Comments

None

5,12,16,19

5,6,14

3,4,5,6,7,8,11,14,17,18,
20,21
1,3,5,6

6,9

1,2,4,5

*Refer to Wetland Evaluation for list of numbered considerations.

State-listed avian and/or plant species have the potential to occur within the
wetland.

Relatively pleasing viewing opportunities are present. Wetland has potential to


be valuable wildlife habitat.

Two wetland classes, including dominant wooded swamp vegetation. Relatively


natural views and wildlife viewing opportunities are present within this wetland.

Land is private and not readily or easily accessible.

This wetland is located within a private hunting preserve. It has potential to be


valuable wildlife habitat.

This wetland is potentially good wildlife habitat. It is adjacent to wetlands and


surrounding uplands that are also potentially good wildlife habitat.

A stream is located in the lower portion of the watershed.

Wildlife and wildlife food sources are known to exist within this wetland.

Nutrient sources are not known to exist within the watershed.

1,3,5,7,9,11,12,14

Wetland is associated with a watercourse, however the wetland and watercourse


are unlikely fish / shellfish habitat.
Sediment/ toxicant/ pathogen sources are not known to exist within the
watershed.

0.015

Corps manual wetland delineation


Completed? Y
N

Evaluation based on:


Office:
Field:

762355

762421

Date 6/15/09

Wetland Impact: culverts


Type PEM
Area
PFO 0.064 perm. impact

Prepared by: C&S

435438

Latitude 435405 Longitude

Hydric soils are shallow to bedrock and episaturated, ponds over shallow
impervious rock. Neither an expression of GW recharge or discharge. Wetland
is associated with a watercourse.
This wetland is large and wetland has topo-related storage. Storage potential
exists however the watershed is small and flood prone areas do not exist.

Principal
Function(s)/Value(s)

N/A

Yes

Wetland I.D. A

3,4,5,7,8,9,10,12,13,

5,6,7,8,10,11

15,16,17

1,2,5,6,7,8,9,13,15,16

Rationale
(Reference #)*
6,7,9,11

Wildlife & vegetation diversity/abundance (see attached list)

If not, where does the wetland lie in the drainage basin?

N/A

Or a habitat island?

Contiguous undeveloped buffer zone present Yes

X
X

Suitability
Y N

No

Distance to nearest roadway or other development

Is wetland part of a wildlife corridor?

Notes: Dominant wetland species list is contained within the Wetland Delineation Report.

Other

Endangered Species Habitat

Visual Quality/Aesthetics

Uniqueness/Heritage

Educational/Scientific Value

Recreation

Wildlife Habitat

Sediment/Shoreline Stabilization

Production Export

Sediment/Toxicant/ Pathogen
Retention
Nutrient Removal/ Retention/
Transformation

Fish and Shellfish Habitat

Floodflow Alteration

No

None

Groundwater Recharge/Discharge

Function/Value

How many tributaries contribute to the wetland?

Yes

PEM, PFO

Is the wetland a separate hydraulic system?

Dominant wetland systems present?

Adjacent land use Forest, Agricultural, Developed

Total area of wetland?

Wetland Function Value Evaluation Form

21.23

Human made?
C&S

*Refer to Wetland Evaluation for list of numbered considerations.

State-listed avian and/or plant species have the potential to occur within the
wetland.

Relatively pleasing viewing opportunities are present. Wetland has potential to


be valuable wildlife habitat.

5,7,8,10,11
None

Two wetland classes, including dominant wooded swamp vegetation and


marshes. Relatively natural views and wildlife viewing opportunities are present.

5,11,12,13,14,17,16,19

Land is private and not readily or easily accessible.

This wetland is potentially good wildlife habitat. It is adjacent to wetlands and


surrounding uplands that are also potentially good wildlife habitat.

5,6,7,14

This wetland is located within a private hunting preserve. It has potential to be


valuable wildlife habitat.

3,4,5,6,7,8,11,17,20,21,23

This wetland is located immediately adjacent to North Pond, Lake Ontario.


Vegetation may promote stabilization within the area.

Wildlife and wildlife food sources are known to exist within this wetland.

Nutrient sources are not known to exist within the watershed.

Sediment/ toxicant/ pathogen sources are not known to exist within the
watershed.

1,3,5,6

7,12,15

1,2,4,5

1,4,7,9,11

X
X

4,7,8

Not associated with seasonal or permanent watercourse that could support fish or
shellfish habitat.

None

X
X

This wetland is large and wetland has topo-related storage. Storage potential
exists however the watershed is small and flood prone areas do not exist.

1,2,4,5,6,8,9

Comments

Corps manual wetland delineation


Completed? Y
N

Evaluation based on:


Office:
Field:

0.015

Date 6/15/09

Wetland Impact: Fill/culvert


Type PEM
Area

Prepared by:

Latitude 435455 Longitude 762342

Principal
Function(s)/Value(s)

N/A

Yes

Rationale
(Reference #)*

Wildlife & vegetation diversity/abundance (see attached list)

If not, where does the wetland lie in the drainage basin?

Contiguous undeveloped buffer zone present Yes

N/A

Or a habitat island?

Wetland I.D. D

Hydric soils are shallow to bedrock and episaturated. Rainwater ponds over
shallow impervious rock. Neither an expression of GW recharge or discharge.

Suitability
Y N

No

Distance to nearest roadway or other development

Is wetland part of a wildlife corridor?

Notes: Dominant wetland species list is contained within the Wetland Delineation Report.

Other

Endangered Species Habitat

Visual Quality/Aesthetics

Uniqueness/Heritage

Educational/Scientific Value

Recreation

Wildlife Habitat

Sediment/Shoreline Stabilization

Production Export

Sediment/Toxicant/ Pathogen
Retention
Nutrient Removal/ Retention/
Transformation

Fish and Shellfish Habitat

Floodflow Alteration

No

None_________

Groundwater Recharge/Discharge

Function/Value

How many tributaries contribute to the wetland?

Yes

PEM, PFO

Is the wetland a separate hydraulic system?

Dominant wetland systems present?

Adjacent land use Agricultural Land, Upland Forest

Total area of wetland?

Wetland Function Value Evaluation Form

4.22

Human made?

C&S

Comments

Corps manual wetland delineation


Completed? Y
N

Evaluation based on:


Office:
Field:

0.023

Date 6/15/09

Wetland Impact: Fill


Type PFO
Area
Conversion, PFO 0.025

Prepared by:

Latitude 435453 Longitude 76 2334

Not associated with seasonal or permanent watercourse that could support fish or
shellfish habitat.

None

*Refer to Wetland Evaluation for list of numbered considerations.

State-listed avian and/or plant species have the potential to occur within the
wetland.

Relatively pleasing viewing opportunities are present.

5,7,10,11
None

Two wetland classes and relatively natural views are present within this wetland.

Land is private and not readily or easily accessible.

6,7,14
12,13,16,17,19

This wetland is located within a private hunting preserve.

This wetland is potentially good wildlife habitat. It is adjacent to wetlands and


surrounding uplands that are also potentially good wildlife habitat.

1,3

3,4,5,7,8,11,17,21,23

No sediment or shoreline stabilization qualifiers are present within this wetland.

1,2,4,5
None

Wildlife and wildlife food sources are known to exist within this wetland.

1,7,9,11

Nutrient sources are not known to exist within the watershed.

4,7,8

Sediment/ toxicant/ pathogen sources are not known to exist within the
watershed.

This wetland is large and wetland has topo-related storage. Storage potential
exists however the watershed is small and flood prone areas do not exist.

1,2,5,6,7,9,15

Hydric soils are shallow to bedrock and episaturated. Rainwater ponds over
shallow impervious rock. Neither an expression of GW recharge or discharge.

Principal
Function(s)/Value(s)

N/A

Yes

Wetland I.D. FB

Rationale
(Reference #)*

Wildlife & vegetation diversity/abundance (see attached list)

If not, where does the wetland lie in the drainage basin?

N/A

Or a habitat island?

Contiguous undeveloped buffer zone present Yes

Notes: Dominant wetland species list is contained within the Wetland Delineation Report.

Other

Endangered Species Habitat

Visual Quality/Aesthetics

Uniqueness/Heritage

Educational/Scientific Value

Recreation

Wildlife Habitat

Production Export

Sediment/Shoreline Stabilization

No

Distance to nearest roadway or other development

Is wetland part of a wildlife corridor?

Suitability
Y N

Sediment/Toxicant/ Pathogen
Retention
Nutrient Removal/ Retention/
Transformation

Fish and Shellfish Habitat

Floodflow Alteration

No

None_________

Groundwater Recharge/Discharge

Function/Value

How many tributaries contribute to the wetland?

Yes

PEM, PFO

Is the wetland a separate hydraulic system?

Dominant wetland systems present?

Adjacent land use Agricultural Land/Upland Forest

Total area of wetland?

Wetland Function Value Evaluation Form

2.04

Human made?

Suitability
Y N

No
C&S

0.0001

Comments

Corps manual wetland delineation


Completed? Y
N

Evaluation based on:


Office:
Field:

762623

Date 6/15/09

Wetland Impact: Conversion


Type PFO
Area

Prepared by:

Latitude 435336 Longitude

*Refer to Wetland Evaluation for list of numbered considerations.

State-listed avian and/or plant species have the potential to occur within the
wetland.

Relatively pleasing viewing opportunities are present.

5,7,10,11
None

Two wetland classes and relatively natural views are present within this wetland.

Land is private and not readily or easily accessible.

6,14
5,12,13,16,17,19

This wetland is located within a private hunting preserve.

This wetland is potentially good wildlife habitat. It is adjacent to wetlands and


surrounding uplands that are also potentially good wildlife habitat.

No sediment or shoreline stabilization qualifiers are present within this wetland.

1,3

3,4,5,7,8,11,17,21

None

Wildlife and wildlife food sources are known to exist within this wetland.

Nutrient sources are not known to exist within the watershed.

1,7,11
1,2,4,5

Sediment/ toxicant/ pathogen sources are not known to exist within the
watershed.

Not associated with seasonal or permanent watercourse that could support fish or
shellfish habitat.

None
4,7,8,9

This wetland is large and wetland has topo-related storage. Storage potential
exists however the watershed is small and flood prone areas do not exist.

Hydric soils are shallow to bedrock and episaturated. Rainwater ponds over
shallow impervious rock. Neither an expression of GW recharge or discharge.

Principal
Function(s)/Value(s)

N/A

Yes

Wetland I.D. U

1,2,5,6,9

Rationale
(Reference #)*

Wildlife & vegetation diversity/abundance (see attached list)

If not, where does the wetland lie in the drainage basin?

Contiguous undeveloped buffer zone present Yes

N/A

Or a habitat island?

Distance to nearest roadway or other development

Is wetland part of a wildlife corridor?

Notes: Dominant wetland species list is contained within the Wetland Delineation Report.

Other

Endangered Species Habitat

Visual Quality/Aesthetics

Uniqueness/Heritage

Educational/Scientific Value

Recreation

Wildlife Habitat

Sediment/Shoreline Stabilization

Production Export

Sediment/Toxicant/ Pathogen
Retention
Nutrient Removal/ Retention/
Transformation

Fish and Shellfish Habitat

Floodflow Alteration

No

None________

Groundwater Recharge/Discharge

Function/Value

How many tributaries contribute to the wetland?

Yes

PFO/PEM

Is the wetland a separate hydraulic system?

Dominant wetland systems present?

Adjacent land use Undeveloped/Managed Grassland

Total area of wetland?

Wetland Function Value Evaluation Form

APPENDIX C

Mitigation Site Photographs

Photo1 lookingeasttowestacrossgeneralmitigationarea

Photo2 lookingwesttoeastacrossgeneralmitigationarea

HounsfieldWindFarm

WetllandsMitigationArea

Photo3 lookingnorthwesterlytosoutheasterlyofgeneralmitigation
area

Photo4 lookingsoutheasterlytonorthwesterlyacrossgeneral
mitigationarea

HounsfieldWindFarm

WetllandsMitigationArea