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Honors World History Study Guide

The Neolithic Revolution


How did human existence change when people started living in villages?
Guns, Germs, and Steel
Why do westerners have so much cargo and New Guineans have so little?
River Valley Civilizations
Huang He River Valley (China)
Mesopotamia
Egypt
How did each civilizations environment impact their beliefs and culture?
SPICE Themes
Patriarchy
Polytheism
Code of Hammurabi
What does the Code reveal about Mesopotamians views on:
Gender?
Class?
How does the Code of Hammurabi compare to the ancient Jewish Law Code?
Hinduism and Buddhism
How are the two religions similar and different?
Where did they originate?
Why is the Bhagavad Gita a good representation of Hindu beliefs?
Reincarnation
Dharma
Moksha
Enlightenment
Where is each religion most popular today?
Roman Empire and Judaism/Christianity
Plebeian and Patrician
Whats the difference between:
Monarchy, Republic, Empire
What did the Roman republic look like?
Consuls
Senate
Council of Plebs
What problems were Romans facing that led to a dictator (Julius Caesar) and then
emperors to gain control?
Triumvirates
Octavian, Augustus
What were the major causes of the Western Roman Empire collapsing in 476 CE?
How did Christianity arise out of Jewish traditions?
Monotheism
Why was Christianity able to appeal to the poor throughout the Roman Empire?
How did Christianity challenge the status quo in regards to beliefs and politics?
Classical China and Chinese Philosophies
The Silk Road connected Classical China to what other empire?
Confucianism
Filial Piety
How was Confucius a revolutionary conservative?
He was trying to return China to a previous ideal

Daoism
Tao-Te Ching
Laozi
Legalism
Han Fei
Which philosophy did the Qin Dynasty and Han Dynasty implement?
Shihuangdi
What does Shihuangdis terra cotta army reveal about classical Chinese society?
Compare and contrast the Qin and Han Dynasty
How were they similar and different?
The World of Islam
Who was Muhammad?
Where was he from?
When did he live?
What did the Arabian Peninsula look like before Islam arrived?
What were beliefs like?
Who were the Bedouin?
What is the environment like in Arabia?
How did Muhammad change culture in Arabia?
The Quran
Five Pillars
Hajj
Ramadan
Hijrah
Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
The Rightly Guided Caliphs
The Umayyad Dynasty
The Abbasid Dynasty
The Crusades
Why is the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict perhaps the most complex global problem currently?
Use the documentary Promises to help answer:
What are some of the barriers that separate Palestinians and Israelis?
The Mongol Empire
Pastoral Nomadism
Why are women more equal in these types of societies?
Why is it more difficult for strong leaders to emerge in these types of societies?
How did Ghengis Khan unite the Mongols and become such an effective military leaders?
How were the Mongols able to create the largest contiguous empire in world history?
Saddle and stirrup
What evidence is there that the Mongols were heartless barbarians?
What evidence seems to contradict that?
What is the historical importance of Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo?
Southernization
What is southernization?
What items traveled throughout South Asia and to other parts of the world as a result of
southernization during the post-Classical Era?
What roles did India, China, and the Islamic Caliphates play in particular in promoting
southernization?
Geography
Be able to identify:
China

India
Saudi ArabiaMecca, Medina
Jerusalem
Rome
Greece
Mesopotamia
Iran and Iraq
Mongolia
Carthage