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TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE

PHILIPPINES
938 Aurora Boulevard, Cubao, Quezon City

AR 433A Facilities/Building Administration

Research Assignment #2

SUSTAINABLE BUILDING

Submitted by:
SANDRO, MARY CHARISSE D.
AR41FA4

Submitted to:
ARCH. RHOEL SAMSON
Instructor

09-03-16

1.Sustainable Building
- refers to both a structure and the using of processes that are environmentally
responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to
design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. [1] In other
words, green building design involves finding the balance between homebuilding and
the sustainable environment. This requires close cooperation of the design team, the
architects, the engineers, and the client at all project stages.[2] The Green Building
practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy,
utility, durability, and comfort.[3]
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a set of rating systems for the
design, construction, operation, and maintenance of green buildings which was
Developed by the U.S. Green Building Council. Other certificates system that confirms
the sustainability of buildings is the British BREEAM (Building Research Establishment
Environmental Assessment Method) for buildings and large scale developments.
Currently, World Green Building Council is conducting research on the effects of green
buildings on the health and productivity of their users and is working with World Bank to
promote Green Buildings in Emerging Markets through EDGE Excellence in Design for
Greater Efficiencies Market Transformation Program and certification.[4]
Although new technologies are constantly being developed to complement current
practices in creating greener structures, the common objective of green buildings is to
reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural
environment by:

Efficiently using energy, water, and other resources

Protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity

Reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation[3]

A similar concept is natural building, which is usually on a smaller scale and tends to
focus on the use of natural materials that are available locally.[5] Other related topics
include sustainable design and green architecture. Sustainability may be defined as
meeting the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their needs.[6]Although some green building programs don't address
the issue of the retrofitting existing homes, others do, especially through public. Green
construction principles can easily be applied to retrofit work as well as new construction.
A 2009 report by the U.S. General Services Administration found 12 sustainablydesigned buildings that cost less to operate and have excellent energy performance. In
addition, occupants were overall more satisfied with the building than those in typical
commercial buildings. These are eco-friendly buildings.

2. Classifications of Sustainable Building


1) Energy Efficiency (EE)
Improve energy consumption by optimizing building orientation, minimizing solar
heat gain through the building envelope, harvesting natural lighting, adopting the
best practices in building services including use of renewable energy, and ensuring
proper testing, commissioning and regular maintenance.
2) Indoor Environment Quality (EQ)
Achieve good quality performance in indoor air quality, acoustics, visual and
thermal comfort. These will involve the use of low volatile organic compound
materials, application of quality air filtration, proper control of air temperature,
movement and humidity.
3) Sustainable Site Planning & Management (SM)
Selecting appropriate sites with planned access to public transportation, community
services, open spaces and landscaping. Avoiding and conserving environmentally
sensitive areas through the redevelopment of existing sites and brownfields.
Implementing proper construction management, storm water management and
reducing the strain on existing infrastructure capacity.
4) Materials & Resources (MR)
promote the use of environment-friendly materials sourced from sustainable
sources and recycling. Implement proper construction waste management with
storage, collection and re-use of recyclables and construction formwork and waste.
5) Water Efficiency (WE)
Rainwater harvesting, water recycling and water-saving fittings.
6) Innovation (IN)
Innovative design and initiatives that meet the objectives of the GBI.

Achieving points in these targeted areas will mean that the building will likely be
more environment-friendly than those that do not address the issues. Under the GBI
assessment framework, points will also be awarded for achieving and incorporating
environment-friendly features which are above current industry practice.

3. Parameters and Composition of Sustainable Building

Weighted value of the indicator

Officebuilding
s

Residentia
l buildings

Retail
buildings

HEALTH OF USERS

25

25

20

Management of indoor climate

35

40

40

Setting of requirements and


level of requirements

35

35

30

Quality of design

25

30

35

Quality of supervision and


documentation

20

20

15

Quality of real estate


management contract

20

15

20

30

30

30

Volume of air ventilation

40

25

20

Purity of incoming air

30

30

25

Surface materials
emissions

30

45

55

30

30

30

40

30

25

Indoor air quality

Management of moist
damages

Quality of building-physical
design

Quality of moist control on


site

45

55

65

Quality of building
maintenance manual

15

15

10

Intensity and uniformity

55

Prevention of reflections
and glare

45

Illumination

Consumption of natural
resources

Energy consumption

30

30

35

45

40

45

Setting of requirements for


energy consumption

15

15

15

Heat consumption

25

40

25

Use of real estate electricity

35

20

35

Energy consumption
management

15

15

15

Quality of acceptance
inspection

10

10

10

10

Water consumption

Quality of water distribution


system

100

40

100

60

10

10

10

Utilization of existing built


environment

55

55

55

Utilization of existing
networks

45

45

45

20

20

20

Total use of raw materials


(excluding by-products)

70

55

70

Recycling rate of building


materials

30

20

30

Savings in space areas


with help of common
spaces

25

20

20

20

Design service life

20

25

20

Level of carefulness and


detail of service life design

30

50

30

Level of adaptability

50

25

50

Water consumption
monitoring facilities

Land use

Materials consumption

Service life

Environmental loadings

Emissions into air

35

35

35

50

50

45

Environmental impact of
building products

25

25

25

Environmental impact from


energy use

75

75

75

20

20

20

Quality of waste
management of building

50

50

50

Quality of waste
management on building
site

50

50

50

100

10

10

10

Soil sealing

30

30

30

Removal of soil materials


on site

30

30

30

Value of building lot with


regard to nature protection

30

30

30

Wastes

Sewage

Utilization of rain water

Bio-diversity

Appearance of rare species


on site

10

10

10

Environmental loadings from


traffic

20

15

25

Level of public
transportation services

50

45

60

Vicinity of pedestrian and


bicycle routes

35

25

30

Level of other services


needed by users

15

30

10

ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS

10

10

10

Environmental risks of building


site

35

35

35

Level of purity of building


site

100

100

100

Environmental risks of building

65

65

65

Building materials' risks

40

40

25

Risks of refrigerants

25

Level of environmental risk


management on building
site

30

30

25

Level of health risk


management on building
site

30

30

25

4. Narrative report
I have learned that Sustainable Buildings that uses both technology and process to
create a facility that is safe, healthy and comfortable and enables productivity and
well-being of its occupants. With lots of energy crisis in todays world now its
important for architects, engineers and construction managers to make buildings
which are energy efficient and intelligent by its functions and as well as its usage,
too.
Technologies applied in sustainable buildings will improve the building environment
and functionality for occupants, while reducing operational costs. Sustainable
buildings, perhaps focus on control systems, but intelligent buildings go far beyond
this. An intelligent building has an implicit logic that effectively evolves with
changing user requirements and technology, ensuring continued and improved
intelligent operation, maintenance and optimization. It exhibits key attributes of
environmental sustainability to benefit present and future generations.
An sustanable building system concept recognizes that the true cost of the building
is not its cost of construction; it must include the operating and
maintenance costs over the structures life span. Intelligent
buildings yield cost reductions over all these areas by optimizing energy use
through automated control, communication and management systems. They also
guard against repair costs, employee time, productivity loss, revenue loss and the
loss of customers to competitors. Now a day, all heard of sick- building, this can
inflict in the workplace in terms of poor health and lost production. An intelligent
building must be smart enough to vary the environment to suit the users and also to
provide various means of communication or network regardless of whether it is
internal or external.