ACCESS – HAPA

Analysis of Climate Change in Environmental and Social Studies through Historical Aerial Photography Archives
Draft proposal
By Paolo Paron, PhD

Where

It’s not a white roof…it’s snow!

What

Whaaat…?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ONqn-Mxslg

When
Country
Zambia Nigeria Kenya Tanzania Sabah / Sarawak Malaya Uganda

< 1960
103,976 76,323 85,264 88,802 91,840 59,791 40,444

> 1960
53,678 72,307 51,867 25,880 21,936 0 7,128

Blank
14,749 2,308 0 784 158 0 495

Total
172,403 150,938 137,131 115,466 113,934 59,791 48,067

Ghana
Malawi Lesotho Aden (British) Guyana Fiji Sierra Leone Botswana Somalia Ethiopia Gambia, the Sudan

37,987
22,771 19,748 35,890 15,346 13,732 27,772 23,218 29,853 44 9,389 0

9,195
15,825 18,356 447 17,412 18,817 2,920 7,133 0 24,024 11,380 18,344

0
0 0 0

47,182
38,596 38,104 36,337 32,758

0 0 0 41 0 0 0

32,549 30,692 30,351 29,894 24,068 20,769 18,344

CHANGE DETECTION
SO FAR
2010 2000s, 1990s
Beginning of Very High Resolution Sat Images

- Corona

10-20 y

AFTER
2010

2000s,
1990s

1940s,
1960s
Shifting backward in time of the baseline

50-70y

PARTNERSHIP
African Studies & Geography

Bodleian Library

EC (JRC)

Smith School of Enterprise & Environment

David Anderson David Frame Sir David King

Private foundations (?)
British & French Research Institute Nairobi

FAO (?)
Tony Allan Andrew Goudie Sir Martin McWilliam Museum of Empire & Commonwealth

www.africa.ox.ac.uk www.geog.ox.ac.uk www.smithschool.ox.ac.uk www.empiremuseum.co.uk www.ifranairobi.org www.bodleyan.ox.ac.uk

Workflow
Metadata design

Server/Client design

Cataloguing Web platform design Georef, etc
Production cycle

Scanning

Out in the sky

Indexing

User’s needs

Project TIMELINE
MoUs, Copyright agreements, etc Cataloguing Scanning Georeferencing & Processing On-Line Dissemination Establish/Reinforce Change detection excellence centres Change detection analysis Educational tools Research tools Policy making tools Expand to similar archives Maintain the Change detection centres and network

Phase 1
Back to new life
Duration: 2.5-3y Location: UK + Kenya + India (?)

Phase 2
Empowering local/intern centres
Duration: 1.5-2 y Location: UK, Kenya, …

Phase 3
Expanding to other countries
Duration: … Location: …

OUTPUTS

1
Phase 1 Data preparation

2
Phase 2 – Change detection

4
Policy advice

PROS
Phase 1 • Scalability (East Africa → Great HoA → Africa →…) • UK/Kenya (scanning / georeferencing - googling) • Web site / On-line payment
Phase 2 • Collaborative research projects • Change detection studies

CONSTRAINTS
• Copyright (< 1960 & > 1960)
• Agreements with national surveys

• Downloading (band speed)
• Technicalities (georeferencing system, displaying platform,

etc…)

Thank you

TIMING & STAFFING (phase 1 only)
2 scenarios: 10’ vs 5’ /photo AND 1.5 y for georeferencing
Scenario A = Whole dataset B = Africa only C = Horn of Africa D = East Africa E = Kenya F = Somalia n of photos min/photo staff 1,500,000 923,600 372,800 300,700 137,200 30,000 10 10 10 10 10 10 92 57 23 18 8 2 min/photo 5 5 5 5 5 5 staff 38 28 11 9 4 1

Map-mind Phase 1

Country Aden Anguila Antigua Argentina Aribati Ascension Island Australia Bahama Bangladesh Barbados Barbuda Belize Bermuda

Total 36337 561 453 511 0 427 0 7704 0 1240 586 8694 796

Country Ethiopia Falkland Is Fiji Gambia, the Ghana Gilbert Is Grenada Haiti Jamaica Kenya Kiribati Lake Chad Lesotho

Total 24068 8413 32549 20769 47182 3280 626 9 11724 137131 22 2975 38104

Country Papua New Guinea Penrhyn Rodriguez Sabah / Sarawak Saudi Arabia Shortlands ALU Is Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Is Somalia St Helena St Kitts-Nevis

Total 0 251 1668 113934 112 140 6295 30692 610 7965 29894 1611 1094

Bolivia
Borneo Botswana (British) Guyana British Honduras Brunei Canada Cayman Is Christmas Is Cyprus Dominica Ecuador El Salavador

0
1501 30351 32758 13119 37 0 1941 1074 16740 2006 0 1178

Liberia
Malawi Malaya Malden Is Maldives Malta Marshal Islands Mauritania Mauritius Montserrat Nepal New Hebrides Nigeria

3617
38596 59791 717 151 2837 0 0 7414 458 10289 7534 150938

St Lucia
St Vincent Starbuck Is Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Uganda Virgin Is W. Indies Yemen

2421
2687 520 18344 8499 115466 0 2080 2994 48067 1727 2933 9024

Zambia

172403