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THE COCA-COLA COMPANY ANALYSIS

1. COMPANY OVERVIEW
1.1 Executive Summary
The Coca-Cola Company is currently the worlds largest beverage company. Coca-Cola
owns or licenses more than 400 brands, including diet and light beverages, waters, juice and
juice drinks, teas, coffees, sports and energy drinks. It has ownership interests in numerous
bottling and canning operations. Coca-Cola sells finished beverage products bearing the CocaCola trademarks in more than 200 countries. Examples of well-known brands they own include
Coke, Sprite, Fanta, Vitamin Water, Minute Maid, Bonaqua and Powerade. As December 31,
2006, Coca-Cola operated through eight segments: Africa; East, South Asia and Pacific Rim;
European Union Latin America; North America; North Asia, Eurasia and Middle East.
1.2 History and Growth
Coca-Cola originated as a soda fountain beverage in 1886 selling for five cents a glass.
Early growth was impressive, but it was only when a strong bottling system developed that
Coca-Cola became the world-famous brand it is today.
1894 A modest start for a Bold Idea
In a candy store in Vicksburg, Mississippi, brisk sales of the new fountain beverage called CocaCola impressed the store's owner, Joseph A. Biedenharn. He began bottling Coca-Cola to sell,
using a common glass bottle called a Hutchinson.
Biedenharn sent a case to Asa Griggs Candler, who owned the Company. Candler thanked him
but took no action. One of his nephews already had urged that Coca-Cola be bottled, but Candler
focused on fountain sales.
1899 The first bottling agreement
Two young attorneys from Chattanooga, Tennessee believed they could build a business around
bottling Coca-Cola. In a meeting with Candler, Benjamin F. Thomas and Joseph B. Whitehead

obtained exclusive rights to bottle Coca-Cola across most of the United States (specifically
excluding Vicksburg) -- for the sum of one dollar. A third Chattanooga lawyer, John T. Lupton,
soon joined their venture.
1900-1909 Rapid growth
The three pioneer bottlers divided the country into territories and sold bottling rights to local
entrepreneurs. Their efforts were boosted by major progress in bottling technology, which
improved efficiency and product quality. By 1909, nearly 400 Coca-Cola bottling plants were
operating, most of them family-owned businesses. Some were open only during hot-weather
months when demand was high.
1916 Birth of the contour bottle
Bottlers worried that the straight-sided bottle for Coca-Cola was easily confused with imitators.
A group representing the Company and bottlers asked glass manufacturers to offer ideas for a
distinctive bottle. A design from the Root Glass Company of Terre Haute, Indiana won
enthusiastic approval in 1915 and was introduced in 1916. The contour bottle became one of the
few packages ever granted trademark status by the U.S. Patent Office. Today, it's one of the most
recognized icons in the world - even in the dark!
1920s Bottling overtakes fountain sales
As the 1920s dawned, more than 1,000 Coca-Cola bottlers
were operating in the U.S. Their ideas and zeal fueled steady
growth. Six-bottle cartons were a huge hit after their 1923 introduction. A few years later, opentop metal coolers became the forerunners of automated vending machines. By the end of the
1920s, bottle sales of Coca-Cola exceeded fountain sales.
1920s and 30s International expansion

Led by longtime Company leader Robert W. Woodruff, chief executive officer and chairman of
the Board, the Company began a major push to establish bottling operations outside the U.S.
Plants were opened in France, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Belgium, Italy, Peru, Spain,
Australia and South Africa. By the time World War II began, Coca-Cola was being bottled in 44
countries.
1940s Post-war growth

During the war, 64 bottling plants were set up around the world to supply the troops. This
followed an urgent request for bottling equipment and materials from General Eisenhower's base
in North Africa. Many of these war-time plants were later converted to civilian use, permanently
enlarging the bottling system and accelerating the growth of the
Company's worldwide business.
1950s Packaging innovations
For the first time, consumers had choices of Coca-Cola package size and
type -- the traditional 6.5-ounce contour bottle, or larger servings including 10-, 12- and 26ounce versions. Cans were also introduced, becoming generally available in 1960.
1960s New brands introduced
Following Fanta in the 1950s, Sprite, Minute Maid, Fresca and TaB joined brand CocaCola in the 1960s. Mr. Pibb and Mello Yello were added in the 1970s. The 1980s brought diet
Coke and Cherry Coke, followed by POWERADE and DASANI in the 1990s. Today
hundreds of other brands are offered to meet consumer preferences in local markets around the
world.
1970s and 80s Consolidation to serve customers

As technology led to a global economy, the retailers who sold Coca-Cola merged and evolved
into international mega-chains. Such customers required a new approach. In response, many
small and medium-size bottlers consolidated to better serve giant international customers. The
Company encouraged and invested in a number of bottler consolidations to assure that its largest
bottling partners would have capacity to lead the system in working with global retailers.
1990s New and growing markets
Political and economic changes opened vast markets that were closed or underdeveloped for
decades. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Company invested heavily to build plants in
Eastern Europe. And as the century closed, more than $1.5 billion was committed to new bottling
facilities in Africa.
21st Century
The Coca-Cola bottling system grew up with roots deeply planted in local communities. This
heritage serves the Company well today as people seek brands that honor local identity and the
distinctiveness of local markets. As was true a century ago, strong locally based relationships
between Coca-Cola bottlers, customers and communities are the foundation on which the entire
business grows.
2. MISSION AND VISION STATEMENT
2.1 Current Mission
The world is changing all around us. To continue to thrive as a business over the next
ten years and beyond, we must look ahead, understand the trends and forces that will shape our
business in the future and move swiftly to prepare for what's to come. We must get ready for
tomorrow today. That's what our 2020 Vision is all about. It creates a long-term destination for
our business and provides us with a "Roadmap" for winning together with our bottling partners.
(The Coca-Cola Company, 2013).

Coca-Colas Roadmap starts with their mission, which is enduring. It declares their purpose as a
Company and serves as the standard against which they weigh their actions and decisions.
1. To refresh the world in body, mind and spirit
2. To inspire moments of optimism through our brands and our actions
3. To create value and make a difference everywhere we engage
2.2 Current Vision
Coca-Colas vision serves as the framework for their Roadmap and guides every aspect
of their business by describing what they need to accomplish in order to continue achieving
sustainable, quality growth.

People: Be a great place to work where people are inspired to be the best they can be.

Portfolio: Bring to the world a portfolio of quality beverage brands that anticipate and
satisfy people's desires and needs.

Partners: Nurture a winning network of customers and suppliers, together we create


mutual, enduring value.

Planet: Be a responsible citizen that makes a difference by helping build and support
sustainable communities.

Profit: Maximize long-term return to shareowners while being mindful of our overall
responsibilities.

Productivity: Be a highly effective, lean and fast-moving organization.

2.3 Current Objectives

The main objectives for the Coca-Cola Company are to be globally known as a business
that conducts business responsibility and ethically and to accelerate sustainable growth to operate
in tomorrows world. By having these objectives, it forms the foundation for companies in the
decision making process.
2.4 Current Strategies
The Coca-Cola Company aims to be globally known, they do this by targeting different
areas across the globe with different products, gaining their brand name and popularity. All the
bottling partners work closely with their customers such as convenience stores, grocery stores,
movie theaters and street vendors to create and use localized strategies developed in partnership
with the Company. Their competition with other beverage companies are also narrowed down as
they own various brands that could be possible competition. For example, the Company sells
Coke without the competition of other popular soft drink brands like Sprite and Fanta because
the Company owns those brands as well. The Company often reviews and evaluates their
business plans and performance to improve their earnings and analyze their competitive position
in the market. They make decisions in realigning their business models to match the objectives of
the Company by using strategies and tactics in the analysis of their performance.
2.5 Improved Mission statements
(a) At Coca-Cola we're committed to achieving business and financial success while leaving
a positive imprint on society delivering what we call Performance with Purpose.
(b) Our mission is to be the world's premier consumer Products Company focused on
convenient foods and beverages. We seek to produce financial rewards to in8vestors as
we provide opportunities for growth and enrichment to our employees, our business
partners and the communities in which we operate. And in everything we do, we strive
for honesty, fairness and integrity.
2.6 Improved Vision statements
(a) The Coca-Cola Company responsibility is to continually improve all aspects of the world
in which we operate environment, social, economic creating a better tomorrow than
today."

(b) Our vision is put into action through programs and a focus on environmental stewardship,
activities to benefit society, and a commitment to build shareholder value by making
Coca-Cola Company a truly sustainable company.
Why it is improved:
It is our vision to be the best and leading provider of food and beverage (F&B) products
in the world, to facilitate the people and we emphasis on consumer rather more than competitors.
We are among the top ten food and beverage companies in the world by continually challenging
present conventions and always staying a step ahead of the competition.
It is our mission to be the number one F&B company in the world by providing our
customers with the highest product quality in terms of taste, experience, and satisfaction. We will
ensure this through an unwavering dedication to the continuous development of our products and
processes ensuring that we remain best in class. We will strive to hire the most competent and
dedicated employees whose work ethic will set the standard in the industry.

We will be

paymasters, as we strongly believe that human resource is the only asset that truly appreciates
over time. We will also be a responsible social corporate citizen, and strive to enhance the
quality of life in the markets we serve.
3. SITUATION ANALYSIS
3.1 External assessment
3.1.1 Opportunities
It is highly difficult for the new entrants to enter in the soft drink industry because of
some factors such as brand image and loyalty, bottling network, advertising expense, retail
distribution and fear of retaliation. Coke has significant opportunities within global supply
chain to encourage and develop more sustainable practices to benefit consumers, customers and
suppliers. While, it is still in the premature stages of exploring these opportunities and dedicated
to the economic vitality and health of the farming communities our supply chain engages.

Coke can diminish the fear of substitute by diversifying (related or unrelated) by offering
substitute products. Focusing on its advertising and differentiation can increase its profits. Coke
promotes and support sustainable agriculture not only because it makes good business sense.
World population is expected to grow at 8 billion 2025, and 9.2 billion by 2050. Nearly
99% growth will take place in developing countries. Changing consumer lifestyle; by becoming
health conscious and preferring substitute products. Coke can relatively diversify and offering
health conscious products.
Bottled water consumption in increasing day by day, 11 percent growth is reported.
3.1.2

Threats

Pepsi is the major and primary rival of the Coca-Cola in the soft drink industry, Pepsi is
2nd in revenue behind the Coca-Cola, and also hit Coca-Cola in some markets. Its primary
competitor PepsiCo is highly diversified by providing big range of food products.
Coca-Cola also faces the tough competition from local brands in all over world such as
in Central and South America Kola Real also known as Big Cola in Mexico is giving tough
competition to Coca-Cola etc.
Large numbers of substitutes are available in the market such as water, tea, juices coffee
etc.
Coca-Cola is facing different regulations and policies set by government in different
countries.
Low growth rate in carbonated drinks, which is recorded less than one percent in primary
market of Coca-Cola.
Changing consumer lifestyle; by becoming health conscious and preferring substitute
products. Different studies has been conducted and found other drinks and Coke harmful if
consumed excessively.
3.1.3

Competitive Profile Matrix (CPM)

A competitive profile matrix (CPM) categorizes a firms main rivals and its particular
strengths and weaknesses in relation to a design firms strategic position. In CPM, an
organization assess itself as well its rivals by giving rating and weights to the critical/key success
factors. It then recognizes its strategic competitive place with its major rivals. A firm which
obtains superior weighted points would have the stronger competitive place than its rivals. We
will be using weighted rating system for the construction of CPM. Some of the important steps
involved in the construction of CPM are given below:
1. In the first column, list down all the key success factors of Coca-Cola (usually from 6
to 10).
2. In the second column, assign weights to each factor ranging from 0.0 (not important) to
1 (most important). Greater weights should be given to those factors which have greater
influence on the organizational performance. The sum of all weights must equal 1.
3. Now rate each factor ranging from 1 to 4 for all the firms in analysis. Here, rating 1
represents major weakness, rating 2 shows minor weakness. Similarly, rating 3 indicates
minor strength whereas rating 4 shows major strength. It means that weakness must
receive 1 or 2 rating while strength must get 3 or 4 rating.
4. Calculate weighted score by multiplying each factors score by its rating.
5. Find the total weighted score of all the firms by adding the weighted scores for each
variable.

Competitive Profile Matrix of Coca-Cola Company

The competitiveness of a Company can be assessed on the basis of its general strength rating. If
the dissimilarity among firms overall rating and the points of lower-rated rivals is greater than
the firm has greater net competitive advantage. Alternatively, if the dissimilarity among a firms
overall rating and the points of higher-rated rivals is larger than the Company has net competitive
advantage.
Conclusion: In the above matrix, it demonstrates that Coca-Cola is the market leader and
dominates its rivals with highest points of 3.74. Pepsi is the runner up with 3.42 points and
Cadbury Schweppes is the weakest rival among these three with the score of 2.80. This Matrix
also shows that Coca-Cola is strong in all the aspects of rivalry and has strong position in the
market place.
3.1.4

External Factor Evaluation (EFE) Matrix

External Factor Evaluation (EFE) Matrix is a strategic-management device which is


frequently use for evaluation of current business environment. The EFE Matrix is a superior
instrument to prioritize and visualize the opportunities and threats that a Company is facing. An

external factor in the EFE Matrix comes from social, political, legal, economic and other external
forces.
The EFE Matrix can be developed in five steps:
1. In the first column, lists down all the opportunities and threats. EFE matrix should
include 10 to 20 key external factors as identified in the external-audit process.
2. In the second column assign weights to each factor that ranges from 0.0 (not important)
to 1 (most important). The total weights must sum up to 1.00 (It should be noted that the
importance of weights depend upon the probable impact of factors on the strategic
position of the Company).
3. In the column three, rate each factor (ranging from 1 to 4) on the basis of Companys
response to that factor. (Here, 1 shows poor response, 2 shows average response, 3 shows
above average response and 4 shows superior response).
4. In the column four, calculate the weighted score by multiplying the each factors weight
by its rating.
5. Sum the weighted scores for each variable to determine the total weighted score.

External Factor Evaluation Matrix of Coca-Cola Company

By adding the weighted score of various opportunities and threats of Coca-Cola Company, we
get the total weighted score of 3.05. Here it should be noted that the highest possible total
weighted score of a firm is 4 whereas the lowest possible total weighted score is 1. The total
weighted score remains in the limit of 1 to 4 regardless of the total number of opportunities and
threats. Similarly, the average total weighted score is 2.5. If the total weighted score of a
Company is 4, it means that the Company is effectively taking advantage of existing
opportunities and is also able to minimize the risk. On the other hand, the total weighted score of
1 show that firm is not able to take advantage of current opportunities or avoid external threats.

Conclusion: In the case of Coca-Cola Company, the total weighted score is above average, which
means that the Coca-Cola Company strategies are effective and the Company is taking advantage
of existing opportunities along with minimizing the potential adverse effects of external threats.
3.2 Internal assessment
3.2.1 Strengths
Worlds leading brand Coca-Cola has strong brand recognition across the globe. The
company has a leading brand value and a strong brand portfolio. Coca-Cola is one of the leading
brands in their top 100 global brands ranking in 2006. The value of the Coca-Cola was $67,000
million in 2006. Coca-Cola ranks well ahead of its close competitor Pepsi which has a ranking of
22 having a brand value of $12,690 million. Furthermore, Coca-Cola owns a large portfolio of
product brands. The company owns four of the top five soft drink brands in the world: CocaCola, Diet Coke, Sprite and Fanta. Strong brands allow the company to introduce brand
extensions such as Vanilla Coke, Cherry Coke and Coke with Lemon. Over the years, the
company has made large investments in brand promotions. Consequently, Coca-Cola is one of
the best recognized global brands. The companys strong brand value facilitates customer recall
and allows Coca-Cola to penetrate new markets and consolidate existing ones. Coca-Cola
Company has a large scale of operation with revenues in excess of $24 billion. Coca-Cola is the
largest manufacturer, distributor and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups
in the world. Coco-Cola is selling trademarked beverage products since the year 1886 in the US.
The company currently sells its products in more than 200 countries. Of the approximately 52
billion beverage servings of all types consumed worldwide every day, beverages bearing
trademarks owned by or licensed to Coca-Cola account for more than 1.4 billion. The companys
operations are supported by a strong infrastructure across the world. Coca-Cola owns and
operates 32 principal beverage concentrates and/or syrup manufacturing plants located
throughout the world. In addition, it owns or has interest in 37 operations with 95 principal
beverage bottling and canning plants located outside the US. The company also owns bottled

water production and still beverage facilities as well as a facility that manufactures juice
concentrates. The companys large scale of operation allows it to feed upcoming markets with
relative ease and enhances its revenue generation capacity. Robust revenue growth in three
segments Coca-Colas revenues recorded a double digit growth, in three operating segments.
These three segments are Latin America, East, South Asia, and Pacific Rim and Bottling
investments. Revenues from Latin America grew by 20.4% during fiscal 2006, over 2005.
During the same period, revenues from East, South Asia, and Pacific Rim grew by 10.6% while
revenues from the bottling investments segment by 19.9%. Together, the three segments of Latin
America, East, South Asia, and Pacific Rim and bottling investments accounted for 34.8% of
total revenues during fiscal 2006. Robust revenues growth rates in these segments contributed to
top-line growth for Coca-Cola during 2006.
3.2.2

Weaknesses

Company received negative publicity in India during September 2006. The Company
was accused by the Center for Science and Environment (CSE) of selling products containing
pesticide residues. Coca-Cola products sold in and around the Indian national capital region
contained a hazardous pesticide residue. These pesticides included chemicals which could cause
cancers, damage the nervous and reproductive systems and reduce bone mineral density. Such
negative publicity could adversely impact the companys brand image and the demand for CocaCola products. This could also have an adverse impact on the companys growth prospects in the
international markets. Sluggish performance in North America Coca-Colas performance in
North America was far from robust. North America is Coca-Colas core market generating about
30% of total revenues during fiscal 2006. Therefore, a strong performance in North America is
important for the company.

Summary in points:
Strengths:
1. The Coca-Cola Company operates in over 200 countries and product line has over 400 brands
is the worlds largest beverage Company.
2. Long history has built excellent brand recognition.
3. Partnership longevity with established sporting events including the Olympics.
4. Industry leader in market capitalization with $112 billion.
5. Return on Equity yielded 30 percent in 2006.
6. Leader of dividend yields of 2.6 percent. The Company has had 43 consecutive years of an
annual dividend increase.
7. Joint venture between The Coca-Cola Company and Nestle has resulted in the establishment
of Beverage Partners Worldwide (BPW).
8. Coca-Cola has formed a strong partnership with McDonalds, with McDonalds becoming their
largest customer.
Weaknesses:
1. Product line is limited to beverages.
2. A failed $16 billion acquisition of Quaker Oats hinders long-term growth.
3. Negative publicity in India because of water issues has led to poor brand image and hindered
growth there.

4. Lack of management willingness to place foreign products into American markets.


5. Marketing deficiencies due to turnover in leadership and a 16 percent decrease in advertising
spending.
6. Coca-Colas inventory turnover is only 5.4 compared to PepsiCos 8.0.
3.2.3

Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) Matrix

Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) Matrix is a strategic management instrument for


assessing main strengths and weaknesses in useful areas of a Company. IFE matrix also gives a
foundation for recognizing and assessing associations among those parts. The IFE matrix is
utilized in strategy formulation. Steps in the construction of IFE Matrix are given below:
1. In the first column, lists down all the strengths and weaknesses. IFE matrix should
include 10 to 20 key internal factors.
2. In the second column, assign weights to each factor ranging from 0.0 (not important) to 1
(most important). Greater weights should be given to those internal factors which gave
greater influence on the organizational performance. The sum of all weights must equal 1
3. In the third column, rate each factor ranging from 1 to 4. Here, rating 1 represents major
weakness, rating 2 shows minor weakness. Similarly, rating 3 indicates minor strength
whereas rating 4 shows major strength. It means that weakness must receive 1 or 2 rating
while strength must get 3 or 4 rating.
4. In the fourth column, calculate weighted score by multiplying each factors score by its
rating.
5. Find the total weighted score by adding the weighted scores for each variable.

Internal Factor Evaluation Matrix of Coca-Cola Company

The total weighted score ranges from 1 to 4 (where 1 is low, 4 is high and 2.5 is average)
regardless of the total number of internal factors used in the analysis. If the total weighted score
is less than 2.5 it indicates that the organization is weak internally. On the other hand, the scores
above 2.5 show strong internal position. An internal factor could be included twice in the IFE
matrix if the factor is both strength and weakness.
Conclusion: In case of Coca-Cola Company, the total weighted score is above than average, it
means that the Company is strong internally.

4. STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT
4.1 Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats (SWOT) Matrix

Business owner's challenge is to create products and services the customer values and the
means to produce and deliver those products and services in ways that are exceptional compared
to the competition. To address these challenges, a company must define business objectives and
address operational issues based on its current situation and the factors that impact its financial
and operational goals. Such decision-making processes are frequently supported by structured
brainstorming, which, in turn, can be supported by a SWOT Matrix.
Advantages
The advantages of the SWOT methodology, such as its appropriateness to address a variety of
business issues, make it a desirable tool to support some brainstorming sessions.
Disadvantages
However, to significantly impact company performance, business decisions must be based on
reliable, relevant and comparable data. SWOT data collection and analysis entail a subjective
process that reflects the bias of the individuals who collect the data and participate in the
brainstorming session. In addition, the data input to the SWOT analysis can become outdated
fairly quickly.

Strengths
- Popularity

Internal

SWOT Matrix of Coca-Cola


Weaknesses
- Word of mouth

- Well known

- Lack of popularity of many Coca-

- Branding obvious and easily

Colas brands

recognized

- Most unknown and rarely seen

- A lot of finance

- Result of low profile or non-existent

- Customer loyalty

advertising

- International Trade
Threats
- Changing health-consciousness

- Health issues
Opportunities
- Many successful brands to pursue

attitude

- Advertise its less popular products

External - Legal issues


- Health ministers

- Buy-out competition.
- More Brand recognition

- Competition (Pepsi)
Strengths: Coca-Cola is an extremely recognizable Company. Popularity is one of its superior
strengths that is virtually incomparable. Coca-Cola is known very well worldwide. It's branding
is obvious and easily recognized. Things like, logos and promos shown on t-shirts, hats, and
collectible memorabilia. Without a doubt, no beverage Company compares to Coca-Cola's social
popularity status. Some people buy coke, not only because of its taste, but because it is widely
accepted and they feel like they are part of something so big and unifying. At the other end of the
spectrum, certain individuals choose not to drink coke, based solely on rebelling from the
world's idea that coke is something of such great power. Overwhelming is the best word to
describe Coca-Cola's popularity. It is scary to think that its popularity has been constantly
growing over the years and the possibility that there is still room to grow. If you speak the words
Coca-Cola, it would definitely be recognized all around the world. Money is another thing that
is a strength of the Company. Coca-Cola deals with massive amounts of money all year. Like all
businesses, they have had their ups and downs financially, but they have done well in this
compartment and will continue to do well and improve. The money they are earning is
substantially better than most beverage companies, and with that money, they put back into their
own Company so that they can improve. Another strength that is very important to Coca-Cola is
customer loyalty. The 80/20 rule comes into effect in this situation. Eighty percent of their profit
comes from 20% of their loyal customers. Many people/families are extremely loyal to CocaCola. It would not be rare to constantly find bottles and cases of a product such as coke in a
house. It seems that some people would drink coke religiously like some people would drink
water and milk. This is an improbable feat. Customers will continually purchase these products,
and will probably do so for a very long time. If two parents were avid Coca-Cola drinkers, this

will be passed down do their children as they grow loyal to the Company. With Coca-Colas
ability to sell their product all over the world, customers will continue to buy what they know
and what they likeCoca-Cola products.
Weaknesses: Coca-Cola is a very successful Company, with limited weaknesses. However they
do have a variety of weaknesses that need to be addressed if they want to rise to the next level.
Word of mouth is probably a strength and weakness of every Company. While many people have
good things to say, there are many individuals who are against Coca-Cola as a Company, and the
products in which they produce. Word of mouth unfortunately is something that is very hard to
control. While people will have their opinions, you have to try to sway their negative views. If
bad comments and views are put out to people who have yet to try Coca-Cola products, then that
could produce a lost customer which shows why word of mouth is a weakness. Another aspect
that could be viewed as a weakness is the lack of popularity of many of Coca-Colas drinks.
Many drinks that they produce are extremely popular such as Coke and Sprite but this Company
has approximately 400 different drink types. Most are unknown and rarely seen for available
purchase. These drinks do not probably taste bad, but are rather a result of low profile or nonexistent advertising. This is a weakness that needs to be looked at when analyzing their
Company. Another weakness that has been greatly publicized is the health issues that surround
some of their products. It is known that a popular product like coke is not very beneficial to your
body and your health. With todays constant shift to health products, some products could
possibly loose customers. This new focus on weight and health could be a problem for the
product that are labeled detrimental to your health.
Opportunities: Coca-Cola has a few opportunities in its business. It has many successful brands
that it should continue to exploit and pursue. Coca-Cola also has the opportunity to advertise its
less popular products. With a large income it has the available money to put some of these other
beverages on the market. This could be very beneficial to the Company if they could start selling

these other products to the same extent that they do with their main products. Another
opportunity that we have seen being put to use before is the ability for Coca-Cola to buy out their
competition. This opportunity rarely presents itself in the world of business. However, with
Coca-Colas power and success, such a task is not impossible. Coca-Cola has bought out a
countless number of drink brands. An easy way to turn their profit into your profit is too buy out
their Company. Even though this may cost a vast amount of money initially, in the long run, if all
goes to plan, it results in a large profit. Also, the Company will no longer need to worry about
this product being part of the competition. Brand recognition is the significant factor affecting
Cokes competitive position. Coca-Cola is known well throughout 90% of the world population
today. Now Coca-Cola wants to get there brand name known even better and possibly get closer
and closer to 100%. It is an opportunity that most companies will ever dream of, and would be a
supreme accomplishment. Coca-Cola has an opportunity to continue to widen the gap between
them and their competitors.
Threats: Despite the fact that Coca-Cola dominates its market, it still has to deal with many
threats. Even though Coca-Cola and Pepsi control nearly 40% of the entire beverage market, the
changing health-consciousness attitude of the market could have a serious effect on Coca-Cola.
This definitely needs to be viewed as a dominant threat. In todays world, people are constantly
trying to change their eating and drinking habits. This could directly affect the sale of CocaColas products. Another possible issue is the legal side of things. There are always issues with a
Company of such supreme wealth and popularity. Somebody is always trying to find fault with
the best and take them down. Coca-Cola has to be careful with lawsuits. Health minister could
also be looked at as a threat. Again, some people may try to exploit the unhealthy side of CocaColas products and could threaten the status and success of sales. Other threats are of course the
competition. Coca-Colas main competition being Pepsi, sells a very similar drink. Coca-Cola
needs to be careful that Pepsi does not grow to be a more successful drink. Other product such as

juices, coffee, and milk are threats. These other beverage options could take precedent in some
peoples minds over Coca-Colas beverages and this could threaten the potential success it
presents again.
4.2 Strategic Position and Action Evaluation (SPACE) Matrix
The Strategic Position and Action Evaluation (SPACE) Matrix is one of the important
tools to assess the company and its environment.
Advantages
It is relatively easy to understand and use method as a decision aid. It has four quadrants and
each quadrant indicates which strategy a firm should adopt i.e. competitive, aggressive,
conservative, or defensive in a current position. These four dimensions are the most important
determinants of a firms overall strategic position. Each dimension holds many factors from
EFE, IFE, and SWOT Analysis etc.
Disadvantages
However, as pointed out by Radder and Loew, there are some drawbacks in the method. For
example: While the method is applied, the factors included in each dimension are considered of
equal importance. Whilst the factors may be considered of equal importance (as a hypothesis)
one has to take into consideration the fact that most of the time, the factors under each dimension
does not have equal weights. Hence, the final result may show some differences and this will
affect the outcome of the method, i.e. the appropriate strategy of the company under evaluation.
Strategic Position and Action Evaluation Matrix of Coca-Cola

SPACE Matrix calculations


ES Average Score = -1.83 + Average FS Score (+5.00) = +3.17
CA Average Score = -1.50 + Average IS Score (+5.00) = +3.50

According to the graph above, we noticed that the Coca-Cola Company falls into the aggressive
quadrant of the SPACE matrix. It is located at the coordinates of +3.50 for x-component and a ycomponent of +3.17. It shows that the company has an admirable position to use its IS in order
to take advantage of external opportunities, overcome weaknesses, and avoid threats.

Conclusion: In this position Coca-Cola has set of possible strategies such as market
development, product development, market penetration, forward integration, backward
integration, horizontal integration, horizontal diversification, concentric diversification and
conglomerate diversification depending on detailed conditions that face the company.
4.3 Grand Strategy Matrix (GSM)
Grand Strategy Matrix is famous tool for alternative strategies in addition to SPACE
Matrix, and SWOT Matrix. All the firms can fall one of the GSMs four strategy quadrants.
GSM evaluation is based on two dimensions i.e. market growth and competitive position. Each
quadrant provides the set of possible strategies in which company falls such as quadrant 2
contains market development, market penetration, horizontal integration, divestiture, and
liquidation strategies. Quadrant 3 contains the set of retrenchment, related diversification,
divestiture, unrelated diversification and liquidation strategies. Quadrant 4 contains the set of
diversification, joint ventures and unrelated diversification strategies.
Advantages
The model allows better implementation of strategy because of the intensified focus and
objectivity. It conveys a lot of information about corporate plans in a simplified format.
Disadvantages
However, it may not be as simple as it seems, upon application to real life due to the unforeseen
factors and also complications in the business world. In addition, the relationship between
market share and profitability differs in different industries.
Another issue about this model is that, the grand strategy options are mostly concern on cash
related issues but not values of the firm.
Grand Strategy Matrix of Coca-Cola

Conclusion: As figure identify that Coca-Cola comes in the 1st quadrant. The company
management must focus on current market and achieve growth by adopting product
development, market development and market penetration strategies. The company has abundant
resources and competitive advantage through which it can achieve growth by adopting the
backward and forward integration strategies. Coca-Cola can also adopt the related diversification
strategy to reduce its risk with broad portfolio or product line. Coca-Cola can afford to take
benefit of external opportunities in many areas. It can also take risks being aggressive when
necessary.

5. LONG-TERM OBJECTIVES
Willing continue to intensify and expand it Research and Development (R&D) capacity to
further enhance its competitive edge in the industry.
To ensure profitability and benefits of its shareholders and consumers.
To gain customer loyalty by fulfilling consumer preferences.

9. STRATEGY EVALUATION AND CONTROL


9.1 Procedures
Performance measurement is the process whereby an organization establishes the
parameters within which programs, investments and acquisitions are reaching the desired
results.
Coca Cola links the mission and vision to its operations and functions in a very good
way. The whole performance is managed in a very well manner in order to get best out of it.
Managers and employees are highly involved in the system to take decisions which results in
employee loyalty.
Goals of the company are formulated at the higher level, than head of the departments
make their own goals accordingly, and then comes the unit office, then functional heads which
generate reports, in the end supervisors and employees also set their goals. All these
incomparable policies lead to the success of Coca cola globally.
After the goals and strategy has been formulated, performance is measured in
order to check the implementation of strategy and goals. Monthly review is done to check
the implementation results. During review periods no changes in the goals can be changed.
During the mid-year stage goals can be further refined or altered and new policies can be
designed to achieve the organizational level goals. At the final stage the performance is matched
with the standards and goals of the organization. If there are positive results with increase in
overall productivity, the individual performance of the employees is evaluated and the
rewards are then given on the basis of performance.

9.2 Critical Success Factors


Product quality and taste is a key success factor for Coca-Cola. These both attributes

are very important to get high customer base.


Product diversity and innovation is one of the most important critical success factors
for Coca-Cola. Changing customers needs with time should be recognized by the

company in order to keep its customers satisfies.


Market share and size of the firm is also a critical success factor. Due to the high
market share, Coca-Cola has been able to negotiate with large distributers and thus
making the product available in most of the regions. In order to remain competitive its

highly important for the company to maintain effective distribution channel.


Company image leads to the brand loyalty which is very important for the success.

Brand loyalty in return increases the market share.


Global expansion plays a very vital role in the companys success. Brands that are
globally present are usually preferred by the customers.

9.3 Balanced Scorecard


For performance measurement at smaller units, balanced scorecard should be used:
Perspective
Financial

Goal
Firm financial growth in

Measurement
Annual sales growth

Customer

terms of profitability

Net profitability

Reduce cost of production


Value creation, satisfaction,

improvement
High market share, leading

support

position globally
Consistent decrease in cost of

Internal Business

Efficient production with

sales
Consistent decrease in cost of

waste production

production, increased

Brand expansion

productivity
Number of new markets

Learning and growth

Innovation

entered
New products and processes

Employee training and

added in the company

satisfaction

Reduced rate of employee


turnover

10. CONCLUSION
The Coca-Cola Company has a very rich history and spread over the world, the study in
this analysis especially the particular SPACE matrix tells us that Coca Cola Company should
pursue an aggressive strategy. Coca Cola Company has a strong competitive position in the
market with rapid growth. It needs to use its internal strengths to develop a market penetration
and market development strategy. This includes focus on Water and Juices products, and catering

to health consciousness of people through introduction of different coke flavor and maintaining
basic coke flavor. Further company should integrate with other companies, acquisition of
potential competitor businesses, innovation in branding and aggressive marketing strategy can
bring long term profitability.

REFERENCES
Fred R. David (2011). Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases. 13th edition. Francis Marion
University. Florence, South Carolina. Prentice Hall.
Gerry Johnson, Kevan Scholes (2011). Exploring Corporate Strategy: Text and Cases. 9th edition
Harlow. Prentice Hall.

Bazil, M. (2013). The Motley Fool. Coca-Cola Has a Prosperous 2013 Ahead of It. Available at
http://beta.fool.com/muhammadbazil/2013/01/04/coca-cola-has-prosperous-2013-aheadit/20272/?ticker=KO&source=eogyholnk0000001
The Coca-Cola Company (2013). Coca-Cola Journey. Available at http://www.cocacolacompany.com
Valuation Academy. Porters Five Forces in Action: Sample Analysis of Coca-Cola. Accessed on
02 October 2013. Available from http://valuationacademy.com/porters-five-forces-inaction-sample-analysis-of-coca-cola/