5 views

Uploaded by api-317043940

save

You are on page 1of 8

Math - 1210

Fall 2016

Dear Mr. CEO,

My team and I have completed the cost analysis regarding the pipeline that will be connecting

the natural gas wells near Vernal, Utah to the nearby refinery. This report will include the

findings for the original four routes along with a route my team and I calculated.

Route #1 BLM Land w/o Mountain Drilling

Starting at the wells the pipe would be laid 8 miles west, 16 miles south and 40 miles east. With

this route the entire length of pipe would be constructed on BLM land, priced at $480,000 per

mile. The cost of this route can be displayed as:

C = 64(480, 000)

Total cost of $30,720,000

Route #2 Heading east through the mountain then south to the refinery.

**Similar to route #1, the entirety of the pipe for route #2 will be constructed on BLM owned land.
**

However, this route is obstructed by the mountain range directly east of the wells and drilling 32

miles through the mountain would be necessary to complete this route. This would incur

additional expenses in the form of:

- A one time fee of $4,500,000

- The BLM required environmental impact study costing $600,000 and a 8 month delay

- The company would also lose an additional $800,000 from the 8 month delay

As all of the pipeline would still be on BLM land the cost per mile would be the same at

$480,000. The route itself would need to placed 32 miles east and then 16 miles south. The cost

for all of this can be displayed as:

C = 4, 500, 000 + 600, 000 + 800, 000 + 480, 000(48)

Total cost of $28,940,000

Route #3 The shortest distance across the private ground to the refinery.

Route #3 will have the shortest length of pipe of all the options but would need to be constructed

entirely on the private ground in between the wells and the refinery. Using pythagorean theorem

the approximate length of pipe needed to connect the wells to the refinery would be 35.778

miles (exact figures were used for final cost). In order to have the pipeline placed on the

property an additional $360,000 per mile would need to be paid for right-of-way fees. This would

bring the total cost per mile for private property to $840,000 and can be displayed as:

z = 16√5 miles

C (z) = 840, 000z

Total cost of $30,052,753.62

Route #4 South across the private ground, then straight east to the refinery.

**For route #4 the pipeline would need to be constructed 16 miles directly south of the wells
**

across private land until hitting BLM land and from there placing 32 miles east to connect to the

refinery. This routes’ cost can be displayed as:

C = 16(840, 000) + 32(480, 000)

Total cost of $28,800,000

Route #5 Running at an angle across private land then running east on BLM land.

**In order to construct the pipeline at the lowest possible cost with the given resources a
**

combination of BLM and private land would need to utilized. My team and I calculated a cost

function for this, displayed as:

**C (x) = 840, 000y + 480, 000(32 − x)
**

Let (y) be equal to the unknown length of pipe that will need to be constructed on private

ground. Using pythagorean Theorem:

y = √162 + x2

The cost function now becomes:

**C (x) = 840, 000√162 + x2 + 480, 000(32 − x)
**

Now, to find the (x) that produces the lowest possible outcome, the minimum of the function, we

start by taking the derivative of C (x) .

Now that we have our x-value we can obtain the angle that the pipe needs to leave from the

wells in order for the pipeline to be constructed properly.

Here we’ll represent this angle as θ.

**Taking arctan of the answer yields θ = 34.85°
**

So, to follow the final path the pipeline must leave the well at an angle of 34.85° east of the line

due south for 19.5 miles then continue along BLM land east for 20.86 miles before reaching the

refinery.

Total Cost of $26,389,560.28

Graph

of cost function.

**In conclusion, the most cost effective path is route #5, running diagonally across private land at
**

a determined angle and then continuing on BLM land.

Reflection

In this calculus class I have learned many pieces of useful information that can be used in the

real world. By using first and second derivatives of equations for moving objects, we receive

equations that relate their velocity and acceleration which can be used in many fields, including

what I want to do, automotive engineering. This information could be used to analyze stress and

movement of a moving vehicle. I also found the ability to find the area under a curve particularly

interesting as this leads to being able to find the volume and area of irregular objects which is

useful in both engineering as well as art. In both cases, you can use the math to find out how

much space will be in the irregular object without having to physically keep testing it. I think

calculus is an extremely useful tool as it helps to analyze irregular and changing scenarios,

since things are hardly ever static, calculus is a must in many areas, not just for

mathematicians.

- VOLUME III TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ANNEXURE-A PIPELINE A - 1.pdfUploaded bySoner Salar
- Scada SystemUploaded byLawrenceLopez
- educ 403 vocabulary mini lessonUploaded byapi-341209699
- A COMPARISON OF INHERENT RISK LEVELS IN ASME B31.8 AND UK GAS PIPELINE DESIGN CODES.pdfUploaded byApril Stewart
- Casstel CPP Guard 308 Rev 1 (2)(2)Uploaded byahmedbalo
- PIPELINE Material Process Flow in MMUploaded byKiran Jadhav
- pipeline maintenanceUploaded byyogacruise
- Indian Pipe Industry: Trends & Opportunities (2013-2018)Uploaded byDaedal Research
- fall 2015 pipeline projectUploaded byapi-302069533
- Ptc 2012 PrandiUploaded byFabio Okamoto
- MASTER-30-99-23-0114-1Uploaded byMahesh Sali
- 10 PipelineUploaded bysoroush1111
- Premium Digest April2011Uploaded byargentino_ar01
- spring 2015 pipeline project calcUploaded byapi-301977815
- ENB Line10 Brochure NewUploaded byGökhan Yalçın
- pg1025eUploaded byscrbdgharavi
- Course6 Dimensioning in AutocadUploaded bygeorgeispasoiu
- ASME B31.11a - Slurry Transportation Piping Systems - 1991.pdfUploaded byfercho22
- Project ReportUploaded byShayan Ahmad
- engineeringUploaded byIrfan Mahmood
- Vectors (1)Uploaded byNoble Sharma
- 2016 01 10 Sanya Acute SlidesUploaded bySang-hyun Kim
- L-4 Cleanup Tools.pdfUploaded byVu Duy
- Document Exam 4Uploaded bydeguzmanveronica
- Lacture Note 1Uploaded byvikas
- Pipeline EngineerUploaded byRahmat Taufik
- CAPE PuremathUploaded byCamroul Hookumchand
- 4th grade assessment guide 2018-19Uploaded byapi-325936170
- West Tower vs FPICUploaded bykarl
- jeopardy template2 2003Uploaded byapi-347025977