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‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ‬

‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ‬

‫*‬

‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬
‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺍﻳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﻮﻣﻴﺖﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺟﺮﻗﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ(‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻫﻴﺄﺕﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬
‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ ً ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻼﺡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﻭ‬
‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻫﻮﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﺰ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﻼﺡ ﺑﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻃﻠﺐ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬
‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺟﻨﮓ ﻃﻠﺒﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬
‫ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻦﺑﺴﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬
‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( – ﻫﻴﺌﺖ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ – ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ – ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ – ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ – ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ‬
‫ﺷﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ )‪ ،(1300 .1389‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺟﻤﻌﻪﻯ‬
‫ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 19‬ﺑﻬﻤﻦ‪ 1359‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪﻯ "ﺧﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ"‬
‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ‪ :‬ﭼﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‬
‫ﻛﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻌ ًﺎ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻣﺴــﻠﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ؟ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬
‫"ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺧﻠﻖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬
‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻖ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ‬
‫ﺣﻖ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻼﺷﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﺣﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ‬

‫ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻤﻠﻪﻯ ﻭﺣﺸــﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﻭ‬
‫ﺧﻠــﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬
‫ﺑﻜﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻨﮓﺍﻓﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻨﮓ‬
‫)‪(1‬‬
‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪"...‬‬
‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‪ -‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬
‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬
‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬
‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬
‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ‬
‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻃــﻼﻉ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬

‫* ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﮔﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬
‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬

‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬

‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬

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‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﻗﻌ ًﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬
‫ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ‬
‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﺴﻴﺴــﺖ ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭ )ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬
‫ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ‬
‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ‬
‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻩ‬
‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗ ّﻮﻫﻢ ﻗــﺪﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬
‫ﺷﻜﺴﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣــﺮﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬
‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‪ -‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‪ 1357‬ﺗﺎ‬
‫‪ 1358‬ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﭼﻪ ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ‬
‫ﺭﺍﻫــﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻗــﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬
‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﺍﻭﻝ‪:‬‬

‫ﻳــﻚ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪29‬‬
‫ﺑﻬﻤــﻦ‪ ،1357‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑــﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ‬
‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻴﭗ‪3‬ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺑــﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻠﻊ ﺳــﻼﺡ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺳﻨﻞ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻣــ ً‬
‫ﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻼﺡ ﻭ‬
‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ‪ 13‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺎﻧﻚ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻋﺮﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﻮپ‪ ،‬ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻗﺒﻀﻪ ﺧﻤﭙﺎﺭﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻴﺮﺑﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺁﺭ‪.‬ﭘﻰ‪.‬‬
‫ﺟﻰ‪ .‬ﻫﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺻﺪﻫﺎ ﻗﺒﻀﻪ ﺍﺳــﻠﺤﻪﻯ ﺳﺒﻚ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬
‫ﻣﻬﻤﺎﺕ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬

‫‪62‬‬

‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬

‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 30‬ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬
‫ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( )‪ (1281 .1368‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ‬
‫ﺩﻛﺘــﺮ ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﻣﻜــﺮﻯ )‪ (1305 .1386‬ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬
‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻮﺵ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‬
‫)‪ (1307 .1377‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ )‪ (1309 .1368‬ﻭ ﻏﻨــﻰ ﺑﻠﻮﺭﻳــﺎﻥ )‪.1389‬‬
‫‪ (1303‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬
‫ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺯﻳﺮﻛﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬
‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬
‫ﻃﺎﻏﻮﺗﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ‬
‫)‪(2‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝﻃﻠﺒﻰ ﺍﻛﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻫﻢﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ‬
‫‪ 30‬ﺑﻬﻤــﻦ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻣﻬﺎﺑــﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ‬
‫ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ« ﻗﻄﻊﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ‬
‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 8‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬
‫)‪(3‬‬
‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻊﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫»‪ -1‬ﺧﻠــﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺧﻠﻖﻫﺎﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻜﻴﻢ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺧﻠﻖﻫﺎﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -2‬ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺧﻠﻖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺳــﺘﻢ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺣﻖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‬
‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﺗﻴﻮ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪﻃﻠﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ‬
‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻤ ًﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -3‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺯﺣﻤﺖﻛﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻬﻢ‬

‬‬ ‫‪ -8‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﺟــﺎ ﻛــﻪ »ﻣﻼﻣﺼﻄﻔــﻰ ﺑﺎﺭﺯﺍﻧــﻰ« ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﻪ »ﻗﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ« ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﻴﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻭﺍﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ »ﻣﻴﺖ« ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻔﺮﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻠﻮ )ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭﺳﻂ(‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺳــﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﺍﻓﺴــﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺗﻴﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﻓﺮﺯﻧــﺪﺍﻥ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳــﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺧﻠــﻖ ﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺍﺭﺗﺠﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺧﻠﻘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺿﺪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻠﻢ ﺯﺣﻤﺖﻛﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻘﺎﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺗﺎ ‪ 2‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﺸــﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﻔﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺋــﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺎﻧــﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫)‪(4‬‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻊﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺤﺖ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛــﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺘﻨﻔﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻗﻮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻀﻌﻴﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﻩﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺣﻀــﺮﺕ ﺁﻳﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺳــﻴﺪ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺣﻴــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻫﺮ ﻫﻴﺄﺗﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﺻــﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺠﺎﻋﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺣﺬﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﻞﻭﻭﻳﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﭼﻬﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫‪1391‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪63‬‬ .‬‬ ‫‪ُ -4‬ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﻘــﺐ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺬﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑــﻰ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﻗﻄﻊ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺋﻦ ﺁﻥﻫــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻥﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻨﺎﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺑﻀﺎﻋﺖ ﻟﻄﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﻫﻤــﻪ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺴﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﻬﻦﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.

1360‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠــﺖ ﺍﻻﺳــﻼﻡ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﺭﻓﺴــﻨﺠﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫)‪ ،(1313 .1358‬ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺳــﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺸــﺘﻰ )‪ ،(1307 .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤــﺪ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺣــﺎﺝ ﺳــﻴﺪﺟﻮﺍﺩﻯ )‪ ،(1296 .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺷــﻮﺏ ﭘﻨﺞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺻﺪ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻛﺸﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫)‪(6‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻧﺼﺪ ﺗﻦ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻣﻔﺘﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺒﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻤــ ًﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺪ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻛﺸــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻧﺼﺪ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺻﻔﺪﺭﻯ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘــﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﻗــﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ُﺣﺴــﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻟﺸــﻜﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻭﻟﻰ ﻗﺮﻧــﻰ )‪ (1292 .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻃﺮﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻥﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ ﺻﻔﺪﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪64‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺴﺮﺵ ﺣﺸــﻤﺖ ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻥﭘﻮﺭ ﻛﺸــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.1373‬ﻧﺨﺴﺖﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‪ُ ،‬ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﺮﻛﺸﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺒــﺎﺩﻝ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻــﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫)‪(5‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳــﻦ ‪ 1358‬ﻫﻴﺄﺗــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﺑــﺮﻭﺯ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﺤﺴــﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻰﺻﺪﺭ )‪ ،(1312 .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻣﻔﺘﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 27‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ ،1357‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺳﻼﺡ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔــﺪﺭﻯ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻧﺸــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﻳﻌﻪﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺳــﻴﻠﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺻﺤﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺷــﻮﺏ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺻﻔــﺪﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺷــﻴﻌﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﺍﺭﺩﻻﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻥ )‪ ،(1286 .‬ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﺳــﻠﺤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﻔﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ (7).‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻠﻊ ﺳــﻼﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ ﺻﻔﺪﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫــﻮﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ‬ ‫ﻭ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻣﺴــﻠﺢ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .1371) ،‬ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧــﻰ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺳــﻨﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺠﺖ ﺍﻻﺳــﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .1357‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻟﺸﻜﺮ ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﻓﺮﺑﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ‬ ‫)‪(8‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟــﻒ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻠﺢ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩﻯ ﺁﻳﺖﺍﷲ ﻃﺎﻟﻘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫)‪ (1289 .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﺩﻭﻡ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴــﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘــﻪﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﭘــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻊ ﺳــﻼﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺳــﺘﺎ ﺍﺣﻤــﺪ ﻣﻔﺘــﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ ﺻﻔﺪﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،(1311 .

1365‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﻛﻪ ﺁﻗﺎ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔــﻮﺫ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺁﺭﺍﻣــﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳــﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﻯ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫)‪(14‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ُﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪«.‬ﺍ ّﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷــﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺳــﻮءﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ُﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺋﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﻬﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺩﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫)‪(٩‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﺫﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛُﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻴﺄﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻘــﺪﻩ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻛﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 4‬ﺑﻌﺪﺍﺯﻇﻬﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ‬ ‫)‪(11‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻴﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺴﻠﺢ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺷﻬﺮ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻨﮕﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻴﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻛﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺷــﺶ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﺷﻴﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫)‪(١٠‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ‪ 45‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﻠﻴــﻞ ﮔﺎﺩﺍﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻣﻴﺨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ُﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪» :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﻫﻴﺄﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻋﺎﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺴــﺎﻳﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ «.‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﺳﻮﻡ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻫﺸــﺖ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﺣــﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﺣــﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻢ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴــﻦ ُﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗُﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ‪ 70 ،‬ﻛﺸﺘﻪ ﻭ ‪290‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 18‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸــﺖ ‪ 1358‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻗــﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨــﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ )‪ (1284 .‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺣﻤــﻞ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺟﺴــﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻧﺸﺪ‪ .1378‬ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍ ّﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺎﻣﻰ ‪ 70‬ﻛﺸﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 290‬ﮔﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺭﻏﻢ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪65‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺳــﺮﻗﺖ ﻭ ﻏــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫)‪(13‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻃــﺮﺍﻑ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫)‪(12‬‬ ‫ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌــﻪ ‪ 31‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪ ،1358‬ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺴﻠﺢ )ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ( ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩﻯ ﺳــﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗــﺶ ﺗﻴﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺳﺮﻗﺖ ﻭ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻛﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﮕﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺸــﻜﺮ ‪ 64‬ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻌﻠﻰ ﻇﻬﻴﺮﻧﮋﺍﺩ )‪ (1303 .

‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪﻯ ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ .‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪27‬ﺗﻴﺮ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺳــﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻧﻪﻯ ﻧﺎﺯﻟﻮ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺳــﻨﻞ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪ ،1358‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺳــﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﭼﻤﺮﺍﻥ )‪(1311 .‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺩﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺟﻌﻪﻯ ﻧﻘــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﺻﺪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺾ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪66‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﻫﻢ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻓﻮﻕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 27‬ﺗﻴﺮ‪ 1358‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ‬ ‫)‪(١٨‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺠــﻮﻡ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﮕﻮﺭﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﺘﻪ ﻭ ‪ 23‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫)‪(١٥‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﺷﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺗﻴﺮ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﺸــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﮕﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺣﻤﻠــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺧﻠﻊ ﺳــﻼﺡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨــﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 27‬ﻣــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‪ -‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺸــﺘﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ (٢٠).‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻜﺴــﺘﻦ ﺣﻠﻘﻪﻯ ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫)‪(١٧‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻙ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻠﻂ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻮﻫﺴــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮕﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻛﺴــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻘﻴــﻪﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ‬ ‫ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪ ،1358‬ﺩﻩ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫)‪(١٩‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﭘﻰ ﺩﺭﭘــﻰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﻧﻔﺮﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴ ّﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺾ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩﺷــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻳﮕﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗــﺶ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣــﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﻨﻴــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﭙﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ‪ 17‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 8‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫)‪(١٦‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪﻯ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪﺍ ً ﺑــﻪ »ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ«‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻌــﺪﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻧــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﻧــﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳــﻰ ﺧﻠــﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻــﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻯ ﻣﻴﻬﻨﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 23‬ﺗﻴــﺮ ‪ 1358‬ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ‬ ‫‪ 300‬ﻓﺮﺩ ﻣﺴﻠﺢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴــﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧــﺮﻭﺝ ‪ 25‬ﭘﺎﺳــﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜــﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻯ ﻣﻴﻬﻨﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺟﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻧﻰ )‪ (1321 .1360‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺻــﺮﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 25‬ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 1358‬ﺳــﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ 44‬ﭘﺎﺳــﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺸﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ‪ 18‬ﻧﻔﺮﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ -8‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪30‬ﻣــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻬﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪﺍ ً ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻴﭗ ﺳــﻘﺰ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﭼﭙﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫)‪(٢٣‬‬ ‫ﺁﻥﺟﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ -10‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪1358‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻯ ‪ 5‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‪ ،1358‬ﺣﺠﺖ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﺷﻴﺦ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫)‪(٢٥‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ -11‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻫﻢ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﻦ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﺎء‬ ‫)‪(٢٦‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻮﻫﺴﺘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻘﻴــﺐ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫)‪(٢١‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺳﻴﻄﺮﻩﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﺘﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫‪ -9‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴــﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﺿﻌــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺗﺮﻛﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺷــﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻛﻨﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻘﺰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺩﺭ ‪3‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪1358‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺩﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴــﺎﻡ ‪27‬ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪،1358‬‬ ‫)‪(٢٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬ﻟﺬﺍ ]ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ[ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻭ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠــﻪ ﻣﻬﻨــﺪﺱ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴــﺎﻥ )‪ ،(1316 .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ)ﺭﻩ( ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪" :‬ﻣﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫)‪(٢٨‬‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴــﻮﻥ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻭ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﭼﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﺳــﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻠﻴﻪﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺫﻳﺼﻼﺡ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ (27):‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻜﻮﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺁﻥﭼﻪ‬ ‫"ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﭼﭗ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻠﻊ ﺳﻼﺡ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪27‬ﻣــﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﻟﺸــﻜﺮ ‪ 28‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺟﺪ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫)‪(٢٢‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﻞﻭﻭﻳﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﭼﻬﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫‪1391‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪67‬‬ .

‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﻫﻔﺖ ﺭﺯﻣﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻘﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻜﻨﺠﻪﻯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻜﺮ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫)‪(٣٣‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﻓﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪11‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺩﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻏﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ‬ ‫)‪(٣٥‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺪﻭﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺭﺗﺶ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺷﺎﻫﻨﺸﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻼﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺮﺍﻳﻴﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋــﺮﺍﺏ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻠﺤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻨﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﻠﺤﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪«.‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ)ﺭﻩ( ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺧــﺪﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺳــﺮﻛﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪11‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴــﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﺭﻧﺠﻚ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭ ‪ 15‬ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻤﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 6‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪20‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻓﺴﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫)‪(٣٦‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﭘــﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻌــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺸــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﺄﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫)‪(٣٤‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻩ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴــﺎﻡ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫)‪(29‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺋﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻓﺮﻳﺐ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟــﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﻝ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﻮﺷــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪10‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪1358‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠــﺖ ﺍﻻﺳــﻼﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻯﺧﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫)‪ (1326 .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ‪ 46‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺸﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺭﺗﺸﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺳــﻼﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ُﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﺎﻧﻚ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﺮﺑﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﺭﻩ ﭘﻮﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪ ،‬ﺿﺪﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ… ﺳــﻼﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺑــﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﺩﺭ ‪4‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 1358‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺭﻧﺠﻜﻰ‬ .‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻼﺷــﻴﻨﻜﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﻔﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳــﺞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﻋﻠﻰﺭﻏﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺴــﺎﻟﻤﺖ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎ ﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪68‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﺣــﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪﻯ ﻣﻴﻬﻨﻰ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻋــﺮﺍﻕ ﺩﺭ ‪2‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪1358‬ﻫﻨــﮓ‬ ‫ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣــﺮﻯ ﺳﺮﺩﺷــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺷــﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺧﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﺡ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫)‪(٣١‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻬــﻢ ﻛﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻔﺼﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫)‪(30‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺐ ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪7‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪1358‬ﺑــﺎ ﺧﻤﭙﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﻼﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺟﻠﺪﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﺸﻬﺮ‬ ‫)‪(٣٢‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ ﻭ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .

‬ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻤﺎﺱﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻩﺍﻡ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺳﻠﺴــﻠﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺒﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ُﻛﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ..‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪17‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1358‬ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺩﺭ ‪23‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻌﺜﻰ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘــﺶ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺎﻟﻘﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫)‪(٣٩‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫»ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺸﺖ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺗﺎﺏ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫)‪(٣٧‬‬ ‫‪ 29‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﺷﺸﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺟــﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗــﺖ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﺳــﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﻫــﺮ‪) ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ( ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺄﻣــﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﻰ ﺁﻳﺖﺍ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -8‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪15‬ﻣﻬــﺮ ‪1358‬ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺳﺮﺩﺷــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺠﻮﻡ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 24‬ﭘﺎﺳــﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 20‬ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧــﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫)‪(٣٨‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪..‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺟﻨﮓﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻠﻴﺒﻰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﻭﻳﻢ ﺑﻰﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺣﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﻞﻭﻭﻳﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﭼﻬﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫‪1391‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪69‬‬ .

‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺎﻳﻞ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻣﻤﻠﻜﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪70‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫)ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ(‪ ،‬ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪«.1390‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ( ﻭ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‪) ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ(‪ ،‬ﺗﻔﻮﻳﺾ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﻪﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫)‪(43‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ‪) ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ(‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪29‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 1358‬ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫"ﺍﺻﻮﻻً ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﻠﻴﻪﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻣ ًﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ (42)".‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻁ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ ﺩﻋﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫)‪(44‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻻً ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﻳﻞ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫)‪(40‬‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺣﻞ ﻭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺶ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﻯ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﻯ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺄﻟﻪﻯ‬ ‫)‪(45‬‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ‪24‬ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪ 1358‬ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪" :‬ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺴــﺎﻓﺮﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 2‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ ،1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﭼﻤﺮﺍﻥ‪) ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻠﻰ(‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ‪) ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﺕﺍﷲ ﺳــﺤﺎﺑﻰ )‪) (1309 .‬ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ‪ 17‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺑــﻪ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺿــﺎﻉ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨــﻰ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺟﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻫﺒــﺮ ُﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺛــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﺍ ً ﺑﻪ "ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ" ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ 23‬ﺗﻴﺮ‪ 1358‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺝ ﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ ﺯﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪28‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 1358‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞ ﻏﺬﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﻛﻤﻴﻦ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ‪ 7‬ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭ‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺭﻏﻢ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﺗﺶﺑﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﺩﺭ ‪20‬ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ 1358‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﺁﻥ ‪ 4‬ﺍﻓﺴــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳــﺮﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﻳﺎﺭﺟﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺷــﻬﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻬﺎﺑــﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫)‪(٤٦‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ‪ 7‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ُﻛــﺮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻠــﺢ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺎﻫــﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ".‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻨــﺪﺭﻭ )ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ( ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫)‪(41‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪" :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .

‬‬ ‫‪ -13‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪15‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﺎ ﺧﻤﭙﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫)‪(٥٧‬‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -8‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪6‬ﺁﺑــﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺳــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ 7 ،‬ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟــﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫)‪(٥٢‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪6‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳــﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪» :‬ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻜﻞﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘــﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ «.‬ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻓﺮﻭﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺩﺷــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﭙــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻴﺮﺑﺎﺭ ﺷــﻠﻴﻚ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺳــﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫)‪(٥٦‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﻳﻚ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﺸﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪30‬ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪ 1358‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻌﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪".‬ﺟﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪2‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻧﻪﻯ ﻗﻮﺷــﭽﻰ )ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ( ﺣﻤﻠﻪﻯ ﻣﺴــﻠﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﺁﻥ ‪ 4‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫)‪(٤٩‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -14‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪15‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺍُﺷــﻨﻮﻳﻪ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻧﻤــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ‪ 3‬ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫)‪(٥٨‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 18‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -11‬ﭘﻞ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍژﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪10‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪1358‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﻯ‬ ‫)‪(٥٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﮔﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺮﮔﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﻗﻄﻊ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺖ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﺩﺭﺟﻪﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫)‪(٥١‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ً ﺯﺧﻤﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﭘﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻫﻤﻪﻯ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺄﻟﻪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺳﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫)‪(60‬‬ ‫ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﻰ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫)‪(٥٩‬‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣــﻞ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﻯ ﺗﻴﭗ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﺸــﻬﺮ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪12‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﭼﻤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﻫﻢ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﺨﻴﺮ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺕ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺮﻭ‬ ‫)ﺭﻩ(‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ)ﺭﻩ( ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -10‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 10‬ﺁﺑــﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺳﺮﺩﺷــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ‪ 33‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ‪ 70 ،‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻭ ‪ 60‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫)‪(٥٤‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -9‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﻛﻠﻴﻪﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻘﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺗﻠﻔﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫)‪(٥٣‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫)‪(٥٠‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳﻨﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺯﺧﻤﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪1‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﺸــﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺩﺷﺖ‪ 8 ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫)‪(٤٨‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -12‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪13‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺳﺮﺩﺷــﺖ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ‪ 8‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺷــﺪﻥ ‪ 30‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪71‬‬ .‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫)‪(٤٧‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﺎﺭ ﻧﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺳــﺤﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫)‪(61‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺩﺷــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭﻛﻮﻫﺴﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼــﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫)ﺭﻩ(‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﭘﺨﺶ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺟﺸــﻦ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﺻﺒــﺢ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺯﺩﻳﻢ‪...‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪ ﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 12‬ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 20‬ﺭﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﺁﺗﺶﺑﺲ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﺑﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻃــﻰ ‪ 15‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫)‪(٦٧‬‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﺑﺲ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺤﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ ‪ 1358‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ (٦٦).‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ...‬ﭘﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﻚ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﺷﺪ‪.‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺷﻴﺦﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﻨﻴــﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻢﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪«. .‬ﻫﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﺳﻘﺰ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ)‪ (62‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪19‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﻪﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺳﻘﺰ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫)‪(63‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺍﺳــﻼﻡ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺾﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﺍ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻨﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺾ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﺸﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺮﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺸﺎءﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪«.‬ﺟﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻧــﻰ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﺳــﻂ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ . -2‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﺸﺮﻫﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺩﻟﺨﻮﺍﻩ ﺑﺸــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪72‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺁﺳﺎﻳﺶ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﻤﻊ ﺍﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴــﺮﻛﻞ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺗﺸﻜﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫)‪(65‬‬ ‫ﺣﺰﺑﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﮓ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ‪«.‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺐ ‪16‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺭ‪.‬ﭘﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 26‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫)‪(64‬‬ ‫‪ 1358‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﺟﻰ‪ .. -1‬‬ ‫‪..‬‬ ...‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ‪ 19‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻮﺵ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﺰﺕ ﺍﷲ ﺳــﺤﺎﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﺎﺷﻢ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﺎﺟﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﻏﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﺦﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺟﻼﻝ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﺩﺷﺖ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.

‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣــﺪﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﻼﺣﻴــﺖ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺨﻔﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﺎﻛﻨﻴﻦ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠــﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃــﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩﻯ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫)ﻓﺎﺭﺳــﻰ( ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻦﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺴــﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﺍﻓﺮﻭﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ‪ -4‬ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﻞﻭﻭﻳﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﭼﻬﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫‪1391‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪73‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻭ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫)‪(68‬‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭﺝ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒــﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺬﻫﺒــﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﻣــﺎﻩ ‪ 1358‬ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ "ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻠــﻖ ُﻛــﺮﺩ« ﻣﺮﻛــﺐ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﻩﻯ ﻛﻮﻣﻠــﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﻩﻯ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠــﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺘﻢ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻮﺵ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺌﻴﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﻰ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺖ ﻗﺒــ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺰﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ‪ -6 ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻠــﻖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩﻯ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸــﺎﻩ‪ُ ،‬ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳــﻚ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ ‪ -7‬ﻛﻠﻴﻪﻯ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ )ﺍﺭﺗﺶ(‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺿﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.

‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺴــﻠﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺍﺑــﺮﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺵﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺵﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪..‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﻧﻴــﺖ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 19‬ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺑــﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺠــﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻛﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﭘﻴــﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫)‪(70‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ -8‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺗﻴﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ‪ :‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﻠﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺴــﺄﻟﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺎﻟﻤﺖﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ..‬ﺳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺒ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻨﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ )ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳــﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ(‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻜﻨﻨــﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﻫــﺮ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻭﺝ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﺖ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺩﻳــﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺑﻪ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺮﺍﺋﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺧﻮﺵﺁﻣﺪﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺁﺭﺯﻭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺄﻟﻪﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻔﺎﻫــﻢ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺣﻞﻭﻓﺼﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ ..‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻀﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﺸــﻜﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻞ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ ...‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴــﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺆﺍﻝ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪» :‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪.‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪74‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻣﻴﺰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ‪«..‬ﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻛﺜﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ ﺳــﻪ ﺷﺮﻃﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﺋﻞ ﺷــﺪﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷــﺪﻳﻢ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫)‪(69‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻫﺮ ﻛــﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺳــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻙ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭼﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻧﻤﺎﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ‬ ‫)‪(٧١‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.

‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠــﻖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻛــﻪ‪» :‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻃﻰ ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻭﺳﻴﻌﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺸﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪«...‬ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫)‪(79‬‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺳﺪ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﻳﺐﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪..‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺣﺴــﻦﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺑﻖ ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻜــﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒــﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫)‪(73‬‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﭼﺮﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻮﻣﻠــﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ..‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 8‬ﺩﻯ ‪1358‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ)‪ (80‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪17‬ﺩﻯ ‪1358‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ‪ -‬ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺧﻠﻊ ﺳﻼﺡ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‪ 120 ،‬ﺍﻓﺴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺮﺑﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ (81).‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪75‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﻫﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠــﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ‬ ‫)‪(78‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﭼﺮﺍ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻔﻆ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧــﻰ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 29‬ﻣﻬــﺮ ‪ 1358‬ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻭﺭﺯﺩ!؟«‬ ‫"ﺍﺻــﻮ ً‬ ‫ﻻ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﻛﻠﻴــﻪﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺎﻃﻌﻴﺖ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻣ ًﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ"‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠــﻪ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔــﻰ ﺧﻠــﻖ ُﻛــﺮﺩ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺧﻠــﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ)‪ (75‬ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻃﺮﺡ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ (76).‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ..‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﺳﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ ‪ .‬ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻃﻰ ‪ 48‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫)‪(77‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫)‪(72‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬ﺷﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺍﻋﻀﺎ ُﻛﺮﺩ ‪ .‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻖﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﻃﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ« ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻈﺮﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ‬ ‫)‪(٧٤‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪..

‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭ ‪6‬‬ ‫)‪(91‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 20‬ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﻣــﺪﺕ ﺳــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺸــﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﻫﻢ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﺨﻴﺮ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺕ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ‪26‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ)ﺭﻩ(‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ‬ ‫)‪(84‬‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫)ﺭﻩ(‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨــﻰ ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﺍﻻﺳــﻼﻡ ﺷﻬﺎﺏﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦﺍﺷﺮﺍﻗﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ‬ ‫‪12‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ‪ 1358‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪23‬ﺩﻯ ‪ 1358‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﭼﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫)‪(82‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﻣﺴﻠﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﻟﺸــﻜﺮ ‪ 28‬ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﺸــﻨﺞ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ)ﺭﻩ( ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫)‪(83‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺣﺠﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﭘﻞ ﺫﻫﺎﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺑﻨﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫)‪(92‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 15‬ﺍﻟﻰ ‪ 25‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺗﻴﻤﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻼﺣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺠﺖ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻂ ﺷﻬﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﺴــﻠﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫)‪(87‬‬ ‫)ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ( ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﺸﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺭﺑﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ (90).‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫)‪(85‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣﺎ ﻗﺒ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ﻫﻢ ﮔﻔﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺣﺰﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻮﻻً ﻣﺎ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕﻫﺎ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺼﺎﺏ ‪ 29‬ﺭﻭﺯﻩﻯ ﻫﻮﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻫﭙﻴﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻜﺴــﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ (89).‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻟﺸﻜﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻋﺎﻣﻼﻥ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺳــﺤﺎﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫)‪(86‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪76‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫»ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺷــﺨﺺ ﻣــﻦ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪﻯ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ‪ 26‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ‪«.‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩﻯ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ‬ ‫)‪(88‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺸــﻜﺮ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .

..‬‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﻣﺸــﻬﺪ ﻣﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ ..‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻻﻥ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﺪ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﺑﺪﻫﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺪﻫﻴﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺣــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺮﺩﻩﻯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ‪ 26‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﻰﺻﺪﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺋﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰﺭﻏﻢ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺣﺰﺏ ﻭﻯ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺰﺏ‪ ،‬ﺳﻼﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫)‪(101‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻠﻮ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻗﻠﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ‪..‬ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺳﻮﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ‪.‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫)‪(93‬‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫‪ 26‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﻕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻗﻠﻤــﺮﻭ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻛﺜﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺳــﺎﻛﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺘﻤﻢ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻨﺠﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺾﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻜــﻮﻡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﮔــﻰ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪20‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ‪1358‬ﺑــﻪ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻴﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧــﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﺍ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻨﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻴﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻤﻠــﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ (97).‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪77‬‬ ..‬ﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻫــﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺾ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻣــﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﺸﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪24‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ‪ 1358‬ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌــﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ (98).‬ﺩﺭ ﺍُﺷﻨﻮﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﺪ ﭘﺎﺳﮕﺎﻩ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ‬ ‫)‪(100‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻫﺠﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻋﻔﻮ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪﻯ ﻗﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻟﻴﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻔﻮ ﻛﻠﻴﻪﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺪﺷــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻔﻮ ﻛﻠﻴــﻪﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﺒ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .....‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺋﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺗﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷــﺶ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﮕﺎﻩ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺎﺳﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺸﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ (99).‬‬ ‫ﻫــﻢ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺣــﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺗﻨــﺪﺭﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻐﻮ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺤﻼﻝ ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖ ﺍﻻﺳــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺶ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻒ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫)‪(95‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫)‪(94‬‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻪ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘــﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ..‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻫﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻗﻠﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺧــﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧــﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔﺸــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ‪ 6‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫)ﺭﻩ(‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ‪ 14‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ‪ :‬ﺍﺳــﻼﻡ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫)‪(96‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪ .

‬ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺾ ﻣﻜــﺮﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺁﺷــﺘﻰ ﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﻤــﺎﺩ ﻣﺠــﺪﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤــﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍُﺷــﻨﻮﻳﻪ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 29‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳــﻦ ‪ ،1359‬ﺑــﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﮔــﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫)‪(١٠٧‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺗﺶ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺳﻼﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ژﺍﻧﺪﺍﺭﻣﺮﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺳﻘﺰ ﺩﺭ ‪29‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪ 1359‬ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺎﺩﺕ‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺣﻴﺖ ‪ 4‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪﻯ ﺷﺮﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺩﺭ ‪ 27‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪ 1359‬ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺍﻋــﺰﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍُﺷــﻨﻮﻳﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻋــﺮﺍﻕ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ‪.‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺋﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﻌﻜــﺲ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳــﺪ‪ (104).‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻠــﻪ ‪ 8‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫)‪(١٠٦‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳﻨﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 20‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺑﻨﻰﺻﺪﺭ‬ ‫)ﺭﺋﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ(‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻤــﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ‪" :‬ﻣﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪12‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳــﻦ‪1359‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫــﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻗﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽــﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻼﻑ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ"‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﺤﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺗﻴﻦﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭘــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﻭﺭﻧــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫)‪(103‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪31‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪1359‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻭ ‪ 12‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ‪ 29‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫)‪(١٠٨‬‬ ‫ﺳﻘﺰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺗﺶ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪» :‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘــﻼﺏ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺳﻼﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ‬ ‫)‪(105‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪78‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻴــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒــﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺠــﺪﺩﺍ ً ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪» :‬ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﻧﺤﻮﻩﻯ ﺍﻋﻄــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴــﺄﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫)ﺭﻩ(‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﻋﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ﻫﻔﺘﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤــﻼﺕ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﻭ ﭘﻰﺩﺭﭘﻰ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‪ -‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺰﺏ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﺠﺪﺩﺍ ً ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﺋﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺣــﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺑﮕﻴــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣــﻰ‪ -‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫)‪(١٠٢‬‬ ‫ﺳﻼﺡﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪﻯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻣﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻭ ﻣﻤﺎﻧﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﺗﻴــﻢ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻯ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﻧﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 22‬ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻠﻮ ﺩﺭ ‪22‬ﺗﻴﺮ‬ ‫‪1364‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﺷــﺎﺧﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟــﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺆﺛﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﻠــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛــﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺨﺼﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴــﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺪﺗــ ًﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺸــﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫)‪(١٠٩‬‬ ‫ﺁﺫﻭﻗﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻏﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻠﻴﻚ ﺧﻤﭙﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶ ﺳﻼﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫)‪(١١٠‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪79‬‬ .‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺩﻭ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺳــﺎﺯ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺳﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘــﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﺪ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻰﺩﺭﭘــﻰ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪﻯ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﻧﺸــﻴﻦ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌــﺮﺽ ﺧﻄــﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ )ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻟﺸﻜﺮ ‪ 28‬ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ( ﻛﻪ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳــﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 1359‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﻣﻠــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ُﻛﺮﺩﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳــﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ُﻛﺮﺩﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻌﻄﺎﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻧﻌﻄﺎﻑ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪2‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪1359‬ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﭗ ‪ 3‬ﻟﺸــﻜﺮ ‪ 28‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 40‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺰﺑﻰ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.

6‬‬ ‫‪ .15‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/4/14‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10750‬ﺻﺺ‪.‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،57/12/3‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10644‬ﺹ‪ 4.14‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪.‬ﻭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -10‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓــﻖ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭ ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺣــﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ُﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪.7.‬‬ ‫‪ .2‬‬ ‫‪ .4‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،57/12/1‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‪ ،10642‬ﺹ‪.58/1/9‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ‪2‬ﻭ ‪.10757‬‬ ‫‪ .‬؛ ﻭ ‪58/2/8‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‪ ،10694‬ﺹ‪.8‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/1/7‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.17‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/4/30‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10762‬ﺹ‪.‬ﻭ‪7‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ ،58/1/6‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10667‬ﺻﺺ‪1 .5‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ‪.‬ﻭ‪.‬ﻭ‪ 7‬ﻭ ‪ ،57/12/29‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10666‬ﺻﺺ‪2 .‬ﺑﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﺣﺴﻦﻧﻴﺖ‪ .‬ﻭ ‪.10‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،58/2/1‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10688‬ﺻﺺ‪2.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪80‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪1-http://www.‬‬ ‫‪ -10‬ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌــﺪﺩﻯ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -9‬ﺷــﻴﺦ ﻋﺰﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﺶ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭ ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻜــﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻟﺬﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﻪﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻤﺖﺁﻣﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺴــﻠﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺩﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﺴﻴﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻣﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻳﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺍﻛﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.10926‬‬ .10668‬‬ ‫‪ .‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻋﺎﺕ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -8‬ﺣﺰﺏ ﺩﻣﻜــﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﮋﻣﻮﻧــﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.2‬‬ ‫‪ .18‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/4/31‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10763‬ﺻﺺ‪.13‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/2/5‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10692‬ﺹ‪.‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،59/12/3‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10644‬ﺹ‪ 4.siahkal.‬‬ ‫‪1‬؛ ﻭ ‪ ،58/2/6‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،1069‬ﺹ‪7.1357/12/20‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ ‪ ،57/12/5‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫‪ ،10645‬ﺹ‪ 5.‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.6‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪1‬ﻭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪1‬ﻭ‪.7‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/1/6‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10667‬ﺻﺺ‪.com/index/right-col/‬‬ ‫‪Mosahebeh-ba-Mamoosta.2‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،58/4/14‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10570‬ﺹ‪ 2.7‬‬ ‫‪ .7‬‬ ‫‪ .20‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/5/25‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10757‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 58/11/21‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.‬ﻭ ‪ ،58/6/20‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫‪ ،10804‬ﺹ‪.2 .‬‬ ‫‪ -9‬ﻋﻠﻰﺭﻏــﻢ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻠﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘــﺐ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺎﻩ ﺭﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻢﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻨﻔــﺬ ﻣﺬﻫﺒــﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ُﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻫﻴﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻠﻖ ُﻛﺮﺩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .7‬‬ ‫‪ .3‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،57/12/2‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10443‬ﺹ‪ 8 .9 .‬ﻭ ‪ ،57/12/6‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10646‬ﺹ‪ .12‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/2/3‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،10690‬‬ ‫ﺻﺺ‪1.‬‬ ‫‪1‬ﻭ‪.2.16‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/4/24‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.19‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/5/6‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10768‬ﺹ‪.‬ﻭ‪.1357/12/4‬‬ ‫‪ .9‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ‪.11‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ‪ ،58/2/2‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،10689‬‬ ‫ﺻﺺ‪1.htm‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،57/12/1‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10642‬ﺹ‪ 2.6‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،57/12/28‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،10665‬‬ ‫ﺻﺺ‪2.11 .‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .1358/2/19‬‬ ‫‪ .

42‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ 1358/7/29‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10836‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 58/7/30‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.(1358‬‬ ‫‪ .1358/6/11‬‬ ‫‪ .10836‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ‪.9 .‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،58/6/6‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10793‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪1‬ﻭ‪ 2‬ﻭ ‪ ،58/6/10‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ . http://www.10796‬ﺹ‪.37‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/7/5‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ .33‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ‪ ،58/6/10‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،77‬‬ ‫ﺹ‪.‬ﺹ‪.3 .‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ‪ ،58/8/13‬ﺻﺺ‪1.‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .12‬‬ ‫‪ .28‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .1358/6/9 ،‬‬ ‫‪ .1 .2 .10843‬‬ ‫‪ .38‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/7/17‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10826‬ﺹ‪12 .11.1 .2‬‬ ‫‪ .58‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/16‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10850‬ﺹ‪.‬ﻭ ‪ 58/8/9‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫‪ 10845‬ﺻﺺ‪1 .58/6/6‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 58/7/22‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‪-‬ﻯ ‪ 10830‬ﺻﺺ‪ 2 .‬‬ ‫‪ .46‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/7/21‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10892‬ﺹ‪ 1.51‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ‪ ،58/8/8‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،125‬‬ ‫ﺹ‪.(1358‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪2‬ﻭ‪.49‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/7‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10843‬ﺹ‪.‫ﻓﺼﻠﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ ‪.‬ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/2‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،10893‬‬ ‫ﺹ‪.‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،58/8/8‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10844‬ﺹ‪ 2 .43‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/8/1‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10838‬ﻭ ‪58/8/5‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.2 .meisami.‬‬ ‫‪ .23‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/6/1‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10789‬ﺹ‪.33 .47‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/7/30‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10837‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .htm‬‬ ‫)ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ‪ :‬ﻟﻮﻣﻮﻧﺪ‪ 1979/10/ 25 ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ‪ 4‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‪.10841‬‬ ‫‪44.57‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/16‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10850‬ﺹ‪.24‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ‪ 58/6/8‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،76‬‬ ‫ﺻــﺺ‪1 .53‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/6‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10842‬ﺹ ‪.‬ﻭ ‪ 58/6/31‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،93‬ﺹ‪ 4.35‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/6/12‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10798‬ﺹ‪.‬ﻭ‪ ،2‬ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ 58/6/7‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫‪ ،10794‬ﺹ‪.2‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .2 .3.2 .‬‬ ‫‪ .1 .25‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/6/4‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10792‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .54‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/12‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10846‬ﺹ‪2 . http://www.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ ‫‪81‬‬ .2 .1358/7/25‬‬ ‫‪ .10817‬ﺻﺺ‪.48‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ‪ 58/8/1‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،119‬‬ ‫ﺹ‪ 2 .66 .61‬ﻣﺎﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﺹ‪.10790‬‬ ‫‪ .2‬‬ ‫‪ .3‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .45‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/8/6‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10842‬ﻭ ‪58/8/7‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.22‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ 58/5/28‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩﻯ‬ ‫‪.21‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/5/28‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10485‬ﻭ ‪58/6/3‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.41‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪.‬ﻭ‪.40‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ 58/7/25‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10834‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 58/7/29‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .30‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪.meisami.‬ﻭ‪2‬ﻭ‪ 3‬ﻭ ‪58/7/19‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10828‬ﺻﺺ‪1 .52‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/6‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10842‬ﺹ‪ 1.36‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/6/21‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10805‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .59‬ﺧﻤﻴﻨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺡﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﺻﺤﻴﻔــﻪﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،1361 ،‬ﺝ‪ ،10.com/Cheshm/Special/Kord‬‬‫‪estan01/cord-8.‬‬ ‫‪ .1.‬‬ ‫‪ .10837‬‬ ‫‪ .34‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ‪ ،58/6/12‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪،79‬‬ ‫ﺹ‪ 2 .com/Cheshm/Special/Kord‬‬‫‪estan01/cord-8.32‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/6/7‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10794‬ﺻﺺ‪.11.‬‬ ‫‪60.27‬ﭼﻤــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‪ُ ،‬ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﭼﻤﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،1361 ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .11.50‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ ،58/8/13‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10847‬ﺹ‪ 3 .3 .10785‬‬ ‫‪ .3 .‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 58/7/18‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10827‬ﺻﺺ‪1 .39‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ 1358/7/13‬ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪.146 .26‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/6/6‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10793‬ﺹ‪.2 .‬ﻭ ‪ ،58/8/19‬ﺹ‪.1358/7/19‬‬ ‫‪ .htm‬‬ ‫)ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ‪ :‬ﻫﺮﺍﻟﺪﺗﺮﻳﺒﻴﻮﻥ ‪ 1979/11/3‬ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ‪ 15‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ‪.56‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/14‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10848‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،58/8/15‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10849‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/6/31‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10812‬ﺹ‪.29‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ‪.31‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/6/3‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10790‬ﺹ‪ 2 .‬‬ ‫‪ .11‬‬ ‫‪ .55‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/12‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10846‬ﺹ‪.

101‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‪.10978‬‬ ‫‪ .10894‬‬ ‫‪ .79‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ 58/10/16‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10899‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ .97‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/12/21‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10951‬ﺹ‪.95‬ﻣﺎﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﮋﻩﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ‪ ،58/12/21‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫‪ .80‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/10/9‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪10893‬ﻭ ‪58/11/8‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.102‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،59/1/11 ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .10871‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .103‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،59/1/14 ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10958‬‬ ‫‪ .74‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/9/29‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.3‬‬ ‫‪ 59/2/1‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.62‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/8/17‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10851‬ﺹ‪.10916‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 58/8/21‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10854‬ﺹ‪.10943‬‬ ‫‪ .10863‬‬ ‫‪ .3 .10903‬‬ ‫‪ .77‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ 58/10/9‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10893‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،58/10/10‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10885‬‬ ‫‪ ،232‬ﺹ‪.110‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،59/2/3‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10902‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻭ ‪ ،59/1/31‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10977‬ﺻﺺ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .10919‬‬ ‫‪ .81‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/10/18‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10901‬ﺹ‪1 .73‬ﻣﺎﻫﻨﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﮋﻩﻯ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ﺩﻭ‪.‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ُﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .67‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/9/4‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.11.11 .10868‬‬ ‫‪ .93‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/11/14‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10921‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،58/11/24‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.83‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/10/20‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10962‬‬ ‫‪ ،58/10/17‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.2 .‬‬ ‫‪ .106‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،59/1/30‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10976‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .10870‬‬ ‫‪ .85‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/10/26‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.72‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/9/24‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ‪.10959‬‬ ‫‪ .98‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/12/25‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10954‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 58/11/26‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.96‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/12/20‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10950‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 58/11/21‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.84‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/10/23‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10904‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ،58/10/24‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10906‬ﺹ‪.109‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،59/1/31‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10977‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ .10963‬‬ ‫‪ .10916‬‬ ‫‪ .108‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺹ‪ 12 .10928‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .10896‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .90‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/11/9‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ ،58/10/23‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10903‬ﺹ‪.94‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/12/12‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10900‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .66‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/9/1‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.92‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/11/13‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.88‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/11/8‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.76‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/10/8‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.89‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‪.75‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/9/29‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.70‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/12‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10964‬‬ ‫‪ .10880‬‬ ‫‪ .5 .78‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 58/10/12‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10966‬‬ ‫‪ .10920‬‬ ‫‪ .105‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،59/1/18‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10917‬‬ ‫‪ .9 .87‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .64‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/26‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10858‬ﻭ ﻣﺄﺧﺬ‬ ‫‪ ،59‬ﺹ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .10885‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .63‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/20‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10853‬ﺹ‪11.100‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 59/1/7‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.107‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ 59/1/31‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ ،10977‬ﺹ‪.99‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،59/1/6‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.2 .86‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪82‬‬ ‫‪1‬ﻭ‪.197.10955‬‬ ‫‪ .69‬ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‪.82‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/10/22‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10862‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .10951‬‬ ‫‪ .10892‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .10865‬‬ ‫‪ .68‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/9/7‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.65‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/8/27‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10859‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 58/8/28‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪ 10860‬ﻭ ‪ 58/8/30‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.10980‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ‪1391‬‬ .9 .10907‬‬ ‫‪ .104‬ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ ،59/1/16‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ‬ ‫‪.91‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/11/11‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.71‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،58/9/13‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻯ ‪.