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Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia that was initially
characterized by a weakening of memory, up to a brain disorder in planning, reasoning,
perception, and language. Although the exact cause of this disease is unknown, experts
believe that Alzheimer's disease generally occurs due to increased production of proteins and
in particular the accumulation of beta-amyloid protein in the brain that cause the death of
nerve cells. There are several factors that can increase a person's risk of developing
Alzheimer's disease, among which are age, severe head injury, family history or genetics, and
lifestyle. Alzheimer's disease are prone to occur in people who have over 65 years and as
many as 16 percent are those aged over 80 years.
As a progressive condition, the symptoms of Alzheimers disease develop gradually and
become more severe over time. The first symptom is usually a minor affect on the memory,
with an individual forgetting about a recent conversation, event or the name of an object or
place, for example. Gradually, memory problems worsen and other symptoms start to develop
such as confusion, personality changes, hallucination, language and speech difficulties and
difficulty moving around independently.
Diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's patients generally live about eight to ten years after symptoms appear, but there
are also some other patients who could live longer than that. Although Alzheimer's disease
has no cure, various treatments available today aims to slow the progression of the condition
and relieve symptoms.
Therefore, immediately see a doctor if you experience changes in memory or you are worried
dementia. If Alzheimer's disease can be diagnosed early, then you will have more time to do
the preparation and planning for the future, and more importantly, you will get faster
treatment that may help.
There is no specific test to prove someone having Alzheimer's. In diagnosing Alzheimer's
disease, the doctor will ask about the problem and the symptoms experienced by patients.
Medical tests may be done to ensure the conditions experienced by patients is not due to other
In addition to medication, Alzheimer's disease can also be psychologically treated through
cognitive stimulation in order to improve patient retention, restore capabilities in speaking
and in solving problems, and helped to live as independent as possible.
Prevention of Alzheimer's disease
Because the exact cause is unknown, it is difficult to prevent this disease with certainty.
However, there are several ways you can do to maintain the health and function of the brain,
including by eating healthy foods, exercising, not smoking, limiting alcohol consumption,
and regularly went to the doctor with age.