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Joni Seidel-Gomez

Fall Block 2016

TEKS: 6. B. 6. A-C. 7. A-D. and 9. A-C.

(6) Expressions, equations, and relationships. The student applies mathematical process

standards to use multiple representations to describe algebraic relationships. The student

is expected to: (A) Identify independent and dependent quantities from tables and

graphs; (B) write an equation that represents the relationship between independent and

dependent quantities from a table; and (C) represent a given situation using verbal

descriptions, tables, graphs, and equations in the form y = kx or y = x + b.

(7) Expressions, equations, and relationships. The student applies mathematical process

standards to develop concepts of expressions and equations. The student is expected to:

(A) Generate equivalent numerical expressions using order of operations, including

whole number exponents and prime factorization; (B) distinguish between expressions

and equations verbally, numerically, and algebraically; (C) determine if two expressions

are equivalent using concrete models, pictorial models, and algebraic representations; and

(D) generate equivalent expressions using the properties of operations: inverse, identity,

commutative, associative, and distributive properties.

(9) Expressions, equations, and relationships. The student applies mathematical process

standards to use equations and inequalities to represent situations. The student is expected

to: (A) Write one-variable, one-step equations and inequalities to represent constraints or

conditions within problems; (B) represent solutions for one-variable, one-step equations

and inequalities on number lines; and (C) write corresponding real-world problems given

one-variable, one-step equations or inequalities.

Algebra & Geometry is a guided book created to help the beginning algebra

student with vocabulary explanation. The book is aimed at providing

understanding of vocabulary in a fun and entertaining method to help the

students enjoy math and its concepts. Each term is depicted as a fun

Dr. Math Gets You Ready for Algebra is a book created to prepare students

or math enthusiasts for algebra. Dr. Math gives an introduction to the

vocabulary and real world understanding of algebra. The book provides

hints and explanations of commonly misunderstood concepts. The book is

written with real answers for real questions asked by students embarking

on their algebra journey.

The Math Forum. (2003). Dr. Math gets you ready for algebra. San Francisco: JosseyBass.

Math Curse is a picture book depicting math in real world situations. All

these real world situations or problems are depicted in a childs dialogue

and provides a funny and entertaining way for students to see and

understand math around them. The book allows the reader to think, solve

and check answers to all the problems in the book making it very

interactive for the reader.

Scieszka, J., Smith, L. (1995). Math curse. New York: Penguin Books.

created to help students understand real world word problems and

mathematical concepts. The book explains an easy approach to word

problems in an effective way. Using the step by step concept laid out in

the book allows a student learn techniques to solving word problems.

Wingard-Nelson, R. (2012). Math smarts! Problem solving and word problem smarts!.

Enslow Publishers, Inc.

Word Problems Made Easy is a book to help math students with an easy to

follow step by step illustration of how to successfully complete word

problems. It depicts and dissects word problems and what a student needs

to understand about the word problem to solve it easily. The book is

broken down by steps and provides a few examples at the end. It is a

great resource for the early math student.

Wingard-Nelson, R., (2005). Word problems made easy. Enslow Publishers, Inc.

Readability Analysis

Algebra and Geometry Anything but Square

100 word sample

Sentences Flesch-Kincaid grade level

Ive got a bad rep for being a complicated brain

acher. But given the chance, I can show you how

to use letters instead of numbers to think in a new

and exciting way.

Sometimes, you have an answer but dont know

the question. At these times, my letters stand in

for the numbers that you dont know. Say Tyson

is 4 years old and Rosie is 26. At what age will

Rosie be three times Tysons age? Well, in x years

from now, Tyson will be 4 + x and Rosie will be

26 + x. Written as an equation, she will be three

times older than he is when 3(4+ x) = 26 + x.

4.4

!

Well rounded and complete, I have it organized.

The full-fat digit with no messy fractions or

trailing decimal parts, I am your bona-fide whole

number.

Ive got my feet firmly on the ground, helping

you count real-life things stuff like ice-cream

cones, friends, and skateboards. Say when did

you last hear half a telephone or 4.3 trucks?

Exactly! You simply cant get enough of my

wholesome goodness. My pals and I go into

infinity, and some of us even claim to be perfect!

Oh yeah, a perfect number is very special indeed.

Its proper factors add up to its total.

5.9

!

The divisor, Im a mean, green, calculatin

machine. I blast a number into smaller, equal size

portions. Because there are often more than two

ways to divide a number like this, the bigger the

number, the more of me there are. For example,

the number 9 has three factors (1,3,and 9), while

32 has six factors (1,2,4,8, 16, and 32). Figuring

out factors of really big numbers is as easy as

nailing Jell-O to the wall. It takes some serious

number crunching. The best way to do it is to

split a number into its prime factors.

7.4

Reflection:

Algebra & Geometry Anything but Square

After reading this book and completing the Flesch-Kincaid readability statistics, I believe

that the grade level indicated above matches the grade level I would consider this book

for. 5.9 is right on track for a progressive fifth grader or early 6th grader. The vocabulary

in this book follows many of the Mathematics TEKS found in those grade levels and

would benefit a student in a middle school grade level with the math they are learning.

When I teach algebraic reasoning and the components to understanding the beginnings of

Algebra I would likely look to this book for a fun way to introduce or support the

vocabulary needed to learn and understand the concept.

Readability Analysis

Dr. Math gets you Ready for Algebra

100 word sample

Sentences Flesch-Kincaid grade level

As you learn about different sets of

numbers, it helps to think about when

certain groups are needed. When we

are simply counting, we use the natural

numbers, or counting numbers. Such

as 1, 2, 3, When we start

combining numbers by adding, the

natural numbers are still enough, but

we run into a little trouble when we

need to subtract. For example, if we

subtract 3-3, we need to have a zero.

When we have problems like 3-9, we

need to have negative whole numbers

in our collection. Integers are the set of

numbers that includes positive whole

numbers, negative whole numbers, and

zero.

8.7

!

Lets start with the greatest common

factor (GCF). The GCF of two (or

more) numbers is the product of all the

factors that the numbers have in

common. For example, to find the

greatest common factor of 32 and 76,

you would first express both as

products of their prime factors, then

look for factors common to both.

There are two 2s common to both

numbers, so is the greatest common

factor of 32 and 76.

Now lets find the least common

multiple (LCM). The LCM of two (or

more) numbers is the product of one

number times the factors of the other

number(s) that arent common to

both.

7.6

really work? The order of operations

for interpreting a mathematical

expression is called a convention. A

long time ago, people just decided that

this was the order in which operations

should be performed. It has nothing to

do with magic or logic.

Its like asking, Why is it that when I

use the word cow, people tend to think

of a beast in a field that moos and

gives milk? A long time ago,

someone decided to call that particular

type of beast a cow and now everyone

agrees on the use of this word.

8.0

Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 8.1

Reflection:

Dr. Math Gets You Ready for Algebra

After completing the Flesch-Kincaid readability statistics on this book I agree with the

findings. This book is a little too difficult for a 6th grader. The terms and explanations,

though helpful would benefit a more advanced student or a student completing TEKS in

the 8th grade curriculum. The book gives very thorough definitions of common algebraic

vocabulary. I would use parts of this book for further explanation or understanding of

vocabulary terms if other resources were not helping.

Readability Analysis

100 word sample

Math Curse

Sentences Flesch-Kincaid grade level

Fibonacci says, You know, you can

think of almost everything as a math

problem. On Tuesday I start having

problems. I wake up at 7:15. It takes

me 10 minutes to get dressed, 15

minutes to eat my breakfast, and 1

minute to brush y teeth. Suddenly, its

a problem. If my bus leaves at 8:00,

will I make it on time? How many

minutes in an hour? How many teeth

in 1 mouth? I look in my closet, and

the problems get worse. I have 1 white

shirt, 3 blue shirts, 3 striped shirts, and

that 1 ugly plaid shirt my Uncle Zeno

sent me.

10

wonder, how many quarts in a gallon?

How many pints in a quart? How

many inches in a foot? How many feet

in a yard? How many yards in a

neighborhood? How many inches in a

pint? How many feet in my shoes? I

dont even bother to take out the cereal.

I dont want to know how many flakes

in a bowl. Mrs. Fibonacci has

obviously put a math curse on me.

Everything I look at or think about has

become a math problem. I try to get on

the bus without thinking about

anything.

12

4.2

3.5

month everyones birthday is in.

Which month has the most birthdays?

Which month has the fewest? Why

doesnt February have a w? Dont you

think this chart looks sort of like a row

of buildings? Do you ever look at

clouds and think they look like

something else? What does this

inkblot look like to you? The whole

morning is one problem after another?

There are 24 kids in my class. I just

know someone is going to bring in

cupcakes to share. We sit in 4 rows

with 6 desks in each row.

11

2.7

Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 3.5

Reflection:

Math Curse

This book is a fun book reflecting of how many children start to look at math and real

world problems. After completing the Flesch-Kincaid readability level I agree that the

vocabulary and verbiage of the book is on a more elementary level; however I feel this

book would be good for even middle school ages because of its fun take on seeing math

in a real world concept. It could provide a good starting point for a discussion focusing

students on areas in their everyday life that they see, use, or can use math. It goes along

great with the TEKS for writing real world problems.

Readability Analysis

Math Smarts! Problem Solving and Word Problem Smarts!

100 word sample

Sentences Flesch-Kincaid grade level

Key words in a sentence tell you what

operation is being performed and

where the equal sign belongs. Equals

and is are key words for the equal sign.

Write a word sentence first. Choose

variables (letters) to stand for the

numbers you do not know. Use

symbols and operators for the key

words in the sentence. Replace each

word or phrase with a number,

variable, or symbol. Six plus a number

is eleven. A number minus 1 equals 4.

Word problems are not always written

in a sentence that can be changed

easily to an algebraic equation. Rewrite

the problem as a sentence that uses

words you can change to algebra.

10

the word mathematics, you would find

that it is the study of numbers,

quantities, and shapes and how they

relate to each other. Mathematics is

important to all world cultures,

including our world of work. The

following are just some of the ways in

which studying math will help you.

You will know how much money you

are spending.

You will know if the cashier has given

you the right amount of change.

You will know how to use

measurements to build things.

Your science classes will be easier and

more interesting.

5.6

5.8

solving process.

Step 1: understand the problem. Do

not try to solve a problem before you

understand what the problem is asking.

Read the problem carefully and decide

what you know and what you are

trying to find.

Step 2: make a plan. When you

understand the problem, the next step

is to make a plan for solving it.

Problems are solved in different ways.

Will it help you to draw a picture or

diagram? Is there so much data that

you need to make a table or list?

Step 3: solve the problem.

10

3.6

Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 5

Reflection:

Math Smarts! Problem Solving and Word

Problem Smarts!

After completing the Flesch-Kincaid readability analysis I agree with the average grade

level calculated. The terminology of this book and the definitions of the curriculum

vocabulary is on grade point for 5th grade. I would use this book to help teach word

problems and real world problems. The vocabulary in this book would be suitable for a

6th grade classroom.

Readability Analysis

Word Problems Made Easy

100 word sample

Sentences Flesch-Kincaid grade level

Math is all around, and an important

part of your life. You use math when

you are playing games, cooking food,

spending money, telling time, reading

music, or doing any other activity that

uses numbers. Even finding a

television station uses math!

Word problems are everywhere. Word

problems use every kind of math.

They help you use math to figure out

things in the real world. You probably

already know how to do the math; now

you just need to know how to use it.

Using this book. This book can be

used to learn or to review how to solve

word problems.

4.6

!

Word problems can be solved by

following four easy steps. Read the

problem. Read carefully. What do you

know? What do you need to find?

Make a plan. It is up to you to find the

best way to solve the problem. Some

problems will give you a plan, like

making a table, writing an equation, or

drawing a graph.

Solve the problem. It is time to do the

math. If you find that your plan is not

working, make a new plan.

Check your answer. Yay! You are

finished, right? Wrong! Always check

your answer. Make sure you have

answered the question right.

17

1.3

to solve a word problem, it might not

work. Keep trying! Look over your

work and see if you made a silly

mistake, like using the wrong numbers.

If you get stuck, try a different plan.

Be positive! You learn by making

mistakes. If you already know all the

answers, there is nothing to learn.

Remember, it feels great when you

finally get the solution!

Use your past! Some of the problems

look like ones youve seen before. Use

what you remember from other

problems to solve new ones.

Practice! The more you do anything,

the better you become at it.

14

3.0

Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 3.0

Reflection:

Word Problems Made Easy

After completing the Flesch-Kincaid readability analysis I agree with the average grade

level calculated. The vocabulary in this book was much easier than some of the others I

analyzed. This book, in terms of a 6th grade math class, would fit in well for students

with a lower reading fluency. It is easy to read and easy to comprehend. It is not

overloaded with technical terms and higher-level vocabulary. This book would serve well

in a middle school math class.

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