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IV.

1
Dark Matter

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100 kpc .

2  light-­‐year   .3 kpc 1pc  =  3.contains about 1011 stars spherical halo of dark matter globular clusters of 106 stars flattened bulb 6 kpc by 1 kpc disk: radius 12.5 kpc thickness 0.

M 2 dark matter galaxy M 1 1 M image of the galaxy .

Bullet cluster dark matter gravitational lens ordinary matter X ray .