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REVIEW MODULE

QUESTIONS: 25
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attempts
i

1.
Which one of the following statements concerning volcanic blocks
and bombs is true?
CORRECT ANSWER:
Blocks are ejected as solid fragments; bombs are ejected as magma
lumps.
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2.
What fate befell the “Lost City of Atlantis” mentioned in Plato's
writings?
CORRECT ANSWER:
It disappeared as part of caldera collapse following a major,
explosive, volcanic eruption.
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3.
Which one of the following statements concerning cinder cones
is false?
CORRECT ANSWER:
Cinders and other pyroclastic particles can be consolidated into
welded tuff.
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4.
What two gases are the most abundant gases emitted during
basaltic volcanism?
CORRECT ANSWER:
Water and carbon dioxide

see more 6. Which ocean basin is rimmed by the most subduction zones? CORRECT ANSWER: Pacific see more 9. To what is the geologically recent volcanic activity in Yellowstone National Park usually attributed? CORRECT ANSWER: Yellowstone volcanism is usually attributed to intraplate (meaning “within the plate”). Why would a plume of solid silicate rock rising slowly from deep in the mantle begin melting as it neared the base of the lithosphere? CORRECT ANSWER: Melting temperatures drop because the pressure is lowered. with a gently sloping mound composed mainly of lava flows? CORRECT ANSWER: Shield see more 8. hot spot volcanism. Which region has the greatest concentration of currently active volcanoes? CORRECT ANSWER: The circum-Pacific area or "Ring of Fire" see more 7.see more 5. see more . Which volcanoes are sometimes very large.

What volcanic events formed Crater Lake. see more 12. Oregon? When did they take place? CORRECT ANSWER: Caldera collapse followed by major ash and pyroclastic-flow eruptions. What is the most common volatile constituent in both magmas and volcanic gases? CORRECT ANSWER: Water see more . Which type of basaltic lava flow has a fairly smooth. unfragmented. Of the following choices. 7000 years ago. What type of magma is the most abundant at oceanic-spreading centers? CORRECT ANSWER: Basaltic see more 13. St. which best describes Mt. Helens? CORRECT ANSWER: An explosive stratovolcano see more 11.10. ropy surface? CORRECT ANSWER: Pahoehoe see more 14.

St. In 1980. Helens see more 17. Lassen. in 1915-16. What type of magma typically comprises stratovolcanoes? CORRECT ANSWER: Andesitic see more 16. Mars see more 20. see more 19. How do volcanic bombs originate? . CORRECT ANSWER: Mt. California. Which one of the following best describes volcanism of the Cascade Range in the northwestern United States? CORRECT ANSWER: The volcanism is related to plate subduction. Which of the following statements best describes the Hawaiian volcanoes? CORRECT ANSWER: The Hawaiian volcanoes are situated in the interior of a Pacific plate above a hot spot deep in the mantle. __________ was the first Cascade Range volcano to erupt since Mt. see more 18. What is the largest known volcano in the solar system? CORRECT ANSWER: Olympus Mons.15.

Martinique in 1902. Which kind of volcanism is typical of mid-oceanic ridge systems? CORRECT ANSWER: Submarine. angular blocks and rubble? CORRECT ANSWER: A'a see more 24. What type of volcanoes are Kilauea and Mauna Loa in Hawaii? CORRECT ANSWER: Basaltic shield volcanoes see more 25. basalt see more 22. andesite. __________ destroyed the city of St. Which one of the following shows the correct order from left to right of decreasing magmatic viscosity? CORRECT ANSWER: Rhyolite. CORRECT ANSWER: Nueé ardente . basaltic lava flows see more 23. Which type of basaltic lava flow has its surface covered with sharpedged.CORRECT ANSWER: As erupted magma blobs that partly congeal before falling to the ground see more 21. Pierre.

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