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the new concentrating

qa
mill jo
of the
silver king coalition mines company 0

aff arthur 0 gates
by
aji
theD AIS a 1king
silver 2111 coalition
0 mines company uat park wide diffusion of jo unobstructed daylight throughout the dill
city is
si now
mou rapidly completing the new concentrating m
aull ill l ill 1
plant su as compared with the ploold mills obstructed light
11 dif-
to replace the plo
ol biddi adz sum totally destroyed by dag
old Imill which was fire jfusion caused chiefly by large wooden posts and the rather
on january X 27 1921 inefficient dormer windows built into the sloping roof
this new mill presents no striking or 10 extremely novel qby utilizing simpler heavier PUE and more modern ma-
features inq but si dill embodiment jo
is urather the dill best practice
of the chinery the new mill
at mou lu will contain a plant capacity of jo
jo
of the park
dill cl jau city alsip pi su
district as gradually developed during tons per VZ24 hours uiin about ohe half dili douds jo
the floor space the
of dill
als years experience ui Ii ouvaq these ores how-
in treating lilu which had a capacity jo
older mill of about suoi per
tons jad tz
24
IDA advantage was taken of
ever jo the opportunity 01 to incorpor-
ate mechanical PUB and constructive features which were un-
known ao z
or unproved when the original mill sum was built
and 01to make LIMS
such changes in the flow pails
0 sz ui as experimental
sheet su
work carried 01 to completion
cuoz just previous
o cnota to
04 the fire had
uil p
oid
id
indicated as su improvingq operations
the new plant siis lithoroughly alq modernu designed for mol low z 4
operating PULI and low maintenance costs for economical IL extrac-
n
tion of
11 JO values PUL and JOS dill comfort4 and efficiency JO
for the of Mthe
fillmen
mill men
no0 bquestions
duons jo wereD seriously considered
of mill site mm
dmm in
UT

connection with this new
T
all plant the plo sum utilized
old site was fnan
short hauln 1I for
WMt1I
mo
it SUM
was close to 11the
31 mine involving a very
the mine cars which are loaded underground pui and hoisted
it was close to comp anys
dill companas
ol the sau vaerial tramway M tj 11
which ll car-
uI
Z Z
1

ried the companas
dill TOD sm elting ores and concentrates over
comp anys smelling
smelting
the mountain to dill railroad yards
01 the sp JO
of park11 ICID
city and which
carries
uz and supplies there
back coal pule dada siis a plentiful supply
jo water available and the
of ou hillside gave
sloping
dill idols ill ej
02 DA the fallIT
1

jo pue
and the disposal of 00
viem JO the 4silver kins tion abines
condition nev
considered
03 PD necessary X for mills of this type lill iii
lillini
jo
of tailings is PAOld
si adequately provided PD for 1

hours l
I aunder distances a
C re
D shorter pill
and 1there sr
is more
IOUI
and concrete construction throughout
steel pul room boj the handling jo
for dill repairs
of dai saiu

the mou building si
new of steel and concrete
is jo oid construc- JO handling
character of ores and methods of au
tion throughout with galvanized corrugated roofing andp
P
sides dill
the walls and floors sio being jo
of r
I einforced concrete
antion gal
the of this property come from limestone beds
ores jo
and presents a10 IDA veryX attractive appearance
cadu
aadu ua the
dili ore
dio bins S park city formation I the dill gangue
1
0 material being Is i z
are jo
DIU of heavy reinforced concrete construction JO of very largen ous of
JO various percentages haq of silica during
jo
capacityX su
oudho as required for their conditions the general
dili muda lu 4type
X dd 1920 about pl bog tons of jo nj as class ore
first was produced
aio sum
pu sum
was sold for approxi-
jo
of this construction st is shown ui in the illustrations all con- 0i which
AA went
judak direct to
01 the
dill smelter a
0 nd
jo
crete walls have been brush coated with cement do uDL it m which mately ui
in the
dill same period about tons of
the produce about tons
suoi jo
of
out boj
formtu irregularities pup and greatly improves dill second class ore was milled to
01
the
dili
appearance jo sial
of this work the rock and sand boj
for concrete
boo iz concentrates which sold for approximately gg
came the mine the sand being unearly
lue from dill dind silica com
alm pure ratio of concentrationfotiu has been u about 55 tool one
mg from a fracture zone and DaDs paua before using
screened of dill plods class ao
the second or milling ores about two thirds
good numer-
tunU paull
third carbonate the ores are
aiu papos
sorted
the lighting of the
jo dill plant i
t s
S particularly
the
dili daylight
I
are
iu sulphide and one
duo
crushing the
0 section of dill
0ous windows being well ld PL
placed for getting IQ

duo who has been ut in the
underground and again Q
in the coarse
jo ore and
C

of waste
to where it can
01 uv be best utilized one bilm
mill where D the
dill large pieces of first
hilj class JO
in
plo
lder I

az woodenu mills of district including dill
thea sip
jo ill the mill axe picked from
are penoid the
ill conveying G belt
it
II ilai
will be noted ui
are
aich bui red down on this property will appreciate the
dill dill flow sheet
the that the
dill sulphide
ns and carbonate ores
ua id
coarse and dug
fine bins it
41 is neces-
kept separate ut
in both the
dill
mining ao U jaaj engineer S salt lake city butali el
I1

thein separately to obtain best results it
sary to treat them ore and as this is fairly self explanatory detailed explana-
is the practice to run as long- as possible on one of these tion of the various steps in the process is hardly necessary
classes of ore until the supply in the mill is exhausted some points however in connection with the flow sheet
then clean up and start in on the other class it is because may be of interest
of this condition that the bin capacity must be so large the under the fine ore bins are steel chutes leading to the
18 in belt feeders the chutes open the bottom of the bin
combined capacity of the coarse and fine 0ore bins being in
the neighborhood of tons nearly ten days supply almost the full length of the feeder in order that the full
in the changes from one class of ore to the other the jigs weight of the ore over the long slot may be taken from
are practically unaffected whereas it is necessary to make
inake the belt of the feeder there is a slot in the side of the chute
through which may be inserted of in timber con-
various adjustments on the tables
comp anys annual report given later
in a portion of the companas tinuously or in part so that the belt is relieved from weight

mainc ORE 5 26 CA
1526
15 IM THAIN
1

2
S L pa NATE COARSE OME BINS
1
2
ilar
ILA r

CARN
n T 5
1

C FEEDERS 2
18

arave
M ILL r 1I ER TANKS

A
2- 810
ft SO r
I1

IL A

CRUSHER

3 spir classifier
CHIP

2 aps aws
deft
CARS sip
ALL
14 LF EY L
hummelt 2 2 2 9
SC 4
2 comply 2 2 2 0
3

JIGS
ac J
13
1 ar

0
V
W
CALLOW
VI it
2 0
1620
16 20
on G

ka
JIG

4 J
W
2 C SKIP
48 MARCY
J V
MILL N a
ROLLE R 0 iff
bar MILL 00 00

FOR
flow r ton CONCEN ara rap
TOC MIN INC RV
SILVER KING COALITION MINES COMPANY
ry ciry
CI urah
U rah I1

of
and wear but the feed may be taken fro m any
from portion
in the article it will be noted that the extraction from the that some
carbonate ores is considerably lower than that from the probable
the bin along the feeder slot it improbable
is pr
wear byy
sulphides
sulp hides from the flow will be noted the carbon- saving in power is affected along with the saving in
ates do not go to flotation much of the silver in these ores this arrangement coarse and
a
1

both
the large number of feeder openings openingss is such
in
being in the form 0of chlorides and so far no commercial s I1

method has been found for floating these carbonate ores fine ore bins and the arrangement of these
emptied with very little and
band labor
that the bins can be ad 01 a
of
some of the flow sheet features explained the decision to use a gyratory crusher instead
enste
bondt
desired con
the flow sheet accompanying this article shows the blake was made upon the basis off certain desired was found
to
eions which were laid down to begin with an
aal it
various machines and their part in the beneficiation of the
that the gyratory gave
g ave the greater capacity of a given have side discharge the balance will discharge through the
product than the blake which could crush down to the hutch they will be in groups of two handling the same
small size to which it was desired to go in this first crushi- product except that there will be a group of four treating
ng operation the finest jig feed from the cone shown on flow sheet
A merrick conveyor is attached to the belt the speeds strokes and jig screen sizes as used in the old
which conveys the ore from the fine ore bins to the first plant will be closely followed which were as follows
sizing screen the weight is recorded upon a dial similar
no R P M stroke screen
to a gas meter from which it is entered upon the records at
stated intervals part of the belt conveyor two or three
2
2 W1 va
ya
H
3 mesh
4
2
rolls is carried by the platform of the scale a pulley in 2
W
Y
y
5
6
4 ya
contact with the belt gives the necessary rotation to the 6

mechanism a small flat belt driven from the above asin mill is sectionalized horizontally
contact with rollers placed in the periphery of a disc
one feature of park city practice deserves comment
and that is the use of jig tailing bins which provide storage
and control of feed to the re grinding machines it might
be noted here that this mill is sectionalized horizontally
that is there is a coarse crushing unit with bins following
a roll and jig section with bins following and a regrind
and table section with auxiliary flotation for part of the
ores in a mill of this size there would be little advantage
of two or more sections vertically sectionalized the
advantage of being able to shut down to half capacity
would be offset by the greater number of concentrating
tables and other units required to give the treatment on
closely sized products with the bin arrangement it is
possible to operate any horizontal section during tempor-
ary shutdown of other sections at full capacity and at max-
imum efficiency it is expected that the roll and jig section
will be augmented by an additional set of rolls in parallel
with the other set only one to be used at a time
the drag classifier or replaces the old pad-
eln forced steel ore
reinforced coarse fine and jig tuning
tailing bins
binm also dle wheel dewater ers which were satisfactory in the older
skeleton of
and smaller mill this drag is of the familiar type with
when there is no load to deflect the scale beam the belt
on these rollers does not move the disc but as soon as load
comes to deflect the scale beam the disc is deflected and
the movement of the belt on the rollers rotates the disc and
the amount of rotation translated into tons is what the
disc records on the dial

crushing and jigging features is
3
the allis chalmers rolls are very massive in appear-
ance with long bearing surfaces and large lubricating pock-
ets the full mill capacity demands of these rolls between
fifteen and thirty tons per hour depending upon how much
of the crushed product passes the 7 16 in screen and how
much is circulated as oversize from the same screen the
adl
theoretical capacity of these rolls crushing to 12 ls in is about
tons per hour at 67 r p m at which it runs it was
decided to use larger rolls than might be considered feces 41
ry to keep down the cost of steel and the delays incident
sary
other repairs this is in keeping with
to changes of steel and othey I1

the general practice of the larger milling plants ore dins before pouring concrete
in
following the rolls with their 7 16 in screen and just
before jigging the ore is sampled for the head sample this intervals to belt it will have larger
is the logical place for sampling when the material is at its angle iron bolted at and overflow than
capacity both in de watered jig tailings
smallest size before any separations of mineral from gangue
are made for the smallest reliable sample can be taken at the older machine
classifiers are of the familiar spitz kasten
thiss point the hydraulic
hydraulic discharge boxes developed by
the screen which had been standard at park type with special length of pipe from
the silver king operators A short
city
ity for years have been discarded in favor of the in inclined box carries at its lower end the
the bottom of the wood
vibratory screens which have become popular in the last woodd spigot surrounding it is a cast iron box into
lew years the hummer type was adopted in which the
few usual wo introduced this water goes
which the hydraulic water is
reen cloth is vibrated back and forth by means of an
screen neck of the classifier through a small nozzle
alternating current magnet into the pipe or an angle of
placed tangentially and pointed upward
upwards s at
the jigs are of the I1 hartz
bartz type and will be built along t he effect of the swirl is very evident
the lines of the jigs formerly used which were satisfactory about 15 degrees above it is through this rising
will on the surface of the water
n jigs are to
have two compartments the first pair
swirl that the coarser particles fall the screen analyses be made in this department in only treating those slimes
of products from a six compartment classifier used in the from sulphide ore which cannot easily be caught upon the
test work in the old mill indicate the good character of tables A callow rougher cell cellaa callow cleaner cell with
its work the auxiliary apparatus for thickening and circulating fi-
ltering and loading the concentrate and pilot table to ind-
SCREEN ANALYSIS OF classifier PRODUCTS
icate the character of the work being done together with a
spigot no 1 2 3 4 5 6
small grinding mill to reduce the plus 60 mesh table
plus 20 mesh 45 10 01
plus
b to flotation sizes these constitute the contemplated
60 mesh 65 08 01
plus mesh 979 64
plus mesh 33 flotation unit it will not be installed until the balance
minus mesh 15 40 90 of the mill is in operation
callow gravelin
traveling belt screens which were found satis- the distribution of the recoveries in the mill is interest-
1

factory in the old mill will be used with the closed circuit anol the following
ing t being based upon the test test results ob-
in connection with the re grinding mills they give efficient tained in the old mill i out of tons of mill feed of su-
separation of the oversize from the undersize in the sizes lphide ores 56 tons plus 20 minus 7 16 in goes to the jigs
and capacities required in these operations from which tons of concentrates are produced leav
into tons to go into the jig tail bins to be reground 35
table work and fine grinding tons of minus 20 plus go to the sand jigs most of which
goes on to the classifiers after removing concentrates and
about the only feature in connection with the table 93 tons of coarse material which is added to the feed of
work which mi might
6 ht call for comment is the elimination of the re 6grinding mills the 9 tons of minus called
classifiers between groups of tables for division of the first 1
slime is augmented by 58 tons of slime from the fine
table 6 into sizes for now the grindingb mills making a total of tons of slime to be
from two tables which have the same feed go to a third treated the table concentrates amount to 50 tons and
table which retreats these platoo and wilfleyy
plat the slime concentrates to 35 tons the total concentrates
tables are used the flow sheet shows a small group of tons per
tables the use for which i s not exactly determined but
which will be used either with those grouped from a given milling operations analyzed
spigot
b or for other purposes as the operator finds advantag- in connection with the 1920 annual report of the silver
eous the pilot table shown has no function as a gravity king coalition mines company the following rather inter-
concentrator other than to indicate or rough assay the esting6 figures on milling costs are taken from the report of
character of the work on the flotation machines it is not forrest mathez superintendent to the general manager
forrest
expected to make a saving
two types of fine grinding machines have been in- MILT OPERATING COSTS
stalled for preparing the jig tailings for treatment upon
the tables and flotation apparatus the company expects tons tons cone total cost
milled produced cost per ton
to make comparative tests upon theme these two machines cost
per ton of ore ground and character of the product slime la 5
13
etc being the most important considerations on ac- MILL RECOVERY TONS MILLED
count of the competitive nature of these tests it is not de-
sirable to discuss the machines their similarities and dif- tons milled
m billed CONTENTS I1 tons I11 CONTENTS
oz ag lbs ab conces oz ag lbs
I1
I1 I1 I1 I
1
ab
FI
feren ces etc at this time but to leave that for future pub-
ferences sulphide 1
4 3 8 65
lication
li carbonates 1
1

the writer of this article who is somewhat known in total 1 1 1 11

connection with a method of crushing analysis which has ratio ag fb
been used by a number of operators rather hesitates to concentration saving saving
pass the subject of these tests without comment these tests suph de to 1 7 6 8 cl0
carbonate
average to 1 5 53 clo 60
7 09 clo
are to determine which of two machines is most applicable to 1 6 81 clo

to the conditions which will prevail in the silver king
mill and which my ma or may not be applicable to other the above figures are based upon actual concentrates
milling
milli ncr conditions there is the matter of capacity of shipped to the smelter in 1920 in addition to the conce-
water of the screen analysis of feed and discharge of the ntrates shipped to the smelter amedd I inep ro duct was made 1

undersize in the oversize of the circulating feed of the which was afterward marketed this had the effect of in
toughness or hardness of the ore and the capacity at max- creasing the extraction upon the sulphide ore to about 81
imum efficiency of the combined mill and auxiliaries upon
icum per cent
those particular ores it should be further noted in connection with the above
in connection with the fine grinding machines space figures that the daily run of the old mill was about 70 tons
has been provided for additional machines as well as ad- per day which in a mill capable of handling tons per
dit
ditional
ional sizing or classifying apparatus in the event of fu- day has the effect of increasing the cost per ton by putting
ture developments either in the mine or in the art of con- overheads upon a much smaller tonnage in addition there
centration or flotation p P articularly making it advantageous was the additional expense involved in starting up clean-
to completely or partially slime the ore it seems hardly ing tip
up etc all of which kept costs up shortage of na ine
mine
possible that any scheme of fine grinding with flotation is millea
and mill labor was the reason for the small tonnage milled
going to do better work upon the coarse grains of mineral this new mill will have about h p of motors con-
which are now saved in jigs in any event the increased nected of which the four large motors on the rolls crusher
and fine grinding mills are of the wound motor type for toa
use of fine grinding machines all through the mining in-
dustry may show a way whereby better results may be ob- ease in starting without the use of friction clutches on the
tained through additional grinding basis that a single fine grinding mill will be in operation at
a time and allowing for margins of safety on some of the
flotation plant simple distribution of recoveries motors the power requirement appears to be about one halt half
the flotation plant will be comparatively simple as it horse power per daily ton this is small compared with
horsepower
is expected that not over 10 per centon
cent of the extraction will some mills but it should be noted that those high power
mills do very fine bgrinding whereas in this plant there is
tl necessary
little fine grinding

equipment for this plant has been furnished as follows
crusher and rolls allis chalmers mag mfg co ball mill
hardingb company marcy roller mill and wilfley
r

the hardin
tables mine smelter supply company hummer
screens S tyler company diester plato
plat o tables
stimson equipment co callow screens galigher ma
chinery company callow flotation cells general engi-
neering company steel building J J burke co eng-
ineers and the kansas city structural steel company
gi
concrete ore bins designed by J J burke co and
erected b y company

the organization of the silver king coalition mines
company responsible for this undertaking consists of mine
manager M J dailey general superintendent forrest
mathez mill foreman J A tallon together with M G
heitzman engineer of erection and H K webb designi-
ng engineer recently added to the staff
W mont ferry vice president and managing director
and F J westcott secretary naturally have been in close
touch with all of these operations