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I 1

MIL

MILLING

L I

1

N G

before

taking

up

the

present

millins

at the silver king coalitionaltion Co a brief

in the park

practice

and

city

two

general reresumesunie of milling

district has a pace

there have been

in the main

types of ore at park city

and both of these types are d disable into

smeltingsmellingsmelting

milling

and

class

carrying a fair amount

in

ores

one

are the siversilver ores

of gold but not very high in the bases

such

as those of the american flag and ontario

in the other class may be placed the silver

lead ores which also carry some ssilverlver and

gold

enough in smelt ng grades

to

mane

them bonanzas

it

is

this latter class

of

ore

that

with

some

var actions

the

daly

judge daly west and silver king coalition

are treating the first class ore is ma aly a combinat- ion of the sulphidessulp hides of lead copper and

iron with high silver value the silver lying

in the galena and pyrite

associatedAssociate a with

the sulphidessulp hides

there may be large amountsaini

of oxidized material

the

milling

ore

is

made up of the sulphidessulp hidesdes

anc

in a quartz gangue and may contain oxidized material also at first the idea was

of lead

iron ana

to save the galena and pyrite and incident-

ally any copper sulphidessulphides in the shape

of

or tetrahedri te

and to reject

as much of the

possible

the zinc

silica as

today an attempt is made to save

w th

the

early

first

methods at

mills

park

city

the

erected

park

at

city

depended on regulation methods for getting

the silver of the oxidized ores

these were

followed by the comb nation chemical

and

physical methods ern

and later caime the mod-

mod-

the first mill built

era wet concentration

was the marsac ped with twenty

henry

in

1874

which was

and

equip-

on

of

mc-

stamps

worked

flagstaff ore two

the same size

other

stamp

mills

size were soon

ontario

erected for somewhat

the

and the

later

alla

ore

three

mills

were

at

work

on antar 0

the ontario mill

was enlarged in 1877

a

process

involving

and was equipped

dry crushing

for

chloria zing roasting and pan

on

a process more or leless

ss com-

mon non

is

at that time

to

theibe machinery for which

early

the marsac mill was enlarged and

familiar

tes

fillmenmillmen

in

the

ligheighties

devotedevoked thehe well

to custom ores

it was

here that

known russell lixia aaion process

ores

was

developed

the

pres

at developing new methods for

the camp

are

been

done

interesting in

inin

the

past

foror saver

apts

antit attempts

fliee silver

beof

developeddeveo Ped

from

born 1878

ores of

whatat has

meanwhile the mckimmakr m concentrator was

and

patented

to

1880

making

makin

in

1876

and

ran

the first real at

concentration

in

1886 a num

vanners banners

Huntingtons

rolls

tempt at wett

ber r of frue

AT

THE

by L

0

HOWARD

M

E

SILVER

KING

rock crushers

the

and

screens

giving it

were

a

put

into

ca-

huntington

cassi

c

classifiersassifiers

ley slimers

abandoned

covery

mills

ten

wilfley

an

the

tables

two

crescent

in

mill

ton

five frue

and four wiltwilfI 1

pacity

1889

the

unonunion plant was bu it

similar

capacty

capacity

and the union

in empire canyon

with a

boutwell

wood- ture of this

describes

old mill

he

says

interesting

fea-

the mayflower plant followed this in

side gulch

gave

ores

success

resulting

plants

ties

treating

15 ore

has since been

method

of

re-

forcing them

pressure

from

required

a r

press

up custom work to treat the anchor

with

the

these

larger

concentration

mills

companies

put

up

from the

slimes is

by

through a filter

compressed

air

includes almes

sl

receivers

slime

mer

under high

the

machinery

mes settlers

air

slimes recerecoverscevers re vers

a

slime

the daly west in the middle nine-

and the S iver

compressor

the daly judge in 1902

the one now

cake cutter

the

belt conveyor and cum-

slimes

which

carry

further

suf-

treat

king plant

fore

have

this

went into commissioncommiss on be-

several other

plants

that time

but since

treating

silver

drier

the daly judge

been built since

plant is

ficient materialma teral

to warrant

ment are first passed through a seres of s x

the settlings are

V shaped settling tanks

king ores I

1

other plants

will not attempt to consider the

at

th s

time

then drawn off and elevated to a stock tank

whence they are released to charge two re-

ceivers of 2500

gallons

capacity

thence

the settlings are driven by compressed

air

into three filter presses one of 1400 pounds

capacity the others of 2000 pounds ca

pacpa c ty after being subjected to high pres-

sure

veyor

the slimes are dumped on a belt con-

transported

to a chopping machine

thoroughly chopped and then subjected to a

high heat

they were then sampled

1 A

r- m I

1

h

al

the silver king sampler

higger S

original

in june

1901

equipped

with

a

silver

king

the

silver

mill

K ng mill

ton

sampler

and

was

an

aaraerialal tramiram leading to a load ng station

at

park city

the sampler and tram will be

described later the mill where the second class ore was

treated

contained at th s early date equip-

ment which made it one of the most mod-

ern concentrators

of the

time

the plant

bubuiltlt in two

antsair ts and

the

part of

plant

a blake crusher

was

so

a

operated

in

today

early

tained

more

each unit

rolls

automaticautomatc

sampler

nine jigs dewater

ers

it

i

1

4

con-

two

four

two

I 1

samplingng

silver

king

ore

have mentmentionedboned

in the description

of

mining practice at theithe silver king the fact that first and second class ore was kept sep- arate the first class ore is hauled a short distance from the king shaft in a covered

shed

by a motor

similar to the ones used

under undergroundround

to the sampler

this sampler

one which

would

do

credit to of the

one

an

s

date custom plant

and is

up to

best I

1

have ever seen in service at any m ne

the

ore isis dumped

at the

top

of the pant into

four

ton bins

whence it is taken by belt

conveyor to a grizzly

the overs ze of which

s crushed in a comet crusher

to

I

1

inch

it then

fals to

the first of five elevators

set side by side on a floor below the cricrusherisher

this elevator fats the crushed ore

to

the

first ffourour vezin samplers

set side

by side

two

floors above

onoil the floor below

is

a

battery

of three

sets

of rolls

the reject

from the first sampler

second

the

the reject from

goes

to

as well as that from

while

conveyed

no

2 elevator

two are

the last

by belt to this same elevator

cent

twenty per

taken

the sample falls re elevated and

cuts

and

are

to the rolls below is crushed

sampled

tilethe cut falling

set

of rolls

and

so

on

back

to

through

the

next

the seresser es

of rolls and samplers

the last cut

0 o ng

to

crushing and

which cut four times

a coffee

mill

mm

done

further

by the

sampling

being

earnilfamilarar hand methods

professional

Profess

fonal paper 77

survey

VU

S

geological

the rejects from the various samplings

delivering

to three bins which feed the buckets of the

aerial tramway and are delivered at the

railroad

away

are elevated to a rotating spout

tracks at park

acty

the cost of sampling is

feet

cents

per ton of ore and concentrates sampled

in

this plant

is

a concentrate

sampler

also the concentrates come from the level

below the jig floor of the mill and are

crammed

to

the

sampler

in

one ton

cars

there they are elevated to a short conveyor discharging on an apron about which

travels in a vertical plane an endless chain carrying two buckets which take a sample

as they pass under the apron and turn to go across the apron above

as they discharge

to

chute

which

delivers

sampling the concen-

a

to

a

plate on the same floor

trates are further hand

where

sampled

the re-

jects fall to bins below and are sent to park city over the tram

the sampler is

operated

by

six

menmeir

power

motor

counters are belted for the machines the arrangement of machines of the same type

is

furnished

a

by

75 horsepower

from

which

a

shaft

driving

line

on the same floor facilitating the drive

the

sampling

the aerial

tramway

crude

ore

and concentrates

after

are

sent to the railroad at park

city

long

over an aerial tramway

this

tramway

has

solved

feet

the entire

transportation

problem as all

supplies

sent to

the

mine over it

also

it

is

are

of

the leschen patent automatic type and is supported on thirty nine steel towers 13

to

85 feet

capacity of

high

eighty buckets

pounds of ore or

of coal

are fastened at intervals of

with

a

pounds

feet

ibyby permanentperm ament

lugs

6 strand

19 wire

the running cable

langlaylang lay

78 in

in

is

di-

ameter and of roebling make

extra strong

cast steel the leschen track cables fur- nished with the original equipment are still

in use

ameter

they are

inch

and 1 inch

on the

loaded

and

unloaded

in di-

side

respectively

the total fall from mine to

1050 feet

and the

lower term- operatesoperates

with

inal is

by gravity

tram

generating 17 horsepower

no return load

one man loads the buckets

at the upper terminal and the buckets dump

automatically at

paricity

park

city

tramway oper-

ation during the last fiscal year cost 64

cents

per ton

of

ore

shipped both crude

ore

and

loaded on railroadralra road

shipped

and

concentrates

are

and

concentrates

city

cars at park

in

to the smeltersshelterssmelters

the salt lake

valley

As

will

the silver

be

king

mill illustrato ons

seen from the

both the mill and the

sampler are of the

extreme hillside type the second class ore

motor

being

is brought

that hauls the first class ore

to

the mill

by the

same

the mill

located further along the irhi 11 ll from the shaft

than the

sampler

the

ore

now

being

is sometimes a lead carbonate carry-

in a quartz gangue

ore

at other times

the flow sheet

so that

a

little

treated

ining silver

is

gives the

I

1

a diluted sulphide

shall

details of

confine

the treatment

to

giving

myself

further detal on certainbertan parts of the pro-

cess

up to

a month or two

ago

the ore was

taken from the

cars

weighed

crusher

the

inal mill is

receiving

bins

in

one ton

a gates

and

dumped

to

similarity of this to the orig-

the gates took the

apparent

place

ore

of one of the blakes

and the crushed

belt to the

was as conveyed

by a short

bins above the

the

gates

 

line

now

does

all

the

crushing

and

in additonaddiaaddit on

three men at the belt sort

out waste and crystallized galena which they

throw behind them into different cars

the

first class thus

sorted is

weighed

and eeele-

vated to the haulage level above and taken

A

N

the silver king mill

while the waste is elevated

to the same point and crammed to the millmil

dump

the conveyor belt is too

far below the

bin gates to

movable

fists of

allow the ore to

mounted

driving

on

fall on

a truck

it

A

con

feeder

a motor

through

suitable

parallel

gears to the belt travel

a

set with its axis

the ore falls on the out-

side

of the

and iss carried away

bin to an apron which dischargesd

from the

on the belt

coarse

concentration

the crushed

ore from the

bins is

fed to

two tron unel lines

consisting of six

each

the oversize from

the first

is

crushed in rolls and both undersize and

crushed product elevated to

the second tro mimel is also

the line again

a reject

four remain-

hartz

the oversoverseeszes

go

from the

ing

to

2 compartment

ggs

as shown in

nowflow

those treattreatingng the first

two

of

sizes

which

alone

make a coarse concentrate which is drawn

all

off the

make

hutch

sets of

screen

products

jigs areara

reground

is

fed

tails from the first three

de watered in a paddle wheel andan d

in traylor rolls

one

roll

of

which

across the f

faceace of thebhe other for a d istancedistance

of

one half

inch

these

rolls

are

set

to

and replace the 5 fact hunt-

was operated withivah a 6

they

crush to 2 mm

ington amill

mesh screen until a short time ago

which

will crush

tons of 12 inch undersize in

eight hours

the tails from the jigs treat-

ing the last oversize

and the heavier por

of the

last

undersize

are

sized

oil

on

a

12 mesh

single

sl

callow

screen

which

also

receives the heavier portion of the overflow

wheel after it has

from the wateringde

passed over a chip screen and through an

8 foot callow cone

LF

L

F

V

01

photo by will C higgins

table concentration

the reground pass through

a

2

i

y

g tails

are all

made

to

mm callow screen

and

the material remaining on a 12 mesh screen

is roughed on a garfield table which rejects

tailings

so called ceived

and

passes

the

to

also

the

rre-

e

tailing

12

elevator

which

from

30 imesch

Wilfleys and the

which

the

the

treat the

stuff

from the wilfley treating the second

size from the V classifiers

and

the

retreat the

from the Wilfleys

from the

which

remaining primary wilfwil

leys

in

the fine jigfig

a

are classified

tails

30 mesh

V classifier which feeds nine Wilf leys

the first four of which make finished conce-

ntrates and tatakingslings

the

n

from all

but the second group of three going to an-

other set

ment

of V tanks

in the

slime

depart-

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ILLS

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FLOW SHEET

L VER KI NG

COA L

COAL

ithon MINESMIES CO

cp

diey

cn

Y

J

8

the untreated

classifier or settler

is thickened

the

poypopa

y Cacty

utah

L

t

6

h

fine material

below the overflow

from

to

coln

going

the

line

the

slime V tanks and the coarse material feed-

ing two Wilfleys which make a concentrate

and

fier

have

which go to the slime classi-

all

gone

of

to

the

the

coarse

talltail

elevator

are

which

again

screened and coarse material is treated on

another hartz jig whose tails go directly to

a wilfley

table for

the

30

bieshesh material is thickened and

three

re treatment of

passed over

in series which continue the

YV

ot

18 igi

93 3

which have gone to

the finer the second

V tank are treated on five wil

wh ch make finished tails and concen-

send their

hackback to the

fleysaleys

trates and

tailings

elevator from which point they are

treated further

all the

mill

are

slime treatment

slimes from various parts of the

deck

treated on wilfley m

multiple

of which there are two inill op-

the last spigots of the

the other treating

the

and other slimes

slime tables

erationeration

one treating

V classifier

second

from the first

as shown

onoll the flow sheet

a

ec

C

V a cacno

V

e we

P

r 0 1 er

wd

e

Y

ts

S

er

e r

15

handling

concentrates are settled in

all the table

boxes

at the

ends of the tables

the over-

the

e going to the second V tank

flow water

concentrates aarere shoveled to cars and tram

med to a drying plate

when dry they are

shoveled into cars and crammed to a

an ele- one

com-

again

screw

conveyorconveysr which

turn

delivers

to

vator which in

delivers

to

partmentpartment of a bin under the jig floor

the

jig I

1

box

whence

concentrates drag lifts

a

are

sluiced

them out

to

a

allows

to drain somewhat anidand delivers to one

themthelm

of

the other two compartments of the bin

below

the

floor

one

of the compartments

draining

while

the

other

is

filling

the

overflow from the drag is settled

tlings returning to the drag and the over-

the set-

flow going on to the slime plant

the

from

concentrates

these

ansb ns

are

a