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Terms of Reference 1

(Analytical Studies Component)


1.
Introduction. Lack of domestic generation remains the key challenge for energy
security in Afghanistan.2 Afghanistans 30% electrification rate ranks it in the lowest 5% in per
capita energy consumption globally. Of the 519 MW available installed capacity, 51% is thermal
(diesel and furnace oil) with a generation cost of $0.25$0.35 per kilowatt-hour, nearly four to
five times cost of imported power. The remaining 49% (254 MW) is from hydropower, which is
seasonal and has a capacity factor of less than 40%. Over 80% of the countrys total power
supply is imported, and as of November 2015, signed Power Purchase and Sales Agreements
total 1,250 MW (150 MW from Iran, 300 MW each from Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and
Tajikistan, with Turkmen import expandable to 500 MW). However, Afghanistans power system
is not synchronized (in phase angles and frequency) with any of the four countries that it imports
from, and is split into 10 power islandsincreasing costs and reducing reliability of supply. Also,
the lack of transmission and distribution infrastructure suppresses available latent demand of
nearly 2,500 MW.
2.
The Governments National Energy Supply Program 2013 (NESP) aims to (i) increase
the electrification rate from 30% to 83%, (ii) increase domestic generation from 20% to around
100% of the countrys energy mix, and (iii) strengthen power exchange and trade options by
2030. However, grant funding from development partners remain the major source of NESP
financing because of limited government finances, bleak private investment outlook, and
directives from the International Monetary Fund to the government against borrowing.
3.
In December 2015 the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved the Grant 0464/0465AFG: Multitranche Financing Facility Energy Supply Improvement Investment Program Project 1 for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (Afghanistan). The executing agency (EA) is
Da Afghanistan Bershna Sherkat (DABS) Afghan Power Utility supported by the Ministry of
Energy and Water (hereafter will be called Client). One important component under G0464/0465 is the consultancy package for undertaking Analytical Studies for development of
energy sector in Afghanistan. These Analytical Studies would act as a decision tool for
Government of Afghanistan and its energy policy makers, as well as other stakeholders
including development partners to facilitate the way forward in strengthening energy security
and energy infrastructure for Afghanistan. The indicative list of such Analytical Studies
/subprojects is presented below. It may be noted that the list has been prepared based on the
current available information and priorities of the Client. The projects scope may change before
commencement of the consulting services and/or during the duration of the services based on
development needs of Afghanistan and coordination with other development partners. The
Report and Recommendation of the President to the Board of Directors (RRP) of the captioned
MFF can be downloaded from (http://www.adb.org/projects/47282-003/main). Some information
like Procurement Plan is updated regularly.
Table 1
Indicative Projects

Power Synchronization
Study
1

Brief Description

Afghanistan is surrounded by four electrical systems operating


asynchronously but feeding parts of the Afghanistan network, comprising (i)

More detailed and elaborative terms of reference will be formulated and issued in the Request for Proposal (RFP)
document for the shortlisted firms.
The absence of a water treaty with neighboring countries impedes the development of indigenous hydropower,
while the refusal by mining investors to meet their contractual obligations is stalling coal or gas-to-power projects.

19 June 2016

Summary Scope of Works

Turkmenistan network and Iran network (operating synchronously), (ii)


Uzbekistan network operating synchronously with Central Asia Power
System Central Asia Power System (CAPS), (iii) Tajikistan network
operating isolated from CAPS, and (iv) Pakistan network. Due to the
asynchronous operation of the surrounding networks, connection of these
along with the Afghan network is not possible. Even local generation in
Afghanistan is currently operating without connection to a neighboring
network. A comprehensive study for establishing a regionally integrated and
unified Afghanistan power system with realistic recommendations with cost
and timelines, action-plan and the way forward for Afghanistan needs to be
prepared. The work will also examine legal, regulatory and institutional
conditions and the barriers to a regional energy exchange market.
National Grid Expansion
Study

The study will complement the power synchronization subproject above and
recommend least cost expansion solution for a unified power grid in
Afghanistan, expansion roadmap, indigenous generation solutions and
consequent strengthening of national grid, development of a grid code, and
the financing requirements with implementation timelines. The study would
also look into optimum domestic generation plan vis grid stability and
expansion.

Afghanistans Domestic
Power Generation Study
(Geothermal, Coal to
Power, and Solid
Municipal Waste to
Power, and Agriculture
Waste to Power)

One of the energy sectors mandates in Afghanistan is to establish


environmentally sound and sustainable systems of energy production,
procurement, transportation, distribution and end-use. The Government of
Afghanistan envisages increasing access to electricity and diversifying
energy sources and is, thus, putting huge efforts into the diversification of
energy sources in line with this diverse development of the country. The study
will explore energy generation potential in Afghanistan through geothermal power,
coal, municipal waste and agri-waste generation. The study will look into earlier
works, and a review of the political, legal, and regulatory context for resource

development; and a probability oriented economic and financial prefeasibility


analysis. The study will would include exploratory drilling and address overall
feasibility, are not included in this operation and can go forward only if
recommended by the prefeasibility studies. If so recommended, they would
be executed under public, private or public-private initiative.
Afghanistan Energy
Sector Masterplan

The government has recently prepared Afghanistan Power Masterplan


(2012-2032) and Afghanistan Gas Development Masterplan (2015-2035).
Both studies are interrelated and complementary. The Government wishes
to update and to consolidate these 2 masterplans into an Energy Sector
Masterplan (2017-2040) by addressing recent regional and national
development in these subsectors. The consolidated masterplan would
ascertain energy demand growth, least cost expansion plan and recommend
action and investment plans in the short, medium and long terms for
Afghanistan. The Energy Master Plan will look into supply strategies through
viable energy mix scenarios to secure the stable and reliable energy supply
in the long term view. Moreover, it would explore efficient use of domestic
energy resources including hydrocarbons and renewables, to create
effective investment environment, to employ innovative technologies and to
minimize the environment and social impacts.

Power Tariff Model and


Framework for Da
Afghanistan Bresha
Sherkat

Currently the Afghan power utility does not have a holistic power tariff model
and framework (supply side and demand side) which would specify tariff
structures; identify and define consumer categories; assign cost components
(including energy imports, indigenous generation, transmission, distribution,
losses and other costs); and arrive at a unified end-user tariffs. The

19 June 2016

consultant will prepare and finalize such the tariff model and framework, and
the power tariff determination methodology. Such model will thereupon be
adopted by the power utility. Such model will allow DABS to continually
adjust tariff levels so as to ensure recovery of generation, transmission,
distribution, power systems, fixed utility and other costs, through the
distribution tariff. In addition a desk review of the existing power purchase
and sales agreements with four neighboring countries will be critically
reviewed and lessons fed into future agreements
Business Plan for Da
Afghanistan Breshna
Sherkat integrated
power utility

Legal Support in
hydrocarbon sector

Da Afghanistan Breshan Sherkat (DABS) is the state owned integrated


power utility in Afghanistan. DABS currently lacks a comprehensive business
plan to strengthen business direction and strategic context in the short,
medium and long term. The consultant will formulate a business plan
comprising, but not limited to the following: (i) Organizational Overview
including primary business activities, (ii) Strategic Context explaining DABS
vision, mission, values, and its operating environment, (iii) Alignment With
Government Strategic Plan confirming how this Service Plan aligns with the
Governments national and regional goals and objectives, (iv) Goals,
Objectives, Key Strategies, Performance Measures, and Targets outlining
DABS strategic direction over the next three years, five years and ten years,
and how this direction will be monitored and translated into action, (v)
Operating Segments Summary about DABS Lines of Business and Service
Organizations including mandate, strategic context, goals and objectives,
key strategies, performance measures and targets, (vi) Financial Outlook
outlines the revenue expectations and expenditure plans for DABS short (3
years), medium (5 years) and long terms (10 years) with pro-forma financial
statement, with key forecasting assumptions, risks, and sensitivities, (vii)
Major Capital Projects Plan outlining DABS intended commitments in
excess of $20 million towards the capital cost of projects during short,
medium and long terms. Such business plan would also include
development of an operations and maintenance and asset management
strategy.
Afghan Ministry of Mines & Petroleum (MoMP) has several projects in
various stages of development including the Turkmenistan-AfghanistanPakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, Restructuring of Afghan Gas Enterprise
(AGE) as commercial entity, the current Exploration and Productions Sharing
Contracts (EPSCs) that are awarded to three Contractors operating in the
Amu Darya and Afghan-Tajik basins, the pending EPSC for the Totimaidan
area of the Amu Darya basin and the pending gas to power plants are the
projects that are undertaken and initiated by MoMP. The consultant will
assist MOMP with provision of legal services in commercial or contract law,
preparation and review of production sharing agreements, lifting
agreements, joint operations agreements and other oil and gas related legal
documents of various laws under preparation and under implementation by
MOMP. This will require substantial on job training for the MOMP staff.

Note: This is not an exhaustive list. Some projects may get deleted/added depending upon the priorities of the
Government of Afghanistan and investment projects taken by other development partners in the country. Final list of
projects will be reconfirmed and ascertained at the time of issuance of Request for Proposal.

4.
A consulting firm (Consultant) will be recruited to provide consulting services to prepare
these studies comprising initial due diligence, work done by other development partners and
stakeholders, sector assessments, business planning, legal and regulatory frameworks in power
and hydrocarbon subsectors, pre-feasibility of domestic energy generation options (including
renewable energy components), strategic energy masterplanning, and detailed design and
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Summary Scope of Works

assessments (if required). The consulting team is expected to execute more than 80% of its
works in Afghanistan. The recruitment of consultants will be in accordance with ADBs
Guidelines on the Used of Consultants (2015), as amended from time to time, using the qualityand cost-based selection (QCBS) method with 90:10 ratio, respectively. The proposal will be a
full technical proposal.
5.
The Client will provide the Consultant, free of charge, with relevant data, information and
documents which the Consultant may reasonably request e.g. power system data,
transmission/sub-station design specifications, hydrocarbon sector data, details of any business
planning and future growth, financial records to DABS, and any other planning information like
land ownership and acquisition, legal requirements, permits needed and granted, public
information, among others. The Client will arrange and facilitate meetings with relevant
institutions and authorities as required and will provide in such context where possible and
requested by the Consultant translation services which will be at Consultants expense.
6.
A total of 196 international person-months and 218 national person-months of
consulting services will be required under the services. The team composition of the
International and national consultants along with their estimated person-months (PM) is
provided in Table below. Consultant may propose changes in person-month input of consultants
to effectively deliver the optimized outputs. However the total input of international and national
consultants should remain as 196 PM and 218 PM respectively.
Table 2: Summary of Consulting Services Requirement (24 months)
International Consultants

No. of
Experts

Power Systems Specialist /


1
Team Leader
Power Transmission
1
Specialist
Power Planning Specialist
1
Hydrocarbon Planning
1
Specialist
Renewable Energy Specialist
1
Energy Sector Strategy
1
Specialist
Energy Business Planning
1
Specialist
Financial Specialist (Energy)
1
Energy Economist
1
Hydrocarbon Specialist
1
Energy Tariff Specialist
1
(upstream and downstream)
Energy Legal Specialist
1
Total P-M (International Consultants)

Total
P-M

National Consultants

No. of
Experts

Total
P-M

24.0

24.0

20.0

Power Systems Expert (Deputy


Team Leader)
Power Transmission Expert

24.0

18.0
12.0

Power Planning Expert


Gas Planning Expert

1
1

22.0
16.0

8.0
18.0

Renewable Energy Expert


Energy Sector Strategy Expert

1
1

12.0
20.0

12.0

Energy Business Planning


Expert
Energy Finance Expert
National Energy Economist
National Hydrocarbon Expert
Energy Tariff Expert (upstream
and downstream)
Energy Legal Specialist
Total P-M (National Consultants)

16.0

1
1
1
1

14.0
20.0
22.0
16.0

12.0
218.0

12.0
18.0
20.0
14.0
20.0
196.0

Note: The consulting firm may propose different positions to match the requirement of the subprojects
listed above, including the team leader position. However the total number of person months (both
international and national experts) would remain the same.

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A.

Scope of Works

7.
MEW, DABS and MOMP are the leading agencies for the energy sector development of
Afghanistan but with limited resources and capacities. Therefore the role of the Consultant
would be to mentor and transfer technical and managerial skills to the young Afghan engineers
seconded by Client to Consultant. The objective of the assignment is to provide engineering,
analytical and design advisory services to the Client. The Consultant will undertake
comprehensive process of dialogue and discussion with relevant stakeholders through
workshops, training sessions and high level meetings. This will ensure consensus on these
analytical studies. The Consultant will prepare all reports in English.
8.
Existing studies on above mentioned sub-projects, if available, could be preliminary in
nature. The objective of Concept Review Stage is to prepare project concept, inspect existing
documentation and studies. The Consultant tasks would comprise the following, among others:

(i)

(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

(v)

Examine the policy, regulatory, institutional, financial and legislative environment


governing activities in Afghanistan power development, transmission, dispatch and
distribution;
Review available studies, reports and related documentation relating to power
generation transmission and distribution assets, public and private;
Collect all available data, analyze information and plans concerning the existing energy
infrastructure, economic and financial aspects, masterplanning and future growth
Prepare the interim, mid-term and final reports for each of the above subprojects in
consultation with discussion and feedback with all stakeholders in Afghanistan energy
sector
Provide additional services as reasonably requested by the Client and ADB to process
the Project.

B. Reporting Requirements
9.
The team will be based in Kabul. The team will be required to submit the following
reports in English (i) inception report within 2 months of fielding and establishing its office in
Kabul; and monthly progress reports on (i) due diligence and pre-feasibility reports of each subproject, (ii) design criteria and conceptual system design, (iii) technical drawings and
specifications to prepare for the tendering process, (iv) bidding documents, (v) bid evaluation
reports (as the case may be) and, (vi) final report. At least 3 training and capacity building
seminars will be conducted in Kabul. Other workshops and on-the-job training will be conducted
as necessary. The consultants will also prepare regular status reports that highlight issues
affecting timely completion of the assignment. The team will need to engage regularly with the
relevant government ministries, agencies and departments, development partners, interministerial commission for energy, and ADB, among others. The Consultant will maintain
records documenting decisions made at meetings, progress on civil works, certified
achievements and milestones, financial records and any deviations from or changes to the
contract plans. Safeguard documents are to be translated in Dari/Pashto for public
consultations. All documents and reports would be made available on an electronic format to
client and ADB.

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Summary Scope of Works

C. Qualifications of Experts and Detailed Tasks 3


11.
A consulting firm will be engaged following ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants
(2015, as amended from time to time) for 12 international positions with total 196 personmonths input, and 12 national positions each with 218 person-months input. Extensive field
work in Kabul will be required for data collection and analysis, surveys, workshops, report
writing, hands-on assistance and on-the job training for the Client, Project Management Units,
and relevant agencies.
International Consultants (196 person-months)
12.
Power Systems Expert/Team leader (24.0 pm) The Power Systems Specialist/Team
Leader will be a senior energy economist or electrical engineer with a degree in the engineering
/ management and preferably at least 15 years of relevant experience covering studies,
planning, programming, and managing energy sector projects in various countries, including
utility management and renewable energy development. Preferably at least 10 years of
experience will be in developing countries. Experiences in Afghanistan and other post-conflict
environment are desired. The Power Systems Specialist/Team Leader (TL) will undertake the
following:
(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)
(v)
(vi)
(vii)
(viii)

(ix)
3

Overall responsibility of supervising the team of international and national consultants,


coordinating with the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (the Government)
and the Client, development partners, and ADB on optimal development of power
infrastructure in AFG. As various donors are active in the energy/power sector in
Afghanistan, it is critical to maintain close communication with all stakeholders to avoid
gaps and overlaps in the selection of projects. TL would also liaise with ADB financed
consultants preparing various projects to be financed under the Energy Supply
Improvement Investment Program, and formulating other planning documents
Lead the preparation of feasibility / pre-design technical studies for the identified
projects. The studies should include technical planning and design, analyses,
sequencing, strategy, and action plan for energy sector development in Afghanistan.
Deliver presentations to the government on energy related issues and progress related
to work assignment, and at the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Energy (ICE) meetings
and other meetings with or on behalf of ADB
Lead the preparation of inception, interim progress, preliminary draft, revised draft final
and other reports as requested by the Government.
Develop detailed work plan and implementation schedule, and ensure quality and timely
output delivery.
Coordinate the activities of team and lead discussions and consultations with
stakeholders.
Prepare global budget estimates with reference to international and domestic price
trends for projects of similar scale and quality;
Lead the conduct of capacity building needs assessment for solar and lead the conduct
of workshops for the EA and other relevant agencies on solar technologies related to the
assignment: technology, site selection criteria, due diligence process, operation and
maintenance, design, implementation, and, management.
Any other related activity as may be reasonably requested by EA or ADB.

These are tentative and outlined terms of reference. More detailed and elaborative terms of reference will be
formulated and issued in the Request for Proposal (RFP) document for the shortlisted firms.

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13.
Power Transmission System Specialist (20.0 pm). The Power Transmission Expert
will have a degree in electrical engineering and preferably 10 years of experience working in
development/rehabilitation of transmission lines, substation and grid systems. Experiences in
Afghanistan and other post-conflict environment are desired. The Expert will undertake the
following:
(i)

(ii)
(iii)

(iv)
(v)

(vi)
(vii)

(viii)
(ix)

Lead the technical assessment / studies and draft reports for studies listed in Table 1
including (a) Power Synchronization Study, (b) National Grid Expansion Study, (c)
Afghanistans Domestic Power Generation Study, (d) Afghanistan Energy Sector
Masterplan;
Study the current status of the power system, island mode and synchronization issues
with neighboring countries, and identify development and expansion needs;
Advise the government on technical solutions for synchronous and asynchronous power
interconnections for Afghanistan, least cost transmission grid expansion and grid
stability, and development of power systems in Afghanistan with new domestic
generation options
Prepare the grid code for transmission network in Afghanistan;
Based on the system simulation and review of existing studies on development of
transmission, determine whether the proposed projects should be priority based on
various factors including consideration for least cost solution for meeting the required
transmission/ substation/distribution system capability.
Conduct site reconnaissance (route surveys) to collect data/information for feasibility
study level design.
Prepare feasibility studies for projects on transmission and distribution network
development/rehabilitation and for project components including them (e.g. hydropower
project with transmission/distribution components). The studies should include at
minimum feasibility study level drawings.
Provide on the job training (OJT) to counterpart engineer on field of expertise;
Provide input in preparation of reports.

14.
Power Planning Specialist (18.0 pm). The expert will have a degree in electrical
engineering and preferably 10 years of experience working in development/rehabilitation of
power distribution networks, substation and grid systems. Experiences in Afghanistan and other
post-conflict environment are desired. The Expert will undertake the following:
(x)
(xi)
(xii)

(xiii)
(xiv)
(xv)
(xvi)

Undertake demand and supply analyses in brownfield and greenfield sites to identify
development and expansion needs;
Identify imported power and domestic power generation options and its interconnection
with transmission network;
Based on the system simulation and review of existing studies, prioritize power
distribution projects including technical and commercial considerations, and system
capability;
Assist in preparation of energy masterplan and action plan for short, medium and long
terms sector development,
Provide input in preparation of tariff model and framework and Business Plan for the
Client,
Provide on the job training (OJT) to counterpart engineer on field of expertise;
Provide input in preparation of reports.

15.
Hydrocarbon Planning Specialist (10.0 pm). The hydrocarbon planning specialist will
be an energy economist/engineer/manager with a degree in the above and should possess a
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Summary Scope of Works

minimum of 10 years of relevant international experience and specialization in upstream and


midstream gas development. The person should be technically able to assess and understand
reservoir/basin reports and gas supply scenarios (indigenous resource potential and import
options) including review of current market conditions and bottlenecks, and identifying
investment programs that are technically and financially feasible and ranking them
economically. At least 5 years of relevant experience in developing countries would be
preferred. He or she will undertake the following:
(i)

Undertake review of current and existing diagnostic work in hydrocarbon sector in


Afghanistan.
(ii)
Analyze of the existing institutional framework of Afghan hydrocarbon sector; its linkages
with power sector and the overall energy mix, and import options. Review of evaluate
existing and proposed transmission expansion and distribution plans.
(iii) Undertake benchmarking study comparing lessons on current market conditions, system
bottlenecks (upstream and midstream) in Afghanistan with comparable countries in the
region and suggest progress towards developing a domestic hydrocarbon market with
the trajectory followed by the target countries in achieving similar objectives.
(iv) Analyze medium-term gas supply/demand balances while assessing the present and
future average and peak demand requirements which would take into account growth in
industrial production, power generation, transport, commercial and household sectors
(what will the market look like in 2040).
(v) Analyze technical and financial feasibility and economic benefits of alternative
hydrocarbon development and utilization scenarios.
(vi) Explore the opportunities of public private partnerships and other innovative financing
mechanisms for development of hydrocarbon sector in Afghanistan. Develop forecast of
employment creation and required capacity building/training, and sustainment.
(vii) Recommend a suggested regulatory structure for growth and future investments in
Afghan hydrocarbon sector. Assessment of current situation and recommended
roadmap for institutional and capacity development issues, including changes required
to hydrocarbon sector structure as well as the legal/regulatory framework to ensure
accountability, predictability, transparency and efficiency in sector operations.
(viii) Advise the Client on matters related to hydrocarbon supply chain and lead meetings and
workshops, liaise with key stakeholders, and in partnership with them, develop key
information linkages, institutional support, and data gathering.
(ix) Conduct review on proposed and ongoing downstream developments (investment and
policy reforms) in hydrocarbon sector, undertake comprehensive analyses of the
Afghanistans hydrocarbon sector resources (indigenous and potential imports) along with
its development potential, including the development of all hydrocarbon resources.
(x) Identify key institutional, legal and regulatory, pricing, utilization, and market-related gaps
that need to be addressed; major load centers including gas demand forecast for a 25year period till 2040; develop allocation priorities and strategy for downstream economic
sectors; produce a series of investment projects identified to sustain Afghan hydrocarbon
sector and its linkages with power sector investments; and formulate capacity
development plan to sustain hydrocarbon sector master planning in Afghanistan.
(xi) Recommend an economic pricing model and model gas purchase and sales agreement.
(xii) Identify impediments to the fast track development of the domestic hydrocarbon market
and recommend solutions to alleviate and/or remove such impediments.
(xiii) Evaluate and enumerate key policy and regulatory issues on development of gas sector,
and identify challenges and possible solution.

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(xiv) Liaise with other development partners active in Afghan gas sector including the United
States government agencies (USAID, Department of Defense), the World Bank and
private investors and contractors.
16.
Renewable Energy Specialist (8.0 pm). The Expert shall have a Master level degree in
engineering or in related field, and 12 years of experience in design of renewable energy power
plants totaling at least 50MW aggregated capacity. Previous experience in ADB developing
member countries (DMCs) and with ADB is desirable. The Expert shall:
(i)

Lead analytical assessment and preparation of action plan for renewable energy
generation options (geothermal, municipal waste, agri-waste, among others);
(ii)
Prepare reports for input into tariff model and framework, DABS business plan, national
grid expansion study, power synchronization study and development of Afghanistan;
(iii)
Review and prepare the project scope, capital and operating cost estimates,
implementation schedule, contracting, and implementation arrangements;
(iv)
Prepare, in collaboration with relevant team members, the capacity development plan
based on the capacity needs assessment. Develop the training programs, including
manuals and system design books for Client personnel as well as O&M manuals. The
program will include risk management aspects;
(v)
Lead the conduct of capacity building needs assessment for renewables and lead the
conduct of workshops for the EA and other relevant agencies on solar technologies
related to the assignment: technology, site selection criteria, due diligence process,
operation and maintenance, design, implementation, and, management;
.
17.
Energy Sector Strategy Specialist (18.0 pm). The specialist should hold a master level
degree in engineering / management with a proven experience of 10 years in strategic planning
of energy sector in developing countries. The expert will be responsible for the following tasks:
(i)
(ii)

(iii)
(iv)
(v)

Lead preparation of energy sector masterplan by consolidating and updating power and
gas development masterplans for Afghanistan;
Prepare reports for input into tariff model and framework, DABS business plan, national
grid expansion study, power synchronization study and renewable energy sector
development of Afghanistan;
Undertake preliminary studies related to power generation planning and economic
appraisal, plant Optimization, Design and Engineering;
Assist MOMP in technical aspects related to
Lead the conduct of capacity building needs assessment for energy sector and lead the
conduct of workshops for the EA and other relevant agencies on solar technologies
related to the assignment: technology, site selection criteria, due diligence process,
operation and maintenance, design, implementation, and, management;

18.
Energy Business Planning Specialist (10 pm). The specialist should hold a master
level degree in engineering / management with a proven experience of 10 years in strategic
planning of energy sector in developing countries. The expert will be responsible for the
following tasks:
(i)
(ii)

Assist in preparation of energy sector masterplan by consolidating and updating power


and gas development masterplans for Afghanistan;
Prepare reports for input into tariff model and framework, DABS business plan, national
grid expansion study, power synchronization study and renewable energy sector
development of Afghanistan;

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Summary Scope of Works

(iii)

Provide inputs to the capacity development plan and assist in conduct of training
workshops as required;

19.
Financial Specialist (12.0 pm). The grid expert will have a Masters level degree in
finance or economics and at least 10 years of relevant experience in financial aspects related to
energy sector.
(i)

(ii)
(iii)

Report to the team leader upon engagement, provide inputs, and assist the team leader
in the delivery of required outputs related to preparation of energy sector masterplan by
consolidating and updating power and gas development masterplans for Afghanistan;
tariff model and framework, DABS business plan, national grid expansion study, power
synchronization study and energy sector development of Afghanistan;
Review the feasibility study including cost estimates and scope, design configuration;
Work closely with Client and other relevant Afghanistan agencies, in energy sector
analysis

20.
Energy Economist (18.0 pm). The expert should preferably have masters level degree
in accounting, economics, finance or related fields, possessing a minimum to 10 years
experience. The Energy Economist will be expected to deliver economic output to stimulate
energy sector development in Afghanistan:
(i)

Provide input and lead in preparation of energy sector masterplan by consolidating and
updating power and gas development masterplans for Afghanistan; tariff model and
framework, DABS business plan, national grid expansion study, power synchronization
study and energy sector development of Afghanistan;
(ii) To analyze the evolution of institutions and regulatory regimes for collective action
across energy subsectors;
(iii) To prepare input for the assessment and forecast of the medium- to longterm energy
and gas supply demand balance based. Develop an economic demand scenario based
on market-based pricing including recommendations for price adjustment while
responding to market realities, for implementation over a reasonable time period, and a
determination of the most optimum gas allocation and share of gas in the primary
sources of energy.
(iv) Identification of short, medium, and long term projects in exploration, production,
transmission, and distribution so as to have an integrated investment program.
(v) Identifying project packages that are technically and financially feasible and ranking
them economically, taking domestic policy priorities into account, prioritzation of
development projects under the gas development framework and recommendation of a
least-cost investment plan.
(vi) Investment requirements (including fiscal and financial aspects) of proposed exploration,
production, and transmission projects along with suggested timeline of commissioning.
(vii) Proposed financing plan for economically feasible capital investment projects including
investment timeline through 2035 with critical path of projects that need to be financed.
(viii) Economic and financial analysis of the future identified projects including identification of
the least cost and most optimal gas-based solutions for Afghanistan.
(ix) Cost-benefit analysis of the key economic sectors and future investment projects within
these sectors including a comparative analysis with substituted fuels.
(x) Assess economic and sustainability issues and carry sensitivity and risk analyses.

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21.
Hydrocarbon Development Specialist (Technical) (20.0 pm). The expert should
preferably have a master level degree in geology, engineering or related fields and possess a
minimum of ten years of experience. The international expert will guide the national expert.
(i)

Provide input and lead in preparation of energy sector masterplan by consolidating and
updating power and gas development masterplans for Afghanistan; tariff model and
framework, DABS business plan, national grid expansion study, power synchronization
study and energy sector development of Afghanistan;

22.
Energy Tariff Specialist (upstream, midstream and downstream) (14.0 pm). The
expert should hold a law degree or an advanced degree in a related field with experience in the
development of Power Purchase and Sales Agreements (PPSA) among countries and with
private sector energy developers. The expert should possess minimum of ten years previous
work experience in international development, and working knowledge of the tariff and legal
systems and regimes of power purchase and sales agreements. The expert must possess
superior judgment, diplomacy, and discretion on politically sensitive and/or high profile projects
and experience working in developing countries. The expert should possess proven ability to
develop and maintain sound working relationships with government officials, public and private
sector organizations, and other stakeholders. The experts tasks will include the following:
(i)
(ii)

(iii)

Review the existing PPSAs in the region and advise on the best possible way forward;
Provide input and lead in preparation of energy sector masterplan by consolidating and
updating power and gas development masterplans for Afghanistan; tariff model and
framework, DABS business plan, national grid expansion study, power synchronization
study and renewable energy sector development of Afghanistan;
Assist the Client in development of tariff models for upstream, midstream and
downstream components of the energy supply chain. This would include review of
current tariff, methodology of data collection, collection and analysis of information,
development of the methodology and guidelines for the methodology model, calculation
of the provisional revenue requirement and the justification report, calculation of enduser tariffs, calculation of bulk supply tariffs, social impact analysis, and final tariffs
determination

23.
Energy Legal Specialist (20.0 pm). The specialist must hold a master level degree in
law and possess solid experience in energy sector (hydrocarbon, mining and power) regulatory
and development issues. The experts tasks will include the following:
(i)

(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

(v)

Provide legal input and lead in preparation of energy sector masterplan by consolidating
and updating power and gas development masterplans for Afghanistan; tariff model and
framework, DABS business plan, national grid expansion study, power synchronization
study and renewable energy sector development of Afghanistan;
Carry out an analysis of the overarching laws and regulations relating to hydrocarbon,
power, coal, and mining sectors in Afghanistan
Contribute towards the draft Information Memorandum. Mining Lease, Transaction
Principles, Policy Document etc.
Prepare Terms of Reference for additional consulting assignments and technical studies
related to the legal and regulatory reform to be executed under the project.
Draft legal contracts and transaction document reflecting the spirit of the Government
Policy.
Review/vet various internal legal documents/material contracts and provide
opinion/advice to user department to ensure that interests of MOMP/ Government of

19 June 2016

Summary Scope of Works

(vi)

Afghanistan are adequately safeguarded against legal risks. Negotiate on behalf of the
government the formal contract terms with the guidelines provided.
Support MOMP management in legal matters related to hydrocarbon development.
2.

National Consultants (218.0 person-months)

24.
The national consultants will assist the work of their international counterparts through
field surveys, data collection and analyses, report writing, and meetings with relevant
government agencies and development partners, and follow-up works as needed. The National
consultants will have atleast a Bachelor level degree in related fired with a minimum of 3 years
relevant experience in design and implementation of projects.

19 June 2016