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SPE/IADC 100988

Expandable Casing In India
Biplab Roy, Choudhuri
Copyright 2006, SPE/IADC Indian Drilling Technology Conference and Exhibition
This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2006 SPE/IADC Indian Drilling Technology
Conference and Exhibition held in Mumbai, India, 16–18 October 2006.
This paper was selected for presentation by an SPE/IADC Program Committee following
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paper, as presented, have not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers or
International Association of Drilling Contractors and are subject to correction by the author(s).
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In drilling long drift side tracking well window was cut in 95/8
casing. After window cutting 81/2”hole drilled with kcl phpa
(inhibitive) mud wt 12 ppg upto top of LIII. Reason for 12 ppg
mud use due to shale instability above top of LIII.FROM LIII
top to land point formation is lime stone and low pore pressure
require gel polymer mud (low mud wt 8.6-8.7 ppg) drilling
this two section leads to complication and well problem as 12
ppg mud will induce loss in limestone formation.
As from 95/8” casing window was cut and 7” liner was
lowered to top of LIII next liner to lower 5” and thereafter
31/2 drain hole. 6” drain holedrilling was not possible. By
adopting expandable liner system problem was solved. One
extra set of 51/2 expadable liner was lowered. 51/2 “ bicentre
bit was lowered and 6” drain hole was done. Drilling
procedure as belowLowered 7” linerLowered 61/8 “ bit/6”x7”
bicentre bit and enlarged to landing point using near bit 7”
reamer. Lowered 51/2” expandable casing. Lowered 51/2” bi
centre bit for making 6” drain hole.6” drain hole was possible
to drill using expandable liner and drilling shale and low
pressure loss zone isolating above two zone
Expandable casing is designed to meet the following
Where conventional casing cannot reach to shoe depth
required due to formation pressure restriction or other drilling
• Due to complication faced in ahead section and have
to seal off previous section.
• It saves well from premature failure or early aban
• Increase in casing size diameter instead of decrease in
hole size ( as is shown in paper)
• The hole become unstable due to time exposure,
subnormal pressure drilling or drilling fluid
incapacity to drilling due to geo pressure variation (as
shown in paper)

Expandable casing also may be used in case of longer section
required for and it cannot be done due to caving zone and
highly depleated formation in cas of window cutting.
Expandable may play a vital role in it. Longer section can be
bifurcated as per choice of section of expandable open hole
High pressure and low pressure in above LIII 1900 psi and
below 1750 psi so 710 psi pressure difference sub hydrostatic
pressure is acting on above as a differiantial pressure equal to
50 kg/cm2. If done on single casing while drilling at bottom
differential pressure at last casinin shoe is 50 kg /cm2 and as
subnormal pressure is being is drilled chances of pipe sticking
would occur. Problem of depleted producing layer is there.
Reduction of caving as low mud wt 8.8-8.9 wt would not
support shale on above and cllapsing of shale also
occurstherefore severe formation damage will take place and if
loss condition there sever complication will occur and
therefore losing well, short landing, pipesticking 12 ppg mud
wt is required to keep shale ok and if we drill to bottom severe
loss will occur as even it happens in 8.6-8.9 ppg mud.
Expandable liner technology was adopted to solve this
problem after 7” liner 6” bicenter bit was lowered and drilled
and 51/2”x7” expandable liner was lowered without loss in
casing size and again 51/2”x6” bi centre bit was lowered to to
make 6” drain hole. Without expandable liner another set of
casing would have been required which would decrease casing
dia and drain hole size could not be increased to 6” .As in this
case atLIII layer bottom a casing is to be used and it is 7” liner
and next casing is to lower at B layer landing point if
expandable was not used we will have to lower 5” liner or
5”x51/2” casing and next 6” bit will not pass through 5” liner
and 6” horizontal can not be done therefore casing dia is
decreased and ultimately and ultimately which would decrease
the production rate as our objective is to increase production
Theory and defination
Eexpandable in side track well can be used for zonal isolation
for loss zone drilling by isolating shale formation above.drain
hole size can be increased as here it is 6” otherwise lower size
drainhole is to be done which would decrease production rate.
Case data:
Well IA-4ZH was having horizontal drift of 1200 m at B top
in N 255 direction having 500M drain hole in N 255 IN B
layer. Well was planned to deviate from original well IA#4
which was dual producer.

6)x1226x3.892 4.4 1018.8 ppg .2 SPE/IADC 100988 Side tracked below 133/8 casing shoe by setting whipstock at 1435M below lii layer to cut window .7 2030 8. Expandable liner detail 51/2x7” expandable Grade weight OD ID DRIFT INT YIELD COLLAPSE Pre expansion SX40 17PPF 5” 4.9 1346 Md (m msl) Formation pressure(PSI) 1440 Casing depth(m) mudwt Mud policy 1628 1831 2050 1900 1865 KCL-PHPA 1750-1800 2101 10.Wwell was completed without logging. Cutting 95/8” whipstock window@1435m(1110M TVD.8 NON DAMAGING 2600 USING 51/2 X6” BI CENTRE BIT Gel-polymer .8-11.6-8. angle51c differential pressure at point 1226= . Drilled 6” drain hole with 51/2”x6” bi centre bit . 6” drainhole drilling with 5”x 6” bi centre bit with motor and mwd by non damaging clay free mud was done .512PPG 8.8ppg Blayer 1379.7 gel polymer mud was used .Side tracked with 61/8”x7” bit to 2105M 8. Loss could not be controlled under 5-6 bph after pill was placed .052x(12-8.68.57” 5.6Mand reached LIII top .7 1992 LP DRAINHOLE 1380.445” 6480PSI 3270PSI Note : expandable properties details for passing bicentre bit .6-8.3 1226.767” 7740PSI 6285PSI Post expansion 6.28 =50kg/cm2 note : subnormal pressure zone above pressure rating is quite high for pipe stuck. Further drill well 6” x7” bi centre bit and lower 51/2”x7” expandable liner at B layer top. Geological data of well Formation top LI LII SI LIII Tvd (msl) 993.KCL PHPA mud wt was used in the range of 10.. Drilled DPOB WITH 6” BIT to landing collar and tested casing hermetically to 2000psi.5) TO 1864. Drilled 81/2 hole and lower 7” liner at LIIIi top. After well killing operation drilled directional 81/2 hole with motor MWD from 1441M (ANGLE 51.148” 5. Observed mud loss at 60 bph . Lowered 7” liner and tested hermetical to 2000psi . Lowered 51/2”x7” expandable liner to 2101M and cmtd.

. Pipe sticking problem can be eliminated.drain hole size can be increased as here it is 6” otherwise lower size drainhole is to be done which would decrease production rate.SPE/IADC 100988 3 20”-306M Well IA-4ZH 51/2X7” EXPANDABLE LINER 133/8-1223M WHIPSTOCK95/ 8-1436M-1441m 7” CSG 1865m 51/2X7” EXPANDABLE CEMENTPLUG 1537m-1615m —2101m 95/8 CSG DRAIN HOLE 6” -500M 7” CSG NOTE : above fig shows the diagram of well expandable was used and old well Conclusion: Expandable in side track well can be used for zonal isolation for loss zone drilling by isolating shale formation above. Bigger diameter drain hole is achieved.