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Quiz 1 Physics ANSWER KEY

[1] A shopper in a supermarket pushes a cart with a force of 35 N directed at an angle of 25 below the horizontal. The force is just
sufficient to overcome various frictional forces, so the cart moves at constant speed. (a) Find the work done by the shopper as she
moves down a 50.0-m length aisle. (b) What is the net work done on the cart? Why? [20 points]
Answer:

[2] A worker pushing a 35.0-kg wooden crate at a constant speed for 12.0 m along a wood floor does 350 J of work by applying a
constant horizontal force of magnitude F0 on the crate. (a) Determine the value of F0. [10 points]

Answer:

[3] Two blocks are connected by a light string that passes over two frictionless pulleys as in the figure below. The block of mass m2 is
attached to a spring of force constant k and m1 > m2. If the system is released from rest, and the spring is initially not stretched or
compressed, find an expression for the maximum displacement d of m2. [15 points]

Answer:

[4] Two blocks, A and B (with mass 50 kg and 100 kg, respectively), are connected by a string, as shown in Figure P5.92. The pulley is
frictionless and of negligible mass. The coefficient of kinetic friction between block A and the incline is uk = 0.25. Determine the
change in the kinetic energy of block A as it moves from C to D, a distance of 20 m up the incline (and block B drops downward a
distance of 20 m) if the system starts from rest.[10 points]

Answer:

[5] An astronaut in her space suit has a total mass of 87.0 kg, including suit and oxygen tank. Her tether line loses its attachment to
her spacecraft while shes on a spacewalk. Initially at rest with respect to her spacecraft, she throws her 12.0-kg oxygen tank away
from her spacecraft with a speed of 8.00 m/s to propel herself back toward it (a) Determine the maximum distance she can be
from the craft and still return within 2.00 min (the amount of time the air in her helmet remains breathable). [10 points]
Answer:

[6] A 0.030-kg bullet is fired vertically at 200 m/s into a 0.15-kg baseball that is initially at rest. How high does the combined bullet
and baseball rise after the collision, assuming the bullet embeds itself in the ball? [15 points]
Answer:

[7] A 90.0-kg fullback running east with a speed of 5.00 m/s is tackled by a 95.0-kg opponent running north with a speed of 3.00 m/s.
(a) Why does the tackle constitute a perfectly inelastic collision? (b) Calculate the velocity of the players immediately after the
tackle. [15 points]
Note:
Answer:

Velocity has direction, indicate the direction of motion after the collision.

[8] A 55.0-kg ice skater is moving at 4.00 m/s when she grabs the loose end of a rope, the opposite end of which is tied to a pole. She
then moves in a circle of radius 0.800 m around the pole. (a) Determine the force exerted by the horizontal rope on her arms. (b)
Compare this force with her weight. [15 points]
Answer:

[9] An artificial satellite circling the Earth completes each orbit in 110 minutes. (a) Find the altitude of the satellite. (b) What is the
value of g at the location of this satellite?
Answer:

[10] Neutron stars are extremely dense objects that are formed from the remnants of supernova explosions. Many rotate very rapidly.
Suppose the mass of a certain spherical neutron star is twice the mass of the Sun and its radius is 10.0 km. Determine the greatest
possible angular speed the neutron star can have so that the matter at its surface on the equator is just held in orbit by the
gravitational force.
Answer: