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CEPI EFPRO
Early Stage
Researchers Workshop 2015
Novel deinking method of used A4 paper
in the office for internal reuse
paper recycling at your desktop

Zholymbayeva Y., Tastanbekov D., Inglezakis V.,


Akhmedzhanov M.,Mukatay A., Yerkhanov B.

Outline

Introduction: Challenge 1 and 2


Research directions
Theory ultrasound and SCF CO2
Laboratory prototype
First results
High pressure chamber, its modelling
Outlook

Challenge #1

TONS OF OFFICE PAPER DISPOSED EVERY DAY


WORLDWIDE
Economic: Increasing office paper consumption goes in parallel with
increasing cost of natural paper pulp. Despite the spread of digital media,
world paper consumption increases over past decades.

Challenge #2

Ecologic: paper trail associated with woods extinction and carbon emission
during traditional wet paper production

The research on toner removal is developing into two directions

Limitations:

A standard A4 sheet made from 80 g/m2 paper. 210 by 297 millimetres


(8.27 in 11.7 in). Company: International Paper
Printed in laser printer Xerox Phaser 3300 MFP
4cm2 of paper sample

System for deinking office paper and recycling the used organic solvent

1. Heater 2. sand bath 3. flask for boiling solvent 4. drain tube 5. condenser 6. the drain valve 7. the hole for controlled
discharge 8. the hole to prevent overfilling 9. tank cleaning paper 10. refrigerator for the condensation of organic solvent
11. Piezo 12. magnetic stirrer 13. the tube to evaporate the solvent 14. 1-14.4 thermocouple

Installation that implements the method of deinking paper with ultrasound in an organic solvent at a rotating tank.

1 Rotor
2 Belt
3 solvent
4 - Mount the stabilizer
5 - Stabilizer (Teflon)
6 - tank with a solvent (rotary vessel)
7 Seal (to reduce friction)
8Teflon Stand
9 - Cover
10 - Paper sample
11 - Water
12 - Ultrasonic

Theory- Ultrasound
High frequency mechanical waves above the human limit of
audibility
Ultrasound can propagate in gases, liquids and solids
Source of the ultrasonic might be ultrasonic bath, generator, homogenizer and
apparatus for cosmetic purpose

Comparative table of samples after treatment.

Theory- Supercritical fluid CO2 . Above its critical


temperature (31 C) and critical pressure (74 bar)

The appearance of a modified high-pressure chamber


Sketch of the flange with ultrasonic generator on
top, photograph prepared flange with ultrasonic
generator on right, assembled high pressure
chamber.
Cracked acrylic glass under the influence of
any additional stresses arising as the
diffusion of supercritical CO2 into the
surface.

Results from SCF CO2

Paper sample placed in a chamber with solvent

After experiments with different solvents visible


results of purification of a paper from a toner was
not observed.
These results indicate that we need more powerful
ultrasonic generator embedded into high-pressure
chamber.

Some modeling result determined by finite


element method
Sound pressure levels in the pressure
chamber. Calculations show that a high
transmittance not been achieved even in the
case of some of the best location of the
source of ultrasound

Sound pressure levels in the


pressure chamber at the operating
frequency of 25 kHz

OUTLOOK
develop improved version of borosilicate glass based
installation prototype that will deink paper and recycle
used organic solvents
embed piezo into high-pressure chamber

scale laboratory experiments to A4 size


Analysis of the economic viability
find partners and collaborators among researchers
around world

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Yerkenaz Zholymbayeva,
PI "Nazarbayev University Research and Innovation System, Astana,
Kazakhstan
Mobile phone: +77028648186
Email: yerkenaz.zholymbayeva@nu.edu.kz