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# Faculty of Civil Engineering and Earth Resources

## Universiti Malaysia Pahang

ASSIGNMENT II CO4
Analyze the pipeline systems as related to civil engineering.
BAA 2713 : FLUID MECHANICS
Lecturer : Dr. Nor Azlina Alias
SECTION
1) Name
2) Name
1.

:
:
:

Mark
ID :
ID :

100

## In Figure Q1 below, H = 25 m, L = 40 m and = 30O, d = 8 mm, = 10 kN/m3 and

= 0.08 Pa.s. Find the head loss per unit length of pipe and the discharge in litres per
minute.

Figure Q1
[0.625 m/m]

2.

Based on Figure Q1, H = 20 m, L = 150 m. Sg = 0.85, = 0.4 Pa.s and = 1 mm. Find
the Newtons per sesond flowing. Neglect the minor losses.

3.

A 150 mm diameter pipe reduces in diameter abruptly to 100 mm. If the pipe carries
water at 30 L/s, calculate the pressure loss across the contraction and express this as a
percentage of the loss to be expected if the flow was reversed. Take the coefficient of
contraction as 0.6
[3.2 kN/m2, 143%]

4.

## Figure Q4 is a sketch of a horizontal pipe has an abrupt expansion from D1 = 8 cm to

D2 = 16 cm. The water velocity in the smaller section is 10 m/s and the flow is
turbulent. The pressure in the smaller section is P1 = 410 kPa. Taking the kinetic

energy correction factor to be 1.06 at both the inlet and the outlet, determine the
downstream pressure P2.

Figure Q4

5.

Figure Q5 shows a certain part of cast iron piping of a water distribution system
involves a parallel section. Both parallel pipes have a diameter of 30 cm, and the flow
is fully turbulent. One of the branches (pipe A) is 1000 m long while the other branch
(pipe B) is 3000 m long. If the flow rate through pipe A is 0.4 m3/s, determine the flow
rate through pipe B. Disregard minor losses and assume the water temperature to be
15C. Show that the flow is fully turbulent, and thus the friction factor is independent
of Reynolds number.

Figure Q5
[0.231 m3/s]
6.

Water at 15C in Figure Q6 is drained from a large reservoir using two horizontal
plastic pipes connected in series. The first pipe is 20 m long and has a 10 cm diameter,
while the second pipe is 35 m long and has a 4 cm diameter. The water level in the
reservoir is 18 m above the centerline of the pipe. The pipe entrance is sharp-edged,
and the contraction between the two pipes is sudden. Neglecting the effect of the
kinetic energy correction factor, determine the discharge rate of water from the
reservoir.

Figure Q6
2

7.

Glycerin at 40C with = 1252 kg/m3 and = 0.27 kg/ms is flowing through a 5 cm
diameter horizontal smooth pipe with an average velocity of 3.5 m/s. Determine the
pressure drop per 10 m of the pipe.
[189 kPa]

8.

Reconsider problem in Q7. Using Microsoft Excell, investigate the effect of the pipe
diameter on the pressure drop for the same constant flow rate. Let the pipe diameter
vary from 1 to 10 cm in increments of 1 cm. Tabulate and plot the results. What can be
concluded from the results plotted?.

9.

## What gauge pressure P1 in Figure Q9 below is required to cause 5 ft3/s of water to

flow through the system shown below. Assume that the reservoir is large thus minor
losses are negligible v = 2.11 x 10-5 ft2/s. The pipe of commercial type with 6 inch
constant diameter.

Figure Q9
[P1 = 135 lb/in2]
10.

If P1 in Figure Q9 above is 200 lb/in2 gage, what should the inside pipe diameter be to
enable transport of 12 ft3/s of water? Again neglect the minor losses.