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Fluid Mechanic Assignment UMP

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ASSIGNMENT II CO4

Analyze the pipeline systems as related to civil engineering.

BAA 2713 : FLUID MECHANICS

Lecturer : Dr. Nor Azlina Alias

Deadline : December 6th, 2016

SECTION

1) Name

2) Name

1.

:

:

:

Mark

ID :

ID :

100

= 0.08 Pa.s. Find the head loss per unit length of pipe and the discharge in litres per

minute.

Figure Q1

[0.625 m/m]

2.

Based on Figure Q1, H = 20 m, L = 150 m. Sg = 0.85, = 0.4 Pa.s and = 1 mm. Find

the Newtons per sesond flowing. Neglect the minor losses.

3.

A 150 mm diameter pipe reduces in diameter abruptly to 100 mm. If the pipe carries

water at 30 L/s, calculate the pressure loss across the contraction and express this as a

percentage of the loss to be expected if the flow was reversed. Take the coefficient of

contraction as 0.6

[3.2 kN/m2, 143%]

4.

D2 = 16 cm. The water velocity in the smaller section is 10 m/s and the flow is

turbulent. The pressure in the smaller section is P1 = 410 kPa. Taking the kinetic

energy correction factor to be 1.06 at both the inlet and the outlet, determine the

downstream pressure P2.

Figure Q4

5.

Figure Q5 shows a certain part of cast iron piping of a water distribution system

involves a parallel section. Both parallel pipes have a diameter of 30 cm, and the flow

is fully turbulent. One of the branches (pipe A) is 1000 m long while the other branch

(pipe B) is 3000 m long. If the flow rate through pipe A is 0.4 m3/s, determine the flow

rate through pipe B. Disregard minor losses and assume the water temperature to be

15C. Show that the flow is fully turbulent, and thus the friction factor is independent

of Reynolds number.

Figure Q5

[0.231 m3/s]

6.

Water at 15C in Figure Q6 is drained from a large reservoir using two horizontal

plastic pipes connected in series. The first pipe is 20 m long and has a 10 cm diameter,

while the second pipe is 35 m long and has a 4 cm diameter. The water level in the

reservoir is 18 m above the centerline of the pipe. The pipe entrance is sharp-edged,

and the contraction between the two pipes is sudden. Neglecting the effect of the

kinetic energy correction factor, determine the discharge rate of water from the

reservoir.

Figure Q6

2

7.

Glycerin at 40C with = 1252 kg/m3 and = 0.27 kg/ms is flowing through a 5 cm

diameter horizontal smooth pipe with an average velocity of 3.5 m/s. Determine the

pressure drop per 10 m of the pipe.

[189 kPa]

8.

Reconsider problem in Q7. Using Microsoft Excell, investigate the effect of the pipe

diameter on the pressure drop for the same constant flow rate. Let the pipe diameter

vary from 1 to 10 cm in increments of 1 cm. Tabulate and plot the results. What can be

concluded from the results plotted?.

9.

flow through the system shown below. Assume that the reservoir is large thus minor

losses are negligible v = 2.11 x 10-5 ft2/s. The pipe of commercial type with 6 inch

constant diameter.

Figure Q9

[P1 = 135 lb/in2]

10.

If P1 in Figure Q9 above is 200 lb/in2 gage, what should the inside pipe diameter be to

enable transport of 12 ft3/s of water? Again neglect the minor losses.

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