You are on page 1of 9

# CE 5331-X13: Design of Earth Retention Structures

## Rankines theory of Active and Passive Earth

Pressure
Priyantha W. Jayawickrama, Ph.D.
Sources:
Fundamental of Geotechnical Eng.,B.M. DAS (11.2 -11.5)

L
A'

a'

B'

o'

## Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University

Active Pressure
With geometrical manipulations we may get:

a' o'

1 sin
cos
2c '
1 sin
1 sin

z tan 2

2 2c ' tan

## Active Pressure Coefficient Ka

The Rankines active pressure coefficient is given by:

a'

K a ' tan 2 4 2
o
The failure planes / slip planes make angle of

L
A

'p

o'

## Rankines Passive Pressure

Rankines passive pressure is given by:

1 sin
cos

2c '
1 sin
1 sin
'
p

'
o

z tan 2

2 2c ' tan

## Passive Pressure Coefficient Kp

The Rankines passive pressure coefficient is given by:

'p

K p ' tan 2 4 2
o
The failure planes / slip planes make angle of

## Lateral Earth Pressure Distribution

Against Retaining Walls
There are two different cases considered:

Horizontal backfill

## Cohesion less soil

Partially submerged cohesion less soil with
surcharge
Cohesive soil

Sloping backfill
Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University

## Lateral Earth Pressure Distribution:

Cohesion less soil + horizontal backfill
Pa=0.5KaH2

## Lateral Earth Pressure Distribution:

Cohesion less soil + horizontal backfill
Pp=0.5KpH2

## Lateral Earth Pressure Distribution:

Cohesion less, submerged soil + horizontal backfill

## Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University

Lateral Force:
Active case:

Pa K a qH

1
1
K aH 12 K aH 1 H 2 K a w H 22
2
2

Passive case:

Pp K p qH

1
1
K pH 12 K pH 1 H 2 K p w H 22
2
2

## Cohesive soil with horizontal backfill

Active case:
Active pressure against wall at any depth will be given
by:

a K az 2c K a

## Depth of tension crack will be,

z0

2c

Ka
Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University

Cohesive soil
Active Pressure force will be,

1
c
2
Pa K a H 2 K a cH 2
2

## Passive Pressure force will be,

Pp

1
K pH 2 2 K p cH
2
Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University

## Rankines Active and passive Pressure

with Sloping Backfill

## Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University

Cont
Active pressure coefficient:

K a cos

cos cos 2 cos 2

K p cos

## cos cos 2 cos 2

cos cos 2 cos 2
Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University

Cont
Active pressure force:

Pa

1
K a H 2
2

## Passive pressure force:

Pp

1
K p H 2
2
Civil Engineering - Texas Tech University