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Www.Ijmsi.Org || Volume 2 Issue 10 || November. 2014 || PP-52-55

non singular Matrices

K. Thirumurugan

Pgt in Mathematics, ghss valuthavur, Villupuram Dt, Tamilnadu, India.

ABSTRACT:

In this paper, I present a new method to compute the determinant, adjoint and inverse of 3

3 non singular matrices is considered. In this method to find the determinant value, adjoint of matrix is very

quick when comparing to other known method. This is an easy method which helps to find the solution of inverse

matrix.

I.

The new method to compute the determinant of a 33 matrix may be one of the easiest methods to

compute the determinant of the third order. I have given three types of method to evaluate the determinants

value.

This method will be formed of six diagonals with three different elements of determinants. The

elements products in three diagonals in left side will be + sign, in other hand the elements product in three

other different diagonals in right side will be het - sign.

Type (1)

While applying the new method, to compute the determinants of the third, we have

(1)

Type (2)

Type (3)

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52 | P a g e

Illustration:

Evaluate the determinant

Solution:

By applying Type (1) method, easily we get the value of determinant

(1.1)

The results acquired by using the new method are entirely equal with the results acquired by the other

known method. In base of this, we can conclude that this new method to compute the determinants of third order

is true and can be used for third order determinant.

II.

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53 | P a g e

(2)

Illustration:

Find the adjoint of matrix

Solution:

To find adjoint of A, we can write matrix A which can be formed by using following scheme.

(2.1)

III.

INVERSE OF MATRIX

(3)

Applying equations (1) and (2) into (3), we have

(3.1)

Hence the equation (3.1) is obtaining the inverse of 33 non singular matrix.

Illustration:

Find the inverse of

By applying equations (1.1) and (2.1) in equation (3), we obtain the inverse of matrix

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Computation of Determinant, Adjoint and Inverse of 33 matrices

Problem

Matrix

Determinant

35

-1

IV.

Adjoint

Inverse

CONCLUSION

This is one of the new methods with great application value in finding quickly and easily the third

order determinant, adjoint and Inverse of the matrices.

REFERENCES

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7]

Dodgson, C,L. Condensation of Determinants Being a New and Brief Method for Computing and their Arithmetic Values.

Proc.Roy.Soc.Ser.A15, (1886), 150 155.

Hannus, Pauk Henry: An elementary treatise on the theory of determinants. A text-book for colleges, Ithaca, New York: Cornell

University Library, Boston, Ginn and company (1886), 13, 14, 18.

Wels, Laenas Gifford: A short course in the theory of determinants, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Library, New York,

London: Macmillan and Co, (1893), 8.

Scott, Robert Forsyth: The theory of determinants and their applications, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Library,

Cambridge: University Press,(1905) 3 5.

Wield, Laenas Gifford: Determinants, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Librart, New York: J. Wiley and Sons;[etc..],

(1906), 14 -15.

Jos. V. Collins: Advanced algebra, American Book Company (1913), 281, 286.

Dardna Hajrizaj. New Method to compute the Determinant, International journal of Algebra, (2009), 3, 211 - 219.

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